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Full text of "Pacific Rural Press (July-Dec. 1884)"

CALIFORNIA 

STATE LIBRARY 
* 

Call No. 



EDO? lEDb31b 1 

California State Library 




T^^ZEIDTTY-IFOTXIR, PAGE EDITIO 



Vol XXVIII-No. 1.1 


SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY. JULY 5, 1884. 




i *:!.')« a U'iir. in AdVanrt-. 

( Siujle copies, 10 cent- 





The Children's Day. 

A holiday would be a tame affair if there were 
no children. The child, having no anxiety to 
dampen rejoicings and no responsibility to east 
shadows, enters upon a holiday without reser- 
vation, and with a whole hearted joy which 
brightens the day for all. So the whole round 
of the red-letter days, from Christmas till 
Christmas comes again, are largely children's 
days, and the joy which they bring to the older 
ones lies mainly 
in their power 
to rejuvenate - 
to bring the spir- 
it of childhood 
once more into 
eyes which are 
losing their bril- 
liance and limbs 
which arc no 
longer Meet. 

The Fourth of 
July, though its 
import is of the 
highest moment 
to this nation 
and to the cause 
of liberty 
throughout the 
world, awakens 
more transports 
in the heart of 
the child than 
in the mind of 
the sire. The 
stirring music, 
the fervid ora- 
tion, the impres- 
sive renderingof 
the grand old 
document of 
1776 are all in- 
centives to pa- 
triotic ardor, 
and yet the 
boy, who but 
little appre- 
ciates these 
things, gets more 
joyful emotion 

into his tiny frame than enters into ten 
times the weight of nerve tissue of adult 
humanity. It is a good idea to promote this 
youthful joy. It can be turned to useful ac- 
count by endeavoring to instill, drop by drop, 
the essence of the occasion into the mind — to 
couple joy with the reasons for rejoicing. One 
can teach more American history in an hour on 
Fourth of July morning when the crackers are 
bursting and the flags floating than can be 
beaten in during a term of lessons with books 
and maps. 

Many a group of faces like those shown in the 
engraving can be studied along our city streets 
during the passage of the procession. The 
stately parts of the parade pass and excite but 
little enthusiasm from the children. Their 
manifestations are reserved for the coming of 
the "grotesques," and then their joy is uncon- 
lincd. The artist has evidently chosen a mo- 
ment when a figure of particular interest to the 
children is in view. Their faces are a study 
which every one who loves the child will be able 
to enjoy. 

Sunday -.25,000 boys bathed in the free 
baths of New York. 



Serious Damages. 

We would like to put as pleasant a face as 
possible on our coast agricultural affairs, and 
speak cheeringly of the future rather than add 
to the despondency of any farmers already too 
much depressed, perhaps, by the suddenness 
of their misfortune in losing the reward of their 
labor which seemed almost in hind. Vet, from 
a ride in Contra Costa and S >lano counties, it 
will he seen that many c.ireful farmers have 



Black-cap Raspberries. 

Mr. B. 1). T. Clough, of Niles, brings us 
another sample of the fine black-cap raspberries 
which he is growing in great excellence, 
but which this market does not welcome 
to any great extent as yet. Fruits in this mar- 
ket go largely on fashion, and the funny thing 
about it is that the fashion does not change, 
and therein fruit fashion ditters from most 
other fashions. I'eople get their minds set on 




A HOLIDAY IN THE CITY VIEWING THE PROCESSION 



lost their entire hay crop and main dependence 
for marketable produce by such hitherto un- 
heard-of June rains as have lately been ex- 
perienced. 

In the latter county, near Yallejo, once fine- 
appearing fields of wheat have been effected and 
a large portion ruined by the so-called Hessian 
fly. This insect proves far more destructive 
this year than last. This misfortune added to 
the loss of their hay is disheartening indeed to 
some, although others have fortunately es- 
caped . Uarley has been less affected than 
wheat. Farmers are studying what to do next 
with their land in such cases. The cultivation 
of rye would be a partial remedy only, het 
correspondents throw as much light on the sub- 
ject through the Rural as possible. The area 
benefited by the rains, we know, is great. All 
will hope that the damaged hay may prove of 
more value, and the extent of the damage con- 
fined to less extensive localities, than at first 
supposed. 

Is I8S1 the value of the exports and imports 
of London was €198,000,000; in 188--*, fiOI.OOO,- 
000. Liveq.ool, in 1881, i" 195,000,000; in 188'_>, 

£-:o;!,ooo,ooo, 



certain styles of fruit, and look with crushing 
coolness on innovations. They are even more 
crazy on red raspberries than they are on red 
apples. We cannot but believe that the lack 
of demand for black-cap raspberries is largely 
owing to the indisposition of retailers to venture 
anything. They know people will buy red rasp- 
berries, and they don't know whether they will 
buy black-caps or not, and they do not proposo 
to experiment. The result is, or at least we 
fancy so, that many people, who knew and en- 
joyed black-caps at the East and would be glad 
to get them again, never know that such things 
are to be had in this market, because they are 
lying neglected in the wholesale stores down 
town. Mr. Clough tells us that they sell better 
in Oakland than in this city, which is, it seems 
to us, an indication that the trouble with their 
sale is that they arc not spread out in sight as 
they should be. In Oakland the fruit store is 
brought into more direct contact with the con- 
sumer, comparatively more people see the black- 
caps and purchase them either for old acquain- 
tance sake or because they reallypreter them. 
As for ourselves we would choo£e^the] black- 
caps every time in preference to the red, 



German Library for the University. 

There is now an opportunity for our prosper- 
ous Oerman farmers and fruit growers to do a 
deed of loyalty to their native tongue, and of 
service to the rising generation of California:!*. 
Although the deed we propose is singularly ap- 
propriate for our German readers, it need not be 
restricted to them, for any one who knows the 
wealth of the German literature' or anyone who 
desires to minister to the general progress of 
culture on this 
coast, may take 
part in and con- 
tribute to til'' 
success of this 
movement. Mr. 
Alhin I'ut/kii. 
I'rofessor of the 
German lan- 
guage and Lite] 
ature at the Uni- 
versity of Cali- 
fornia, appeals 
to the citizens 
of the State to 
contribute tothc 
purchase of a 
library of Oer- 
man books for 
that institution, 
to aid the stu- 
dents of the Ger- 
man language. 
The general li- 
brary is inade- 
quate to the 
wants of stu- 
dents in that de- 
partment, par- 
ticularly as 
books cannot be 
taken home to 
be used at the 
convenience and 
leisure of stu- 
dents. A small 
library of the 
best standard 
thors, dictiona- 
ries, maps, peri- 
odicals, etc., for the home use of students in 
the department seems an absolute necessity. 
The hope is cherished by Mr. Putzker that, at- 
tention being called to this need, liberal minded 
German citizens will embrace the opportunity 
to promote the interests of t he department by 
subscribing funds, to be tendered to the Board 
of Regents of the l'ni\ ct .,it,y-fO,r ' the purpose. 
Subscription papers . an .bg "f<*Ha at the Ger- 
man Savings Society. V2T) CalifpHEj.t- *— '•ct, ami 
Humboldt Savin js v '' jety, ,£l"eet. 

We h.n • tli, , ii .iu lliat perhaps "a .umber • 
our successful .i^rivJttlfiuVisTs,* vftfvBa like to give 
their abundance toyard the realisation of 1'rof. 
I'ut/kei V project? He is a devoted instructor an. 
his classes '.are large. He needs special ma- 
terials bxj&abh him to carry on his work to the 
bettei^acTvantage of his pupils. In such a case 
it would seem fitting, that individual liberality 
.should step in and give him the equipment he 
desires. Whoever has either a small or a large 
sum to spare, will, we trust, devote it totheend 
pro posed. 

A WaLLA Walla man claims to have picked 
over 8,000 pounds of strawberries from less than 
t w o acres of vines this season. 



fAGIFie RURAL PRESS. 



[July 5, 1881 



C[of^RESPOJ^ DENSE. 



Ben Lomond. 

Eiutoks Pans: — Every ilay there are fami- 
lies arriving in California who wish to acquire 
permanent homes in fruitful and healthful local- 
ities. Having thoroughly examined the beau- 
tiful and romantic district of Hen l.oniond, with 
a view to reporting upon its merits as a home 
for newly arrived farmers from the East and 
Northeast, we ask space for the following de- 
scription. 

Ben Lomond is situated in the Santa Cruz 
mountains, I S miles northwest of Santa Cruz. 
It is at present 7 miles from railroad eommuni 
cation, bat will, it is said, be pierced by a rail- 
way system of its own ere the close. of the pres- 
ent summer. This road is to tap the S. 1'. C. 
K. EL at Felton, and run northwest through 
the counties of Santa Cruz and San Mateo to 
San Francisco, thus giving a short route to the 
metropolis and a cheap outlet for produce. 

This beautiful and heretofore neglected dis- 
trict lies -.'.'JOO feet above the sea level, ami for 
the most part escapes the cold fogs which are 
so unpleasant nearer the coast. The climate is 
equally as pleasant as that of Santa Cruz, so 
well known to pleasure seekers as a summer re- 
sort. I have traveled over the greater portion 
of the State, and have yet to find another local- 
ity offering ;is good inducements to men of 
small capital say from #1.000 to $10,000. The 
water is abundant and of the very best quality, 
coming from springs pure as snow water. It 
is e«|Ual to the spring region of Kentucky and 
Virginia. 

Productions. 

Fnlit, corn, dairy products, wine, lumber ami 
tan-bark arc the chief productions. In the 
quality of its apples this beautiful district can- 
not, I believe, be excelled elsewhere in the 
State. They are large and luscious, highly 
colored and richly flavored, like the apples of 
Maryland. The strawberries and cherries are 
unsurpassed in the State. Other fruits prosper 
well. We predict that Ken Lomond is destined 
to be the. apple orchard of California. 

The lumbering and tan-bark interest is very 
extensive, and offers a sure income to those who 
must needs work while their vineyards and 
orchards grow, wages being from S40 to $75 per 
month. 

The hay grow n on Ken Lomond is of tin; best 
quality, and yields well. Illinois and Missouri 
farmers can judge its excellence as a corn dis- 
trict from a certilicd yield Eton the two acres 
of ground on the ranch of Solomon Blodgctt, 
who gathered 245 bushels of excellent corn 
from that area— P2"_V. bushels per acre. 

The only disease of any kind which has yet 
attacked the orchards is the "curl leaf" among 
the peach trees. They are rapidly recovering 
under the influence of the warmer winds which 
now prevail. Mr. Blodgctt thinks a row of 
spruce trees on the north and west to protect 
them from cold winds would be benelicial. The 
codlin moth has not yet reached this district, 
and by using care not to bring home fruit-boxes 
or sacks in which they might be carried, the or 
chardists of 15en Lomond can keep free from 
insect pests, and preserve for themselves a 
splendid advantage in the nursery business, as 
so many other nurseries of the State arc badly 
infested, and fruit men will prefer st ick which 
is known to be healthy. * 

Want of space precludes our saying all that 
deserves to be said of this delightful district, 
but we say to \ou who want homes, "go and 
see." The hospitality of the people is un 
bounded, the fertility of the soil surpasses the 
most sanguine expectations of any man not a 
Californian, and the wholesome mountain air is 
the surest cure for lung diseases contracted in 
the east and northeast of the United States. 

There are many excellent farms and much 
more excellent land that can be made into 
homes for those who have not the wealth to buy 
the high-priced land of the valleys. The schools 
arc good, and are regularly attended. The people 
are of an energetic class. They are just the 
men who find excellence where other men over- 
look it, and their settlement of Ben Lomond is 
only another illustration of that fact. 

Beit Lomond, Cat Wm. H. Cook. 



French Camp and Farmington. Hay was got 
away in that locality before the heavy rain too, 
but the general crop will be poorer than for 
years for stock, though it is salted in stacking. 
Large compact cocks were little in jured. Con- 
siderable hay near Stockton was stacked before 
the rain. 

I find in looking over the rain tables that rain 
has fallen 12 times in .lune before this heaviest 
of all .lune rains, the tirst record being in 1856, 
.35 of an inch; in 1857, .008; in 1S50. .107; in 
I860, .135; in 1871, 54, etc. A little [over "20 
inches have fallen this year, against 15.45 
inches last season, (i inches of which fell in 
April. 

Hardens are rampant in their lush growth 
and wind mills rest while lieetles and bugs 
have been battered and drowned till they are 
forced to mount some lone shrub. The spring 
has been cloudy and cool and since March llth 
fro-t di I no harm, so the gardens are early, 
potatoes tine, cucumbers on our table since 
•Tune 8th. » 'orn ready too, though rather cool 
for it to till well. Later corn looks fine. Hasp- 
berries and currants have borne wonderfully 
thoukdi few people try to raise them. Drying 
winds and hot suns scorch them here ami grain 
aisers don't like the trouble. Early apricots 
are split and fall. Later ones are covered with 
nubs like shot of a reddish brown fungus. 
Leaf buds pierced through by the moth unfold 
full of holes and often cast, leaving the poor 
little fruit to slowly drop from the resin oozing 
twigs. Teach trees oozed too though they have 
rallied somewhat from curl leaf and peach 
moth and will be about one-fourth what they 
were last season. A week of heat in February 
followed by nights of freezing after the sap had 
risen may be the cause. 

Stockton is lively with the turning out of har- 
vesters, going in every direction to the great 
harvest. Young has bought dowser out we 
hear. The three remaining establishments give 
work to a large number of men, and each ma- 
hinc has staunch advocates, but all must use 
from twelve to twenty horses to keep up good 
motion. The buildings of the Stockton Com- 
bined Harvester are a great addition to the en- 
terprising look of that part of the city, aud give 
work to 130 men. 

A break of 500 feet is covering the fine wheat 
and barley on the lower division of Robert's 
island with water, s,000 acres that would yield 
sixty or seventy bushels to the acre. Union 
island is under water, too. 

Crapes look finely. Early apples arc ripe 
without many worms, the Madeline pear, too, 
but the moth is working in the late fruit. 
Woolly aphis is found in most orchards. 

Stockton, June 24th. Mrs. W. I). Amii.kv. 

Canning -orn, Beans and Peas. 

Khitoks 1'kks.s:— W. W . Lcland, of Auburn, 
furnishes the following founded on expo 
riencc. Take corn in condition for eating, 
slice directly into the can, till as full of corn 
and its milk as ma\ be pressed in; put on cap 
and solder over tight. I'ut into vessel and 
boil for one hour, take out, perforate the top 
with an awl or other convenient instrumemt. 
The steam will escape with a hissing sound, (if 
not with a hissing sound the corn is not good 
and will not save. ) Set away for 48 hours; boil 
again one hour as before, perforate and solder 
again as before, and the corn will keep indefi- 
nitely. The same mode will answer for beans 
and peas. It has been found by experience 
that a longer or shorter time between l»oilings 
will not do so well. M. 

"Placer Co., CaT. 




Stockton Notes. 

EmtuKs I'uk.ss: Two weeks from the heavy- 
rain, beginning -lune 7tb, a two days' series of 
sprinkling was kept up, ending with thunder 
and wind, clear skies and warmer days. Little 
was left for the wind to do, for, during the 
other week of rain, it had twisted the heavy 
grain in all directions, doubling harvest work. 
In some fields Mayweed has risen above the 
lodged heads, and must ripen before the grain 
can be cut. fields very foul with oats have 
been cut for hay, but most of the crop is good, 
with little smut and no rust, yet. On the bot- 
tom- late sown grain looks fine. A few fields 
of early wheat having ripened prematurely will 
probably In- shrunken. Ilarveit is two weeks 
late. A party, cutting 1,400 acres with a young 
harvester in the best condition (cutting 14 ft.) 
say they will be about 70 days. Barley will be 
very high; not much was sown, digh water 
injured some fields. 

Some large and good fields are ripening near 



Early Fruits from Tulare County. 

We recently received from I. II. Thomas, of 
Visalia, Tulare county, a box of assorted fruit, 
containing the Excelsior apricot, a beautiful, 
good-sized and firm fruit, which, it strikes us, 
will be found generally as Mr. Thomas describes 
it — one of the best apricots for shipping long 
distances. There were also a few peach apri- 
cots, well ripened and excellent: also some black 
apricots, very much like small plums in appear- 
ance, and a few figs which ripened at Mr. 
Thomas' place in the foothills back of Visalia 
on -lune 15th. We noticed recently a ship- 
ment of early peaches which Mr. Thomas made 
from his mountain fruit farm, and which he 
claims to produce the earliest pt aches in the 
State. 

In the Tulare Journal we find an account of 
this mountain fruit ranch, which is planted on 
the property of .lames A. lioyd, and which is 
known as the Thomas Boyd orchard. We quote 
a part of the description as follows: 

The orchard is located in the eastern ex- 
tremity of Stoke's valley, and about twenty 
miles northeast from Visalia. Passing out of 
Stoke's valley at the eastern extremity, we 
enter a small valley, embracing probably five 
hundred acres, in the midst of which stands the 
resilience of .lames A. Boyd, the owner of the 
premises. On our way to the orchard the first 
object to attract our attention is a large trough 
of clear water, conducted through pipes to the 
farmyard for the use of stock. Entering the 
first garden of some three hundred trees, and 



observing the greater size of the trees in one 
row, we at once ask the cause of the great dif- 
ference, and are informed that near the row of 
the larger trees is a pipe made of concrete, 
through which a stream of water passes on its 
way from the springs back in the foothills, and 
through which a portion of the water exudes to 
the benefit of trees standing near it, increasing 
immensely not only their size, but also about 
doubling the (juantity of fruit contained on 
them. On inquiry it is ascertained that these 
three hundred trees were planted in IsSl, and 
that they consist of Early May, Alexander aud 
Amsden June peaches, Eureka, Hind's and 
Wood's early apricots, together with oranges 
of the Maltese Blood, Mediterranean Sweet and 
Navel varieties, and fifty additional trees of 
limes. 

About five acres more were prepared this 
season, and about five hundred trees planted to 
the varieties in the older orchard, there being 
added Baker's Early, Musser, Briee's Early and 
Callie's Soaff of peaches, and about rive hundred 
\ ines of Muscat grapes being planted between 
the rows of trees. 

The Irrigation System. 

The distinctive feature in the preparation of 
these grounds for tree planting, is the method 
and pains that have been taken to supply the 
trees with the water necessary to their growth 
and productiveness. Bac't in the foothills are 
two springs. To these, drains have been dug, 
and to convey the water from them without 
loss, a pipe of concrete was made on the prem 
ises. This concrete consists of sand, gravel and 
Portland cement, the proportion being about 
one part of cement to live of gravel and sand. 
Two reservoirs lined with this same concrete, 
have been built at the upper end of the or- 
chard, the two having a storage capacity of 
about 20,000 gallons. The pipes leading from 
the springs have a two inch orifice, the more 
distant spring being about 500 feet from the reser- 
voir and the nearer one about 200 feet. By a sys- 
tem of hydrants made in this stone pipe, for 
such it looks to be, the water from llu two 
springs can be turned into either reservoir or 
thrown out upon the surface of the soil and car- 
ried to any part of the orchard; or being turned 
into the reservoirs it can be taken out again, say 
ten feet below them, or at almost any other dis- 
tance within the limits of the garden, the main 
pine from the tanks running along the back of a 
ridge, and by its hydrants enabling the gar- 
dener to throw the water to the surface at will, 
and then to conduct it in surface ditches to the 
trees aud vines planted f on either sideof the ridge. 
The beauty of many of the devices in this system 
of drains reservoirs and hydrants consists in 
there extreme simplicity and their great useful- 
ness, the control and direction of all the water 
depending wholly upon a plain rubber cork, 
which being attached to the end of a rod and 
thrust into an open tube, will give to the oper 
ator an opportunity simply to quench his thirst, 
or to irrigate an orchard of several hundred 
tree.:. 

It ought perhaps to have been stated before 
that this tract of land is located in a little cove 
within a larger one and is sheltered from all 
winds that shall not go swinging around in a 
circle. Being thus protected by the surround- 
ing hills, and its only opening being towards 
the south east it is bound to be a warm nook 
whenever the sun shall shine into it fairly. 
Added to this great advantage in the produc- 
tion of early fruit, it should be observed that 
the soil composing the track which has been 
selected for the orchard, is chiefly of a rich 
mellow loam veil mixed with sand. 

It ought also perhaps, to have been premised 
that this tract of land has been selected and 
especially prepared and planted for the especial 
purpose of producing the earliest fruit in this 
State of early fruits. The attention of 1. H. 
Thomas was first attracted to this locality as 
being the earliest in the State, by the ripening 
of figs on a tree planted here by .lames S. Boyd 
some eight or nine years since. Those figs 
ripened some ten or fifteen days earlier than 
the same kind in any other part of the county, 
and about five days earlier than at Yacaville, 
heretofore noted for the production of the ear- 
liest fruit on this coast. In 1883 peaches had 
ripened on this ranch by May 17th, and figs by 
May "J7th. This year three boxes of about 
thirty pounds were shipped from Visalia on 
May '27th, the ripening of fruits, varying from 
seven to fourteen, or twenty-one days, accord- 
ing to the season 

The first ripe tigs in the State two years ago, 
came from this orchard, the difference in time 
being five days in advance of fruit grown at 
Winter's Station, a very early locality in Yolo 
county. 

The Prune d'Ent. 

Eiutoks I'ress: — We have been growing the 
1 French prune in this State very successfully for 
many years, yet it does not seem to have oc- 
curred to us that there is a prune imported 
into this State from France which sells in the 
market for three or four times the price of our 
French prune. This prune is marked on the 
glass bottles in which it is imported, " l'runus 
d'Eut, and comes from Bordeaux, The origin 
of this dried fruit seems to be somewhat ob- 
scure. Neither Downing nor any other author- 
ity with which I am acquainted gives any such 
name of plum as d'Ent. 

^ I have a catalogue of Transon Bros. , ( h leaus, 
France, which is near Tours, where the best 
French prunes are made. They men- 



tion no such prune as d'Ent. I»own 
ing says : " The best prunes are made 
near Tours, France, of the St. Catharine 
plum and the i'rune d'Agen, and the best 
French plums (so-called in England I are made 
in Province of the I'erdrigon Blanc, the Brig- 
nole and the prune d'Ast (is the latter the 
same as the Prune d'Ent?). Under the name 
Prune d'Agen, Dowuing gives, as synonyms, 
Prune d'Ast, Kobe de Sergent, Agen Datte, 
I'rune de Brignole, etc. He does not apply the 
terms petU or ijro"-> to the d'Agen, as wc do in 
this State. 

Now we recur to the original question, what 
is the "l'runus d'Ent?" Is it the name of a 
variety of plum or is it the name of a prune la 
prune is a dried plum i mado from a plum of 
some other name. If the latter theory is cor- 
rect what is the name of that plum? If there 
is a plum that we can make a prune of that 
will sell for forty or fifty cents per pound wc 
want it. 

It may l>c suggested that the "l'runus 
D'Ent" is the longest and finest plums of the 
I'etit i'rune d'Agen selected and made with 
unusual care but I don't think that the 
d'Agen ever gets as large as the "l'runus 
d'Ent'' although it may grow under conditions 
in V ranee that would produce a fruit much 
larger than any we have yet grown but I 
hardly think so. 

This subject is one of great interest to the 
people of this State just now in view of the 
fact that the planting of the Petit prune has 
assumed such proportions that prudent people 
are begening to halt and suggest the inquiry: 
What are wc going to do with all the prunes 
which this State will produce in five years 
from this time? Can not some of our expe- 
rienced fruit raisers throw some light on this 
subject? Invuikkk. 

Santa, f 'nr., (.'«'. 



Horticultural Notes. 

Eiutoks Pkkss: To prevent rabbits from in- 
juring trees and vines, take one pound commer- 
cial aloes, dissolve in four gallons of water, ami 
spread over the trees and vines with a whisk 
broom. It is a sure preventive against the rav- 
ages of the hare. It has been tried by several 
persons in the vicinity of Newcastle, with line 
success. 

To make strawberries grow under adverse 
circumstances leave runners to plants six inches 
long and bury the ends in the earth. This will 
draw moisture from a distance, and thus nour- 
ish the plants during dry seasons. It has been 
tried with success by several plantc rs near New- 
castle. M . 

Placer Co., I'al. 



Perching and Food lor Fowls. 

Eiutoks I'R'tss: A friend of the feathered 
world, and no less a friend of mine, dropped in 
upon me a short time since. I noticed at one- 
a sinister look upon his face. Be commenced 
putting question- and rinding fault; at last hi 
said: "1 know you are wrong about perching 
your fowls, and you can never convince me the 
1 best way to hatch our chicks is tu let the hen be 
alone for twenty-four hours after the first hatch, 
and 1 can get just as many eggs out of corn 
'straight' as you can out of all your nonsense. 
Why," said he, "I have lost more chicks tear- 
ing them to themselves than even I could hatch 
in that way.'' 

I asked my friend to be seated and listen to 
my side of the case, for said I, "There is hardly 
a rule in fowl keeping that works successfully, 
that is not founded either on Scientific Off common 
i-cnse principles." 

First of all, perches would be bi tter 
when in houses, always for all breeds close to 
the ground, wc will say one loot from the floor. 
First, because the air radiated by the fowl's 
bodies with all its fo tid smell quickly rises, 
also the escape of all noxious vapors from the 
fowls' droppings. Cold air will rind its place 
when warm air has been displaced as for 
example, the rush of cold air through an open 
window into a room heated by tire. Nearly all 
fowl houses are ventilated in some way from top, 
bottom cracks or otherwise. No matter how 
the fowls act, like a stove their bodies heat the 
surrounding air, the stench is created at the 
point of "heating" and the tendency is for all 
to rise together nearer roof. This much I believe 
is quite clear and you will admit fowls ought to 
be more healthy, perched low amid the better 
air the ordinary house affords. Second, bumble 
foot, is caused from a bruise. A fowl in cramped 
quarters cannot fly afar off in an easy in 
clinc striking the ground lightly as they 
would flying from a "tree roost." The 
fowl in the house must lly nearly straight 
down, striking the floor with all its weight. If 
it chances to light upon its feet, they are per- 
I haps bruised; if the poor bird loses its balance, 
I the breastbone comes in contact with the lioor, 
I which often results in the deformity of that 
part of the bird's structure. Many of your 
I hens owe rupture of the egg bag to the high 
roosting you persist in. 

Care of Chicks. 

The chick, by reason of its unfinished devel- 
opment, should be left alone. Nature has ar- 
ranged that the chick should be nourished by 



Joly 5, 1884.] 



fAeiFie I^URAL PRESS. 



3 



the absorption of the egg bag containing the 
yolk of the egg from which it came. This egg 
■sack holding the yolk is partially exposed in 
the new-born chick, and enters its stomach by 
its connections as the most nourishing food 
nature can give it. The chick needs a high, 
even temperature for about twenty-four hours 
after hatching, and as a hen which steals her 
nest generally comes off' her nest with her whole 
brood, it is quite plain nature arranged for the 
chick:;' benefit, that they should not be fed as 
soon as hatched, nor disturbed, but allowed to 
come from the nest as nature has declared the 
best way. 

I, et me read you what Mr. Tegetmeier (the 
highest [modern authority on poultry) says: 
"We are quite certain that more chickens are 
destroyed by the struggles of the hen, and by 
untimely assistance, than are saved by any aid 
that can be rendered at the period of hatching 
liy th : hand of man or woman either. Chicks 
require neither food nor water on the day on 
which they are hatched, in fact both are inju- 
rious, as they interfere with the natural diges- 
tion of the yolk which is absorbed into the 
bowels at the period of hatching, and consti- 
tutes the first food." My friend remarked, "I 
shall try again both ways and keep strict ac- 
count of results." 

Feeding Fowls. 

Your claim of all corn "against my nonsense" 
I think is poor argument. You cannot produce 
anything from the animal kind without first 
supplying that same substance in food in some 
other form than the way you expect to produce 
it in another. "Manure rich in plant food is 
not produced from straw," because the straw 
contains a very small quantity of nitrogen or 
ammonia, which are the most valuable qualities 
of plant life. Oil cake, on the contrary, is rich 
in nitrogen and ammonia; the manure is conse- 
quently rich. Oil cake also is very productive 
of fat from the quantity of oil it contains. So 
is your corn fattening, but it is not so produc- 
tive of plant food as many other grains. 

We are wandering. The egg is constituted 
of shell, usually about one tenth part (in 
weight) is of carbonate of lime. The white 
(weighs) about one-half the entire egg and is 
of albumen, the remainder of the yolk consists 
of albumen, water and yellow oil. If the hen 
throws oft' these substances daily she must 
either consume these ingredients in food or she 
must draw upon the body for the same, a prac- 
tice that would soon absorb every hen you own. 
All authorities that I know of agree that corn 
is not rich in these requisites for egg making, 
and further they point out the grain and other 
food that contains the constituents of eggs in a 
high degree. These men who have the ability 
to analyze different substances, would not offer 
an opinion unless they knew of its merit. Let 
me again go to Tegetmeier and read you a table 
of comparative value of grains as "egg food." 
Of course we all know our hens must have lime 
in some shape to make shell. 

COMPOSITION OK VARIOUS OKAINS. 



Every 

100 tt)S. of 



Oats contain 

Wheat. 

Middlings .. 

Barley 

Corn 



6 

8 
6 

Less than 



Flesh formir 
food 


a? 3 
o 3- 

o 
(X 

; <N 


w 

en O 

cr 

u c 

1 e 
§ -■ 


Husk or ribei 


B 


• v-. 




: oq 






15 


47 


2 


20 


9 


11 


70 




J 


IS 


18 


58 


\ 




14 


13 


5fii 




13 


14 


12 


65" 


1 




14 



My friend concluded "just give me a copy 
of that table, so I can look it over at leisure; 
your argument is fairly put, but 1 am not yet 
willing to give up without putting your theories 
to practice." I assured him practice was 
what led me to study up my acts, for I always 
contend that we should make it a rule to work 
intelligently and use the experience of years 
that is reduced to moments in books and papers. 

Santa Barbara, Gal. A. W. Canfield. 



JJJhe ^Vineyaf^d. 



Raising Turkeys 

Editors Press: Mrs H. D. Limb of Pilot 
Hill, says that in raising turkies, she used to 
take great pains with the young ones by care 
fully feeding them boiled eggs, lettuce, onion 
tops, etc, and with the result of a large percen- 
age of loss from death Sh s now, till the young 
are three weeks old, keeps the mother confined, 
so that the young can run around near by with 
clear range. During the first three days she 
feeds a very stiff dougli of corn meal, afterwards 
wheat. After three weeks she liberates the hen 
and lets all now at large. Result; fine growing 
and healthy fowls. M . 

That Home-Made Incubator. 

Editors Press : -Why is it that Timothy 
Tugbutton does not give us the result of his 
experience with that home made incubator'.' 1 
received the same directions from the President 
or Secretary of the N. W. Poultry Association 
( I believe that is the name) about three years 
ago, but did not venture to use it. If it is 
cheap and practical, Timothy, "give us your 
figures. S. 

Santa Paula, Cat. 



Severe Tarantula Bite.— J. I). Bentley, a 
wealthy farmer of Modesto, was bitten by a 
tarantula the other day, and in about ten 
minutes afterwards the bite resulted in delirium, 
and almost in death. 



Best Variety of Wiue Grapes. 

At a recent meeting of the Santa Clara Yiti- 
cultural Society an address was delivered by 
.f. B. Portal, the president, on the best varie- 
ties of vines to plant. Mr. Portal is a prac- 
tical man and also has had wide observation 
and his remarks will be read with interest. 
We quote from his address as follows: 

Of the best varieties of grapes to make a 
good marketable shipping wine it may be said 
that two well known types are sure shippers — 
the Roussillions and the Medocs. I will not to- 
day speak of the Medocs — time will not permit 
—but I will on another occasion. Above all I 
wish to be well understood that what I will say 
about any of the grapes that enter into the man- 
ufacture of the above mentioned types shall not 
be detrimental to our true Burgundies, as from 
all times they have been above any of the best 
wines that have been manufactured up to date, 
and their reputation is too well established to 
be questioned. Nor will I disregard our valu- 
able Zinfandel, and many o f her stalwart varie- 
ties too numerous to be mentioned. It would 
take a hundred lectures to do justice to every 
variety. Nor will I attempt to pretend to prop- 
erly and fully represent individually the merits 
of the varieties in question. Time will not 
permit, and I do not wish to tax too long your 
attention. 

The Roussillions. 
The wine known by this name is made in the 
south of France, between forty-one and forty- 
four degrees of latitude, and compose the best 
French (Vin Corses) or heavy canned wines. 
France owes her reputation to her ehipping wine 
from the Roussillion district. The principal 
markets for this wine have been the United 
States and large populated centers. Four varie- 
ties enter into the principal manufacture of this 
unsurpassed wine. They are the Mataro, 
Greache, Carignane and Clairett. 

The Mataro 
Is unquestionably the father of all. It is to 
the Roussillion family what the Pinot is to the 
Burgundy district. Not enough praise can be 
given to this exceptionally privileged grape, tl 
seems that all the first qualities are settled 
on the lucky Mataro. It is the easiest 
grape we have to propagate. Healthy above 
all; grows thriftily; is not particular as 
to location; bears abundantly and iv.ry sea- 
son ; is not subject to frost UoiTot, and 
disease seems to fear it. Its fruit has so 
little attraction as to taste and looks, that 
injury need be feared from passers-by or ani- 
mals. It never fears frost or dampness, and if 
injured by frost it will bring forth a second 
crop. Its wine is of a beautiful deep ruby 
color, of agreeable bouquet, blends well, keeps 
to perfection in every climate, and improves by 
age and by transportation on land or sea more 
than any other wine ever known. This grape, 
gentlemen, is not enough known even by those 
who are fortunate enough to possess it in their 
vineyards. In the St. Helena district they 
think so much of it that they call it "The Cp- 
right Burgundy." Some call it the Meunier, 
which is a fine Burgundy grape. A few years 
ago I heard that the great disadvantage with 
the Mataro was, that it was not a good fer- 
menter, and that the color could not be 
obtained. 

The Mataro is now known to ferment well, 
and I maintain that in case of a dull fermenta- 
tion, if you add to your vat a certain propor- 
tion of well ripe Mataro, picked in the warmest 
part of the day, you will soon see the whole 
mass in fermentation. I visited this week Capt 
Merithew's cellars and sampled his wines, and 
surely his Mataro is his best wine. I am in- 
formed that Mr. Merithew sold the Mataro 
grapes last year, at his vineyard near Yineland 
Junction, to a party in San Francisco, at $35 
per ton, and this year he lias refused a fancy 
pric : for his new wine, because merchants know 
what they can do with the true Matero. 

Chas. A. Wetmore, Chief Executive Viticul- 
tural Officer, says, in his last official annual re- 
port, the chief merits of the Mataro are, viz., 
the vine bears well, and resists early fall rains. 
The fruit contains an abundance of tannin. 
The wine is wholesome, easily fermented, and 
contributes its fermenting and keeping qualities 
to others with which it is combined. A mix- 
ture of Mataro in the fermenting vat with va- 
rieties that ferment with difficulty is often a 
sovereign remedy. In the south of France 
whenever it is well suited in soil, exposure and 
climate, it gives an intensely colored wine. It 
dominates in the vineyards from whicii the 
Roussillion wines of commerce come. When ex 
cessively ripe it combines well in Port wine, and 
if left to become over ripe on the vine and par- 
tially dessicated, after picking it has been com- 
bined with the Muscat of Frontignan, to make 
a superior liqueur wine said to resemble the 
wine of Constance. 

Dr. Jules Guyot, the most celebrated of 
French viticulturist writers, says of this grape 
But of all its advantages, that which should 
cause it to be carefully preserved in Yar, Prov- 
ence, and in all those regions of the Mediter- 
ranean coast of France, where it is cultivated, 
is this — the wines produced by it are unaffected 
by disease; firm, agreeable and salutary to a 
higher degree than the wines of any other va 
rieties of those districts. 

Mr. Pellicot, a later authority, and one most 



competent, says: I believe we should add to 
the judgment of Dr. Guyot, that no other wine 
of our country (the south of France) stands 
transportation by land or by sea, and the equa- 
torial regions better than that of the Mataro. 
The tannin with which it is well provided gives 
it in a high degree preservative qualities. But 
it is at the same time the cause of a bitterness 
which is noticeable in the new wine. 

I believe there are few red wine vineyards in 
California, whether for dry or sweet wines, 
wherein a proportion of Mataro varying from 
ten to to seventy-five percent, will not be a 
positive gain. 

The Grenache. 
This grape is a very strong grower and will 
do well in a dry soil where many other varie- 
ties will not thrive. In damp and rich soil the 
Grenache will be more subject to coulure, which 
is the only fault I know of with that grape, 
except it may be a little tender to early frosts. 
In proper proportions it adds to the Mataro 
wine a fineness and delicacy. It is also madesep- 
arately in the south of France to make a tine des- 
sert sweet wine. But it takes many years to ma- 
ture and must be fermented differently than 
when it is added to the Mataro. I have tasted 
wine of Grenache four years old, made by our 
friend Mr. P. S. Stockton, of Gravel Ridge 
Yineyard, South San Jose, and although yet 
young it shows the remarkable degree of fine- 
ness that the French experts exact cf it. It is 
to be regretted that Mr. Stockton made only a 
small quantity of it. 

The Carignane. 
This grape 1 , although an indispensable associ- 
ate with the Mataro and Orenache, differs en- 
tirely from the last named as to the soil and 
production. It is hardy, not subject to coitlun , 
and brings its crop in good ripened condition in 
dry or wet soil, but will do better in deep soils. 
It succeeds well in the foothills and the moun- 
tains near Saratoga. Its principal role in the 
Roussillions is to add to the Mataro a more per- 
fect body and color. 

The Clairette. 

This grape is white, and is the most 
prolific of the four varieties here mentioned. 
It is added to the Roussillions as a grape of 
quantity and although new blended with those 
wines, it increases the density and fineness, 
and hastens their maturity. Alone it makes a 
very fine white wine if cultivated in warm dry 
soil. It does well at my new vineyard. I have 
not made any separate wine as yet, but will 
this year; and next season we can tell better. 
What I can say to-day, is that all the qualities 
the writers give to that grape are fully de- 
veloped here. It is also a good table grape. 
When I sent it to the last State Convention, 
Mr. Wetmore told me that it was the first 
Clairette he ever saw in California. 

Such are the wines France has shipped to the 
world in various shapes and under various 
names and most of them contained very little 
of the pure juice of the grapes above named. 
But the fact that they came from France has 
caused them to be drank without suspicion, and 
millions of dollars have been sent from the 
United States alone that may be retained at 
home if Congress does its duty and the people 
of the Union theirs. Viticulture will in a short 
time assume the importance now only dreamed 
of. In twenty years from now the wines of 
California will be as favorably known all over 
the world as those of France are to-day. But 
the grandest results are impossible unless viti- 
culturists themselves will awake to the 
importance of their profession and study 
all its details with diligence and persistence. 
Wines cannot be made by chance. Men 
must study what varieties to plant, and 
through all the processes of growth and de- 
velopment must watch carefully and work 
intelligently to secure the high results for 
which California has all the natural resources 
awaiting human intelligence and industry to 
turn thein to the fullest account. 




Storms in Los Angeles County. 

Editors Press : -I give you an account of 
rainfall and casual phenomena at Station La 
Boca, del Shields Canyon, Canyada, twelve 
miles north of Los Angeles City, and about 
2,000 feet above sea level. The station over 
looks Crescents and the region between the 
Sierras and the ocean. For observing distant 
phenomena the field of view is favorable, 
bounded as it is northwardly by the Sierras, 
eastwardly by the mountains towards Arizona, 
southwardly by Catalina Island, the horizon at 
sea, the mountains toward Mexico, and west- 
wardly by the mountains toward Santa Bar- 
bara. The observer is J. H. Shields. Date 
1884 : June 5th, from 2 .'. W. to June "21st, li 
\. w., the rainfall was 2.3 inches; season's rain 
fall previous to June 5th, 59.07 inches: season's 
rainfall to date, 61.35 inches. 

Casual Phenomena. 
June llth there was thunder northeast of 
station and north of the Sierras; June 13th, 
from 3 a, m. to a. m., there was a thunder- 
storm northeast of station, north of the Sierras. 
On the same day, between n^on and 4 r. m., 
there were three distinct but simultaneous 
J thunder-storms, each also a rain-storm, were 
I within the horizon of the station. The clouds 



of each storm formed black and broad over the 
sea, moved toward the Sierras, rained all the 
way, hailed, narrowed and shortened, discharg- 
ing less and less rain as they receded from the 
sea. They were without visible or audible 
electric phenomena until within about six miles 
of the mountains. At this distance from the 
mountains each rain-storm began to be also a 
thunder-storm. Two of the storms continued 
to approach the mountains, and finally leaped 
over them. As these two storms moved nearer 
to the mountains than six miles they grew 
darker, broader and longer, thundered more 
frequently, the peels grew louder, the periods 
of resonance lengthened, and they were all the 
while discharging continually increasing rain. 
One of the storms yielded over seven distinct 
peels of thunder. At the point of distance from 
the mountains at which the rain began to fall, 
also thunder-storms, the duration of resonant 
of the peels was from one to three seconds, 
which nearer the mountains attaineda maximum 
duration of nine seconds. 

The third storm suddenly changed its course, 
slowly increased its distance from the moun- 
tains, ceased to exhibit electric phenomena, 
and was speedily dissipated. Qbser\ ER. 



ERIGUbTURE. 



Meeting of the State Board of Silk 
Culture. 

The State Board of Silk Culture met June 
26th at their headquarters in the Granger.-' 
building, Dr. C. A. Buckbee presiding. 

Among the correspondence read by the Sec- 
retary was a letter from H. H. Young, Secre- 
tary of the Minnesota Board of Immigration, 
announcing that residents of the State had suc- 
cessfully experimented with the mulberry tree, 
and that a considerable quantity of cocoons had 
been sold. 

Mrs. Barker of the Executive Committee re- 
ported that at their last meeting it was decided 
to make an exhibition of silk culture at the 
State F^air, to be held at Sacramento in Sep- 
tember. The committee recommended that a 
committee be appointed to act with another 
from the Silk Culture Association in making 
the necessary arrangements. It was also an- 
nounced that, on account of the inability to se- 
cure suitable rooms, considerable difficulty was 
experienced in properly stifling cocoons, and the 
Secretary had been notified to inform producers 
to that effect. 

On motion, the Chairman was authorized to 
select a committee to act in conjunction with 
another from the Silk Culture Association. 

The Committee on Cocoons reported that 
this year's samples showed a decided improve- 
ment. 

Dr. Gibbons, who was called upon to reporf 
progress in Alameda county, stated that he had 
visited Mr. Carter's place in Oakland, where 
there were 70,000 worms ranged on hurdles 
about a large room, and (iO.OOO more were com- 
ing on. Cenerally the worms were healthy, 
but the loss from muscardine must have 
amounted to 25 per cent. The committee had 
agreed to take 100 pounds of cocoons from Mr. 
Carter. There were four or five persons who 
began silk culture during the last season. Dr. 
Hess has about 1,000 worms and got seventeen 
ounces of cocoons. Miss Fllery has about 700 
silkworms which were fed on the white mul- 
berry and produced cocoons of good size. Ffc 
suspected that the young lady followed out 
the doctiine of the survival of the fittest and 
cultivated only the strong and healthy. Miss 
Thornton had 2,000 silkworms that were get- 
ting along finely. Miss Banter at the outset 
had a large number of silkworms, but when she- 
came to provide food for them they were like a 
white elephant. Many were given away. She 
probably had about 5,000 silkworms. 

The Chairman announced that Mr. Carter 
had delivered about SO pounds of cocoons. 

The Superintendent reported that on April 
22d he removed the silk worms to San Rafael 
and took a number of scholars. They obtained 
more than 150 pounds of cocoons of the first 
^rade, the rest being second. Mrs. Woodward, 
of Penn's Crovc, was very successful, and she 
would have about SO pounds of cocoons. 

The Chairman read a condensation of inhu- 
mation sent by Minister Tart, of Vienna, which 
showed that the Austrian Government fostered 
the industry by instruction at the Royal Insti- 
tute and by giving practical assistance to culti 
vators. Statistics of the cocoon harvest in the 
empire, from 1805 to 1881, show a product of 
30,028,703 kilogrammes, or over 07,000,000 
pounds. This, Dr. Buckbee thought, ought to 
encourage sericulture in this country, where the 
mulberry flourished in its greatest perfection 
and the climate was superior to that of Aus- 
tralia. Then the State and National Covern 
ments were disposed to give reasonable aid to 
foster the industry. These advantages, to- 
gether with the intelligence of the people, should 
enable them in a few years to earn millions of 
dollars by silk culture at their homes. 

Luminoi's PAPER. — A foreign contemporary 
says that a luminous waterproof paper, which 
may be of use in places not well adapted for the 
application of the so-called luminous paint, may 
be made from a mixture of 40 parts pulp, 10 
parts phosphorescent powder, 1 part of gelatine, 
1 part of potassium bichromate and 10 parts of 
water. 



PA6IKI© I^URAL PRESS. 



[July 5, L884 



J?;fcTI-{pNS OF J^USB^NDRY. 

<:orrespondcn''e on (.'.range principles and work and re. 
ports of transactions of subordinate Oranges are respect- 
fully solicited for this department. 

Alhambra. 



The Home of Dr John Strentzel. 
Of all the homes we have visited in Califor- 
nia, none arc more grandly situated than the 
new mansion of Dr. J. Strentzel. It is located 
on a small knoll, just large enough foe a gen- 
erous-sized country home, just high enough to 
command a good view of his large, wisely 
planned and well kept orchard, vineyard, gar- 
den, circular carp pond and surrounding fields. 
The site is above, overlooking, and yet seeming 
a part of all that makes up a lovely scene, rare 
in undulating hills, gentle slopes, and rich in 
shapely, thrifty, harmoniously blended farms of 
fruit and ornamental growths. Martinez and 
Benicia, with the bay between, and rolling hills 
' and solemn mountains beyond, form an ever- 
pleasing foreground. Mount Diablo, with often 
varying tints and features, forms a noble pic- 
ture in an opposite direction, and on side aud 
rear, near and friendly hills protect the fruitful 
vale of Alhambra. 

To visit the cultivated orchard and vineyard, 
planted and reared by Dr. Strentzel. and listen 
to facts gained by hini, through thirty years of 
constant practice and observation, affords a 
source of concentrated information, available 
from no other source, so readily, if at all, which 
must be of incalculable value to any new cul- 
turist in our special and remarkable field of hor- 
ticulture on this coast, and we hope some day 
the same will be put in print for our Ri kal 
readers 

in bestowing one of the l>est and most success- 
fully cultivated fruit farms in the State upon 
his daughter Louise and hei husband and at an 
advanced age building new and better than 
before, from the experience of a temperate and 
industrious life, Dr. Strentzel has done well and 
nobly. 

Joining his new place on the south is the sixty 
acre place first planted and cultivated by the 
doctor, now owned and managed personally by 
his sou in law, 

Mr. John Muir. 

the well known author and explorer, who (to 
the surprise of some knowing sages) seems 
i|uite successful in his new undertaking. Fie 
has added about sixty acres more of choice 
orchard and vineyard to the place, mostly on 
the hillsides, and which we noticed as being 
remarkably thrifty and uniform in appearance. 

Tasty improvements of a substantial char- 
acter have been lately made by Mr. Muir in 
the way of artificial stone walks, floors, tank 
attachments, etc., which, with his evident 
attachment for his beautiful three-year-old 
daughter and devoted wife, seem to indicate a 
stay at-home hold fastened upon him. Still we 
hear the evidences from his own lips of the 
strong desire of an adventurous and investi- 
gating mind to yield to the incentive of a duti- 
ful feeling to finish the work of exploration 
begun by him, and so ably reported as to be of a 
world-wide interest. Therefore, we may again 
heal from him abroad. 

Joining Mr. M nil's place southward is the 
new fruit farm of the late State Superinten- 
dent of I'ublic Schools, 

Hon. John Swett. 

Me has sixty acres of the most excellently 
laid out hill ami valley planting. He has ad- 
hered to one base line throughout. Careful 
preparations of the ground was made for 
planting, ami continuously thorough and tine 
cultivation has been bestowed. Not a weed is 
noticeable in his fields, lie has about thirty 
acres of trees and the same of vines. The 
widow and son of Mr. Samuel Williams, (so 
1 >ng emineiit a< the able editor of the S. F. AV< ■> 
in-j Bulletin,) have a fine place just started 
adjoining Mr. s W etts on the cast. The little 
valley containing them is woll shut in and 
forms a gem in the hills between Martinez and 
Mount Diablo. 

lecturer's Communication. 

Subject for July. 1884. 

Question 04. Is the subject ol tariff getting to be 
understood? 

Svggi itioHa. Patrons arc deeply interested 
in the tariff question, and should .study it well 
and uuderstandingly . 

Much has been said legislatively and politi 
• •ally on tariff for the past four years. But are 
we any nearer the solution of the tariff problem, 
upon its merits, than we were when the agita- 
tion commenced ! 

The difficulty is, there is too much selfishness 
that prohibits an impartial consideration of the 
subject upon its merits ; self-interest, political 
popularity and partisan ambition govern too 
much the leading agitation of the question. 

Tariff, whether it be classed a burden or a bles- 
sing, should be equitably distributed upon the 
principles of justice. The regulation of the 
present tariff discriminates against agriculture, 1 
inasmuch as it exacts heavier duties on importa- 
tions that enter largely into agricultural sup- 
plies. 

The question should be carefully considered 



upon its merits and from an unselfish and non- 
partisan standpoint. 

Learn what kind of manufactured goods, if 
any, require governmental protection to con- 
tinue the manufacturing, if we lind that some 
need protection and others do not, we must 
then loam what should be free and what should 
not. 

If tariff is necessary to protect American 
labor, so as to receive sufficient remuneration 
for services to enjoy the comforts of life, raise 
and educate their children into useful citizen- 
ship, instead of being forced into competition 
with the pauper labor of Europe, then tariff is 
right, for we must supply our millions with the 
means of earning a livelihood. 

If tariff does not add to the comforts of la- 
borers, but to the profits only of well paid 
capital, then tariff is wrong. While honest 
labor is worthy of encouragement, and may 
need stimulating, capital may at the same time 
become over-greedy and require restrictions. 

Tariff, whether for protection or revenue 
only, may be difficult to regulate with justice 
to all, but surely it can be done more in har- 
mony with justice and to the general welfare 
than any system yet proposed either in or out 
of Congress. 

Extremes on either side of important ques- 
tions are generally errors. 

We must manufacture our own supplies as 
far as possible for us to do. We cannot afford 
to drain our country of its cash for foreign im- 
portation, neither can we afford, nor is it just, 
to exact tariff on manufactured goods to gratify 
the greed of capital only. Justice and not sel- 
fishness must be the guide in the solution of 
this question. 

The following questions present themselves 
for consideration in discussing the subject: 

1. Would the repeal of a protective tariff 
discontinue or hinder the manufacturing inter- 
ests of this country .' 

•J. What would be the effect in the markets 
on agricultural products, if manufacturing to 
any extent was discontinued'/ 

3. What would be the effect upon our moue 
tary system by exporting our cash for foreign 
importations? 

4. Would it be wise to prohibit the importa- 
tion of such goods as we can manufacture at 
home, and remove the tariff from the samer 

5. Is it more necessary to protect labor in 
manufacturing than it is to protect it in the 
production of the raw material for the same 
goods': H. EBHBAUGTf, 

Hanover, Mo. Lecturer National I! range 



Resolutions of Respect. 

EDITORS Press: At a special meetiug of the 
Newcastle Grange, held this date, the following 
was submitted: 

William J. I'rosser, died May 1, 1884. A 
member of Newcastle Grange No. "241, P. of 
H. It is with sorrow that we realize the an 
nouncenient of Bro. I'rosser 's death. We feel 
that the Orange has lost a good member, one ever 
alive to its better interest;aBrother coulial inhis 
intercourse, kind and affable. We believe that our 
community has lost a good member, that his 
family has been bereft of a kind husband and 
father, and as an expression of sympathy for 
our Sister his widow it is ordered that a 
copy of this be sent to her, with the assurance 
of our lasting well wishes for her welfare, hop- 
ing that her sorrow may be tempered by the 
thought that "He doeth all things well." 

K. M. Nixon, W. M. of J4I. 

I'cnryn, June X8tk. 



Walnut Creek Grange. 

We learned through Bro. Nathaniel Jones, 
that the trustees have sold a lot and reserved 
another one quite eligible for building upon, 
just southeast of town, on the road leading to 
Danville. The Orange owns its furniture and 
it is thought by members best to build goon. 
We know of no way in which I'atrons can do 
more to build up the reputation and perma- 
nent prosperity of ,tbe Grange, than by build- 
ing it a comfortable and permanent home 
when able to do so. Let all members do some- 
thing, according to their ability, ami the Orange 
will be benefited in various ways by working 
thus unitedly and showing the entirecommunity 
that they have a cause worth honoring and 
perpetuating. 



Grange Items. 

I'lacerville ( Irange is reported prospering with 
good meetings, and new members on the road. 

Plymouth < I range has adopted the "Mortuary 
Benefit" resolution passed upon at the lastnuet- 
ing of the State Orange. 

Okanle Hakmosv. — A (irange cannot pros- 
per when there are dissensions within its ranks, 
and yet there are too many cases where trifling 
causes lead to differences of opinion that termi- 
nate in hurtful disagreements and lasting ill 
will. From whatever causes disagreements of 
an unpleasant character may appear, they should 
be adjusted speedily, or if that course be not 
possible, the persons immediately concerned 
should agree to disagree. A pitiful thing in 
many of the dissensions that disturb prosperity 
of Oranges is in the triviality of exciting causes | 
and of the disagreements themselves. It may 
be that ruflled temper is the immediate cause: 
in any case, the origin of such difficulties may 
be found in the imperfection of human nature. 
We are not yet completely and wholly civilized; 



there is in our natures too much assertion of 
animal propensity or savage desire. The mis- 
sion of the Orange is to subdue what is savage 
in human character, but its progress must 
necessarily be slow, when members yield to im 
pulse and go astray while judgment dictates 
plainly a wiser course. 

A Teyiksi aeitk.— Weare pleased to learn that 
Hermann Cordes, (formerly of Tcmescal, near 
Oakland, and still a charter member of that 
(irange) has one of the best laid out and culti- 
vated fruit farms in this State, located a few 
miles north-west of Oilroy. Matthew Cook 
says it suits his idea of a model place the best 
of any he has yet seen. Forty acres is in 
orchard and eighty in vineyard. His grapes 
sold for table use last season brought .*"0 per 
ton. It is eight years since Mr. Cordes left 
Temescal, and although busy in building up 
splendidly so perfect a place, his old Temescal 
(irange associates would hardly consider him as 
growing old with the (irange in appearances at 
least. 

Homes of Correspondents. 

It seems human nature to wish to see those 
who write beautiful thoughts for our reading. 
We are often quite as anxious to see thost who 
sharply criticise us. This feeling is common to 
all. There is also a special interest which the 
newspaper conductor feels, when he meets for 
the first time some contributor, whose writing 
has done much to add to the excellence of the 
journal. 

We think the conductor of a rural newspaper 
enjoys a closer association with his co-workers 
than exists between other classes of newspaper 
builders. Although often we have approached 
the homes of our rural contributors with great 
diffidence, we have never been disagreeably dis- 
appointed, or long felt us a stranger under the 
roof. The general wonder is how the occupants 
can do so much, and do all so well. In nine 
cases nut of ten, those who write frequently for 
the Press are the greatest workeis and accom 
plisher8 in the community. 

Recently good fortune brought us to the home 
of "I. H., ' a mile south of Walnut ( reek. One 
of the finest roads in all California is that from 
Walnut Creek to Danville, eight miles, and even 
all along the San Kamon valley and on through 
the oak and sycamore and tangle-green groves 
to Sunol and Pleasanton. There are splendid 
floor-like roads, rich land, with hay and grain 
fields, bordered and sheltered by warm and 
fruitful hills, gracefully harmonizing with the 
higher and steeper mountain sides and sharper 
peaks behind them, and displaying ever vary- 
ing scenes of sunshine and shadow. Such scenes 
constantly delight the "passer-by" on this 
route. 

From such a road we turned at twilight, and 
crossing a neat white bridge, came suddenly 
upon a charming little home, full of life and 
good cheer. It is fairly hidden with fruits and 
flowers in variety. A precipitous hillside close 
by, with a neat Jersey quietly feeding upon it, 
furnished a fitting background. A trio of 
cheery neighbors drop]>ed in during our IS min 
utee' call, whom we were glad to meet for even 
so short a time with our pleasing hostess. Her 
husband is a "clipper" captain, now content to 
man the place and sail the briny sea no longer. 
With a qiiaitet of boys, summer visitors, a 
music lesson circuit of a score of miles, "I. H." 
still finds time to write the many praiseworthy 
thoughts now so constantly looked for in the 
columns of the Rckal. 




KoLHTEM Cataeokie. — We have received a 
copy of Smiths A Powell's latest catalogue, 
ffontaining pedigrees of upwards of 300 head 
now in their herd. In addition to those cata- 
logued their importation for this year willnum- 
bnt upwards of 400 head, of which inure than 
'J(H) have already arrived and are now in 
quarantine. As soon as the term of quarantine 
expires they will be removed to the farms at 
Syracuse. These together with the stock al- 
ready at Lakeside, will give t«> intending pur 
chasers a larger and choicer lot from which to 
make selections than can be found auy where 
else, without visiting a large number of herds 
and involving several long and tedious railway 
jonrneya. Every animal imported is selected by 
a member of the firm in person, is of individual 
merit, and from superior sires and deep-milking 
dams. The lot consists of some yearling-bulls 
and bull calves, several choice cows, of noted 
strains, and an unusually line lot of yearling- 
heifers and heifer-calves, and is decidedly finest 
lot ever imported by the firm. 

Santa Criz Fki it Cannkrv.— Our corres- 
pondent W. H. Cook writes: We take pleas 
nre in mentioning the siicccis of B. E. Lloyd 
i\ (Vs. fruit cannery of Santa Cruz. This 
firm selects choice fruit from the excellent 
orchards of Santa Cruz Co., and handle all 
their fruit in the most thorough manner. 
Their "Santa ( 'ruz' 1 brand bears the cross of 
Santa Cruz as a trade mark. The design is 
unique and the goods excellent. 

Tmk Chautauqua movement has been extend- 
ed to include the young folks, who already have 
a "Heading Union." They are now to have 
an illustrated periodical of high character, 
which will be issued in July by the Publishers 
of the far famed Wide Await magazine, D. 
Lothrop * Co., Boston, who will send it free 
for two months to any of our readers who may 
request it. 



CALIFORNIA 



Alameda 



Tun Hay Losses. — Livermorc Herald, June. 
19: In Murray Township, fully two third r 
of the entire hay crop Ian unusually large one 
both in area and yield) was lying in the field, 
in the various stages of making, but little, how 
ever, having been properly bunched, or in any 
way protected from the full force of the storm. 
The greater portion of this hay is almost worth- 
less for general use, though when well salted in 
the stack, it will do fairly well for cattle. It is 
useless for horses. Where well put up, however, 
the center of each bunch is good, being but lit- 
tle damaged. About one-half is thus saved. Of 
the amount lost, it is difficult to make an esti- 
mate. Almost every farmer loses more or less 
— some ranging as high as 300, 500, 700, and in 
one instance, '2,000 tons. The total amount of 
hay in the field in Murray Township, during 
the rain cannot fall much short of Di.OOO tons, 
worth about S100.000. Of this perhaps one- 
sixth will do for general use, while two-thirds 
of the balance will be stacked for cattle. Some 
is being burned, and large areas, lying in the 
swath, will be allowed to remain on the ground. 

Livxkmobk Crops. Herald, Jane 53: From 
a careful examination of crops in all portions of 
the Valley, we find the outlook for 1H84 to be 
as follows: Estimated acreage to wheat, TO, 
000, acreage to barley, 5, 000 acres. Estimate 
of wheat for export, "25,000 tons; barley, 3,000 
tons. The prospects for this year are probably 
seventy-live per cent better than last season. 
The amount of old grain now on hand on farms 
and in warehouses available for export, is less 
than 1,000 sacks, and of old hay about 150 
tons. The 11 uial amount of hay shipped from 
this station is s,000 tons. From careful esti- 
mates we will this year have not over 3,500 
tons of hay fit for export. Our hay brings a 
higher price than any hay raised in the State, 
it being exported to Panama, the Sandwich 
Islands, Suuth America, Texas, Arizona, Ne- 
vada, New Mexico, and to all parts of Oali 
fornia, and some few ear load3 have been 
shipped to Australia. 

Butte. 

Jl'NK Uk.\m;i.>. Oroville RtffitHf June 19: 
Perhaps there is no better judge in California of 
a fine orange than Isaac Ketchum, of Bidwell's 
Bar. At any rate he raises from his famous 
tree at that place some of the best oranges in 
the State Last winter several parties in Oro 
ville desired to obtain samples of his fine fruit but 
he said no, the fruit is not rine yet. He waited 
until the warm Bun of June had kissed the 
golden fruit and this week sent three packages 
of oranges to Messrs. Peachy, Braddock and 
Shaw. The fruit brought from Los Angeles is 
much inferior to the samples sent. Round, 
smooth and solid without a speck or mark of 
black stain such as covers the fruit from South 
ern California. The flavor was fine beyond 
comparison and the orange w as as rich and sweet 
and juicy as a ripe luscious peach. Mr. 
Ketchum was right, June rather than January 
is the time to pluck the orange if you want a 
perfect fruit. 

Habvkstinu, — Record; The north wind of 
the past day or two lias been very favorable in 
its effects on the standing grain and the work 
of harvesting has been begun to-day on a pret- 
ty extensive scale. From every locality comes 
the report that the work of harvesting ia pro 
pressing. Some are at work with reapers and 
binders where the grain is badly lodged, but 
generally the headers provided with lifters, arc 
found competent to secure the grain. The 
season has been too damp for heading and 
threshing, and the work is'principally confined 
to heading and stacking. It is said that the 
• half is quite open and the grain liable to shell. 
Several outfits departed for Colusa county 
where extensive fields on the red lands back of 
the river afford splendid crops without mate 
rially increasing the work of harvesting. With 
anything like settled weather, the large crop of 
the present year will be successfully harvested. 
Let us hope it will command a remunerative 
price in the market and enable our farmers to 
go ahead another year with increased confi- 
dence in California seasons. 

Calaveras. 
The STORMS. San Andreas Ci'i .eii: The re- 
cent rains have done considerable damage to the 
crops in this section. The greatest lossia in the 
hay crop, a large acreage of which laid out 
through the entire storm. Barley comes next 
in the estimate of damage. It is badly lodged, 
in many places being flat on the ground, and 
great difficulty will be experienced in harvest 
ing it. The whoat, save in a few instances, has 
sustained 110 great injury. 

Contra Costa 

Hay f iQiHUTI — Martiuez t i aat U t: farmers 
are quite despondent over the loss sustained by 
the late rains; the hay crop was almost a total 
failure with many of them. Crain is looking 
well, and promises an average yield; thus 
looking upon the "brighter side " we have rea. 
son to be thankful that times are no worse. 

Fresno. 

TilK GOODMAN Vineyard, — Republican: The 
Goodman Vineyard, adjoining Barton's on the 
east, is one of the most carefully* and neatly 
cultivated of Fresno vineyards. This vineyard 



July 5, 1884.] 



fA6IFie RURAL fRESS. 



5 



is the home of the well-known author and 
journalist, Joseph T. Goodman, who is at pres- 
ent abiding under his own vine and fig tree. 
Thirty acres of this vineyard were planted four 
years ago, before its purchase by Mr. Goodman. 
Only about one-half of these vines grew, and 
the vacant places have since been filled out by 
replanting. The entire vineyard, which con- 
sists of this thirty acres of bearing vines and 
sixty acres of one-year-old vines, is planted to 
raisin grapes, making a vineyard of ninety 
acres. There are 1.30 acres in the tract, the re- 
maining forty being devoted to grain, pastur- 
age, a family orchard, and grounds surrounding 
the residence. The latter is situated near the 
east line, an avenue planted with poplars lead- 
ing to it from the west side. The residence, the 
surrounding grounds, raisin packing house, 
stables, etc., are all arranged with an eye to 
taste, convenience and comfort. During Mr. 
Goodman's absence of several months the past 
winter and spring, Mrs. G. has had full charge 
of the vineyard, and has managed the work in 
progress very successfully. The first raisins on 
this vineyard were made last season, the pro- 
duct of fifteen acreB of bearing vines being 400 
boxes. The yield this year will be consider- 
ably larger. 

Kern . 

Thk Grasshoppers. — Califomian, June 28: 
Almost every year the drier portions of Kern 
valley, those most distant from the point 
where the river leaves the foothills, are visited 
by grasshoppers. They do not remain long 
and thus far their depredations have been con- 
fined to the alfalfa fields. This year is not an 
exception to the general rule of their annual 
visits. They reached here some time ago and 
the time of their leaving has almost come. 
We hear of several alfalfa fields where they 
have stripped the plants of their leaves and 
taken their departure. The visitation prom- 
ises not to be as bad as it was last year. They 
never in jure but one crop of alfalfa, usually the 
second one. It is never destroyed — merely de- 
preciated in value about one-third. 

Lake. 

Tin: First Artesian Wri.i.. Kelseyville 
Journal: The first successful artesian well in 
this county was struck by Thos. Haycock on 
his ranch in Scott's valley last week, at a depth 
of 85 feet. The How obtained was an astonish- 
ment to Mr. Haycock, as well as to his neigh- 
bors, as it is so strong as to puz/.le him how to 
take care of the water. The stream has force 
enough to throw it about six feet above the 
pipe (six inches in diameter), and the result is 
that Mr. Haycock's ranch has been threatened 
with submersion. Me has had to keep a force of 
men digging ditches to carry off the water. This 
achievement is an important event as showing 
the practicability of irrigation from artesian 
water. If artesian water can be had in Scott's 
valley, it is probable that it. can be gotten in 
other sections of the county. If so, the grow- 
ing of alfalfa would receive a great impetus, 
and other problems in agriculture would be 
sol ved. 

Monterey. 

Crops.- Democrat: Out in the Tasajera 
country, where the rainfall last week wax 
inches, we were greatly disturbed by appre- 
hensions of damage to crops and hay in this val- 
ley. Since our return on Saturday last, with 
the establishment of dry weather, fanning mat- 
ters have taken a cheerful aspect. Of course 
the hay which was cut before the rains is a dead 
loss. There will, however, be a plenty of cut 
and cured and the ground, on which the ruined 
hay stood, for the most part doubtless be utilized 
for other purposes. The barley that was lodged 
by the rains is not lost. Most of it will be. har- 
vested, though at a greater cost than usual. It 
must be added that the barley crop generally 
is stained by the wet and its market value 
therefore reduced 15 to 20 per cent. Some rust 
shows itself in wheat but with that exception 
the harvest will have been rather benefited by 
the rains than otherwise. The oat crop in the 
valley, from about 10,000 acres as estimated, 
will be very good in quality and quantity. 

Napa. 

Salting Hay.- St. Helena Times.- Mr. T. B. 
Islington is using salt on his damaged hay, and 
thinks it will have a good effect in the way of 
preserving it. Much of his crop was injured by 
the rain. He uses the salt liberally on layers 
of a depth of four feet, and ten pounds usually 
answer for about each ton. We think it would 
be well for farmers generally, who have dam- 
aged hay, to adopt the same course. The ex- 
pense is very trifling, as salt is only about a 
cent a pound, and the use of it on the hay not 
ouly helps to preserve, but it is a benefit to the 
stock using it. 

Fkesi hGrapesinCaufokniaStar. — Among 
the grapes now growing in nursery at Brim it 
Go's, of Qakville, are the Cabernet Sauvignon, 
the Miller of Burgundy (the base of the 
Sautemes, and a beautiful vine whose occa- 
sional white leaves look floured or dusted, and 
give it its miller prefix) and the Petite Pinat. 
The latter has not borne well, either this year 
or last, but other varieties produce much bet- 
ter here than in France, and indeed some to 
which their light bearing is a very serious ob- 
jection in that country produce very satisfac- 
torily here. Whether this improvement upon 
migration is due to better soil or climate, to the 
mere fact of removal, or to other causes, is 
something which perhaps our learned profes- 
sors can tell us. Climate is unquestionably bet- 
ter here than there; soil can no doubt be made 



as good in France as anywhere else; many- 
plants, however, are benefited, like some people, 
by a mere removal- -a change. Is the grape 
one of these? 

San Diego, 

Lonc Kept ORANGES. — National City Record: 
Yesterday we had the pleasure of eating an 
orange that was picked from the tree eighty 
two days ago. This orange was evidently as 
fresh and fragrant as the day it was picked. 
The process of preserving this king of fruits 
from decay, is the invention of Mr. Frank A. 
Kimball. A box of eighty-four oranges (navels) 
were preserved by Mr. K., and not opened until 
after fifty days, when they were found as 
fresh and good as ever, and they have been 
opened occasionally ever since, until yester- 
day again one of this lot was tried. 

San Luis Obispo. 

Grass HOPPERS. — Tribune: Swarms of grass- 
hoppers in countless numbers have appeared 
in different places in the county. At present 
they infest only circumscribed localities, or 
parts of single farms, but the insects are yet 
small and may spread over greater areas. They 
emanate from uncultivated ground but going 
with the wind, and growing as they go, they 
devour all tender herbage in their line of 
inarch. A first crop of these started out about 
the time of the June rain, which destroyed the 
greater number. Fears are entertained that 
the present hoppers will plant the seed for an 
increased number next year and we hope the 
farmers will take such measures as are in their 
power to ascertain their depositing ground that 
their eggs may be destroyed. 

Solano. 

Croi's. — Vallejo Chronicle, June 27: It looks 
as if Solano would send about as many bags of 
grain to market as usual, though the average, 
is much less this year. The heavy rain of 
week before last ruined all the hay out of doors, 
and four fifths of the crop was down, there be- 
ing no surplus of any quantity over from last 
year, and hay will be scarce. The damage 
to grain was something, but not so much as at 
first supposed. The slight rain on Sunday and 
Monday did no harm. 

Sonoma. 

The Hessian Fly. — Argmi In our issue of 
April 19th we called attention to the fact that 
the Hessian fly was among us in such large num- 
bers as to give just cause for alarm. We are 
satisfied from what we have since seen and 
heard that the danger to future wheat and bar- 
ley crops is even greater than was stated at that 
time. Wilfred Page, of the Cotate ranch, near 
this city, recently sent Matthew Cook, of Sacra- 
mento, a specimen of his Hessian fly grubs in 
the flaxseed state. Mr. Cook pronounces them 
the veritable and much-dreaded Hessian flies, 
and proposes the same remedy suggested in the 
A tigm, and that is to burn all the stubble and 
infested straw, and plow under the roots of the 
grain. Mr. Page reports that he has carefully 
observed 700 acres of wheat this season that has 
been reduced by this insect from one third to 
one-h.ilf of what it otherwise would have been. 
In this climate three broods of the fly will be 
hatched out in each year, and each female fly 
will lay over 100 eggs, from which it may be 
seen that if our farmers wish to continue raising 
wheat and barley they must wage a relentless 
war against this pest. Kvery farmer in the in- 
fected region must burn his stubble. It should 
be a general thing, and no field should be spared 
till the danger is past. A word to the wise is 
sufficient. 

Tulare. 

Raspberries. — Tulare Register; An im- 
pression prevails that raspberries are not pro- 
lific in the San Joaquin Valley. Many claim 
to have tried to grow this most delicious berry 
in different sections, only to meet with failure 
and disappointment. Daniel Woods, proprie- 
tor of the celebrated Woods ( iardens, near 
Farmersville in this county, has, we believe, 
proved beyond the shadow of a doubt that the 
red-cap raspberry can be successfully and most 
profitably grown here. Mr. Woods has be- 
tween two and three acres of these vines rang- 
ing from one to three years old, and all bearing 
nicely. Wednesday evening Mr. Woods had 
over one hundred boxes of berries f"Otn his 
bushes as the result of the days picking. 
Thursday morning he found a ready market 
in Tulare for 99 boxes at 16S cents per box, 
making $16.50 for the lot. He could have dis- 
posed of three or four times the quantity at 
the same rate. 

Stai r Xour Wheat Straw. Let no man 
burn or waste a pound of straw this season. 
True we have had a very wet season, but it is 
possible that next season may be a very dry 
one, though we hope for the contrary. The 
late rains have damaged the hay on the plains 
very muoh, and the crop is also badly damaged. 
Hay will command a price this fall, and may 
reach fabulous prices next season. It is certain 
to do so if next season is a dry one. If this 
year's crop of straw is saved and properly 
stacked it will go far toward preventing a fam- 
ine among stock, should a drouth come upon 
us. Even in good seasons, straw is handy to 
have on the place. There should be a large 
stack of it in every alfalfa pasture as a pre- 
ventative of bloating. By all means save the 
straw. 

A Sea ok (train. — Delia, June 26: Agentle- 
man who has just visited that section lying 
between the railroad and the mountains and 
south from Visalia to the Tule river, informs 



us that no part of Tulare county has produced 
finer looking fields of wheat than are to be 
seen there. The red, clayey hog-wallow land 
near the foothills produces as well as any other. 
In many places a person may stand on the seat 
of a high wagon and see nothing but the yel- 
lowish brown and brownish yellow of the 
wheat and barley fields, with here and there a 
farmhouse or barn standing like a little islet in 
the sea of gold. In the foothills much of the 
grain is badly lodged by the unusually late 
storms of the present season, particularly the 
barley and Sonora wheat. The white wheat 
stands well where the Sonora has fallen, al- 
though in an ordinary season the latter is the 
best. On the plain near the foothills there is 
also a considerable area of grain lodged, but 
the amount decreases as one travels west. But, 
on the whole, there has never been so favorable 
a season as this, and never has the valley 
looked so well, or the prospects been so good. 

High Water. — Visalia Delta, June 26: Tu- 
lare ( 'ounty is threatened with serious loss 
by reason of high water. The last rains left 
the snow low down on the mountains, and the 
hot weather is bringing it down with a rush. 
Kings, Kern, Kaweah and other rivers are 
more than bank full, and the many creeks and 
sloughs threading the low level lands, have all 
the water they can safely carry. The waters 
of Tulare lake are steadily rising, and have al- 
ready overspread a large area of cultivated 
land. The waters of Kern river having broken 
the levees are now pouring into the lake — hav- 
ing filled up Kern and Buena Vista lakes — 
through Buena Vista slough. Those lakes 
which lie in Kern county have also overflowed 
a large tract of cultivated land, and the crops 
thereon will prove a total loss. It would not be 
surprising if the waters of Tulare rose high 
enough to again fill the outlet, Fish and Fresno 
slough, and add a large volume of water to the 
already crowded San Joaquin. Bridges are re- 
ported as floating in several places in the low 
lands, and there is little or no travel from a 
distance to the county seat, except by railroad. 
( )n the whole, the outlook is not the most 
cheering for a, large portion of the county. In 
conversation with several grain-growers and 
grain buyers from different parts of the county, 
it seems to be an assured fact that barring 
floods the grain output will be double as much 
as ever before known. Neither rust nor smut 
has made its appearance to any amount, and 
the stand was never better, the heads of both 
wheat and barley being very long, with from 
three to five kernels in each mesh. It is claimed 
that the output will be from 3,500.000 to 4,000,- 
000 bushels, the best informed claiming that 
the first figures will be found more correct than 
the latter. The hay crop of this county, ex- 
cepting the alfalfa, will be light, and in many 
sections very poor, as it was severely damaged 
by the rains which fell in showers, and larger 
showers for two weeks, spoiling or partially so, 
all that had been cut before and during the 
showery season. When the weather finally be 
came settled, grain was too far advanced to cut 
for hay as a general thing, and it was left to 
make grain. Although this will cause a short 
age of grain hay, there will doubtless be enough 
for home consumption if proper care is used in 
securing the straw after harvest. 

Yolo. 

The Prospect. — Democrat, June 26 : The 
threatened storm is past, and the gentle norther 
which set in Monday is a welcome visitor. 
Words of distress and counter-words of cheer 
come from every section of the county, thus 
making an estimate of the crop almost an im- 
possible problem. So many persons become 
unduly excited that a slight injury is a calam- 
ity that is irreparable. Calmly reviewing all 
these statements, it is possible that, while some 
individuals are heavy losers, the great body of 
agriculturists are not so seriously damaged as 
has been reported. The early reports concern- 
ing the amount of grain will certainly be real- 
ized, with but slight injury in quality. Some 
sections report mildew and rust, but the rav- 
ages of these destroyers are not serious yet. It 
is probably not out of reason to estimate the 
damage to cereals at not more than 10 per cent, 
estimating injury to quality and increased cost 
of harvesting. 

OREGON. 

The Hop Crop. — Willamette Farmer: The 
hop crop of Oregon is mostly in this valley, 
where new hop yards were set out in 18S2 8.'{, 
some of which will oome into full bearing this 
year, so as to give at least twenty five per cent, 
increase to the product. Much increase of 
acreage took place over on the Sound and in the 
Yakima country, in Washington, and some 
yards were planted south of Snake river and 
the Palouseand Spokane regions. It is estimat- 
ed that the Oregon crop will amount to 5,000 
bales of 200 pounds each, or a million pounds of 
hops, while as many more will be shipped from 
the Sound ports. At a rough estimate, we 
should have a million pounds of hops in Ore- 
gon, and fully as many in Washington. The 
harvest may exceed that yield, but will not 
fall below it, unless some disaster happens to 
the crop we cannot foresee. It was considered 
hazardous to plant out heavy hop yards in 
1882, as some did, but they acted wisely. The 
blight in the old country seems to be continu- 
ous, and sometimes is felt in New York State. 
The use of hops is also increasing, and the busi- 
ness of growing hops 9eems to be more a cer- 
tainty than it has bsen for some decades back. 



Premiums for New Subscribers. 

Premium No. 1. 
Editors Press : . [ want to show my appreciation of the 
Pacific Riraj. Press, and so I hope you will accept the 
following offer: I will give a fine pair of Langshans 
(January hatch of 1884), bred from my special prize 
cock, to the person sending you the largest number of 
yearly (cash in advance) subscribers by September 1, 1884. 

Mas. J. Raynor. 

Fruitnalc, Alameda Cc, Cat. 

We thank our appreciauve friend for her offer, and 
we will add to it extra inducements on our own part, 
as acknowledgment of our good will to those who 
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Thus there is opportunity for all to compete for the 
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Premium No. 2. 

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1, 1SSS. • JollS lllDRR. 

Sacramento, Cat. 

We accept Mr. Rider's offer with thanks. As his 
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corded in the "American Berkshire Record" pub- 
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Cause of Karthquaker.— Daubree, in dis 
cussing the recent earthquakes in Kurope and 
Asia, presents many objections to the theory of 
falling rocks in internal chasms, and thinks that 
all the phenomena can be satisfactorily explained 
by the action of superheated steam. He refers 
to the well-known craters of explosion, such as 
Lake Pavin, in Auvergne, where the stratified 
rocks have been cut sharply through, as if by a 
punch. The modern experiments with gun 
cotton, nitro glycerine and dynamite have often 
shown pressures of more than 0,000 atmospheres, 
and produced results which could hardly be 
wrought by the pressure of weights 000,000 
times as great as that of the explosives. Super 
heated steam, when set in movement by such 
simple mechanism as nature often presents, 
would account for all the action of earthquakes, 
their violence, their frequent succession, and 
their recurrence in the same regions for many 
centuries. It also explains the predilection of 
earthquakes for regions where there are nu- 
merous faults, especially if the dislocations are 
recent. Earthquakes appear to be, in many 
instanses, like subterranean volcanic eruptions 
which are smothered because they find no out- 
lets. The motive power of gases, of which we 
see the gigantic effects in the solar jets or pro- 
tuberances, appears also to be considerable 
enough beneath the surface of our planet to ex- 
plain all the effects of earthquakes. Compte* 
Rendnx. 

Dont Give Up the Paper. 

Subscribers are loo apt, when misfortune comes 
or finances are close, to think of the paper they are 
taking as the first luxury to dispense with. It is a 
great deal more than a luxury. In many cares it is 
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and should be the last to discontinue. It is a poor 
paper that does not benefit a subscriber one hundred 
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read. Hesides, the benefit derived from ordinary in- 
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I will never grind with the water that has passed," 



6. 




The Countersign. 

'Twas near the break of day, but still 

The moon was shining brightly; 
The west wind, as it passed the Mowers, 

>el each one swaying lightly. 
The sentry slow passed to and fro, 

A faithful night-watch keeping, 
While in his tents behind him stretched 

His comrades; all were sleeping. 

Slow to and fro the sentry paced, 

His musket on his shoulder, 
But not a thought of death or war 

Was with this brave young soldier; 
Ah, no! his heart was far away, 

Where, on a western prairie, 
A rose-twined cottage stood. That night 

The countersign was "Mary.' 

And there his own true love he saw , 

I lor blue eyes kindly beaming; 
Above them, on her sun-kissed brow. 

Her curls like sunshine gleaming. 
And heard her singing, as she churned 

Her butter in the dairy. 
The song she loved the best. That night 

The countersign was "Mary.'' 

"< )h, for 9 kiss from her!" he sighed, 

When, up the lone road glancing, 
I le spied a slender little form, 

With faltering steps advancing. 
And as it neared him silently 

I le gazed a', it in wonder; 
Then dropped his musket in his hand, 

And challenged, "Who goes yonder 5 '' 

Still on it came. "Not one step more, 

Be you man or child or fairy, 
L'nless you give the countersign. 

Haiti Who goes there:* Tis Mary," 
A sweet voice cried, and in his arms 

The girl he left behind him 
Half fainting fell. O'er many miles 

She'd bravely toiled to find him. 

"I heard that you were wounded, dear," 

She sobbed; "my heart was breaking. 
1 could not stay a moment, but. 

All other tie-, forsaking, 
1 traveled, by my grief made strong, 

Kind heaven watching o'er me, 
t'ntil unhurt ami well? ' "Yes, love" — 

"At last you stood before me." 

"They told me that I could not pass 

The lines to find my lover 
Before day fairly came; but 1 

Pressed on ere night was over. 
And, as I told my name, I found 
The way free as our prairie.", 
"Because, thank God! to-night," he said, 
The count»rsign is 'Mary.' 

— By Morgan I Eyiingt. 



"A Romance in Nellie Custis' Life." 

A Story of the Revolution. 
I Written for the Ri rai. I'rksh •'>' ('Arri s. I 

III an elegantly furnished apartment at Mount 
Vernon, in I TNfi, was seated a fair young lady. 
Her simple white dress cut in the scant fashion 
of the day, served only to highten her charms, 
her sw eet face regular in every feature was 
litly framed hy the dark curls, which clustered 
aromd her brow, while her long hair gathered 
in an appparently careless manner upon the 
top of her head was secured in its place hy a 
long bodkin concealed by a small bunch of white 
llciwers. It is Kleanor l'ark Custis, or as she 
was commonly called Nellie Custis, Martha 
Washington's grand daughter anil Gen'l Wash- 
ington's adopted daughter. Her usually bright 
. ountenanee looks clouded and sorrowful, and 
yet what sorrow could she haver a fair young 
belle the life of every company whether young 
or old, witty as beautiful, anil beloved by all 
a'ike. So thought her companion and cousin 
I'riscilla Hassett, as she looked lovingly upon 
the downcast face before her. She herself 
looked like a modest dove in her '|tiiet 
Quakeress costume with her soft brown hair 
tucked away under the dainty lace of her cap. 
1 1 er pure face seemed placid as a dream, and 
her clear blue eyes tranquil as a summer sea. 
"What aileth thee dear," she asked. "Why hast 
thou such sadness Nellie? Tell me! thou knowest 
thy sorrows are mine and have been since our 
birth, but surely it is merely an untoward 
tancy, loved as thou art by all, even the 
shadow of sorrow cannot brood over thee. " 

"That is just it, I'riscilla, I am so dearly loved; 
would they love me still, if they knew— but 
the«-e— 1 am w ild to speak so, I must shake it 
or!'. It is unworthy of me, my grandmother 
and dear foster father, would they ever forgive 
or respect me again if they knew.''' 

She broke off abruptly and buried her face in 
her hands. 

"What dost thou mean, Kleanor ( 'ustis," said 



I'riscilla, laying her hand heavily upon her 
c ousin's shoulder. 

"Tell me! cease to alarm me hy this wild talk 
of love and reRpect there, there, dear,' - she 
said, as the sohs grew violent and shook the 
frail form, "calm thee Nellie and tell me. 15e 
sure if 1 can help thee in any way I will,'" and 
with her arms clasped closely around the weep 
inggirl she soothed her into composure. 

"Oh, I'riscilla," she said at last, "how can I 
tell even you what for very shame should re- 
main locked in a maiden's bosom forever the 
knowledge that she would shrink from having 
even the night wind repeat to the flowers that 
bow low at his coming -that she has given her 
love unsought and unreturncd. Thou knowest 
tien. Washington w ishes me to wed Arthur St. 
Clair, a gentleman of stainless lineage, too noble 
not to deserve the heart as well as the hand of 
the woman he honors with his name; thou 
knowest how well and bravely he fought thro'- 
out the war. One terrible night at Valley 
Forge he placed his last blanket over the 
form of a wounded soldier, and he himself 
reclined with only his well wdrn overcoat 
to shield him from the bitter cold — so cold 
it was that in the morning his clothes were 
frozen to the hard ground, and he could not 
arise until they loosened them with boiling 
water, and this too from a man accustomed to 
nothing more rigorous than the confinement of 
a lord's home in old England. 

"Oh why can 1 not love him as he deserved to 
be loved! Oh, if I had only met him before — 
before, and I can not tell my foster father, for 
he with his gentle dignity would say, 'Well, 
child, your only reason is that you do not love 
him; it would be a very good reason if your 
heart held another love, bnt as it does not, 
trust me Nellie, love will come.' 

"What did he write to me in response to my 
letter after my first ball at Georgetown, when 
I declared that I would never give myself a 
moment's uneasiness about any of them (ah, 
how little I knew my own heart). Ho not 
boast too strongly of your resistance to love's 
powers, hut when the fire begins to kindle and 
your heart to grow warm propound these 
i|Uestions to it: 'Who is the invader'.' Have 
1 a competent knowledge of him'' Is he a man 
of good character, a man of sense': For be as- 
sured a sensible woman can never be happy 
w ith a fool. What has been his walk in life? 
Is he a gambler, a spendthrift, or a drunkard'.' 
Is his fortune sufficient to maintain me in the 
manner in which I have been accustomed to 
live? And is he one to whom my friends can 
have no possible objection?' If these interroga- 
tions can be satisfactorily answered there will 
be but one more to be asked: Have I sufficient 
grounds to conclude that his affections are en- 
gaged by me?— Hut oh I'riscilla, 1 can read no 
more; it is torture' " 

"Hut Nellie, why grieve so? Gen'l Wash- 
ington will not wish thee to wed at all; if thee 
dost not wish it, he loves thee too well to insist 
upon it." "Yes, I know but he would think me 
foolish and childish and I can not bear to 
thwart him. Besides 1 can never tell him the 
real reason; he with his high ideal of a modest 
and perfect womanhood. I should die of shame 
did he ever know that I had given my love un- 
asked to a stranger and an enemy of our coun- 
try — one who fought against us." 

"Tell me all about it dear, it seems more 
serious than I thought. How could'st thou 
meet a Tory in thy sheltered life? How was it 
possible?" 

"Well, you know Lord Fairfax is a relative of 
mamma's, and in the long winter at Mount Ver- 
non grandmamma thought it would be lonely 
for me so she sent me down there to stay, < ieorge 
and I, and oh, it was so lovely: we danced the 
minnette almost every night and his lordship 
sent for a spinnet and a harp for me. and was 
never weary of hearing me play in the long twi- 
light before the candles were lighted in the 
drawing room. Then I had my embroidery, 
and so the hours passed swiftly enough although 
there was but little company, for as Lord Fair- 
fax said, 'the men were all away at the war,' 
and of course I was anxious about our army 
and my dear foster-father who was always ex- 
posing himself to the enemy's fire. How I 
prayed to Coil to protect both him and our 
country, and oh, how anxious I felt after every 
battle until the news came either of our victory 
or defeat. 

"Those war topics were seldom spoken of, for 
Ix)rd Fairfax said: 'I owe allegiance to my 
King and cannot w ish his armies defeated, but 
1 will never take sides against my own blood. 
Though we cannot think alike about it our 
natural affection can remain unchanged.' 

"Well, oneday Lord and Lady Fairfax went 
to Georgetown and my brother George ac- 
companied them, so we were left, old Auntie 
•Tubal, the housekeeper, and 1, all alone 
with only the servants. I wasn't at all afraid 
though, for they only expected to be gone two 
days. So, after I had kisseil • ieorge good-bye 
and wax ed my handkerchief at them as long as 
I could sec the traveling carriage, I felt some- 
what lonely. I worked my sampler until I was 
tired and all the figures seemed dancing a reel, 
and then I practiced on the harp and spinuet, 
and was about to have a run through the park 
with Fidele, the lwautiful greyhound, when Old 
Aunt I ubal came to the door breathless with 
excitement, her black face fairly white with 
terror as she trasned : 

"'Oh, Miss Nellie, chile.de Yankees are a 
comin', Tax yer pardon, honey, for de seemin' 
disrespec', de Mexicans I mean, but, oh Lord, 
chile deys gw ine to sareh de house, and chile 
deres a wounded sojer in dat ar wing, an' if dey 



finds him dey 11 hang him shore. Oh, chile, de 
good Lord was marciful to his enemies. Tink 
only dat he's sick and a gemman. Yo wouldn't 
want him strung right up to one ob dese trees 
would yo, honey ? and yo can sabe an no one 
else, and dats de trufe.' 

"As she spoke I heard the tramp of hor es' 
feet coming rapidly up the avenue. 

"'Why, Aunty -ftihal, what do you mean? 
What can I do ?' 

' "Why, jest you step out and tell urn you's 
Gen'l Washington's adopted chile, an' ax 'em 
what dey mean by such an insult as wantin' to 
search a house whar you's stoppin". ' 

"Oh, I'riscilla, just think of it ! I was very 
young only 15— and I fully expected to see 
him strung up to one of the stately poplars be- 
fore our door, Besides, there was no time for 
deliberation, and a human being's life was in my 
hands. I forgot that he was an enemy, and 
only remembered that he was wounded and 
helpless, and that 1 must save him. So, as the 
cavalcade stopped a little distance before our 
door, and the Captain, a tall, personable gen- 
tleman, stepped forward, and, doffing his 
plumed hat, said respectfully: 'I crave your 
kiud pardon, mistress, but is the right honora- 
ble Lord Fairfax, of Culpepper, within?' Trem- 
blingly I answered in the negative, and he re- 
sumed: 'It grieves me much, but I have a war- 
rant for the arrest of Gerald St. Ledger, a 
traitor to his country, and nephew of General 
St. Ledger, commander of the Tories. I have 
no choice but to search the house, which shall 
be done in no unseemly manner, but with all 
deference and gentle courtesy, fair lady.' 

"I controlledmyself as well as I was able, and 
affectiug a composure that I was far from feel- 
ing, drew myself up to my full hight and re- 
plied: 'Good sir, you are evidently unaware 
that it is FUeanor Custis, General Washington's 
granddaughter and adopted child, to whom you 
have been addressing yourself, and that this is 
the house of his kinsman, who is absent, and 
therefore, although illy able, it devolves upon 
me to act as his representative. 1 am sure you 
will see that it would be preposterous and an 
insult to search a house where Kleanor Custis 
resides for an -nuny: but if you are weary, rest, 
and the servant? shall provide refreshments for 
yourself and solaiers.' With hasty thanks and 
apologies for the intrusion, they all remounted 
their horses, and I had the satisfaction of see- 
ing them ride rapidly away. 

" Hut, oh Priscilla, then came the reaction. 
It was the only time in my life that I had been 
guilty of deceit. General Washington, grand- 
mamma, mamma — oh. I could never look any 
of them in the face again; to have acted a lie, 
I who had been taught all my life that it was 
better to forfeit existence than to disgrace it by 
such an act. 

"Completely overcome, I sank upon alow 
footstool and gave way to an agony of grief 
which you, I'riscilla, can never understand, for 
you could never have been guilty of such an 
act of deceit; but every day, every hour, since 
that time I have been stung by the thought 
that those who love me best could love me no 
longer did they know all." 

"And so thou repentest thee, that thou didst 
save the young man's life," spoke I'riscilla in 
her low, <|uiet tones, touching caressingly the 
Mushed sweet face so near her own. 

"Oh, no!" she exclaimed, starting up. "No, 
not that I have never repented of llml . I could 
not have done otherwise. 1 only deplore the 
sad necessity that was thus thrust upon me : 
but oh, I'riscilla, that was not all if I had 
only never seen him' While I was weeping 
bitterly, old auntie -lubal came in and tried 
to comfort me. 'Why Miss Nellie, honey, 
what yo' cryin' for? Yo' done sabe a life chile, 
foller in our Sabycr's footsteps, who done sabe 
de hull wort'. Don't yo' cry for dat and dat 
po' young man. I jest tole him what yo' done, 
and he said: 'If he'd done known it at de 
time he'd rader hab giben hisself up dan to 
have had you done sech a heroic deed 'gainst 
yo' principles: and I done tole him yo' was glad 
to have a chance to sabe a life yo' allays was 
jestdat pitiful: and he said, 'mid sech atwinkle 
in his brack eyes (he has got de most buful 
brack eyes): 'May be dey wouldn't a killed 
me, J ubal ; dey'd jest have taken me away; and 
File rader have gone eben to dff dan to have 
hurt yo' young lady's feelin's. Won't yo' 
please ax her (as I cannot pay my respec's to 
her in puson, owin to dis wound) to kindly 
company yo', dat 1 may tank de heroine dat 
was brave enuf to sacrific' her feelings, and de 
trufe fur an enemy an a stranger.' 

"So I'riscilla, I went not only once, but many 
times; for oh, it seemed so sad to see him lying 
there, so handsome, so accomplished, so brave, 
w ith that cruel wound in his side, and to think 
what a pity it was that men who should be broth- 
ers could not see as God sees that love, and uot 
strife, should rule the world and as Lord and l>ady 
Fairfax were detained away some time longer than 
they expected to l>e, I could not think it wrong to 
try and soothe his loneliness by a few- sweet airs 
played on my harp at eventide, or when his 
sufferings were most intense. 

"He never complained, but 1 could never pre- 
vail upon him to tell me aught of his home or 
friends. The mystery about him increased my 
interest, but I did not know until I had re- 
turned to Mount Vernon that I had left my 
heart at Culpepper — given it unsought to an 
enemy and a stranger. I have never seen or 
heard of him since and no one knows of our 
meeting, for I pledged old auntie -Tubal to 
secrecy, and returned home soon after his lord- 
ship's return. 

"So now I'riscilla you have read to the end, 



the whole secret and humiliating chapter of my 
life. Think you, it is one for the pure eyes of 
General^ Washington to scan or that 1 could 
retain either his love or respect did I place it 
before him?" 

"Well, dear, do not let it trouble thee o'er- 
much ; thou didst notdo exactly right perhaps, but 
still thou didst as any gentle and tender hearted 
woman would have done. For the present I 
think thou shouldst bury it. 

"1 do not think it is thy duty to tell the < Gen- 
eral ; the deed is done and if thou hast sinned 
thou hast surely suffered for it. Thy Heavenly 
Father knows thy repentance and do not think 
He wishes us to grieve continually after we have 
taken our sins in sorrow to him. He bears 
them for us and we are freed. As to Arthur 
St. Clair do not decide hastily, ask both General 
Washington and himself for a little space to 
deliberate and meanwhile be just to him. Time 
and contact work wonders ofttimes, anil per- 
haps this old love, that crept uncalled iuto thy 
heart may fade away as softly as the brightness 
fades from the clouds in yonder sky, and give 
place to a nobler, happier love. I do think 
Arthur St Clair is all that woman's heart could 
wish," she said half inaudably as a faint flush 
crept into her cheek. 

Two years have passed, and in the noble 
drawing room at Mount Vernon, a goodly com- 
pany is assembled. 

Our fair friend I'riscilla looks scarcely 
changed, save that an attentive observer might 
note a weary droop to the white lids that veil 
her clear blue eyes. The lustrous folds of her 
soft gray sill: highten the contrast between this 
demure little maiden and the gaily -clad damsels 
around her. It was as if the coolness of a west- 
ern breeze had calmed the sultry air of the 
tropics, and Nellie — what words can describe 
beautiful Kleanor as she stands beside stately 
Martha Washington to receive her friends, clad 
in a gorgeous court dress of canary colored 
satin, which swept away in graceful folds from 
the white satin petticoat, which was cut just 
short enough to reveal the dainty high-heeled 
slippers, with their diamond buckles, which 
shone as dew drops shine in the sunbeams. The 
ruby satin stomacher, surmounted by a delicate 
white lace kerchief, fastened by a ruby clasp, 
was shamed by the whiteness of her snowy neck, 
and the dark eyes and roseate cheek, w here the 
entrancing dimples came and went, and the 
dark curls, which the poet of her time described 
so beautifully all these beauties only embel- 
lished the casket which contained a priceless 
gem — her soul. 

With perfei t ease and courtly grace she re- 
ceives and welcomes all, until — w hy, what has 
happened to cause her bright color to fade so 
suddenly and her breath to come in quick 
gasps? Surely there is nothing to startle in 
the graceful torm before her, the handsome 
face, with its bright, laughing eyes, or in the 
name spoken quietly by her brother George: 
"Dear Nellie, this is my friend Lawrence Lewis. 
I wish you to know him both for his sake and 
my own." She gives him her hand with a 
polite word of greeting, but he retains it with 
a low, "( 'an I see you soon in the conservatory? 
I have something to say," bowsand passes on. 

A half hour after this he asks her in courte- 
ous conventional phase to show him a rare 
plant of which he had frequently heard, and 
which had been brought as a present to Presi- 
dent Washington from Kurope. 

Scarce were they alone when she took her 
hand from his arm with a hurried impetus. 
"What does this mean ? is your name Gerald 
St. Ledger or Lawrence Lewis ? Who are you 
and what means this secrecy ? " 

Clasping her white hand and kissing it re- 
spectfully, he said: "I have many things for 
w hich to crave your pardon, fair lady, but I 
think you will grant it when you know all. I 
am Lawrence Lewis, and after Nathan Hale 
was executed there was a number of things 
General Lee was desirous of learning. It was 
fraught with danger, but I consented to enter 
the Tory lines in disguise and try to obtain the 
needed information which would enable our 
generals to plan their campaign and thus win 
our country 8 liberty. 1 knew my life would 
pay the forfeit if discovered -that many better 
men had paid; but what was one life in compar- 
ison to myriads 1 So, clad in the costume of a 
Tory soldier, I was very near to their lines, and 
perhaps success, when a party of our own soldiers, 
before I had time to reveal my identity, shot 
me and I was left by them for dead. When I 
recovered consciousness I was in Lord Fairfax's 
home and conscious that he was a royalist. I 
gave him the name of a nephew of one of their 
generals. 

"That my conscience stung me I will not deny, 
thus guarded and shielded by one who would 
have cast me forth from his door to die had he 
known my real identity, even if he had not de- 
livered me up to the Tories as a spy. Still I 
hoped soon to be able to go on my way, and 
after all, all connected with me was of small 
moment as compared with the freedom of 
America. 

"1 did not know of your heroism in my behalf 
until it was over, and afterwards your beauty 
and gentleness won my heart, and I determined 
to keep my secret and try to win you, even in 
the guise of an enemy, though 1 was often 
tempted to tell you the truth when you med to 
reason so forcibly and sweetly on its wrongs 
and the right of our country to its freedom. 
When my wound was healed sufficiently to 
permit me to depart, the war was over. I was 
most anxious to call and pay my addresses to 
you and respects to Gen. Washington, but my 



July 5, 1884.] 



fAeiFie F^URAL PRESS. 



mother's severe illness in the south of France 
called me away. She is dead, and my life will 
be very lonely unless you, dear Nellie, willcon- 
sent to gladden it with you love." 

What she said need not be here recorded, but 
a few months after she became Mrs. Lawrence 
Lewis, and history records the fact that no one 
more lovable, lovely or happy ever lived than 
sweet Nellie < 'ustis, both as maiden, wife and 
mother 

"And did I'riscilla ?" Yes she did, in- 
quisitive reader, she did marry Arthur St. Clair, 
whom, as you have suspected, she had loved for 
years. He outlived his first passion, and was 
very happy with his soft-voiced and gentle little 
wife. 

Smi Francisco, Cat. 

V-stiges of Royalty. 

As we e< lebrate the anniversary of the Dec- 
laration of Independence from thrones, and the 
shallow show of monarchy, it is well enough 
to remember that there still lingers in this 
country admiration for the shams and follies of 
kingly systems which are particularly ridicu- 
lous here, because there is no kingly system 
for them to thrive upon. The following is 
from an Eastern exchange: 

Some snobbish New Yorkers are endeavoring 
to get up an "American Herald's College," 
where wealthy and distinguished citizens can 
register their family armorial bearings. What 
humbug! Wealth and distinction ! 1 low many 
there are who possess the one and yet sigh for 
the other, and how few there are who possess 
both, who know how to use either. With one 
man wealth degenerates into greed and avarice, 
and with another the honors of state become 
the stepping stone of ambition and sellishness. 
Where the tendency of the mind is merely to 
get rich and to shine, wealth and place result 
in no moral good to the possessor, and in very 
positive evil to the community. 

The poor plowman on the hillside, and the 
toiling mechanic in the workshop, may possess 
greater wealth and a nobler fame than those 
which crowned the one with honors and filled 
the coders of the other with riches. Hut there 
must be no base metal in the alchemy of Cod's 
laborers in the vineyard of life. It is not 
glory nor gold which make men happy or wise, 
nor is it lowliness of position which can impart 
to a nature, craving for something more substan- 
tial than daily bread, the soul of a true content. 

Society in most countries is at best very arti- 
ficial, and almost altogether so in this. We 
know not which most to find fault with, the 
so-called aristocracy of wealth or the aristocracy 
of nature, as it is called ; the claims of blood 
and hit tli, or the demands of those who, like 
the plebeian linen draper, are ready to sell 
their being to walk in the shadow of a mis- 
called nobility. As we all came from the same 
father, and are destined to the same end, the 
aristocracy of nature fails to establish any very 
high claims to superiority. We import and 
export blooded horses, cattle and sheep, and 
there may be reason for using blooded animals 
for the turf, the shambles and the field of bat- 
tle, and for the two-footed winged animals there 
is worth in blood and training, but often 
more in training than in blood. But pedigree 
in man, and especially the American man, is 
not worth the paper it is written upon, except 
as good blood is allied to good qualities of head 
and heart. 

The lineage of a Washington began not with 
kings or dukes of high nobility, and in the veins 
of no living man Hows the blood] of the one 
Washington whose memory we all adore. So 
of the thousand distinguished dead and of the 
equally honored living, from the blooded aris- 
tocracy of Yirginia, whose mothers were sold 
for so many hogsheads of tobacco, to the Puri- 
tans, who, without blood, joined the cavaliers 
in laying the foundations of a new republic in 
a new world. The Calhouns and the Websters, 
the Clays and the Kveretts of modern times, 
with the heroes and civilians of early times, 
from the shoemaker Sherman and the black 
smith Green to the Warrens and the Putnams, 
would all be puzzled to tell in what school of 
nobility or aristocracy their ancestors were 
raised. Drue glory and true merit, true mind 
and true affections are the only aristocracy 
worthy of a title or coat-of-arms. "Titles of 
honor add not to his worth who is an honor to 
his title;" and if the poor so often quarrel with 
the rich, oblivion with fame, virtue with vice, 
acquired fame with hereditary honors, the high 
dignity of a pure heart and a large soul with 
the base and counterfeit appliances of the 
world's idea of glory, it is because of the false 
standard which passes current for genuine 
honor. 

True is, thai whilom that good poci said, 
That gentle mind by gentle deed is known; 

For man by nothing is so well bewray'd 
As by his manners, in which plain is shown 
Oi what degree and what race he is grown. 

Rrain Wear, — So far from being injured by 
severe labor, carried on under normal conditions, 
the brain is improved by it. Mental activity, 
like muscular exercise, keeps the brain in a 
healthy state. When, therefore, a man says 
he is suffering from the effects of mental over- 
work, I want to know what his views are. 
Worry may be one of these; worry is exhaust- 
ing. The worries of life do infinitely more 
harm than the work of life, howsoever onerous 
it may be.— Dr. It. Hartholow. 




The Puzzle Box. 

Riddle. 

1 never was or could be one, 
Hut in extremes am always met 
Of penury or plenty; 
I would be nothing, found alone, 
But after two should 1 be set, 
1 then would jump to twenty. 



Initial Changes. 

r. I am the ground; change my initial, I nm a 
company ol persons; change again, I am a part of 
the body; again, I am fine particles of stone; again, 
I am a small stick. 

2. I am to diminish: change my initial, I am a 
deadly poison ; change again, Iain a short stick; 
again, I am a native of a country of Europe; again, 
1 am a girls name; again, I am a narrow passage; 
again. I am sound in reason. 

Easy Problem. 

A and B were trading horses. A slid: "I will 
trade for $5." On the other hand, B demanded $25. 
It was finally agreed to "split the difference. " 
Which one had to pay, and how much? 

Walter J. Siott. 

Charade- 

However, few my first may be, 
My second will be fewer still; 
Yet are wc more than you cm count, 

For if you join us you sha'l see 
That all your wit and all your skill 
Can never reach the whole amount. 



Decapitations 

r. Behead .1 fish and form a defeat. 

2. Behead a valve and form a vegetable product 
of the South. 

3. Behead to talk idly and form proportion. 

4. Behead a combustion and form a cripple. 

JoSEPHUS, 

Answers to Last Puzzles. 

Charade. — I'ost-age. 
Curtailments. — t. Tuber, tube. : 
scrap. 

Blanks. — r. Reap, pear. 2. Fear, 
May, yam. 4. Sire, rise. 

Syncopations. — 1. Boat, bat. 2. Main, 
3. Fast, fat. 4. Paste, pate. 5. Wear, war. 

Reversals. — 1. Tab, bat. 2. 'Ion, not 
Trap, part. 4. Live, evil. 



Scrape, 
fare. 



Auntie's Pudding. 

Auntie Cooper was a kind old colored woman 
who did the cooking for Jimmie's mamma. She 
liked Jimmie very much, and never made a cake 
or pie for dinne. - without making a little one for 
.limmie too. 

I'm sides this, she let him run in and out of 
the kitchen just when he pleased. One day 
auntie was making a rice pudding and Jimmie 
sat watching her just as gravely as though he 
was head cook and knew all about it. 

By and by pussie jumped upon the window- 
sill and watched auntie too; maybe she was 
wishing that she had some of the nice fresh milk 
that auntie put into it. 

By and by auntie went into the bake room 
and pussie jumped down upon the table and 
began smelling everything that was on it. 

"Here, 'met! dis,"said .limmie. holding a box 
of pepper under her nose. 

"Waugh!" cried pussie, and she jumped up 
in the air and came down right in the middle 
of the pan of rice, where she splashed about like 
the sea lions in the circus. 

"Auntie Tooper! Auntie Tooper!" called Jim- 
mie, "tome here! twick ! hureup — der tat is 
washin' hisself in der yice." 

Auntie ran in, but the cat had jumped through 
the window and escaped. Auntie began to 
scold and J immie ran upstairs, because little 
boys do not like to be scolded. 

When he went in the sitting-room he saw 
pussy behind the stove, almost sneezing her 
head oil' trying to get the pepper out of her 
nose. 

" hear me," said Mamma, " what can be the 
matter with that cat?" 

"She tooked a half a yittle wile ado, and I 
expects she taught told," answered Jimmie. 

Soon after Frank and Orty came iuto the 
yard, and Jimmie took a few forks out of the 
closet and went out to dig holes. 

By and by Jimmie smelted the dinner and 
kept getting nearer and nearer to the house, 
until he peeped in the kitchen window and saw 
Auntie putting a nice brown rice pudding 
under the stove to cool. 

He watched her until he saw her leave the 
room to set the table, and then, calling Frank 
and Orty, he climbed through the window into 
the kitchen. 

A little while after the boys came scrambling 
out, and had just begun to dig away harder 
than ever, when Auntie poked her head out of 
the window and asked if they had seen tin- cat. 
" 'Cause," she said, "l'se done heard a scrapin 
and scratchin' likesuah." 

The boys had not seen the cat, so Auntie went 
back to her work only half convinced that she 
was mistaken. 

When the bell rang for dinner none of the 
boys were about, and as papa had company, he 
couldn't wait. 

After dinner was served, Auntie brought in 
the pudding, and papa prepared to serve it. 

"Goodness me I" he cried, as he lifted the 
cover from the dish. Then he began to laugh 



so hard that he could not tell what was the 
matter. Mamma, who sat near him, began 
to laugh too, and to show why they were laugh: 
ing, papa passed the dish around the table. 

There was no pudding in the dish, and in its 
place were three saucers and three spoons. 

Auntie said that she was in a hurry and did 
not take the cover off the dish, and the weight 
of the saucers made her think that the pudding 
was all right. 

The next time Jimmie went to the kitchen 
Auntie laid him across her knee, and laying her 
left hand on his back slapped it with her right. 

Jimmie, who heard the slapping, and thought 
he was getting a good spanking, cried awfully, 
and did not go into the kitcheu again for some 
time. 

Papa was real angry, and said that Jimmie 
should have no supper and must go straight off 
to bed. Jimmie cried bitterly, and Mamma 
pleaded for him, but Papa was firm and would 
not yield. 

Now he was not a bad, cross papa, but he 
knew that it was very wrong for little boys to 
steal, and that if he did not punish him severely 
he might grow up in the habit and become a 
very bad man. 

Jimmie went to bed feeling very sick from 
having eaten so much, although he said nothing 
of it because papa seemed so angry, and he sob 
bed himself to sleep. 

By and by four or five men came out of the 
fire-place carrying a very large pudding in a 
red-hot dish. 

This they laid upon Jimmie's breast, and the 
pudding was so very hot that he seemed to turn 
right into smoke. It appeared to him that the 
smoke from his body gathered together again in 
its old shape, and he looked just like a little 
boy made out of smoke. 

Up, up, up he went through the roof, above 
the clouds, and out of sight of the world, lie 
tried to cry aloud, but could not. Then he 
began to feel himself blow all to pieces. One 
leg of smoke went floating off, and when he tried 
to catch it his arm sailed quietly away upon the 
breeze. Suddenly he felt that his head was 
very loose, and in his great anxiety to keep it, 
he tumbled out of bed! He opened his eyes 
and there was mamma. 

Dear, tender mamma could not help coming 
to see him, no matter how naughty he had been. 
Because he tossed about so she knew he must 
be sick. 

He told her everything, and she forgave him; 
and I really believe he had two or three kisses 
besides. Tribune. 



(gloOD J^EALTlH. 



two or three years, for feeding their cows on 
sour slops until they have become objects of 
repulsive disease. But that our milk is diluted 
needs no expert to decide. 1 1 is only necessary to 
drink a cup of the lacteal fluid to discover that 
it is misnamed, and should be called whitened 
water. There is probably no article vended in 
the market that to a greater extent undergoes 
the adulterating process. If the water is not 
mixed with poisonous ingredients, the few gills 
of milk it contains to the gallon can be drank 
harmlessly, but with no hope of furnishing any 
nutrition. Here are the proportions of a fluid 
termed milk which was submitted to analysis 
in New York: of water, 88.32 per cent; of fat, 
:l.0(i per cent; of other substances, 8.62 per 
cent. This analysis was produced in court 
against a milk vender named Meyer, who was 
fined WOO for selling the abominable stuff. It 
was further shown that this so-called milk was 
liable to produce scrofula, diphtheria and blood 
poisoning. We have no idea that the deception 
practised on milk consumers in this city is so 
great — that is, that it contains foreign poison- 
ous matter as in New York — but this could be 
better told if we had a competent and honest 
milk analyzer, for which there is a demand 
that will be backed by hundreds of families, 
who know they are paying for a i|iiality of milk 
which they do not get. Possibly the Board of 
health has a duty to perform in the premises. 
Call. 



X)ojviESTie 0eofNjojviY. 



Frosty Windows and Glycerine. — A very 
thin coat of glycerine applied on both sides of 
window glass will prevent any moisture forming 
thereon, and will stay until it collects so much 
dust that you cannot see through it; for this 
reason it should be put on very thin. If used 
on a looking glass you can shave yourself in an 
ice house, and the glass will not show your 
breath. Doctors and dentists use it on small 
glasses with which they examine the teeth and 
throat. Surveyors use it on their instruments 
in foggy weather, and there is no film to obstruct 
the sight. Locomotive engineers have used it 
as a preventive of the formation of frost on their 
cal) windows. In fact it can be used anywhere 
to prevent moisture from forming on anything, 
It does not injure the usefulness of field glasses, 
etc. In fact, a small drop of pure glycerine in 
a small hole in a sheet of brass makes a good 
lense for a small microscope. 



Sunstroke. 

In response to a request from one of our cor- 
respondents that we would print some directions 
for treating sunstroke, we copy the following 
circular, issued by the New York Board of 
Health. Sunstroke is caused by excessive heat, 
and especially if the weather is "muggy." It 
is more apt to occur on the second, third or 
fourth day of a heated term than on the first. 
Loss of sleep, worry, excitement, close sleeping- 
rooms, debility, abuse of stimulants, predispose 
to it. It is more apt to attack those working 
in the sun, and especially between the hours of 
1 1 o'clock in the morning and 4 o'clock in the 
afternoon. On hot days wear thin clothing. 
Have as cool sleeping-rooms as possible. Avoid 
loss of sleep and all unnecessary fatigue. If 
working indoors, and where there is artificial 
heat (laundries, etc.), see that the room is well 
ventilated. 

If working in the sun wear a light hat (not 
black, as it absorbs the heatl, straw, etc., and 
put inside of it, on the head, a wet cloth or a 
large green leaf ; frequently lift the hat from 
the head and see that the cloth is wet. Do not 
check perspiration, but drink what water you 
need to keep it up, as perspiration prevents the 
body from being over heated. Have, whenever 
possible, in additional shade, as a thin umbrella 
when walking, a canvas or board cover when 
working in the sun. When much fatigued do 
not go to work, but be excused from work, es- 
pecially after I I o'clock in the morning on very 
hot days, if the work is in the sun. If a feeling 
of fatigue, dizziness, headache or exhaustion oc- 
curs cease work immediately, lie down in a 
shady and cool place, apply cold cloths to and 
pour cold water over head and neck. If anyone 
is overcome by the heat send immediately for 
the nearest good physician. While waiting for 
the physician give the person cool drinks of 
water or cold black tea or cold coffee if able to 
swallow. If the skin is hot and dry sponge 
with or pour cold water over the body and 
limbs, aud apply to the head pounded ice 
wrapped in a towel or other cloth. If there is 
not ice at hand keep a cold cloth on the head 
and pour cold water on it as well as on the 
body. If the person is pale, very faint, and pulse 
feeble, let him inhale ammonia for a few seconds, 
or give him a teaspoonful of aromatic spirits of 
ammonia in two tablespoonfuls of water with a 
little sugar. 

DILUTED MjLK, — We presume then; are dif- 
ferences in the quality of the milk but it would 
be valuable information to know how much of 
it is absolutely pure. Few of the complaints 
are heard in San Francisco that are made 
against the milkmen of N.w York, where they 
have been frequently arrested, and, in a num- 
| her of instances heavily fined, during the last 



Cracknels. — Take four ounces of fresh 
butter, one fourth of an ounce of salt and eight 
fresh eggs; add as much Hour into these as will 
make a stiff paste, and knead it thoroughly, 
wrap it in a cloth and let it rest for one 
night. Have ready a large pan full of boiling 
water, roll out the paste an inch thick, cut it in 
squares or triangles with a sharp knife, and 
throw the cracknels in the boiling water. They 
will at first sink. Keep the water boiling, and 
when they have all risen to the surface take 
them up with a skimmer, and throw them into 
a pan full of cold water; let them remain a 
couple of hours, then lay them out on a cloth to 
dry for an hour; and, lastly, put them in a 
moderately quick oven to bake for about half 
an hour. 

TOMATO Omelet. Scald six ripe tomatoes, 
pare them and remove the end and seeds. 
Stew until tender, then mash them, and rub 
through a seive; add^ two ounces of finely- 
grated bread crumbs, four well beaten eggs, 
four tablespoonfuls of milk, and salt and pep- 
per to taste. Mix all thoroughly, pour into a 
buttered dish and bake in a moderately hot 
oven, serve with vinegar or brown sauce, not, 
of course, made with stock as is ordinary brown 
sauce but merely browned, butter thickening 
thinned with vinegar. 



Cheese ElSCUIT.- -Take four ounces of grated 
cheese, three ounces of finely grated bread- 
crumbs, two ounces of butter, a teaspoonful of 
flour of mustard, a saltspoonful of cayenne, one 
of white pepper, and two beaten eggs; melt the 
butter and mix all the ingredients together, and 
let them stand an hour. Knead and work out 
the paste as thin as possible, and cut into tri- 
angles or roll it up into thin sticks about three 
inches long. Bake in a quick over for Hi or IS 
minutes; serve hot. 



Oatmeal BISCUIT. — Four ounces of flour, two 
ounces of tine oatmeal, two ounces of butter, 
one ounce of castor sugar, one egg; mix the dry 
ingredients, oil the butter in a little pan, break 
in the egg and mix; roll out on a board and cut 
into shape. Should the egg not make it quite 
soft enough, add a very little milk. Bake on a 
floured baking sheet. 



ORANGE CREAM. Make a custard with the 
yolks of eight eggs, four ounces of pounded 
sugar, a quart of milk and the thin rind of two 
oranges; stir it in a bain motif till it thickens. 
Dissolve one ounce of gelatine in a little warm 
water, and add to it the juice of one orange; add 
this to the custard, strain, put it into a mold 
and place it on ice to set. 

Brightening Carpets. — Very many devices 
are in use for brightening carpets at sweeping 
time. Some people use wet newspapers, torn 
up into little bits; others use tea grounds. A 
mixture of Indian meal aud salt, sprinkled 
upon a carpet and brushed off with a still 
broom, is also good. 



6 



pAGIFie RURAL PRESS. 



[Jut.t 5, 1884 




A. T. 1IKWKV 



Published by DEWEY & CO. 

Offifie,t6S MnrbiSt., X. K.cor. Front $t.,8. F. 
gST Take the Eterator, Hi. IS Front St. 'Ctl 

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drafts for this ou]>er in the name of the nrui. 

Our Subscription Rates. 

ili K Si iisi ription Rates are three hollars a year, 
in advance. If continued subscriptions are uot p im a t a in 
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Advertising Rates. 

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Half inch (1 square). 1.50 4 00 10.00 

One inch 2.00 5.00 14.00 

l.argc advertisements at favorable rates. Special or read 
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rates. Four insertions are rated iu a month. 



; Year, 
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as early as Tuesday will be charged 10 per cent additional 
for night work or extra cost, unless otherwise contracted. 

Our latest forms r/o to press Wednesday evening. 

Filtered at the 8. K. Post Oltice as secoud class mail matter. 

SCIKXT1V1C PRESS I'ATKST AHEXCY. 
DF.WKY a CO., Patent Solicitors. 

A. T. DEW BY W . B. EWER. II. H . STRONO. 



SAN FRANCISCO: 

Saturday, July 5, 1884. 
TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

EDITORIALS.— The Children's Day; Serious Dam- 
ages; Black Cap Raspberries; German' Library for the 
I nlversity, 1- The Week; Patriotism and Its Duties; 
Bvapoftiiad Cherries, 8 Bartholdi's (heat Statue of 
Libcrtv, 9- 

ILLUSTKATIONS — The Holiday in the City— View- 
ing the Procession, 1, Libertv Enlightening the 
Wor!d-Bartholdi,9. A Kevolutinnary Incident The 
Battle of Bunker Hill, 12. Appliances Employed in 
Killing Grasshoppers with Coal oil and Tar. 14. Sin 
render of the British Standards at Yorktown, 17. 

CORRESPONDENCE. - Ben Lomond; Stockton 
Votes; Canning Coni. li-.ans and Peas, '2- 

HORTICULTURE. — Karh Fruits from Tulare Coun- 
ty; The Prune d'Fnt; Ilo.ticultural Notes, 2- 

POULTRY YARD.- Perching and Food for Fowls, 
2- Raising Turkeys; That Home-Made Incubator, 3- 

THE VINEYARD Best Varictv of Wine (iiapes 3. 

METEOROLOGICAL. - Storms in Los Angeles 
County, 3. 

SERICULTURE. Meeting of the State Board of 

silk Culture, 3. 
PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY.— Ul.anibra; Lee 

hirer's Coininuaications; Resolutions of Respect; 

Grange Harmony: A Temcscalite: Grange Items, 4. 
AGRICULTURAL NOTES - From the various 

couDties of California, 4-5. 
THE HOME CIRCLE. The Countersign (Poetry); 

A Romance in Nellie Custis' Life, 6- Vestiges of Roy- 
alty; Brain Wear, 7. 
YOUNG FOLKS' COLUMN.— The Punic Box; 

Auntie's Pudding, 7. 
GOOD HEALTH. Sunstroke; Diluted Milk, 7. 
DOMESTIC ECONOMY. -Frosty Windows and 

GHycerine; Cracknels; Tomato Omelet; Cheese Biscuit; 

oatmeal Biscuit: Orange Cream; Brigntening i nr 

pets, 7. 

ENTOMOLOGICAL.— I « ices Coi Qnunhonwr Sill- 
ing, 14 

MISCELLANEOUS. Washington Maligned; Padre 
lunipero Serra; Fourth ol July in San Francisco 
(Poetry); Bran for Manure, 0. Fourth of July (Poetry); 
Suggestions to Patriotic Women About Celebration' of 
Foremothers' Day; The Ladies Will Celebrate: Ply- 

nth Rock, 10- Acquiring Mexican Lands New 

Paint; Yankee Hoodie (Poetry); Origin of Yankee 
Doodle (Poetry ); The Weight of Great Men. 12 



Business Announcements. 

Agric ultural Implements -Haulcy Bros., S. F. 
Hay Presses —Jacob Price, San Leandro, Cal. 
Agricaltmal Machinery -Byron Jackson. S. F. 
Engines - Mitchell, Fischer J: Ketscber, Oakland, Cal 
New Music -Oliver Ditson « Co., Boston, Mass. 
Harvesters- Stockton Agricultural Works. 

£f See Advertising Columns. 



The Week. 

The week is resonant with premonitory 
sounds of the approaching Fourth of .luly 
tumult. The usual decorations are being pre- 
pared, with a fortunate departure this year in 
that festoons of evergreens and flower-trimmed 
portraits of tire nation's heroes will be substi- 
tuted for the miles of clothes-lines adorned with 
printed flags, which have excited so much ridi- 
cule in the past. Many of the interior towns 
will have celebrations, some of them of unusual 
"laborateness and point. The host which de- 
sires refuge from excitement has already taken 
itself to the many rural resorts, and is now dis- 
playing such degree of patriotic fire as can be 
excited in the shade and beside the murmuring 
waters. We trust the day will be a pleasure 
and profit to all . 

The corrected assessment-roll of San Fran- 
cisco personal property shows a reduction of 
1640,456 from the Assessor's figures, making 
the total subject to assessment S">S, 848,832, in- 
stead of §59,398,287. 



Patriotism and its Duties. 

The annual recurrence of the Fourth of July, 
carries our minds back to that hour, when was 
first deliberately and formally announced the 
gospel of political liberty. Then begun the 
momentous experiment, how far life, libertyi 
and happiness could be secure under laws made 
by those, who were to obey them. Then was 
ushered among the family of nations a new 
government destined, soon after the revolution- 
ary struggle had ceased, to crystallize into a con- 
stitution, whose central idea is the politicaj 
equality of all the citizens before the law. ()u r 
readers will hardly expect us to lift the veil of 
time, and bid them look on the sublime 
spectacle of two millions of people, moved with 
one accord to assert their rights against the 
most powerful nation in the world, and follow- 
ing their new-made Hag with unshaken confi- 
dence, under varying fortunes over many a 
bloody field, until victory crowned their efforts. 
The most grateful contribution wc can make 
to their memory, is to be so deeply imbued w.th 
their spirit and wisdom, as to know how to 
perceive and discharge our duty in th epresent, 
and pass down to posterity the legacy.they have 
left us unimpaired. 

In the light of this day, some thoughts on 
patriotism and the duties it inculcates may not 
l>e inappropriate. 

What is patriotism'.' What is American pa- 
triotism as distinguished from the patriotic 
sentiment that glows and animates the bosom 
of all other people? It is a feeling that should 
not be confounded, as is often done, with that 
sentimental instinct, born of association and 
which binds one to his native land. Providence 
has for wise and beneficent reasons imperishably 
planted in the bosom of every child a love of 
home, however homely and unattractive it may 
be, it had rather live with its own parents in 
a wood-shed, clad in rags and pinched in 
hunger, than share the hospitality of strangers 
as an orphan, though surrounded by all the 
luxury and elegance that wealth can procure. 
There is akin to this beautiful filial emotion, 
an instinctive attachment to the land of our 
birth, that geographical Reality we call our 
country. It is a sentiment not born of genial 
skies and fertile acres. 

Men will cling to their native land though it 
lie cold, bleak and unpicturesque, quite as pas- 
sionately as to the fairest spot upon which an 
influent nature has lavished her blessings. The 
Icelander would grow weary and home-sick 
where the cactus and magnolia bloom, where 
the mahogany reddens in torrid heat, and pine 
for the long, dreary winter and auroral lights 
in the heart of his cold northern seas. In 
this instiuct is shrined a beneficent purpose. 
It binds one in sweet fetters of love and memory 
to their native land. 

But this beautiful feeling, so often the in- 
spiration of poetry and song, is not the patriot- 
ism that should till our hearts as v,e recall the 
historic memories of this day. It is a feeling 
shared alike by the Piute or Dakota Indian 
for his hunting ground. The patriotism that 
fired the souls of the Hamdens, Koscinskos, 
Emmets and Franklins what was it ! A blind 
instinct which clings to a tree that may have 
happened to overshadow ODe's birth-place? 
Was it for the love of the granite hills of Massa- 
chusetts that Warren panted out his life on the 
hight of Bunker Hill, or that caused the elder 
Adam to exclaim, as he heard the report of the 
musketry at Concord and Lexington, "Oh, what 
a glorious morning is this ?" Did Washington 
draw his sword for the tobacco fields of Vir- 
ginia, or Marion and Sumpter hide in swamps 
and live on sweet potatoes for the love of the 
palmetto groves of Carolina? The inspiration 
that fired their souls was something purer, 
deeper, nobler than the brute instinct that at- 
taches one to his native soil. 

Indeed, American patriotism is a noble senti- 
ment, that may catch and burn in the bosom of 
a man of foreign birth. When the Marquis Da 
Lafayette tendered his sword and fortune to the 
Colonial Congress, and Baron De Kalb fought 
and died on the plain of Camden, did they not 
feel an enthusiasm akin to that which animated 
the soul of Washington, Hancock and Adams ? 
l>uring our late unhappy civil strife thousands 
of our foreign population freely left their shops, 
fields and homes to enlist in our armies, and 
vied with the native-born in zeal, heroism and 
loyalty. What was it that inspired them? It 
is happily expressed by Mr. Lincoln, in his ad- 



dress at Cettysburg, when he said: "Our fa- 
thers brought forth upon this continent a new 
nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to 
the proposition that all men are created equal.'' 
Patriotism — American patriotism — is an ardent 
devotion to that idea, to that special system of 
government by which we are trying to work 
out the destiny of a mighty people. 

.lust now we need a patriotism more thor- 
oughly quickened by an intelligent understand- 
ing and appreciation of the beauty and worth of 
our political system. There is no form of gov- 
ernment which requires so much mental activ- 
ity as ours, for none so largely trusts the peo- 
ple. Talk as proudly as we may of our free 
schools, one of our great perils lies. in the igno- 
rance or indifference of so many to the nature, 
genius and working of our institutions. How 
many are driven on election day to the polls by 
political captains, who have fixed the 3late and 
take the oltiees. How many are caught by the 
miserable sophistry, cant and catch-words of 
party. Now just so far as men understand the 
great truths and principles embodied in our 
system, they will come into possession of their 
manhood, into a realization of their personal 
freedom, and break away from party rules, 
cliques and rings, and think and act for them- 
selves. 

Then, we gTeatly need a patriotism, at this 
time, so touched and quickened in the moral 
sense, as to demand, as far as practical, that 
only good and true men shall hold the helm of 
public affairs. The ease with which bad men 
get into power and good men are thrust aside or 
manipulated out of conventions has become the 
shame and scandal of our politics. We are un- 
willing to trust our money or a knowledge of 
our private affairs toone we believe incompetent, 
unprincipled and unreliable. Why should we 
not feel under as high an obligation in selecting 
those agents into whose hands we bail and com 
mit great public trusts? Can we safely trust 
the honor and credit of the State, the care of 
education, industry, art and science, the work- 
ing of laws to protect life, property, marriage, 
temperance and religion, to men whose chief 
aim is selfish gain and animal indulgence'' We 
would not suffer a drunken man to engineer a 
wood boat or a gravel train, and yet how often 
we hear of men coming out of a night's debauch, 
their brains reeling with the fumes of strong 
drink, to vote for laws which concern a great 
commonwealth, or to preside over municipal af- 
fairs that involve the welf ire and happiness 0* 
millions. 

There is a law older than the Twelve Tables, 
older than the Code of Xuma, older than the 
Decalogue, a law that all history has epitaphed 
on the grave stones of dead empires, which says 
that corruption and immortality in the admin- 
istration of public affairs will as inevitably en- 
feeble and deteriorate a motion as they will an 
individual. And we can only hope to see a 
healthier state of political morality, only so far 
as the men of all parties rise above all partisan 
feeling, all traditional prejudices, all local and 
selfish interests into that noble patriotism that 
will stimulate each party into the generous 
rivalry, to see which side can excel in produc- 
ing the best men for office, men with the finest 
brain and culture, combined with the most fixed 
and substantial habits of honor and integrity. 

A Ooon Time to Scbscribe. With this 
issue a new volume of the RdBAL Press begins. 
It is an opportune time to send in names of 
new subscribers. There are many persons who 
are borrowing the Kcrai. from neighbors who 
should themselves contribute to its support 
and thus enable us to still further improve the 
paper. It is also a good time for old friends to 
say a good word for us to the new comers in 
their neighborhoods, to whom the expe- 
rience coustantly set forth in our columns 
would lie of great benefit. We hear occasion- 
ally of those who took the Kcrai. years ago 
and for some reason or other allowed their sub- 
scriptions to lapse. It will be a good time to 
rally in all old patrons. Tell them that the 
paper is much more valuable than it used to be, 
that it is cheaper than it used to be, in fact 
that it has improved and become more desira- 
ble in every respect, and that if they begin 
again they will never quit so long as they live. 
And then if you wish to derive some benefit 
for the work you are willing to do for us, read 
the paragraph "Premiums for New Subscrib- 
ers" in another column—and may you all win 
them. 



Evaporated Cherries. 

The low price which cherries reached at the 
time of the greatest supply this season, and the 
great quantity of the fruit which was cracked 
and rendered unmarketable by the unusual 
rains, led some growers to put their evaporators 
at work on cherries. Mr. W. H. .Tessup, of 
Haywards, dried about three-quarters of a ton, 
and at the last meeting of the State Horticult- 
ural Society he made a statement concerning 
the yield anil other points in the drying which 
seemed to us of unusual interest. Since the 
meeting he has verified his results by careful 
and repeated tests, and at our request has 
furnished data therefrom for publication. He 
also accompanies his statement with samples of 
the evaporated fruit, and we can bear witness 
to its beauty and rich quality. 

Starting with 100 pounds of fresh fruit, the 

loss in pitting was li pounds, and in drying i.:: 

pounds, leaving .'il pounds of dried fruit from 

100 pounds, as it came from the tree. The 

value of this fruit, at a low estimate, is 30 cents 

per lb., or $9.30 for 31 pounds. The cost of 

the product may be figured as follows: 

Pitring anil putt ing on nays, il lion-- , 4n minutes, 

b) a green Chinaman, at "1 per da i ♦1.08 

Fuel ". lb 

loo Mis. fruit in the orchard, at <> rents per lb 6.UU 

87.21 

Subtracting this from (h* valuu ol the product 9.80 

Leaves a net profit, besides paying lor the fruit **.»» 

< >r this would be about equivalent to receiv- 
ing 8 cents per pound for the cherries in the 
orchard. The time consumed in the drying was 
."• hours, 40 minutes: temperature at 180° to 
200 Fahrenheit. Children with quick, nimble 
fingers, could make } to j cents per pound at 
pitting and placing the fruit on the trays. 

Mr. .lessup tried one tray of the Burr seedling, 
a cherry much softer and more juicy than the Na- 
p.ileon, and one that he supposed would shrink 
very much in drying, but the result astonished 
him. Out of 13] lbs of green or fresh fruit, he 
got 4!. lbs of well dried pitted fruit. He found 

that the at Kigareau or Monstrong Mozelle, 

yields still mote heavily. He confesses that he 

i was very much surprised at the remarkable 
yield of so soft and juicy a fruit as the cherry • 
Another very remarkable peculiarity of the 
cherry is its willingness to liberate its m i tore 
under heat. Another peculiarity is its freedom 
from dripping. Of the three-quarters of a tou 
dried by Mr. .lessup much was very ripe and 
soft— in fact so soft and juicy that one would 
think it would run through the trays. But, on 
the contrary, he did not see one drop of drip- 

! pings on the furnace, while in drying plums, 
prunes or peaches they would have to keep a 
constant watch on the furnace to keep 
it clear of the fast accumulating drippings, 
cleaning it off to avoid burning and smoking the 
fruit. The fruits mentioned, even though hard 
and firm, drip very freely under a high degree 
of heat. 

These observations are of interest and impor- 
tance and we would to have the experience and 
observation of others on the yield and behavior 
of cherries in the evaporator. We must have the 
results of all compared for the information of 
all, for this dried fruit interest is to be the 
balance wheel of our horticultural prosperity 



i iovernmknt Lvm> ash its Timber. — Thou- 
sands of acres of the best and most valuable 
forest lands of the State have been stripped of 
every available tree, without the pretense of a 
claim to the land; thousands more have been 
filed upon for no other reason than the strippirg 
of the forest and then abandoning it for another 
location in the name of John Smith or James 
Brown, No. 2, and no one to identify him as the 
same individual. Thousands of acres more 
have been fraudulently located under the home- 
stead act. But few of the men who file upon 
such lands ever intend to use it for agricultural 
purposes or make a permanent home, yielding 
but little revenue to the State as it is taxed at 
£2 ,->0 to £30 per acre. Much of that heavy 
timber-land mentioned above, has been assessed 
at only $."> per acre. 



American' Flour Manckaiture. There are 
in the United States and < 'anada the enormous 
number of 25,060 flouring mills. Suppose these 
mills have an average capacity of f>0 barrels per 
day, the average capacity of all would In- i, 
252, •"■< H 1 barrels. If they run 2li days per month 
they would produce in that time 32,565,600 
barrels, and in 12 months, 490,780,000 barrels, 
or enough flour to furnish each inhabitant of the 
earth with a quarter of a barrel of flour. 



Joly 5, 1884.] 



PA6IFI6 i^URAL p RESS. 



g 



Bartholdis Great Statue of Liberty. 

We give herewith aneDgraving of the famous 
statue of "Liberty Knlightening the World," 
designed by Bartholdi and presented by France 
to the people of the United States. The money 
was raised by popular subscription in France, 
and the funds were all subscribed in 1880 and 
the work of casting the bronze begun forthwith. 
Since that time the work has progressed to 
completion, and the raising of funds in this 
country to provide for the pedestal and for 
the erection of the statue has been under way. 

The huge torch-bearing hand of the figure 
was made first, and was exhibited at the Cen- 
tennial in 1876. After that it was taken to 
Madison square, New York city, where it 
waited for years the coming of the other mem- 
bers from France. It is impossible to give any 
adequate idea of the imposing magnitude of 
this figure from an engraving. Beside it, the 
collossus of Rhodes, the boldest achievement 
of ancient art, would appear but as a child. 

It is the intention to set the statue at the en- 
trance to New Y r ork harbor, on Bedloes island. 
Facing the sea, the statue will serve the double 
purpose of a light tower for the guidance of in- 
coming ships and a type of the grandeur of the 
New World, in its physical features and its 
political institutions and influence. Bedloes 
island is small, yet ample for the intended pur- 
pose. It will furnish a base for the statue, per- 
haps twenty feet or so above the water. On 
this will rest the pedestal 110 feet high. The 
statue to the flame of the torch in the uplifted 
right hand is 145 feet high. This will make the 
light at least '275 feet above the level of New 
York bay, making it visible many miles at sea. 
The statue is cast in bronze, in pieces of man. 
ageable size, to be rivited together when 
erected upon its permanent site. 

Mr. Bartholdi is an Alsatian by birth and 
has achieved an enviable fame as a sculptor, 
several of his works being of gigantic size. 
After the Franco- Prussian war he spent several 
months traveling in this country. Subsequently 
he was chosen by the French government to 
prepare a suitable testimonial for the sympathy 
and diplomatic service rendered by the United 
States during the investment of Paris, and the 
result, a statue of Lafayette, now graces Union 
Square, in New York city. 

As an American undertaking, a colossal 
statue of this kind and for the purpose stated 
might seem unbecomingly ambitious, not to .say 
bombastic, but as a gift from a friendly ana ap- 
preciative republic across the sea its design and 
purpose cannot be misconstrued. 

The exhibition of this great work in our col- 
umns we deem especially appropriate to the 
occasion of the National Holiday. The idea 
expressed in the commanding figure in the en- 
graving is the same in essence as that which 
was declared July 1,177b, and which is the 
mainspring of our great success and progress 
as a nation. 



ings, and to weaken if not entirely destroy the 
confidence" of his countrymen. The President 
added a touching appeal to respect "the gray 
hairs of a man who has passed the prime of his 
life in the service of the country," that he might 
"be suffered to pass quietly to his grave." 



Padre Junipero Serra. 

The following address has been issued to the 
people of California, and signed by Cov. Stone- 
man and about fifty of the most influential 
citizens of the State: 

On the 28th of August, next, California will 
commemorate the one hundredth anniversary of 
the death of her first pioneer, the founder of 
Indian missions, Padre Junipero Serra. After 
a long life of sufferings, sacrifices and hard labor, 



on it, and the total cost is estimated at about 
$15,000. 

It is hoped that the work will be completed 
by the 28th of August next, and the centennial 
anniversary of the death of the energetic pioneer 
will see his work as it stood when his body was i 
laid under the flags. We now make an appeal 
to the people of California, irrespective of creed, 
to pay a tribute of respect to the memory of 
this venerable man by assisting with their means 
in the restoration of the old ston; pile, that it 
may stand, through coming ages, a monument 
over the grave of one whom we revere, respect 
and love. 

We ask Californians to help this undertaking 
by forming committees in every town, and 
forward their collections to Father Casanova, 
at Monterey, that this building, one of the first 
fruits of civilization in our beloved State, may 
be restored, and the centennial anniversary of 



I 



mm 



I s -' R.Ki >1I j,..tjn , Lu.uC.- 



Washington Maligned. 

As this year's Declaration Day comes at the 
opening of what will no doubt be a heated cam- 
paign for the Presidency of the United States, 
it will do to bear in mind that many ill reports 
of honored men will no doubt be set afloat by 
conscienceless partisans on either side. It 
should not be forgotten for a moment that such 
reports are set out from interested motives, and 
will be in many cases wholly false, either in 
fact or application. This has long been one of 
the unfortunate things in our political life. 

The brightest name in American history is 
that of President Washington. During the last 
year of his Presidency, he was grievously 
maligned. Chief Justice Marshall, in his Life 
of Washington, says: "With equal virulence, 
the military and the political character of the 
President was attacked, and he was avowed to 
be totally destitute of merit, either as a soldier 
or a statesman. The calumnies with which he 
was assailed were not confined to his public 
conduct; even his qualities as a man were the 
subject of detraction. . His impeachment 
was publicly suggested, and that he had drawn 
from the treasury for his private use more than 
the salary annexed to his office was unblush- 
ingly asserted." Against him, as against Gen- 
eral Garfield, forgery was employed. His last 
official letter as President, addressed to the Sec- 
retary of State, puts on record Washington's 
"solemn declaration that the letters herein 
described are a base forgery, and that I never 
saw or heard of them till they appeared in 
print." In the first draft of Washington's 
Farewell Address, with burning indignation, he j 
wrote that "some of the gazettes of the United ! 
States," by misrepresentation and falsehood, 
had sought "to wound his reputation and feel- 1 




LIBERTY ENLIGHTENING THE WORLD-Bartholdi. 



in the service of his beloved Indian flocks, this 
venerable priest yielded up his spirit to God, 
and his body was laid at rest under the stone 
flags of the old church of San Carlos, in Carmelo 
valley, the scene of his labors and death. The 
Mission of San Carlos, first established at 
Monterey on the 3d of June, 1770, and removed 
to Carmelo in December of the same year, was 
the second mission founded in Upper California 
by Father Serra, President of the Franciscan 
Missions. Of the twenty-one missions estab- 
lished in California a few are well preserved, 
others are in ruins, and of some not a vestige is 
left to mark the spot where they once stood. 
The most picturesque and poetic of these 
historic landmarks of our State, and the noblest 
work of Padre Serra, is the old stone church of 
San Carlo3 at Carmelo, and it is a sad spectacle 
and a reproach to California to see this vener- 
able pile, through neglect and apathy, slowly 
crumbling into dust. Inexorable time has laid 
his finger on this relic of religion and civiliza- 
tion, and leveling it to earth, until, quite 
recently, the Rev. Angclo D. Casanova, the 
pastor of Monterey, undertook to stop the work 
of destruction and preserve to California this 
monument of the life and labors of the venerable 
Padre Serra and his last resting place, and also 
that of some of his co-laborers in the missions, 
and a few of the early Governors of Cali- 
fornia. The restoration of the old church is 
going on. Already $4,000 has been expended 



Junipero Surra's death commemorated in a 
manner worthy of the good pioneer priest. 



Premiums kok Subscribers. — Those who be- 
lieve in the value of the Rural Press, and 
who would Ike to help themselves to some pure 
bred live stock, are requested to read the state- 
ment in another column concerning "Premiums 
for New Subscribers." Two of our friends who 
know that the Rural is worth a lift, have 
generously offered to give specimens of their 
tine live stock to those who will secure the 
greatest number of new subscribers for the ', 
Rural during the next few months. This will 
give all amateur solicitors a chance to see what 
they can do, as all professional agents are ex- 
cluded from competition. Mrs. Raynor's offer 
has been before our readers for a week or two, 
and we hope some have already gone to work 
for it. Mr. Rider's offer is announced for the 
first time in this issue. We hope this offer, 
and the interest which the contest for it will 
awaken, will excite our swine breeding readers 
to write more for the Rural. This department 
is now the most silent of all we embrace in the 
Rur \ L field. The poultry people are cackling 
finely; the bee keepers are beginning to hum; 
but we seldom get even a grunt from the swine 
interest. We would like to have a great deal 
more hog for our columns, 



Fourth, of July in San Francisco. 

[Written for the Rural Tress by M. 15. H] 

Oh, list to the thunder of cannon. 

Oh, list to the noise of the gun; 
See the bright banners float in the azure, 

Below see the bright currents run 
Of men in their uniforms handsome, 

Of women in gorgious array, 
Of children like butterflies blithesome, 

For this is the glorious day — 

The Fourth of July when our country, 

Stepped down from the throne of her birth, 
To take up her stand among nations- 

The youngest and proudest on earth. 
O'er the mountains and wide-spreading valleys, 

She stretches her beautiful arms; 
To a standard of freedom she rallies 

Her sons, till the whole world she charms. 

And here by the gentle Pacific, 

That is tinged with the sun's setting gold, 
Is a queen 'mong her cities prolific, 

With beauties that ever unfold. 
And here by the gate of the ocean - 

The beautiful Golden G.'te — 
Sits the gentle-browed goddess of freedom, 

Watching the ships of her fate. 

From the hill in the heart of the city, 

That is crowned with the wealth of the West, 
My eyes wander down to the harbor, 

Where the queens of the sea lie at rest. 
See the cities that circle the waters, 

And the fort-studded isles of the bay 
There the star spangled banner is floating 

In the pride of her glory to-day. 

Rut through the bright, fluttering banners 

Of scarlet and azure and white, 
And the heat of the drums and the marching 

Of men in tfieir uniforms bright. 
Where the joy of a nation is pictured, 

Let us glance at the circles of years, 
When the price of their glory was ransomed, 

And guarded with blood and with tears. 

For here in my own swelling bosom, 

Is a sorrow that never can cease, 
Until healed by a meeting in heaven 

With a spirit that now is at peace. 
Faraway, near the range of White Mountains, 

I dwelt with my brother— a child; 
We spent our sweet youth near the fountains 

That welled in those vistas so wild. 

lie was fair, he was manly and tender, 

His voice— it was sweeter than song; 
I lis life had a promise of splendor, 

He was cherished by nearly a throng. 
A father and brothers and sisters 

Seemed to live in his joy and his grief, 
But there came a sad call from his country, 

And he went to his country's relief. 

I le was fair in the garb of a soldier- 
So manly and gallant and brave, - 

With a will that could sway the wide columns 
To freedom that marched, or the grave. 

With the music and grandeur of battle, 
They went from their own native slopes; 

And left us alone to auait them 
With our sorrow and prayers, and our hepei. 

Oh, the anguish of waiting, and waiting 

For the news of the battle to come; 
Oh, to startle froni'sluinber at midnight. 

When the heart hears the beat of the drum. 
To dream of tho'se glowing cheeks pallid, 

And the sigh of his last fainting breath, 
To know that our own cherished darling 

Must face the black muzzles of death. 

In the grim, bloody battle of Shiloh, 

In the smoke of the powder, and boom 
Of the thundering cannon that belches 

The tire and missiles of doom - 
When the earth's shrinking bosom was crimson, 

And men, with the shot and the shell 
Lay wounded and dying, our darling 

Was one of the heroes that fell. 

Our Lnuis * so manly ai d tender, 

Lul off in the pride of his youth; 
Did the dew kiss his brow of white splendor 

Stern death, kiss those sweet lips of truth .-' 
Will that clear voice ne'er ring in the battle, 

That strong arm ne'er strike for the right? 
Hear the river sob: "Louis is dyin.n 

In the battle of Shiloh at night." 

Boom on. ye light cannon, and flutter 

Ye glorious flags of the free! 
These eyes ne'er shall view your bright glory, 

But the phantom of Shiloh shall be 
Like a blackened mirage in the heaven, 

That rings the deep chords of my heart; 
And this is the ransom of freedom — 

The ransom that teardrops should start. 

Oh, may a heart 'mong the millions 

That join in the joy of this day, 
Feel the same thrill that my bosom 

Acknowledges now to hold sway. 
Let all of us, in our rejoicing, 

To speed on the golden-winged hours, 
Fntwine the bright banners of freedom 

With snowy memorial flowers. 

''The hero of the latter verses was Louis Ko^e 
Belknap, of New Hampshire. 



Brax for Manure.— Agricultural writers, 
says the Milter's Review, are now amusing them- 
selves by telling their readers how much manure 
a ton of bran will make. The latest writer says 
it will produce 814.50 worth. This is at the 
rate of three-fourths of a cent a pound for the 
bran. Pretty good material for manure this, 
and the only one we ever heard of that would 
give such results. We know of some mills, 
however, which might turn out this 
kind of bran. They are not called flour mills 
now-a-days, however. They arc now known aa 
corn cob mills. 



10 



PA6IFI6 I^URAL p>RESS. 



[Jdlv 5, 188-1 



Fourth of July. 

Maine, from her farthest border, gives the first exult- 
ing shout, 

And from New Hampshire's granite heights, ihc 

echoing peal rings out; 
The mountain farms of Standi Vermont prolong the 

thundering call, 
And Massachusetts answers, "Hunker II ill" a 

watchword for us all. 
Khodc Island shakes her sea-wet locks, acclaiming 

with the free. 

And staid Connecticut breaks forth in joyous 
harmony. 

I he giant joy of proud New V'ork, loud as an earth- 
quakes roar, 

Is heard from Hudson's crowded banks to Erie's 
crowded shore. 

Still on, the looming volley rolls o'er plain and 
tlowery glades, 

To where the Mississippi's flood the turbid gulf in- 
vades; 

1 here, l>orne from many a mighty stream upon ha 

mightier tide, 
Come down 'he swelling, long huzzas from all that 

vallev wide. 

And wood-crowned Alleghany's call, from all her 

summits high, 
Reverberates among the rocks that pierce the sunset 

sky; 

M hile on the shores and through the swales, round 

the vast inland seas, 
The stars and stripes, 'midst freemen's songs, are 

flashing to the breeze; 
The woodsman, from the mother, takes his boy upon 

his knee, 

And tells him how their fathers fought and bled for 
liberty; 

The lonely hunter sits him down the forest spring 
beside, 

To think upon his country's worth, and feel his 

country's pride; 
While many ft foreign accent, which our God can 

understand, 

Is blessing Hirn for home and bread in this free, 
fertile land. 

Yes, when upon the Eastern coast we sink to happy 
rest, 

The Day of Independence rolls still onward to the 
West, 

till dies on the Pacific shore the shout of jubilee, 
that woke the morning with its vstaz along the 
Atlantic sea. 

0, God! look down upon the land which thou has 

loved so well. 
And grant that in unbroken truth her children still 
may dwell; 

Nor, while the grass grows on the hill, and streams 
flow through the Vftlo, 

May they forget their lather's faidi, or in their cove- 
nant fail. 

Keep, God, the fairest, noblest land thai lies beneath 
the sun — 

"Our country, our whole country, and our country, 
ever more." 

Suggestions to Patriotic Women About 
Celebration of Foremothers' Day. 

Aa we have from time to time suggested in 
these columns the importance of devoting the 
evening of the .'Id or a portion of the 4th of 
. I uly to a commemoration of the services of the 
patriotic women of America, we would aleo re 
Rpectfully recommend that in rural homes or in 
villages or cities where no public observance 
of the foremothers is held, that at least a 
family circle be formed, or neighbors group to- 
gether for the singing of the good old patriotic 
music, for recitations by the children, and con- 
versations of the parents in regard to the great 
women of America who have so nobly wrought, 
toiled anil sacrificed for their beloved America 

Abagail Adams, Mary < >tis Warren, Martha 
Washington, Mary Washington, Lucretia Mott, 

1. yndia Maria Child, Anna Klla Carroll, and 
the glorious list whose names alone would till 
our allotted space. We would be glad of a re- 
port of every such patriotic observance. 

FOREMOTHERS' DAY AT ORION. 

Foremothers' Day is to be celebrated quite 
impressively at Orion, 111., the excrcies to be 
under the auspices of the Woman Suffrage 
Association. Mrs. Helen M. Cougar, of Lafay- 
ette, Ind., is to be the Orator of the Day, while 
Mrs. M. K. Holmes, of Galva, will preside. 
We hear rumors of a new declaration of inde- 
pendence to be read, and other interesting ex- 
ercises. We believe there is to be a poem by 
Mrs. .lulia Mills Dunn, of Molinc, etc. 

otR PATRIOTIC mothers. 

"Read the fresh annals of our land; the gathering 
dust of time 

Not yet has fallen on the scroll to dim the tale 
sublime. 

I here woman's glory proudly shines, for w illingly 

she gave 

The costlielh offerings to Uphold the generous and 
brave. 

Whatever strong-armed man hath wrought, what- 
ever he hath won, 
That goal hath woman also reached, that action 
hath she done." 

Suitable Songs. 
In response to special requests for words to 
songs suitable to be sung on Foremothers' Day, 
we republish the following: 

SONG Of FREEDOM — KY KATIE T, VVoiMls. 
A ir — ' 'A merica. " 

Our Rather, God of love. 
Cook on us from above. 
We work and wait. 
In thine own holv way. 



Bring us the glorious day 
Whi n equal rights shall sway 
Both Church and State. 

Lei woman's voice be beard 
And hearts of men be stirred 

To nobler deeds; 
Send thou thy servants giaie, 
(iive righteousness high place, 
Corruption foul efface, 

Regard our needs. 

Let men confess their wrong 
And join our sacred song 

With power and might. 
Let justice rule and reign 
Anil every tongue proclaim, 
In Thy dear, sacred name, 

Freedom and right. 

Let not our land so bright 
Be cursed with moral blight. 

Dear God of love. 
From war's foul curse may wc 
Forever more be free; 
Give us true liberty, 

Great God above. 

THE NEW AMERICA — BY ELIZABETH BOY N TON 
HARBERT. 

I'oinposoil for the Convention of the N. W. S. A., Iichl at 
Washington, 1). C, Jan. 23, 24, IS, 1SJ>3.| 
Our country now from thee, 
Claim we our liberty, 

In freedom's name. 
Guarding home's altar fires, 
Daughters of patriot sires, 
Their zeal our own inspires 
Justice to claim. 

Women in even- age. 
For this great heritage. 

Tribute have paid — 
Our birthright claim we now — 
Longer we refuse to bow; 
On freedom's altar now, 

Our hand is laid. 

Sons w ill you longer see. 
Mothers on bended knee, 

For justice pray? 
Rise, now in manhood's might, 
To speed the daw ning light 
With earth's great souls unite 

Of freedom's day. 

Our garnered sheaves we yield. 
Gleaned from each glorious field, 

Women have wrought. 
Truth's standard raising high, 
Ready to do and die, 
Enriching life for aye, 

With deed and thought. 

< irateful for freedom won — 
1 he work so well begun, 

Patriots by thee! 
Knded shall never be, 
L'ntil from sea to sea, 
Choru-»d the song shall be, 

Women are free. 

Our Patriot Poets 

THE RISING — BY THOMAS BUCH ANAN READ. 

Out of the North the w ild news came, 
Far flashing on its wings of flame. 
Swift as the boreal light which Hies 
At midnight through the starded skies. 

And there was tumult in the air 
The fife's shrill note, the drum's loud beat;' 
And through the wide land everywhere. 
The answering tread of hurrying feet. 
While the first oath of freedonis's gun, 
Came on the blast from Lexington. 

And Concord roused, no longer tame. 
Forgot her old baptismal name. 
Made bare her patriot arm of power. 
And swelled the discord of the hour. 
• • * ' * • # * 

Such was the v oice that fiercely rung 

From brave New England's rocks and pines, 

Such were the notes that echo flung 

Far southward from its clarion tongue, 

Through all the Allcghanian lines; 

And every homestead heard the call , 

And one great answer flamed through all. 

Each sacred hearthstone, di-ep and wide. 
Through many a night glowed bright and full; 
The Nation's great wheel at its side, 
No more devoured the carded wool. 

And now the maiden's smaller wheel 
No longer felt the throbbing tread, 
But stood beside the idle reel. 
Among its idle flax and thread. 

No more the jovial song went round, 
No more the ringing laugh was heard; 
But every voice had a solemn sound, 
And some stern purpose filled each woid. 
The hands of heaven made silken soft, 
To soothe the brow of love or pain, 
Alas ! arc dulled and soiled too oft 
By some unhallowed earthly stain, 

But under the celestial bound 
No nobler picture can be found 
Than woman brave in word and deed, 
Thus serving in her nation's need, 
Her love is w'th her country now, 
Her h;.nd is on its aching brow. 

The maid who binds her warrior's SBSt), 
With smile that well her pain dissembles, 
The while beneath her drooping lash 
One starry tear-drop hangs and tremble. 

Though heaven alone records the tear, 
And lame shall never know her story, 

Her heait has shed a drop as clear 
As e'er bedewed the field of glorv. 

The wife who girds her husband's sword, 
'Mid little ones who weep or wonder, 
And bravely speaks the cheering word, 
What though her heart be rent asunder, 
Doomed nightly in he- dreams to hear 
The bolts of death around him raltle— 



Hath shed as sacred blood as e'er 
Was i>oured upoa the field of battle. 

'The mother who xmceals her grief 
While to her heart her son she presses; 
Then breathes a few brave words and brief, 
Kisses the patriot brow she blesses, 
With no one but her secret God 
To know the pain that weighs upon her — 
Sheds holy blood as e'er the sod 
Received on freedom's field of honor. 

whither. 

Life greatens in these later years, 
The century's aloe flowers to-day. 

— Show hound . 

Our father, God I from out whose hand 
The centuries fall like grains of sand, 
We meet to-day, united, free, 
And loyal to our land and Thee: 
We thank 'Thee for the era done. 
And trust Thee for the opening one. 

Centennial Hymn. 

JULIA WARD HOWE. 

Then woman comes with patient hand, 
With loving heart of high command 
'To save the Councils of the land. 
Mothers! the wrongs of ages wait! 
Amend them, ministers of fate, 
Redeem the Church, reform the Slate! 

LOWELL. 

All honor and praise to the women and men 
Who spoke out for the dumb and the down trodden 
then ! 

I need not to name them, already for each 
1 see History preparing the statue and niche. 
So a wreath, twine a wreath for the loyal and true. 
Who, for the sake of the many, dared stand with the 
few. 

Abigail Adam's Letters. 
In February, 1 7!»7, -lohn Adams was elected 
President of the United States, to succeed 
Washington. On this occasion Abigail Adams 
addressed the following letter to her husband: 

'The sun is dressed in brightest beams 
To give thy honors to the day. 

And may it prove an auspicious prelude to each 
coming season. You have this day to declare your- 
self the head of a Nation. And now, O Lord, mv 
God, thou hast made Thy servant ruler over the 
people; give unto him an understanding heart, that 
he may know how to go out and come in belore this 
Thy so great people, that he may discern between 
good and bi d. For w ho is able to judge this 'Thy 
so great a people, were the words of a loyal 
sovereign, and not less applicable to him who is 
invested with the chief magistracy of a nation, 
though he wear not a crown nor the robes of royalty. 
My thoughts and my meditations are w ith you, though 
|>ersonallv absent, and my petitions to heaven are 
that things which make for peace may not be hidden 
from your eyes. My feelings are not those of pride; 
they are solemnized by a sense of the obligations, 
the important trusts and numerous duties connected 
with it. 'That you may be enabled to discharge 
them with honor to yourself, with justice ami impar- 
tiality to your country, and with satisfaction to this 
great people shall br mv daily prayer. 

Abigail Adams. 

The following are extracts from a letter of 
Abigail Adams to her son John C'uincy Adams: 

Of the talents put in y our hands an account 
will be required hereafter, and being possessed 
of one, two, or four, see to it that you double 
the number. 

You are in possession of a naturally good un 
derstanding and of spirits unbroken by adversity 
and untamed with care. Improve your under- 
standing by acquiring useful knowledge, and 
virtue, honor, truth, and integrity are added 
to them . Adhere to those religious sentiments 
and principles which were early instilled into 
your mind, and remember you are accountable 
to your maker for your words and actions. 

You have entered early in life upon the great 
thereatcr of the world, which is full of 
temptations and vice of every kind. You are 
not wholly unacquainted with history, in which 
you have read of crimes which your inex- 
perienced mind could scarcely believe credible. 
You must keep a strict guard upon you i self, 
or the odious monster will loose its terror by be- 
coming familiar to you. 

Young as you are, the cruel war into which 
wc have been compelled by the haughty tyrant 
of Britain and the bloody emissaries of his ven- 
geance may stamp upon your mind this certain 
truth, that the welfare and prosperity of all 
countries and communities, and I may add in- 
dividuals, depend upon their morals. — Inter 
Orenii. 

The Ladus Will Celebrate. 

t,'uitc a novel Fourth of July celebration will 
be that at Lodi, San Joaquin county, where the 
ladies have assumed control of the festivities in 
virtue of their, 'eap year privileges, which per- 
tain to them this year. The Vulli y A', ri n- gays 
the event gives promise of being in every way 
equal to the celebrations conducted by the 
gentlemen in the past. The following pro- 
gramme and order of the day has been decided 
upon: <■ rand Marshal, Mrs. E. R. Pease: Aids, 
J. Dougherty, Kent Keagle; President of the 
Day, Mrs. Laura De Force Gordon; Chaplain, 
Mrs. Win. Moore; opening chorus, America; 
reading Declaration of Independence. Miss Bell 
Limbaugh; Star Spangled Banner, by young 
ladies: oration, Mrs. Clara S. Folt/.: Red, White 
and Blue, by twenty-five little girls; reading of 
poem, Miss Alida Allison; Y'ankee Doodle, by 
everybody. Afternoon. -Vocal music, Broom 
Rrigade. Committee on Invitation, Stockton- 
Mrs. Louttit, Mrs, Swinncrton; Wooilbridgc— 



Mrs. Dr. Bentley, Miss Annie Newton; Locke- 
ford— Miss Amelia Bruml, Miss Belle Sheridan: 
Acampo-Mrs. Briggs; Linden -Mrs. Daven- 
port, Miss Klla Russell; New Hope— Mrs 
Thornton, Mrs. Beckwith; Lodi— Mrs. Geo. 
( luff, Mrs. Carver, Mrs. Wardrobe. 

A later account of the progress of the arrange- 
ments is from the Lodi fiVillinf as follows: The 
ladies of lx>di arc working with a will to make 
their celebration a success. One of the grand 
features of the day will be the equestrian 
brigade, that will join in the procession. The 
brigade consisting of about fifty ladies is under 
the supervision of ('apt. Tracy who has been 
drilling them for some time. The ladies have 
secured caps and sashes; also trappings for their 
horses. The Broom Brigade is to be something 
new, and fifty girls arc in the company. Aside 
from Miss Rodgers who will sing in the fore- 
noon, other musical talent will be offered during 
the afternoon: i"> to SO little girls will form a 
glee club to entertain the people by singing 
patriotic songs. The ladies desire the business 
men and societies to make their arrangements to 
form in procession in time to reach the groTc 
by 11 o'clock a. m.; they also want it under 
stood that after the literary exercises at the 
grove are over the celebration will resolve itself 
into a huge basket picnic and those coming 
from a distance will find good coffee and tea 
reparcd on the ground. Come everybody and 
ring your lunch-basket, your wife and your 
babies and enjoy a genuine home picnic and 
celebration combined. 

Plymouth Rock. 

Two hundred and fifty years ago, our Fathers 
lighted a feeble watch-fire on the Rock of Ply- 
mouth. It has never gone out: it burns there; 
it burns here; it burns in every State in the 
1'nion. 

It Hashed first on the Atlantic; now its lights 
gleam on the Pacific wave. It will burn on 
for ages, and nothing but the daylight dawn of 
eternity will put it out by superior brightness. 
Kven in Old England there are not wanting 
those who mark upon the calendar of remem 
brance the 21st of December. 

As the sun leaves those shores and wheels 
hitherward, every hour awakes in rank the 
States that celebrate that memorable date. 
Where there is a drop of New England blood, 
there will be holy thoughts and grateful mem- 
ories. 

No m in born in New England will ever forget 
his mother, though her breast was granite and 
her kiss frost. To-night, then, in every State 
of the 1'nion, there will be a time for grateful 
retrospection. Maine, amid her snows, will 
rehearse the story that never wears out by 
telling. 

New Hampshire, from amid her hills and 
mountains, will send back a grateful remem 
brance to the past, and an "All Hail" to the 
future. 

Vermont, her green hills now tucked up in 
white for their winter's sleep, will recount to 
Rer children the story of the winter day and 
the welcomeless landing. 

And Virginia! What shall she say? Uncover 
the head; draw near with me that I may ask, 
not those who forget, but those who remember 
Washington. Hark: To-night Mt. Vernon 
offers a greeting of holy reverence to Plymouth 
Rock; and sweeping westward, every State 
shall send patriotic thoughts to the ancestral 
shrine. 

Yea, across the plains, along the mountain 
slopes, in the cabin of the wearied miner, all 
down the coast of California and Oregon, there 
shall be a grateful recognition of the Pilgrim 
Fathers; and from the gigantic evergreens of 
( alaveras goes a greeting to the pine trees of 
all New England. 

By the God of the Pilgrims: 1 say to the 
North "Give up:" and to the South, "Keep not 
back, but bring my sons from afar, and my 
daughters from the end of the earth, and rev- 
erence the name of the Pilgrims!" 

Let the Savannah murmur it; let the Mis- 
sissippi sound it; let the Chespeakeand the Del- 
aware bear the chorus to the sea; then let the 
Atlantic speak and the Pacific answer, "deep 
calling unto deep.'' 



A New Sunday SCHOOL 8eM0 Book. -Oliver 
Ditson A Co., of Boston, have just published 
"Song Worship" by L. O. Emerson and W. F. 
Sherwin. The authors of this little work should, 
if any two people do, know what is needed, and 
should be able to manufacture the right article. 
Mr. Sherwin, who has had charge of the music 
at Chautauqua, and other prominent assem- 
blages of religious and educational people, is in 
just the position to feel the pulse of the Sunday- 
school public. If he says a higher style of 
Sunday-school music is needed, it is very likely 
to be so. Of Mr. Emerson's fine tast and ability 
there can be no question. "Song Worship" has 
l!l - .' pages, of which three are devoted to the 
large Index, and another page to a convenient 
"Index of Subjects." The nearly .'W0 Songs 
and Hymns ought to satisfy most people with 
their plenty and variety. 



Nebraska State Fair. Wc acknowledge 
with thanks the receipt of a complimentary 
ticket to the Nebraska State Fair which will be 
held at Omaha, Sept. .">th to P2th. The sec 
retary of the State Society is Hon. Kobt. W . 
Furnas, who.n our readers will remember as 
oneof the Arid Land ( 'ommisaioners who visited 
and reported upon California in the summer of 
1881, 



July 5, 1884.] 



pAeiFie RURAL PRESS. 



n 




The Great California Insect-Exterminating Wonder. New Crop Now Ready. 



DIRECTIONS FOR THE EXTERMINATION OF ALL KINDS OF INSECT PESTS : 



In order to understand the most effective methods of using Buhach, it 
will be necessary to read these directions very carefully, for they have 
been thoroughly tested before recommending them to public use. If 
Buhach is used according to directions, the extermination of the trouble- 
some pests is certain. 

HOUSE FLIES.-In a H ouse, Hotel, Restaurant, Podge-room, or 
any other indoor apartment, close all the doors and windows, and with our 
Insufflator fill the atmosphere with the fine powder of Buhach, taking care 
that each window-sill and sash is powdered. Flies and other insects will 
be exterminated in a few minutes. Never buy Buhach in paper, but in 
cans, and see that they are sealed and covered by our TRADE MARK. 

ANTS.— If in the house, sprinkle the Buhach by Insufflator across the 
trails, and in all places where they frequent. If the first operation does 
not clear them out it must be repeated, following them to their burrows, 
if possible. This will never fail to do the work satisfactorily; but in all 
oases Buhach must be used liberally, and from original cans protected by 
our Trade Mark. 

BEDBUGS. Sprinkle Buhach from Insufflator in beds and bedding, 
and insufflate the powder in every hole and crevice of the bedstead and 
walls of the room. Success will not attend your efforts unless you use 
genuine Buhach. 

Kirk wood, Missouri, March 3, 1884. 
Buhach Producing and Manufacturing Co., Stork-ton— Gentlemen : As to the merits of 
yonr Insecticide, BUHACH, I can say, in all sincerity, that it gives me pleasure to testify to its 
value. During the past three years I have had occasion to test it thoroughly, in a series of ex- 
periments conducted under the direction of the Entomologist of the United States Department 
of Agriculture, and I do not hesitate to pronounce it the best article of its kind offered to the 
public. This is taking into consideration the perfect safety in handling, the lack of unpleasant 
odors, and where used on vegetation, the absence of injurious effects on the foliage or flowers, in 
connection with its efficacy in destroying noxious insects. I have used it chiefly as a powder, 
either pure or combined with various proportions of flour or air-slacked lime, or as an infusion 
m.water. As for household pests, such as flies, mosquitos, bugs, etc., it seems to be an absolute 
specific. Yours respectfully, MISS M. E. MURFELDT. 

FLEAS IN HOUSES, ETC.— The powder must be used liberally all over the premises, as 
well as on the underclothing of persons. This must be repeated daily until the insects are ex- 
terminated, and this is generally done after a few thorough applications. The sprinkling of 
Buhach in stockings and the seams of underclothing will prevent fleas from troubling the wearer; 
only be sure the Buhach is pure and bears our Trade Mark. 

COCKROACHES.— This terrible pest can be easily exterminated bv liberal insufflation of 
Buhach into cracks and crevices of floors and other hiding places in kitchens of private dwellings, 
restaurants, hotels, ships and steamers. Ask your druggists and grocers for our Buhach in un- 
broken cans, covered by our Trade Mark. Take none from broken packages, and you will 
meet with astonishing success. 

COTTON WORMS.— We make the following extract from the report of the United States 
Entomologist, in the Annual Report of the Department of Agriculture for the years 1881 82, 
page 80: 

"BUHACH IN SIMPLE WATER SOLUTION, —So far as our experiments go, this 
method is by far the simplest, most economical and efficient. The bulk of the powder is most 
easily dissolved in water, to which it at once imparts the insecticide power. No constant stir- 
ring is necessary, and the liquid is to be applied in the same manner as the diluted extract. The 
finer the spray in which the lluid is applied the more economical is its use, and the greater the 
chance of reaching every insect on the plant." 

MOTHS AND MILLERS. -Ill Carpets, Furs, Feathers and Woolen Goods of all de- 
scriptions, if the Buhach be well sprinkled over and around such goods several times during the 
spring and summer, it will keep them in perfection, and free from insects or their depredations. 
Many are disappointed from allowing the dealer to put up the powder for them in paper pack- 
ages, from open cans, which are often filled by unscrupulous traders with some inferior article. 
Buy only in original cans and you will always succeed. 

WEEVIL IN GRAIN- Sprinkle the Buhach over the wheat piles in a warehouse, or in 
mills, where weevil is known to exist, closing the doors and windows. The application should 
be made in the evening, or before closing for the night. We have prepared a bellows attach- 
ment so that the powder can be sprinkled at a distance. This apparatus is extensively used by 
Warehousemen, Millers, Restaurant, Saloon and Hotel Keepers, Shipmasters, Poultry Growers, 
Horticulturists, Vegetable C rowers, and others. 

Cheery Valley, III., June 1(5, 1880. 
Proprietor's of Buhach Producing and Manufacturing Company — Gentlemen : The package 
of Buhach Powder and Insufflator reached me in good order on the 1-tth instant. I have been 
busy all day yesterday in experimenting on the weevil in my mills, and I must say thai it does 
the business most effectually, so far as I have used it. They die in a very few minutes after 
coming in contact with the powder. 1 have used the powder that is sold here in drug stores for 
that purpose, and it does not amount to anything compared with yours. I think by judicious 
advertising a large amount of it might be sold in this State and the States adjoining. 

Yours truly, D. C. BECKER. 

SCREW WORM. — Prof. C. V . Riley says: "One of the most important discoveries, inci- 
dental to the work of the United States Entomological Commission, which we have made during 
the year is that Buhach may be successfully employed against this pest also. I'rof. J. P. Stelle, 
one of the agents of the Commission, thus writes from San Marcos, Texas: 'Buhach is a never- 
failing remedy for the notorious Screw Worm. The application is made by simply dusting a 
little of the dry powder over the sore: the worm being an air-breather, soon takes in the effect 
and dies.' " 




FLEAS ON DOGS AND CATS, AND LICE ON CATTLE.— The 

free application of Buhach, using our Insufflator, over the entire body of 
any domestic animal, taking care to turn the hair with one hand, while 
insufflating with the other, rubbing the powder in well at the same time, 
so as to penetrate the skin, will, in a very short time, cause all the vermin 
to drop off the animals. Buhach is safe and harmless to man or beast, but 
be sure you have unadulterated Buhach. 

MOSQUITOES AND GNATS.— Close the doors and windows of a 
room orjiouse, and by placing two to four tablespoonfuls of Buhach in a 
heap upon a tin plate or stove shovel; set fire to same and carry it round 
the room, taking care that the smoke shall penetrate under the bed and 
clothing, in closets and under all furniture. They can also be exterminated 
by using the powder in the same manner as directed for house Hies; but 
the genuine article bearing our Trade Mark is the only safe remedy. 

CHICKEN LICE. Buhach will render immense service to poultry 
raisers in ridding fowls of this pest if applied frequently in the hen-houses 
and roosting places, and in the nests, as well as the feathers of the fowls. 
In every instance be sure you have Buhach, and that the can is an original 
package. Many dealers will insist on your trying something better, or 
as good. Don't do it, stand firm and use nothing but Buhach. 



ALL INSECTS— Such as Scale Bugs, Codlin Mothb, Potato Beetles, Cotton Worms, Cab- 
bage Worms, Diabrotica, Vine-hoppers, Aphides and all insects injurious to garden and green- 
house plants, even the dreaded Phylloxera, and the many thousands of others, too numerous to 
mention, can be utterly exterminated by the judicious use of the following preparation : Take 
one pound of Buhach and one quart of spirits or alcohol and mix well; add immediately from 
five to fifty gallons of water, according to the species of insects you wish to destroy. Spray the 
same with any suitable force pump, using the Cyclone Nozzle, made by Thomas Sommerville & 
Sons, Washington, D. C, for which we are the Pacific Coast Agents. We find that by the use 
of the Cyclone Nozzle, every part of a tree, vine, shrub or plant can be economically sprayed 
without injury to buds, fruit, or flowers; and as the discharge orifice is so small, very little of 
the liquid preparation is used at a time. Prof. A. J. Cook, of Lansing, Michigan, has found 
that one pound of Buhach mixed with '200 gallons of water was still potent to kill the imported 
cabbage worm; while Prof. E. W. Hilgard, of the University of California, writes us under 
date of March 8, 1884, as follows : 

" As regards the Buhach extract, I find it very much more efficacious than the tea or powder 
out of doors. The obvious reason is that the essential oil, which is the efficacious substance, is 
prevented from volatilizing too quickly, by the resin witli which it is naturally associated, and 
which is also dissolved by the alcohol. The active substance is thus, as it were, fastened to the 
insect, and not only stupifies temporarily, but kills by its continued action, from which the most 
active ' bug ' cannot escape. For the same reason the powder may be successfully applied out 
of doors in connection with alkaline or soap washes, which dissolve the resin and the active oil; 
but even in this case the extract is preferalde. I have myself been surprised by the effect pro- 
duced on the hairy Tent Caterpillar by water containing the extract of one pound of powder to 
fifty gallons. They paid little attention to the bellows and powder, at least when the wind 
blew; but a sprinkle of the diluted extract promptly caused them to squirm, drop off, and finally 
die while attempting to crawl away. The absence of all danger to the plants or the operator 
(which is not slight in the case of alkaline washes), specially commends the extract for use dur- 
ing the growing season, and in green-houses, conservatories, etc. 

" Very respectfully, E. W. HILGARD." 

Entomological Laboratory, Agricultural College, } 
Lansing, Michigan, February 28, I.S84. j 

<!. N. Milco, Stock-ton, f'al. — Dear Sir : I consider the Buhach you sent out an invalu- 
able auxiliary in the warfare on our insect pests. 1 find it very fatal to our most destructive 
pests, such as slugs, caterpillars, grubs, Hies, mosquitoes, and both parasitic and plant lice. Kor 
house flies, poultry and stock vermin, and plant lice, I prefer to apply as a powder, by use of a 
bellows; while for most plant-destroying insects I have been most successful with water and 
forcing or in a fine spray. The safety with which it may be used (as it never harms plants or 
higher animals) is a great recommendation. Some from you, now two years old, which I have 
kept in a close tin box, seems as good as ever. Yours truly, A. J. COOK. 

CABBAGE WORMS AND POTATO BEETLES.— Prof. C. V. Riley, Entomologist of 
the Department of Agriculture, says: "No safe and satisfactory remedy had been discovered 
before we recommended this powder, and showed that it could be economically used when 
simply mixed with water. This powder is fatal to caterpillars, and that, too, in very dilute 
mixtures, as only 1 "200 of a pound to the gallon of water was used. There is nothing that more 
quickly kills the dreaded cotton worm." Its value used in this way, for the Colorado potato 
beetle, as a substitute for the dangerous arsenical compounds, will at once be appreciated. 

Prof. A. J. Cook says: "I applied Buhach mixed with flour, and also with water, and 
found both methods efficient in destroying the larv;e and imagos of the Colorado potato beetles, 
the caterpillars af the cabbage butterfly and plant lice." 

ALL WINGED INSECTS— Such as Codlin Moth, Cotton Moth, Imported Cabbage But- 
terfly and numberless others can be easily exterminated by. following these directions: Place a 
lighted lantern in a tin milk pan, and sprinkle powder around on the bottom of the pan. A 
mere touch of foot or wing against Buhach will cause the insect to drop dead, while attracted by 
the light. Thousands of winged insects will be found every morning around the lantern, many 
of them several feet from the light. In orchards, gardens and vineyards, lanterns arranged as 
above should be placed about .'500 feet apart. Care should be taken to use such lanterns as can- 
not be easily extinguished. By sending specimens of the insects caught to Entomologists for 
examination, much information can be gained regarding their habits and depredations. P.epeat 
the operation, witli fresh powder, every evening. 



Sold "fc>y IDruLg^ijstjs ctixci Grocers Everywhere. 

If your Druggist or Grocer does not keep Buhach, send your orders direct to us. 



PRICE OX""* BUHACH.-2. r i cents, 50 cents, 75 cents and $1. 25, according to size of cans. INSUFFLATORS, 25 cents each. Sent by mail, postpaid, 
on receipt of price. Bellows, with attachment, $-2.25 each. Large Bellows with attachment for Buhach and Sulphur, $8.60 each. Buhach is sold in bulk by Druggists and Grocers out of 
our 6-pound cans at $1 per pound, or at $4.50 for 6-pound cans. 

FORCE PUMP, with ten feet of Pipe and ten feet of Rubber Hose and one Cyclone Spray Kozzle, complete, ready for work, price J12i Extra < 'yclone Nozzles, 75 cents each. 

Adhrehh : 



BRANCH OFFICE-49 Cedar St.. New York. 



BUHACH PRODUCING AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY, 

No. 154 LEVEE STREET, STOCKTON, CAL. 



P. S.— Bead experiments in Pacific Rural Press, S. F. Merchant, Record Union, and Frexno Republican, published in the last six weeks, and send all your experiments to us by mall. 



12 



f A6IFI6 RURAL PRESS. 



[July 5, 1881 






A REVOLUTIONARY INCIDENT THE BATTLE OP BUNKER HILL. 



This line historical sketch is the work of an artist whose name has unfortunately expired. The striking position of the contestants and the suggestive hovering over them of 
their respective tutelary divinities, presents one of the most impressive conceptions which has entered the human mind sin«e the days of Homer. 



Acquiring Mexican Lands. 

Real estate of all kinds, other than min- 
eral lands, can he acquired by foreigners 
or any nationality residing and domiciled in 
the Republic of Mexico by the same title and 
under the same laws and provisions that the 
municipal authorities have established for 
Mexican citizens, with the following exceptions, 
viz. : 

First — For a foreigner to acquire landed 
property within a /one of twenty {'20) leagues 
of any boundary line, a special permit must 
have been previously obtained from the Presi- 
dent of the Republic. 

Second —Foreigners cannot acquire real es- 
gate within live (.">) leagues from the shore line 
of the coast without a special decree authorizing 
the same. 

Third Forfeiture to real estate acquired by 
foreigners takes place for the following reasons 
and under the following conditions, viz.: 

(<•<) Should he absent himself with his family 
from the country for two (2) years without a 
permit from the Covernment. 

l'<) All real estate so acquired is non trans- 
ferable to non-alien residents either by sale or 
or inheritance, or in any other manner with 
out complying with the following requirements, 
viz. : 

The property must be sold in conformance 
with the lawa regulating such sales and its pro 
eeeds delivered to the alien; deducting ten (10) 
per cent to apply to expenses incurred. 

(' I Should a foreigner acquire public lands 
by denouncement (the extent of which in no 
case can exceed twenty-five hundred (2,500) 
hectareas) he would lose his title to the said land 
if he does not keep one inhabitant on each two 
hundred hectareas for four months in each year. 

(</) As soon as an alien acquires real estate 
(landed property) he contracts the following 
obligations under the provisions of this law: 

First -To be law-abiding; to submit to all 
laws enacted relating to transmission and use 
of said lands and to the decisions of the Court 
in all matters. 

Second to pay his pro rata of all taxes 
legally levied on landed properties. 

Third — to personally contribute to the pres- 
ervation of public peace and tranquillity, ex- 
cepting always disturbances that arise from 
political revolution or civil war. 

N. — Special laws govern the mineral lands 
and mines of the Republic. 



"YANKEE DOODLE. 



ANCIENT VERSION 



New Paint.— At the military port of llrest, 
a mixture of zinc white with zinc chloride has 
been used for some time, with good result, in 
painting wood and metals. It becomes very 
hard, and can be washed or brushed without 
injury. It should not be applied, however, in 
rainy or frosty weather, as it then becomes 
mealy and scales off easily. Chloride of zinc is 
not the only salt which possesses the property 
of forming a mastic by its mixture with zinc 
white. Sorel long ago indicated the proto- 
ehlorides of iron, manganese, nickel and cobalt 
as good bases for mastic. After having verified 
his views, the authorities of Brest have ex- 
tended his experiments, and have shown that 
the sulphate and nitrate of zinc, the sulphate, 
uitratc and chloride of iron, and the sulphate 
and nitrate of manganese form good mastics 
and paints with zinc white. 



Father and I went down to camp 
Along with Captain (iooding; 

And there we see the men and boys 
As thick as hasty pudding. 

Chorus : 

Yankee Doodle, keep it up, 

Yankee Doodle dandy, 
Mind the music and the step, 
And with the girls be handy. 

And there we see a thousand men, 

As such as Sijuire David; 
And what they wasted every day, 

I wish it could be saved. 

The 'lasses they eat every day 
Would keep a house a winter; 

They've as much that, I'll be bound, 
They eat it when they've mind to. 

And there we see a swamping gun, 

I,arge as a log of maple, 
I 'pun a deuced little cart, 

A load for father's cattle. 

And every time they shoot it on", 
It takes a horn of powder; 

And makes a noise like father's gun, 
< Inly a nation louder. 

I went as nigh to one myself 

As Siah's underpinning; 
And father went as nigh agaiii 

I thought the deuce was in him. 

Cousin Simon grew so bold, 

I thought he would have cocked it. 

It scared me so I streak'd it oil', 
And hung by father's pocket. 

And Captain Davis had a gun, 
lie kind of clapt his hand on't, 

And stuck a crooked stabbing iron 
Upon the little end on't. 

And there, I see a pumpkin shell, 

As big as mother's bason, 
And every time they touched it off, 

They scampered like the nation. 

I see a little barrel, too, 
The head was made of leather, 

They knock'd upon't with little clubs 
And called the folks together. 

And there was Captain Washington, 
And gentlefolks about him, 

They say he's grown so tarnal proud, 
He will not ride without 'em. 

He got him on his meeting clothes, 
Upon a slapping stallion, 

lie set the world along in rows, 
In hundreds and in millions. 

The flaming ribbons in his hat, 
They looked so taring fine, ah, 

I wanted pockily to got, 
To give to my Jemimah. 



I see another snarl of men, 

A digging graves they told me, 

So tarnal long, so tarnai deep, 

They 'tended they should hold me. 

They scared me so I hook'd it off, 

Nor stop'd as I remember, 
Nor turned about till I got home, 

Locked up in mother's chamber. 

'This version of "Yankee Doodle" i- taken from a l>ook 
called "A Century of American Literature 1776 to 1876," 
edited by Henry A. Beers, assistant professor of Knglish 
literature in Yale College. It is stated that the verses 
were written about 1775 and sung to the air "Yankee 
Doodle." It was styled "The Yankee" Return from 
Camp." The lines were evidently aimed at some home 
guardi by a local wit w ho was unwilling to attach his 
name to them, and they were sung in rollicking fun and 
derision until behold they are immortal! Ki«s. I"kk— • 



Origin of "Yankee Doodle." 



The tollowing verses show 
about" in the very :une itself. 



'how il all come 



Once on a time old Johnny Bull 

Flew in a raging fury, 
And said that Jonathan should have 

No trials, sir. by jury; 
That no elections should be held, 
Across the briny waters. 
"And now," said he, 
"I'll tax the tea 
Of all his sons and daughters." 

Then down he sate in burly slate, 

And bluster'd like a grandee, 
And in derision made a tune 

Called "Yankee Doodle Dandy." 
Aankee Doodle" -these are facts — 
Yankee doodle dandy 
My son of wax, 
Your tea I'll tax, 
Yankee doodle dandy. 

I hen Johnny sent a regiment, 

Hig words and looks to bandy. 
Whose martial band when near the land, 

I'lay'd "Yankee Doodle Dandy." 
Yankee doodle -keep it up, 

"Yankee doodle dandy! 
I'll poison with a tax your cup, 

Yankee doodle dandy." 

A long w ar then they had in whil h 

John was at last defeated, 
And "Yankee doodle" was the march 

To which his troops retreated. 
< ute Jonathan to see them My, 

Could not restrain his laughter, 
" That tune," said he, "suits to a T, 

I'd sing il ever after." 

Sample of Later Rhyme*. 

Ann Jemimah dim' a tree, 

And had a rail to boost her; 
There she sat a throwing corn 

At our old bobtail rooster. 

Then Jemimah,' she got sick. 

And sent for 'Luat Morey; 
They stuck a plaster on her back, 

And drew her up to glory. 



The Weight of Great Men. 

A curious letter is just brought to light by 
the Bangor Whig, in which is recorded the 
weight of certain revolutionary officers who 
were together at West Point, one hundred 
years ago. The letter was written by Joseph 
May, to (Jen. Cobb, of revolutionary fame. 
The letter itself gives a pleasing picture of the 
closing days of the "fathers" whose great 
work was done, and who lived to see that the 
country for whose independence they fought 
was worthy of the strife. Following is the letter: 
Boston, Aug. 11, 1 820. 

Hun. David Cobb, Gouldsboro — My Dear 
General; Your letter of 28th March writ- 
ten when confined to your house by indis 
position, made me for a moment feel un- 
happy 'twas painful- -but I have too much 
respect for you to indulge in weak tears, 
when I see you passing the allotted limit of 
human life; and tho' you find some "labor and 
sorrow," and tho' "the Hocks and the herds 
afford less pleasure than formerly" —yet you 
rejoice at the vernal sun you are cheered by 
the voice of friendship, and, when not exercised 
by actual pain, your book affords high em- 
ployment and enjoyment, which the stranger 
intermeddles not with. We are marching to a 
better country my dear general, where after a 
well-spent life, we may hope again to associate 
with the wise and good whom we have known 
here where or how it is to be I am not anx 
ious to know, certain of this, it will be the 
fittest and best that infinite wisdom and infi- 
nite goodness can provide. 

Our friend Hayes has lately visited us. He 
spoke of you repeatedly as of a man whom he 
loved and respected. Looking together over 
some papers in Gen. Jackson's pocketbook, we 
found a curious paper, of which I give you a 
copy: 

Weighed at the scales at West Point, Aug. 
19, 1783: 

Gen. Washington 20ii pounds. 

Gen. Lincoln — 224 pounds. 

Gen. Knox - 280 pounds 

Gen. Huntington 132 pounds. 

Gen. Greaton — 16G pounds. 

Col. Swift 21!) pounds. 

Col. M . Jackson — 2">2 pounds. 

Col. H. Jackson —230 pounds. 

Lieut. Col. Huntington - 232 pounds. 

Lieut. Col. Cobb — 18(5 pounds. 

Lieut. Col. Humphries — 221 pounds. 

I send you a couple of pamphlets which may 
amuse you. Yours affectionately, dear genera), 
J. May. 

Thi kokekin tkai>k ok Sam Frawcmoo has 
declined seriously this year, compared with last. 
The total imports duriug the last three months 
are valued at $8,f>00,000, which is a decrease of 
nearly $2,500,000, compared with the cor- 
responding months in 1S83, and is particularly 
noticeable in the importations from ( 'hina and 
Japan. The countries showing an increase are 
the Central American States, Tahiti, British 
Columbia, British East Indies, Australia and 
New Zealand, the Hawiian Islands, Mexico, 
Dutch Fast Indies and Manila all Pacific 
('oast countries! It should be borne in mind, 
however, in this connection, that a decrease in 
foreign imports is no', always an evidence of 
decreased prosperity. It is ijuite often an evi- 
dence of an increase in home production — that 
we are simply multiplying our fields of labor at 
home. 



July 5, 1884,] 



fAGIFie RURAL fRESS. 



13 



How the Declaration Was Signed. 

A Reminiscence of Revolutionary Times. 

[To enable us of to-day to better appreciate 
the feelings which wrung the hearts of the old 
revolutionary heroes, we give what purports to 
be an account of the proceedings of the con- 
vention that adopted the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, taken from the Boston journals of 
1771). The record is said to have been received 
from George Everett ttchenck, having been pre- 
served in his family for over 60 years. 1 

ft is the old hall of Philadelphia, on July 4th, 
1 77l>. There is a silence in this hall, every face 
is stamped with a deep and awful responsibility! 

Why turns every glance to that door? Why 
is it so terribly still? 

The committee of three, who have been out 
all night planning a parchment, are about to 
appear. That parchment, with the signatures 
of these men^ written with the pen lying on 
yonder table, may either make the world free, 
or stretch these necks upon the gibbet yonder 
in Potter's field, or nail these heads to the door- 
post of these halls. That was the time for 
solemn faces and deep silence. 

At last, hark! The door opens, the commit- 
tee appear. Who are these men who come 
walking on to John Hancock's chair? 

The tall man, with sharp features, the bold 
brow and sand-hued hair, holding the parch- 
ment in his hand, is the Virginia farmer, 
Thomas Jefferson. That stout-built man, with 
resolute look and sparkling eye — that is a Bos- 
ton man, one John Adams. And the calm-faced 
man, with hair dropping in thick curls to his 
shoulders; that dressed in a plain coat and such 
odious home made blue stockings — that is the 
Philadelphia printer, one Benjamin Franklin. 

The three advance to the table. The parch- 
ment is laid there. Shall it be signed or not ? 

Then ensues a high debate; then all the faint- 
hearted cringe in corners, while Thomas Jeffer- 
son speaks out his few bold words, and John 
Adams pours out his whole soul. 

Then the soft toned voice of Charles Carroll 
is heard undulating in syllables of deep music. 

But still there is doubt, and that pale-faced 
man, shrinking in one corner, squeaks out some- 
thing about axes, scaffolds, and — a gibbet. 

" Gibbet !" echoes a fierce, bold tone, that 
startles men from their seats and look yonder! 
A tall, slender form rises, dressed, although it 
is summer time, in a faded red cloak. Look 
how his white hand trembles as it stretches 
slowly out; how that dark eye burns while his 
words ring through the hall. 

" Gibbet ! " They may* stretch our necks on 
all the gibbets in the land, they may turn every 
rock into a scaffold, every tree into a gallows, 
every home into a grave, and yet the words of 
that parchment can never die ! 

They may pour our blood on a thousand 
scaffolds, and yet from every drop that dyes 
the axe, or drops on the saw-dust of the block, 
a new martyr to freedom will spring into birth! 

The British king may blot out the stars of 
(iod from His sky, but he cannot blot out His 
words written on the parchment there. The 
work of God may perish; His word, never! 

These words will go forth to the world when 
our homes are dust. To the slave in bondage, 
they will speak hope; to the mechanic in his 
workshop, freedom; to the coward kings these 
words will speak, but not in tones of flattery. 
They will speak like the flaming syllables on 
Belshazzar'a wall: "The days of your pride 
and ({lory are numbered! The days of judge- 
ment draw near?" 

Yes, that parchment will speak to kings in 
language sad and terrible as the trumpet of the 
Archangel. You have trampled on the rights 
of manhind long enough. At last, the voice of 
human woe has pierced the ear of God, and 
called his judgement down. You have waded 
on to thrones through seas ef blood; you have 
trampled on to power over the necks of mil- 
lions; you have turned the poor man's sweat 
and blood into robes for your delicate forms; 
into crowns for your anointed brows. Now 
Kings! Now purpled hangmen of the world! 
For you comes the day of axes, and gibbets, and 
scaffolds; for you the wrath of man; for you 
the lightnings of God. 

Look ! How the light of your palaces on fire 
flashes up in the midnight sky ! Now purpled 
hangmen of the world, turn and beg for mercy! 
Where will you find it? Not from God, for 
you have blasphemed His laws! Not from the 
people, for you stand baptized in their blood! 
Here you turn, and lo! a gibbet! There, and 
a scaffold stares in the face! All around you — 
death — but nowhere pity ! Now, executioners 
of the human race, kneel down on the sawdust 
of the scaffold; lay your perfumed heads upon 
the block; bless the axe as it falls the axe 
sharpened for the poor man's neck. 

Such is the message of the declaration of man 
to the kings of the world. And shall we falter 
now? And shall be start back appalled when 
our feet press the very threshold of freedom? 
Do you see quailing faces around you, when our 
wives have been butchered; when the hearth- 
stones of our land are red with the blood of little 
children? What! Are there shrinking hearts 
or faltering voices here, when the very dead of 
our battle fields arise and call upon us to sign 
that parchment, or be accursed. 

Sign! If the next moment the gibbet's rope is 
around your neck . Sign ! If the next moment 
this hall rings with the echo of the falling axe. 
Sign! By all your hopes in life or death, as 
husbands, fathers — as men, sign your names to 
the parchment, or be accursed forever! 

Sign, not only for yourselves, but for all ages; 



for that parchment will be the text-book of 
freedom — the bible of the rights of man forever. 

Sign, for the declaration will go forth to 
American hearts forever and speak to those 
hearts like the voice of ( lod. And its work will 
not be done until throughout this wide conti- 
nent not a single inch of ground owns the sway 
of privilege of power. 

Nay, da not start and whisper with surprise. 
It is a truth. Your own hearts witness it; God 
proclaim it. This continent is the property of 
a free people, and their property alone. God, 
I say, proclaims it. Look at this strange his- 
tory of a band of exiles and out-casts suddenly 
transformed into a people. Look at this won- 
derful exodus of the Old World into the New, 
where they came, weak in arms, but mighty in 
Cod-like faith. Nay, look at the history of 
your Bunker Hill, your Lexington, where a 
band of plain farmers mocked and trampled 
down the panoply of British arms, and then tell 
me, if you can, that (iod has not given America 
to the free. It is not given to our poor human 
intellect to climb the skies, to pierce the coun- 
sels of the Almighty One. Butmethinks I stand 
among the awful clouds which veil the bright- 
ness of Jehovah's throne. Methinksl see the 
Recording") Angel — pale as an angel is pale, 
weeping as an angel can weep come trembling 
up to the throne, and speaking his dread mes- 
sage. 

Father! The Old World is baptized in blood. 
Father! It is drenched with the blood of mil- 
lions, butchered in war, in persecution, in slow 
and grinding oppression. Father look! With 
one glance of thine eternal eye look over Eu- 
rope, Asia, Africa, and behold ever-more a 
terrible sight — man trodden down beneath the 
oppressor's feet, nations lost in blood, murder 
and superstition walking hand in hand over 
the graves of their victims, and not a single 
voice to whisper hope to man. 

He stands there (the angel), his hand trem- 
bling with the black record of human guilt. 
But, hark! The voice of Jehovah speaks out 
from the awful cloud: Let there be light 
again. Let there be a new world. Tell my 
people, the poor, downtrodden millions, to go 
out from the Old World. Tell them to go out 
from wrong oppression and blood. Tell 
them to go out from the Old World, to build 
up my altar in the New. 

As (Jod lives, my friends, I believe that to 
be his voice. Yes, were my soul trembling on 
the wings of eternity, were this hand freezing 
in death, were my voice choking with the last 
struggle, I would still, with the last wave of 
that hand, with the last gasp of that voice, im- 
plore you to remember the truth, God has 
given America to be free. Yes, as I sank down 
into the gloomy shadows of the grave, with my 
last gasp, I would beg you to sign that parch- 
ment in the name of the one who made the 
Saviour, who redeemed you, in the name of 
the millioni whose every breath is now hushed, 
in intense expectation, as they look up to you 
for the awful words, vou are free. 

Many years have gone since that hour. The 
speaker, his brethren, all, have crumbled into 
dust, but the records of that hour still exist, 
and they tells us that it would require an an- 
gel's pen to picture the magic of that speaker's 
look, the deep, terrible emphaiia of his voice, 
the prophet like beckoning of his hand, the 
magnetic flame shooting from his eyes, that 
fired every heart throughout the hall. He fell 
exhausted in his seat, but the work was done. 
A wild murmur thrills through the hall. Sign? 
Ha! There is no doubt now. Look! How they 
rush forward! Stout-hearted John Hancock 
has scarcely time to sign his bold name before, 
the pen is grasped by another, . another and 
another. Look how their names blaze on the 
parchment, Adams, Lee, Jefferson and Carroll, 
and now Roger Sherman, the shoemaker. And 
here comes good old Stephen Hopkins; yes, 
trembling with palsy, he totters forward quiv- 
ering from head to foot. With his shaking 
hand he seizes the pen and scratches his patriot 
name Then comes Benjamin Franklin, the 
printer. And now the tall man in the red 
cloak advances, the man who made the fiery 
speech a moment ago. With the same hand 
that waved in such fiery scorn he writes his 
name — Patrick Henry. 

And now the parchment is signed; and now 
let the word go forth to the people in the 
streets, to the homes of America, to the camp 
of Washington, to the palace of George, the 
idiot king; let the word go out to all the earth. 

And, old man in the steeple, now bare your 
arm and grasp the iron tongue, and let the bell 
speak out the great truth. 

Fifty -six farmers and mechanics havethis day 
struck at the shackles of the world. 



Given up by Physicians. 
"The large experience that we have had daring the 
past thirteen years, in Which we have treated many thou- 
sands of eases with our new Vitalizing remedy," say 
Orb. Stahkk.y & Palkn, 110!) (iirard St., Philadelphia, Pa., 
"satisfies us that nine-tenths of the diseases which have 
heen steadily growing worse in spite of the best medical 
treatment the country affords, can he cured or greatly 
helped by the use of this agent. We do not say this in 
any boastful way. The declaration is based upon re 
suits of so surprising a character and in so wide a range 
of cases, many of them given up by physicians as hope, 
less, that it stands as a fact open to the clearest authenti- 
cation, and we will afford any one who desires to verity 
the reports and testimonials which we lay before the 
public, the largest opportunity for doing so." Write to 
them for their pamphlet describing the nature and action 
of this new and remarkable Treatment. It will be sent 
free. 

All orders for the Compound Oxygen Home Treatment 
directed to H. E. Mathews, 606 Montgomery street, San 
Francisco, will be filled on the same terms as If sent 
directly to us in Philadelphia. 




THE LIGHTNING 
HAY PRESS 



MAN i EVACTTTRSD AT. 



PACIFIC CARRIAGE WORKS, 



J. F. HILL, Proprietor, 



1307 to 1323 J Street, 



SACRAMENTO. 



The above cut represents the Press at work. 



This Press, as w ill he seen by the tut, is an upright; the bale being formed in the hav chamber at the bottom of 
the Press. The feeding throat is about, midway between the top and the. bottom of tin- Press. The device for feed- 
ing the Press is constructed with side board and aprons, on which the bay is pitched. The Press is constructed with 
a drop; the said drop acts as trainper, and after the bale is formed, it is changed from tramping to pressing. From 
three to five forksful of hay are put in at, one drop, which makes the feeding process very rapid. 

The power necessary for baling is one pair of horses. They are worked in one continuous forward motion, both 
tramping and pressing, and make but one stop during the making of a bale that of tying and dropping the bale out 
of the Press. The size of the bale, when out of the Press, is twenty four by twenty-six inches, by three feet eight 
inches long, and weighs from two hundred and twenty-live to tw o hundred and seventy -five pounds, and the sty le ol 
the hale has no equal. The Press is carried, when moving, lengthwise of the wagon. 

The Press is hinged at the bottom to a pair of sills, and is laid down by means of a derrick upon a bolster, on 
the rear pair of wheels, with the sills swung upon the under side of said gear by means of a windlass. The front end 
being swung on the under side of front gear, after the style of dray trucks, it only requires ten minutes for two men 
to load the Press and be on the road. 

This Press is provided with a hay derrick and fork, which is a recent improvement not shown in the cut, and it 
is operated by the team attached to the Press, while tramping or pressing either, bringing the hay from a fifty-foot 
stack to the Press, and is made the lightest work of any part, of the baling. The capacity of the Press is from ten to 
fifteen tons per day, by ordinary unskilled balers, but active, skilled balers hale from fifteen to twenty-five tons per 
day. The above Press is now manufactured by 

J. F. HILL, Sacramento, Cal. 




Line of Pipe, Pipe Fillings, Brass Goods, Hose, Pomps, 

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WRITE FOR SPECIAL PRICES. ______ 

-,Ttr /x hhtt;tf_ T^TT'Tl-.-We are prepared to quote SPECIAL PRICES. 
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WOODIN & LITTLE, \ so£> ^ 311 *"&5SZSS£:c<l 



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Upon written application they will be furnished to responsible farmers on trial. Warranted to do the work to the 
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G. T. BROWN, General Agent for the Pacific Coast, STOCKTON, CAL. 
FOR SALK 15V Tin mas, Isham & Co., 509 and 511 Market, St. San Francisco; H. C. Shaw, 201 and 
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14 



PA6IFI6 RURAL PRESS. 



[July's, 1884 



G(NTCJvlOLOGI(SAb. 

Devices For Grasshopper Killing. 

There is unusual complaint this year of 
grasshopper ravages. It seems likely that 
this is to be one of the periodical occasions 
when the insects overrun their customary 
hatching grounds and invade growing crops, 
i 'alifornia has never yet had a general grass- 
hopper scourge as that term sigifies in the 
prairie States, and yet considerable damage 
has been done here and there on certain years. 
A number of our readers have called and have 
written to enquire about devices for grass- 
hopper killing. Such devices are not practica- 
ble anywhere, however we give those most 
approved by Western States experience and 
which are published in the Reports of the Fnto- 
inological Commissioners of which Prof. C. V. 
Riley, is head. They were first published on 
this coast in the Rirai. Press for June 12, 1880. 

Measures for destroying grasshoppers should 
be taken early. The newly-hatched insect is 
much more easily destroyed than the agile and 
well winged, mature forms. One of the best 



day, two feet deep, he was at times unable to 
furnish holes, as fast as they were rilled with 
hoppers, so that every few days I was obliged 
to furnish an extra hand, to assist in making 
sink holes. The hatching grounds were all 
about us, the ground being tilled with eggs al- 
most everywhere around us, as well as on the 
farm, 20 acres of which was breaking. 

"I have demonstrated to my mind that a 
ditch cut around 100 acres of land before hatch- 
ing time, supplied with only a limited number 
of sink-holes, will catch all the hoppers hatched 
on said land, besides many from the outside, be- 
fore they are more than two weeks old. The 
number of rods of hopper-ditch cut on my farm 
is between 050 and 700 rods, at a cost not to ex- 
ceed one dollar per acre of the entire farm of 
120 acres." 

Prof. Riley says that where ditches are not 
easily made, and where lumber is plentiful, a 
board fence, two feet high, and with three-inch 
batten nailed on top or side from which locusts 
are coming, the edge of it smeared with coal tar, 
will answer as an effectual barrier, and prove use 
ful to protect lields or gardens. 

Of mechanical devices to destroy the locusts, 
the cheapest and most easily used are those 
which rely on coal oil or coal tar as a destructive 
agent. These snhstanceB speedily kill the 



Fig. I. 




and shod with iron, for the trough to ride on. 
Fill the pan half full of water, then add a small 
quantity of kerosene, sufficient to cover the 
water. A horse may be hitched to the machine 
by fastening a rope ('.') to the outside runners. 
The lightness of the machine will permit its 
use on any kind of a crop. 

A contrivance shown in Fig. .'1 was construct- 
ed by Pres. John A. Anderson for iflse on the 
Agricultural College farm at Manhattan, Kan. 
Three pieces of fence board 4 ft. long and 3 or 
4 ft. apart, serve as sled runners. To the front 
ends is nailed a fence board I S or more feet long. 
To this, and over the runners, three pieces or 
slats, each 4 ft. long, are attached by a leather 
hinge; and 1 inch holes through the back of 
these receive standards, the lower ends of 
which are fastened to the back ends of the run 
ners by a leather hinge. Peg-holes in the upper 
half of the standards enable you to place the 
slats at any desired angle. On the back ends of 
these nhits is nailed a strip l. r > ft. long, parallel 
with the fence board and a ft. from it; and to 
these is tacked coarse muslin 15 ft. in length, 
which forms an apron or movable screen that 
can be set at any angle. To the front ends of 
the outside runners a long piece of fence wire 
was attached, and a mule was hitched to the 
wire. It was fouud to do very good service, 



Kastcrn fields, and there may be good results 
gained on this coast, if the destruction is lieguu 
early and pursued persistently and persever- 
ingly. 

Insects in Raspberry Canes. 

Editors Press: — I enclose stems of raspberry 
containing a fatal warm, etc Can you tell what it is 
and the proper means of combating it. It must 
havecome with the roots, as they are grown in an 
isolated place off of any road, and miles Irom any of 
other bushes. —A. O. Carpenter, Ukiah, Oil. 

Editors Press: — I have examined carefully 
the raspberry stems, forwarded by A. O. Car- 
penter of Ukiah. I found in the burrows two 
small insects, belonging to the order Ity- 
menoptera and to the family Crabonidie or 
wood wasps. Description: Length one-fonrth 
of an inch: color, black, with green metallic 
glass; head, large ; antenna-, geniculated : 
wings, transparent. Of the wood w'asps, Dr. 
Packard writes: "Other genera avail them- 
selves of those plants, whose stem has a pith, 
which they can readily excavate and refit for 
their habitatures." There'did not appear to be 
any work done in the stems, further than the 
burrowing, and whether tin excavations were 
made by these insects, or they had only token 
shelter there, I am not prepared to say ; how- 
ever there is no douht, but the insects found in 



/•;.,. r. 






APPLIANCES EMPLOYED IN KILLING GRASSHOPPERS WITH COAL OIL AND TAR. 



ways to kill the young insects is by ditching or 
trenching. Simple ditches two feet wide and 
t>vo feet deep, with perpendicular sides, offer 
effectual barriers to the young hoppers. They 
accumulate in such ditches and die in such 
mosses that the stench from them is intolerable, 
and the practice is to bury them with soil. In 
order to keep the main trenches open, it is cus- 
tomary to dig pits here and there in the trenches, 
which are tilled up as soon as full of hoppers, and 
other pits dug for new comers. Another plan 
is to bore holes in the bottom of the trench with 
a post-hole auger and cover with earth as soon 
as these holes are nearly rilled, packing down 
the soil, so as to leave the bottom of trench smooth 
as before. One of the most successful oper- 
ators with this plan of destruction, noticed in 
the report of the Commission, was K. J. Ad- 
kins, of Kansas City, Mo., who saved 100 acres, 
and his neighbors, seeing how well his ditches 
worked, cut others through their growing grain 
and saved parts even after the edges of the 
fields had been invaded. Of his operations Mr. 
Adkins himself wrote as follows: 

"My ditches were from one and a half to 
two feet wide, and about as deep as wide, with 
perpendicular banks or sides, and two post 
holes, side by side, across the bottom of the 
ditch (with seven-inch post auger bits) two feet 
hi depth about once every rod, at first and 
afterward, in places where large swarms at- 
tacked us, as often, sometimes, as every four 
feet. As to the cost of the ditch, it must be 
borne in mind, that our land is a light, sandy 
loam, and consequently very easy digging ; and 
1 was fortunate in hiring my laborers rather 
cheaply, from 75 cents to SI per day and board. 
The hands cut from IS to 20 rods each per day, 
making an average of \'\. rods per day ; but 
1 think the men were extra good laborers. 
Aft;r the ditch was complete, with sink holes 
about one to every rod, I employed a good re- 
sponsible man for a month, to keep the ditch in 
order, and bore new sink-holes as often as the 
others were filled with hoppers, always putting 
some earth in the holes, containing the hoppers, 
covering them to prevent their escape and the 
disagreeable odor arising from discoinposition. 
And let me here remark, that, though this last 
laborer made an average of 230 sink holes per 



pests, and a simple moistening with them is 
enough. Irrigating ditches may be made to 
protect the fields they surronnd by keeping a 
thin film of the oil or tar on the surface of the 
water. But the best way, generally, to reap the 
benefit of this poisoning power, is to have it in 
a portable receptacle, into which the insects are 
frightened, and then trapped and killed. 

These are usually called pans, and are made 
so as to be pushed or drawn across infested 
ground Prof. Riley's "Locust Plague in the 
U. S." contained the first illustrations of the 
devices, which we show upon this page. 

Figure 1 shows a good and cheap pan, which 
is made of ordinary sheet iron, 8 feet long, 1 1 
inches wide at the bottom, and turned up a foot 
high at the back and an inch high at the front. 
A runner at each end, extending some distance 
l>ehiiid, and a cord attached to each front cor- 
ner, complete the pan, at a cost of about SI 50. 
From 7 to 10 bushels of young locusts have been 
caught with one pan in an afternoon. It is 
easily pulled by two boys, and by running sev- 
eral in a row, one boy to each outer rope and 
one to each contiguous pair, the best work is 
performed with the least labor. The oil may 
be used alone so as just to cover the bottom, 
or on the surface of water, and the insects 
strained through a wire ladle. The coal oil 
pans can be used only when the crop to be pro- 
tected is small. Small pans for oil, attached 
to an obliquing pole or handle, do excellent ser- 
vice in gardens. 

Mr. A. A. Price, of Rutland, Humboldt 
county, Iowa, sent the Commission the follow- 
ing description of a coal oil pan to be drawn on 
runners, and which was used with much success 
in northwestern Iowa. This pan is shown in 
Fig. 2: Take a common board, from 12 to 10 
feet in length, for the foundation or bed-piece. 
Make a tin trough 4 inches deep, (i inches wide 
and as long as required. Divide the trough 
into partitions by means of strips of tin, so 
that each partition (o o o, etc.) is a foot long, 
thus avoiding the spilling of the oil. Back of 
this place a strip of tin 6 inches wide and as 
long as the trough. The back must be lirmly 
secured by the braces (i > ') running down to 
the front edge of the board. Under all this 
place three wooden runners (h I, ;( feet long 



killing the young locusts in considerable 
numbers. The oil did not evaporate so rapidly 
as was anticipated. One thorough saturation 
was sufficient for 15 or 20 minutes, when a 
little more could be added. If the machine be 
hauled against the wind, nearly all the locusts 
which hop will touch the canvas. They gen- 
erally take several hops on the canvas before 
leaving it, thus insuring a thorough saturation 
with the oil. After hopping from the 
apron they can take two or three hops on 
the ground, then lose all power in their 
hind legs stretching them straight out behind, 
and finally, in one or two minutes after being 
oiled, they are dead. 

Fig. 4 is a simple affair, but it has done a world 
of good in grasshopper destroying. It was 
suggested by Hon. A. B. Bobbins, of Min- 
nesota, and is used with coal tar as a destroy- 
ing substance. The coal-tar pan consists of 
sheet iron 7 to II feet long, back and sides 
turned up inches, and front edge about 
three-quarters of an inch. It is drawn by 
ropes attached to wire rings about 1 | feet from 
each end. The bottom and sides are smeared 
with coal tar, and the pan is drawn over the 
ground very slowly. 

How well the device worked in Minnesota, 
where it was taken up by the State government 
and generally introduced, may be learned from 
the following allusion in Gov. Pilsbury's mes- 
sage for 1877 : " Material having been secured 
at wholesale sources, a vigorous war extermina- 
tion was maintained simultaneously in 29 
counties of the State. In three or four of these, 
comprising the dense center of the destroying 
swarms, the expedient proved unavailing. In 
all the rest, and especially wherever protective 
ditches had been first constructed, a fair 
degree of success attended these efforts, a 
vast amount of grain and other products hav- 
ing been rescued from destruction by this means. 
In the prosecution of this enterprise, there 
were employed about 56,000 pounds of sheet 
iron and ."1,000 barrels of tar, which required a 
total expenditure of about 410,350." 

We are well aware that it is much easier to 
write about destroying grasshoppers than to do 
it when the ground is yielding up its myriads, 
but it has been done with marked success in 



the burrows do such work. If Mr. Carpenter 
would collect a few more specimens and forward 
them, I may be prepared to speak more defi- 
nitely. I would advise him to cut out and burn 
all infested stems. I have found a similar fly, 
though a little larger, in the stem of a lilac. 

M iTTHlw Cookk, Stwramento, CtU. 
Cure for Bovine Bote. 

Miss Ormerod, Consulting Entomologist to 
the Royal Agricultural Society of England, has 
been studying the " ox bot," or " warble fly," 
and seeking the best remedy for the trouble it 
causes. At a recent meeting she reported that 
she finds a little mercurial ointment will de- 
stroy the well grown grub by applying it to the 
orifice in the hide of the animal. In order to 
save loss in value to the hide of the animal, she 
recommends going over the herd once or twice 
in autumn and applying the ointment along the 
back, where the eggs are deposited during sum 
mer. If killed then, while the holes are little 
more than mere punctures, the hides will be 
saved from a depreciation, which members 
present stated to be one to three dollars each. 

The Mammee Sapote. — There recently ar- 
rived by steamer from Acapulca, a fruit new to 
this market. It is shaped like a cone, or more 
like a turkey or ostrich egg, is about four 
inches long and two and a half in diameter. It 
is brown, and the skin is rough and brittle, but 
softens after being kept awhile. It is filled 
with a dark yellow, sweet pulp, surrounding 
two large pointed seeds. This fruit is called 
the mammee-sapote. The specimens were re- 
garded as curiosities in San Francisco, and sold 
for fifty cents each. The mammee sapote is a 
native of the West Indies and surrounding 
coasts, and is a favorite fruit there. There is 
another tropical fruit known as the mammee, or 
mammee apple, entirely different from this, but 
too perishable to l>e brought to this market in a 
fresh state. 

Cow's Milk ton Children.- -Dr. V. Poulain 
believes that the reason that cow's milk so often 
disagrees with children is to be fonnd in the fact 
that cane sugar is used to sweeten it. He says 
that for thirty- three years he has used the sugar 
of milk with the best possible results. 



July 5, 1884.] 



PA6IFI6 f^URAL f>RESS. 



MITCHELL, FISCHER & KETSCHER. 

IMPROVED 

STRAW BURNING ENGINES! 



Wje desire to call the attention of Threshers to our new and Improved Kngines for field use. They have been designed especially to meet all that is demanded of Kngines by Threshers on 
this Coast. The Boilers are Patented by us. We make three sizes of Boilers to order, with Engines to suit, having 160, 200 and '290 square feet of heating surface. As it is the effective 
Heating Surface of the Boiler, and not the sine of the Engine Cylinder alone which gives the I'ower, we have given the Heating Surface of the Boilers rather than the Diameter of Cylinder and 
Stroke of the Engine. The Boiler, however, having 290 square feet of heating surface, is used with our largest size 9x12 Engines, which will run the heaviest threshing rigs in the field with 
ample power. We make our Engines and Boilers of the best material and workmanship throughout, and think we can safely guarantee them to give entire satisfaction to all who may use them. 
Wc are not putting an untried machine in the field, as our Kngines have been in use for the past four years, and given entire satisfaction, as may be seen by the following Testimonials. We 
would request all who intend purchasing Threshing Engines to call and see us before purchasing elsewhere. 

YOUR ATTENTION IS RESPECTFULLY CALLED TO THE FOLLOWING TESTIMONIALS: 

GONZALKS, Oct. 6, 1SS3. 

Mann. Mitchell, Fischer A Ketscher.- Ceiitlcmcn : We take pleasure instating 
that the 9x12 Engine purchased of you this summer has given entire satisfaction. We 
have no hesitation in sai ing that we consider it the best Threshing Engine in the Held. 

Yours truly, THEUERKAl'F & BKATTY. 



Gonzalbs, Oct. 6, 1883. 
Messrs. Mitchell, Fischer A Ketscher -Gentlemen r We have now finished t hresh 
ing for another season, and can say for your new »\12 Threshing Engine that I have not 
seen or run one equaling it in power or ease of firing. We have a 40-inch Bronson 
Pitts Separator and Best & Althouse Keoleaner, and wc put through all the straw that 
the separator would take and not waste the grain. The grain being shrunk, we did 
no big day's work in sacks turned out, but we put through straw to our satisfaction, 
I had no trouble whatever from foaming of the Boiler, f take pleasure in recom- 
mending the Engine to the public as the, best straw burner that f know of in the field. 
Yours respectfully, FRANK PERKINS, 

Engineer for TheuerKanf & Bcattv. 



Mount Edks, Nov. 16, 1883. 
Messrs. Mitchell, Fischer ,< Ketscher Gentlemen : In reply to your inquiry about 
the Engine, I must state that the 8x10 Engine I bought from yon this season gives 
entire satisfaction. I ran a 10 inch Bronsun Pitts Separator and a Cleaner. It nev er 
lacked in power the Iea9t bit. I think I could run another separator with it. In my 
opinion it is the best Engine that was ever built on this coast. 

Yours truly. HENIiY HESSE & BKo. 




("nion ISLAND (P. O. Stockton), Oct. 16, 1883. 
Messrs. Mitchell, Fischer .1- Kclschcr -Gentlemen: I am well pleased with the 
Engine bought of you this summer. It has never given me a minute's trouble a! 
though it has bean very wet here. Wc hadipnte a shower last week, hut we went right 
along as though nothing had happened. 1 can't sec that damp straw makes any fl if 
ference with her about steaming, I honestly think that you have the best Engine on 
this globe, and can safely recommend them to any one wishing to buy a Straw Burnin" 
Engine. Yours respectfully, J. B. UF.RSBACHER. 



Watsonv illk, Cal., Oct. 10, 1883. 
Messrs. Mitchell, Fischer A Kctseh-r Gentlemen: The 9x12 Engine I bought 
"f you this year has given me perfect satisfaction. I can get up 20 pounds of steam 
from cold water in twenty minutes with any kind of straw. It has not framed once 
during the season; I ran a 36 inch separator and recleaner. I consider the Engine the 
most perfect I have ever used or seen. Wish you success. 

I remain, respectfully , fj. if. STRUVE. 



( i.kar CiiKKh, Butte Co., Cal., Sept. 5, 1883. 
Messrs. Mitchell. Fischer A Kclschcr Gentlemen: The Engine vve got from you has given entire satisfaction. 
During the last of the season, owing to the scarcity of hands, the Engine was run and tired hv the engineer for over 
two weeks, and he considered it as not very hard work. We ran a 40-inch separator and recleaner and threshed from 
1)00 to 1,300 sacks of wheat per day. I take pleasure in recommending them to all threshers as I consider them to 
he the best in the field. Yours truly , W. W. MERITHEW. 



Camruv ille, Cal., Keh. 25, 1883. 
Messrs. Mitchell. Fixche i A Kclschcr Dear Sirs: The 9x12 Engine I bought ot 

— entire satisfac 
straw. My e-v- 
first class Straw 
J. If. RITTER. 



Chko, Cal., Oct. 22, 1883. 

Messrs Mitchell, Fischer A Ketscher Gentlemen: 1 ran one of v our Straw -Burner Engines for 60 days the. 
past summer, and during that time I ran and fired the Engine for ten davs, and did it with the greatest of ease on 
an average of 1,150 sacks of grain per day . I therefore can cheerful lv recommend it as being as good an Engine as 




ever ran in the field for safety, durability and power. Yours truly 



HENRY C. EMERY. _ 



SECOND HAND ENGINES OF VARIOUS SIZES AND MANUFACTURE FOR SALE OR TO RENT. 



■SEPJD FOR CIRCUIiAR.- 



MITCHELL, FISCHER & KETSCHER 



625 Myrtlo St., noar JS/Ln l-1^< t St. Depot, 



OAKLAND, CAL. 



MAGICAL, MATCHLESS, 

MAGNETISM! 




MAGNETIC MITTEN. 

HEAL THYSELF ! 

Equalize vour circulation and relieve congested CONDI- 
TION by using the MAGNETIC MITTEN. If you are tired 
of old failures and antiquated methods of regaining 
health get a Belt or Vest and know what real comfort and 
enjoyment are. All forms of Kidney and Liver Troubles, 
Malaria and Blood Poison, Rheumatism, Neuralgia and 
Dyspepsia absolutely cured by our Shields. Koot Bat- 
teries (SI) cure all foot and ankle troubles. £f "Send for 
book, "A Plain Road to Health," free. 

CHICAGO MAGNETIC SHIELD CO., 
106 Post St.. San Francisco. 

Ventilated Ruler 
BOOT. 

Will Not Sweat 
the Feet. 

WILL KEEP THE KKET 

iv \ km and ma. 

Warranted to satisfy ill 
all cases. 

"Have proved the best rubber boot I have ever worn. 
They do not sweat or tire the feet." Or. W. ><■ Mr.- 
Clear », Washington, Pa. Hip Boots sent CO. D., 96.50. 

UJ. T. ALLEN, 
Agent for Pacific Coast, 416 Market St., San Francisco. 





National 




BELTING -A-IlSTID LA-OHSTO-, 
FT7X.X.ED EAWSZDE HOPS, 

MANUFACTURED BY 

HERMAN ROYER, 855, 857, 859 and 861 BRYANT ST., SAN FRANCISCO 

I ESTABLISHED 1863- 1 



Gold Medals for Best Truss in Existence. 

The l-X-L ELASTIC TRUSS has 

Cured more cases in the* short Ai;x-L El A"sTiC~Tljl LiS 

period IC of its existence than 
all others I I combined •luring 
the last U century. Has the 
1 nlveral Joint n movement in 
the Pad (ball and socket ad- 
lusUble), making *f it the most 
positive retainer, I combining 
comfort and ease, ever I I invent- 
ed, and performs mi- ^sl-raculous cures where all 
others fail. Indorsed by « the Medical Faculty of 
the world. This Truss is W\. not a magnetic or elec- 
trical humbug.butan intelligent C RaJ>i<al Cirr Tai ss. 
I-X-L ELASTIC TRUSS b CO, Main office, 
No 04e Market Street, San Francisco, Cal, 




" VICTOR " WROUGHT IRON 

DOOR HANGER AND RAIL 

The above cut show s 
the method of attach- 
ing the improved VfC- 
I TOR Door Hanger, the 
simplicity and practical 
application of which 
immediately commends 
itself to those w ho liav c 
suffered from the incon- 
\ eniences of the many 
poor appliances which 
nave been put on the 
market. The VICTOR 
Hanger combines the 
following excellent 
qualities : 

It is made (except the 
wheels) of wrought 
iron, in a thorough 
manner. The wheels 
hav e steel axles anil arc 
made perfectly true. 

The track has a raised 
center, behind which 
the lip of the hanger 

nrolects to prevent dcrai'ment. The wheel travels both on Kim and Axlk, the axle traveling on the hanger bar and 
the rim on the track roil, thus overcoming all frictl in and making this the KASIK.ST WOHKINfi HANGER 
IN IISE! For Sf>)e only by 

AUSTIN BROTHERS, Sole Agents, 




Trarlo Mark 

HORSE LINIMENT. 

Perfectly Wonderful how Quickly this 
Medicine Cures Flesh Wounds! 

The BEST SPAVINCURE in the Market. 

No Farmer or Stock Raiser should be without it. I 
will guarantee it to do all I claim for it, and refund the 
money should it fail. 

LANGLY & MICHAELS, Wholesale Ag ts, San Francisco. 
For full particulars and special Contracts, address 

JOHN R. WILLIAMS, 

Stockton, Cal. 



H. H. BROMLEY, 

Dealer in Leonard ft Ellis Celebrated 

i TRADE MARK. 




WW* 



STEAM CYLINDER AND MACHINE OILS, 

The Bent and Cheapest. 

These Superior Oils cannot be purchased through dealer 
• Tid are sold direct to consumer only by H. H. BROMLEY, 
sole dealer in these goo 8 

Referenoe— Any first-class Engine or Machine Builder iu 
America Address. 4.1 Sacramento SI.. N. •> . 



MISSION ROCK DOCK 

AND 

GRAIN WAREHOUSE, 

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 

75,000 

Storage at lowest rates. 75,000 

CHARLES H. SINCLAIR, Snpt. 
( At, UKV IHMJK 01., l'rop'ri-C-ttjoe 318 HI, flu. 3, 



16 



f A6IFI© I^URAL fRESS. 



[Joly 5, 1884 



jEL h. h. 




N. CURRY & BRO , 113 Sansome Street, San Francisco, Cal., 




Colt's New Magazine Rifle 25J-lncn Barrel 44 O. F , 16 Shots, Tafclng 

Model 1878 Cartridge. 



As a family remedy, Wfl arc safe in making the hold 
assertion that no liniment exists that will compare with 
the H. H. H. >n curing the following discuses: 

RHKl'MATISM Apply freely to the parts affected 
and take internally from 10 to 20 drops in from 2 to 3 
tahlcspoonfuls of water :i times a day. , 

DIARRHCKA-Dose, as ahovc. 

COLIC- Same as ahovc, repeated every half hour 
until relieved. 

TOOTHACIl R Saturate a piece of cotton and put 
jt in the tooth, repeat in IS minutes if not relie\ed. 

All other aches and pains apply freely to the parts 
affected. 

As a horse medicine it is superior to any liniment ev er 
invented. For RINGBONE. SPAVIN, SAVKK- 
NEY, CAJ.IAHS I.I MI'S and all OI.I> SOUKS, 
apply freely so as to Mister, from three to five day s in 
succession, and, in four or live days, if not cured, repeat 
asatnrst. SPKAIN'S, STIFF .lolNTs, HKl'ls- 
ES, \VI\1> <; \I,I,S, and all slight ailments, apply a 
small i|iiantit.v , so at, not to Mister. SADDLE 
SOKES, CI'TS, ;tnd all other sores where the skin it 
hroken, mix the liniment half and half with Ml] kind of 
Oil WUi apply in moderation. 

H. H. MOORE & SONS, 

PROPRIETORS 

Cut this Out and Keep it for Reference, 



Remington and Ballard Sporting Rifles, Colt's and Smith & Wesson Pistols. Metallic Cartridges, Braes and Paper Shot Gun Sheila. 

Tradb Suppmkd on Lirrrai, Trrmh. 



iMfORTHU) AND DKALKR8 IU 

Firearms, Ammunition and 

SPORTING GOODS. 

W, W. Greener, Colt, Remington, and Parker 

Breech-Loading Shot Cuns. 

WIIHHK8TKK, I'OW, Mamiii and ■ArlLI.N 

Repeating Rifles. 

TBI 



HARVESTERS' HEADQUARTERS! | Hotel? apd p-lippier IM, 



THE NEW STOCKTON i 

WHEAT CLEANER. 




Before I / after\ ~i w 

WEARING THE PATENT 

DUPLEX GALVANIC BELT. 

THE UKPARA liLELEP SUCCESS OF THIS 1U5DICA1 
belt in the cure of Nervous Weakness and prOBt ra- 
tion, Iniirotoncv. KheuniatiMii, Neuralgia, Dj gpepsia, 
''onstipation nnd all Li^ el and Kidn<-\ Ufa a-» s. i> attested 
by thousands who have heen cured h\ it. It U not the 
only Galvanic BcK in the/ market, bat it it* the only one 
that ever received a Silver Medal as a premium. It i. 
universally acknowledged to he tup. Rear in this world. 
It is adapted to pelf treatment and cur*- nt home. Full 
instructions fro with every belt. Price ol belt, complete, 
• ithtr male or female, *l6. Sent prepaid to anji address 
for cash, or by express C. O. D. Address: 

DUPLEX GALVANIC CO.. 
112 Kearny St., San Francisco. Cal 

The Genuine Duplet Galvanic Belt is Patented, 
Beware of imitations. 




ANDERSON & PATRIQUIN, 



i «- 



ANDERSON'S SPRINGS, 

Near Middletown. 

Lake County, Cal. 

nineteen miles from Calistoga, Napa County, 
five miles from Middletowuand ten miles from 
the Oreat Qcyseis, between which and An-loi- 
sou's Springs there lire good wagon roads, 

HOT 8t.7I.PHin ami HTF..VM BATHS for Hi., 
cure iff R'lcnmaliam. Patalvsis, HI. Vitus" 
Danes, Dropiy. etc. ("old Sulphur, Soda, Mag- 
nesia mid lion Springs fur Dyspepsia, Stomach, 
Liver and Kidney aliections. Chalybeate Iron 
Bpflng for hemorrhages. 

Scenery unsurpassed '. climate mild and eqiia- 
lile: consumptives generally Improved in 
health and asthmatics aie invariably relieved. 

Trout fishing in the grounds; deer bunting 
in the immediate vicinity. 

New cottages for the hitter accomodation!) of 
guests. Cooking good. 

El-PRCSS and P. O. AntlRE55: 
MlDOlTTOWN, LAKC CnUNTV. Cai. • 



AHEAD! 



ANOTHER 
YEAR'S 



SUCCESS! 




Mwv HiM'ltKK mow iu unc. The Derrick is moicdfrom 
stock to stack ground on it sled the pole remaining perpen- 
dicitlur while innvtug. Improved blocks are used «itli the 
Durrick. The Net* are center o|M*nin^, simple and dural-lc 
Kitrly orders solicited. THOS. POWELL, 
manufacturer Stockton. CaX. 



patent**** and 




GOOD EYESIGHT 

not 



blessing 

enjoyed 

ny every one Are youreyes weak r,r iu- 
Haiueil; have you overstrained them in 
reading or writing; have the eyelids be- 
come swollen; trs MOTHKR CARY8 
EYE WATKIl which does not requite 
to \k diluted, hut is refreshing aud 
aoothiug the imtaut it is a;.| lied, and 
does not smart like other picnarations. 
If your eyelids are stuck together in the 
morning, this Eye W ater will relieve you. 
A Im.k ol Salve f..r the eyelids contained 
In each package of Kye Water The greatest disc .. very of 
the age for the relief of the eye- Price '.'Sfccuts per package 
Ml druggists and country s»..ie» can ol.tain it. for you 
Packed i.y MRS GRAOE CARY, Ban Francisco "Mother 
Cary V preparations are now for sale over the entire coast. 

We will send youawalch or a chain 
BY MAIL OR EXPRESS l> 

examined befon- paving any mone,T 
and If not satUTfai lory, returned at 
our expense. We mannfaclure all 
our watches and 6ave yon 30 per 
cent. Catalogue of 280 styles free. 

Evkkt Watco WiwotiTin. AnnBEsa 

STANDARD AMERICAN WATCH CO., 

PITTSBURGH. PA. 




OVER 2GO I TXT USE I TNT CATiIFORNIA ! 

57 Sold last Year and every one gave Perfect Satisfaction. 
CAPACITY— 180 Sacks per hour. Can be attached to any Thrashing Machine. 

Bend for ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE anil PRICE LIST. Aiii.hsss: 

L. G. THOMPSON, Stockton, Cal. 



PROPRIETORS. 

Lane's Mineral Springs, 

Calaveras County, Cal. 

PINK AM> HEMLOCK CHEMICAL- VAIHR AND 

ELECTRO-THERMAL BATHS. 

Connected with these Springi are Hot and Cold Baths. 
The water of these Springs is cold, clear and |ialatahle, 
liav ing been used 20 years for Medical Purposes. 

These Fountains of Health are located .t.'i miles cast of 
Stockton, in the foothills of the Sierras, at an altitude of 
1,000 feet also e the level 'if the sea. Always ready, winter 
and summer, for the reception of patients, on account ol 
the even temperature of this most genial climate. 
These Springs are surrounded hy hills and mountain", 
vend with a forest of oak, in the midst of the Qppper, 



gold and siber mines. Th 
Hotel. Cottages, Camp Ground 
On and after May U. 1&84 
day, Wednesday and Friday 

Stock ton /'. O. addrms iriU th 



xlations consist of a 

hies. 



o leaves Milton Mon- 
rrival of train from 
Milton, Cala\ eras Co. 
JAMES HUTCHINS, Praprhrtor, 



PACIFIC HOTEL, 



(►RONTIMI H. K. I'FI'OT), 



MERY'S IMPROVED PIONEER 



BARLEY CRUSHER, 

Using Ihe Benoii Corrogaled Rollers. 

STILL AT THE FRONT! 




■ 



This Mill has been in use on Ihis Coast for 5 years, 

TAKEN THE PREMIUM AT THE STATE FAIR 

Four years in succession, and has met with general favor, there 
now being 

OVER 125 OF THEM IN USE IN CALIFORNIA! 

Ii i- i he most economical and durable Feed Uill in use. '. am sole man u 
faeturer ol the Corrugated Roller Mill. The mills are already to mount on 

w agous. 

I thank the public for the kind patronage received thus far, and hope for a continuance of the same. 

3VL. MER.Y, Chico Iron Works, Cllico, Cal. 



A T. Hi » Kl 
U }i Kw m 
GBO II Si Hon 



Dewey & Co.'s Scientific Press Patent Agency 



I E8TABUBHXU 

i 1860. 



Invkntohs on the Ruffle Court «ill Hud il greatly to their advantage to consult this old, experienced, lirst-class 
Agene\ . W< ha\< able and tru-tw ortl.y Associates an I Agents iu Washington and the capital cities of the principal 
nations of the world. Iu connection with our editorial, scientific aud Patent i^iw Library, aud record of original 
a-es in our olBic, we have other advantages far heyond those which can be offered home inventors by other agencies. 
The information accumulated through long and careful practice' before the Office, and the frequent examination of 
'atents already granted, for the purpose of determining the patentability of inventions brought before us, enables 
. often to gi\ e advice which « ill lave Inventors the expense of applying for Patents upon inventions which arc not 
new, Circulars uf advici stut Iiccou receipt »! iiosta^c. Address UCWEV & CO., Patent Agents, io'i Market Ht.,S, F, 



Tulare City, 



California 



J. B. WELSH, Proprietor. 

Ilai ui"; purchased this well known popular resort aud 
hfnov a rkn it TIIROt'onotT, a continuance of public favor 
is confidently solicited. As heretofore, it will be eon 
ducted as a 

TEMPERANCE HOUSE, 
The st.rictest care being gi\en to the comfort anil acobm 

modatioo of guests. 
Baths connected with the house. 

our aecommodati ns are ample, and families can find 
rooms and comfort at rearonable charges. 

OenUemanJj porters w ill be present on arrital of trains 
to receive baggage and passengers. 

iyStages for Visalia, Portcrville, WoOdviUe, ete.,leate 
this house. Special accommodations secured by tele- 
graph for parties and families. 



LAUREL GLEN FRUIT FARM, 

j ii (}pf ill ,s T|1 *- • • • 

SANTA CRUZ HILLS. 



Beautifully located four miles from railroad and beach. 
Pleasant groves, fine fruit in its season, milk and cream. 

„ r I • i>" , wishing loard in a beautiful retreat, with 
pleasant surroundings, should address, 

ISAAC DA KIN, 

8oi|tiel, Santa Okw Co., Cal. 

COMMERCIAL HOTEL, 

A. & J. HAHN, Prop're, 
Nos. 273, 275, 277 aud 279 Main Street, Stockton, Cai.. 
Kate*. (1.85 to $2 Per Day. 
Stage offices for College ville and Oakdale, Roberta and 
Union Islands. And Lane s Mineral Springs stages. The 
mostdesirable location in the city. Refurnished and refit- 
ted in the best style for the accommodation of the public. 
Free noanh from all trains and staamhoata to the hotel. 



ST. DAVID'S, 71.. HOWARD STRF.KT. NEAR Tit IK I > 
-A first class lodging hotel , containing teo rooms, 
water anil gas in each room: no better beds Id the world; 
no guest allowed to use the linen once used by another, 
a large reading-room; hot and cold water; baths free; 
price ol room per night, . 60c and 7. r .c,; iier week , from 
upward; o|ien all night. At Ferries take Omnibus Line 
direct to house. £. ill'OIlKS, Proprietor. 



Aag. Wolff (2,S r ! Book Binder. 

M0SIO AND MAOAZINE8 
Bound at Short Notice an.: Lowest City Priest. 



II 



JulyVi884.] 



PA6IFI6 f^URAL PRESS. 



The Surrender at Yorktown. 

Of the many impressive scenes of the Re- 
volution perhaps none was of moremoment than 
the surrender at Yorktown. We suppose that 
our readers are familiar with the events, which 
led up to this victory for the American arms, 
and so we confine ourselves to the scene itself 
as portrayed in the engraving on this page. 

The ceremony, on the occasion of tne sur- 
render, was exceedingly imposing. The Amer- 
ican army was drawn up on the right side of 
the road leading from Yorktown to Hampton 
and the French army on the left. Their 
lines extended more than a mile in length. 
Washington, upon his white charger, was at the 
head of the American column, and Rochambeau, 
upon a powerful bay horse, was at the head of 
the French column. A vast concourse of peo- 
ple, e<|ual in number, according to eye-wit- 
nesses, to the military, was also assembled from 
the surrounding country to participate in the 
joy of the event. Universal silence prevailed 
as the vanquished troops slowly marched out of 
their intrenchments, with their colors cased and 
their drums beating a British tune, and passed 
between the columns of the combined armies. 

All were eager to look upon Cornwallis, the 
terror of the South, in the hour of his adversity . 
They were disappointed; he had given himself 
up to vexation and despair, and, feigning ill- 
ness, he sent (Jeneral O'Hara with his sword, 
to lead the vanquished army to the Held of 
humiliation. Having arrived at the head of the 



line, General O'Hara advanced toward Wash- 
ington, and, taking off his hat, apologized for 
the absence of Karl ( !owiwallis. The Command- 
er-in-Chief pointed him to (xeneral Lincoln for 
directions. It must have been a proud moment 
for Lincoln, for only the year before he was 
obliged to make a humiliating surrender of his 
army to British conquerers at (Charleston. 
Lincoln conducted the royal troops to the field 
selected for laying down their arms, and there 
General O'Hara delivered to him the sword of 
Cornwallis; Lincoln received it, and then po- 
litely handed it back to O'Hara to be returned 
to the Earl. 

The delivery of the colors of the several regi- 
ments, twenty-eight in number, was next per 
formed. For this purpose, twenty-eight British 
captains, each bearing a flag in a case, were 
drawn up in line. Opposite to them, at a dis- 
tance of six paces, twenty-eight American ser 
geants were placed in line to receive the colors. 
Kusign Wilson of Clinton's brigade, the young- 
est commissioned officer in the army (being then 
only eighteen years of age), was appointed by 
Colonel Hamilton, the officer of the day, to con- 
duct this interesting ceremony. When Wilson 
gave the order for the British captains to ad- 
vance two paces, to deliver up their colors, and 
the American sergeants to advance two paces 
to receive them, the former hesitated, and gave 
as a reason that they were unwilling to surren- 
der their flags to non-commissioned officers. 
Hamilton, who was at a distance, observed this 
hesitation, and rode up to inquire the cause. 
On being informed, he willingly spared the feel- 



TT A T T *Q VEGETABLE 
XlXiJLiJL O SICILIAN 

Hair Renewer. 

The Best is the Cheapest. 

Safety! Economy ! ! Certainty of Good 

Results tl ! 
These qualities are of prime importance in Hie 
selection of a preparation for the hair. Do not 
experiment with new remedies which may do 
harm rather than good ; but profit by the ex- 
perience of others. Buy ami u>e with perfect 
confidence an article which everybody knows 
to be good. H all's Hair Rknkwkr will uot 
disappoint you. 

PREPARED RY 

R. P. Hall & Co., Nashua, N. H. 

Sold by all Druggists. 

DIVIDEND NOTICE. 

The German Savings and Loan Society. 

For the half-year ending Jn u e :i0, 1884, the Board of 
Directors of the GERMAN SAVINGS AND LOAN SO 
CIETY has declared a dividend on Term Deposits at the 
rate of four and thirty two one-hundredths (4 32-100) per 
cent per annum, and on Ordinary Deposits at the rate of 
three and six tenths (!) 8-10) per cent per an. turn, payable 
on a. id after the 1st, da\ ..I July, 1*84. Bv order 

GEO. LETTE, Sewetary. 



tdljcatioiial. 




CALIFORNIA MILITARY ACADEMY 

Oakland, California. 

Col. W. H. O'BRIEN. Principal. 

A First-Class Boarding School for Boys 

Term Begins Monday, July 21, 1884 



HOPKINS ACADEMY 



OAKLAND, 



CALIFORNIA. 



REV, H. E. JEWETT. Principal. 



Til K NKM SCHOOL THAR RKOINS 

TUESDAY.. JULY 29, 1884 



B K rJ 



E lUlf j 



v— » ^- ■ — 




SURRENDER OF THE BRITISH STANDARDS AT YORKTOWN. 



ingsofthe British captains, and ordered Kn- 
sign Wilson to receive them himself, and hand 
them to the American sergeants. This scene is 
depicted in the engraving, 

When the colors were surrendered the whole 
royal army laid down their arms. It was an 
exceedingly humiliating task for the captives, 
for they had been for months enjoying victories 
under their able commander, and had learned to 
look upon the rebels with profound contempt. 
After grounding their arms and laying off their 
accoutrements, they were conducted back to 
their lines, and guarded by a sufficient force 
until they commenced their march for perma- 
nent quarters in the interior of Virginia and 
Maryland. 

Wonderful Developments In Optical 
Science, 

All complicated case* of defeitive vision most carefully 
test.sd after the most protrre8si\c method known to 
opthalmolony, and, if any morbid chants are indicated, 
I will Ik- only too happy to recommend the best opthalmie 
surgeon on the coast in time; especially In young chil- j 
dren, where progressive myopia is manifested, and 
thereby induce parents to seek the advice of an oculist. 
It is a well known faet that the majority of near-sighted 
persons, especially if suited by a patent process, rest in 
fancied security, when their cases really need the atten- 
tion of a pathologist Near sighted eyes are looked upon 
;is unsound, with but few exceptions. 

All errors of refraction corrected with suitable glasses, 
appliahle to myopia, hypermotropia, simple, compound 
and mixed cases of astigmatism. My lenses are made by 
the most skillful workmen of Paris, to order. Being con- 
stantly occupied in testing defective eyes, 1 have no dis- 
position to lose valuable time in doing automatic labor at 
grinding in C. Muli.kh, Optician, 

5 13f> Montgomery Street, near Bush, S. F. 




The last break in the levee on the lower di- 
vision of Roberts island was closed Sunday 
afternoon. 

A.nobu'9 Liver Pills cure rheumatism and headache, 



and Iodide of Potass. 

The Best Spring Medicine and BeautiBer of the Com- 
plexion in use. Cures Pimples, Boils, Blotches, Neural- 
gia, Scrofula, Gout, Rheumatic and Mercurial Pains, and 
all Diseases arising from a disordered state of the Blood 
or Liver. SOLD BY ALL DRUOGISTS. 

J. R. GATES & CO., Proprietors, 
417 Sansome Street. 



An Oakland Residence. 

A large, well built, pleasantly and desirably located res 
idence, with rounds :t7Qx!>46> feet,, in Oakland, will be 
sold t a bargain by the owner himself. The grounds are 
well supplied with fiuit and ornamental trees and shrub- 
bery. Will sell the land In several lots, if desired. Term 
of payment easy. Address " Oaklander," box K361, 9. F 



3STO W RE A D Y ! 
L. O. EMERSON'S NEW BOOK 

Choral Worship! 



Choirs, Singing Classes, and Musical Con- 
ventions. 

Full Church Music Book size. Price si, no. 

rHOKAI. WORSHIP has 320 pages. 

CHORAL AVORSHIP has 10(1 pages of Elements, 

Exercises, Easy and Graded Songs in one, two, or more 

parts, Glees, etc. A good variety. 
CHORAL WORSHIP has 70 pages of the best 

Metrical Tunes. 
CHORAL WORSHIP has 110 pages of the finest 

Anthems, Motets, Sentences, etc., for Choir use. 
CHORAL AVORSHIP has 86 pages of miscellaneon" 

matter, including good material for Concert Singing 

ami for training the voice, 

On the whole, Choral Worship is a book tor the 
times, appearing as Chorus, Choir and Choral Singing is 
again coming in favor, anil creating a demand for just 
what this book supplies -in the best (toy. 

Send #1 for Specimen Copy. 

SONG WORSHIP (just, out) is u Sunday School 
Song Book of the greatest promise, by Emerson and Shci- 
win. Send *2f» cents for one specimen copy. 

OLIVER DITS0N & CO. Boston. 



First-class. Centrally located. Well equipped. Full 
corps of Teachers. All branches belonging to the modern 
Business College taught. 

£3rSRND KOR CIRCULAR, JfJ 



THE HARMON SEMINARY, 

Berkeley, Cal. 

A BOARDING ANI> DAY SCHOOL KOR 
VOITNG I.ADI ICS. 

The Next Term will open July 31, 1884. 

For Catalogue or other information, address : 

THE .Ml SES HARMON, Berkeley, Cal., 

Or E. J. WICKSON, 414 Clav St ... S F. 



SACKETT SCHOOL. 

English, Classical and Commercial Courses 
of Study. 

STRICTLY FIRST-CLASS in all Respects. 

The next School Year will begin Monday, .Inly 14. 
1884. Send address, for Catalogue, to 

D.«J". SACKETT, A. M., Principal, 

fi2f) Hobait St., Oakland, Cal 



C. H. DITSON&CO., 



887 Broadway, New York- 



Should consult 
DEWKY&co 

A M E R I CAN 



California Inventors 

anoForeion Patent Solicitors, for obtaining Patents 
and Caveats. Established in 18G0. Their long experience aa 
journalists and large practice as Patent attorneys enables 
them to offer Pacific Coast Inventors far better survice than 
they can obtain elsewhere. Send for free circulars of infor- 
mation. Offlceof the Mt-.ino and Scientific Press and 
Pacific Ritrai. Press, No 252 Market St, S F Elevator 
IS front at. 



BOWENS ACADEMY, 

University Avenue. - - Berkeley, Cal. 

PREPARATORY, COMMERCIAL AND ACADEMIC 

DEPARTMENTS. 
Terms, *:i0 anil *ff> per school month. School year will 
hcKin Monday, .1 illy 11, 1881. Send for circular. 

T. STEWART BOWENS, A R., T. C. P., 

Principal. 

IINCOKI'ORATEII 188U.| 

THE HOME SEMINARY 



YOUNG LADIES AND CHILDREN. 

The next Term will commence August 14, 1384 
French Conversation, Vocal Music and Drawing taught 
daily and included In the regular course. The Seminar) 
is a home where each pupil will receive the attention 
best, suited to her wants. 

MISS M. S CASTI.EMAN, Principal. 
MISS J Hid A OSTROM, Associate Principal. 

San Jose, Cal 



MISS BISBEE'S SCHOOL 

FOR YOUNG LADIES, 

1020 Oak Street, - - Oakland, Cal , 

WILL RE-OPEN 
Wednesday July SO 1884 



18 



fAeiFie RURAL PRESS. 



[July 5, 1884 



Lapdp tor gale apd Jo Let. 

VINEYARD LAND! 

Hcweli Mountain, Napa County, 
California. 

1.400 ACRES 



IN LOTS TO SUIT. 

Apply to 

C. W. BANKS, 

Room 4, 320 Sansome St., 

Or CHAS. SUTTON, JR., 

32 California St., San Francisco. 



Select Vineyard & Orchard Lands. 

Large Tracts for Colony and Crazing 
Purposes. 

Those desiring to purchase tracts of Vineyard or Or 
■ hard Land near the Bay of San Francisco, of choice 
• lualit.v, improved or unimproTed, may obtain information 
concerning several very select offering* by applying to 
the undersigned. LARGE TRACTS OP LAM', .nit 
able for colony fir grazing purposes, in Southern Califor- 
nia, will also ijc a specialty. At present we offer ,17,000 
acres of land in thel 'ajon ranch, San Diego county , suit- 
able for a bruit-growing colony, at *C per ai re; targe Bub- 
divisions of the same at equally low price: small Segre- 
gated tracts of select land at *«0 per ai re. 

Also, 2,000 acres of land suitable for fruit growing, 
without irrigation, at 836,000 Other tracts will he sc 

lected in any part of the State upon receiving C mis 

sions for the service; such cammisstons on behalf of the 
purchaser arc solicited. Tein|x>rary private oitice . ot the 
undersigned are at Messrs. Kohler 4 Fronting'*, Mont- 
gomery block, fi'.'B Montgomery street, San Francisco, or 
at F.l Cajon Land Company's office, San Dlafo. 

( HAS. A. WETMOHE. 

ONTARIO! 

The Model Settlement of 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA 



Health, Climate and Choice Fruits. 

Map of tract and copy of Ontario Fruit Grower sent 
free on application 

Proceedings of Scmi-Annual State Couvention of Fruit 
Growers, with Ontario Appendix, giving profits of fruit 
culture, climate and general information, sent on receipt 
of thirty cents in stamps. 

Apply to J. S. CALKINS, Room No. 6, Sehuinacker 
block, opposite P. O., Los Angeles, or address 

CHAPPEY BROS., 

Ontario. Cal. 



R. K. NICHOLS. ESQ., 

Lower Lake, - Lake County. California, 

Agent for the 

Purchase & Sale of Real Estate in Lake Co. 

Titles Kxamined; Abstracts Furnished. 
Correspondents: FOX & KELLOGG, 630 California St , 
San Francisco; K. W. BIIITT and A. E. NOEL, Lakcport, 
Lake county. 

ELSINORE ! 

IN THE NEW FRUIT COLONY ON THE 

C. S- R. R-, 20 miles South of Riverside, Bit) farms 
and one hundred town lots have been sold. I'kicfs, $25 
t o $."»0 per acre. Easy terms. 

igrsend for Circulars to the proprietors: 

V. II. 1IEALI), Wv COLLIKK, Etsinore, Cal. 

D. M. GRAHAM, Nadeau Block, 1/m Angeles, Cal. 

for saIjTL'. 



One thousand acres of VINEYARD, ORCHARD AND 
ALFALFA LAND in Fresno County, near the town of 
Fresno , at $15 per acre, as a whole, or f30 per acre in 
subdivision! Apply to 

E. B PERRIN, 

402 Kearny St., S. F. 

GOOD CROPS EVERY SEASON 

Wit hOUt Ini«:il ion, 

FreH liy mail, spcchiii'U number of "The Califurttuiii Real 
Kittute Kjccfutnyr and Mart," full of reliable iuforiimtiou ou 
(flimate, pnxluutioua, etc., of 

SANTA CRUZ COUNTY. 

A.Urpiw. "KXCHAN.JK A\I) MART." Santo Cruz. 0«1 



THE DAVIS IRON WAGON. 

13. A.. SCOTT efc CO . 

I'roprietors fur the Pacific Coast, 
F. O. B<U 8»3, - - Sacramento Cal 

La Prance Steam Fire Engine. 

BATBS' FIRK TRICK, 
tycirculars forwarded free to anv aildreso. 



CONCRETE BUILDINGS. 

SILOS AND RESERVOIRS. 
HA NSOME. 402 Montgomery St.. S. F. Send for Circular, 



50 



Elegant Satin Cards, name on. loc.; Present with K 
i I • .ETNA PKINTISU CO., Norlbford. Ct. 



LAND CLEARING WITH JUDSON POWDER. 



RAILROAD MEN, FARMERS AND VITICULTURISTS HAVE, 

,iy practical experience, found that the .Il'DSON POWDEB especially, is the best adapted to RKMi >VE 
si l MI'S. 

FROM B TO 20 POUNDS OK THIS I'OWDKR will always bring anj sized stump with roots char 
out of the ground. The EXPENSE IS LESS THAN ONE HALF the cost of Grubbing. 
itsjTFor particulars how to use the same, apply to 

BANDMANN, NIELSEN & CO., General Agents, 

SAN FRANCI8CO, CAL. 



RANDOLPH HEADER 



ADDRESS 

TRUMAN, ISHAM & CO, 

SAN rRANClBCO,OAI- ■ 
V, S. A 




Off? fOR H£AVltfS£A/(E QiAWAr 

/a eurA fiMJulP/f ft&0£fi/N me Momml 



Hopland, Mendocino CoUNTT, May .">, I8S4. 

AfESSfiS. TRUMAN, IS II AM .(■ CO.: 

I « kntlk M EN : In answer to your inquiry as to the RANDOLPH HEADER, purchased from you 
last season, I can only say that it is the finest I ever saw, cutting doWD grain with great ease, 
besides doing clean work and running easily in sandy bottoms. The platform raising and falling 
horizontally is one of the great improvements of the age. 

It stops and starts easily in wheat, producing sixty bushels to the acre. 

1 remain yours truly, KKKHKRICK CLAY. 




S. W. Corner Kearny and Montgomery Ave., San Frarvvsco. 

'Free Coach to and from tbe House J W. BECKER. Proprietor 



FATJO & SWEATT'S IMPROVED GRADERS. 




Fit;. I REPRESENTS GRADER TAKING \ LOAD. FIG. 2 LOAD OI F TIIF. GRol NO 
ready to take to destination. Fig :, Humping and Spieailimr at the same time. The framo is made ol wrought 

and angle iron; the Hcoop of boiler plate, with cutting edge of steel, |\4. our Regular size carries I -yard earth, 
and we make them larger or smaller to older, price For large jobs we hat i a Grader on this same principle, to 

set on any ordinary farm wagon; carries Ij yards earth; price. s20U. Fur particulars, call on or address 

FATJO & SWEATT, Santa Clara, Santa Clara Co., Cal. 



WONDERFUL REMEDY ! NEVER FAILS ! 
HOLDEN'S 

ETHEREAL COUGH SYRUP! 

THE BEST REMEDY KNOWN 

For the speedy rellel ef Coughs. Hoarseness and Irrita- 
t ion of the Throat, as thnill»rdll can attest. Believes 
and subdues all coughs at once, and cures most of them, 
hut will nut cure consumption, neither can the doctors. 
The great and increasing demand tor this syrup has in- 
duced me to place it before tin public Relief for all 
coughs is warranted, or money refunded bv returning the 
bottle. 

p r ;„ QQ . \ Small Bottle r>o 

JTXlCtJfa. , I. jilge Dottle $1 DO 

Prepared and sold by DR. E. S. HOLDEN, 

BH Mission St , San Fi-uc is. .,, OaL 
(VFor sal, bj all l>ruggisu. 



THE LOCKHART ELEVATOR 

AND SELF-FEEDER 

For Threshing Engines. 

MR. WM. ATCHISON WRITES : 

Mil. A. W. I.HI KIIART Dear Sir: Having run one of 
your side Feeders last \car, l consider it so far ahead ol 
unv other, that no man can afford to rim a machine 
without it. WM. ATCHISON, Stockton. 

£-jj"i ir.lers given soon will be filled. Address: 

A. W IiOCKHART, 

Stockton, Cal. 



breeders' birectory. 

Six lines or less in this Directory at 50c. a line pel month 

HORStS AND CATTLE. 

SEE H. PIERCE'S Jersey advertisement. 



WILLIAM NILES, Los Angeles, Cal. Thorough 
bred Poultry, Cattle and Hogs. Write for circular. 



ROBERT BECK. San Francisco. Breeder of Thor- 
oughbred Jersey Cattle. Herd took six premiums of the 
eleven offered at State Fair, 1881, and six of IX in 1883. 



PETER SAXE & SON, Lick House, San Francisco, 
Cal. Importers and Breeders, for past twelve years, of 
every variety of Cattle, Horses, Sheep and Hogs. 

MRS. M. E. BRADLEY, San Jose, Cal. Breedei 
of recorded thoroughbred Short Horn Cattle and Berk- 
shire Hogs. A choice lot of young stock for sale. 

E. W. WOOLS EY & SON, Fulton, Sonoma Co. 
Cal. importers and breeders of choice Thoroughbred 
Spanish Merino Sheep. City office, No. 418 California 
street, S. F. 



COTATE RANCH BREEDING FARM, Page's 

Station, S. F. & N. 1". K. K. p. O., Penn's Grove 
Sonoma Co., Cal. Wilfred Page, Manager Breeders 
of Short Horn Cattle, Kngiish Draft Horses, Spanish Me- 
rino Sheep and Berkshire Swiue. 



GEORGE BEMENT, Redwood City, San Mateo Co., 
Cal. Breeder of Ayrshire Cattle, Southdown Sheep and 
Berkshire Hogs. All kinds of stock for sale. 

P. J. SHAP TER, olema, Cal. Breeder of fine Jerseys 

J- R. ROSE, Lakc\illc, Sonoma Co., Cal. Breeder of 
registered Thoroughbred Devons; fine roadsters and 
draft horses. 



R. J. MERKELEY, Sacramento, breeder Short Horns, 
Percheron Norman Horses and Berkshire Swine. 



SHEEP AND GOATS. 

L. U. SHIPPEE, Stockton, Cal. Importer and breeder 
of Spanish Merino Sheep, Durham Cattle, Red Duroc 
and Berkshire Swiue High graded Rams for sale. 



J. B. HOYT, Bird's Landing, Solano Co., Cal. Breeder 
and importer of Shropshire sheep. Rams for tale: also 
cross-bred Merino and Shropshire. 



A. G. STONE3IFER Breeder of Pure Blooded 
French Merino Sheep, Hills Kerry, Stanislaus Co., Cal. 



POULTRY. 



GEO. B. BAYLEY, 1817 Castro St., Oakland, he- 
porter and Breeder ot all the liest known and moat 
urntltahle lj»nd and Water Fowls, Brahmas, Cochins, 
Leghorns, Houdans, Laugshans, Wyanduttcs, (luinea 
and Pea f owls, Bronxe TurKcys, Ducks, etc. 

SMITH'S POULTRY YARDS, Blanding avenue, 
In t. Everett and Broadwav, Alameda, Cal. Address, 
('has. W. Smith, 1*. O. Box 67, Oakland, Cal. 



D. D. BRIGGS, Los Gatos, Cal. Importer and breeder 
of White Dorkings, W. F. Bl. Spanish, Bl. Hamburg*. 
Eggs, *l 50. Langsiian eggs, 60. Circulars free. 

MRS. M. E. NEWHALL, San Jose-. White and 
Brown leghorns, Ijiugshans, plMuuuth Rocks, Light 
Brahmas, PBkln Ducks and Bronze Turkeys. 



BIG HEDGE POULTRY YARDS. San Mateo, 
Cal. Thoroughbred Poultry and Eggs for tale. Alto 

Incubators. 

PURE WHITE LEGHORNS a specialt7; 1-year 
fowls *2 each; eggs, *IJ per IS. \V C. Damon, Napa, < al. 



WELLINGTON'S IMPROVED EGG FOOD. 

1 !l>. boxes, 40 cts.; .\ ft., boxes, SI; 111 th. boxes, *v!.5u; 
'lb lb. boxes, |6. This is the only preparation in the 
world that will positively prevent every disease of poul- 
try and make hens la.\ . Ask pout grocer or druggist for 
it. B. F. Wellington, l'rop r, 4-2. r . Washington St., S. F. 

LONG LOOKED *OR COME AT LAST. 

Hatches hgi:* lietter than a hen. Tho Pacific Im-uba- 
tor and hrooiler. ileo. II l:.u o , inamita ■fiircr, l.'ll 7 
l 'astro St., Oakland, Cal. 

L. H. CUTTING, 132 Rose St, Stockton, Cal., P. O 
Box No. 7. Breeder and Importer of Wyandottes, 
LanjJBhant, White and Brown Leghorns, Rose Comb 
White and Brown Leghorn*, Black Hamhurgs, Silver 
Penciled Hamhurgs, Golden penciled Hauihurgs, White 
Face Black Bpaolah, White Crested Black Polish, Silver 
Bearded Polish, Golden Bearded Polish, Silver Gray 
Dorkings. F.ggs fur hatching from above varieties. 
Send 2-cent stamp fur circular. 



G. W. Sfc SSIONS, San Mateo; j:j eggs from White Si 
B. leghorns, VI ; Pl.wn. Kocks, 11.60; Langshaua, $&60. 

r. D. MORRIS, Sonoma, Cal. Tuolouse and Rmbden 
Geese, Bronze and W. Holland Turkeys, and all leading 

varieties of Thoroughbred Poultry. 



O. J. ALBEE. Santa Clara, Cal., Breeder of L 
Brahmas, VI. C. B. Polish, White and B. Leghorns, Mo 
Dougall Games. Ivggs Irom Langshans awarded first 

premium at late exhibition. 



MRS. L. J. WATKINS, San Jose, Cal. Pure bred 
Fancy Poultry . White and Brown Leghorns, Plymouth 
Rocks, Langshaus and Houdans. Eggs and Fowls. 

GEO. B. BAYLEY, Oakland, manufacturer and 

di aler in all kinds ol Poultry Appliances, Wire {Set- 
ting, Water Fountains, Hfbfl Troughs, Hone Meal, Egg 
Baskets, Incubating Ttiernioinctcrs, etc. Send stamp 
tor circular. 



J. N. LUND (P. O. Box 11H), cor. Webster and Booth 
Sis., near ML View Cemetery, Oakland. Breeder of 
Poultry, Plymouth Rocks, Brown Leghorns, Light 
Hralunas, Langshans and B. B. It. Game Bantams, 
Jacobin Pigeons & Guinea Fow Is. EggsJt Fowls for sale. 



SWINE. 



JOHN RIDER. Sacramento, Cal. Breeder of Thor- 
oughbred Berkshire Swine. My stock of llogt are all 
recorded in tho American Berkshire Record. 



WILLIAM NILES, Los Angeles, Cal. Thoroughbred 
Poland-China and Berkshire Pigs. Circulars free. 



TYLER BEACH, San Jose, Cal. Breeder of Thor- 
owrhhred Berkshire, 

E G SOBEY, l.ostiatos, breeder of Fine Berkshire*. 



Jolt 5, 1884 ] 



fAeiFie RURAL PRESS. 



19 



breeders' directory Complied. 



BEES. 



HICKS' HIVE— The best movable frame hive in use. 
Also all kinds of Apiarian supplies. "North American 
Beekeepers' Ouide:" Send for Circulars and price list, 
tnieen Bees, etc. C. B. Whiting, 42 Merchants' Ex. , Si F. 

WM. MUTH-RASMUSSEN, Independence, Inyo 
Co , Cal. Dealer ia Honey, Comb Foundation and 
Italian yueen Bees. (No foulbrood in this county.) 
Beehives made to order. . 

J. D. ENAS, Sunnyside, Napa, Cal. Breeder of Pure 
Italian Queens. No foul brood. Comb Foundation, 
Kxtractors, etc. 



COMB FOUNDATION 

Angeles Co., Cal. 



-W. W. Bliss, Duarte, Los 




300 Thoroughbred Rams and Ewes 

From Choice Premium Stock, for sale in lots to suit 
Terms Kbasokabi.k. Orders promptly and satisfactorilv 
tilled. - E. W. WOOLSEY & SON, Fulton, 
Sonoma Co , Cal. 



ITALIAN SHEEP WASH. 

EXTRACT OF TOBACCO. 

Free from Poison. Prepared 

by the Italian Government 

Oo. Cures thoroughly the 
SCAB OF TUE HIIKK.P 

The BEST and CHEAPEST 
remedy known. Reliable testi- 
monials at our ■ >fh v 

For particulars apply to 
OHAS DUISENBExtG k CO.. Sole Agents. J14 Sacramento 

Ht.rMar. Hfcn KruTinlfirn 





Calvert's Carbolic 

SHEEP WASH. 

$!4 p*«r Gallon. 

After dipping the Sheep, 1b use- 
ful for preserving wet hides, de- 
stroying t.ie vine pest, and for 
wheat dressings and disinfecting 
purposes, etc. T. W. JACKSON, 
S. F.. Sole Agent for Pacific Coast. 



THOROUGHBRFD 




SPANISH MERINO SHEEP. 

The FIKST PREMIUM 
FLOCK at the State Fair 
in 1SS3. 

^ Choice Rams & Ewes 

FOB SAL K. 
Orders promptly filled. 
Address FRANK BULLARD, Woodland. Yolo Co., Cal. 

LAUREL RANCH. 

THOROUGHBRED 

Spanish Merino 

SHEEP. 

First Premium Flock for four years. Two 

hundred hea<i for sale cheap for cash, or on terms to suit 
customers. tfSTOrders promptly filled. Address 

J. H. STROBRIDGE, Prop'r, 

Haywards, Alameda Co., Cal. 




LITTLES 




SHEEP DIP. 

Price Reduced to 
$1.25 

PEK GALLON. 



Twenty gallons of fluid 
mixed with cold water will 
make 1,200 gallons of Dip. 
It is superior to all Dips and Dressings for Scab in 
Sheep; is certain in effect^js easily mixed, and is applied 
in a cold state. Unlike sulphur or tobacco, or other 
poisonous Dips, it increases the growth of the wool, stim- 
lates the fleece, and greatly adds to the yolk. It destroys 
all vermin. It is efficacious for almost every disease (in- 
ternal and external) sheep are subject to. 

FALKNER, BELL & CO , 

San Francisco, Cal. 



THOROUGHBRED 

Spanish Merino Sheep. 

A Choice lot of 

n a tvt <s 

For sale; also, 
3.3 O Head 

OF 

YOUNG EWES. 
Address FRED. P. GAGE, Elk Grove, Sacramento Co., Cal. 




40 



Perfect Beauties, new style Imported Chromo Cards, 
Swiss and French Florals, Roses, Birds, Mottoes^ 
- etc., name on, 10 cents. Elegant Premiums FREE 
to agent*. jKTNA PRINTING CO, Nortbford, Coun 



Registered in the A. J. C. C. 
and A. G. C. C. 




Jersey Belle of Scituate that Made 25 lbs. 
Ai ozs. of Butter in one week. 
A grandson of above cow is now in use in the Yerba Bueua 
Thisherd won all the herd prizes for 1882. Since then have been 
added young animals from Mr. Pierce's valuable herds East. 
He now has Jersey Belle of Scituate, Coomassie. Mary Ann 
of St. Lambert, Fanner's Gloiy and Euiotas strains; also 
large selections from the Islands, without regard to cost. 
He has interest in Eastern herds of 200, at the head of which 
stand only living son of Jersey Belle, Romeo de Bouair (876 % 
Mary Ann's blood), and Pierson, the best show hull in Amer- 
ica. These hulls are valued at SlO.OOOeach. 

HENRY PIERCE, San Francisco. 



BADEN FARM HERD. 
Of Short Horn Cattle and Dairy Cows. 

Catalogues and Prices on application to 

ROBERT ASHBTJRNER, 
"arlen Station. ... (Ssn Mston fl|> 



JERSEY COWS FOR SALE. 

Firs -class Jersey Cows, from three to eight years old 
at rom $100 to $2.10 each— all registered. 

R. G. SNEATH, 
83fi Howard St.. San Francisco. 




I1KOTECT YOUR HORSE FROM FLIES 
and Mosquitoes, mid see that he has a Comfort- 
able Suit of Harness to work with. Fly Nets. Linen 
sheets and Hoods, Harm s*. Saddles, Whips, 
Collars, l ap Dusters, Etc. 

A full stock of Leather and Saddlery Goods, wholesale 
and retail. W DAVIS, 

410 Market St., San Francisco. 



PERCHERON STUD BOOK 

Published under authority of the Fhkncii Govkksmknt, 
by the Societe llippi(|ue Percheronne, a great and power- 
ful organization, composed of all the prominent breeders 
anil stallioners of La Perche, where for more than a 
thousand years have been bred this admirable race. This 
volume contains 1 much valuable historical information, 
also records of the breeding of such i tallions and mares 
whose Percherou birth and origin has been established to 
the satisfaction of twenty directors and controllers of 
entries. 

This book will be of valuable service to all Americans 
who are desirous of procuring only the finest and purest 
bred specimens of French horses with established pedi- 
grees. A translation of the introduction will accompany 
the work, which is printed in good styleand neatly bound. 
Price, postpaid, i'J. On sale at this office after February 
1st. Address the PACIFIC Rckal PRBSS, San Francisco 



ENRIGHT'S 

NKW IMI'KOVKl) 

Patent Straw-Burning 

E JVTGrXnXTEsS 

WITH 

PATENT WATER BRIDGE AND GRATES 

All kinds of second-hand Portable Engines (Straw and 
Wood Burning) for sale and to rent on reasonable terms. 
Address, 

JOSEPH ENRIGHT, 

San Jose. Cal. 



GREATLY REDUCED. 

STOCKTON Agricultural Warehouse and 
Globe Foundry. Office and sales warehouse, 
N. W. cor. Market and El Dorado Sts. , Stockton. 

The Stockton Improved Gang Plows, 

Wholesale and retail; over 10,000 in use, and warranted; re 
versible points and extras. StudebakerWagons.Buggiesand 
Carriages; Osborne Mowers and Harvesters; Barbed Wire; 
all kindsCylinder and Journal Oils; Farmers' implements. 

JOHN CAINE, 
(Box 95. Globe Iron Works, Stockton. 



PHOTOGRAPHERS, 

914 Market Street, - - Near the Baldwin 

CABINET PHOTOS $3 PER DOZEN. 

larSATISF ACTION GUARANTEED. TR* 
For tlio Best 

HONEY EXTRACTOR. WAX EXTRACTOR, 



h ■ n'imtion Machine, Honkv Kmvkx * I! 



KK SvloKKH. 



Send for Circular to 

JOS. D. ENAS, 
Sunny Side, Napa City, t'al. 



I'll ^iUIJlUUilJ!51^W?HWTOgMi 



AND NOT 
Itt l.AK Ol V 

r* / \ I i . watchmakers. BymaiT25c. Circulars 
Ot/LEJ iree. J s Birch &"Co..aal>eySt.. N. V 



AXPORD 

IMPROVED INCUBATOR! 




A Nest of Jumbo Hens, showing the Method 
of Coupling 8 Baby Machines to 
One Heater. 

Regulated without electric batteries, springs, weights 
cr clockwork that otherniachines have. The most simple 
and complete regulator in the market. NEVER BEATEN 
in competition. 

First to use electricity ind first to abandon it. Making 
the LARGEST HATCH ever known- 101 chicks from 102 
eggs. Second-hand machine, 17!) chicks from 180 eegs. 

Price Jumbo Bvbv, 12 doz. eggs, $37. r>0; double Baby, 
24 doz. eggs, $65; 400-egg machine, $85. Machine may 
be ssen running at. Woodward's Garden, hatching every 
Sunday. £8TScnd for circular. Address 

I. P. CLARKE, 
California Poultry Farm, Ma v field, or 630 Howard St.,S. F. 

IMPERIAL EGG FOOD 




1 HA DE MAKB 

WILL MAKE YOUR HENS LAY ! 

Keeps Fowl in the Best. Condition, and 
makes Poultry the most Profitable 
.Stock on the Farm. 

The Imperial Egg Food is now used in every part of the 
United States, and its sale on this Coast is simply won- 
derful, our order book showing that every customer con- 
tinues to order, while every letter received is a testimo- 
nial for tli. Imperial. 

Unscrupulous persons are endeavoring to put upon the 
market a poor imitation of the IMPERIAL under a name 
so similar as to be mistaken for it, and we take this means 
of cautioning our numerous customers to see that they 
get the GENUINE; see that TRADE MARK is on every 
package. 

Retail Price of Imperial Egjr Food — 1 pound 
package, 50 cents; 2j-ponnd package, 91; 6-pound box, $2; 
25-pound keg, $6.25. Sold by the trade generally, or 

Address C. C. WICKSON &. CO., 

Removed to 539 Market St., S. F. 



PETALUMA 

INCUBATOR. 

SKI.P-KEOC't.ATINO. 

Gold Medal, Silver Me- 
flal.ainl II First Premiums over 
others. Hatches all kinds 
of Kgg;s. 

All sizes. Prices from spiup. Satisfaction guaranteed. 
Address, PETALUMA INCUBATOR CO., Petaluma, Cal. 
iSTSend for Circulars. ' circulars Free. 1ES 





J M. HALSTED'S 

Self-Regulating 

INCUBATORS. 

From 3830 up. Sent 
for descriptive price list 
Thoroughbred Poultri 
and Kggs. 

lOll Broadway, 

Oakland. Cal 




DO YOU WANT A DOG 7 

It so. selid f..r DOG BCYItRS 
GUIDE, containing iol,.rcJ plates 
ioo engravings of different breeds 
prices they are worth, and where to 
buvthcni. Also, cuts of Bog Pur 
nishing Gooiis of all kinds. Direi 
tions ff.r Training Dogs and B fed 
ing Ferrets. M.iilcd for lo cts. 

PHILADELPHIA EE1T1TELS, 

237 S. 8tb St. Philad'a. 



f\ ■ ■ llip AGENTS WANTED FOR AC- 
III fllMla thentie edition of his lit. Pub 
l|l 11 I 111 r lished al Augusta, Ins 

ULlllllLi Largest, hands est. cheapett, 

best. By the renowned historian and biographer, Col. 
( 'onw ell, whose life of Garfield, published by us, outsold 
the twenty others by 80,000. Outsells every book ever 
Published in this world; many agents are selling fift.v 
daily. Agents are making fortunes All new Beginners 
successful; grand chance for them; 948.60 made bv a lady 
agent the first day. Terms most liberal. Particulars 
free. Better send 25 cents for postage, etc., on free out- 
fit, now ready, including large prospectus hook, ami save 
v aluable time. 

ALLEN & CO., 

Augusta, Maine. 




KED CLoVtRI 



Nkkdiiam's Rkd Clover 
Blossoms, and extracts pre- 
pared from the blossoms Wtt 
Cancer, Salt Rheuin and all 
diseases arising from an import 
state of the blood. It will also 
clear the complexion of all 
pimples, eruptions, etc. Is a 
sure cure for Constipation, 
Piles and many other diseases. 
Is hot laxat ve and tonic. F'or full particulars, address 
W. C. NEEDHAM, Box »2J, San Jose, Cal. Residence 
267 Third Stritui 



JONESA POLAND CHINA [ 




ELIAS GALLUP, Hanford Tulare, Co., Cal. 

Breeder of pure bred Poland China Tigs of the Black 
Beauty, Black Bess, Bismarck, and other noted families 
I ii ported bpan King of Bonny View and Gold Dust at head 
of the herd. Stock recorded in A. P. C. R. Pigs soltl at 

lasonahle rates. Correspondence solicited. Address as above. 




THOROUGHBRED BERKSHIRE PIGS. 

I have now on hand, and offer for sale at reasonable 
prices, at my stock farm, Oak Grove, San Mateo Co., a 
choice lot of pure Berkshire Pigs from two to twelve 
months old, bred from the best strains of Premium 
stock, which I import yearly from England direct 

Apply to WM. CORBITT, 

218 California St., San Francisco. 




For Sale at our Farm at Mountain View 

From our Thoroughbred Berkshire Boar and Sow, 
w ' 1 1 ic}i we imported from England in 1880. Pigs from Im- 
ported Boar and Sow. (26 each; from Imported Boar and 
Thoroughbred Sow, 310 to $20. Our Imported Pigs are as 
nice Pigs as there are in the State. Address : 

I. .1. TRUMAN, San Francisco, Cal. 

BERKSHIRES. 

Nice Lot of Young Thoroughbreds 
FOR SALE. 

DAMS - From Truman's Imported Stock. 
SIRE Isaac, winner of 1st, prize at last state Fair. 
Apply to A. L. SOBEY, 

'J14. r i Mission St., S. P., or Los Gatos, Cal, 

WORTH'S IMPROVED 

Combined Toggle Lever and Screw Press. 

1 desire to call the 
attention of Wine and 
Cider makers to my 
Improved Press. 
With this Press the 
movement of the fol- 
lower is fast at the 
commencement, mov- 
ing one and a half 

/i|l'ini.nquH>nin|iii||ii|n|iiinipiniijii| inches with one turn 

HI if the screw. The last 

turn of the screw 
moves the follower 
one sixteenth of an 
inch. The follower 
has an up and down 
movement of 26} 
inches, with the 
double platform run on a railroad track. You can have 
tw o curbs, bv which you can All one while the other is 
under the press, thereby doing double the amount of 
work of any other press in the market. I also manufac- 
ture Horse Powers for all purposes, Ensilage Cutters, 
Plum fitters Worth's System of Heating Dairies by hot 
water circulation. jtSTSend for a Circular. W H. 
WORTH, Petaluma Foundrv and Machine Works, 
Petaluma, Sonoma Co., Cal. 




THE 



Pacific Carriage Factory. 




LANDAULETS, BAROUCHES, Phaetons, 

Surry Wagons, Buggies, 

PETALUMA CARTS, FARM ami MOUNTAIN WAGONS 
WllKKI.S, Qbariko, ktc. 

J. P. BILL. Prop,, 

1301 and 1323 J St.. - • Sacramento. 



V s CHALLENGE KOI. I. Kit SK V I I 

The Latest and I test, ami Most Com 
olete Si lentiflc SK ITE mi the Market 
Patented Oct. Hi, 1880, and Aug. 28, 1881. 

Improved tug., I ss-; . 
LniKii.u, Tkkms to tiik Tkahk. 
For Prices and Catalogue, 
inclose .'1 cent stamp, 
mentioning youth's 
Companion, to HI. V. 
il e n lev . Pati ntee 
ami Man ufacturer, 
Richmond, Intl. 




THE UNION HORSE- POWER 

Ifaa the Largest Track Wheels. DOUBLE GEARED. 

No Itutls. Chilled lt.ioii.it- 

and LEVEL TREAD 




Tnion Thresher separator mid Clemier, 
*remipni Fiirm Mrfsl Willi Feed < niters, 

etc. H*~Write for Dcscripli\c Catalogue PttBE. 
W. L. UlllKIt A BK«.| I'lilludelphlu, I'" 



fAGIFie f^URAL PRESS. 



[Jdi.y 5, 1884 



& . 'S. Market J ^Efo^T 

Qui quotations are for Wednesday, not Saturda) 
C r Ja't which (hp paper bears. 



Weekly Market Review. 

DOMESTIC PRODUCE, ETC 

San Francisco, July 2, 1884. 

Thi, is a holiday week and trade is somewhat 
broken especially as traders minds are still somewhat 
unsettled and a vacation can be as well taken as not. 
Abroad the situation rather encourages inaction 
here. The following is the latest by cable: 

Livf.ki'ooi.. July 2. Wheat - very inactive. Cal- 
ifornia spot lots, 7* od to 7s 9d; Cargo lots, 37s 6d 
to 38s for off coast, 40s 6d for just shipped, and 39s 
for nearly due, C argoes off coast are slow and on 
l>i iige very inactive. Mark Lane Wheat and 
Mai/e are very dull. English and French country 
markets are quiet. Wheat and Flour in Paris are 
rather easier. Weather in England very fine. 

BAGS— Bags are firm at the following rates. Cal 
cutta Wheat 7@7#c; C alifornia Jute, 7^c; Potato 
< iunnies, n@i2c. 

BARLEY — Barley is holding its own and shows 
same signs of strength both in spot sales and in fu- 
ture. On ca!l to-day, 2.200 tons No. 1 Feed chan- 
ged hands as follows; Buyers season — 500 tons, 
90#c; Seller season -100 tons, 78K c; 100 78^c: 
Buyer 1884—800 tons, 87c. Buyer i38.», after Aug- 
ust 1st — 100 tons 86#c; Seller 1884 — 100 tons, 78 \(c; 
400, 78' r; 100, 78J,c ctl. 

BFAN-<— Beans have advanced about 25c f 1 ll 
all around except small white which are worth 40c 
f' ctl more than at our last report. Trade is how- 
ever in small amount 

CORN — Corn is about the same as last week and 
trade is rather slow. 

DAIRY PRODUCE— Butter is selling quickly 
and considerable amounts are disposed of. Kates 
do not ch-nge as vet as supplies are ample. I heese 
is unchanged. 

FOGS — Fggs have advanced about 4c fcf dozen, 
indeed some sales of choice ranch are reported up 
to 30t lit dozen. Arrivals a-e quickly disposed of and 
he market is bare. 

FEKI >— The bay market is adjusting itself lb the 
new slate of affairs and $17 fc* Ion is the rate for the 
best wheat, with the following range lot all sorts: 
Alfalfa. $7<a $11; Wheat, $I2(«$I7; Oil, $u(u$i>r. 
t) .'h-v. $crfi» Jra; Mixed. >i iCa $14 b< ton. There is 
quick sale for good Slock at present. 

I RESH MEAT — Beef is «»c lower ill around. 
Spring l amb is a fraction cheaper, and I'ork hat 
dropped oil ',c 11.. There is a better supply of 
l'.. e( now .tv.ul.ilile. Mutton continues abundant. 
Hogs are coining ill h -ely, and ihe arrivals are 
. hflb bought lot fresh Pork for city trade. > 

FRI I I — There is a goml amount of the earlier 
I run now in. P.-u hes ale coming in rather hard. 
Puces are held up well this week by the demand for 
round of 1 11I v retiiling. Barries are cheaper all 
• 1 >und. owing 10 enlarged supplies. Our table 
yives to-day's prices for all fruits now in. 

HOPS — 1 omracts loi Russian River Hops, new 
' |\ tie reported at in. fc> rli, and sales from other 
localities at 25c. These cover but small amounts, as 
glowers seem disposed to see what there is in the 
•iltiation. Reports of the unfavorable condition of 
the crop abroad are still received. I astern buyers 
are said to l>e here looking for chances lor Specula- 
tion. 

1 )ATS— Oats are slow and unchanged except that 
choice milling Oats sometimes reach $1 80 ^ ctl. 

ONION'S Onions are doing better, being rated 
Irom 65c to 85c, according to quality. 

POTATOES Potatoes are considerably lower 
than a week ago. but are doing lietter than they were 
on Monday. Our list gives rates foi the few sorts 
which are now in. 

PROVISIONS- There is a moderate trade at 
unchanged prices. 

I'Ol'LTRV AND GAME Turkeys are ic per 
pound higher. Hens have advanced considerably, 
the best being $1 50 higher per dozen than a week 
ago. Rooster; and broilers are also doing better, as 
shown in our list of prices. 1 lucks have declined 
;;oc pc dozen. Rabbits and Hares are cheaper. 

VEGETABLES — Summer Squash has been re- 
ceived far in excess of requirements and some has 
'ieen throw n away. Waxbeans are also very low 
and are taken by the canners. (ireen Corn is in 
large supply and poor Corn is almost unsalable. 
Peppers, Okra and Eggplant -..re coming in small 
quantities and are high. 

WHEA I — Wheat is going at a low range. Mill- 
ers are said to be supplying themselves at $1 47'-.-. 
There is some demand for futures but at a very low 
rale. Call sales are as follows: Buyer 1884, city — 
100 tons, $1 43',. Buyer 1884, city, after August — 
100 ton--, $[ 42 i 4 . Buyer 18S4, after September 
ist • 100 tons, $r 40. Seller 1884, city 300 tons, 
|l j6'„. Seller 1884 -200 tons, $1 34 J? ctl. 

WOOL -It is reported lhat some of die large 
amounts of Wool now in i- goiiig off but at low 
rates. There is a decline of about ic £1 II on some 
kinds as shown in our table. 

Eastern Wool Markets 

New York. June 31. — Of domestic grades the 
stock is (mt, but the demand erratic and moderate. 
Sales include 7,000 pounds spring California at 21 
cents; 1,000 pounds scoured at 62 ii cents. 

Boston, July 1. — Wool steady and fair demand; 
Ol -'o and Pennsylvania extras, 33^37; Michigan 



PACIFIC COAST WEATHER FOR THE WEEK. 

[furnished for implication iu this paper by Kki.hon IIorom, Sergeant Signal Service Corps. U. S. A.} 





Portland. 


Red Bluff. 


Sacramento. 


S. Francisco. 


Los Angeles. 


Ban Diego 


DATK. 


X 
V 








9 
E 


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June 2<: July 3. 


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w 


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NW 


CI. 




.00 


72 


w 


01. 


.00 


82 


N 


CI. 


.00 


73 


NH 


OL 


.00 


65 


V. 


CI 


.00 


92 


w 


Fr. 


.00 


76 


NW 


Oy 




.00 


74 


N 


a 


.no 


87 


N 


*;i 


.00 


80 


\H 


Ol 


.00 


64 


-H 


01. 


.00 


95 


w 


OL. 


.00 


80 


N \\ 


OL 






02 


W 


<v 


.00 


90 


K 


OL 


.00 


80 


B 


OL 


.00 


69 


SW 


OL 


.00 


95 


w 


OL 


.00 


81 


NW 


CI 


Wednesday 


.01 


65 


8 


<> 


.00 


88 


N VV 


01 


.00 


TS 


SW 


OL 


.00 


63 


w 


Ot; 


.00 


88 


SW 


Ol 


.00 


75 


8 


CI 


Total* 


..17 








.00 








On 








.011 








.00 








!oo 









Kxclanatios OL for clear; Cy., cloudy; Fr , fair; Fy , foggy; iudicate* t.M» auiall lo ineaxurs. Tetnperatiire 
wind and weather at 11:58 a m (Sun Francisco mean time), with aiuoiiut of rainfall iu the preceding 24 hunts. 



30^31: combing and delaine, 330x30; pulled, 20(0 38. 

PHILADELPHIA, | uly i. — Wool quiet and un- 
changed. 

Eastern Oraln and Provision Markets. 

< iin Ai;o, July 1. — Wheat firmer, 82 : ; July, 8.5 .'» 
August. <"orn lirnier, 50', July, 52fg August. Oats 
firm 2Q,H July, 26^' August. Rye, 60. Barley dull, 
t'^i/'i.) I'ork, 10 40 July. I.ard7 isjuly. Bulk 
meats fair demand; shoulders, 7 75; short ribs, 
7 40; short clear, 7 00. 

New York Hop Trade. 

NkW Vokk, June 31. — Ihe general situation 
stands very much the same as for several days past. 
The high cost is tending to restrict business to a 
minimum, there l>eing no S|ieculative disposition in 
an> quarter, desDite the strong position of the mar- 
ket. Stocks here are light, at all events, and in 
some instances short, being only sufficient for im- 
mediate deliveries, while interior holders' visits are 
generally above the best prices obtained in this mar 
ket. At the moment 38 cents is the top price on 
other than small lots, the very finest goods. Pacific 
crop of 1883, fair to prime, 30^37 cents. 

Foreign Review. 

I I Mjc in. June 30. — The Mark l ane Expreu, in 
its review of the British grain trade for the past week, 
says- The weather continues most favorable for 
improving the strong and helping the weak crops. 
The wheat markets are generally weaker, although 
the scarcity of English wheat causes an occasional 
local advance. The sales of the English wheat last 
week were 39,305 quarters, at 37s 4d, against 41.420 
quarters at 42s 3d for the corresponding week of last 
year. Kor'-ign wheat is greatly depressed, the heavy 

ecripts causing unusually low rates in off coast 
irade A large porlion of the over due supply ha:. 
Ix-en received. I wenly-three cargoes arrived, 10 

old. 8 withdrawn, and 8 remained ; 29 cargoes aie 
now due Klour is e\ccedingly dull, Mai<e weaker, 
Barley lirnier. 

Frelubts and Charters. 

I he following is a summary ol the engaged and 
sengaged tonnage at this and adjacent ports, and 
m the way to this port yesterday morning: 

i>*4. 1SS3. 

11 _ aged tons in port i«Hjfl£fi 'JfviHO 

li sengaged IS-.H88 7l,21fi 

On die way »!M.7lfci ilH.itU 

rota's 4i7,wr. -i; ..u:. 

n crease 4l,7Mti 

Tons under engagement 10 load Wheat.. 8M0O 17.640 
In :rease 5,155 ..... 

• Includes 21*597 tons for Wilmington, ami COMl port* 
against ULjMMI tons laat vear 

There were 15 vessels under engagement al this 
port to load wheat, ten being for August loading. 
There are 84 disengaged vessels at this port and one 
at a neighboring port. The engaged and disen- 
gaged tonnage as above, has a wheat-carrying ca- 
pacity for 243,800 short tons, against a capacity for 
[44, 000 tons on the corresponding date last year, be- 
ng an increase of 101,900 tons. The bid and ask- 
ng rates for wheat cargoes were reported as follows: 

Bid. Asked. 

Iron— Liverpool direct 40s Od 

Iron— Cork for orders to United Kingdom. . 408 lid 4.'>« Od 

Iron — Cork or Continent 

Wood — Liverpool direct iTs 61 

Wood— Cork for orders to United Kingdom 40» Od 

Wood— Cork or Continent 4.N 8;1 



Fruits and Vegetables. 



FRUIT MARKF.T 

Apples, box 40 (gt I 



6U 
' 00 (ft i 
1 00 ("11 
50 OT 
50 (" 
6 00 <a 7 



Apricots, Ikjx 
Bananas, buuch 
Blackberries cht 

Cherries box 

Cherry plums. . . 
Cocoaouts, 100. . 
Crauberries, bbl.17 00 @18 
Currants, chest.. I 25 to 2 

Figs, box 1 50 t« I 

tlooseberries .... 4 OT 

do Kuglish t; i<r 

Limes, Mex I 00 tjrin 

do CaL, box.. 1 25 <a 2 
Lemons, Cal .bx 1 50 (st 2 

do Sicily, box J 00 to) S 

do Australian. — <g 
Oranges, Cal , bx 2 00 <9 2 

do Tahiti M 2n OU t«22 

do Mexican. 

do Panama. 

Fetiches hat . 
do busk „ 

Pears, box 

Pineapples, do*. 8 00 to 

Plums box SO to 1 

Kaspb. rries. rh> r, 00 ••' » 
strawberries, eh 6 00 (<* 9 
Watermelons 

Per 100 - & 

DRIED FRUIT. 
Apples, BUced, lb 9 (ft 
do evaporated. 12 (3 
do quartered .. 6 @ 

Apricots 1:1 (a 

Blackberries 15 <jt 

Citron 28 H 

Dates 9 

Figs, pressed. 

do loose 

Nectarines !*.'!• 



.20 00 #22 
V 
VU «' 1 
75 "i 1 
75 «t 1 



HOT.K8A LK. 

Wrdnehdav. Jul) 2, 1884. 

Peaches 11 at i2i 

::■ do pared li <ft 16 

75 Pears, sliced.... ; •« 
50 do whole 

no Plums 

75 do pitted 

75 Prunes 

00 Raisins, Cal. bx. 1 25 
00 do halves.... 
00 do quarters.. — 
75 do eighths... — & 
5 Zaute Currants. 8 (<0 
10 VEGETABLES. 
iki Artichokes, doz. 10 
00 Asparagus box . . 1 00 (a I JC 

■k) Beets, ctl 75 <a - 

00 Cabbage. 100 lbs. .< - 

Carrots. 8k 25 # K 

50 CautiHower, doz. 50 tft 75 

50 Celery, doz 50 1st - 

50 Oucosabwt, bos, 1 25 (ji 1 50 

— Eggplant tti 25 1.1 

25 ! do, sack 75 i« 1 00 

If. Uarlic. lb 4 to) 




7 <S 
5 « 



10 «i 20 
I OU 



I Ireen corn do/. 
• to field, sk . . 

Creeu Peas 

do sweet 

Lettuce, doz. . . 
Mushrooms, lb. 

Okra, lb 37ii 

Parsuips, ctl.... 1 00 

Peppers, lb 10 

do Chile 18 

Rhubarb box.... 1 00 
Squash. Marrow 

fat. ton 20 00 ■ 25 00 

do Hummer, bx 15(9 :<0 
romatoes.box. . 1 25 ■ 

Turnips ctl 50 ■ tiO 

String Beans .. 2-'i I 
du Wax l,<5 



Domestio Produoe. 

WHOLRSALK 

WciiNtsiiAr. .Inly 2, 1884 

BEANS AND PEAS Walnuts, t^al . lb 7 • 

Bayo, ctl 4 75 <# 5 uu do Chile.. 7K» I 

Butter 3 25 tft 3 50 Almonds, hdsbL 6 @ I 



Castor 4 00 w 

Pea 2 80 (p> 2 85 

Red 5 00 (g 

Pink 4 00 (ft 4 75 

Large White.... 3 00 <£• — 
Small White.... 2 75 to) 2 80 



Soft shell 11 If) 

BrmslL 14 «« 

Pecans 14 <2> 

PeanuU 8 (ft 

Filberts II -1 

POTATOES. 



1 15 1 
I 50 1 
1 10 < 



<f» 80 



Lima 2 M (ft* 2 65 |New, V If. 1 @ H 

F id Peas.blk eye 3 00 (ft 

do green 3 75 (jf 

BROOM CORN 

Southern 3 to) 

Northern 4 49 

CHICCORY. 

California 4 

Oerman 

DAIRY PRODUl 

BUTTKR. 
Oaf fresh roll, lb. 31 
^hrFancy br'uds 

Pickle roll 

Firkin, uew 

Eastern 

New York 

CHEEHI 

Cheese, Cal, lb. . 

RUOH. 

Cal , ranch, doz. 27 (ft 28 

do, store 24 (ft 38 

Ducks .'■ 1 hi 22 

Oregon - # 

Eastern, by ex . . 21 to 22 

Pickled here.... (g — 

Utah .. 20 4* 21 

Bran. ton.. ....14 50 @16 CO 

Coruuieal .1 

Hay 7 00 (s 17 00 

Middliugs lb UU «<2U OU 

Oil Cake Meal .20 5u vtJU 00 
Straw, bale. 45 to) U) 

FLOUR 
Extra. City Mills 5 0U @ 5 30 
do Co'ntry Mills 4 55 <ft 5 00 

Superfine 3 00 (ft 4 50 

FRESH MEAT 
Beef, lstqual , lb S"tt '.< 

Second 7i«t 8 

Third 

Muttou 

Spring Lamb. . . 
Pork, undressed 

Dressed 

Veal 

GRAIN. ETl 
Barley, feed, ctl. 80 0t 
do Brewlug. 
Chevalier ... 
do Coast . . . 
Buckwheat . . . 
Corn, White. . . 

Yellow 

Small Roiiud 

I lats, choice 

.10 No 1 

do No 2 

lo black 



4i(ft 

8ja 
ig 

8 (g 
t (ft 



Early Rose W (g 85 

Petal uma. . . . 

Tomales 

31 Humboldt . . , 
I do Kidury 
do Peach bl 
41 Jersey Blue.. 
7 [Cuffey Cove. , 
River, red . . . 

Chile 1 1 m 

zi ] do Oregou... («e 

Peerless 90 t* 1 ui 

274 Salt Lake S -. 

25 Sweet 1 

30 < POULTRY AND GAME 

Hens, doc , ■» tft 9 50 

Roosters 7 00 (ft s 50 

Broilers .< 00 to 5 00 

Ducks, tame 5 (HI to 1; 50 

do, Teal — <p 

do. Mallard . . — (ft 

Geese, pair 1 50 (k 2 25 

Wild Gray, doz 3 00 9 3 50 
White do... 1 50 ta — 

Turkeys, lb 30 ■ S3 

do Dressed.. (ft 
Turkey Feat hers, 

tail aud wlug.. 10 
Snipe, Eug .doz. 3 50 
do Comaion.. 1 00 

ijuail 1 75 

itabbits 1 25 

Hare 1 75 

Venison .... 

PROVISIONS. 
Cal Bacou. 

Heavy, tb 13 

Medium 13 

Light )4J 

Lard 12 <k 

Cal.SmokedBeet 14 St 

Shoulders :>;..i 

Hanu, Cal 14 to 

do Eastern 1 .. ■ 
SEEDS. 



:<o <fi 
(ft 

1 UJ (a 1 U5 
3 50 to. 4 UO 

uj e 1 is 

1 60 to I 65 
1 65 @ 
I 70 i 
1 50 
1 30 <« 
I 30 1" 
90 



Alfalfa . 

do Chile 

Canary 

Clover, red 

White 

Cotton 

Flaxseed 

Hemp 

Italian RyeGraas 
Pereuuial . ... 
1 80 Millet. German.. 
1 00 do Common 
1 15 Mustard, white.. 

1 35 Brown 

00 Rape 



K>e 

Wheat. No I... 1 I2)@ 1 45 K \ Blue Grass . 

do No. 2 . . 1 50 (a 1 52i 3d quality 16 IM 

I 55 Sweet V. Grass. 



Choice milliug 1 50 
HIDES 

Dry 16|l 

Wet salted 7 I 

HONEY. ETC 

Beeswax, lb 25 t 

Houey io comb. 
Extracted, light 
do dark. 

HOPS 

Oregon — <| 

California 25 W 

Wash Ter - «j 

Old Hops - € 

ONIONS 

Red - a 

Silverskln 65 <i 

NUTS Jobbing 



8 to 

6 (ft 
6 tft 



75 to) 

Orchard 30 W 25 J 



Red Top 15 10 

Uuiigariai 



an.. 

Lawn 

Mes-iUlt 

Timothy . 

TALLOW. 

Crude, lb 6M 

Rehued 8j5 

WOOL, ETC. 

HFR1NO 1884. 

South'u. deftive 13 & 

do choice 

Sac it Foothill. 

Northern 

Humb t & Mend. 
Eastern Oregon. 



30 (ft 

10 to) 

510 



18 to 

14 OT 
17 to 
30 to 

15 (a- 



Those ( omplainillfr of sire Tliroat or IharsenesH 
diould use BaOVJt'l Bronchial Tkixiikh, The effect is 
jvtraordinary. particularly when usetl b\ singers and 
ipeakers for t'learin< the voi^e. 



TfflNKOFn'NOWl 

Although much is Raid about the impor- 
tance of a blood-purifying medicine, it may be> 
possible that the subject has never seriously 
claimed your attention. TftiiU- n/if note.' 

Almost every person baa some form of scrof- 
ulous poison latent in his veins. When this 
develops in scrofulous Sores, Ulcers), or 
Eruptions, or in the form of Rheumatism, 
or Org-anle Diseases, the suffering that en- 
sues is terrible. Hence the gratitude of those 
who disoorer, as thousands yearly do, that 

Ayer's Sarsaparilla 

will thoroughly eradicate this evil from tbo 
system. 

As well expect life without air as health 
without pure blood. Cleanse the blood with 
AYca's Saks a pari li. a. 

PREPARKD BY 

Dr. J. C. Aver (& Co., Lowell, Mass, 

Sold by all I >r uggisLs ; fl.six bottles for 15. 

HOPS 

-A. SPECIALTY. 

J. T. COCHRAN & CO.. 

GENERAL 

Coiui Merchants. 

LIBERAL ADVANCES 
Made on Consignments. 

302 California Street. 

SAN PRANCISOO 

NOTICE TO FARMERS. 



(JOUE MISAPPB1CHKN8IOM KXIST1.NU tONi KHNINd 
• th« |lans and purpners ol the "Stockton Combine'! 
Harvester and AgTitu'tiiral Works - ' (a corporationj in. 
pii-cbasinj; Letters Patent on OooUaed Harvesters suit 
Thresher*., ami also Headers, 

NOTICE IS HERE GIVEN. 
That the Slot ktoii Coml 1 . 1 Han ester ami Agrieiiltiiral 
Wo.ks(a corpiiratinn) does not intend to prosecute, or 
ask larmera, or Ins farmer, Ui |wy a rovaltv to snid Cor- 
pora-ion ii 4 M any Combined Harvester and Thresher, or 
■n] Header, 01 the OSS of ani Combined Harvester and 
Thresiier, or ani Hi ai'er, purchaseil or use.1 prior to this 

The desire of the e. mi«nv is to protect it* bntitir" 
hereafter airaiiist the work ol maiinfu. tnrers who ma) 
i onfli.-t with its |atent«, ami who h»>e no imtents at all. 

Ani tnlsUntSBratandlnfi ,, r amtoyaaoe between farmers 
and the Cor, oration will commence, if at all, on the part 
of the farmer The Corporation will stall tunes recognize 
that the interest of the farmer is the interest of the 
1 'ornp 111 . 

B> L I SHIrTKK, President 
Stockton c nihlned Harvester swl AKiii-tiltiiral Works. 

Hated Stockton, June SU, ISM. 



- CoVr^^TAR^SAluTLtS OT THIS TATES OTB 

OCca«»fCally gent to parties connected with the 
invests, specially represented in its columns. 
I/raous 00 receiving copies are requested to 
examine its contents, terms of subscription, and 
give it their own patronage, mul, as iar aa 
practicable, aid in circulating the journal, and 
making its value more widely known to others - , 
and extending its influence in the cause it faith- 
fully serves. Subscription rate, §3 a ycarlin 
advance. Extra copies mailed for JO cents/ if 
ordered soon enough. Personal attention/vill 
be called lo this (as well as other aotico( of, 
time*,) by turning a leaf. 



Important additions are being continually made in 
Woodward's Gardens. The grotto walled with aquaria is 
constantly receiving accessions ol new nsh and other ma- 
rine life. The number of sea lions is increased, and there 
is a better ohanee to study their actions. The pavilion 
has new varieties of performances. The floral depart 
ment is replete, and the wild animals In good vigor. A 
lay at Woodward's Gardens is a day well spenL 



INSURE YOUR GROWING GRAIN 



CROPS 



IN THE FIREMAN'S FUND OF CALIFORNIA. 



July 5, 1884.]' 



PA6IFI6 RURAL PRESS. 



IMPORTANT HOW TO HARVEST FALLEN GRAIN ! 



625 to 631 I 
SAN FRANCISCO. \ 



BYRON JACKSON 



{ 149 to 169 

< BLUXOME ST 

/ SAN FRANCISCO. 




The " Acme" Hay Kicker and Rakes at Work. Price of Kicker* and it Rakes, $150. 



READ THESE LETTERS 



Hon. .1. <i. Jamks, Supervisor of this city, 
who has .">0,000 acres in Fresno county, says: 
"Send ine another 'Acme' Rake. The Ricker 

and Rakes are all that could be desired. We 

are using them every day, and take the hay 

direct from the swath to the stack. The man 

on the stack has scarcely anything to do, and 
can easily take care of more than two r.ikcs 
can bring." 



" Black's Station, Cal., June 15, 1884. 

"The 'Acme' Hay Ricker gave good satis- 
faction and put my hay up in good shape. 1 
am well pleased with it. P. ROTH." 

" Soleoah, June 18, 1884. 
" 1 have tried the 'Acme' Ricker and two 
Rakes, and am perfectly satisfied so far. * * " 
My foreman on the ranch did not believe they 
would work well, and was surprised at the way 
they worked. I have timed unloading the 
Ricker, and find that it takes fifteen seconds to 
put the load on the stack and the same time to 

return to the ground. Please get ready for 
shipment at once, 2 'Acme' Rickers and 11 

Rakes. m. krandknstkin & co." 



"Mer<:kj> Rivkk J.'am it, May, 1884. 
" I can say, after three days' trial of the 

'Acme' Hay Ricker and Rakes, that every 
thine works well. Could not be better ! 
Don't see how I got along without it ! Ha 

put up over 80 tons with four men and five 
horses, and not a m\n WORKED h.\ri>. The 
ground was ykky rocky and hilly ; one place 
the Ricker set so siolinc that the weight box 
would not miss the braces, and had to be guided 
down. H. K HULS.' 

FRANCIS Smith, Ksq., of Hie Borden Kami, 
says: 

"Send up another 'Acme' Rake. The 'Acme' 
Ricker and Rakes save US $8 per day." 



Mr. H. S. Saruent, well known as Secre- 
tary of the Grangers' Union of the San Joa 
quin Valley, writes me: 

"The 'Acme' Ricker and Rakes are now 

complete and running on my farm. The Ricker 
is a dai8y ! I think, with a great many well 
known farmers, that the 'Acme' solves a big 
problem for the farmers." 



Important to Wheat Growers -Best Way to Harvest Fallen Grain. 

1 call the attention of Fanners to the fact that the heavy June rains have placed almost 
insurmountable obstacles in the way of cutting the grain with headers, making it a long, costly 
and arduous job; unsatisfactory both in progress and results, and, in many cases, entirely i m 
practicable. But, with our late improved mowers, which are so perfected that they will cut an y 
kind of grain, in any condition fully able to cope with the toughest and most tangled alfa 1 fa- 
it is possible to cut the grain with greater ease and rapidity, and stick it with the " Acme " 
Hay Ricker and Rakes at a minimum of cost in labor, time, machinery and wear and 
tear of same. This method of harvesting "down" grain has been warmly endorsed by many 
leading farmers with whom I have spoken on the subject, and is worthy the attention of every 
wheat raiser who has fallen grain to harvest. The "Acme" Ricker and Rakes have 
been fully tried, and I am prepared to guarantee them in every respect. They will take thi 
grain right from the swath, as left by the mower, and place it in the stack absolutely without 
manual labor. Everything about the "Acmk" has been tried in our own lields and submitted 
to every kind of test, and are perfected, the results of all experiments and trials being embodied 
in the machines I now sell. 

RETAIL PRICE LIST FOR 1884. 

ONK KICKKK (or Loader) and two Rakes complete with tongues, scat, and two extra rake toetJ) and 

one extra pitcher tooth $ 1 ."> O O 

ONK RICKE)K (or Loader) and one Rake with tongues, seat and one ex tra rake tooth, and one extra 

pitcher tooth 125 00 

ONE RK'KER. complete without Rakes 100 00 

ONK BAKE, complete with tongues, seat, and one extra tooth and clevises complete 80 00 

tS" Nets and attachments for Ilea ier Beds, extra. 



I warrant, that the said implements arc well made of <;ood material, simple in construction, and easily operated, 
and if properly handled, will, with one rake, three men, (or one man and two boys.) and three horses, rake and 
pitch on rick or wagons, ten to fifteen acres or tons of hay per day, with five men, (or two men and threi bo; »,) ind 
five horses and two rakes, twenty to thirty tons or acres per day, in a ^'ood and workmanlike manner. 



THE "ACME" WHEELED RAKE. 

This cut represents the rake used with 
the "Acme" Hay Ricker and Loader, upon 
w hich, however, then have been many Improve- 
ments added ill minor details. They have been 
thoroughly tested, and aro a decided improve- 
ment on all others. 

Madeby 1SYR0N JACKSON, 5, F. 



Patented 
Mav 1 , 
18HD. 
Prick, 
$30.00. 



These Rakes take the hay from 
the swath or -hock to the Ricker. 
one ruke'tukes fi\-e or six 
shocks. They r.iko the 
hay clean, aud leave no 
track In-hind. They rati 
so iiiuch, driver freu/.ici t 
ly stands up to ecu i 
1 ad. li isy to drive. Th. 
sj^t is comfortable. The 
"ACMF." makes hay 
harvesting a vu 
ube ! sunt) m list . 
saving TS ' of cost 
by old method. 
8; nt on trial. 
Guarantct d. 



Comniissiop jvierchant?. 



DALTON BROS.. 

Commission Merchants 

AND DF.ALRRH IN 

CALIFORNIA AND OREGON PRODUCE, 

GREEN AND DRIED FRUITS, 

Grain, Wool, Hides, Beans, and Potatoes. 

308 and 310 DAVIS ST., 
P. 0. Box 1936. SAN FRANCISCO. 

^■CONSIGNMKNTS SOLICITED. 



DAVIS & SUTTON, 

Commission Merchants 

IN CALIFORNIA PRODU K, 

No. 75 Warren St., ... New York. 

References: Tradesmen's National Hank. N. Y.; EI- 
wanger & Barry, Rochester, N. Y. ; C W. Reed, Sacra wu to 
Cat. A. Lusk & Co . San Francisco Cal. 



Qh. Morrow. [Established 18M.] Ceo. P. Morrow. 

GEORGE MORROW 4 CO., 

HAY and GRAIN 

COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 

39 Clay Street and 28 Commercial Street 
San Francisco, Cal. 
O- SHIPPING ORDERS A SPECIALTY. ■«» 

MOORE, FERGUSON & CO 

COMMISSION MERCHANTS. 

WOOL, GRAIN, FLOUR 

ETC., ETC 
Members of the San Francisco Produce Exchange 

-310 California St., San Francisco. 
fiT Liberal advances made on consignments. 

BLUM, BALDWIN & GIRVIN, 

, 310 California St., S. F. 

GRAIN and WOOL 

SOLD ON COMMISSION. 

«"Bags and Twine for Sale. 



ComKion Merchants. 



•!ac'K3on Hart. 



.1 AMES P. HlLME. 



! & lift; 

WOOL, GRAIN, 

GEOil mm UUUJRi, 

10 DAVIS ST., SAN FRANCISCO. 



t%T Personal attention given t« all sales, and liberal 
advances made on consignments at law rales of interest 
All orders for ranch supplies filled at the lowest market 
rates. 

ESTABLISHED I860. 

P. STEINHAGEN & GO., 

(Successors to .1. W. GALE & CO.) 

Fruit and General Commission Merchants, 



i 

And Wholesale dealer* in California aud Oregon Produce. 
Also. Grain, Wool, Hides, BeaDs, Potatoes, Cheese. 
Eggs, Butter and Honey. 

j No. 402 Davis Street and 
( 120 Washington St., S. F 
Prompt returns. Advance liberally on Consignments. 



Brick Stores: 



LOUIS MBVF.R. 



PF.TKR MKTKR. 

MEYER BROS. & CO., 

Importers ami 

Wholesale Grocers 

And Dealers in 

«r TOBACCO AND CIGARS, tat 
412 FRONT 8TREET. 

Front St. Block, bet. Clay & Washington, San Francisco. 
<S"S|wcial attention given to country traders. 
P. O. Box 1940. 



International Patent Bureau, 

WM. A. HELL Manager. 

No. 507 Montgomery Street, 
San Francisco, Cal. 

PATENTS SOLD AND PLACED ON ROYALTY 

Throughout the U. S., Canada and Europe. 
Foreign Office International Patent Bureau, 

O. nnTMAR. Manager. Berlin. Gemianv 

OR Gilt Edge Cards, elegantly printed, 10 oents. VA>' 
€.9 BUSSUU • CO., 79 Nawau St, New York, N. T. 




SAN JOSE FOUNDRY, 

Sail Jose, Calif oratxio . 

MANIKACTURBS 

McCall's Road Grader and Ditcher 



NATURAL MINERAL SPRING 

"WATER 

THE CASTAEIAN is unequaled as a Blood Puri- 
fier. Wc ran furnish abundant proof as to its merits for 
Rheumatism, Catarrh, and Indigestion; also, Diseases of 
the Skin, Kidneys and Urinary Organs. For Inflamma- 
tions, Scalds, Burns, or Poison Oak it has only to be tiied 
to afford immediate relief. For Circulars containing 
Testimonials and full information, address 

FORBES & DAVENPORT, Sole Agts., 
S. W. cor. Fourth and Market Sts. , San Francisco. Cal 



Grangers' Business Association 



SHIPPING AND 

No. 38 California St 



HOUSE. 

San Francisco. 



Consignments of (iRAIN, WOOL, DAIRY PRODUCE, 
Dried Fruit, Live Stock, etc., solicited, and liberal ad- 
vances made on the same. 

Careful and prompt attention paid to orders for the 
purchasing of Grain and Wool Sacks, Wagons, Agricult- 
ural Implements, Provisions, Merchandise, and supplies 
of all kinds. 

Warehouse and Wharf: 

At "THE GRANGERS'," Contra Costa Co. 



Grain rceeh ed on storage, for shipment, for sale on 
oOQvignment. Insurance effected and liberal advances 
made at lowest rates. Fanners may rely oil their grain 
being closely and carefully weighed, and on having their 
ether interests faithfully attended to. 



TO THE LADIES, 

MRS. AHCOCK, having just returned from the 
Fast, begs to offer to the public some of the FINEST 
GOODS ever imported to this coast, at prices lower than 
ever before. fir An inspection is solicited. 
10 Kearny Street. 
Band Box, 748 Market St., S. F., 
And First and Main Sts., Portland. 




Over One Hundred Machines in use in California, and 
many in Montana and other Territories all giving per 
feet satisfaetiou. 

Pelton'i Six Fold Geared Horse Power for 
Threshing;, the very best in use, at greatly Re- 
duced Kates. Please send for Price List. 



I FFFFL'S IMPR0VED 




SPKINGFIKMJ. I).. 

Snccc«i>r* ly K. & tt-ffcl * Co 



■e^aw dinger naci>i«»oBi;^ 

■S^mI Including an $8.O0 s' 1 " f 




15 



bjcludl: 

extra attachments of 9 I 
pieces anil needles, ' 
usual outfit of 12 pieces with eaCb. 
Guaranteed perfect. War- 
ranted 5 years. Handsome, 
durable, quiet and light running. 
Iion'i pay $:» to SCO for machines no 

better. Wewll Kind our* anvnhcri-nn 
Irln I htfttrt pininc. ft leu 1 :irs .'re 

Sa ve 815 to $35 by addressing 
CO.. 17 laird Ave. . Chicago. Ilia 



ncuicv x. r*n 'C scientific pkess pateni 

LICtiC I « W. 9 AGENCY is the oldesl estab 
lished and most successful on the Pacific Coast. No. 252 
Market St. Elevator 12 Frbnt St.. S. F. 

SplimoidI Latest Style chromo cards, name, ll)o. Pre- 
mlum with 3 packs. F. H. PARDEE, New Haven, U. 



22 



.PAGIFie F^URAL pRLSb)- 



[July 5, 1884 



NOTICE 

To MANUFACTURERS. VENDERS or USERS 



" Combined Headers and Thresners/' or ol Headers 
No! Used in Combination with Threshers, 



.AS WEI.I, AS To, 



All Persons Intending to Purchase, Sell or 
Use such Machines: 

THE "STOCKTON COMBINED HARVESTER anil 
•AGRICIM.TI'RAE Works." a o.rporation better known 
as the SHIITEE HARVESTER WORKS, haying recently 
purchased the United States Letters Patent numbered 
as hereinafter mentioned, cox ering all the essential fea- 
tures now nseil in the manufacture of all "Combined 
Headers and Threshers," and man) "Headers" not used 
in combination with Threshers, doth hereby give notice 
to all persons manufacturing, selling or using such 
machines, that 

Unless a License be at First Obtained from 



Said Corporation, 



Eor the manufacture, sale or use of "Combined Headers 
and Threshers." or of "Headers" covering our | atcnts 
not used in Combination With Threshers, within the 
.State of California, 

Suits for Infringements on said Patents 
will be Commenced 

Against all persons or corporations so man ufactu ring, 
Balling or using said machines, as said infringements may 
apply to one or more of said Patents. 

The Patents as purchased and owned b} said corpora 
(Son are numbered as follows: 



I»T XJ H. S E. IFL Y AND SEEDSMAN, 

(Successor to D. TISCH) 
No. 479 Seventh St., bet. Broadway and Washington, Oakland, Cal. 



A FULL LINE OF FKI'IT. SHADK AMI ORNAMENTAL TREES ALWAYS ON HAND. SEEDS 
of all classes kept in stock. LAVING OCT OF GROUNDS a Specialty. Twent\ live j oars eqwrienoe in 

England and America. 



SEEDS 



ALBERT DICKINSON 

THALER IN 

Timothy, Clo»er, Flax, Hungarian, Millet, Red lop, 
Blso Grita, Lawn Qrua, Orchird On::. Sird Zttit, i: 
POP CORN. 

WAREHOUSES: r\lf lie w • »o 

..5. .17 & » 9 Kin.ic St. off,ce . "5 K.nzie St.. 

104. 106, 108 & 1 10 Michigan St. CHICAOO. ILL. 



GEO. F. SILVESTER, 



IMPORTER, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN 



GARDEN 



No. 1)7,955, No. 260,201, 

No. 1A7,S44, No. 96,441, 

No. 177,542, No. M.6B6, 

No. 73.34S, No. l. r ,9,oii4, 



No. I98.5SS, No. 172,162, 

No. 0rt,«96, No. OO.ftBl, 

No. 269,701, No. 238,610, 

No. lSfi,«72, No. 282,217. 



These Letters Patent fully | roteet this CotlipanJ in the 
exclusive right to manufacture, sell ami use in the State 
of California. fnuihiued Headers and Threshers, and 
many of the Headers manufactured. 

Stockton Combined Harvester 

and Agricultural Works. 

Or Stockton Cal. 
Bi L If. siiiiTEE, President. 
Stockton, June 13, 1884. 



STRAW AND WOOD BURNING 

POnTABLE 

Threshing Engine? 

FOR SALE CHEAP. 

.Manufacturer* of Nc» and dca'ors in Second band 

Boilers, Engines and Machinery 

OF EVERY VARIETY. 
Agents for the Bale of 

WILBRAHAM ROTARY PISTON PUMPS. 

BOGGS AND CLARKE 

CENTRIFUGAL UPTTlvrrPS - 

Either of which forms is eminently adapted for 
irrigating purposes. 

Proprietors of City Iron Works & Foundry. 

Jt-j* Catalogues pod prices furnished upon application to 

JOSHUA HENDY MACHINE WORKS. 

Nos. 49 and 51 Fremont St., 
SAN FRANCISCO, .... CALIFORNIA. 

EVAPORATING FRUIT. 



SEEDS 



SEEDS! 



FLOWER 
SEEDS ! 



FRUIT AND EVERGREEN TREES, PLANTS, ETC. 

New Crop Alfalfa, Grass, and Clover Seeds now Arriving in Large Quantities and 
Offered in Lots to Suit Purchasers. 

Hedge Shears, Pruning and Budding Knives, Green-House Syringes, Etc. Also 

Wilson's Bone and Shell Mills and Hale's Mole Traps. 

SEED WAREHOUSE: 317 Washington St., San Francisco, Cal. 



PACIFIC FRUIT COMPANY, 

408 and 410 Davis St., San Francisco, Cal. 

BRANCH HOUSE 1006 SECOND STREET, SACRAMENTO, CAL 



. WlHM.KgAI.K AMI t U*.« ISKUiS l>KAI.KK» IN. 



Green & Dried Fruits, Raisins, Oranges, Lemons, Nuts, Honey, Potatoes 

And All Other Varieties of Produce. 
ORDERS WILL BE CAREFULLY FILLED. CONSIGNMENTS SOLICITED. 



jTSTl.iKKK w. AluvK- Ma UK » hen desired. Having ln'st facilities for sale of Fruit ami I'roducc, »c respci-tfully 
ask \ our patronage. Agents in Sacramento, EI Dorado, Placer ami Yolo Counties for the Zimmerman fruit Drier. 

DIRECTORS: 



w. c. HLAcKWiiuli, Fruit Grower, Wayward*. 
W. W. riiZZES'S. Fruit (Jrower, San .lose. 
SYDNEY M. SMITH. President Cutting Packing Co. 
A. D. CUTLER, Supt. Cutting Packing Co. 



M. T. BKEWEK, late M. T. Brewer it Co. 
ROBERT HOWE, late Howe & Hall. 
CHAS. B JENNINGS, San Francisco. 
N. K. HASTEN, San Francisco. 



ZIMMERMAN FRUIT DRIER. 



The only Drier with Increasing Popularity. 

PORTABLE, FIRE 



15,000 NOW SOLD ! 
PROOF. 



Pivo Sizes JVT /« tic. 

Send for Seventeenth Annual Catalogue, Illustrated Tin- hest and most complete work on Evaporating Fruits, 
Preparing, Bleaching, Conserving and Marketing the same. Jc; Sub-Agents Wanted Everywhere. 

General Agent for Pacific Coast. 23 Main St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Agents for Sacramento, Yolo, El Dorado and Placer counties— Pacific Fruit Company, Sacramento, Cal. 
Agent for L— Angeles county- Olfllv le & Kanics, Los Angeles, Cal. Agent for Portland ami Eastern Wash- 
ington Territory !•'. H. Pafe, Portland, Or. 




A mericau 



THE AMERICAN MANUFACTURING COMPANY, 
Wayneshoro, Pa, takes pleasure in announcing to 
Fruit Grower! on the Padno Coast that they are pre- 
pared to furnish promptly at San Francisco, Los Angeles, 
or Poitbml, <ir,_,n, Till-: A M KKW'A \ FKI'IT 
F.VA POKATOK. We im ite special attention to cost 
of machine, ease and economy of operation, and qualitv 
of product. TREATISE on Improved Methods, Yields, 
Profits, Prices, and General Statistics kkeb. Address: 

FRANK BROTHERS, 
319 and 321 Market Street, San Francisco. 
H. C. BRISTOL, Traveling Agent 



Spraying Fruit Trees and Vines. 

TIIHJ EXCELSIOR PUMP, 

No 1 , on bare Copper Lined Brass Seats and Valves, is the Most Powerful Pump, 
made Expressly for that purpose. 

H0LBR00K, MERRILL & STETSON, Agents, 

Cor. Market and Beale Sta., San Francisco. 



FRIEND & TERRY 

Lumber Company. 

MAIN YAK1) AND OFFICE: 

No. 1310 Second Street, near M. 

BRANCH YARD: 

Corner Twelfth and J Streets, 
SACRAMENTO, CAL. 



Catalogues and Handsome Cards free to all. Machines Delivered, 
Freight Paid to any Railroad Station or Steamer Landing. 

Old Machines taken in Exchang e, "HOU SEHOLDS" repaired free lor 5 years, 
SAMUEL "HILL ESTATE, 

( tuocettot to MA UK SB KL DOTH.) 
y, 11 and 13 FIRST ST., - SAN FRANCISCO 

UenSUu Agent for the Popular Favorite of the Kastcrn States, 

THE LIGHT RUNNING 



HOUSEHOLD 




City Salesrooms, 634 Market street, opposite Palace Hotel. 



Telephone 320. 



MATHUSHEK 



j -'There are featureH in this Piano, among which an: clearness, of tone 
- and keeping in tune, that plaee it in this respect without a rival. We speak 
PIANP HFCL. CO., New. liaven, Ct. ( from experience, having used one for 15 years."— Fraternal Hecord, 



1Mb paper Is printed with InK Manurnt- 
tuied by Cflarles Eneu Johnson & Co., 5c O 
South 10th St., Philadelphia. BraDch Offi- 
ces— 47 Rose St., Ne w York, and 40 La Salle 
St., Chicago. Agent for the Paciac Ooaet— 
Joseph H. Dorety. 62U Commercial St. S, F. 




UPRIGHT AND GRAND PIANOS; G F4 ^ ^ F MaYket IJ Strel?'s A F ^ . ,t, \ ""fSr'rouatry V^™ 

Solid for Catalogue. 



'Will roinAln 1) 



1114* flvfl tltllRH 



• n&r«*r than any oth«r. 



DEWEY & CO. 



252 MARKET ST., S. F. 
Elevator 12 Front St 



PATENT AG'TS. 



HOWE SCALES 



QONKT 



U. S. STANDARD. 

RAILROAD, 
WAGON, 
COAL, 
URAIN, 
MINERS', 
DORMANT, 
PORTABLE, 

and 
GROCERS' 
Scales 
Also, Fl'LL LINK OF 




A-VTLV ON HAND. 



Store, Mill and Warehouse Trucks. 

DAVID N. HAWI.EY, Agent. 

117 ami 119 Market Street, ■ . HAN FRANCISCO. 



FOR SALE ! 

one SECoisrr>-iiA.isrr) 

BxlO 

STRAW-BURNING ENGINE, 

. ... IN ... . 

Good Running Order. 

E. L. RANSOME, 
402 Montgomery St.. - San Francisco 

CENTENNIAL WINDMILLS. 



| FIRST PREJH MM 

Santa ilara County A'gri'-iikti. 
ral Society's Fair in H,":i. 1 wi, 
lsHl.aml Inland at the State 
Fair in Htti .1. BLACK 

| WKI.I., owner and iiianu. 

| facturer in the fallowing coun- 
ties: Sarraincnto, Placer, 
Merced, Fresno, Solano, So- 
noma. Tulare, EI Dorado, Co 
lusa, Muttc, Tuolumne, Sutter. 

I Yuha, Tehama, Shasta, Mendn- 
cino, Han Francisco, Marin, 
Lassen, Trinity, Mono, hi\t», 
Alpine, Modoc, Del Norte, 
Mari|»,sa, and Plumas. 

J. BLACKWEI.L, 
P. O. Box 7.*, San Jose, Cel. 



INDIANAPOLIS 

CHAIR MANUFACTURING CO. 



. , V £\ "V o a <r GT TT 

Thi~ "Id ami reliable Snu is ii,,w loaittd at their 
. CUT' New Building, 

Nil III he I "l.'iO IVf issimi .St l'4)'l, Sim ll aiKlse,,. 

This iinincuse stnuture is ,",o\ICO feet, four stories .mil 
liascnient. The first ami second stories are used as sale 
nxniis for a ne« and select class of goods of latest designs 
and patterns. Parties, wishing to furnish n house will sav , 
from lfi to i'i |>er cent h> purchasing tlicir goods here. 



OTIie lit v Kits' (iciDE is is- 
buciI llurckand Sept., each 
ywir: I>a^cs, 8ixll \ 
"in, Iks, over 3,;3GO 
illustrations— a whole pic- 
ture gallery. Gives wlinle- 
lale [irices direct to CWM M Wfcrt on :ill gQOUB 
for jiersonal or f:miily use. Tel I.- how- 
to onlcr, and gives exact cost of every- 
thing yon Use, cat, drink, wear, or liavo 
fun with. These mfalnable books con J 
tain information gleaned from the m:it» 
kets of the world. We will mail a copy 
Free to any address upon receipt of the 
postage — 7 cents. Let us hear from vou. 
Kespactfullv, 

MONTGOMERY WARD * C0« 

SBT 4f aa» Wol.ii.li Avenue, »'hlei IIL 



PILES ! PILES ! A SPECIALTY ! 

T W. K. HAKTI.KY. >1 . !>., (!;14 SI TTEK 
tf • St.. Sau I- raneisco. Hemorrhoids (J'ik-s) and 
diseases of the rectum stieoewfiilly treated w ithont klufc 
or ligature, etc. By pennisnion refer to the following 

patients: J. 0. .lephson, 7«!> Market St.; J. VV. Rilev, 
2.VJ Market St.; Kdward Martin, 408 Front Hi, and niaiii 
others. From Capt. t'has. E Shillalwr, Cordelia, Solan'o 
county, Cal.: 

Dr. J. VV. F. 1 1 w i ' Sen Francisco — liear Sir: I «c 
my name in print or am other way. Will chccrfiilh re- 
ply by letter to any sufferer iniiniring of me. Your treat- 
ment of my case was remarkahle. While under your care 
I did not suffer as much pain altogether as I did in oue 
hour with the tlstula. Yours very gratefully— Cmaklks 

E. SlIII.LAKKK. 




FIELD'S m 

Orchard Force Pump. 

THR CHEAPEST AND 

BEST Pump In the World I 

£JTKspecially adapted for spraying 
Fruit Trees. Will throw a steady 
stream 00 ft. Send for Catalogue. 
BAKER & HAMILTON, San Frau- 
oieoo, Cal. 



July 5, 1884.] 



fAeiFie RURAL PRESS. 



CALIFORNIA STATE FAIR, 



'9 

A.t Sacramento, 

SEPTEMBER 8th TO THE 20th. 
Two Wooks. 

The attention of the Panning community of this State 
is particularly called to the liberal awards offered for 

COUNTY EXHIBITS. 

The intense interest manifested by the exhibition of 
the various cereal productions made by Sonoma Count,! , 
through the Sonoma County Pomona Orange, both m 
California and the Eastern States, where the exhibit was 
forwarded, has encouraged the tlnard to offer for the 
Mont Extensive! Perfect anil Varied Exhibit 
of I a i- in Product* (exclusive "t live stock) ex- 
hibited as a County Production, the sum of 
$600, divided into Pour Cash I'remiuttigi 

Por the be it display *.')00 00 

►Or the the second best displa) 160 00 

For the third best display 100 00 

For the fourth best display 50 00 

Competition to be between counties only. Not more 
than one premium can beawarded to any onecoiinty. Tf 
agreeable to Exhibitors, the Premium lots 
will be forwarded, at th« . lose of the Fatf) 
lo the World's Fair al New Orleans. 

The S.ate Board of Agrieii'turu earnestly desires the 
hearty eo operation of the various Subordinate Oranges 
throughout the State in making this exhibition of Califor- 
nia's products a success, whereby we may fully show at the 
World's Fair the great productive qualities of our State. 
We would ask the appointment of a committee from the 
(■range in each county to call upon and urge the Patrons 
to make a display representing their respective counties. 

The State Exposition liuililing, containing 124,000 square 
feet of Moor space, covering an area of ground 400 feet 
square, will be occupied for the first time. Ample apace, 
well lighted and airy; never has there been such an op- 
portunity offered to make a Stale display, 

jtSTSeiid for Premium Lists, 

P. A. PINNIGAN, President. 

Edwin F. Smith, Secretary. 



ESTABLISHED 1875. 



200 ACRES. 



KENNEDY'S 



HORTON 

FAMOUS 

ENTERPRISE 

Self-Regulating 

WINDMILL 

Is recognized as 
i n k Bust. 



Always gives-satisfaction, simple, 
STRONG and DURABLE in all parts. 
Solid Wrougbt-irim Crank Shaft with 
DOtTOLft hkakinos for the Crank to 
work in, all turned and run in adjust- 
able babbitted boxes. 

Positively Sell-Regulating, 

With mi coil springs, or springs of any kind. No little 
rnds, joints, lev ers, or anything of the kind to get, out of 
order, as such things do Mills in use B to 12 j ears in 
good order mm , that have never cost one rent for repairs. 
All genuine Enterprise Mills for the Pacific ('oast trade 
come only through this agency, and none, whether of 
the old or latest pattern, are genuine except those bear- 
ing the "Enterprise Co. " stamp, hook out for this, as 
inferior mills arc being offered with testimonials applied 
to them which were giv en for ours. Prices to an, it the 
times. Full particulars free. Best Pumps, Feed Mills, 
etc., kept in stock. Address, 

HORTON &. KENNEDY, 

GENERAL OFFICE AND SUPPLIES (as always before), 

LIVERMORE, ALAMEDA CO., CAL. 
San Franclaco Agency JAMES LINPORTH 
'23 Main St., near Market, S. F. 




GRANGERS' BANK 

OF CALIFORNIA, 

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 

Authorized Capital, - - $1,000,000 

In lO.OOO Shares of $100 each. 

Capital Paid up in Gold Coin, $645,360. 

Reserved Fund and Paid up Stork, 821,178. 
OFFICERS: 

A. D. LOGAN President 

I. <!. STEELE Vice-President 

ALBERT MONTPELL1ER Cashier r., id Manager 

FRANK McMULLEN Secretary 

DIRECTORS: 

A. D. LOGAN, President Colusa County 

H J. LEWELLING, Napa County 

J. H. GARDINER Rio Vista, Cal 

T. E. TYNAN Stanislaus County 

URIAH WOOD Santa Clara County 

J. C. MERYFIELI>. Solano County 

H. M. LARUE Yolo County 

I. C. STEELE San Mateo County 

THOMAS McCONNELL Sacramento County 

C. J. CRESSEY Merced County 

SENECA EWER Napa County 

CURRENT ACCOUNTS are opened and conducted in the 

usual way, bank books balanced up, and statements of 

accounts rendered every month. 
LOANS ON WHEAT and country produce a specialty. 
COLLECTIONS throughout the Country are made 

promptly and proceeds remitted as directed. 
GOLD and SILVER deposits received. 
CERTIFICATES of DEPOSIT issued payable on demand 
BILLS OF EXCHANGE of the Atlantic States bought 

ami sold, ALBERT MONTPELLIER, 

Cashier and Manager. 

San Francisco, Jan. 15, 1882. 





J. LUSK & SON, - Proprietors. 
W. P. HAMMON, Business Manager. 




1,000 000 NON-IRRIGATED FRUIT TREES 

FOR THE SEASON OF 1884-85. 

Embracing all the Leading Varieties of Apple, Pear, Peach, Plum, Prune, Apricots, Nectarines and Cherries 
Also the Largest and Most Complete Assortment of 

KTETW JS^JSIJD RARE FRUITS 

On the Pacific Coast, including many California productions of great promise. 

KELSEY'S JAPAN PLUM, 

THE NOVELTY OF THE SEASON. 




WUVftMILLS. NORSK POWERS. TANK*. AND 

* » all kinds of Pumping Machinery built to order. 
61 BealeSt., I fl W VT)(\nT3 fin 1 Patentees & 
San Fran'co. | f , W , JlllUllfl & I'll. I Sole Prop'r. 



Rkmittancks to this office should be made by postal order 
or registered letter, when practicable. Cost of postal 
order, for $15 or less, 10 cts. ; for registered letter, in addi- 
tion to regular postage (at 3 cts. per half ounce), 10 cts. 



LATEST IMPROVEi 

NASH & CUTTS 

GRAIN CLEANER. 



THE LARGEST AND MOST VALUABLE OF ALL PLUMS. 

The Greatest Plum for Shipping Long Distances, 

Remaining Solid Longer than any other, 
Ripens in September. The Earliest in Bearing. 

The Largest Fruit. The Smallest Pit. 

The Finest Quality- The Best Shipper. 

The Most Attractive. A Regular Bearer. 
ONE OF THE MOST PRODUCTIVE. 

A valuable acquisition to our list of Eastern Shipping Fruits, possessing all the merits of our beet Plums, with 
added firmness and brightness of color: hence, with iis immense size, it is the most profitable for market, and the 
most desirable for general use of all Plums. 

Headquarters for the 

BERKELEY GOO SEBERRY. 

LARGE STOCK OF 

SHADE and ORNAMENTAL TREES, 

EVERGREENS, SHRUBS, ROSES, 

Clematis and Flowering Plants, Small Fruits, Grapevines, Etc. 

Our Trees are grown on New Ground without Irrigation, and are 
FREE FROM ALL INSECTS and DISEASE. 

Before Purchasing elsewhere, people intending to plant Trees will find it to their 
interest to come and see our Stock and learn our Prices. 

NURSERIES AND RESIDENCE— NORTH TEMESCAL. 

The University and Telegraph Avenue Street Gars Stop at the Nurseries. 
*-??• CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED. Address 

LUSKL cfc SON, 

472 Ninth St., Oakland, Cal, 




Manufactured only by 

H. D. NASH & CO., 

906 K Street, 

SACRAMENTO, _■ ■ CALIFORNIA. 

We Warrant our New Cleaner for 1884 

To DISCOUNT any Cleaner now made. 

OUR NEW CHEAT SCREEN 

For {sSi is made of ZINC; will not clog or fill up with 
wheat, but always remain open. 



. We stui use our, 



COMBINATION WHEAT GANG, 

Made of ZINC and ROLLED WIRE. Best thing ever 
used for separating Oats, Baklby, cheat, etc., 
from kith kk Wheat or Rarley. 

ONLY PREMIUM lor CLPMER at State Fair, 1883. 

Our Cleaner Cleans all Kinds of Grain or 
Seed . 

Three sizes mi hand. Capacity, (in t" 12ft bushels per 
hour. Prices, $30, $40 and $50. 

Address H. D. NASH & CO., 

OOfcl K Street, .... Sacramento, 
Only Manufacturers. 



THE FARM 

MACHINE OIL! 

Farmers, Proprietors of Threshing Ma- 
chines, Headers, Etc. 

What is the use of paying from SI. 2ft to 81.40 per gallon 
for Castor Oil when you can buj the famous "FARM 
MACHINE" OIL, e\ery way equal, for 25 per cent. less. 

tgg Write the Continental Oil and Transportation Co., 
San Francisco, Cal. , for sample and try it. 

LTJI3B.ICE. 

The most serviceable and excellent compound made. 
Adrtress for Oil and Lubricating Compound THE CON 
TINENTAL OIL AND TRANSPORTATION CO., at San 
Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, Los Angeles, Stockton, Sac- 
ramento, Cal., Den mi-, I'm bio, Gunnison, Col, Ogden or 
Salt Lake City , 1 tab, Portland, Oregon, or 

CHARLES J. WOODBURY, 



General Mam 



« r Lub. Dept. C. O. & T. Co , 
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL 



THE ECONOMY HAY PRESS 




Everybody in need of a Hay Press should not fail to 
look after and buy the ECONOMY'. Hundreds of them 
are in use in California It is the only Hay Press giving 
entire satisfaction in the Pacific States. 

£jrFor full information, address, 

GEO. ERTEL & CO., Manufrs, 

QUINCY, ILLS. 
Or Baker & Hamilton, San Francisco 

and Sacramento, Cal. 




!fe RUPTURE 

I Absolutely cured ,'i "■' '■' '■" 

.'day., In- Dr. ficrri - i'« t 

Magnetic Elastic Truss. 
irrantedtheonlyZlectr.'eTruss 
i the world. Kiitir'clv different from 
Perfect Retainer, and m worn 
ease and comfortnigbtanddn.v (.iin-d 
renowned l)r J. Simins of New York, 
^and hundreds of ..thers. New Illustrated | uiii- 

^ iililet fi-oe.ei,ntiiiiiiiiefullinli>rniatiiin. 

MAGNETIC ELASTIC TRUSS COMPANY. 

704 Sacramento St. Sac Frandsoo. Car 

FOR SALE. 

G1 OLD MEDAL SEP AHA TO K. i" first-class 
T order, improved cleaning capacity. Enright I Sn- 
ginc, in splendid order; Jackson Low Derrick and Snlc 
Elevator ; Loekhart Self-Feeder, and Nash 6i Outt s 
Cleaner, together w ith first class Cook-house, Water 
Tank, Derrick Forks, Feed Wagon, etc., or all the para- 
phernalia pertaining to a first-class thrashing rig. A 
rare bargain. Apply to the owner, 

A. C VANDERVORT, 

Suuol (lieu, Alameda Co. 



24 



f A6IFI6 f^URAL PRESS. 



[July 5, 1884 



PRICE'S JUNIOR MONARCH HAY PRESS! 

For Making Common Bales, Like those Made by the PRICE or PETALUMA PRESS. 



THE 



HARD WORK 



OF 



TRAMPING 
Avoided. 




A REVOLUTION IN HAY PRESSES! 



T.n-t season (1883) I built a new Hat Press calleil the MONAR4 H, intended lot making those small bale* lor 
shipment in box cars. Its success was immediate and unmistakable, and the demand lor it was so great that nearly 
forty men were kept making them for several weeks. A season's use has enabled me to correct such slight defects 

aB have sh.iwn tin uiM-h. I. in addition to that, I hate mad. an ini.ir.o. no nt in the horse-power that dispenses 

with a driver and makes the Press one third fa-t-r and lots the follower •!••» n automatically without shock. 

The principle of the Press w'as si. snpt iii.r t an. thing I ever saw that I decided to make a lighter Press this 
season, about the size of mi Pi taluma Pre»s, for common w ork. I hat e done s •. and have named it the JUNIOR 
MONARCH. I am confident that it will at once replace .ill ordinal Presses used for making common sized 
bales, for the following impnrtant reasons: 

First It avoids the necessity of a man working in th< Press t>. tramp m the hay. It is well known that it i«J 
becoming inon difficult each i ear to get men to work with the old stj le of Presses, because of the extremely hard 
and disagreeahlc work of tramping. 

Second It w ill save one man ;.nd still do as much work a- the fastest Press of any othrr kind 

Third— It has unlimited power, and sufficient strength to make the bales as heavy as a rope will stand; and if 
"ire is used, it will take less i>cr ton; heme a savinu in this direction. 



dimhing "r tramping, ajid the men w..rk 
r the Imj, o! the Press 
each charge, so 



Fourth It is such a OOin lettable Press t<- work with {there hi i"» i 
ing on hard, firm ground) that the men will keep (resh and active all dn\ 

Fifth— As the top door does not have to he lifted, a f a» nlng mxy be il ret 'died 

to protect the men from the sun. 

Sixth— The feed throat is so large (four feet square) that i earl* a half hale can he put i 
that three charges will always make a hale. It takes less tban ball a minute 10 press a ohargv, 

OlFEIFLATIOItf. 

The ha t is throw n in the feed throat and the inclined door cloaed. The horse then goes out around. shoving 
the charge up into 'he top of the Press, where it remains, being held by the retainer* The follower falls instantly, 

When the third or last charge is pressod, the follower 



and the feed door opens itself ready for another charge 
remains up, and the bale is tied and discharged. 

The Press is moved by tipping it across a wagon in the uaual way, first loadin 
made as to serve as bed pie.-es, on which the Press is ca»ricd. 



Ml the horse- power, which is so 



THE PRICE IS S500. Tho HPx*©s» rxx«,y toe ordered from. 

TRUMAN, ISHAM & CO., 511 Market St., S. P., or 



Inventor and Manufacturer of Baling Presses, Seed Sowers. Village Carts. Gang Plow*, etc.. 



San Leandro, Cal. 



HAWLEY BROS. HARDWARE CO., 

AGENTS FOR THE = 

DEDERICK "PERPETUAL" PRESS, 

The Cheapest of which are Guaranteed Better than the Best of other Presses. 



CELEBRATED SCHUTTLER WAGONS. 



THE BEST WAGONS 



"W ORLD. 



Made expressly lor the West 
ern t'oast of America. War 
ranted to withstand dry cli 
mates and wear longer thai 
any other Wagon inanu 
factored. 




STRONG. DURABLE. 



LIGHT DRAFT. 



Made of the Best material by 
experienced workmen, in the 
most approved manner of con- 
struction. 



These W agons ip I. ,o well known on the l"aciiu < oast and in every part of the world to require extended praise 
in an advertisement. Diet were the hint Wagons to find their waj across the plains ami mountain ranges to the 
"Hidden Stat, and Northwest, and arc better known on account of their excellent qualities than any other vehicle 

made. 

THEY ARE THE PIONEER WAGONS of the Pacific Coast, and cs. ccially adapted foi the hard 

usage to which wagons arc subjected here. ■ 





KvXi m& 



PERKINS' WIND-MILL. 

EVERY MILL WARRANTED! 

Tlu 1 ine Perkins Wind-Mill lias earned a reputation for 

i' tccllence that will be maintained. It is unquestionably the most 
perfect and beautiful Wind-Mill in the market. 

These Mills are reliable and always give satisfaction. Simple, 
striuio, antl durabla in all parts. Solid wrought iron crank shaft 
with double bearings for the crank to work in, all turned and run in 
adjustable babbited boxes. These Mills are perfectly noiseless, easy 
and graceful in all their movements. Positively Self-l.egulating, 
with no coil spring or springs of any kind, no little rods, joints, 
let ere, or balls to get . .ut of order, as such things do. Mills in use 
six to twelve years in -ood order now, that have never cost one 
cent for repairs. 



Puts 10 to 12 
TOIXTS 




GRAIN CAR. 



Forms the Bale 

INTO SECTIONS 

Without Bruising 

THE HAY. 



We are Sole Agents for the Pacific Const for the DEDERICK "PERPETUAL" HAY PRESSES. Wc keep In 
stock the I ltd. ■ i it U Belt "Perpetual" Press; capacity, 20 to 25 tons per day; puts 10 to 12 tons in a car: 
price, mounted on trucks, $800. The Dederlek Over-C'lrele Mounted "Perpetual" (same as etit) 
Press; warranted to put 10 tons in a car; price, mounted on trucks, $600. The Dederlek Top Feed Re- 
versible I. ever "Perpetual" Press; puts 10 to 12 tons in a ear; price, mounted on trucks, $450. 

*ar SEND FOR SPECIAL CATALOGUE. * 



(ADJUSTABLE) 




PATENT STEEL WIIIE B^VXjIJVTO TIES. 

Win wa->tc time making Tics in the field when you can buy them ready-made almost as cheap as the wire in the 
coil We have on hand a large quantity of Steel Bale Tics read for immediate delivcrv, which wc w ill sell at the 
prices in the following table (CHEAPER THAN ROPE, BETTER THAN WIRE): 

So. 14 Wire, 9 feet lone. $.">.l»0 per bundle of 250 Ties. 

No. 14 Wire, V feet, •> inches long, 6.70 per bundle of ; ,n Ties. 

For Dederick Presses, 17x22 bale, use tie 81 feet long; So. 14 lor heavy work. For Dcdcrick Presses, 14x18. bait . 
use No. 14 w ire, 85 feet long. I'or the California Chief and Economy Prtaees, use No. 14 Wire, !> feet long. For tl s 
Price or Pctaluma Press, use No. 14, 9 feet long. For all other upright Presses, use Xo. IS wire, ol such length as 
may be required by the size of the hale. 



Sole Agents for the ABBOTT BUGGY CO.'S BUGGIES and SPRING WAGONS, 

" SCHUTTLER " FARM AND HEADER WAGONS, RACINE SPRING WAGONS AND BUGGIES. 

Also Agents for the CELEBRATED " HOWE! " SCALES. 

Send for Catalogue. 

HAWLEY BROTHERS HARDWARE COMPANY, San Francisco, Cal. 



\ 




Vol. XXVIII— No. 2.] 



SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY, JULY 12, 1884. 



i $3.00 a Vear, In Advance 

( Silicic copies, 10 cents. 



The Harvest. 

The harvest is now in active progress in the 
great interior valleys, and the weather has 
risen to usual harvest pitch. Fair success is 
bring attained with harvesting, although much 
of the grain was knocked off its feet by the lite 
rains. There has been so much progress of 
late in harvesting machinery, that it docs not 
matter SO much whether the grain is in shape 
or not. The lifting devices arc having a good 
year to test their quality. There has been a 
considerable reduction from the amount of 
grain which was promised before the rains, but 
the aggregate product of the .Slate promises to 
eclipse the records. 

The price opens low, and must be discourag- 
ing to growers who are forced to realize im- 
mediately upon their crops. According to the 
Stockton Independent, two carloads of new 
wheat came into that city on Saturday from 
Farmington. They were samples of 1 ,000 sacks, 
and it was with some curiosity that the result 
of placing them on the market was watched. 
Smith & Wright looked at the wheat and bid 
$1 .35 at a venture. The wheat was as pretty 
as could be — very white, very plump and 
reasonably clean. The dealers right along bid 
$1 .M5, and no one exceeding the original offer, 
of course the wheat went to the ^arty first 
offering the selling price. Gilmer & Martin, of 
Oakdale, sent in a sample of a lot of fifty tons 
of new wheat. It was a fair article, but not 
choice, because smutty. Tt ran the gauntlet of 
all the dealers and mills without elicitiug 
anything which could be called an offer, The 
prospects are that there will be a good deal of 
smutty wheat this year. 

It is to be expected that there will be consid- 
erable smut this year, for the season has been 
favorable for fungoid growths, but fortunately 
rust has cut but a very small figure. The aver- 
age quality of this year's wheat must, however, 
be high. Much that promised indifferently has 
been cut to supply the shortage in hay. The 
late rains have given abundant moisture for 
tilling out the heads of the late sown, and the 
absence of parching uituls has given the grain 
a chance to round out well. California will 
have a good lot of first-class wheat this year, 
and expects a fair price for it. 

Pacific Coast Niter. The nitrates are of 
great prospective value to our agriculture. 
Although wc have not yet had recourse to 
fertilizers to any great extent, the time is com- 
ing when they will be appreciated. It is of 
interest, then, to read that the niter deposits of 
Nevada are near by and that the material is 
easily secured. A company has been formed to 
work the niter beds near Humboldt lake. The 
President thereof recently told a reporter of 
the Reno Gazette that the niter deposits of 
South America are generally found in a crust 
of concrete called r.ali*fie, covering the surface 
of the more elevated spots of rolling plains, 
while in Nevada the niter is deposited in 
trachite and limestone, forming cliffs and hills, 
often tinted by oxide of iron. The niter beds 
of Nevada are far better situated for the devel- 
opment of the niter deposits than in the niter 
region of South America, which is a desert 
entirely devoid of water and all vegetable life. 
The development of its niter beds can therefore 
only be accomplished by surmounting difficul- 
ties. Provisions of all kinds must be furnished 
from distant countries. The water supply for 



all purposes must be condensed from ocean 
water and carried to the niter fields at great 
expense, while fuel has to be procured from the 
mountains in the south of Chile at great cost, 
while in Nevada the niter beds are in the vicin- 
ity of a rich farming country, with wood and 



July. 

Loud is the summer's busy song, 
The smallest breeze can find a tongue. 
While insects' of eac h tiny size 
Crow teasing with their melodies— 



A MIDSUMMER SCENE. 



water right at hand. The owners believe, there- 
fore, on an average they will be able to produce 
niter, landed in San Francisco, at a much less 
cost than it is possible to produce it in South 
America. 

Flock Six Years Old. -The New York 
Product Exchange Reporter has seen a sample 
of flour from the old May Flour Mill, Fast 
Saginaw, Mich., which is six years old and per- 
fectly sweet. In testing it a very small quan- 
tity of gluten and a large proportion of starch 
was found. After putting it under a tempera- 
ture of 115' a remarkable absence of nitrogen 
was noticed, which probably accounts for its 
continuing sweet so long. It was probably 
ground from well matured white wheat, and 
the atmospheric conditions at the time of grind- 
ing were no doubt favorable. It was well 
milled and an excellent pastry Sour, 



Till noon burns with its blistering breath 
Around, ar.d all is sL.il! as death. 

Even the feathered tri' e are dumb; 
The very flies forget to hum; 
And, save the wagon rocking round, 
The Landscape sleeps without a sound. 
The breeze is stopped, the lazy bough 
I lath not a kaf that danceth now; 

Noon swoons beneath the heat it made. 
And flowers e'en within the shade, 
Until the sun slopes in the west. 
Like weary traveler, glad to rest 
On pillowed clouds of many hues; 
Then Nature's voice it's joy renews. 

And checkered field and grassy plain 
Hum with their summer songs again, 
A requiem to the day's decline, 
Whose setting sunbeams cooly shine 
As welcome today's feeble powers, 
As falling dewy lo thirsty (lowers. 




A Cotton Picking Machine. 

The invention of a machine which will suc- 
cessfully gather cotton is a subject which can 
well employ inventive minds, for the field, for 
such a contrivance is large. There have been a 
large number of attempts made to bring forward 
a device which will do good work U'uler the pe- 
culiar conditions; but unless the latest candi- 
date for favor which we shall desciibe below is 
the foitunate one, there has been none found 
wholly satisfactory. Planters have had to rely 
still on hand picking, and we imagine that re- 
cent reduction of the labor force of the South 
may somewhat interfere with the supply of 
pickers. In California, the largest cotton 
grower, whose plantation is in Keni county, 
has already imported quite a band of black , 

The machine to which our attention is now 
drawn, was invented by Mr. Mason, of Sumpter, 
S. C. Upon a single axle, four feet long, 
and wheels three and a half feet in diameter, 
rests a light framework of white oak, hickory 
and poplar, four and a half feet long and five 
feet high. To this a horse is attached at the 
front right-hand corner, and he walks ahead of 
one wheel in a furrow, or "alley." The other 
wheel runs in the next "alley," and a row of 
cotton plants passes under and through the mid 
die of the irachine as it advances. Near each 
of the front corners of the harvester is a perpen- 
dicular shaft, which is made to revolve by chain 
bands and ge-.ring connected with one of the 
side wheels. F.ach shaft bristles with sixty or 
seventy ''picking stems," slender, pointed, 
tubular, horizontal, radiating rods — as if eight 
or nine rimless win els, each with eight spokes, 
were strung one above another on the shaft. 
And thesj rods project so far, that those on one 
shaft overlap those on the other. As the horse 
jogs along through the cotton field, therefore, 
these fingers are thrust in among the twigs and 
bolls of the plants, as the latter pass backward 
>etweon the revolving uprights. The iuterlac- 
ng rods, by the rotation of the shafts, move 
lack ward at the same rate, so that they do not 
>reak or seriously disturb the plants. These 
lollow "picking stems,!* an inch and a half in 
diameter, ami made of smooth polished brass, 
are pierced with numberless oblong holes, 
through which barely protrude sharp hooked 
teeth, so delicately adjusted that a hand or non 
fibrous substance may ba passed over the sur- 
face of the rod without catching. Hut when 
they come in contact with the fibrous contents 
of an open boll, they lake hold, and with a 
twisting motion, tear them out of the pod. As 
the shafts revolve, the horizontal rods carry 
their silken freight backward and around to the 
outside of the machine. The teeth are then re- 
versed and drop their burden into boxes, whence 
an elevator takes it to a bag at the top and rear 
of the machine. These bags contain about 
seventy five pounds, and when tilled are de- 
tached by the driver and thrown off. 

Flvivc. Richard A. Proctor, the scientific 
lecturer, has expressed the belief that if the 
full power of the arms and legs can be so ap- 
plied to ingeniously arranged mechanism as to 
work wings more or less resembling those of a 
bird, there is little reason of doubting man's 
power of sustaining himself in the air, and even 
traveling with great rapidity through it. Prob- 
ably, he adds, it will be much easier for him to 
sustain himself while traveling rapidly onward 
than while hovering over the same spot. 



PA6IFI© I^URALJ>RESS. [Juiv 12, l884 



^ORJieULTUF^E. 

Meeting of the State Horticultural 

Society. 

The June meeting of the State Horticultural 
Society was held at Granger's Hall, June - J7th, 
N ice President A. T. Hatch in the chair. The 
first suhject taken up was the report of the 
committee on the proposed exhibit of Califor 
uia fruit at tlie New Orleans Fair. W. H. Jes 
sup of the committee reported a conference 
with A. Andrews, and stated tli.it they had 
been promised co operation in every available 
waj tn secure a good representation of the 
fcl iti it that Imposition, but it could not yi t 
be stated what financial arrangements could be 
made to aid the fruit-growers to make a fitting 
display. \V. II. Aiken of the committee also 
made a report. He thought there should be 
some arrangements made to secure financial 
aid, for the burden of expense should not bo 
placed upon the growers alone. 

Dr. Chapin stated that the Horticultural and 
\ iticultural Societies of Santa Clara county 
were working in union to prepare a county ex- 
hibit for the State Fair, and with the idea that 
the material be aft"rwards forwarded to the 
New Orleans Fair. He thought the Committee 
of the State Horticultural Society should con- 
fer with all local societies and secure their 
co-operation. 

I 'pon motion the committee was continued 
tn make a further report at the next meeting. 

( id. A. Andrews, Commissioner to the New 
Orleans Imposition, addressed the society by in- 
v i tat ion. He stated that I 'alifornia could make 
the best display of any State in the Union. 
There arc a large number of rich individuals 
and linns who will make exhibits at their own 
expense , but there are other men and societies 
w ho must have help to enable them to exhibit. 
Than are many things which must be done and 
there must be funds at command. Mr. Andrews 
said lie was willing to give his best efforts and 
defray all his own expenses, but his efforts must 
be seconded by an appropriation from the State 
or by funds from private subscriptions. Ten 
thousand dollars at least are needed and he de- 
clared that the money should be forthcoming 
from some source. California has never been 
represented at a world's fair yet, and this should 
on longer be said of her. 

Mr. Aiken stated that something should be 
done at once to secure a good horticultural ex- 
hibit from this State, and that the committee 
should have a lull report at the next meeting. 
Dr. Chapin thought it would not be possible to 
show our choicest perishable fruits as late as 
December with any system of cold storage. As 
for the proposition of the railroael company to 
carry goods down for full freight charges and 
to return them free, it amounts to nothing, for 
none of the fruit would be returned. 

Mr. . I esstip thought it would be only just if 
the growers furnished the fruit properly packed; 
there should be some funds from other sources 
to pay the freight, or that the railroad should 
carry the perishable fruit free. The railroails 
woulel be benefiteel more than any other parties. 
He thought if this matter were properly ure- 
scnted to the company, it would be likely to 
make this concession which seeing necessary to 
secure an exhibit of perishable fruit. 

Mr. Richard AVheeler said that he had inter- 
viewed fruit growers in different parts of the 
State, and there was a disposition to take part 
in the exposition. He also thought the country 
merchants would contribute more than the city 
merchants to raise funds. He thought them 
more enterprising. 

Mr. dames Shinn thought that it augured 
well for the project that so energetic a man as 
Col. Andrews had taken charge. The fruit 
growers will not be backward in doing their 
part. Probably we can show only apples and 
pears in a fresh state, but all kinds of fruit can 
lie ruined and dried; and exhibits of this kind 
should be prepared, and an opportunity to show 
these goods should not be lost. It would bene- 
tit the State in every way. 

Dr. < hapin moved that a popular .subscription 
lie started, and that each fruit grower be in- 
vited to send one elollar to advance the exhibi- 
tion of California products. The motion was 
carried, and H. .1. YVickson (Secretary of the 
State Horticultural Society, 414 Clay street, 
S. F.| was authorized to receive the contribu- 
tions. Contributions were handed in by six of 
those present to start the "Fruit G rowers' 
Fund." 

Fruit Canning and Drying, 
iiichard Wheeler, oh invitation, addressed 
the Society on the subject of fruit preserving, 
lie described the progress which is being made 
by orchard canning, the advantages of glass 
goods, and announced that arrangements had 
been made by which large quantities were to be 
placed on the Fastern markets this year. I luring 
his recent trip among the Fastern cities and in 
his converse with the wholesale grocers, he 
ascertained that ('alifornia orchard canned fruit 
could easily excel anything produced at the 
Fast. He showed that the extra cost of pack- 
ing in glass instead of tin was balanced by the 
advantage of seeing the fruit and thus knowing 
exactly what is purchased, while in buying 
tinned fruit the buyer is in the dark. Mr. 
■Wheeler stated that all that he claimed in his 
essay before the Society a year ago was being 



realized. He advised fruit growers in begin- 
ning orchard canning to commence moderately, 
and increase after they find how the mariet 
takes their goods, etc. 

Mr. F. ( '. De'Lnng, said he thought it nec 
essary to place our fruit in such shape as can 
be sold most cheaply that the consumption 
may increase and keep pace with our growth 
in' fruit production. There should be a standard 
of what style of fruit the canners want and 
what they will pay for certain grades. They 
should have a price for apricots, for example, 
which will go S to the pound, another price for 
those which go 10 to 14 to the pound and then 
fix a limit below which they do not care to re- 
receive the fruit. He gave an account of the 
progress of the Petaluma cannery in which ho 
and others were interested. It had given 
satisfaction to those who started the enterprise. 
There is room he said for a great number of 
.similar canneries to be started by fruit growers 
in different parts of the State. 

Mr. Jessup said he did not think that the 
great bulk of the fruit would be canned in glass. 
Hut there is room for a great i|iiantity of the 
glass goods. They will self themselves, for 
people can sec just what they are. They will 
make a market for themselves. Mr. Jes9iip en- 
dorsed Mr. Wheeler's views and sail that tinned 
goods would be bought in preference to those 
put up in glass jars only, by boarding house 
keepers and other people who were looking for 
a cheap article. He referred to the fact that 
retail grocers and others adulterate their goods 
a great deal, and said that almond shells had 
been sold to some, who UBed them t« make an 
article which they sold for cinnamon. Hark 
plums were also made up and sold as currant 
jelly. He thought that goods in glass jars 
would be liked better, because the purchaser 
could tell at a glance if the fruit was good or 
not, while fruits in tius might be partly or 
wholly bad, but could not be detected unless 
they fermented and swelled the tin. 

■ fudge Blackwood spoke in favor of drying 
fruit, showing how much money the consumer 
had to pay for the little fruit in cans, whereas, 
in dried fruit, he has no can to pay for, and but 
little freight money, and gets tar more value 
fur his expenditure. 

Mr. D. 0. Vestal, of San .lose, said that can- 
ners seemed indifferent about fruit this year: 
they are not so eager for it as formerly. 

Mr. Do Long said the trouble is that the Fast 
is overstocked, and canners have no orders: 
consequently, they will not pack unless they get 
fruit at a low price. 

There was .1 running discussion on drying 
fruity in which several participated. Mr. .les- 
sup gave the results of his experiment in cherry 
drying, which was described in last week's 
Rural. 

The subj. ct c'lusrn for the -Inly meeting is the 
"Gathering of Fruit Statistics." 



Taxation of Fruit Trees and Vines. 

Some time ago we gave an outline of the ar- 
gument of S. F. Leib, an attorney and fruit 
grower of San Jose, before the Superior Court 
of Santa Clara county, against the taxation of 
fruit trees and vines, claiming that these 
growths should be exempt under the classifica- 
tion of "growing crops,'' which are specifically 
exempteel by the constitution. The decision 
of the Santa Clara court was against the fruit 
growers side of the question, and the matter 
was appealed to the Supreme Court, and by it 
appointed to be heard in bmic. Mr. Leib has 
sent us a copy of his reply as appellant to the 
brief of the District Attorney, in which he re- 
fers to his argument before the Superior Court 
of Santa Clara, and adds the following forcible 
points: 

Fir*t: That crops may be taxed after they 
are matured, and that therefore they may be 
taxed before maturity as well, as they have a 
value before such maturity. This proposition 
would be unanswerable if the constitution did 
not forbid the taxation of the crop until after 
its maturity. The trouble with the proposition 
is that the constitution contains that exact pro- 
hibition. And it is because of that prohibition 
that we object to the taxing of the fruit crop 
until it is matured, notwithstanding it, like 
other crops, has a value before maturity. 

Second; That all you have to do is to plant a 
fruit tree and then sit down and watch it bear 
crops the rest of your life without annual replant- 
ing or annual labor. Whether this is true or not 
of other countries, it is not true of this. My 
cultivator runs in my orchard from January 1st 
to Dec ."{1st. To raise fruit crops in California 
you must give at least four times the annual 
time and the annual cultivation that need be 
given for grain crops. This constitution which 
we are construing was made in California and 
for California, and must be construed with ref- 
erence to this climate and the condition of 
tilings, as here existing. 

Third ; That | but this is only intimated or 
assumed I a fruit tree has other value than its 
prospective crops. 

I would give a penny if he had given us au 
intimation of what other value he thinks it 
has. If there is any question that the pros- 
pective crops of a fruit tree are the sole value 
of that tree, give us a chance to prove it. The 
court ought to take judicial notice that it is so. 
The petition which the demurer confesses to be 
true, expressly alleges that such is the fact. 
Interpretation of the Constitution. 

In conclusion we earnestly protest against 
any judicial limitation of the fair meaning of 
the constitution. Some of us were in favor of 



side, by rive feet on the other, will accommo- 
date twenty to twenty- five fowls. 

Now what fowls are to be kept for profit'.' If 
that instrument from the start, others were 
most bitterly opposed to it. But whether for 
it or against it, all must admit that it is now 
the law of the land. Anil being the law of the 
land, it equally rests upon all of us to treat it 
as such: to seek to arrive at its true intent, 
striving to that end with a willing heart and in 
a liberal spirit. 

In arriving at that result, we must never forget 
that of necessity, a constitution can not go into 
details: that it is an enunciation of great prin- 
ciples, that its framere and those who enact it 
need not and do not call to mind every detail 
to which those principles may be applicable; 
that it is possible and even probable that none 
of those who framed or enacted this Constitu- 
tion ever thought of each and all the endless 
variety of crops that exist; yet it is evident 
that they need not have tried, and probably 
did not try to do so. It was enough for them 
to intend that the constitutional phrase should 
have its full and legitimate effect whenever its 
protection should be invoked. Viewed in this 
light and with this spirit, we say with this 
Court in People vs. Chapman, lil Cal. "Jo", 
"We think it manifest that the will of the leg- 
islature as expressed in the statutes of 1S80, is 
in conflict with the will of the people as ex- 
pressed in the constitution." 

It might not be inappropriate to state the 
result of the decision of this < 'ourt with 
reference to the time it may )>e rendered. 
To do that, it may be necessary to state the 
history of this question. Notwithstand- 
ing the statutes of lo80, no assessment 
of fruit trees and vines, so far as 1 
can learn, was ever attempted until this year. 
< ertainly not under the names of trees and 
vines. This year there was a concerted move 
in that direction by the different assessors, in- 
stigated, as they claim, by the suggestion of 
the State Board of Penalization. Immediately 
there was a protest among the fruit growers 
"from Siskiyou to San Diego, from the Sierras 
to the sea," as will bo seen by the files of the 
Btkvi. Pkkss and other agricultural papers. 
How many of the assessors assessed trees and 
vines, notwithstanding this indignant protest, 1 
do not know , but I am informed that not all of 
them have done so. If a decision is against us, 
therefore it should be before the first Monday 
in July, so that the delinquent assessors may 
complete their books in that regard. 

If it should he for us, it should be, if possible, 
before the fourth Monday of July, or at any 
rate before the third Monday in August, so that 
the erroneous amounts may not lie transmitted 
to the State Board of Kquali/ation by those 
counties which have made such unconstitutional 
assessments. Possibly these matters deserve 
but little consideration, in view of the fact of 
the importance of the question, anil that what 
is to be settled is not for this year, but for all 
years to come. And we respectfully submit 
that it should be settled that fe>r all years to 
come, crop growers should stand on the same 
footing as to taxation, whatever may be the 
crops they ''row. 

As an end to so much that has been said in 
this matter, 1 would like to ask two simple 
questions of the honest e^andid minds of your 
Honors. 

Firxt. — Does not the c institution forbid the 
taxation of each and every crop previous to 
its maturity t 

Second. — If so, are not the fruit crops taxed 
previous to their maturity under this proposed 
taxation ! 



J?OUbTl\Y "Y*AFv\l3. 

Poultry on Grain Farms. 

Editors Pkess: As I am but an amateur iu 
the poultry business, and do not feel proud of 
my efforts in writing for the press, either in re- 
gard to quality, quantity or frequency, I shall 
not try to deal with tine points in this article, 
but rather to catch the eye of some of the farm, 
ere who have grain farms, or large farms, from 
which could be spared a corner for profit in 
poultry. 

To say that on grain farms a large poultry 
yard could be run to both profit and pleasure 
would be but stating the truth mildly. More 
than half of the feed of the flock would be that 
which would otherwise go to waste; one half of 
the balance could be furnished by the grain pro- 
ducer cheaper than by any one else: the re- 
mainder he could buy as cheap for cash as any 
one ehe. So much for cost of food, in which 
the grain farmer has the advantage over all 
others. 

With this ability to furnish food cheaply 
must be the ability to furnish warm, dry and 
comfortable quarters for fowls, free from cur- 
rents of air, roosts built low and on a level— not 
ladder fashion; plenty of shade and pure water. 
The more range the fowls can have the better, 
for two reasons for the health of the fowls 
and the fullness of the egg basket. 

As to houses or coops, a person must adapt 
them to their circumstances, the number of 
fowls to be kept, also whether broilers, full 
grown birds, or eggs arc to be marketed, etc., 
but always remember the fact that it does not 
pay to crowd. Don't put over fifty fowls into 



one house; better with but thirty. A house 
eight feet by sixteen feet, seven feet high on one 
a clean Btart is to be made, by all means get 
full bloods, as they pay the best in the end. If 
you have a taste for any one breed, by all means 
get that kind, for with those you would most 
likely Bucceed the best. 

For a farmer's fowl, the light Bramah is con- 
sidered by many to be the one to keep. Let ine 
state a few facts about them: 1st. They are 
good winter layers, when eggs arc in demand, 
and bring the best prices. '2d. They rear their 
own families, and that at a time when eggs arc 
cheap, or worth the least at any time in the 
year. M. As little chicks they are hardy and 
easy to rear. 4th. When full grown they can 
nearly take the place of turkeys for the table. 

There are good and poor layers with this 
breed, as with all other breeds: a little care 
should be taken to get the good if possible. I have 
a hen of this breed, that is two years old this 
month, and has wanted to set but once. Her 
wishes were granted, and a nice family brought 
up, since then she has layed over 100 eggs, eggs 
that will weigh Ml to 32 oz. to the doz about 
equal to friend Pitkin's leghorn eggs. 

Have an eye to the flock at all times, looking 
for the beat fowls to breed from another year, 
for there is as much difference in a flock of fowls 
in regard to laying qualities, as there is in a herd 
of cows in regard to milk. 

I would also say in regard to Light Bramahs, 
and in fact all large, heavy fowls, do not over 
feed if you wish a full egg basket, or your eggs 
to hatch well, as a fat hen will not lay a large 
number of fertile eggs. 

In the poultry business, I believe the doctors 
all believe in the old proverb "cleanliness is 
next to Oodliness; ' at least it is one of the stents 
to be often taken, if success is to |>creh on the 
chicken roost and lay the golden egg. 

Now if I have made it plain to some farmer, to 
try the business and thereby be successful in 
making an extra *I00..">0 or more, 1 shall feel 
well repaid. F. U. CLAP? 

.SWA Pcuademt, Gal. 



jSjHEEja AND XSJCoOL. 



Sheepherding on the Pacific Coast. 

A herder of twenty-four years' experienee 
among sheep on this coast, from the Mexican 
boundary to the British Hue, writes lor the 
( 'krtmide an outline of his observations, which 
w ill interest many readers, especially those new 
to the business and those who are used only to 
Fae-tern methods. We quote as follows: 

for a life of labor in the service of others, 
sheepherdin:; is the most independent in the 
world. Fverything pertaining to the imme 
diafce welfare of the lloek is left to the discre- 
tion of the herder. This is necessarily the 
case, as the "range" is usually remote from the 
home of the owner, who visits the camp as sel 
dom as is consistent with a proper supply of 
provisions and an eye to the ultimate profits. 
The successful herder, therefore, takes an in- 
terest in the property intrusted to his care. 
He must possess considerable judgment and 
staying qualities, and, in crowded ranges, suffi- 
cient combativeness to enable him to "stand 
off" his neighbors and get his sha r e of the 
grass. The dwelling of the shcepherder is 
usually a little board cabin about six by nine, 
without a floor, built on a spot selected with 
an eye to the natural shelter for the "laying 
ground" of the sheep and proximity to water. 
Somcti.nes a cor r al built of portable panels is 
added, but often the sheep are never incloseel 
at all. In the latter case the herder is obliged 
to sleep with one eye open in order to jump up 
and head the band hack if they attempt to leave 
during the night. If he is not too sound a 
sleeper they cannot leave without awakening 
him by their unusual bleating, if they arc ewes 
and lambs, or by the jingling of their bells if 
they are diy ewes or wethers. 

The Cunning Coyote. 

Throughout the year the coyote is the herd- 
er's wily enemy. He is constantly on the war- 
path, lives almost exclusively on mutton and 
takes no pains to conceal the fact. If the sheep 
wander away from camp at night, the coyote is 
apt to find it out before the herder does, and at 
once proceeds to feast upon the fattest and al- 
ways the finest of the nock. If very hungry, 
he will kill one and devour nearly the whole 
of it, summons his confederates, sail into the 
band and slaughter just for fun until the mur- 
dering devils becon e tired and the sheep are 
scattered in frightened squads all over the range. 
The coyotes will then appear to leave that par- 
ticular l ocality, as if aware that a more vigilant 
watch will be kept, and will turn their atten- 
tion to some neighboring band until the previous 
night's raid shall be i.i some measure forgotten. 
Coyotes are constantly being killed off, cither 
by being shot or poisoned with strychnine. 
The latter mode is more effective, but is at- 
tended with serious danger to the shepherd 
dogs, which in spite of the utmost piecautiou 
often hunt up the poison and eat it. I never 
knew a shepherd dog to die a natural death. 
They always end their days by eating strychnine 
meant for "the racally coyotes, which often get 
too smart to be caught by poison. 

I once knew of a female coyote haunting the 
same range for thirteen years. She reared a 
litter of whelps every spring during that time. 
Her progeny were got rid of in one way and 
another before they became very old, but she 



July 12, 1884] 



pAGIFie RURAL fRESS. 



27 



was proof against strychnine, and too wily to be 
shot or trapped. I had often tried my best to 
get rid of the old robber, but failed. One 
morning I was climbing a hill, with my back to 
the rising sun and a double barrel shotgun 
loaded with buckshot on my shoulder, when I 
suddenly espied my antagonist sitting on her 
haunches not twenty steps away. The sun was 
dazzling her eyes, and she was intent upon the 
Hock below, so she did not see me. I cautious- 
ly brought my gun to bear, took deliberate aim 
and pulled both triggers. Both caps snapped, 
the noise startled her and she bounded off'. The 
gun never served me that way before or after, 
and I often thought that there must be some- 
thing supernatural about the old coyote. She 
was still on the war path when I left that part 
of the country, although the neighborhood had 
been thickly settled with farmers and the sheep 
busimss had become a thing of the past. 
A Solitary Life. 

The principal objection to herding sheep is 
the utter solitude connected with it. I used to 
hear an old seaman bewail how he had spent 
the best part of his life in the center of a blue 
circle; nothing but the sky above, the water 
beneath, while all around him spread the 
smooth, level, unrelieved line of the distant 
horizon. He complained that he had buried 
himself on the ocean instead of enjoying exis- 
tence among his fellows, amidst the variety and 
excitement of life upon the solid land. If he 
had spent his days upon the plains, herding 
sheep, he would always have been in the center 
of a wide lonely circle the mute sky above, 
the silent earth beneath and the blue mountains 
beyond. If he considered ship-life solitude, 
where he works in the midst of his mates, bear- 
ing their voices and mingling in their society, 
how would he have felt on a sheep range, with 
oidy a dog for company — always looking wist- 
fully toward the dim far away mountains, his 
mind ever reaching over their flights to the 
happy homes of civilization'.' 

On the Range 

It is early morning. I have fed myself and 
dog and we both proceed to drive the sheep up 
the gulch a mile or two, to where the grass has 
been allowed to rest and freshen. The flock 
feel a little lazy about starting out, but we 
must get a "square deal" at the grass and meet 
our neighbor at least half way on the range and 
stop him. He may be in that direction and he 
may not. If he is not we will scatter to our 
hearts content until towards noon, when the 
herd will have rilled themselves somewhat and 
naturally seek each other and close ranks. 
After going two or three hundred yards the 
sheep take the hint as to where we want them 
to go and we cease driving and give them their 
own time. I look up occasionally; the baud is 
feeding nicely, though walking gradually far- 
ther and farther away. The leaders are three- 
quarters of a mile up the gulch, while the "tail 
end" is not more than a hundred yards away. 

The Flock Alarmed. 
But halloo! the lead bell is ringing furiously; 
the foremost of the sheep have turned and are 
running toward me with all their might. Shep, 
the dog, springs to his feet and so do I, The 
"tail end" have taken up the panic, and rush- 
ing away from me toward the lead, I see one 
sheep all by itself scampering to one side. 
Two coyotes have cut it out and are trying to 
head it out into the ravine. I shout with all 
my might. The coyotes stop in the chase. 
Shep is half way to them on the keen jump. 
I shout again. The cowardly pests see the 
dog approach, and, turning squarely away, beat 
a hasty retreat up the gulch. The lone sheep 
has rejoined the band which has huddled on 
the hillside in fright. I have narrowly escaped 
the loss of a sheep and Shep is away out of 
sight in hot pursuit of the cause of all the com- 
motion. I now approach the frightened band 
and they gradually regain confidence as they 
sec me coming. Those same coyotes will not 
trouble us again to-day and the sheep resume 
their feeding and are again spreading up the 
ravine, but we may jump up other coyotes and 
so it is better to suspend reading and keep 
close to my charge until we have got as far out 
on the range as we intend to go. Shep has re 
turned, panting after his chase, and he and I 
proceed to describe a wide circuit about the 
band and get ahead without disturbing them in 
their course. 

A Rival Herder. 

' It is necessary to be on the lookout for my 
neighbor's band, so as to avoid mixing. It is 
true the neighbors and 1 have agreed upon lines, 
but the range belongs to Uncle Sam and if there 
is no other band in the way and grass is good be- 
yond, we are seldom particular about imaginary 
boundaries. But my neighbor is also in this 
direction to day . He is standing yonder on the 
ridge and his flock is evidently coming on be- 
hind him. We both approach each other, out- 
wardly in friendship, but each secretly bent on 
not giving an inch to the other and each en- 
deavoring to impress the other with the idea 
that he don't care much whether we mix or not. 
This, in poker parlance, would be termed "run- 
ning a bluff." The dogs have already met, but 
not as friends. They arc jealous and each takes 
care that the other shall not approach the wrong 
master. A dog light would now be in order, 
but we quell the impending combat by ordering 
them to behave, while we seat ourselves on the 
ground and exchange papers as the bands feed 
toward each other. A green herder will be 
anxious to turn his leaders back, butthat would 
be equivalent to "laying down hia hand" and 



the other would never take any pains to keep 
from mixing with him again. But on this occa- 
sion both are old players at this game. 

A Bad Mix. 

The leaders of each band are now not more 
than a hundred yards apart; they raise their 
heads and bleat toward each other, and shortly 
one, bolder than the rest, makes a break for the 
neighbor's band, followed by a number of his 
companions. They must be stopped. Both of 
us make a dash in betweeu, but one of the dogs 
is poorly trained and runs around on the wrong 
side, thus precipitating the mix, which we are 
now so anxious to avoid. The game is up! Both 
bands, to the number of four or five thousand, 
are now in one! If each band is well acquainted 
with the range, and we keep cool and patient, 
the flocks will soon separate themselves and 
turn toward their respective camps, but herders 
seldom act with coolness, and word will have 
to be sent as soon as possible to headquarters 
for help to separate the sheep, which are 
branded differently upon their wool with tar or 
black paint. 

How Sheep Are Separated. 

Separating sheep when they are plainly 
branded, and when proper corrals are fixed for 
it, is not such a very hard task. A chute per- 
mitting one to pass at a time is put up, and at 
the end a "dodge gate" is worked, something 
on the principle followed in railroad and ferry 
depots in large American cities. Each sheep 
passes into a pen on the right or on the left ac- 
cording to whether the "dodge gate" is opened 
or shut. The natural and overpowering in- 
stinct which impels one sheep to follow another 
is taken advantage of; one is caught and turned 
into the chute; it goes through and the rest 
follow one by one, until they have all tiled past 
the person working the gate, and are two sepa- 
rate and complete flocks once more. When 
a mix occurs in the mountains where the sheep 
usually spend the summer the "dodge gate" 
cannot always be constructed, and the work of 
separating bands is laborious and unsatisfactory. 
A few pine trees are felled in such a manner as 
to form a corral. Into this inclosure the 
sheep are driven, and those belonging to one 
party are dropped outside until all that can be 
found in that particular brand are running 
around free. This method of dividing takes a 
long time and is injurious to the sheep as they 
are handled and huddled and jammed and shut 
off from the grass, when they ought'to be quietly 
teeding on the mountain side and laying up a 
supply of tallow to draw on during the rigors 
of winter. 

Romance and Rea lity. 

The freedom from social restraint and the 
rest from the noise and turmoil of the busy 
world are considered by many herders to more 
than compensate for the hardships of their ro- 
mantic life. Living absolutely alone, the herd- 
er, of course, always prepares his own food, 
which is usually of the simplest and coarsest 
kind. Flour, bacon, beans and mutton form 
the basis of the bill of fare, which may be long 
or short, according to the liberality of the em- 
ployer. Wages on this coast vary much ac- 
cording to latitude, being as low as $20 per 
month in Southern California and as high as 
$40 and $50 in Eastern Oregon, Idaho and 
Montana. Of course groceries are included, 
and herders have also the privilege of doing 
their own washing or letting it alone. 



JI[HE "V^INEYAr^E). 



The Tariff on Raisins. 

Editors Press : — The viticulturists at 
Fresno recommended that a duty of five cents 
per pound should be placed upon raisins for the 
better protection and encouragement of this in- 
dustry. They base their claim for this rate 
upon the necessity for some offset to the ex- 
cessive rates of freight imposed upon their pro- 
ducts and the cheap labor of the raisin districts 
of Europe, but have overlooked the great differ- 
ence in the productiveness of California vine- 
yards, as compared with those on the shores of 
the Mediterranean, which, to a large extent, 
equalizes this difference in cost of freight and 
labor here. 

To illustrate : At the irrigation convention 
recently held at'Riverside, in a friendly tilt be- 
tween two prominent raisin makers, viz., Dr. 
Congar, of Pasadena, and Mr. Cutter, of River- 
side, as to the relative productiveness of irri- 
gated and non-irrigated vineyards, it was shown 
that Mr. Cutter, using, as he says, water liber- 
ally, netted from the best acre of his four year- 
old vineyard, $304. His raisins sold at $1 I'.i 
per box of 20 pounds, delivered at the railroad 
station, and costing him 75 cents per box to 
make and deliver, including labor of cultiva- 
tion and water for irrigation. 

Dr. Congar stated that without irrigation 
he produced from his best acre of vineyard of 
the same age $102 net, selling his at $2 per 
box of 20 pounds, and estimating cost of pro- 
ducingat 85 cents per box. Reducing these crops 
to pounds and discarding fractions, the best 
acre of each' yielded as follows, viz. : Mr. 
Cutter's, 0,200 pounds of raisins; Mr. Congar's, 
1,700 pounds of raisins. The best acre of the 
Malaga non-irrigated vineyard produces only 
some 600 pounds of raisins. 

Thus it will be seen that Pasadena non- 
irrigated vineyards produce nearly three times 



and Riverside irrigated vineyards nearly ten 
times as much as the Malaga vineyard referred to. 
A tariff of , r > cents per lb. would nearly double the 
income of these gentlemen at this rate of pro- 
duction. 

The raisin makers must not overlook another 
very important fact, that their market is to be 
found among the farmers, and mechanics of the 
great northwest, and the central and lower por- 
tions of the Mississippi valley, where the 
average annual income is far below the average 
of the California fruit grower, and much more 
uncertain; for instance, the production of wheat 
in many of the western states is from 12 to 15 
bushels per acre at a cost of 75 to 90 cents per 
bushel, and sales range from $1 to $1.25 per 
bushel, therefore the net income of a 100 acre 
wheat farm or the entire labor of the average 
mechanic aforesaid for one year, amounts to 
but little more than the net income of one acre 
of the best raisin vineyards of California. 

Now then can we either honestly, or justly 
ask our friends there to tax themselves, to so 
great an extent for our benefit? I recognize the 
the fact that the report of results from Messrs. 
Congar and Cutter, and much more than the 
average yield of our vineyards, but it must not 
be forgotten, that their vineyards are only 4 
years old, and consequently have not reached 
the maximum of production. Seven-year old vine- 
yards, irrigated have at Riveiside produced l.'U 
tons of merchantable grap s per acre. It must also 
be remembered, that these gentlemen are as yet 
inexperienced in the best methods of cultivation, 
irrigating, curing, sorting, and packing, and it 
is fair to presume that they will in time be able 
to reduce the cost per box, and materially im- 
prove the quality of the product. 

As to the sultanas, a statement of the net. in- 
come from one of these vineyards, would be 
still more unfavorable to any increase in tariff 
rates. From a careful review of the situation 
I think the most we can expect is a restoration 
of the old rate. More than this will meet with 
decided opposition from the whole country. 

Riverside, Cat. H. J. BudisIll. 



Securing Adequate Labor Supply. 

Editors Press: At a stated meeting of the 
Santa Clara Viticultural Society held on Satur- 
day, June 28, 1884, President J. I!. Portal in 
the chair, John P. Bubb, Isaac Branham, 
Arthur E. Cibson, Thos. E. (iibson, C. II. 
Briggs, R. C. Stillar, J. L. Beard and W. C. 
Ueiger were admitted to membership. 

The labor question was taken up and fully 
discussed, and an able article on this subject 
was read by Mr. L. D. Combe, as follows: 

It can not be denied that the question of :i 
future supply of labor for this county is ac- 
quiring greater proportions every day, in view 
of the fact that the fruit crops are causing the 
amount of labor to increase a t a greater ratio 
than the supply of hands. Taking in consid- 
eration the amount of orchards and vineyards 
lately planted, we may be certain that two 
short years will bring us to the moment when 
twice as many hands will be required to gather 
the crops. The danger which threatens us can 
not be overestimated. The future difficulty 
will not hinge upon a difference in wages so 
much as upon a sufficient quantity of laborers 
at the proper time. The present ratio of in- 
crease will not more than suffice for the needs 
created by many of these newcomers them- 
selves. It is therefore poor policy to procras 
tinate; such action should be taken at once as 
will insure to us a steady influx of population 
to supply this future demand. There are some 
difficulties in the way of such a desirable re- 
sult, but as is often the case, they diminish in 
magnitude in proportion to the spirit of activ- 
ity that is displayed to overcome them. What 
looks like an impregnable fortress at a distance, 
jften becomes an easy conquest when the de- 
fenses are known and a strategy is adopted ac- 
cording to the circumstances. Statistics in- 
form us that thousands are leaving the shores 
of Europe continually, seeking new homes in 
the Western Hemisphere, and how many more 
would follow their example if they were prop- 
erly informed of our numerous resources! As 
a dealer in wares would do, we should proceed 
to advertise and see that these advertisements 
reach those populations that we may consider 
as desirable acquisitions. 

Our Greatest Advantage 

Lies in our being able to use a great array of 
inducements, to those whose minds are dis- 
posed to a change of home, while adhering to 
the strictest truth. If we understand properly 
the wants of this community, we shall want 
not only men, but women, boys and girls. Con- 
sequently growing families should be induced 
to settle among us, and as agriculture will need 
the greatest number, we should attempt to ob- 
tain an agricultural class. This would not 
prevent all those who may be conversant with 
trade and factory work from coming also, and 
thus all the avenues of business would receive 
their proportionate accession. Since the immi- 
grant is perfectly free to chose here whatever 
occupation he may judge more to his interest, 
all ciasscs of the community will be benefited 
alike ; and should therefore join hands in the 
work, and no citizen of this county should be 
deprived of the right to contribute toward its 
prosperity. No dilliculty can really exist in 
providing these families with homes, so long as 
land can be had in small fractions and on favor- 
able conditions ; a few acres of unfilled land 



would give each family a life interest in tin 
prosperity of this county, and would give them 
an occupation for such short time as they might 
be compelled to remain home. It would form a 
nursery where we could obtain young men and 
women to educate to our wants. The wonder- 
ful display of national prosperity witnessed in 
France immediately after the severe trial of the 
Franco- Prussian war, was mainly due to the 
fact that three-fourths of her lands are held in 
small holdings, tilled to their utmost capacity, 
and thus creating and supporting a thrifty popu- 
lation. Why should not the same plan become a 
factor in the future prosperity of this county? 
With the means in our possession it becomes 
more than possible of accomplishment. If a pam- 
phlet was prepared and published in several lan- 
guages, containing statements concerning the 
different localities in this county, their lands, 
their productions, the price of land, of labor, of 
food, etc., within the bounds of the strictest 
truth, it would be easy to find readers through 
information from the residents of this country 
of foreign birth, and their indorsement of these 
would probably have more success than all 
other ways combined. We should lay the 
greatest stress upon the manner of their recep- 
tion here. A sufficient population could be se- 
cured without any direct expenditure for their 
benefit, but they should find here people read} 
to receive them and give them freely all the 
information they seek, in order that they may 
fully profit by the change they make. All this 
requires much work and some expenditure, but 
as the whole country is to reap the benefit to 
be expected, a permanent organization should 
be effected, with full power to act in the prem- 
ises; it should embrace citizens olf all classes 
and callings, in order to command the respect 
and support of the whole community. It 
should have a center of operation, whence in- 
formation should be sent, and where immi- 
grants would find a true welcome. No better 
time can be found than the present for the 
starting of this movement. We cannot plead 
for a leisure day while our plants are growing 
with such proverbial velocity; besides, we could 
not expect intended immigrants to move with 
such celerity as might become desirable, and 
much time is lost in the traveling of mails and 
passengers. Whatever is worth doing at all 
should be done thoroughly, and Santa Clara 
should not be behind any other county in the 
State in such profitable work. 

From the Immigration Association. 

The following letter was read from the Im- 
migration Association of California: 

San Francisco, June 20, 1884. 
To the Secretary of the Santa Clara County Horti- 
cultural Society, San Jose, Cal. — Dear Sin : We 
have seen a notice in the PACIFIC RuR Kh Pkkss to 
the effect th.it your society has appointed a committee 
to examine into the labor question, as to the demand 
for skillful vineyard laborers, and where and at what 
cost to obtain them. As the question of labor for all 
branches of farming lias had an attention for some 
time past, we should be pleased to learn of the con- 
clusions of your committee, and to assist you in any 
way we can consistently, through our connections 
abroad or elsewhere. I-ast year we secured vintners 
and other laborers for Fresno from France and Ger- 
many, the employers engaging them for the full year. 
We have also daily applicants for work at our office. 
You doubtless recognize the fact that the great diffi- 
culty is a surplus of labor out of season and a 
scarcity in season. The solution of the problem, 
how men who find employment for only four months 
in summer shall exist the remaining eight months, is 
a serious matter. We shall be glad to hear from 
you upon this subject, and to be of some service to 
you. Yours respectfully, 

C. H. Street, Secretary. 

Another Meeting. 

This society will hold an important meeting 
on Saturday, July 20, 1884, when business of 
vital interest to all vineyardists will come be- 
fore the society. All members are expected to 
be present, and a cordial invitation is extended 
to all interested in the business to join with us. 

San Joxf, Gid. B. S. 



Oi r FOREIGN Markets. — Too little atten- 
tion is paid by our manufacturers and producers, 
in regard to the kind and quality of goods, 
which are in demand abroad. A more careful 
study of our consular reports, would be of ad- 
vantage to our exporters. These reports con- 
tain a large amount of valuable information, 
in the dissemination of which the government 
is doing a good work for the country, if the 
people will only accept, and make a proper use 
of the information so given. In this con- 
nection we would add the following, from 
a late Chicago paper: "With all our activity 
in production, and our seeking for foreign 
markets, we buy much from, and sell little 
to the countries, lying south and nearest 
of all the world to us; and that little, more- 
over represents our least skilled industries. 
For instance, we sell provisions, lumber, 
petroleum, etc , and buy of them principally, 
coffee, hides and skins. At the same time these 
Southern countries, unskilled in manufactures, 
purchase all kinds of fine and coarse goods and 
household articles, almost entirely from Kurope. 
We endeavor to put our products of skilled 
labor upon the countries which produce already 
the surplus which supplies our southern con- 
tinent, Mexico and the West Indies, from a 
double distance, at w hat ought to be a greater 
cost of freight. We also, with the balance of 
trade greatly against us in those southern coun- 
tries, furnish through that paid-up annual 
balance the money that pays foi thOM piu- 
ehases of European jriod.i." 



28 



PA6IFI6 RURAL fRESS. 



[Julv 12, 1884 



J?/rT^ONS OF J^USB^NDRY. 



Correspondence on Grange principles and work am) r<-. 
ports of transactions of stroorainate Granges arc respect- 
fully solicited for tliis dci»rtui3nt. 

Sevastopol Fourth of July Picnic. 

Sebastopol village is located seven miles 
nnitlnvc t'fh from Santa Rosa, and in Sonoma 
i Munty, iust between the rich level valley land 
and the first low hills east of the Coast Range. 
The hills ami gentle slopes seem to possess a 
sandy fertile soil that when properly cultivated 
is so favorable to fruit and vine culture that its 
price has risen rapidly during the past live 
years. New coiners are still coming into the 
neighborhood, and young and promising look- 
ing vineyards and orchards are to be seen on 
every hand in the valley and on the gentle 
slopes and hills. The business portion of the 
town seems to have lately been on the gain. 
A telephone connection has just been effected 
with Santa Kosa. 

The Ghtange was revived here last year, and 
is now in a thrifty condition, with iifty or 
more members and several new names of 
applicants on hand, so that a large class of 
candidates, it is hoped, will soon be on the way 
to the Master's office. 

Situated off the main arteries of travel, 
having an intelligent and harmonious member- 
ship, and sufficient patriotism in their hearts this 
noble little < < range concluded to celebrate the 

Fourth of July 
On their own account, and invite the Patrons, 
tanners and town people to ioin with them in 
appropriately observing and m/ttftfto the day, 
by holding a picnic in a very pleasant gro.e 
conveniently joinh.g the town. 

Tlx y invited Worthy Master S. T. Coulter, 
of the State I ! range, to deliver an address; ai.d, 
knowing him to be another "old reliable," they 
announced him o i the programme w ithout wait- 
ing for his acceptance. Although not large, a 
line gathering assembled and enjoyed a most 
appropriate, and entirely pleasant, celebration 
of the day. 

Bro. Cannon, W. M. of the Orange*, acting 
as char-man, opened the ex l-cises with appro- 
priate remarks, and conducted them in an able 
and rac\ manner throughout. 

Brother Coulter's address, which will be 
tound in our columns to-day, full of good sense, 
was well received. Mr. Price, formerly an <>ld 
organizing Q ranger in Illinois, gave an extended 
speech containing facts of interest concerning? 
the Orange and some of the most positive bene- 
lits it has already conferred upon farmers and 
other citizens of the United States. Brother 
Cregson, Chaplain, by request, gave a taking 
reminiscence of the first raising of the Ameri- 
can flag in California, at Sutter s Port, Sacra- 
mento. 38 years ago to a day, he being one of 
the 20 men present on the occasion. Miss 
Higby, on reciting the "Major Avenged, ' re- 
ceived appreciative applause. 

The choir rendered appropriate G range songs, 
with select national airs, during the exercises, 
with a harmony and ability that added much to 
tlu patriotic inspirations of the occasion. The 
violinist handled notably well a sweet-toned 
instrument 100 years old, received from his 
father. The organ and violoncello also added 
to the charms of out door singing. The well- 
known Grange 8tug. "Because he Joined the 
Orange," was sung, in character, very sweetly 
and creditably, Miss Litchfield, Mr. Coon and 
Mrs. » iannon taking the parts respectively of 
"Lucy," "Father," and "Mother." The mem- 
bers are all Crangcrs and well deserve the 
favorable remarks made in their favor by many 
persons pleased with their performance. We 
should like to hear the old \ iolin and leading 
voic-^ at the Slate Orange. 

The numerous and well appearing young folks 
present was a specially pleasing feature, and we 
would wish to encourage patrons and citizens 
throughout ( 'alifomia to pay more attention to 
the patriotic education of all children in the 
community. Honor the lives of the great and 
good men and women, too- of the past, and 
in every pleasant way teach and remind our 
youth of the noble acts of all such individuals, 
with encouragement to emulate their virtues. 

A number ol whole-souled Orangers pooled 
the contents of their picnic baskets, and fairly 
loaded the speaker's platform with the choicest 
of well prepared substantiate of life, including 
roast pig, chicken pie and niessed chicken, 
with lots of luxuries, more rich and numerous 
than ordinarily met with even at a Orangeis' 
feast, of all of which visitors were liberally 
invited to partake freely and web ome. 

Among Patrons present from other granges, 
were Bro. Phillips and wife, of Healdsburg 
Orange; G. N. Whittaker and family, of Ben- 
nett S al' ey < 1 range ; Sister Rachel Coulter, of 
Santa Posa ( i range; A. T. Dewey, ol 'IVmescal 
• r range ; and ti,e following ollicevs of the State 
Orange: ST. Coulter, W. M.;Don. Mills, 
A. S.-, Sarah H. Dewey, Ceres. 



Cam t Capitoi.a. -Bro. I. A. Wilcox, of Santa 
Clara, who we recently stated had built a cot- 
tage by the sea at Camp Capitola for the re- 
freshment of his family during the heated term, 
writes that the camp is filling up fast for the 
season, as SOO to HOO are already present, and 
many more will come during the next two | 
weeks. The literary hall, skating rink and 
bathing department present a lively appearance 
and there is much fun and enjoyment. 



The Country and the Grange. 

I lie following address was delivered al tl>. 
Orangers f ourth of | uly Picnic at 9eb*StOp6l, So- 
noma county, by Bro. S. T. Coulter. W. M. ol the 

star i Image: 

It is well to celebrate, with processions and 
orations, with bonfires and illuminations, with 
the rattle of small arms and the canon's deep 
roar, the day that gave birth to a great nation 
of freemen. It is well, at each recurring anni- 
versary of this glorious event, to gather our 
families around the altar of our country in its 
commemoration, and in doing honor to the 
memory of the great and patriotic deeds of our 
ancestors, kindle each year afresh in the hearts 
of the rising generation the tire of a pure and 
noble pitnot.sm. And it may not be amiss, 
occasionally, even on the natal day of our 
great country, to pause in the midst of our 
jubilation and inquire whether in deed and in 
fact we are in the full enjoyment of all the be- 
neficent results of that freedom of which wc arc 
so boastful that freedom so dearly bought by 
the toil and blood of our noble ancestry. 

Their effort was for the establishment of 
universal liberty and equality. They sought 
not only to free themselves and their posterity 
from the tyranny of the Old World, in which 
humanity was divided into classes, each having 
its special privilege, but they sought also to 
build up a system of government which wonld 
secure equal and exact justice to all and special 
privilege to none. 

The beautiful and beneficent system of 
government built up by our fathers with so 
much labor, care and wisdom, so guarded, as 
they, no doubt thought, that it could never 
fail of its purpose, under the manipulation of 
those who have come after them, has been 
transformed into a system in which the mass 
of people, for whose benefit they wrought so 
faithfully, have ceased to exercise any control- 
ling influence. A class of persons has grown up 
| who have taken control of the business of 
government and conduct it in their own inter- 
est. A class of persons who make it their only 
business to select and parcel out the offices of 
government and distribute them among them- 
selves as best suits their interest and conven- 
ience, giving to the people not of their class 
only such portions as are not desired by any of 
themselves. The laws, they frame in their own 
interest and execute for their own advantage. 
They allow the people the privilege of voting 
for them, when a change of officers is necessary 
or desirable, and of paying the taxes necessary 
to raise the revenue to carry on the business of 
government, a very conspicuous and important 
part of which has become the securing 
the election of their candidates for office. 
Very prominent among the sufferers by the 
abuses practiced by this self-constituted gov- 
erning class are the tillers of the ground. 

The votaries of most of the other productive 
industries live in towns and cities in close 
proximity to each other, where it is convenient 
for them to come together and consider and dis 
cuss the merits of proposed measures and the 
influence to be exerted on their interests, and 
take such action as, in their judgment, will be 
most conducive to their advantage. Conse- 
quently you find them organized into societies, 
guilds and trades unions, each having in view the 
protection of the peculiar interest of its mem- 
bers and the furtherance of measures conducive 
to their advantage, and opposing with the 
united force of the influence and the votes of 
its whole membership such measures as in their 
ludgment arc inimical to them. 

I nlike these, the tillers of the soil live iso- 
lated from each other, each one independently 
and alone pursuing his calling in his own 
way, without any conference or agreement 
among them as to the best means of promoting 
their common interests, knowing the disadvan- 
tages of this disorganized condition, and that 
those so situated are powerless to make any 
effectual resistance to any measure, no matter 
how prejudical to their welfare; those who 
have given shape and direction to public policy 
have not considered it necessary to exercise 
any care to subserve the interests of the vota- 
ries of agricultural pursuits. 

And the result has been that, whenever any 
public measure has been under consideration, 
the greatest care has been bestowed an the de- 
termination of its effect on every other pursuit 
and so frame it as not to provoke the hostility 
of any industry or railing, the votaries of 
which may bring the force and influence of an 
organized opposition to it. 

Thus, has legislation been enacted in the in 
terest of everybody but the farmers nod always 
at his expense, and often otherwise, to his det- 
riment, until it has come to paSH that, op- 
pressed with every burden and the victim of 
all manner of oppression the fanner getR less pay 
for his toil and less leturn from his investments 
than anyone else who labors, or has c ipital 
invested. 

In a country which is possessed of so fertile a 
' soil ami such a climate as ours, with such va- 
ried and exhaustless resources, farming ought 
to be a profitable pursuit. Yet each one of 
you who hear me to-day can point to a dozen 
farmers who have a continual struggle to make 
a subsistence for themselves and their families. 

It would seem reasonable that, if by organiza- 
tion and united action, other pursuits are able 
to defend their rights and promote their inter- 
ests, similar action on the part of farmers would 
be attended with like beneficent results. 

Such an organization of fanners is now in 



existence. We are assembled together to-day 
under its auspices. 

It is styled the order of "Patrons of Hus- 
bandry;" more commonly known as 

The Grange- 

It is a modern institution — a fresh evolu- 
tion from a new civilization. It has less 
than a score of years of history. Much of that 
history is a melancholy recital of mistakes and 
failures. 

Nearly all of the men who participated in its 
organization arc living to-day. They labored 
long in doubt and fear inspired by a hope that 
the product of their self -sacrificing toil and 
care would ultimately prove a blessing to the 
millions of men and women whose labor pro- 
cures the subsistence of the human race. 

And after years of patient, prayerful waiting 
they were gladdened by the prospect of their 
cherished hope'bfulfillment,andin January, 1873, 
they committed the institution to which they 
had devoted seven of the best years of their 
lives over to those who were then assembled in 
the tith annual session of the .National Crangc 
as the representatives of the people in whose 
behalf they had labored so long and so faithful- 
ly. Up to that time there had been about 
fourteen hundred Oranges organized with an 
average membership of perhaps forty each. A 
little more than twenty-one thousand dollars 
had been received into the treasury of the Na- 
tional Orange. 

About that time the members of the order 
began to have some proper conception of 
the importance of the work they had in hand 
and the potency ths organization would 
possess when it should attain to the numerical 
strength to which it then seemed likely soon to 
attain. They became wild with enthusiasm. 
This was their first mistake. 

During the years 1873 and 1S74, the growth 
of the Order was the wonder of the time. It 
was unprecedented. It was an uprising, the 
like of which the world has never seen. Money 
flowed like a river into the treasury of the 
National ( i range. K very body wanted to be a 
O ranger, and those who were in acted as if they 
thought it necessary that everybody should be. 
I will not detain you to listen to a recital of the 
mistakes and failures into which they were led 
by the enthusiasm of which they were possessed. 

Suffice it to say, they were numerous and 
disastrous. Perhaps they were necessary. Cer- 
tainly they were the legitimate fruit of the en- 
thusiasm that preceded them. 

But the Orange has passed the experimental 
stage in its history. Its perpetuity is assured, 
and its usefulness is universally recognized. It 
has Survived the follies of its youthful enthusi- 
asm. It has learned lessons of wisdom from 
the mistakes of the past. 

It has arrived at an age in which it may ad- 
dress itself to business in a business way. The 
business it now has in hand is the 

Education of Its Members. 
Prom the first it has been the persistent pre 
diction of false prophets that the Orange was 
going into politics. It was unfortunate for the 
Crange that this prediction found so many per- 
sons ready to believe it. That belief kept out 
of it many persons who ought to have been in 
it, and brought Mocking to its gates many who 
ought to have been excluded. The false prophet 
still proclaims that the- Orange is going into 
politics. Be not decieved. If you are an aspi 
rant for political promotion, be assured the 
Grange will yield you no assistance in the grat- 
ification of your ambitious desires. If you have 
no personal, selfish end to gratify, and you de- 
sire to assist in elevating the condition of your 
fellow-farmers and to be yourself mutually ben- 
efited with them if you desire to assist and be 
assisted in the discovery and application of the 
means by which farming may be made more 
profitable and pleasant, and farmers and farm- 
ers' families be made wiser and happier 
then wc bid you welcome to the Crangc. 

The Grange Not Political. 
Let inc again emphatically and sincerely 
assert the oft repeated truth taught in our 
organic law, that the Grange National, State 
or Suliordinate, is not a political or party 
organization. No » 1 range, if true to its obliga- 
tions can discuss partizanor sectarian questions, 
nor call political conventions, nor nominate 
candidates, nor even discuss their merits in its 
meetings. Vet, the principles wc teach under 
lie all true politics, all true statesmanship, and 
if carried out, will tend to purify the whole 
political atmosphere of our country. 

No one by becoming a Patron of Husbandry 
forfeits that inestimable right and duty, which 
belongs to every American citizen, to take a 
proper interest in the politics of his country. 
On the OfjHtrary it is the right and duty of 
every member to do al! in his power legitimate- 
ly, to influence for good the action of any 
political party to wdiich he may be attached. 

It is his duty to do all he can in his own 
party to put down bribery, corruption and 
trickery; to see that none but competent, faith- 
ful and honest men, who will unflinchingly 
stand by our industrial puisuits are nominated 
for all positions of trust, and to have carried 
out the principle which should always character- 
ize every Patron, that the office should seek 
the man, and not the man the ottice. 

"We accept the broad principle of generous 
toleration which asserts that difference of 
opinion is no crime, and hold that truth has 
nothing to lose in a controversy with error, but 
that progress toward truth is made by differ- 
, ences of opinion, and that the fault lies in 
i bitterness of controversy." 



jECg^icultural I^otes. !* 1 

CALIFORNIA. 

il 

Butte. 

Bais.x MmvI-i;.— Orovill" K<gi.i< l: Tim f 
upper part of Messila valle., has been the In nt > 
of Mr. C. L. Durban for over a quarter of a ecu. i' 
tury. He owns 400 acres of land, most of it * 
being a deep rich loam. On the farm he has * 
made many improvement;, such as fencing, 9 
buildings, barns, cellars, a packing home, and * 
tine dwellings. Much of tho land is cultivated, * 
while he h-s an excellent orchard and .splendid * 
vineyard. A few days ;.go we visited Mr. Dur-tfi 
ban's farm, and were by him Injun over thef* 
place. One of the principal features connected! 
with the farm is raisin making, which we will ( 
attempt somewhat briefly to describe. Ooodi ■ 
grapes fully ripe is the main thing to start with. « 
The clusters are cut from the vines and carri A | 
into large yard adjoining the vineyard. Here ( 
they are placed upon wooden trays that rest 
upon low benches or stands. After drying lu re 
a longer or siiorter period, according to the] 
weather, they arc next carried to the drying, 
house. This i.- a building - 2tix40 feet, to which 
is added another lrjx.S'i feet. In the main build- 
ing a kiln is built. This is ten feet wide, by 
twenty-four lo'.g. There is a furnace built of a 
very durable stone. From the fire place ex-, 
tends three large pipes. These are imbedded iu { 
a mass of coarse stone. One reason for using; 
the Btones is that no moisture from the ground] 
may reach the pipes and cause them to rust,, 
while a second and more important reason is to 
accrmulate and retain a vast amount of heat, 
which is given off gradually, bo that the grapes 
may not dry too fast. The grapes are gathered 
when ripe, and after drying a short Sate are 
placed in the kiln for five days. They are 
placed on wire trays 3(i\36 inches, e.tch capable 
of holding twenty-five pounds. The heat from 
the m iss of stones rises gradually through the 
300 trays which the dryer contains, until, as we 
have said, tire days have elapsed. Then the 
doors of the kiln are opened, and the trays 
drawn out and tiie raisins turned over, which 
is do'ie rapidly, by placing an extra tray on top 
of the grapes and then reversing the two. At 
the end of three days more the kiln is again 
opened and the trays taken out. All of the 
well-dried raisins are then thrown into large 
baskets, while those not dry enough are again 
placed in the coolest part of the kiln and fresh 
grapes are put in the warmer parts. At the 
end of four days the trayB are taken out on> e 
more, the raisins taken off and the kiln again 
filled. The raising are placed in baskets and 
are carried to a large, cool cellar, where they 
undergo what is termed a "sweat." After- 
wards they are carried up stairs, where they are 
neatly packed into five, ten and twenty pound 
boi.es. The raisins are large, plump and 
luscious, and are the finest wc have ever Been in 
the Stat'-. By additions built this year to his 
drying house, Mr. Durban can now store on 
trays, large quantities of grapes, so as to be out 
of danger from rains in the fall. He finds a 
ready local sale for all the raisins he can put up. 

Colusa. 

Crops. — 8vH: Since harvesting has began the 
extent of the damage by the June rains is be- 
coming more certain, but even now it cannot bo 
correctly estimated, as no man can say what 
might have been. They are getting the down 
wheat better than wc anticipated, but still 
the loss from this cause will be large. Some of 
the best wheat is colored. Many still maintain 
that the loss will be 25 per cent on what we 
would have had; but still all agree that our 
yield will exceed that of 1880, our best crop 
year. The State has suffered, and what we sec 
in some of the papers about the June rains do- 
ing more good than harm is bosh. 

Contra Costa. 

La nun Apricots. -Martinez (JmitcHe: Wc 
received Thursday from Hon. C W. T. Cartel 
a box of apricots as large and luscious as any 
we iiave ever seen, and fully double the size ol 
ordinary apricots. They ware grown in t-;c 
orchard of Mr. Nethcrton at Point of Timber. 
Past year one of his trees produced six hundred 
pounds of tine fruit, and this year all his trees are 
heavily loaded. There are some excellent or 
chards in the eastern portion ol the county, and 
judging from the specimens on our table, the 
soil and climat- in some sections there must be 
' especially adapted to the raising of apricots. 

Los Angelen. 
GSSAT VlNSVARDS Los Angeles Iftritim 
Mr. Nadeau has planted 100,000 more vines ir 
addition to his ",000,000 vines now growing 
This m w plant of .Mr. Nadeau keeps him in th< 
front rank as the greatest viticulturist in th< 
world. The varieties planted this year will b« 
Zinfandel, Charbono and Mission. Mr. Nad> ii 
will this year have a rewarding crop from hii 
two-year-old vines, and henceforth double hii 
yield year by year till all of his vines are ir 
full bearing. The next great viueyardist in tin 
State is ex-Governor Stanford, who is plantnq 
immense vineyards at Vina, Tehama county 
but Mr. Nadeau keeps ahead of him, and t 
likely to remain at the front. Mr. P. J. Row 
has more bearing vines than any other man ii 
t 'alifomia. but not so many planted. He In 
nearly a million growing and 1100,000 bearing 
Mr. J. De Barth Shorb, when his vineyards an 
completed, will have about •2,000,000 vines 
Mr. K. J. Baldwin anil Mr. K. L. Maylwrn 
have fi00,000 each, and arc still planting. A 



dly 12, 1884] 



pA6IFie RURAL f>RESS. 



20 



•ast 5,000,000 vines were planted this spring 
i Los Angeles county. 

Placer. 

A Nkw Plum.— Sutter County Former: Dr. 
. K. Chandler placed on our table a box of 
lums grown at Newcastle, Placer county, and 
nown as Silva's Koning Claudie plum. They 
rere to the eye all that could be desired, being 
f- fair size, the color being near that of the 
lerman plum, and its flavor much resembles 
hat favorite fruit, but ripening about two 
lonths earlier. While the box remained on 
ur table the fruit was tasted by many persons, 
nd all pronounced it to be the best early plum 
et produced. We would advise parties about 
o plant plums not to leavf this out of their 
ollection. 

Plumas. 

Crop Pbospbcts. — Greenville Bulletin: The 
irospects for a large crop in Indian valley are 
xcellent. The late rains have caused vegetation 

grow with great rapidity. There will be a 
arge hay crop, and the crop of oats and wheat 
irill be fully up to the average unless a frost 
hould come. The necessity for more stock will 
le apparent. Beef cattle are very high, and if 
■very farmer could turn off" 10 or '20 beeves per 
'ear at present prices, he would receive a hand- 
ome sum of money. The surplus hay could be 
ery profitably utilized in this way. The 
nanufacture and shipment of more butter 
von Id be quite remunerative. It effects the 
jrosperity of a country to quite an extent to be 
ible to convert its surplus crop into money, in 
,liia way, if the home market is not equal to the 
supply. 

San Bernardino. 

Oi.ivk Growing. — Mr. K. W. Holmes, of 
Riverside, publishes his experience. He says 
that seven years ago he planted five hundred 
mttings of mission olives. At four years they 
yielded a few olives, and at live a few more. He 
Bras then tempted to take them up and put 
irr.nge trees in their place, but said he would 
try what thorough cultivation would do. The 
•event h year they bore an average of ten gal- 
lons each tree, and this year give promise of 
iouble that yield. The trees and fruit are 
large. This is the result of good cultivation in 
good soil. The olives are worth 85 cents to $1 

1 gallon when pickled. 

San Luis Obispo. 
Fink Wheat. -Tribune, July 4; Some of the 
Sliest wheat we have seen this season so far 
grew on the farm of W. H . Tuley, on the Ks- 
trella plains. The heads are of good length, 
measuring from six to seven inches, and con 
tabling from 80 to !»."> grains each. The grain 
is tine, plump and of extra size. The specimen 
is of his winter sown wheat. He says his sum 
iner fallow is much better than this. Mr. Tuley 
informs us, that as near as he can estimate, be 
will have between live and six thousand sackt- 
of wheat this season, of which this is only * 
fair specimen. The wheat generally that i 
grown on the other side of the Goast Range i. 
better than that grown on the coast. Th< 
farmers on the Kstrella, although generally get 
ting fair crops, claim this as their bonanza year 
and hope for many more. Usually the rains 
have been lighter than in the season just closed, 
but such a year as the last makes everything 

lovely. 

Santa Barbara. 

Raspberry Growing. -Press: Some red 
raspberries shown from ( lathedral ( >aks were 
large, crisp, and more luscious than any the 
northern markets show, t 'arpinteria ought to 
supply the champion raspberries for all the 
markets of the State, and will in the railroad 
future, if land owners so choose. If any one 
cares to contpst this assertion we simply refer 
them to Mr. L. 15. Hogue, of Carpinteria, who 
has a splendid patch of black raspberries. The 
land on which they grow is rich sandy loam, 
and the plants are started and grown entirely 
without irrigation. Last year was very dry, 
but the vines were not watered at all, and bore 
luxuriantly from about June 1st to somewhere 
in September. 'The runners, from which the 
vines are propagated, take root easily by 
weighting them down at the right distance, 
where they touch the ground, with a handful 
of earth and straw -no irrigation. These roots 
transplanted bear plentifully the second year. 
Mr. Hogue sets his vines six feet apart, and 
from each gathers about two usual- sized boxes 
full in a season. He thinks, from his experi- 
ence, that that valley will be a famous place 
for raspberries, and that when shipping by rail 
is possible Carpinteria will daily send away her 
tons of berries red, white and black for three 
and a half months in the year. 

Santa Cruz 
Progress at the Cannery. — Courier-Item: 
The Santa Cruz Cannery closed their cherry 
pack last week. The results of the run show an 
aggregate of a little more than 1,000 cases, or 
25,000 cans of cherries. Had it not been for 
the untimely rainfall, the total of cherries would 
have been at least a third more. In addition to 
cherries there have been packed, thus far; liO 
cases red raspberries, 40 cases gooseberries, and 
LiO cases red currants. In preserving this 
amount of fruit, "20 barrels of dry granulated 
white sugar have been used, and employment 
has been given to about :l."> women and girls and 
10 boys and men. In about 10 days the busiest 
run of the season will open with apricots, 
plums, and blackberries, which will be followed 
closely by pears and peaches. In the packing 
of these, the services of 100 or more employees 
will likely be required. Apricots are reported 



as being quite abundant, and of fair quality. 
Plums and blackberries show an enormous yield, 
with prospects of low prices in consequence, 
while pears and peaches of canning varieties are 
likely to lie in good demand on account of 
a rather short crop. The pack this season bids 
fair to be more than double the amount of last 
year. 

Sonoma. 

GRAPES.— Cloverdale Sentinel: The vine 
yards in the vicinity of Geyserville and Healds- 
burg never looked more promising than now. 
From the present outlook the grape crop of 
Northern Sonoma will be both large and good. 

Tulare. 

Hinds Seedling Apricot. — Ventura Signal: 
This is a new variety of apricot, originated by 
Mr. Hinds, of Visalia. That gentleman has 
one tree in his orchard, from which thousands 
of cuttings have been taken. The tree is 
thirteen years old, and last year 1,000 pounds 
of fruit were picked from its branches. The 
flavor of these apricots is said to be superior to 
that of any other variety, being valued so highly 
that it is retailed from the tree at ."> cents per 
pound when other kinds are bringing but two 
and three cents. Mr. C. R. Beal is an ardent 
admirer of the Hinds Seedling, having fifty 
young grafts from the original tree in his 
orchard, and on Wednesday he received a box 
of the fruit from Mr. Hinds. Mr. Beal brought 
a sample of this fruit to our office and in our 
judgment it is certainly all that is claimed for 
it, having a rich, juicy sweetness which we 
have never observed in any other variety. The 
fruit is as large as the Moorpark, a perfect oval, 
shapely, showy, attractively colored and seems 
to ripen with almost perfect uniformity. We 
think that it is decidedly superior to any variety 
so far grown here, and the great age of the 
parent tree bears conclusive testimony that it 
will last, thereby doing away with the greatest 
fear of apricot orchardists. Would it not be 
well for our fruit growers to examine into the 
merits of this thing a little? liesides Mr. Beal's 
fifty trees, there is a two-year-old Hinds Seed- 
ling in the orchard of Mr. \V. W. Sparks and 
another of the same age in the orchard of Mr. 
Wm, McGuire, in Sleepy Hollow. These trees 
will come into bearing next year, and then we 
will be better able to judge what the Hinds 
Seedling will do in Ventura county. There is 
one thing certain, if this apricot retains after 
drying the exquisite flavor of the fresh fruit, it 
will be the finest thing of the kind ever put up- 
on the market. 

NEVADA 

Strange Sights. The Index says that (Jar- 
son V alley never looked so beautiful as now. 
The fields and trees are delightfully fresh and 
green, and the crops in most places givepiomise 
of unusual abundance. The present high stage 
of the Carson river will injure more or less of 
the bottom land hay crop by reason of the 
overflow, which causes the water to stand 
several inches deep in the growing grass. The 
alfalfa ami other grass crops on the higher lands 
are simply magnificent. Very little or no 
irrigation has been practiced or necessary thus 
far, and the crops are quite likely to mature 
without the use of much water. This will be a 
strange thing for Nevada. 

WASHINGTON. 

Hop Buying. — No iess than live Kastem and 
( California hop men are at present in the 
Ihiwamish, White and Stuck valleys, contract 
ing for this season's crop. A number of grow- 
ers, says the Seattle Herald, contracted early 
in the season, at fifteen cents per pound, and 
now they feel like kicking themselves, as the 
contract rates are said to have jumped to 
twenty-two and a half cents. In one instance, 
at least, as high as twenty-five cents has been 
offered and refused by a shrewd grower. The 
up river growers, who keep posted on the mar- 
ket, claim that prices will run up to seventy- 
five cents before January, 1885. Should this 
prophecy be realized, every farmer in this and 
I'ierce county, who refused to contract, will be 
made independently rich. All the tanners are 
more than delighted with Jie season's outlook. 
All classes of produce will be high this fall, in- 
cluding hops, onions, hay and potatoes. 

Rain and Grain. - Walla' Walla Kxehange: 
Some fears being expressed that the late severe 
rainstorms had damaged crops, we made in- 
quiries of several careful observers from various 
parts of the country, and become satisfied that 
the fears were groundless. One farmer re- 
marked, "Where the rain injured one acre, it 
benefited two or three hundred acres." Many 
fields that were not deemed worth cutting, are 
now expected to yield fair crops. Fall grain 
was benefited by the addition of moisture, on 
which to draw for full heads, while spring grain 
was benefited from the remotest rootlet to the 
extremest leaflet. 



Almond Sport. — Mr. Chas. B. Hemming 
showed us the almond branch growing out of 
the body of a waning peach tree in an aban- 
doned orchard at Glen Cove, near Vallejo. It 
puts out nearly three feet above the ground, 
with a thrifty and fruitful growth. A peach 
sprout starts out a little lower, having a similar 
thrifty appearance, while the main tree is in 
decided decline. There can seemingly be no 
doubt of the genuineness of this sport. Have 
any of our horticulturists ever observed its 
counterpart ? 



Agricultural Features of Cali- 
fornia. 

By E. W. Hilgard, Ph. D., 

[Professor of Agriculture, California State 1'nivernit.y, I 

THE PACIFIC RURAL PRESS 

PREMIUM EDITIONS. 

With a Finely Lithographed Map, Repre- 
senting by Separate Colors, the 
Following Divisions : 

Tule and Musi) Lands, Alluvial Lands, Prominent Adobe 
Lands, Lower Foothills of the Sierra and Northern 
Coast Range (altitude lielow li.OtK) feet), Upper Foot- 
hills or Broken Lands (-2,000 to 4,U(K) feet), Sierra 
Region, Coast Range, Chief Valleys of Coast Range and 
Eastern slope of Sierra, Redwood Lands of ('oast Range, 
Desert Lands. 

Preface to the Reader. 

We are pleased to place within the reach of those whom 
its study will benefit, this maste-ly review of the Physical 
and AoRii i i.ti ral Features of Calikorma. The pon- 
derous volumes of the United States Census Reports do 
not reach the people generally. Their cost makes the 
edition small, and the distribution being chiefly by per- 
sonal favor of Congressmen, often misplaces the few 
which are issued. By arrangement with the Government, 
we have secured the sheets for a special edition, of the 
portion relating to California, at a considerable outlay , 
and b.\ tasteful and durable binding, we now place the 
monograph before the public in acceptable form. 

It is fortunate for the State of California that Prof. K 
W . Hilgard was invited to supervise the Census Reports 
on Cotton Production in the I'nited States. His loyalty 
to the State of his adoption, and his confidence in its 
future in cotton, drawn from his long experience in the 
old cotton States and his knowledge of California climate 
and soils, led him to place California in the list of cotton- 
grow ing States, and thus secure for it a full description 
and accurate portrayal of its physical and agricultural 
features. 

Prof. Hilgard dots not consider the sketch which he. 
has been able lo give of this great State complete. It is, 
however, an important step toward the realization of an 

i honorable ambition w Inch be cherishes for California, viz. , 
a complete and accurate Industrial Survey which shall 
show the State's resources and i>ossibilities for develop- 
ment as no other State has yet been described. Prof. 
Hilgard has done similar wort lor some of the States 
east ol the Mississippi, but he plans to bring bis riper ex- 
perience 'o this work, so that, the Industrial Survey ol 
California shall he a masterpiece of the application of 
science to industrial advancement. We are glad to aid 
him i" this work by bringing before the public this ape- 

■ cial edition of his census work. May it prove an incen- 
tive tn many observers in.allpMte.of the state to assist 

1 him in the effort. He in\ Ites the aid of all. In a resent 

publication of the Pacific Aural Pans, alluding to this 

subject , he say s: 

It is hoped thai the work will be critically scanned bj 
all Interested in agricultural progress and in the increase 
ul emigration to the State, end that all faults of omission, 
commission 01 inaccuracy be noted, and with comments 
and additional information be communicated to the 
writer, in order that thej may be put on record for in 
corporation into a subsequent corrected and amplified 
edition of the work. To persons able and willing to cor- 
rect the outlines ot the several regions laid down on the 
map, or to give the limits of any additional subdivisions 
worthy of note, blank maps ol the corresponding portions 
of the State will be sent for the platting of such informa- 
tion, to be incorporated in a revised map, drawn on a 
larger scale. All such contributions are earnestly solicited 
ami welcomed, and due credit w ill be given for them in 
the Reports "t tin- College of Agriculture. 
. We also invite contributions of a similar character for 
publication in the Ri ral Prkss. Careful and truthfuj 
descriptions ot the various resources of the Sta'e have 
always been welcome. We urge all our readers to do 
what they can in this direction. California is so good 
a State, that the "truth, the whole truth, and nothing 
but the truth," should be set forth for the benefit and 
information of all people. 

In order to increase the subscription list of the 1'acihi 
Hi ral Press, we offer this valuable book of HO large 
(quarto) pages, handsomely and substantially bound in 
cloth, to new subscribers for the small sum of Tvvknty- 
IVB Cents, deliv ered at OU1 office, or sent b express un- 
paid. By mail, 10 cents extra will lie required for post 
age. Old subscribers w ill be served on the same terms, 
whose subscriptions are paid in advance, or who pay in 
advance while this announcement appears in .sir col- 
umns. Aside from its special value, the book will he 
found a desirable addition to any library . 

We ask all readers to make this otter kiuivv n, and more 
especially to new settlers and agriculturists on the Pacific 
Coast. 

We w ill send sample, copies of the paper and this work 
' for the use of any who are willing to assist in extending 
the circulation of our paper. 

DEWEY & CO., Publishers. 
S. ¥., July 111, 18M. 

J>. 8.— Price to others than subscribers, 11.00. 

A Useful Kklic. We were lately showu a 
very neatly made gavel, presented to Vallejo 
Grange in its early days ley its present faithful 
Master, lohn V. Bemniing. It is made of a 
piece of timber out of the memorably victorious 
U. 8. war steamer Rear sage. The wood is of a 
dark, solid appearance, and forms a handsome 
and useful memento. 

Deserving of Confidence. There is no article 
which so richly deserves the entire confidence of the com- 
munity a> Brown's Bronchial Troci^.b. Those suffering 
from Asthmatic and Bronchial Diseases, Coughs and 
Colds, should try them. Price 20 cents. 



Elsinore. 

One of the latest and most popular of the 
low-priced-land settlements has been founded at 
the Big Laguna, JO miles south of Riverside, on 
the California Southern Railroad, by Messrs. 
Graham * Heald. The lands border on the 
lake, which at the present time is about two 
miles in diameter each way, covering four sec- 
tions of land. A very large body of land around 
this lake is what might be. termed moist lands, 
with surface water at a depth that renders irri- 
gation unnecessary, or, if found to be necessary, 
on a limited scale, the water can be easily lifted 
from the shallow wells. There are also on por- 
tions of the tract tine springs, which will be de- 
veloped and used for irrigation purposes. A 
postoffice and station has been established at 
Elsinore, and a town has been laid off at the 
hot sulphur springs, a little way from the de- 
pot, and this is the nucleus of a settlement that 
bids fair to grow very rapidly. Several parties 
from Riverside have visited this new tract, and 
return with good reports of future prospects. 
— Riverside Press. 

An interesting pamphlet concerning the col- 
ony of Elsinore can be had by addressing 1). 
M. Graham, 36 and :?7 Nadeau Block, Los 
Angeles. 



WiiiHTiiAs's Frcit Dryer. -After attend- 
ing the Grangers' picnic on the Fourth of July 
at Sebastopol, quite a number of visiting Gran- 
gers and farmers examined the fine viueyartte 
and orchards of Messrs. Litchfield, Wight- 
man, and others, in the choice fruit iand 
district adjacent to the town. The fruit 
interest of the neighborhood is exceedingly 
promising. At the farm of the Messrs. Wight 
man were shown several improved fruit dryers 
made by them under the .T. 0. Button patent. 
Two erected in their drying house have been 
thoroughly and satisfactorily worked. The ma- 
chines are durable, cheap, and simple to oper- 
ate, and were favorably considered by farmers 
who examined them. The price is $185. Mr, 
Phillips, whose farm is near Flealdsburg, has 
recently purchased one for his own use. Among 
other advantages, the arrangement is such that, 
in bleaching the fruit, sulphur is applied briefly 
and limitedly with such perfect results as to be 
of decided importance to consumers, it is said. 



Bkkriks <ni) Oranges on the Bay Shore. 
— Mr. .). F. Demming iias a small orange tree, 
well sheltered by his house and kitchen, grow 
ing w ithin a stone's throw of the shore of the 
Straights ol Carqoinez, at Glen < 'ove, opposite 
the Grangers' warehouses, that is well set 
with fruit this season. It has previously 
matured good oranges. In his vegetable 
garden, close to the shore in another cove, his 
orange trees are unpromising, having been re 
peatedly cut down by the winter frosts. They 
are stili being cultivated to see what time will 
make of them. The growth of choice berries 
in the same garden is prolific, as wi ll ;is to 
inatoea and most kinds of vegetables, 



A Very Singular and Exceptional Case. 

The following details of a ease, is one of the excep- 
tional cases which v. c meet with in our dispensation ti 
Compound oxygen, and one that illustrates in a very 
striking manner the subtle ami deeply searching ami 
active power of this new agent: 

"St. CLOUD, Wis., January Ifi, 1082. 

"Drs. Stakkky & Pamcn -Dear Sirx: I believe it to 
be a duty I ovv e to sufferers fiom blood and skin diseases 
to make a brief statement ot my case. About ten years 
ago I had several Inflamed dark spots come on both of 
my ankles. These spots, when they first, appeared, were 
of a dark copper color, and much inflamed and rigid. 
They gradually grew larger and more troublesome, with 
always a sensation of numbness, and sometimes parox- 
ysms of most intolerable itching. I had for several y ears 
previous to the appearance of these spots on my ankles 
been troubled with inflammatory rheumatism. My joints 
would be sometiim a badly swollen and inflamed.' I had 
much trouble and pain with my left ankle for the three or 
four months before commencing to use Compound Ox\ ■ 
gen. The whole of the outside of my left foot and ankle 
resembled, in appearance and color, a large piece of liver, 
It was much swollen and as rigid as an iceberg, with nine 
or ten very painful dry sores. The central one was about 
one inch In diameter, and most excruciatingly painful. I 
showed it to sev eral knowing ones, who pronounced it. a 
cancer. The effects of the Compound Oxygen were truly 
wonderful. It worked like a charm. In a few days after 
commencing its use, my feet began to bleach out: the 
lumps all dissolved; the skin and flesh of my feet soon 
became soft and white; the sores became less painful, and 
soon began to heal. The sores are now all well, and inv 
feet and ankles are as good as new. In fact, I hav e got > 
new pair of legs, for all of which I am indebted to Com- 
pound fKygen. Respectfully yours, II. SPARKS." 

The effect of Compound Ox»gcn in this case gives a 
striking proof of the law governing its action. It, had no 
specific relation to the disease from which the patient was 
suffering, and did not act directly upon the affected parU. 
but, instead, infused new vigor into all the nervous cen- 
ters, quickened all the life-forces, and restored to 
healthier activity every organic form in the body, and 
the result came as a natural and orderly sequence. The 
ease is exceptional only in the character of the disease, 
not in its cure by Compound Oxygen. 

Our "Treatise on Compound Oxygen, " containing a 
history of the discovery and mode of action of this re- 
markable curative agent, and a large record of surprising 
rures in Consumption, Catarrh, Neuralgia, Bronchitis, 
Asthma, etc., and a wide range of chronic diseases, will 
he sent free. Address DrS. Starkkv & Palen, 1100 and 
1111 Oirard St., Philadelphia. 

All orders for the Compound Oxygen Home Treatment 
directed to H. K. Mathews, 6<i() .Montgomery street, San 
Francisco, will be tilled on the same terms as if sent 
directly to us in Philadelphia. 



Windmills. — The Knterprise windmills of 
Morton & Kennedy, Livertnore, Alameda 
county, are continuing to do good work, and 
arc popular ..mong those w ho huve had experi- 
ence with them. Before purchasing a mill, the 
record of the Enterprise diould be examined. 
Address the manufacturers at Livermore, Gal, 



pAGIFie RURAL PRESS. 



[July 12, 1884 




[Written tor Ri Mi I'm.** bj Kanmk Isaukx Siikkku k.I 
Above the altar rests the dove. 

Her brooding wings outspread, 
The censer swings for weary souls — 
They only rest — ihe dead. 

Peace be still! 
Ah, blessed words how sweetly rare 
To lift the soul above dispair! 

The white-winged dove hath mission true. 

I he stainless lily too — 
Ah, know you not they bring the truth 

From ( iod to me — and you. 

Peace be still ! 
The echo tloats from worlds above 
Through His pure messenger — the dove. 

The mountains rest at even tide 

In puiple shadows far. 
Xo earthly hand with human might 
Their ( iod-like peace can mar. 

Peace be still ! 
I he ocean hears the soft command, 
Behold! God's hush o'er sea and land. 

Are we less worthy than the hill* 

To lift our souls to God? 
Are we less w orthy of God's peare 

Than is the blossoming sod.' 

Peace be still! 
Ah, blessed peace that stills the soul 
Though seas of trouble o'er us roll! 



A Service of Song in the Country. 

How quiet was the farm that afternoon ! Ev- 
erything nodded and dozed in the sun or rested 
in the shade. How the sun streamed down on 
meadow and field! The corn blades drooped 
and wilted. In the old hill Held I could see 
the men in the wheat, their arms and bodies 
swaying in perfect rythm with the swinging 
cradles, and how, like silver, the bright blades 
Hashed as they turned. The bees droned and 
hummed lazily about the old fashioned "cy- 
press," under the sitting room windows. We 
always called it "cypress," you know, because 
that wasn't the name of it, and they buzzed in 
vagrant fashion up and down the long rows of 
Howers that lined the path to the front gate. 
The morning glories had closed their bright 
eyes of blue and pink, but a forest of four 
o'clocks were getting ready to wake up; the 
hollyhocks stood up like blossoming bean poles. 
1 always used to think that Aaron's rod, when 
it "brought forth buds and bloomed blossoms," 
looked like hollyhock; it yielded almonds but it 
looked like a hollyhock, I know. The breath 
of the old-fashioned pinks no, dear, they 
were not carnations; we had no carnations then; 
they were just pinks — came sweetly on the 
air; and the frowsy bush of "old man" at the 
corner looked old and wilted indeed; in the 
blazing heat a tall group of sunHowers stood up 
'ike a cluster of hospitable Horal umbrellas; 
the big bunch of "ribbon grass" looked season- 
able as a striped summer silk, with the lark- 
spurs drooping over it on one side, and on the 
other a group of "rugged robins" standing up, 
cheery and blue as the skies. As though it 
w as not sensibly warm enough to sight as well 
as feeling, a colony of poppies stood blazing 
away among their green leaves, while the cox 
comb and Prince of Wales feather added an 
unnecessary touch of warmth to the parterre. 
And here, there and everywhere, and trying 
to get somewhere else, the "bouncing 
bets" swarmed all over the garden, crept 
through the rail fence and ran along in the 
corners and right by the dusty roadside among 
the disreputable dog fennel and plebian rag- 
weed, clear down to where the big slough 
crossed the road. 1 lay under the big Morello 
cherry tree by the new well — the one near the 
house, you remember- seventy-eight feet deep 
and yielding the coldest, clearest water in 
America, and lazily watched a few straggling, 
fleecy clouds sailing aimlessly across the blue 
skies, as though they had lost their reckoning 
and were only waiting to be picked up and set 
right. I could hear the old clock ticking 
solemnly away in thesitting-room;it limped a lit- 
tle on its way around thedialand always ticked 
loudest on the left-hand swi'ig of the pendulum, 
and it had a startling way of going otf at unex- 
pected times in a funny sort of noise 
that sounded like a cough or a chuckle, 
whichever would scare you the most. 

The girls had gone to town. Grandma sat 
in the open sitting-room door sewing. ( Grand- 
father stooil in the cool shade at the long work- 
bench at the end of the kitchen, making a new 
single-tree for the light wagon. They could 
not sec each other. 1 doubt if they heard, or 
at any rate observed each other's voices, but I 
could plainly see and hear each one, and I for- 
yot my liook listening to them and trying to 
guess their thoughts from their disjointed, 
' hanging, abrupt fragments of song. And the 
occasional flutter of the leaves, stirred by a 
n ambl ing bn ath of wind, the shadows dimpling 
the second growth of red clover, the straying 
note of a restless bird, the long, dusty road, 



stretching far away past the woods to the "high 
prairie," the Hash of a butterfly's wings-- how it 
all harmonized with the broken songs that fell 
almost unconsciously at times from the old 
lips while 'the singers were over the business 
of the house," and in all that hour of peace, 
while "the whole earth is at rest and is quiet, 
they break forth into singing." 

A flash of bright, beautiful blue from the 
willows, and a kingfisher with his lonesome cry, 
skimmed a pool in the slough with a splash and 
sped away. The old man's eyes followed the 
flight of the bird, and then rested a moment on 
the wandering stream, loitering away to the 
woods on the Schnebly farm, and the strong 
voice sang to old "Kxhortation:" 

" Our life is a dream; 

Our time, as a stream, 

Glides swiftly away. 
And the fugitive moment refuses to stay; 

The arrow is flown; 

The moment is gone — " 
"Oh, may we all remember well 
The night that death draws near," 
came from grandma's lips, and she hadn't 
opened them before in half an hour, until the 
clock struck four. Her voice died away, while 
I listened for more, for her old hymns, as 
she sang them, were always known unto 
us "as a very lovely song of one that hath 
a pleasant voice and can play well on an 
instrument.'' 1 heard the old clock give 
its hectic cough, as if in illustration of the 
hymn. Grandma wearily turned the work in 
her hands, and the measure of "Brown" swelled 
out in: 

"Jerusalem, my happy home. 
Name ever dear to me; 

W hen shall my labors have an end " 

A broken thread broke the song, and when 
the busy needle resumed its flight, the dear old 
singer had passed the closing line of the next 
stanza: 

"And streets of shining gold.' 
I knew now the busy brain and tired hands 
longed for rest, and I wondered if she wasn't 
thinking of all the years of weariness and toil, 
and of a certain mortgage that with its black 
wings of threatening and terror had been hover- 
ing about the farm for years like a hawk. I 
didn't have a very clear comprehension of a 
mortgage, 1 am afraid, but I knew that times 
had been easier and money more plentiful since 
it had been lifted, and I was pretty eertain that 
streets paved with gold would scare away the 
biggest blanket mortgage that ever covered an 
improved quarter. 

The click of a falling frame, and the beseech- 
ing "cheeps" of half a dozen terrified chicks 
caught in my latest improved quail trap, set 
where no quail was ever known to come. 
Grandfather stepped away from the bench to re- 
lieve the unharmed captives, for I never mo veil, 
fearing a demand for explanations, and in a 
moment the plaintive minor strains of quaint 
old "Hiacynth" sang out: 

"I delivered thee when bound, 

And when wounded, healed thy wound; 
Sought the wandering, set the right, 

Turned thy darkness " 

"Oh, the transporting, rapturous scene 
That rif.es to my sight 
Sweet fields arrayed in living green " 

At the sound of grandma's voice I turned my 
face and saw the wrinkled hands dropped 
in her lap as she looked out on the long pas- 
ture, over the great roiling field where we 
sowed the first crop of Hungarian, the hinging 
woods and the wide meadows all flooded in 
glorious sunshine how cold she sing anything 
else? Triumphant as the psalm of the long, 
rolling surf, the beautiful voice sang on for a 
moment, and then the old hands picked up the 
work, and the melody drifted into the sad 
sweetness of "Naomi," and the voice of the 
singing went on. 

"W hen will my pilgrimage be done, 
The world's long week be o'er?" 
Sure enough, I remember, it was only Wed 
nesday, and it seemed to the busy ones yet a 
long time to the restfulness of the farm Sab- 
bath. A moving shadow at the work bench 
drew my eyes, and as grandfater drew the tape 
line to find the middle of the hickory piece he 
was shaping, he sang to Scottish "Avon:" 
"Teach me the measure of my days, 
Thou maker of my frame, 

I would survey ' 

There was a fault somewhere, and si- 
lence indicated it, for grandfather never sang 
in a moment of perplexity. He would talk to 
himself then as though he was or were, as the 
case, or rather number, may be twins; but he 
never sang. And with closed eyes I waited and 
knew the measurement was perfected when he 
went on: 

" A span is all that we can boast, 
An inch or two of time; 

Man is but vanity and dust " 

A search for the drawing knife stopped his 
song, and, as a cloud drifted over the sun and 
soothed all the land with shadow, grandma sang 
in the plaintive strains of "China:" 

" W ell might the sun in darkness hide, 

And shut his glories in, 
When Christ, the mighty Maker, died 
For man, the creature's, sin." 
While like a triumphant echo from the work- 
bench end of the choir came ringing the glorious 
strains of "St. Martin's," thrilling and inspir- 
ing as a blast of trumpets, cheering as a bugle 
call, grand in its tone of unshaken confidence: 
" Beneath the shadow of Thy throne, 
Thy saints have dwelt secure; 



Sufficient is Thine arm alone. 
And our defense is sure.'' 
But the cloud drifted away aud the sun burst 
of light blazed over the earth again, and in 
stately measure "Dundee" swelled in its half 
note steps from the bench: 

"A faith that shines more bright and clear, 

When tempests rage without; 
That when in danger knows no fear, 
In darknes* feels no doubt." 
It may have been the majestic old tune, or it 
may have been — I rather think it was the coo- 
ing wood dove, mourning in the tall old elm 
down by the horse well, that made grandma 
sing: 

"Return, oh, holy dove return, 
Sweet messenger of rest; 

I hate the sins that made thee mourn " 

Hock, rock, rock, the old straight-back 
rocker finished the verse without words, and in 
a moment the whirling flight of my pigeons 
sweeping from the barn roof over to the cool 
woods changed grandmas song to joyous 
"Amsterdam:" 

"Rise, my soul, and stretch lay wings. 

Thy better portion trace; 
kise from transitory things, 

Toward heaven, thy native place. 
Sun, and moon, and stars decay, 
Time shall soon this earth remove, 

Rise, my soul, and haste away " 

But graudpa, with lusty arm and clanging 
hammer, beat on the iron rings that bound the 
ends of the single tree, sang aloud with terri- 
ble voice, that direful old revival hymn 
that used to melt with sudden fear the trem- 
bling souls of impentinent youth: 

"Say, have you an arm like God, 

I hat you 1 lis will oppose? 
Fear not that iron rod 

With which He breaks his foes?" 
And like a soothing balm to his avenging 
chant, that seemed to echo the dread thunders 
of Sinai, came the mourning notes of the wood 
dove and dear old grandma's sweet "Aletta:" 
" Weeping soul, no longer mourn 
(esus all thy griefs hath borne; 
View Him bleeding on the tree, 
Pouring out His life for thee; 
There thy *ery sin He bore; 
Weeping soul, lament no more." 

A distant strain of song from the men in the 
field with Uncle John caught the old man's ear, 
and he straightened himself a moment, to rest 
or to listen. He looked at the reapers, then 
down at the mulberry trees by the spring in the 
pasture, across at the long ranks of corn, and 
at the golden field of oats, waiting impatiently 
for the reapers, and sang: 

"On Jordan's stormy banks I stand, 

And cast a w istful eye 
To Canaan's fair and happy land, 

Where my possessions lie." 
While like a benediction came chanting into 
his song the mourning dove and grandma's 
"Zion:" 

"Has thy night been long and mournful!' 
Have thy friends unfaithful proved.' 
Have thy foes been proud and scornful, 
By thy sighs and tears unmoved; 

( ease thy mourning? 
/ion still is well bsloved. " 

DOXOLOGY. 
A rattle of wheels down the carriage drive, a 
chorus of pleasant voices and rippling laughter, 
a cataract of talk, of band box and package and 
sample and price list and news of the friends in 
Peoria; who is dead and who is married, who 
they saw and what they said— the girls have 
returned from town, the service of song is over 
and his last hymn mingling with the joyous 
laughter and merry chatter of his girls. As he 
drove the horses over to the barn, I beard grand- 
father softly singing to "Ortonville:" 
"Why should the children of a King 
Go mourning all their days?" 

Robffl J. Bvrdetle, hi BrooHyn Eatfli . 



The Dark Hour. 

" It's no use, Becky," said the little lame 
cobbler, dropping his head upon his hands and 
looking, as lie felt, the personification of de- 
spair. " I've offended the Lord somehow, and 
He won't let me have a chance to keep a home 
over your heads. I know I'm not all I ought to 
be, and I'm punished." 

Becky went across the room ami patted her 
husband on the back. 

" Now don't take on, Nick, don't," she said. 
"That can't be, for He as knows all knows how 
good you are. Better times 'II come. They're 
sure to, and you'll be rewarded for all your 
patience yet. ' The darkest hour is just before 
day?'" 

The cobbler shook his head. 

" I've gi'n up hope, Becky," he said, "what 
with the rent and the bill for medicine. It was 
like me to get sick just at the worst, and no 
work coming in, and the new shop with the gilt 
sign tempting folks from our shabby bisenient 
even for the mending of their old shoes. I'm 
crushed down. Why, you are as thin and 
white as a ghost. You haven't tasted meat 
this week, Becky." 

"No more have you," said Becky. "But 
la ! why there is folks thinks meat uiihulsome. 
Wegetarians, Nick, they call 'em. Where I 
lived out once I saw one." 

"Did he say bread was unhulsome, too?" 
asked Nick. "Oh, gal, I wish I'd left ye living 
out at service, rosy and bright and happy; but 
I meant to do better, I did. If I was an able- 
bodied man I'd work somehow and somewhere, 



but it's the last or nothing with me. Becky, 
why didn't you take Tim Kolf, the wheel 
wright, and send the little limping cobbler 
about his business?" 

"I don't like Tim," said Becky, "and I just 
knew how nice and cosey we'd be together. 
Never a quarrel, Nick. And how we used to 
go to Hoboken and have lemonade in the gar- 
den, and come home arter dark an afternoon, 
and how we used to go to church Sunday morn- 
ing, in clothes as good as any one's." 

"Used," sighed poor Nick. 

"Why, it can't be all up hill," said Becky. 
"I haven't time to go out gallivanting now, 
but, la, 1 don't miss it. We're steady married 
folks now, you know." 

"Oh, Becky," said the cobbler, "you try to 
keep up heart, but you know its come to starv- 
ing." 

They looked at each- other, and then Becky 
put her arms about her husband. She did not 
weep upon his bosom; she was so big and strong, 
and he so small and frail that it only seemed 
natural to reverse matters. She hugged him up 
to her shoulder and covered his head over 
with her apron, and put her cheek 
down outside the bundle thus made, 
and soothed and patted him as if he 
had been a baby. But she cried, too, and the 
apron was wet through in no time. 

It was a bad state of things. No money, no 
food, no fire, and winter at its coldest; the 
children sent to school breakfastless for the 
sake of the warmth and comfort of the school- 
house: no work to be had : the little cobbler as 
helpless as man could well be, except at his 
trade, and Becky 's washing stopped, for Heaven 
only knew how long, by a great felon in the 
palm of her right hand. But Becky loved the 
queer little mortal she had married so well that 
she stopped crying first, and picked up his head 
and patted it, and kissed him between the eyes 
—great, frightened, light-blue eyes, that seem- 
ed made for crying. 

"You stay home and mind the place," she 
said. "I'm going out a while. Perhaps there'll 
be a bit of luck — who knows?" 

She put on her bonnet and shawl — such a 
thin little shawl, which had been used for an 
ironing cloth, and had an iron-shaped scorch 
between the shoulders — and took up a basket. 

The cobbler looked at her. «, 

"Becky!" he said, hoarsely; "Becky!" 

She knew just what he meani,. 

"The little children, Nick," she said; "we 
could starve but them poor little critters. 
Nick, it won't seem like begging when it's for 
them." 

And then the door shut behind her, and poor 
Nick limped after her, as though to stop her, 
then paused and fairly flung himself down upon 
the floor, wishing he were under the ground 
beneath it. 

"God forgive the man that married a woman 
to starve her," he sobbed. "Why, if I'd known 
it would have come to this I'd never have 
courted her. It's time I was dead." 

Perhaps, being a strange, impulsive little 
fellow, there might have been a tragic end to 
this scene but that the children came in from 
school and began to cry, partly at the sight of 
their prostrate father, partly because of hunger, 
and Nick forgot himself to Jo what he could 
for them. 

lie had no dinner, but he had a great deal of 
love to give them, and some pieces of red kid. 
Only the youngest chewed the kid. And the 
fact that "mother' and the basket were gone 
together impressed them with a hope of pro- 
visions. 

Meanwhile 15ccky had gone a-begging. It 
would be horrible, no doubt, she thought, to 
take food from strangers: but she found there 
was one thing even more terrible not to 
take it. 

Door after door was slammed in her face. 
Once a dog was set after her, or she thought so. 
Professional beggars had made themselves nui- 
sances to many people, and how were they to 
know real poverty when it asked alms? Men 
whom they had pitied as paupers proved to be 
owners of real estate, t 'ripples and blind men 
whom they had aided were found to have bound 
up strong limbs and glued their eyes together - 
so they were hard upon real distress and refused 
it broken bread. 

At six that evening Becky .-t i 1 at a street 
corner with one crust in her ha ket -no more. 

Beyond lay a pawnbroker's shop, and Becky 
looked at its golden balls and at her wedding 
ring. She had worn it fifteen years, and it was 
thin and frail, but pure gold. Through all she 
had kept it until now. Must it go ? The 
thought was worse than begging. 

Becky took a step forward, another bock. 
Then she began to cry a little. Nick's ring 
that he put on her hand so long -oh dear, oh 
dear ! 

But she grew brave again, and walked into 
the shop and pawned her ring. It was not 
much they gave her for it, but it would buy 
supper, and perhaps Nick wouldn't notice, and 
perhaps she could get it bae'r. That was a 
very faint "perhaps," however. 

A woman was in the pawn shop as she waited, 
bargaining with the proprietor over a suit of 
little girl s clothing- costly things, strangely 
out of place in her hands. Becky noticed this, 
saying to herself that they were never fairly 
come by. But she had forgotten all al>out it 
when, coming out of the baker's, a little voice 
fell on her ear, and, looking down, she saw a 
barefoot child of four, in wretched rags, sob- 
bing piteously. 

Becky was soft of heart; but in her poor 
quarters crying children were common enough, 



July 12, 1884,1 



fAeiFie f^URAL PRESS. 



31 



for some- 
If I'd left 

Then Becky must Deeds stop and | the little lost "beggar's child, as I thought it, in 

the street, and never stopped to care for it- 



nd her own were waiting for the loaves in her ness to anyone," says Becky often, 
ket. She walked on hastily, and so upset | how you always are rewarded for it. 
e toddler, 
ick her up 



'Why don't you go home to your mother this I might have done in such trouble— where 



night time,"' she asked, "and not be standing 
here to be knocked down ?" 

And a little silver thread of a voice answered: 
"I can't find mamma. I can't find my home. 
Where is mamma? Oh, mamma!" 

Becky knelt down. A white head of crumpled 
curls and a pair of blue eyes swimming in tears 
she could just make out. 

But the child could tell nothiug. ft was 
plainly lost. Becky took it in her arms and 
made inquiries at trie corner grocery, where she 
"bought a slice of ham; but no one knew the 
child. It was growing late, too, and Bec«y 
could not leave it to its fate. 

"I'll take it home," said she, "and to morrow 
find its folks." 

So, wheu the cobbler and Ids children saw the 
door open at last, there entered by il not only 
their mother and a basket, but a baby also. 

A new baby came frequently to this estab- 
lishment, and the children, in their juvenile 
view of such matters, opined that they had 
"another little sister." 

"It's a poor lost child," said Becky. "I'm 
going to keep it to night. Its parents are 
poorer than we are; you can see that by its bare 
feet and only one little frock, poor thing! Now 
hold her, Nick, while I cook supper. I didn't 
beg it, Nick, so don't fret." 

And then, keeping her ring finger out of 
sight, Becky fried the ham and made gravy and 
cut bread, and sent for two cents' worth of 1 
milk — which, judiciously diluted, made a quart 
of milk and water and tried to be very cheerful. 

The lost child cried, but Becky fed it and soon 
coaxed it to talk; then came a story of a "bu 
dess" and a "nassy woman. " 

The youngest, who had chewed the red kid, 
acted as interpreter. Soon it was "discovered 
that some woman, described as "nasty," had 
taken away the child's blue dress and other 
garments, and had whipped her. 
Reeky listened intently. 

"That dress was blue, Nick," she cried. "I 
knew it wam't hers a tipsy, ragged woman; 
and folks that own them things don't come to 
pawning. I — " 

Then she paused, the secret was out. Nick's 
eyes had danced toward her wedding-ring, and 
back again to her face. 

"Oh, Becky!" he cried. "Becky, we didn't 
think — " 

Becky flushed scarlet. 

"I didn't mean to tell," she said; "but now 
its out; I'm married all the same, thank God. 
It was at the pawnshop 1 saw the blue dress." 
And she told them of the woman whom she had 
watched and of her suspicions. "The child 
has been stole, Nick," she said. It's a genteel 
child, you can see; and if we can but find its 
name out, we may save some one trouble we've 
never had. Think of one of ours being gone all 
night, Nick." 

The baby's name seemed to be Minnie Smith, 
though " M. S." might be anything else; and 
putting the children all to bed, all in a row, 
like the little ogres in the fairy tales, save that 
they had no crowns on, Nick and his wife 
started off to the pawnbroker's. 

The man was good-natured, and looked at the 
garments. They were marked M . S. 

" I'm right, then,' said Becky. " They are 
the child's, and they were stole. And if we can 
but find its poor mother, we'll save her more 
than any but a mother can tell." 

" But think of all the Smiths," said the 
pawnbroker. " There's thousands of 'em 

"And thousands," said Reeky. " But diese 
men the police — they may know." 

And out went Nick and Becky to question 
the guardians of the night, until at last, de- 
spairing of an answer, they were turning home- 
ward, when a blaze of light from an open door 
fell over them, and they saw on the steps a 
weeping woman and a tall, handsome man. 

"Hush ! we will find her if she is alive," said 
the man. 

"My precious little Minnie!" cried the 
woman. 

Then Nick and Becky gave a sort of little 
cheer in unison. 

"It's; them," said Becky; "them, certain 
sure. Oh, mum, if your name is Smith, and 
you've lost a little girl, we'vefound her." 

And then the cobbler and his wife were 
pounced upon and the story told. 

In half an hour the six poor little ogres with- 
out crowns were aroused from their slumbers 
by an arrival, and the odd baby in their midst 
was taken out, to their distress and consterna- 
tion, for they had counted on keeping her. 

And Nick anil Becky forgot their own 
troubles in the parents' joy. And Nick said it 
was "like poetry," and Becky said it was "like 
a play." 

And so it was one with a happy ending 
for what should the lady do but beg and 
pray Becky to tell her what she would 
like best, and Becky confessed that to 
have her wedding ring back was the hope 
of her life; and this led to the cause of its 
pawning, and all the story of poverty and sor- 
row. Then the dark hours ended and day 
broke; and there was food in the house and fire: 
and as it happened that baby Minnie's father 
needed just such an honest man for such work 
as poor Nick could do, he gave the place to the 
cobbler; and from that day there was enough 
and to spare in the little home, because of the 
simple goodness shown baby Minnie. 

"So it's never time thrown away to do a kind- 



would Nick have been and the children and me 
this night? Not that I did anything but what 
a < hristian ought, but see how we were paid for 
it." 



"Y'oujnig Bolks' QpLUJVIr<. 



Afloat on the Columbia. 

| Written for RtniAL Pkkss by AQNHB A i, m bkrii . ] 
"Hello! Come down to the river with me 

Nellie!" Johnnie Rudolph said this as he met 

me in the hail 

"1 don't know, I will have to ask mamma 

first." 

"All right do!" said Johnnie. 

So we rushed into the sitting room pell mell, 
upsetting a small table with a few china cups 
and saucers on it and of course they broke. 
Did you ever see a dish that wouldn't' 1 am 
sure I never did. Mamma looked up in dis- 
may and said, "Oh children!" 

"Oh mamma, can I go down to the river with 
Johnnie?" 

"I don't know I just wanted you to take 
care of Baby." 

"Oh mamma, can't Bridget do it." 

"I let Bridget go away for a week." 

"But can't I go down a little while, just the 
least little while?" I pleaded. 

"Yes go, but come home in time for lunch!'' 

"Yes, we will; good bye." And Johnnie 
and 1 trudged out in the sunshine. 

"Won't we have fun, Johnnie?" 

"Won't we though?" said Johnnie. "Your 
mother is a brick." 

"Oh Johnnie, what a fib! She's a real live 
woman like your mother." 

"You know very well what I mean. You 
don't need to be so provoking, Nellie." 

"Look at Mount Hood, isn't it lovely? Don't 
you wish you were on it?" 

"I guess I do, wouldn't it be fun? Just 
think of it. We could have a snowball fight 
every day of our lives," said Johnnie. 

"Yes and we would camp out just like Indians 
and live in wigwams; wouldn't it to fun," and I 
clapped my hands at the hare ulea. 

"I tell you what," said Johnnie "when I 
grow up I'm going to be a sailor or a captain 
and run away to sea." 

"'Sposin' your mother wont let you." 

"Do you suppose I'm going to mind my 
mother when I grow up" and Johnnie snapped 
his fingers in my face. 

"Why yes of course I always mind my 
mother" I answered. 

"Oh — ho miss, you're just as bad as I am. 
Didn't I see your mother scouring all over the 
yard after you only yesterday. I bet she 
wanted you to do something for her then." 

"Yes, but I didn't do it." 

"Why how did you ebcape?" asked Johnny 
getting interested. 

"I ran and hid in the kiln." 

"Didn't the men catch you? 

"No." 

"What did it look like inside?" 

"Oh it had a big fire in the middle and the 
bricks were just as black as they could be. I 
shouldn't think Mr. Smith would allow them 
to burn the bricks so." 

"Oh, they cant help it," Johnnie replied. 

Just then w» got to the stairs leading 
down to the river's edge. It was a lovely place; 
on one side rolled the river, on the other side 
rose the steep embankment with ferns and 
thimble-berries growing on it: and wild flowers 
and moss and grass sprinkled over it. Some 
rocks and trees hid the ferryboat from view; 
and only a single boat rocked on the clear 
water. How lovely, I sighed. 

"GetinNelland we'll havesome fun." I jumped 
into the boat. 

"I'll tell you what," said Johnnie "I'll becap- 
taiu and you be the lady passengers." 

"But I am only one, so how can I be passen- 
gers?" I said. 

"Well this fish rod will he .mother," produc- 
ing it from the bottom of the boat, "you hold 
it." 

I clasped the slender passenger around the 
waist with my two hands. 

"Now pretend there's a storm, and yon must 
wring your hands and cry help! help! the ship 
is sinking." 

1 did as I was bid, while Johnnie rocked till 
the water splashed over the sides and the boat 
threatened to capsize in earnest. 

"A sail, a sail," cried Johnnie, "a ship's com 
ing to the rescue; cheer up ladies, cheer up!" 

1 looked up. "Oh Johnnie!" 

"What's the matter now?" he asked. 

"You've jerked the stake up, and the boat is 
floating away." Sure enough it was, and in 
five minutes we were in the middle of the river, 
going down with the stream. Johnnie sat 
down at one end of the boat, put his chin in 
his hands, and looked at me steadily for a few 
minutes. Then his whole face brightened; and 
he said: "Say. didn't you want to go to Mount 
Hood?" 

I "Yes, but we can't get there this way," I 
answered. 

"Yes, we can; that's all girls know." 

"Bat girls can remember better than hoys 
can," I retorted ; " and how are we going to 



get there anyway?" "Why," said Johnnie, 
"its just as easy ; you know we can sail out of 
the Willamette river into the Columbia river ; 
just turn that bend of land or point, whatever 
you call it." 

"It is a peninsula," I said. 
"Well, turn that peninsula and sail down the 
river until we reach the mountain, then tie our 
boat to a tree and we're there." 

It was easily said, but not so easily done. We 
floated past the little town of Albany, past the 
saw mill, a few more houses, and then there 
was nothing but fine woods on either side of us. 
We had passed Vancouver, and none saw us. Oh, 
will lever forget that day ! K very thing was twice 
as lovely as it ever was; the sun never seemed to 
shine so brightly as it did that day. The river 
never laughed and rippled with such a musical 
sound before; the birds never sang so sweetly, 
and Mt. Hood never sparkled and glistened in 
the sun and never dazzled us so before. Just 
then the beautiful story of the "Rainbow City" 
or the "Silver Lilies" came back to my mind. 
I imagined myself the Prince, floating down on 
the river in the boat. On the left hand side 
was the Rainbow City. The tallest pine tree 
was the black tree that threw the blanches 
oyer the city, so as not to let in the sunshine, 
or the rainbow, either. Mt. Hood was the cas- 
tle with the green serpent crawling around, 
and the lovely I'rincess was shut up inside, and 
I was going to rescue her, when Johnnie broke 
in upon my reverie. Kverything faded, and 
Johnnie spoiled it all by asking the silliest of 
questions. 

"Say, what was the name of the King who 
had the army that your father was Ueneral in?" 
"I forget," I replied. 

"Oh, 1 thought girls never forgot anything, - ' 
sneered Johnnie. 

I had an angry answer on my tongue, when 
we suddenly turned the point or peninsula, and 
spun into the Columbia river. It was grand 
going down that river. We went a great deal 
faster than we did in the Willamette, although 
it was so solemn. Half an hour we floated 
down the river, Mount Hood getting nearer 
and nearer. Y\ e splashed in the water, watched 
the fishes swimming about, and glancing up now 
and then to see how near we were to that cloud 
capped peak, when all at once a deafening roar 
rent the air; but it didn't stop just there, but 
kept on roaring. 

"What's that, Johnnie," I asked I screamed 
rather. 

"Look," cried Johnnie, "oh, look!" 
I looked where Johnnie pointed and saw the 
river foaming, dashing, leaping against the 
rocks. The spray dashed into the air as the 
waters struck. We had left the clear, tranquil 
river behind us, and now we were rushing into 
the troubled waters. In a few minutes more, 
our frail craft would be dashed to pieces, and 
we would be beneath the waters cold and 
still. 

"Scream as loud as you can," said Johnnie. I 
did. I screamed until I sank exhausted in the 
bottom of the boat. What good did it do? I 
began to murmur, "Now I lay me down to 
sleep. " Just as I finished that line the boat 
jerked, spun around and leaped forward. I 
shut my eyes tight, but a scream from Johnnie 
made me open them again. Two sad and wiser 
children walked up the plank walk towards 
their home the next dav, and those two were 
Johnnie and I. 



no delusion. He does not act, or suppose In 
self to act, under an "influence." lie simpK 
wants to die, and, perhaps, not until after he 
has made an attempt to kill himself will he ex- 
hibit any of the formulated symptoms of men- 
tal disease. 



Scarlet Fever by Post and by Ick. A 
correspondent of the Medial and Surgical He- 
/>or/er narrates a case where it seems tolerably 
certain that scarlet fever was transmitted by 
means of a letter. At least there is much less 
room for doubt than in many cases where such 
a course is popularly assigned. The outbreak 
was in a country house half a mile distant from 
the nearest neighbor, and the family had occu- 
pied the house for three years; the children had 
not been away from the farm for two months, 
no one had been in the house who had the 
fever, or been where it was. In fact no case of 
the disease had been known or heard of by the 
physician for some months anywhere in the 
county. It appeared, however, that the 
mother had received a lettpr from her brother 
only a short time before, stating that his fami- 
ly had just lost a child from scarlet fever. 
This letter contained a photograph. The letter 
was received only seven days before the first 
child was taken sick, and the children all han- 
dled the letter and the photograph. A news- 
paper reports that scarlet fever has been spread- 
ing in ( I loucester City by school children hav- 
ing eaten ice which had been used by an under- 
taker on the body of a person dead of the dis- 
ease. The children picked up the ice in tie- 
street. 



(g>OOD JiEALTJH. 



Ciniiers in tmk Kve. — One of the minor 
trials in railway travels arises from cinders in 
the eye. A simple and effective cure may be 
found in one or two grains of flaxseed, which 
can be placed in the eye without pain or injury. 
As they dissolve, a glutinous substance is 
formed, which envelops any foreign body that 
may be under the lid, and the whole is easily 
washed out. A dozen of these seeds should 
constitute a part of every traveler's outfit. 



Suicide and Sleeplessness. 

The circumstances attending the recent death 
of the Dean of Bangor albeit they arc infin- 
itely distressing — present no novel features. 
The reverend gentleman, according to the Lan- 
cet, was a man of considerable intellectual 
"power," which is the same thing as saying that 
he was constitutionally liable to intervals of 
mental depression. All highly intellectual men 
are exposed to this evil. A pendulum will 
always swing just as far in one direction as it 
does in the other. Great power of mind hti 
plies also great weakness under certain condi 
tions. The marvel is not that great minds oc 
casionally become deranged, but that they so 
often escape derangement. Sleeplessness means 
not merely unrest, but starvation of the cere- 
brum. The brain cannot recuperate, or, in 
other words, it cannot rest. Physiologically, 
recuperation and rest are the same thing. Sleep 
is simply physiological rest. The only cause 
for regret in these cases is that the blunder 
should ever be committed of supposing that a 
stupefying drug, which throws the brain into a 
condition that mimics and burlesques sleep can 
do good. It is deceptive to give narcotics in a 
case of this type. The stupor simply masks the 
danger. Better far let the insomnious patient 
exhaust himself than stupefy him. Chloral, 
bromide, and the rest of the poisons that pro 
duce a semblance of sleep are so many snares in 
such oases. 

Sleeplessness is a malady of the most formid 
able character, but it is not to be treated by in 
toxicating the organ upon which the stress of 
the trouble falls. Suicide, which occurs at tin 

very outset of derangement and is apt to appear 
a sane act, is the logical issue of failure of nu- 
trition that results from want of sleep. It is 
curious to note how a sleepless patient will set 
to work with all the calmness and forethought 
of intelligent sanity to compass his death. He 
is not insane in anj technical sense. He has 



X)ojviESTie GfeOJMOjvlY. 



A Pig in Jelly. — Set on a stewpan with a 
calf's foot, split, and a quart of water; let this 
stew gently a considerable time, then put in a 
small pig cut into quarters; put in the feet, add 
three or four blades of mace, fourcloves, a little 
grated lemon peel and some salt; let this boil 
for some time over a slow fire; then put in a 
pint of strong white wine and the juice of four 
lemons; let it boil two hours; then lay the pig 
in a dish, strain oft' the liquor and set it by to 
cool: then take off the fat at the top and the 
settlings from the bottom; let the pig be cold: 
then warm the jelly and pour it over the pig, 
and let it again stand to get cold. Serve it up 
as a cold dish. Garnish with fresh parsley 
and pieces of lemon cut small with the peel 
upon them. 

FRENCH Rolls. Take a pint and a half of 
milk, which has been made quite warm, but 
not hot; stir into it half a pint of small-beer 
yeast, and add enough flour to make it into a 
thick batter. Put it into a pan, covering it 
over, and keep it in a warm place. When it 
has risen as high as it will, add a quarter of a 
pint of warm water and one-half ounce of salt: 
mix thcin well together; rub into a little Hour 
two ounces of butter; then make the dough, not 
too stiff. Let it stand for three-quarters of an 
hour, and it will be ready to make into rolls. 
Let them stand till they have risen, and bake 
them in a quick oven. 

Rhubarb Mold, — Take one quart of red 
rhubarb and cut it in pieces; put it in a sauce- 
pan with a lid, and let it boil till quite a pulp; 
melt a half-ounce of gelatine in hot water: 
when dissolved put it with one pound of pow- 
dered white sugar to the rhubarb, and boil for 
fifteen minutes; add a few drops of essence of 
lemon; pour the rhubarb into a mold. Next 
day dip the mold in hot water, turn out into a 
glass dish, pour round it some custard made as 
follows: The yolks of two eggs, a tumbler of 
milk, four lumps of sugar; simmer till thick: 
add a few drops of esseuce of vanilla. 

Fish in White Sauce. Flake up cold-boiled 
halibut and set the plate into the steamer, that 
the tish may heat without drying. Boil the 
bones and skin of the fish with a very small 
piece of red pepper; a bit of this as large as a 
kernel of coffee will make the sauce quite as 
hot as most people like it. Boil this stock 
down to half a pint, thicken with one teaspoon- 
fnl of butter and one tcaspoonful of Hour braided 
together. Add one drop of extract of almond; 
pour this sauce over your halibut and stick bits 
of parsley over it. 

Never Fwunc Cake, — Three-quarters of a 
pound of butter, one pound of sugar, one pound 
of flour, eight eggs. Cream the butter and 
sugar together; add a handful of Hour and two 
eggs, then another handful of flour and eggs, 
ami so on, until the ingredients are mixed to 
gether. Flavor as you like. Beat well each 
time and bake in a one-pound mould. 

Cookies tob LonchkoS, One pint of flour 
mixed with the yolk of one egg: sweeten with a 
cup of soft brown sugar, flavor with any favor- 
ite seasoning, mace or nutmeg or cinnamon. 
Roll out quite thin and cat in fancy shapes. 
Bake quickly. 



PAOIFIG f^URAL PRESS. 




A. T. DKWKY. W. B. KWKK. 

Published by DEWEY & CO. 

fiiee, 868 Market St., N. E.cor. Front St., ft. F. 

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Our latent forms go to press Wednesday evening. 



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SAN FRANCISCO: 

Saturday, July 12, 1884. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



EDITORIALS. -Tlie Harvest; July: A Cotton Pick 

Ing Machine, 25. The Week: Agriculture at the 

University. 32 I* our climate Chiiir/inx; California 

at the World s Fair, 33 
ILLUSTRATIONS. - A Midsummer Scene, 25. 

California Military Academy, Oakland, 33. 
E NTOMOLOGIC AL.— The Codlio .Moth and the 

Mains; Injecting Quicksilver for Tree Pests; Strawberry 

Borers and Strawberry Bust; I'ear Staff! and Wi.nly 

Aphis; Hoppers and Fl oes. 32. 
QUERIES AND REPLIES. -Prune d'Ente; Apri- 
cot on Almond, 32 
HORTICULTURE. —Meeting of the State ilortieul. 

rural Society; Taxation of Fruit Trees and Vines, 26. 
POULTRY YARD. Poultry on drain Farms, 26. 
•SHEEP AND WOOL. - Sheepherdii.jf on the Pa 

ciflc Coast, 26. 
THE VINEYARD -The Tariff on Raising; Securing 

Adequate Labor Supply. 27. 
PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY. - Belxutouol 

Fourth of .luh Picnic; Camp Cajiitola: The Country 

and the Orange, 28. 
AGRICULTURAL NOTES - From the various 

counties of California, 28 29. 
THE HOME CIRCLE. —Peace (Poetry); A Service 

of Son? in the Country: The ])ark Hour, 30. 
YOUNG FOLKS' COLUMN.-AHo.it on the Co- 

luinbia. 31- 

GOOD HEALTH. Suicide and sleeplessness; Scarlet 
Fever by Post and by lee; Cinders in the Eve, 31. 

DOMESTIC ECONOMY.-A Pig in Jolly; French 
Rolls; Khubarh Mold; Fish in White Sauce; Never- 
Failing Cake; Cookies and Luncheon , 31 . 



Business Announcements. 

Kugiitea Mitchell, Fischer & Kctschcr, Oakland, ( 'al 
Collegiate Institute— A. B. Lasher, Napa City, Cel. 
Druggists— J. K. Gates & Co.. S. F. 
Angora Coats Julius W'cyatid, Little Stony, CM. 

tsr .fee Advertising Columns. 



The Week. 



We seem now to be drifting out of the urea 
of uncertainty as to the weather anil into the 
region of steady summer heat and drouth. 
The last few days has reminded the go as-you- 
please residents of the interior that it is time 
lor them to occupy their seaside cottages and 
tents and hotels, ami it has reminded the 
others, who cannot go as they please, that the 
heavy harvest work, in field and farm house, 
must l>e braved and beaten. It is a time of 
great activity in all lines of agriculture and the 
thermometer may be looked at and scowled at, 
but no relief comes until the harvest and the 
heat disappear in company. 

Aside from productive work the greatest 
activity now is in the political arena. This 
week the Democrats are striving together in 
National Convention at Chicago just as the 
Republicans labored a month ago. Then the 
issue will be carried to the utmost borders of 
the country, and a campaign of the usual 
activity and interest may be expected to fill the 
uiitunin months. 



Sixteen PAQBS. — AVe give our readers a lit- 
tle rest by dropping the Pkkss for this week 
back to its old size of lt> pages. This occurred 
only once in the last vo'ume. It is a sort of 
relief to ouv type and presses— something like 
.. thin coat on a hot day — and is therefore ap- 
propriate to the season, 



Agriculture at the University. 

From the proceedings at the Regents meeting 
on Tuesday of this week there is reason to be- 
lieve that the agricultural departments of in- 
struction are to be extended to some extent at 
least. It will be remembered that there was a 
special committee appointed some time ago to 
report on the needs and condition of the ( 'ollcge 
of Agriculture. This committee consists, if we 
mistake not, of Messrs. Larue, Kinigan and 
I'helps. They are all acquainted with the 
agriculture of the State, and aware of its 
needs. At the meeting on Tuesday they pre- 
sented a report containing the following sug- 
gestions: 1 here should be a lecturer on veter- 
inary science and he should be required to 
lecture at the university and occasionally 
elsewhere. The State Entomologist, when 
appointed, and the officers of the State Horti- 
cultural ajul Viticulture! Commission should l>e 
invited to lecture at the university on their 
respective specialties. The Secretary was in- 
structed to request Dr. Da Tavel to deliver 
lectures on veterinary science. 

These suggestions are good enough as far as 
they go, and perhaps under the circumstances 
it is the best that can be done, but by right the 
matter should appear in different form. The 
< 'ollege of Agriculture should have a professor 
of entomology, it should have a professor of 
veterinary science, and it should be manned and 
equipped in other directions as was content 
plated by the act of organization under which 
it came into existence. The agricultural colleges 
of several of the Eastern States are provided 
with these specialists and they are doing diligent 
and valuable work. 

The R agents at the meeting of Tuesday did 
well in re appointing ('. tl. Dwindle as lecturer 
on practical agriculture. Mr. Dwinelle i-t using 
his vacation wisely in going about iu the farm 
ing districts of the State and acquainting him- 
self with prevailing conditions and practices. 
The Regents also invited Mr. Wickson to 
deliver a short course of lectures on dairy hus- 
bandry. 

The next year at the I'niversity will open 
the second week of August. The applications 
for admission at the .lune examinations were 
goodly in number, and the prospects for the 
in-coming class are excellent. Other examina- 
tions will be held at the opening in August. It 
will be timely to repeat for the information of 
those who may not be prepared to take a full 
course in the institution, that provision is made 
for such students. Those applicants of suitable 
age, who can pass an examination showing that 
they arc qualified to profit by the instruction 
given, are allowed, under the advice of the 
faculty, to make up a "partial course" from the 
essentially agricultural studies, and such other 
topics as may be most important in view of 
previous attainments. Graduates of high 
schools, .academies and other institutions giv- 
ing thorough drill in the usual English studies 
and a fair start in the natural sciences, can in 
two years acquire that which should lie of great 
value to those who wish to pursue agriculture 
intelligently. 

The privilege of being a " special student ' 
of one or more subjects without a full schedule 
is granted only to those of mature character 
and age. Although these two classes of stu 
dents are not candidates for degrees, they can, 
ou leaving, obtain certificates showing what 
studies have been pursued and with what suc- 
cess. Students who work in the analytical 
laboratories are charged for chemicals and 
other materials used. 

Persons not members of the I'niversity may 
obtain permission to attend any course of lec- 
tures by application to the faculty or to the 
lecturer, giving the course. Thus the institu- 
tion is open to those who cannot avail them- 
sdvesof all its benefits, and the accommodating 
conditions arranged by the faculty should lead 
all who can to enroll themselves for the coming 
year. 

This PkBBCH IS thk East.— France is mak- 
ing rapid progress in commercial and colonial 
enterprise. That country is losing no time in 
turning her K.astern conquests to some practi- 
cal account. She is gradually taking Madagas- 
car within her embrace, now that troops can be 
spared from Tonquin for this purpose, and at 
this latter point she is proceeding to establish 
commercial relations without delay. A dif- 
ferential duty of 20 per cent will probably be 
collected on all foreign imports. France thus 
holds the key to Southern China, 



0NTOJv1OLOGieAL>. 



The Cotllin Moth and the Rains. 

Editors Press: How do fruit growing read- 
ers find the t-odlin moth affected by the late 
heavy rains'; 1 should like to hear what their 
experiences are, if they have investigated the 
condition of that pest. 1 take considerable in- 
terest in it, and consequently have sought dili- 
gently to find him in his favorite haunts, with 
but little success. I have opened over one hun- 
dred apples within the last week, every one of 
which was marked with the well known mark, 
and thus far found but one live worm (and he 
very feeble.) The most of them had just started 
their burrow, and apparently died and the 
wound dried up ; others had penetrated 
some distance iu the fruit, to apparently be 
drowned by the excess of moisture or juhe of 
the fruit, the hole not only filled with water, 
but the fruit water-cored around the burrow 
and the larva dead. I would like to hear from 
others, to know if any have had the same ex- 
perience. I have seen but few of the moths 
flying around, and those few scudding along 
just above the ground until they get under an 
apple tree, when, true to their instincts, they 
go up like a balloon to the top of the tree, and 
j,o diligently to their work of destruction, but 
with little result so far I with me), although the 
second crop may do better for the propagation 
of their species. Wll. H. JESSITP, ffttjfttxird. 

Injecting Quicksilver for Tree Pests. 

Editors Pkkss: — Mrs. A. Ross, near Penryn, 
says about six. years ago she saw in the Rt'K-u, 
Pkkss a statement of a correspondent that quick- 
silver injected into a fruit tree would kill 
worms and other insects infesting the bark. It 
was in the summer season, and her apricots, 
cherries and plums were being badly injured by 
some kind of insect (to her unknown) in the 
bark. She deemed them past recovery, as the 
leaves were turning yellow. Kor a mere trial, 
however, she tried the experiment on two apri- 
cots, a cherry and a plum; bored a little hole in 
each, downwards from surface, into which she 
injected the quicksilver with a syringe and 
plugged up. Thetrees notmedicated weremined 
and generally died, the bark being completely 
honey combed by the insects, but the ones 
treated as above, recovered rapidly, so much so 
that within three days time she could note the 
change in the color of the leaf. The writer 
was shown these surviving trees, which have 
since the occurrence above recited al! borne 
good crops of fruit, are still alive and in a very 
healthy, thrifty condition considering the ter- 
rible crippling they got before the application 
of quicksilver. — M ., Placer county 

The same alleged remedy was tried by others 
but no successful experience has l>een reported 
except the foregoing. 

Strawberry Borers and Strawberry Rust 

EDITORS Pkkss: — In answer to a letter sent 
S. A. Forties, State Kntomologist, Normal, 111., 
I have the fellowing: 

Your package of specimens, straw berry lea\es and 
crown borers, arrived in due season and in good 
ordei. The insects were new to me. I lie straw- 
berry leau'S are affected with thr strawberry leaf 
rust so common in this country. It Is one of the 
worst diseases of the strawberry, and has ruined 
large fields of certain varieties in southern Illinois 
this spring. It is, as you arc probably aware, a 
fungus parasite, which flourishes a* the expense of 
the plant it infests. I have delayed answering your 
letter in order to refer the strawlierry leaves to the 
best authority y\e have upon these fungus grow ihs, 
Prof. T. J. Burrill, of State University. 

I have a letter from the latter source, re- 
ceived a few weeks ago from the last-named 
authority, in which my idea is corroborated; 
namely, that our irrigated plants owe this in- 
jury largely to wet and irrigated lands. The 
borers, as 1 several months ago announced in 
the Rt'K U Pkkss, are not new in our straw- 
berry fields, neither is the fungoid a new afflic- 
tion to the plants here. We have had it for 
many years; but of the two evils, the borer is 
perhaps the worse. The blight weakens the 
plant, producing small fruit, while the borer 
kills it outright.— I. A. WlLOOX, Camp OttpHdla, 
Sot/uel. July 7th. 

Pear Slugs and Woolly Aphis. 

Editors Press:— Enclosed please find some 
pear leaves with an insect of some kind. Please to 
let me know through the Press what it is and the 
means of destroying it. I first noticed them in the 
wild hawthorn.' They are quite numerous. Also 
please find enclosed apple twigs and leaves, etc. with 
insects on. 1 find them most all on the trunk and 
lower part of the largest limbs and most always 
where 1 pruned the suckers off this spring. Please 
lct.me know the name of the same and best means 
of destroying it. They a~e on about eight trees in an 
orchard of 40 or 50 trees. The orchard is quite old. 
— E. F. Staples, Freestone, Cal. 

Editors Pk-.ss: — Package forwarded by Mr. 
E. F. Staples, of Freestone, at hand. The 
pear tree leaves are infested by the caterpillars 
known as the "Pear Slug." The eggs from 
which these are hatched are deposited by a saw 
iy—Selandria cerasi. Remedies I listing the 
leaves with any kind of fine dust or lime will 
destroy these pests. Spraying the fruit and 
foliage with a solution of on< pound of whale 
oil soap to one gallon of water will destroy 
them. 

I I'nd the woolly aphis on the apple branches. 
Remedies liy wetting thoroughly the infested 
places with whale oil soap or strong home-made 
soft soap, thick enough to apply with a brush, 



[July 12, 1884 



it will destroy the pests, or apply coal oil to 
the spots infested. M.vn m w CoocXj Swrtt- 
tnnUo, Cal. 

Hoppers and Frogs. 

According to local papers millions of grass- 
hoppers hatched out this summer lietween 
Anaheim and the ocean. Farmers were badly 
scared at the prospect, but millions of frogs and 
thousands of black birds are making it lively 
for the hoppers. 



(5 DEFIES >\jNB J^Ef>LIES. 

Prune d'Ente. 

Editors Prehh: — Inquiries in the last num- 
ber of the Ri'kai. asks what prune this is. Du 
lireuil, in his Arbrf$ tt A rln 'cseuur a Fruit tie 
VtthU, mentions a3 synonyms of J'rnne d'Agen, 
Robe de Sargent, Prunier (plum tree) d'Ente. 
Du Rreuil is a recognized authority on fruit 
culture in Krauce. Prunes are carefully sorted 
as to si/e by the packers in Krance, and the 
large si/e of the fruit mentioned by "Inquirer" 
was doubtless due to the fact that he was ex- 
amining fruit of the first quality. 

The prune d'Agen is, according to the best 
authoi itiis, the plum from which the finest 
Krench prunes are made. And Prune d'Agen, 
it may lie remarked, is the correct name of the 
fruit. No books accessible to the writer, either 
French or English, gives the "Petite Krench 
Prune," "Petite Prune d'Agen," "Crosse Prime 
d'Agen," etc., so commonly used in this State. 
All those plums known here as "Crosse Prune," 
"Hungarian Prune," etc., are the old standard 
variety, Pond's Seedling. Let us all stop null 
tiplying the names of our fruits when unneces 
sary. (i. P. Kixford, ,S'<w Francisco. 

Apricot on Almond. 
Editors Press; — In comment upon my state 
no nt that I had a thrifty apricot on almond 
stock three years old, you wished me to see if I 
could not push the tree off at the junction of 
the two woods. It happened that when 1 saw 
your note Rev. Frank Kellogg, of Coleta, was 
at my place, and at my request he examined the 
tree, pulled it back and forth vigorously, and 
thought it would break any other place as 
quickly as at the bud. Several others have 
examined it, pulled it, aud declared it well knit 
together. My impression still exists that there 
is little difficulty in successfully knitting the 
apricot on almond stock. C? MARSHALL, Sum 
mil. Santa liarhara, Cel. 

Small Game. 

Editors Press: This is a fearful season for 
chicken lice, particularly about old buildings. 
1 am trying some louse traps on roosts and 
coops, and think I will soon have some iutt-rest- 
ing facts to report for your poultry department. 

C. A. W., San Jo»<. 



IMPROVING the Prodi'it. — Much more at- 
tention than in the past is now being given by 
our millers to improve the grade of their Hour. 
Most of the large mills in Baltimore and in the 
South either have or will replace their old- 
fashioned machinery with the very best roller 
machinery, while all the new ones that are be- 
ing built are also putting in this kind. By this 
substitution, says a Western milling paper, 
they think that, so far as their machinery and 
their ability to do good work are concerned, 
they willl be fully equal to the best mills in the 
Western States. This they may perhaps do, if 
they can always secure the best material to 
work upon; everything depends on that. The 
amber and long-berry hard winter wheat of 
Maryland and the adjoining States is capable of 
produring very excellent Hour. 

Crackers for Export. — Knglish crackers 
and biscuits are exported to every coun- 
try under the sun, ami it is claimed 
that the finest crackers in the. world are 
made in Eugland. Of late years some very 
fine crackers have been produced in this 
country. Why cannot our California mil- 
lers and bakers turn their attention to the 
manufacture and expoit of crackers and bis 
cuits? No better flour, no better millers and 
no better bakers can be found in any part of 
the world than in California. Why then should 
we send flour to England to lie shipped thence 
all over the world in the form of crackers. 

Slow Grown Timker.— A general im 
pression exists that slow grown timber is 
the strongest, but this opinion does not, it 
is said, stand the test of experiment. There 
is in London a government establishment 
for testing the quality and strength of woods 
and metals used for government purposes, the 
chronicles of which are said to be very interest 
ing. Among other things which have been 
proved there is the fact that fast grown timber, 
oak at least, is the strongest, and bears the 
greatest degree of tension, 



July 12, 1884.] 



pA6!F<e RURAL PRESS. 



33 



Is Our Climate Changing? 

This is a question which is forced upon the 
attention of everyone by their experience of the 
last tew years in this State, and is emphasized 
by the unusual meteorological phenomena of the 
last few months. Certainly things have occur- 
red here which have not happened before during 
the occupancy by the present race of people ; 
and though our records do not go far back, and 
there is, therefore, the possibility of a cycle 
reaching beyond these records, in which similar 
manifestations appeared, still the general 
change of climate may be strongly argued. 
Some observers are very sure of it. for ex- 
ample, our esteemed Tuolumne county corres- 
pun lent .lohn Taylor — who has been here 
from the first, and has watched natural phe 
jiomena very closely, recognizes the events of 
the last year or two as new to this region. Of 
course there is no doubt whatever that climate 
does change. The remains of tropic vegetation 
within the Arctic circle, the traces of glacial 
;i<-tioQ, in wh.it are now the warmest countries, 
show that climate does change, and astrono- 
mers have prescribed the cause thereof ; the only 
question st ems to be as to the speed of the 
change. The great changes which we have 
cited must have taken place very slowly, and 
by no means quickly enough to admit of recog 
nition within the limits of an or- 
dinary life time. Then, how- 
ever, there comes in the idea 
of changes, induced by some 
special and transitory environ- 
ment of our earth, and on this 
point there is room for almost 
limitless speculation. 

Those who enjoy inquiries into 
climatic peculiarities will be 
pleased to know that the ques- 
tion, "Is the climate changing?'' 
is being argued elaborately in 
other lands than ours, and they 
may be pleased to have the con- 
clusions of others to compare 
with their own. We read in the 
Scotsman that William Thomson 
of Clovenfords, who is described 
as a well known authority on 
vine-culture, has written a pam- 
phlet on the question "Is Our 
Climate Deteriorating?" which 
is published by Messrs. William 
Blackwood & Sons. Mr. Thom- 
son does not so much enter upon 
the moot point as to whether 
recent years have pointed to a 
change in our climatic condi- 
tions, but he presents in a con- 
cise form evidence which he 
has gathered from trustworthy 
ources as to the effects of cli- 
mate on vegetation, which he 
very properly regards as a 
sure indication of the char- 
acter of our fickle weather, 
and as showing the result of 
severe winters and hot summers .on the 
produce of the soil. Many people believe 
we are having a return to the glacial epoch 
and they have been encouraged in their belief 
by the freaks of nature in different parts of the 
globe. Mr. Thomson does not go to this length 
in his pamphlet; but in common with a large 
number of persons, he inclines to the idea that 
our modern seasons are on the whole abnormal. 
He quotes from a host of practical corres- 
pondents to show that trees now refuse to grow 
where they once flourished vigorously; while 
fruit crops have also depreciated immensely 
during the last decade at least. In many quar- 
ters, the same fruits cannot be grown now 
under similar conditions as forty years ago, pad 
this is attributed to the want of summer heat 
and the severity of the winters, the concensus 
of opinion being that the seasons are aot so 
favorable for vegetation as they wwre some 
years ago. Mr. Thomson makes am interest- 
ing reference to the decline of the growth of 
the favored class of apples in America, owing 
to a change of climate, and mentions the re- 
markable circumstance that a Spanish fruit- 
grower had recently requested an Edinburgh 
customer to release him from a contract to sup- 
ply 5,000 boxes of bitter oranges, on the ground 
that nearly all the fruit in the district of Se- 
ville has been destroyed by frost, which was, 
he said, an unprecedented occurrence. The 
author of the pamphlet thus sums up his opin- 
ion of our erratic climate: "It seems to the 
writer that the weather has got curiously mixed 
of late— such a succession of severe storms of 
wind in Britain as no living person can remem- 
ber; this accompanied by mild temperatures, 
while frost and snow are stopping the trainB in 
some of the Southern States of America where 
snow ii seldom seen ; sunsets of the most gor- 
geous description, and earthquakes on the 
most gigantic scale — all pointing to some dis- 
turbance within at least the atmosphere of our 
planet Whether this is the result of stellar 
influence or not, some of our scientific men may 
be able to determine. In the meantime the 
ungenial weather we have had for some years 
has been in large measure the cause of the de- 
pression of the great interest of agriculture, and 
through it all other interests have suffered, and 
will suffer still more if the average temperature 
sinks but a degree lower than it has been of late 
years," 



California at the World's Fair. 

As may be seen by the report of the State 
Horticultural Society meeting on another page, 
there was a disposition among the fruit growers 
present to secure an exhibit of California prod- 
ucts at the coming World's Fair at New 
Orleans, providing arrangements can be made 
to defray expenses of transportation, etc There 
is unusual interest manifested in Fair exhibits 
this year owing to the efforts of several coun- 
ties to prepare for the county competition at 
the State Fair, for the awards so wisely offered 
by the State Board of Agriculture. From these 
county exhibits much desirable material can 
doubtless be had for shipment to New Orleans. 
We believe that the funds needed will not be 
lacking, for the enterprise is in the hands of a 
very energetic and well known citizen, Col. A. 
Andrews, of San Francisco, and ii the money 
can be obtained by subscription or otherwise 
he will net ure it. Mis address before the 
Horticultural Society was so favorably re- 
ceived that the following resolution offered by 
F. C. IfeLong was unanimously adopted. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Society be ten- 
dered to ( 'ol. Andrews, Commissioner for California, 
for the intelligent manner in which he presented the 



Napa Collegiate Institute. 

( .'ommencement week at this well and favor- 
ably known institution for the education of 
young men and women commenced Monday, 
May 20th. Napa City was well filled with vis- 
iting friends and old alumni of the institute, 
and the work of the large attendance of stu- 
dents was most favorably commented upon as 
reflecting great credit upon themselves and the 
numerous able and faithful teachers composing 
the faculty. The programme of the week was 
carried out as follows: Monday, Tuesday and 
Wednesday, examinations. Monday evening, 
exhibition given by the Junior Class at the 
Napa Opera House. This was made up of ora- 
tions, essays and declamations, appropriately 
interspersed with music. Tuesday evening, in- 
formal sociable of old students in the college 
chapel, largely attended and very pleasant. 
Wednesday evening, lecture before the literary 
societies of the institute by Rev. E. R. Dille, of 
San Francisco, subject, '" Books and Reading." 
Thursday morning, at the Opera House, occurred 
the annual commencement exercises. There 
were five graduates in the academic, and twelve 
in (.he commercial course. The following pro- 
gramme was given. Prayer; piano duo, Misses 
l.illie Bell and fji:;zie Stoffles; oration, "Anglo- 
Saxon Knterprise," ( Jeorge Ames, Napa; piano 
solo, M iss ( ! race Norton ; essay. "Past Cost of 
I'resent Good," Miss Sophie Miller, Napa; 
vocal duo, Misses Oraec Norton anil Ressie 




selection, arid the surroundings, as a whole, 
cannot fail to exert a salutary and ennobling 
effect upon the cadets whose mental and physi- 
cal training is conducted under such favorable 
auspices. 

Col. O'Brien devotes his lime and energy to 
the welfare and instruction of the cadets within 
the institution without striving to bring it into 
public notice in any other way than through 
the superior merits evidenced by the number 
and standing of its students. The catalogue, 
which c; n be had on application, contains full 
description of the institution, etc. The princi- 
pal says it is his aim to make this an academy 
where the best culture may be secured to trust- 
worthy students. 

The las. term closed on the 21st day of May, 
at which time the class of '84 graduated. The 
next term begins on the 21st of duly. 

Tin- Harmon Seminary.— This institution, 
for girl' and young Wies, made a good record 
last year, and is popula.' among its patrons. It 
is select and quiet in its character, cordial and 
sympathetic in its relations betw een pupils and 
teachers, and claim? to be exceptionally good 
in the quality of the instruction given in all its 
depaitinents. A catalogue is published, which 
gives a full description of the school. It is lo- 
cated in Berkeley, Alameda county. The next 
year will open July 31st. 

Bowfn's Academy. —~ Bowen's Academy, 
Berkeley, is an institution for the education of 
boys and young men. It is 
located very desirably in a quiet 
part of the town, has large 
grounds and an excellent build 
iug. The principal has had long 
experience in the education and 
care of youth, and aims to give 
them the best instruction, the 
comforts nf a good home, and 
to surround them with good 
influences. The last term was 
very gratifying to all concerned, 
and th> new term will open 
July 14th. 



CALIFORNIA MILITARY ACADEMY, OAKLAND. 



World's Fair project at New Orleans, and the energy 
he exhibits in making known the advantages which 
would accrue to California from a creditable exhibit 
at that exposition. 

It is already known that there will be exten- 
sive displays of special California products by 
several rich firms and individuals who are 
especially interested in bringing their wares be- 
fore the people. Whether there shall be a gen 
eral exhibit, apart from individual business in 
teresta, is a matter yet to be determined. 

Since the meeting of the Horticultural Soci- 
ety we have received the following from I. A. 
Wilcox, of Santa Clara, who was appointed a 
month ago a member of the committee to con- 
sider and report on the fair to the Society : 

Ii. J. Wicksoii, Secretary, etc. — Dear Sir: I fee 1 
that I have partly neglected a duty by absence from 
the Stale Horticultural meeting, which prevented my 
report of what I have done in committee work re- 
lating to State exhibit at the World's Fair the com- 
ing fall. I have nevertheless not been insensible of 
the great importance that a creditable, and therefore 
successful, exhibit would be to the State. I i.ave 
impressed my notions as lest I could in the com- 
mittee of Santa Clara county, but have all the while 
felt the need of much thorough work and consider- 
able money to make the effort a success. In lack of 
this, I now fear, will rest the failure, if failure there 
shall be. California can do, if proper effort were 
made, all sh<" shall undertake, and there never was 
a more inviting occasion for this effort than the pres- 
ent. The effort should be in proportion to its im- 
portance, and it must be a piotnpt and thorough 
one, or we had better throw up the sponge in the 
start. The San Jose Cannery is already booked for 
space, and in that department will, I opine, excel 
anything ever yet done on this contiwent or any- 
where else. 

Home Seminary, San Jose 1 .- The Home 
Seminary for girls and young Ladies at San 
Jose will open the next year August 14th. The 
principal, Miss Castleman, has reason to con- 
gratulate herself upon the standing her school 
has achieved. Daring the coming year she will 
be aided by Miss Ostrom as assijciate principal. 
Miss Ostrom is a graduate fro.n the Collegiate 
School, New York City; also from the Cooper 
Institute, ArtSchool and Conservatory of Music. 
Her work on this coast has received the prize 
and gold medal at the State and County Fairs , 



Gibbons; essay, "What Then," Miss Jo ie 
Prouty, (ialt: piano solo, Miss Lou McFailand; 
essay, " I he Ma^na Charta," Miss Laura 
Springsteen, Napa; oration, "Protective Tariff," 
Theo. Schweitzer (representing commercial 
clf.ss) Bozem.m, Montana; vocal solo, Miss Hat- 
tie Norton; oration, "Liberty vs. License," 
Samuel W. Hull, Shasta; piano duo. Misses 
Grace Norton and Mabel Sheldon; address to 
the class and presentation of diplomas, Rev. 
John Coyle. At the close of the exercises, 
Prof. A. E. Lasher, the Principal, made a pleas- 
ant announcement to the effect that the grow- 
ing wants of the institute had rendered it im- 
perative to erect a new additional building dur- 
ing the coming year, at a cost of $40,000, and 
that the plans were already under way. The 
school is out of debt, and has a balance on the 
ri^ht side of the ledger, and is well justified in 
taking this step. Thursday afternoon the an- 
nual alumni banquet was held at the Palace 
Hotel, and was attended by over 100 of the 
alumni and their friends. In the evening there 
was an alumni reunion and reception at the 
Opera House, which was very enjoyable. A 
prominent and beautiful feature of the year's 
work of this institution was found in the art de- 
partment, under the management of Miss E. E. 
Booth, a graduate of the Boston Art School. 
The galleries were thionged each day by admir- 
ing visitors. 

California Military Academy. 

We give on this page a view of the ( 'alifor.iia 
Military Academy — a school for boys and young 
men which achieved a reputation all over the 
coast, under the principal.Jiip of Rev, David 
McClure, and h now being well maintained by 
Cnl \V. H. O'Brien, the present principal. 
( 'ol. O'Brien is widely known as an educator 
and disciplinarian. The buildings, as showe in 
the engraving, are three in number, three stories 
high, and are situated oh • I eautiful eminence 
situated on Telegraph avenue, in the northern 
part of Oakland. The site commands one of 
the rrost extensive and finest view: of the sur- 
rounding country afforded in the limits of the 
city. 

The e: tensive grounds are If id out in artist ic 
designs, filled with a profusion tt lovely 
flower> and shrubbery, including trees of choice 



Hopkins Aoademi . This ex- 
cellent, wel. : eqi ipped, a .d well 
endowed school for boys and 
young men, closed a prnspercus 
ye: r in lu:ie, acd will re-open 
July 25H.fi. It is situated in the 
lorthem part of Oakland, and is 
reached by the Telegraph avenue 
and Broadway lines uf street 
cars. It is upon ,.n eminence 
and amid . o;.rm: : ng surround- 
-t'-fe'S. The faculty is able and 
devoted, and the cave ?nd in- 
struction of young mee praise 
worthy in every respect. 



Shorthorn Sale.— We are 
informed that M. B. Sturges, 
the well known Shorthorn 
breeder of Washington town- 
ship, Alameda count)', has sold 
his entire herd to J. A. Brewer, 
who is an experienced cattle man, and will con- 
tinue the herd iu a skillful manner. The head 
of the herd is Howena's Duke of Airdrie 2d 
a popular bull. Among the herd was "Rose of 
Summer Sth," the mother of all those Alameda 
prize bulls which have l.een taking so many 
premiums at the fairs during the last five or six 
years. We are glad that these fine animals 
have fallen into good hands, so that their ster 
ling quality w ill be preserved for the improve- 
ment of the cattle of the State. 



Friit Specimens kor Exhibition-. — As 
many of our readers may be desirous of preserv- 
ing cheaply fine specimens of perishable fruit 
so that they can be shown at the fairs and else 
where, we give herewith a recipe found excel 
lent by Mrs. N. W. Winton who has had 
experience in the matter. If distilled water 
cannot be had, the water should be boiled. A 
mixture of one-fifth alcohol and four-fifths cold 
water should be poured over the fruit in the 
jar until it overflows. The jar should be then 
covered either with a self-sealing cover, or if in 
jars of gallon capacity, glass stoppers sealed 
with wax may be used. Fruit has been kept in 
this way for years with slight change of color 
and none of texture. No wrinkling of skin or 
shrinkage will be found in any case. 

| One Out of a Hundred Heard From. 

C. Mri.LKK, 13.s Montgomen street, desiies to inform 
our leaders that lie is not the optician interviewed by the 

I Chronicle rcpoiter, issue of February 12th, as lie doe's uot. 

| claim as bis own, nor require Bel linger's Patent Opto- 
meter, Rochester, New York, or any other as bis own in 

' vention. There are man.v pretenders and would-be 
opticians, but very few frank enough to confess it. Sonu- 
opticians claim exclusive mechanical facilities for Butting 
the eye, ami acknowledging their utter incompetency 
when pathological difficulties present themselves. No 
swindling or make-believe pretensions resorted to at my 
establishment Physical ami Physiological Optics are my 
daily study. With over thirty years practical experience, 
1 can confidently solicit all who have eye difficulties to 
avail themselves of my professional services tree of 
charge C. Ml'M.KR, optician, ISO Montgomery street. 

San Francisco, ' « 



Imi'Oria\t additions are being continually made in 
Woodward's Oardens. The grotto walled with aquaria is 
constantly receiving accessions of new fish and other ma 
rine life. The number of sea lions is increased, and there 
is a better chance to study their actions. The pavilion 
has new varieties of performances. The floral depart 
Hu nt is replete, and the wild animals in good vigor, A 
day at Woodward's Oardens Is a day well spent 



fAeiFie RURAL PRESS. 



[July 12, 1884 



Lands for Me apd Jo Let. 



Select Vineyard & Orchard Lands. 

Large Tracts for Colony and Grazing 
Purposes. 

Those desiring to purchase tract" of Vineyard or Or 
chard La,„| near the Bay of San Kr.unisco choice 
quality, improved or unimproved, may obtain Informattoii 
concerning several very select offerings by applying to 
the undersigned. LAKOK TRACTS OF LAND, suit- 
able for colonv or grazing purpose*, in Southern I alitor- 
nia, will also i"- a srjeCTaJty. At present we offer ,l,,o0u 
acres of land in the l ajon ranch, San Diego county, suit 
uble for a fruit growing colon} , at »S per acre; large sub 
divisionsof the same at eipially low price; small segre 
gated tracts of sele.t land at per acre. 

Also 2,(X>0 acres of land suitable for fruit growing, 
without irrigation, at |3$,00Q Other tracts will be -e 
lected in any part of the State upon receiving commis- 
sions for the sen ice; such commission* on behalf of the 
purchaser are solicited. Temporary private offices ot the 
undersigned are at Messrs. Kohler & Frohling s, Mont 
goinerv block, «'26 Montgomery street, San Francisco, or 
at FJCajon hand Company's office, San Diego. 

(•HAS. A. WKTMoUK. 

The Model Settlement of 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA 



Health, Climate and Choice Fruits. 

Map ot tract and copy of Ontario Fruit Grower sent 
free on application . 

Proceedings of Semi-Annual State Couvention of Fruit 
Growers, with Ontario Appendix, giving profits of fruit 
culture, climate and general information, sent on receipt 
of thirty cents in stamps. 

Apply to J. S. CALKINS, Room No. 6, Schumacker 
block, opposite P. O., Los Angeles, or address 

OHAFFEY BROS., 

Ontario. Cal. 



ELSINORE ! 



IN THE NEW FRUIT COLONY ON THE 

C S R. R , 20 miles South of Riverside, titty farms 
A ud one hundred tow n lots have been sold. Prick-, ♦ '''» 
(O $50 per acre. Easv terms. 
*3rsend tor Circulars to the proprietors: 

F. H. HEALD, Wm. COLLIER, Klsinore, Cal. 
D. M. GRAHAM. Naileau Block, Ix>s Angeles, Cal. 



FOR SALE. 



One thousand acres of VINEYARD, ORCHARD AND 
ALFALFA LAND in Fresno County, near the town of 
Fresno, at $15 per acre, as a whole, or $80 per acre in 
subdivisions. Apply to 

E. B. PERRIN, 

402 Kearny St., S. F. 



LAND CLEARIN G WITH JUDSON POWDER. 

RAILROAD MEN, FARMERS AND VITIOULTURISTS HAVE, 

.v practical experience, found that the JUDSON POWDKK especially, is the best adapted to REMOVE 

sn Mi's. 

FROM 5 TO 30 POUNDS OF THIS I'OWDKK will always bring any sized stump with roots dear 

out of the ground. The EXPENSE IS LESS THAN ONE-HALF the cost ot Grubbing. 
/tSTFor particulars bow to use the same, apply to 

BANDMANN, NIELSEN & CO., General Agents, 

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 



GOOD CROPS EVERY SEASON 

Without; Irrljeut Ion. 

Free by mail, specimen number of "Thr California!! Rtal 
Eslatt Esihanar and Mart." full of reliable information on 
climate, productions, etc., of 

SANTA CRUZ COUNTY. 

Address. "EXCHANGE AND MART. ' Santa Our.. Cal. 



THE LOCKHART ELEVATOR 

AND SELF-FEEDER 

For Threshing Engines. 

MR. WM. ATCHISON WRITES: 

Mr. A. W. LoiMIARi Dear Sir: Having run one of 
wuir side Feeder- last u-ar I consider it so fai ahead "I 
any other, that no man can afford to run a machine 
without It. WM. ATCHISON, Stockton. 

£f*Orders given soon will be rilled. Address: 

" A W LOCKHART. 

Stockton. Cal. 



THE DAVIS IRON WAGON. 

33. -A.. SCOTT c*s CO . 

Proprietors for the Pacific Coast, 
P. O. Bui 293, - - .Sacramento Cal 

La France Steam Fire Engine. 

HAYES' FIKE TRUCK. 
^Circulars forwarded free to any addreiw 

ENRIGrllT'S 

NfW IMPROVRD 

Patent Straw-Burning 



WITH 

V I'l'KNT If AT Kit BRIDGE AM) ORATES 

All kinds of second hand Portable Engines (Straw and 
Wood Burning 1 for sale ami to rent on reasonable terms 
Address, 

JOSEPH ENRIGHT, 

San Jose. Cal. 




THE LIGHTNING 

HAY PRESS 



.MAlfUl Ai I' Kr.i> AT. 



PACIFIC CARRIAGE WORKS, 



J. F. HILL. Proprietor. 



1307 to 1323 J Street, 



SACRAMENTO. 



Tbfl abox** rut represents the Press at w ork. 



This Press, as w ill In* seen hy the eut, is an upright; the bale heiiijf formed in the hiiv chamber at the hottoiu of 
the Press. The feeding throat in about midway between the top and the bottom of the Press. Thr de\ ice for feed- 
ing 1 the Press is constructed with side board and aprons, on whieb the ha> is pitched. The Press is construi-tcd with 
a drop; the said drop arts as tramper, and after the bale is formed, it is changed from tramping to pressing. r'roin 
three to five forksful of hay are put in at MM drop, which makes the feeding process \er> rapid. 

The power necessary for baling is our pair of horses. They are worked in one continuous forward motion, both 
tramping and pressing, and make hut one stop during tin- making of a bale tint of tying and dropping thr hale out 
of tile Press. The size of the bale, when out of the Press, is twentv -four by twenty-six inches, by three feet eight 
LncnM long, and weighs from two hundred ami twenty-live to two hundred and se\ eiity-live pounds, and the stv le of 
the hale ha* no e<-ual. The Press is carried, when nn»\ ing, lengthwise of the wagon. 

The Press is hinged at the bottom to a pair of sills, and is laid dou n by means of a derrick upon a bolster, on 
thi- rear pair of wheels, with the sills swung upon the under side of said year hv means of a windlass. The front end 
being sw ung on the under side of front gear, after the st^le of dray truck*, it only ictpiires ten minutes for two men 
to load the Press ami he on the rood. 

TMa Press is provided with a hay derrick and fork, which is a recent improvement not shown in the cut, and it 
is operated b\ the team attached to the Press, w hile trumping or pressing either, bringing the hay from a fi(t>-foot 
stack to the Press, and is made the lightest work of any part of the baling. The capacity of the Pres* is from ten to 
fifteen tons |»er da> , by ordinary unskilled balers, hut active, skilled balers bale from lift* :en to twenty-five tons i»er 
day. The above Press is now manufactured by 

J. F. HILL, Sacramento, Cal. 



MISSION ROCK DOCK 

AND 

GRAIN WAREHOUSE, 

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 

75,000 ^u^iSS 75,000 

CHARLES H. SINCLAIR, Bupt . 
v « U UBY HOCS CO. , frOP'rt -OBoe 818 Cal St , nn 8 




S. W. Corner Kearny and Montgomery Ave., San Frarv.isco. 
rFree Ooach to and from the House J. W. BECKER. Proprietor 



FATJO & SWEATT'S IMPROVED GRADERS. 




breeders' Directory. 

Six lines or leaa in this Directory at 50c. a line pet month 



HORSES AND CATTLE. 

SEE H. PIERCE'S Jersey advertisement. 



I .•>!«.. i itr.IKI.SKMS GRADES TA KIM, V LOAD. PIG. : LOAD Ol I nil BBOI (fD 
' ready to take to destination. Fig. :t. Dumping and Spreading at the same time. The frame is made of wrought 
and an^'lc iron; the Scoop of boiler plate, with cutting edge of steel, \\\. < nir Regular Size carries ' yard earth, 
and we make them larger or smaller t.. order, price *«:.. For larire jobs we have a (Irader on this same principle, to 
set on any ordinary farm wagon; curries 1} yards earth; price, saw. For particulars, call on or aililress 

FATJO & SWEATT, Santa Clara, Santa Clara Co., Cal. 




GOOD EYESIGHT 



Is a Messing 

not enjoy 

!■> every one Arc yotin* yen weak <>r in 
H.iined: have you overstrained them in 
reading or writ in;*; ba\> the eyelids he 
conk RwoUenl try MOTHKB OARYS 
i-.vi; wATER, wnleb doen not nquln 

to I..- diluted, hnt b refreshing und 
southing the instant it is applied, and 
does not smart like other preparations. 
If y.,ur eyelids are Ktnck together in the 
morning, this Kye Water will relieve you 
A bi.jc of Salve for the eyelids contained 
Kuice of Eye Water. The greatest dintovery of 
the age for the relief of the eyes Price 25(eeute per package. 
All druggtuU and country stores cau obtain it for you. 
Packed by MRS. ORACH CART, Hau Francisco "Mother 
CaryV preparations are now for Hah* OTW the entire r.iajit 

Dewey & Co. { J,?„ . } Patent Ag'ts. 



GOLD MEDAL SKI'ARATOK, In fir-tclass 
order, improved cleaning < apa<'it> ; Knright Kn 
gine, in splendid order; Jackson Low Derrick and Side 
Elevator ; UxMuurt Self Feeder, and Nash k Cutt's 
Cleaner, together with first class Cook-house, \V:iter 
Tank, Derrick Forks, Feed Wagon, etc., or all the para 
phernalia pertaining to a first-class thrashing rig. 
rare bargain. Apply t.< the owner, 

A. O. VANDERVOBT. 

Snnnl i.l' i Alanipda Co 



CONCRETE BUILDINGS. 

SILOS AND BESEBVOIB8. 
&ANS0UE, 402 IfODtromer) St., S. f Sand for Circular! 



WILLIAM NILES, Los Angeles, Cal. Thorough 
bred Poultry, Cattle and Hogs. Write (or circular. 

ROBERT BECK, San Francisco. Breeder of Thor- 
oughbred Jersey Cattle. Herd took six premiums of the 
eleven offered at State Fair, 1881, and six of 12 in 1883. 

PETER SAXE & SON, Lick House, San Francisco, 
Cal. Importers and Breeders, tor past twelve years, of 
every variety of Cattle, Horses, Sheep and Hogs. 

MRS. M E. BRADLEY, San Jote, Cal. Breedei 
of recorded thoroughbred Short Horn Cattle and Berk- 
shire Hogs. A choice lot of young stock for sale. 

COTATE RANCH BREEDING FARM, Page's 

Station, S. F. A N. 1'. K. R. ]>. O., Penn's drove 
Sonoma Co., Cal. Wilfred Page, Manager Breeder* 
of Short Horn Cattle, English Draft Horses, Spanish Me- 
rino Sheep and Berkshire Swine. 



QEORGE BEMENT, Redwood City, San Mateo Co.. 
Cal. Breeder of Ayrshire Cattle, Southdown Sheep and 
Berkshire Hogs. All kinds of stock for sale. 



P. J. SHAFTER, Olema, Cal. Breeder of One Jersey! 



J. R. ROSE, Lakcville, Sonoma Co., Cal. Breeder of 
registered Thoroughbred Demons; tine roadsters and 
draft horses. 



R. J. MERKELEY, Sacramento, breeder Short Horus, 
Perchcron-Normau Horses and Berkshire Swine. 



SHEEP AND GOATS. 



L. U. SHIPPEE, Stockton, Cal. linporterand breeder 
of Spanish Merino Sheep, Durham Cattle, Red Duroc 
and Berkshire Swine High graded Rams for sale. 



J. B. HOVT, Bird's Landing, Solano Co., Cat. Breeder 
and importer of Shropshire Sheep. Rams for (ale: also 
cross-bred Merino and Shropshire. 



A. O. STONESIFER Breeder of Pure Blooded 
French Merino Sheep, Hills Ferry, Stanislaus Co., Cal. 



POULTRY. 



GEO. B. BAYLEY, 1317 Castro St., Oakland, Im- 
porter and Breeder of all the best known and most 
nrnfltable Land ami Water Fowls, Brahmas, Cochins, 
Leghorns, Houdaus, l.angshans, Wyanduttes, (luinea 
and Pea Fowls, Bronze Turkeys, Ducks, etc. 

SMITH'S POULTRY YARDS, Hlanding avenue, 
l>eL Everett and Broadway, Alameda, Cul. Address, 
Chas. W. Smith, P. 0. Box 67, Oakland, Cal. 



D. D. BRIGGS. Los Qatos, Cal. Importer and breeder 
of White Dorkings, W. F. Bl. Spanish, Bl. Hamluirgs. 
Eggs, $1 50. Ijkngshan eggs, 4~ 50. Circulars free. 



MRS. M. E. NEWHALL, San Jose. White and 
Brown Leghorns, langshans, Plymouth Rocks, Light 
Brahmas, t'ekin Ducks and Bronze Turkey s. 

BIG HEDGE POULTRY YARDS. San Mateo, 
Cal. Thoroughbred Poultry and Eggs for sale. Also 
Incubators. 



PURE WHITE LEGHORNS a specialty; 1-year 
tow Is t- each; eggs, «1 J per 15. W. C. Damon, Napa, < al. 



WELLINGTON'S IMPROVED EGG FOOD. 

1 tt>. boxes, 40 eta,; 3 lb. boxes, $1; 10 lb. boxes, *2.50; 
'25 lb. boxes, «... This is the only preparation in the 
world that will positively prevent every disease of poul- 
try and make hens lay. Ask your grocer or druggist for 
it. B. F. Wellington, Prop r, 425 Washington St., S. F. 

LONG LOOKED FOR COME AT LAST.— 

Hatches Eggs better than a hen. The Pacific lm-uba- 
tor and Brooder. Ceo. II Bavlev, manufacturer, 1317 
(astro St, Oakland, Cal. 



L. H. CUTTING, US Rose St, Stockton, Cal., P. O 
Box No. 7. Breeder and Importer of Wyandottes, 
Langshans, White and Brown Leghorns, Rose Comb 
White and Brown leghorns, Black Hamburgs, Silver 
Penciled Hamburgs, Uolden Penciled Hamburg*, White 
Face Black Spanish, White Crested Black Polish, Silver 
Beardeil Polish, Coldcn Bearded Polish, Silver Cray 
Dorkings. Eggs for hatching from above varieties. 
Send 2- cent stamp for circular. 



G. W. SE SSIONS, San Mateo; 13 eggs from White fc 
B. Leghorn-, - l. Ply nu Rocks, *l.50; Langshans, 12.50. 

T. D. MORRIS, Sonoma, Cal. Tuolouae and Embden 
Ucese, Bronze and W. Holland Turkeys, and all leading 
varieties of Thoroughbred Poultry. 



MRS. L. J. WATKINS. San Jose, Cal. Pure bred 
Fancy Poultry. White and Brown Leghorns, Plymouth 
Rocks, Langshans aud Houdans. Kggs and Fowls. 

GEO. B. BAYLEY, Oakland, manufacturer aud 
dealer in all kinds of Poultn Appliances, Wire Net- 
ting, Water Fountains, Feed troughs. Bone Meal, Kgg 
Baskets, Incubating Thermometers, etc. Send stamp 
for Circular. 



J. N. LUND (P. O. Box lit)), cor. Webster and B<otli 
Sts., near Mt View Cemetery, Oakland. Breeder of 
Poultry, Plymouth Rocks, Brown Leghorns, Light 

Brahmas, Langshans and B. B. R. t BanUuis, 

Jacobin Pigeons AUuiriea Fow Is. Eggs& Fowls for sale. 



BEES. 



HICKS' HIVE The hist movable frame hive in «se. 
Also all kinds of Apiarian supplies, "North Amerian 
Beekeeper*' Cuide.'' Send for ( 'irciilars and price list, 
tmecn Bees, eta •'. B. Whiting, J'' Merchant*' Kx.,S. V. 

WM. MUTH-RASMUSSEN, Independence, Inyo 
Co , Cal. Dealer In Honev , Comb Foundation ind 
Italian vjueen Bees. (No foulbrood in this county.) 
Beehives made to order. 



J. D. EN AS, Sunnyside, Napa, Cal. Breeder of Pure 
Italian Uueens. v, foul brood. Comb Foundation, 
Extractors, etc. 



COMB FOUNDATION - \\ W. Bliss, Duarte, Los 
Angeles Co . Cal. 



July 12, 1884.] 



f AeiFie RURAL p>RESS. 



35 



breeders' directory Contiplied. 



SWINE. 



JOHN RIDER, Sacramento, Cal. Breeder of Thor- 
oughbred Berkshire Swine. My stock of Hogs are all 
recorded in the American Berkshire Record. 



WILLIAM NILES, Los Angeles, Cal. Thoroughbred 
Poland-China and Berkshire Pigs. Circulars free. 

TYLER BEAOH, San JoBe, Cal. Breeder of Thor 
ouifhbred Berkshire!*. 



E G. SOBEY, Los Gatos, breeder of Fine Berk9hires. 



Price Reduced to $1 Per Gallon. 

Moore's Sulphur Dip 

THE HI ST AND CHEAPEST PREPARATION FOR 
THE CURE OF SCAB. 




The General Health and Condition of the 
Sheen Promoted by Its Use. 

Txroisr-FOisoi^OTJS- 

One gallon (making GO gallons of dip) is sufficient to 
dip 120 to 150 newly shorn sheep. Cost of dipping will 
not exceed one cent per sheep. Manufactured by 

WILLIAMS & MOORE, Stockton, Cal. 
g3T Sold by all Wool Commission Merchants in San 
Francisco. 

We call attention to the following testimonial from 
.1. II. Kirkpatrick, breeder of line sheep: 

Knioiits Furry, CAl., Aug. 26, 1881. 

C. f!. Williams & Co., Stockton— Gentlemen: 1 have 
used Moore's Sulphur Dip in dipping my band of thor- 
oughbred Merinos, which are admitted to be very hard to 
cure of scab, owing to the density of fleece, and I am free 
to say that the Sulphur Dip will certainly eradicate' the 
disease when properly applied. Moreover, it is the cheap- 
est of the prepared dips of which I have any knowledge, 
and being a certain cure, it desei \ cs to come into general 
use as the standard remedy. 

Yours truly. J. II. KIRKPATRICK. 




300 Thoroughbred Rams and Ewes 

From Choice Premium Stock, for sale in lots to suit. 
Terms REASONABLE. Orders promptly and satisfactorily 
tilled. E. W. WOOLSEY &" SON, Pulton, 
Sonoma Co , Cal. 



LITTLE'S ~ SHEEP DIP. 

Price Reduced to 
$1.25 

PER GALLON. 

Twenty gallons of fluid 
mixed with cold water will 
make 1,200 gallons of Dip. 
It is superior to all Dips and Dressings for Scab in 
Sheep; is certain in effect; is easily mixed, and is applied 
in a cold state. Unlike sulphur or tobacco, or other 
poisonous Dips, it increases the growth of the wool, stim- 
lates the fleece, and greatly adds to the yolk. It destroys 
all vermin. It is efficacious for almost every disease (in- 
ternal and external) sheep are subject to. 

FALKNER, BELL & CO . 

San Francisco, Cal. 





LAUREL RANCH. 

THOROUGHBRED 

Spanish Merino 

SHEEP. 

First Premium Flock for four years. Two 
hundred bead for sale cheap for cash, or on terms to suit 
CHstouiers. iSTOrders promptly tilled. Address 
J. H. STROBRIDGE, Prop'r, 

Hay-wards, Alameda Co., Cal. 

Calvert's Carbolic 

SHEEP WASH. 

93 per Gallon. 

After dipping the Sheep, Is use- 
ful for preserving wet hides, de- 
stroying t.e vine pest, and for 
wheat dressings and disinfecting 
purposes, etc. T. W. JACKSON, 
8. F.. Sole Ajrent for Pacific Coast. 




ITALIAN SHEEP WASH. 

EXTRACT OF TOBACCO. 

Free from Poison. Prepared 

by the Italian Government 

Co. Cures thoroughly the 
SCAB OF THE SHEKP 

The BEST and CHEAPEST 
remedy known. Reliable testl- ; 
niuuialg at our i -t!i ■<■ 

For particulars apply to 
OHAB. DUI8EHBE AO k CO., Bole AgenU, 314 Sacramento 
Street Hau Franottso 




MPORTANT! 

«n ,r£»* t ,,^?^l I £'l h £ u A d tbB ^ ,or . th e Past ELEVEN years our SOLE BUSINESS has been, and now Is. Importing 
V,j tK 10° CARLOADS) and breeding improved Live Stock— Horses, Jacks, Short Horns, Ayrsnires and JeiBeys (or 
Alderaeys) and their grades; also ALL THE VARIETIES of breeding Sheep and Hogs. We an Bupply any and all Kocd 
anunaUj i that. may be wanted, and at VERY REASONABhE PRICFS and on CONVENIENT TERMS. Write or call ou 
us. LICK HOUSE, San Francisco, Cal., October 22, 1881 PETER SAXE & HOMER P SAXE 



PETER SAXE & SON 



THOROUGHBRED 

Spanish Merino Sheep. 

A Choice lot of 

n. a. tso. s 

For sale; also, 
X 3 O Head 



YOUNG EWES. 
Address FRED. P. GAGE, Elk Grove, Sacramento Co., Cal. 




THOROUGHBRED 

SPANISH MERINO SHEEP. 

The FIRST PREMIUM 
FLOCK at the State Fair 
in 1883. 

Choice Rams & Ewes 

FOR SALE. 
Orders promptly filled. 
Address FRANK BULLARD, Woodland, Yolo Co., Cal. 




Registered in the A. J. C. C. 
and A. G. C. C. 




Jersey Belle of Scltuate that Made 25 lbs. 
4i ozs. of Butter in one week. 

A grandson of above cow is now in use in the Yerba Buena 
This herd won all the herd prizes for 1382. Since then have beeu 
added young animals from Mr. Pierce's valuable herds East. 
He now haH Jersey Belle of Scituate, Coomassie, Mary Ann 
of St. Lambert, Fanner's Gloiy and Eurotas strains; also 
large selections from the Islands, without regartl to cost. 
He has interest in Eastern herds of 200, at the head of which 
stand only living son of Jersey Belle, Romeo de Bouair (87i X 
Mary Ann's blood), and Pierson, the best show bull in Amer- 
ica. These bulls are valued at slO.000 each. 

HENRY PIERCE, San Francisco. 



BADEN FARM HERD. 
Of Short Horn Cattle and Dairy Cows. 

Catalogues and Prices on application to 

ROBERT ASHBURNER, 
^twrlfin Station. ... (San M»t«o Co 



JERSEY COWS FOR SALE. 

Firs -class Jersey Cows, from three to eight years old 
at rom jslOO to |2ot) each— all registered. 

R. G. SNEATH, 
835 Howard St- San Franelsno. 




PROTECT YOUR HORSE FROM FI.IES 
and Mosquitoes, and see that he has a Comfort 
able Suit of Harness to work with. Fly Nets. Linen 
Sheets and Hoods, Harness, Saddles, Whips, 
Collars, lap Ousters, Etc. 

A full stock of Leather and Saddlery Goods, wholesale 
and retail. W. DAVIS, 

410 Market St., San Francisco. 



THORLEY'S IMPROVED 




HORSE and CATTLE FOOD 

Is pronounced by horse men and stock breeders to be a 
great discovery with regard to the improved treatment of 
animals. Its object is to prevent disease, to put and main 
tain animals iu good health, and to economize food. It is a 
source of HEALTH; acts as a relish, aids digestion, and, 
containing no mineral poisons, supersedes the so-called 
"Condition Powders." This Food contains nothing hut what 
is nutritious and beueticU hand is NOT A MEDICINE, but 
a nutritious and invigorating food, that should be used regu- 
larly. Its regular UBe on horses improves thewind, increase* 
the appetite, gives a smooth and glossy skin, and transforms 
the miserable skeleton into a tine-looking spirited horse. 

Cows will give more and richer milk, while the unpleasant 
flavor of turnips, etc., will be removed. It has been proven 
by actual experience to increase the quantity of milk and 
cream 20 per cent., and makes butter firm and sweet. In fat- 
tening cattle, it givea them appetite, loosens their hide and 
makes them thrive much faster. It prevents Scour in Calves 
and will make pigs fatten in half the usual time. Its proper- 
ties are astonishing upon all young animals. Trial 2-tb. pack- 
age only 50 cents; 10 Itis. *2. O. «. WI1KKON A CO., 
HhikmhI to .vu> Market si Sun Francisco 



POLAND CHINA PICS. 




Also, BERKSHIRES, 

Jersey and Holstein Cattle, 

POULTRY-ALL LEADING VARIETIES 

Eggs for Hatching. 

Write for circulars and information to 

WILLIAM NILES, 

Los Angeles, Cal. 



BERKSHIRES A SPECIALTY. 




My Berkshires are Thoroughbred, and selected with 
great care from the best herds ot imported stock in the 
United States and Canada, and for individual merit, <■ 
not. he excelled. My breeding stock are recorded in the 
"An.erican Berkshire Record," where mine but pure bred 
Hogs are admitted. Pigs sold at reasonable rates. Cor- 
respondence solicited. JOHN RIDER, Eighteenth 
and A Streets, Sacramento City, Cal. 




THOROUGHBRED BERKSHIRE PIGS. 

I have now on hand, and offer for sale at reasonahle 
prices, at m j stock farm, Oak Grove, San Mateo Co. , a 
choice lot of | ure Berkshire figs from two to twelv 
months i, Id. bred From the best strains ot Premilll 
stock, which I import yearly from England direct. 

Apph to ' WM. CORBITT, 

218 California St., San Francisco. 




For Sale at our Farm at Mountain View 

From our Thoroughbred Berkshire Boar and Sow, 
which we imported from England in 1880. Pigs from Im 
ported Boar and Sow, $21 each; from Imported Boar and 
Thoroughbred Sow , $10 to $20. Our Imported Pigs are as 
nice I'igs as there are in the State. Address : 

I. .1. TRUMAN, San Francisco, Cal 



BERKSHIRES. 

Nice Lot of Young Thoroughbreds 
HT-On SALE. 

DAMS — From Truman's Imported Stock. 
SIRE- -Isaac, winner of 1st prize at last State Fair. 
Apply to A. L. SOBEY, 

■_'U. r , Mission St., S. P.. or Los Gatos, Cal, 



■% I ■■ill" AGENTS WANTED FOR AC 

III fl I AIL thentic edition ol his life Pub 
■ I I U I 111 I lished al Augusta, his home. 
U Wm II lis k • Largest, handsomest, cheapest, 
best. By the renowned historian ami biographer, Col. 
Conwell, whose life of Garfield, published by us, outsold 
the twenty others by 60,000. Outsells every book ever 
published in this world; many agents are selling fifty 
daily. Agents are making fortunes. All new beginners 
successful; grand chance for them; *-t.'i.. r >0 made bv a lady 
agent the first day. Terms most liberal. Particulars 
free. Better send $6 cents for postage, etc., on free out 
fit, now ready, including large prospectus book, and save 
valuable time. 

ALLEN & CO., 

Augusta, Maine. 




RED CLOVER I 

Nredham's Rrd Clovxh 
Blossoms, and extracts pre- 
pared from the blossoms ure 
Cancer, Salt Kheum and al" 
diseases arisingfrom an impure 
state of the blood. It will also 
clear the complexion of al 
pimples, eruptions, etc. Is a 
sure cure for Constipation, 
Piles and many other diseases 
Is bot laxat ve and ton's. For full particulars, address 
W C. NEEDHAM, Box 123, San Jose, Cal. Residence 
« 7 Third Street. 



AXFORD 

IMPROVED INCUBATOR! 




A Nest of Jumbo Hens, showing the Method 
of Coupling 8 Baby Machines to 
One Heater. 

Regulated without electric batteries, springs, weights 
cr clockwork that other ma bines have. The most simple 
and complete regulator in the market. NEVER BEATEN 
in competition. 

F'irst to use electricity ind first to abandon it. Making 
the LARGEST HATCH' ever known — 101 chicks from 101 
eggs. Second-hand machine, 179 chicks from 180 eegs. 

Price Jumbo Baby, 12 doz. eggs, $:<7..'>0; double Baby, 
24 doz. eggs, ¥05; 400-egg machine, *86. Machine may 
be seen running at Woodward's Garden, hatching every 
Sunday. j0"8ond for circular. Address 

I. P. CLARKE, 
California Poultry Farm, May-field, or 630 Howard St. , S. F. 



PETALUMA 

INCUBATOR. 

SKI, F- KEG I 'LATINO. 

Gold Medal, Silver Me- 
dal, and 11 First Premiums over 
others. Hatches all kinds 

of Eggs. 

All sizes. Prices from ¥12 up. Satisfaction guaranteed. 
Address, PETALUMA INCUBATOR CO., Petaluma, Cal. 
£3FSend for Circulars. Circulars Free. "SI 





J M. HALSTED'S 

Self-Regulating 

INCUBATORS. 

From $20 up. Send 
for descriptive price list. 
TborQugbbved Poultry 
and Eggs. 
1011 Broadway, 
Oakland. Cal 



HIGH CLASS 

LAND AND WATER FOWLS. 



BRAHMAS, LANGSHANS, 
COCHINS, LEGHORNS, 
PLYMOUTH ROCKS, 
TOULOUSE and 

EM DEN GEESE, 
ROUEN AND 

PEKIN DUCKS, 
BRONZE TURKEYS, 

WILD TURKEYS 

*TGET THE BEST/®* 



Send two-cent stamp for Circular and Price List to 
R. G. HEAD. Napa, Cal. 




WORTH'S PATENT HORSE POWERS. 

Price Fifty Dollars. 

First PRRMIUMfl AWARDED at Sonoma Co. Fair, 1882-1883. 




Farmers, Dairymen, Mechanics and Business Men have 
long felt the want of a cheap and simple power to drive 
Farm, Dairy and other Machinery. In these Powers this 
want is fully supplied, and they arc acknowledged by all 
w ho have used them to be the cheapest, best, and simplest 
Powers made. Powers made for one to fourteen horses. 
I also manufacture all iron Ensilage or Hay Cutters. 
Also, Worth's system of beating dair\ milk-rooms by hot 
water. W. H. WORTH, 

Petaluma. Foundry and Machine Works, Petaluma Cal. 

GREATLY REDUCED! 

STOCKTON Agricultural Warehouse and 
Globe Foundry. Ottice and sales warehouse, 
N. W. cor. Market and El Dorado Sts. , Stockton. 

The Stockton Improved Gang Plows, 

Wholesale and retail; over 10,000 in use, and warranted; re- 
versible pointsand extras. Studehaker Wagons, Buggies and 
Carriages; Osborne Mowers and Harvesters; Barbed Wire; 
all kindsCylinder and Journal Oils; Farmers' Implements. 

JOHN CAINE, 
(Box 95. Globe Iron Works, Stockton. 



H FN I, FY'S CH A I.LENG F ROLLER SKATE 

The Latest and Best, and Most Com- 
plete Scientific SKATE in the Market. 
Patented Oct. 10, 1880, and Aug. 2.'), 1881. 

Improved Aug., 1882. 
Liberal Terms to thi Tkadk. 

r ' or Prices and Catalogue, 
inclose 'i cent stamp, 
mentioning Youth'* 
Compan ,«„ , to rvi. c. 

Hon ley, Patentee 
and Manufacturer, 
K irli inond, 1ml. 




International Patent Bureau, 

WM.A.BELL Manager. 

No. 507 Montgomery Street, 

San Francisco, Cal. 

PATENTS SOLD AND PLACED ON ROYALTY 

Throughout the U. S. , Canada and Europe. 
Foreign Office International Patent Bureau, 

U. DITTMAR, Manager, Berlin, Uerm&rjy 



pAeiFie FyjRAL press. 



[July 12, 1884 



jS.H. jCDARKET J^EfOf^T 



Nort *"V i j,, t^tinn* arc for WednMday, not Saturday 

the dale *:.ich the paper bear*. 



Weekly Market Review. 

DOMESTIC PRODUCB. ETC. 

San Francisco, July 9, 1884. 

The ho] ; i) week and the unceilainty prevailing 
just at li.ii .-it combine to make things quiet. New 
Wheat h 1 reacWd Stockton as noticed elsewhere. 
The latest from abroad is as follows: 

Liverpool, July 9. — Wheat — Inactive Califor- 
nia spot lots, 7s Ca to 7s 9d; Cargo lots, 37s for off 
coast, 40s 6d for just shipped, and 39s for nearly 
due. Cargoes'off coast have declined from 3d to 6d 
per quarter and on passage are rather easier. Mark 
Lane Wheat and Maize are inactive. English and 
Krench country markets are quiet. Wheat in P.uis 
is rather easier. 

BAGS — The following is the range: Calcutta 
Wheat 6>4(a7}ic; California Jute, jrjfc: Potato 
Gunnies it@i2C Considerable sales are now being 
made for immediate harvest use. 

BARLEY — Barley seems to have rather more 
backbone. Holders are firmer and brewing Barley 
reaches a higher figure than last week, On call this 
morning there was no general speculative feeling, 
though the season was characterized by fair activity. 
Sales were: Buyer season — 100 tons, or^c; }O0, 
Qi#c; 300, gi'/sc. Seller season — 100, 79. "^c; 100, 
78J4C; 100, 7&ykc Buyer 1884 — 100 tons, 
Seller 1884 — 100 tons, 79c; 200, 78KC t? ctl. Call 
Board sales this aiternoon were as follows: Buyer 
season— 100 tons, qi He. Buyer 1884 — 100 tons, 
S7WC ctl. 

BEANS — Beans are in good shape at present. 
Reports are in of inquiry to the river crop by high 
water. The late season will probablv delay the 
southern crop somewhat. Prices are given in our 

list. 

CORN — Corn is unchanged. 

DAI RY PRODUCE— Prices are improving a lit 
tic. The best fancy Butter reaches 25c frf tt>; ( hee c e 
i- less In supply and advancing. 

EGGS — Eggs have advanced considerably and flu- 
best have sold up to 35c fcf doz. 

KEED— Damaged Hay sells at $4@r> fc> ton. 
1 ,ood dry Hay sells fairly. Although a choice lot ..t 
Wheat might bring $17. the general range Co- Whe.ii 
and Wild Oats is $15(0)16; stable. $12(0-14; cow, 
« io@i2 ^ ton. 

KRESH MEAT— Be:f is still lower, Mctftt.hr 
1 ig the decline this week. 

I Ki ll' The first watermelons and canlelope^ 
r.ime from L. Morris, of Wjnte s, and the first 
grapes from ] . Wilson ol the same place. I run 
prices may be found in our table. 

HUPS — Holders are not dispo-*d .0 111 ike eon- 
tracts. Nominal rates lor the new crop are J50 
tcr 30c. 

1 "»ATS Oats are quiet and unchanged. 
1 iNTONS-- Red Onions are now quoted (>■, (n yy. 
Mid Silver skins 10c higher. 

POTATOES Prices have improved, as -.himn in 
our table. 

PROVISIONS- Meat products :ire generally 
lower this week. 

V'EGETARI.K.S Prices are generally lower a« 
I? shown in our table. 

WHEAT — Wheat is very low and there i^ noth- 
ing doing this week. Call sales to-day were light, 
lonsisting of 100 tons, seller 1884, at $1 33 tf ctl. 
Afternoon sales were: Buyer 1884, city — 200 tons, 
ii 38. Seller 1884. lily -100 tons, $1 34 V,' tf ctl. 

WOOI Wool is selling slowly as oners do not 

ent ourage holders. 

FrelBbta and Charters. 

T ie following is a summary of the engaged and 
dis ngaged tonnage at this and adjacent ports, and 
on the way to this port yesterday morning 

V. ugaged tons in port 

Disengaged 

On the way 



1884. 


18S3. 


. :«i,n!n) 


.'10, l. r rf) 


148,430 


8fi,0G0 




279,250 


417.3U0 


:t'i4,4."i» 




. 20.0.SU 


21,5(15 


4,r,7.'i 





' Include* tons (or Wilmington, ami coast porti 

against W.65S tons last year. 

There were 17 vessels under engagement at this 
port to load wheat, ten being for August loading. 
There are 91 disengaged vessels at this port and one 
at a neighboring port. The engaged and disen- 
gaged tonnage as above, has a wheat-carrying ca- 
pacity for 269,700 short tons, against a capacity for 
172,800 tons on the corresponding date last year, be- 
ing an increase of 90,900 tons. The bid and ask- 
ing rales for wheat cargoes were reported as follows: 

Bid. Asked. 

Iron — Liverpool direct 40s Od 

Iron— Cork for orders to United Kingdom. . 4U8 ud 45s Od 

Iron — Cork or Continent 

Wood— Liverpool direct - 7s Oi 

Wood— Cork for orders to United Kingdom. 40n Oil 

Wood — Cork or Continent 42s 6d 

Eastern Wool Markets. 
New Yokk, July 7. — T he movement of slock has 
shown about the usual form r.oted for some time, 
buyers, almost without evception, coming into the 
market with lists as to quantity carefully and closely 
calculated and positively refusing to invest beyond 
them. Just at the period, with the holiday feeling 
extant and pending the first half of the year, slow 
business is to be expected almost as a matter of 
course; but, entirely independent cf seasonable in- 
fluences, the situ ition lacks vitalizing force and 
holders of stock find little to induce any great ex- 
pectation. Another failure in the trade also added 
somewhat to the unsatisfactory feature? of the situa- 
tion, and a noticeable point of the reports is the 
unaniimtv With which they agree upon a flat and 
stupid market. For pretty much all grades the basis 
of auotations at the moment is a nominal one, 
though some of the recent transactions would seem 
to show fractional gains for buyers. Accounts from 
the interior do not indicate any impo tant changes, 
the asking rale remaining at about 30 cents for Ohio 
tleeces. Sales include 10,00c pounds spring Califor- 
nia on private terms. 

New York Hop Trade. 
NEW York, July 7. — Within the past few days 
about w to 600 bales have been sold on the market 



here, and at the close the feeling was weak, with 
chances very slim for obtaining much if anything 
over 30 cents on strict cash items. T he decline is 
the direct result of dullness here and unfavorable ad- 
vices from abroad, the latter reporting an improve- 
ment in foreign crops and some pressure to sell in 
the London market; Pacific coast, 1883, 28(832 
cents. 

Foreign Review. 

London. July 3.— The Slari Luu Expna, in 
its review of the British grain trade for the past week, 
says: The hot weather increased in severity during 
the week, bin the drought is now apparently broken, 
rain storms being reported from all parts of the 
country. The crop is thick, but weak, owing to the 
want of rain. Considerable will be of good average 
quality. Sales of English wheat during the week 
were 28,294 quarters, at 37s id. The foreign trade 
is in restricted demand, being for consumption only 
and at barely previous rates. In off coast cargoes 
there has been a trifling inquiry and p-ices are slight- 
ly lower. Continental buyers, who have supported 
the market the past fortnight, now hesitate to buy. 
Eighteen cargoes have arrived; seven were sold, 
three withdrawn and twelve remain. 



Domestic Produce. 

iRonuu 

Weu.nkhuay. Jul) t, 1884 



HKANS AND PEAS 

Bayo. ctl 4 75 i* 5 00 

Butter 3 25 <iy 3 50 

Castor 4 DO <» — 

Pea 2 75 (a 

Red 5 00 m 

Piuk m 4 



Walnuts. CM . Si 7 & 

do Chile. 7,(cf 

Alruonda. hdsbl. tl <** 

Soft shell 11 «t 

Brazil 14 ft* 

Pecans 14 iff 

I'l-auuts I|# 



9 



Large White . . . . S 00 <s» — Filbert* 14 ft 



ft 6 



24 (3 

25 iQ 

22 ft 

" ft 



DM 

"ft 



Small White 2 75 ft - 

Lima 2 00 tjs 2 75 

H Id Peas, blk eye 2 50 h 

do greeu 4 00 I 

BROOM CORN 

.Southern 3ft 

Northern 4 

CHICCORY 

California 4ft 4) 

Ocnuan 6}ft 7 

DAIRY PRODUCE, ETC 

11 UTTER 

Cal. fresh roll. Ib. 21 
<lu Fancy bruits 

Pickle roll 

Firkin, uew 

Kastern 

New York 

rllKfc.SK 
Obeeie, Cat . Ib.. 1" ftt 

booh. 
Cat. ranch, doz.. 

tlu, Htore 

Ducks 

Oregon 

Eastern, by ex . . 
Pickleil here.... 

Utah 

K F.F.I) 

Bran, ton 1 

Cornmeal M 00 (g3a 00 

Hay 7 00 <« 17 00 

Middlings 18 00 (£20 00 

Oil Cake Meal.. 20 50 ftXI 00 

Straw, bale 45 ft 55 

FLOUR. 
Extra, City Mills 5 00 ft 30 
do Co utrj Milla 4 55 lft 5 00 

Supcrtiue 3 00 ft 4 50 

FRESH MEAT 
Beuf. 1st (jiutl., lb 8 ft> 

Second 

Third 

Mutton 

Spring Lamb.. . 
Pork, ottdfeued 

Dresaed 

Veal 

grain. 

Barley, feed, ctl 

do Brewing.. 

Chevalier 

do Coast . . . 

Buckwheat 

Corn, White 



New, >' It. . 

Early Rose . 
4 50 ]Petaluma... 

'Tomalee 

3| Humboldt . 



POTATOES 



do Kidney 

do Peach blow. 

Jersey Blue 

Ouffey Cove 

River, red 

Chile 

23 do Oregon . . . 

25 Peerless M) 1 

27} Salt Lake 1 

25 Sweet - I 

20 POULTRY AND li 



iMK. 



< « 
50 ftU 



U <g 
4!C 

Ha 

B | 
» l£ 
ic<g 

ETC. 

no <a 
H (a 



Hens, do/. 8 00 <tf 9 50 

Roosters 7 50 (3 10 00 

Broilers a 50 (a t; 00 

Ducks, tame.... 5 01) ft fi 50 

do. Teal —ft 

do, Mallard . . — ft — 

Geese, pair 1 50 ft 2 On 

Wild Cray, doz 3 00 if« 3 50 
White do... 1 50 ft 

Turkeys, Ib 2n tit 2;i 

do Dressed . . tg 
Turkey Feat hers. 

tail and wiug . 10 ftf 20 
Snipe, En* . doz. 2 50 ($e J 00 
do Coinaion . 1 00 (g. 1 5o 

Quail 1 75 «t 2 Ui 

Rabbits 1 50 ft 1 75 

Hare <§ 3 <iu 

Veuiaou 6 m 11 

PROVISIONS. 
Cal. Bacon, 

Heavy, lb 12} fit 

Medium 1?5§ 

Light 14 ft 

Lard 

Cal.SuiokcdReef 

Shoulders 

Hams. Cal 

do Eastern . 

•SEEDS 

Alfalfa 

do Chile 

Cauary 

Clover red 14 

White 46 <S 

Cotton 'JO ft 



1 00 (a 1 05 

a 50 (a 4 00 I Flaxseed .. 

1 iM gt 1 BS Hemp 

Yellow 1 60 (JJ 1 05 {Italian Ryegrass 

Small Round. 1 05 (ji — Perennial 

1 lats, choice 1 65 (nl 75 iMillet, German.. 

.In No 1 1 50 1 60 do Common. 

'In N" - 1 30 (ir 1 45 'Mustard, white.. 

ilo black 1 30 (ii 1 35 I Brown 

Rye 90 C" 1 00 Rape 

Wheat, No. 1... 1 37.'.ft 1 40 Ky. Blue Grass.. 




do No. 2... 
Choice milling 1 45 ft 
HIDES. 

Dry 16Jft 

Wet salted 7ft 

HONEY. ETC 

Beeswax, lb 25 (ft 

Honey in comb. 8 fit 
Extracted, light fit 
do dark. 5 ft 
HOPS. 

Oregon — ft 

California 25 ft 

Wash Ter — ft 

Old Hops — m 

ONIONS 

Red 65 ft 

Silverskin 75 ft 

NUTS Joubiko 



2d quality 16 1 

1 50 Sweet V. Grass. 76 1 

Orchard 30 

Red Top IS 

Hungarian .... 8 
Lawn 



18 
101 

271| 
16 
61 



Mes.|uit 10 1 



Timothy 

TALLOW. 

Crude, Ib 61ft 

Retined 8|ft 

WOOL. ETC. 

■SU SPRINO-1884. 

— Southn. deftlve lift 

— I do choice 18 i« 

Sac. it Foothill. 14 ■ 

75 Northern 17 fix 

8» Humb t It Meud 20 fir 

Eastern Oregon. 15 ta 



Fruits and Vegetables. 



FRUIT MARKET 

Apples, box 40 ft 1 75 

Apricots, box . . 00 «i 75 
Bananas, hunch. 2 00 (<t 3 50 
Blackberries cht t IJ0 V 8 00 
Caliteloupes. d/ ,1 50 (ft 4 00 

Cherries box 50 9 75 

Cherry plums... 50 (a 75 
Cocoanuts, 100. . 6 00 fir 7 00 

Crttbapples B0 ■ 75 

CrauberrieB, bbl 17 00 fir 18 00 
Currants, chest . . 1 00 1" S » 

Figs, box 40 "i 1 25 

Oooseberrles 4ft 5 

do English.... It 
Orapes. box .... 2 50 fir — 

Limes, Mei 9 00 iftlO 00 

do Cal , box.. 1 25 ft 2 00 
Lemons, Cal , bx 1 50 S 'I M 
do Sicily, box. 7 00 (« 9 uo 
do Australian. (ft — 
Oranges. Cal , bx 2 50 t« .1 ty 
do Tahiti M 20 00 <«22 50 
do Mexican ..20 00 (5>22 50 
do Panama... - ft 
Peaches box . . 40 (9 60 

do bask 40 <•• 05 

do Craw foril . . 1 00 m 

Pears, box 50 (K 1 00 

Pineapples, doz. fl 00 Iff 

Plums box 40 hi 1 00 

Pi lines, bkt 1 00 in — 

Raspberries, ells 7 00 '« 8 00 
Strawberries, all <» u .n 
Watermelous-- 
Per doz .... 3 50 (3 4 00 
DRIED FRUIT. 
Apples, sliced, lb 9 fit 91 
do evaporated. 12 fit 13 
do quartered „ 8ft 9 

Aprloots 13 ft 14 

Blackberries ... IE (J — 

Citron 28 fit 301 

Dates u ft 10 




JLESAI.K 

Wednesdav. July 0, 1884 
Figs, pressed.... 7 (3 

do loose . 
Nectarines.. 

Peaches 

do pared. 
Pears, sliced .... 
do whole .... 

Plums 

do pitted .... 

Prunes 

Raisins, Cal bx 

do halves 

do quarters. . 
do eighths... 
Zante Currants. 

VEGETABLES 
Artichokes, doz. 10 fit 
lA-quiragus box.. 85 fit 1 25 

| Beets, ctl 75 ft - 

Cabbage. 100 lbs. -'Oft - 

[Carrots, sk 26 ft 36 

Cauliflower, doz. 50 ft 75 

Celery, doz 

Cucumbers, box. 

liggfilant II 

(iarlic, lb 

lireel. corn lloft, . 
do Held, sk... 

(•reen Peas 

do sweet 

Lettuce, doz 

Mushrooms, Ib .. 

Okra, B> 

Parsnips, ctl.... 1 110 ft I 26 

Peppers, Ib 2 @ 10 

do Chile 18 «r 30 

Rhubarb box.... 1 00 ft 1 25 
Squash. Marrow 

fat, ton 30 00 ft 25 00 

do Summer, bx 15 la 40 
Tomatoes, box . , 50 (a 76 

Turnips ctl 50 ft 60 

String Beans. . . lift li 
do Wax 1 B H 





and Iodide of Potass. 

The Best Blooil Purifier find Tonic Alterative in use. 
It qulckl) cures all diseases originating iroin a disordered 
st^te 01 the blood or liver. Rheumatism, Neuralgia, 
Boils, Blotches, Pimples, Scrofula, tlout, Dropev, Tn- 
mors, Salt Rheum am) Mereurial Pains readily yield to 
its purifying properties. It leaves the blood pure, the 
liver and kulnova healthy, the complexion bright and 
char FOR SALE BY ALL 1)1(1 GlilSTS. 

J. K GATES Sc CO., Proprietors. 

417 Sangonie St., San Francisco, Cal. 



Hotels and !>liper hesorts, 

PACIFIC HOTEL, 

(CROVriM. K. K. HKI1IT), 

Tiilnre. (Jlty, ----- Californitt 
J. B WELSH, Proprietor. 

Hiving pun lia^cil this writ known popular resort unit 
rrmovatri) it i ukoi Diioi T, a cunt tnuamt* ol piiMit favni 
is conflJfiith st.li. ittti. A** hrretnfoiv, it uill in- r»ni- 
dflHM as u 

TEMPERANCE HOUSE. 

Tin- strirtc^t . rtr. Iiein^ gtvm t<> the •-Oinloli lllnJ f - i 

imitation «>f gnwto, 

Baths connected with tht- Iioiih*. 

< >ur arcoimiiuilatioii- m umple, Uld tWlllUafl ctff tiiol 
rot'ins ami . mufort, at rflfonahlfj ihar^frs. 

ftwtlnmanlj pncfeM win i>c pvannt on urmai of truins 

to rec«i\f liatft; 1 *? 1 ' and pnswfiitfern. 

MTStBRM for \ isalia, I'orterville, Wtio«h ill*. *t*\ , lea\ e 
this nous?. SiM'.'iul ai-i-oiiiimtlutioos sen i red \>\ telt- 
KTapri (or pnrttoa unA ruudlit*. 



Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. 

" i irrville, uhiii. Se|,t. 10. 1882, 
COLDS, " H iving been -uhjwt in a nrnn- 
• In il atff-rtinn, with frequent 
«olil», fur a number of yenrs. 1 hereby ei r- 

tif> thni AVkr's ftiERRv Pectoral gltefl 
me prompt relief, and is the most etTeotive 
rein.'dy I evrr tried. 

.U.MKB A. HAMII.TOV, 

Kditor of Tile CrtWV*(." 

" Mt. Ollend, Ohio. .Inn* ri;. 
COUGHS, "' nave ti»ed vVkrn < iikukv 
Pf.iTiirai. this s|>iiiij; h.r a se- 
vere ..„.i t ii and tunc; trouble with good 

effect, ami I am pleased In r Minuend it 

to any uue similarly affected. 

ll AKV ky Bu ohm w. 

Proprietor Globe n.ibrl." 
HtKPARF.tl Hi' / O I I J 

Dr. J C. Ay er& Co., Lowell. Mass. 

S lid hv all DrugjTisis. 



tdiicatiopal. 



LAUREL GLEN FRUIT FARM, 



SANTA CRUZ HILLS. 



COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, 

Nupa City, Cal. 

THK PALL SESSION WH.I. OPKN 

July 30^1884. 
ELEVEN PROFESSORS AND TEACHERS. 

Eight Distinct Departments oi Study. 

Scientific, ClaAslcal, Fine Art, Commercial, 
Musical, Elocutionary, Normal, and 
Primary Department* 

Tliest-ieial DepaitnienU are in i barge ul teaehers ol 
experienee and ability, ehnseit with speelal reference to 
fbeir work. 

The Commercial Dcparttttenl i- will i.r-iviiled with 
i:i. ilitie» for aei|Uiring both the theory and practice of a 

Thorough Btmnraan rDocxnon, 

All rnonis :tre kept in order and furnished w itb fuel 
and wa'er hj servants 

Pleucant Hiirroiiudiiie^, Jeligbtful elhuate. Let all 
whii liaie suns and daughters tn ediii a*e aihlresfl the 
principal, 

A. E. LAS, IKK. A. M . 

Napa CitT, Cal. 



I 



lleaiitifiill) loeatad four miles from rnUfdad and beach 
Pleasant grm e«, fine fruit in its season, mi'k and i ream 

x 1' Persons wishing board in a beautiful retreat, with I 
pleasant surroundings, sboiild address, 

ISAAC DAKIN, 

Boajnel. SnutA Cms «'o. . Cal. i 

COMMERCIAL HOTEL, 

A. & J HAHN, Prop'ra, 
Nos. 373, SI, 277 and 27° .Main Street, Stockton, Cau 
Kates, $1.M to $2 Pea Kay- 
Stage oflices lor Collegeville and Oakdale, Huberts and 
l T nloo islands, and Lane's Mineral Springs stages. Tbe 
'mist desirable location in tbe city. Kefurnisliedand refit- 
ted in the best style for the accommodation of the public 
Free ooach from all traius and steamboats to tbe hotel. 



iff 1 




ST. DAVIDS, Tift HOW Alt D STREET, NEAR THIKD 
- A first dais lodging hotel, containing Is., rooms: 
water and gas in each room; no better beds in the world; 
no guebt allowed to use the linen once used by another; 
a large reading-room; hot and cold water; liaths free; 
price of room per night, 50c. and 75c.; per week, from 
upward; open all night. At Ferries take Omnibus Line 
direct to house. K. HUGHES, Proprietor. 



For tin- Best 

HONEY EXTRACTOR. WAX EXTRACTOR, 

FOUNDATION MACHINE, 

Honey Knives, and Bee Smoker, 

Send for Circular to 

JOS. V. ENAS, 
Sunny Side, Napa City, Cal. 



JULIUS WEYAND, breeder of pure blooded Ar 

gora Coal.-. Little Stony , tjoluta Co , Cal. 



rpHINITY SCHOOL- CIII'RCII, BOARDINO AND 

X Day School for Young Men and boys, 1534 Mission 
St., San Francisco. Prepares lor College and I'uivereity. 
Easter Session opens Thursday, Jan. 4, 18S4. Pcl eH to - 
Wm K. Rabcock, bq.,Col. E. E. Ei re. Joseph v.j • mug 
Esq. , Ceil. L. 11. Allen, Win. T. Coleman, Est)., Ceo. W. 
Cibbs, E-i Eor ttiformation, address, KKV. K. h 
SPALD1NU, Rector. 

|im iiKioaaiKii 1880.1 

THE HOME SEMINARY 

■ 'v. roa.. 

YODNG LADIES AND CHILDREN. 
Tbe next Term will commence August 14, 1384 
Krench Conversation, Vocal Music and Drawing taught 
daily and included in the regular course. The Seminary 
is u borne where each pupil will receive the attention 
best suited to her wants. 

MISS kt S. CASTLEMAN. Principal. 
MISS J CI J A OSTKOM, Asws;iate Principal. 

San Jose, Cal. 

THE HARMON SEMINARY, 

Berkeley, Cal. 

A BOARDING AND DAI SCHOOL FOR 
YOUNG LAD] t !8, 

The Next Term will open July 31, 1BQ4 
For 4 Catalogue or other information, address ; 

THE MISSES HARMON, Berkelev. Cal., 
Or E. J. WICKSON, 414 Clay St., S. F. 



INSURE YOUR GROWING GRAIN 



CROPS 



IN THE FIREMAN'S FUND OF CALIFORNIA. 



July 12, 18S4. j 



PA6IFI6 rvMJRAL PRESS. 



37 



tdlicatiojial. 




CALIFORNIA MILITARY ACADEMY 

Oakland, California. 

Col. W, H. O'BRIEN. Principal. 

A First-Class Boarding School for Boys 

Term Begins Monday, July 21,, 1884. 



OAKLAND. 



HOPKINS ACADEMY, 

- CALIFORNIA. 



REV. Hi E. JEWETT. Principal. 

THE NKAI SCHOOL 1KAR BE'.IVS 

TUB8DAY.. JULY 39, 1884 

«T S EN I) FOR < .'ATA LOG I F.. » 



\V. E. Chamberlain, Jr T. A. Robinson. 




Returned to new building, former location, 320 Post 
street, where students have all the advantages of elegant 
halls, new furniture, first-class facilities, and a full corps 
of experienced teachers. lS"Send for Circulars. LIFE 
SCHOLARSHIP, *70. 



P. 0. Box 490, 



San Jose, Cal 



First class. Centrally located. Well equipped. Full 
corps of Teachers. All branches belonging to the modern 
Business College taught. 

t%~ Sk.no for Circular. JHT 



BOWENS ACADEMY, 



University Avenue 



Berkeley, Cal. 



PREPARATORY, COMMERCIAL AM) ACADEMIC 

DEPARTMENTS. 
Terms, $80 and $35 per school month. School year will 
begin Monday, lulj 14,1884 Send for circular.' 

T. STEWART KOWENS, A. B., T. C. I)., 



THE HOME 



Principal. 

SCHOOL 



FOR YOUNG IADIES, 

1825 Telegraph Avenue, Oakland, Cal. 

■ (ORGANIZED IN 1872.) 

The nest year will begin on Wednesday, July ISH4 
Address MISS L. A FIELD. Principal. 

SACKETT SCHOOL. 

English, Classical and Commercial Courses 
of Study. 

STRICTLY FIRST-CLASS in all Respects. 

II it School Sfeai will begin Monday, July 14, 

1X81. Send address, tor Catalogue, to 

I>. P. SACKETT, A M . Principal, 

629 Hobart St., Oakland, Cal. 



MISS BISBEE'S SCHOOL 

FOR YOUNG LADIES, 

lOHO Oak Stieet, - - Oakland, Cal., 

WILL RE-OPEN 
Wednesday July 30, 1884 




We will send you a watch prachalfi 
BY MAIL OR EXPRESS. 0. »., 10 La 
examined before paying any money 
and If not satisfactory, returned at 
ourexpense. We manufacture all 
our watches and save you 30 per 
cent. Catalogue of 250 styles free. 
Evrbt Watch Warranted. Addbkm 
STANDARD AMERICAN WATCH CO.. 

PITTSBIJRIJH. PA. 



SEND FOR ILLUSTRATED PRICE LIST (FREE) OF 
all kinds of Apiarian Supplies, manufactured by W 
T. Falconer, Jamestown, N. Y. Goods shipped by steamor 

to rvlifo, nlo, rvt. low rat.na 

4C Gilt Edge Cards, elegantly printed, 10 cents. VAJV 
*«* BU8SUM k CO., 79 Na«WHi St.. Sen Yeric. A T F. 



MERY'S IMPROVED PIONEER 



BARLEY CRUSHER, 

Using the Benoit Corrugated Rollers. 

STILL AT THE FRONT! 




This Mill has been in use on this Coast, for 5 years, 

TAKEN THE PREMIUM AT THE STATE FAIR 

Four (ears in succession, and has met with general favor, there 
now being 

OVER 125 OF THEM IN USE IN CALIFORNIA! 

It is the moHt economical and durable Feed Mill in use. Tain solo inatiu 
facturerof the fumigated Holler Mill. The mills are already to mount on 
wagons. 

I thank the public for the kind patronage received thus far, ami hope for a continuance of the same. 

IMC. Ij. MERY, Chico Iron Works, Clxico, Cal. 




> SAN FRANC/SCO- 




BELTING A.ISTXD LACING, 
FULLED RAWHIDE HOPS. 

MANUFACTURED BY 

HERMAN ROYER, 855, 857, 859 and 861 BRYANT ST., SAN FRANCISCO 

I ESTABLISHED 1 863 I 



M ATHUSHEK 

PIANO MI'li. CO., New Haven, Ct. 



( "There are features in this Piano, among which are clearness of tono 
and keeping in tune, thatplace it in this respect without a rival. We speak 
( from experience, having used one for 15 3 ears. Fraternal Record. 




IIPRIPHT AWfl PRAMfl PI A hlDQ I GEO. F. WELLS, Gen'l Ag't.) Superior to All Others 
UrnlUn I MNU UnMrlU rlHNUO , 14 2 Market Street. S. F. ( For Country Inc. 
trWUl roi.mii> In lnn« Ava tlmM 1. merer tti an anv othpr. Send for Catalotru «. 



NOTICE TO FARMERS. 



COME MISAPPREHENSION EXISTING CONCERNING 
O the plans and purpotcs of the "Stockton Combined 
Harvester and Agricultural Works" (a corporation) in 
purchasing Letters Patent on Combined Harvesters and 
Threshers, and also Headers, 

NOTICE IS HERE GIVEN. 
That the Stockton Combined Harvester and Agricultural 
Works (a corporation) docs not intend to prosecute, or 
ask fanners, or any farmer, to pay a royalty to said Cor- 
poration upon any Combined Harv ester and T hresher, or 
an] Header, or the use of any Combined Harvester and 
Thresher, or any Header, purchased or used prior to this 
season. 

The desire of the eonipanv is to protect its business 
hereafter against the work ul manufacturers vv ho ma) 
conflict with its patents, and who have no patents at all. 

Any misunderstanding or annoyance between farmers 
and the Corporation will commence, if at all, on the part 
of the fanner. The Corporation will at all tunes recognize 
that the intcicst of tin- fanner is the interest of the 
Company. 

K.v L. U SHIPPKK, President 
Stockton Combined Harvester and Agricultural Works. 
Hated Stockton. June -Jo, 1884. 



DIVIDEND NOTICE. 
The German Savings and Loan Society. 

for the ball-vear ending -Line 80, 1884, the Board of 
Directors of the GERMAN SAVINGS AND LOAN SO 
CIETY has declared a dividend on Term Deposits at the 
rate of four and thirty-two one hundredths (1 32-100) per 
cent per annum, and on Ordinarv Deposits at the rafc of 
three and yi\-tcnths (3 <i-10) per cent per an iuiu, payable 
on and after the 1st dav of July, Us>*4. Rv order 

GEO. LF.TTE, Secretary. 



Cominijsiop fdercliapt?. 



JiiKioN Hart. 



Jambs P. Hclmk. 



nj4 & Mart, 

WOOL, GRAIN, 

GENERAL COMMISSI IffiCM'S, 

10 DAVIS ST., SAN FRANCISCO. 



t4T Personal attention given In all sales, ami liberal 
0.(1 nances made an consignments al lots rotes of interest 
All tinier* far ranch supplies filled at the lowest market 
rales. 



tSM S E WER, WATER AND I? 



CHIMNEY PIPE. 



LINCOLN PLACER CO.CAl.&l,,, 



\358 MARKET ST. S.F. 



Asuisti,'* Liver Pills cure rheumatism and bsadai li 



KST/YBLISHED 1860. 

P. STEINHAGEN & CO., 

(Successors to J. W. GALE & CO ) 

Fruit and General Commission Merchants. 

A.ii'1 Wholesale (Imiltrn in California aud OregOD Produce. 
Also, drain, Wool, Hides, Beans, Potatoes Cheese, 
Kg«B, flutter aud Honey. 

Rninl/ Qinnoc ■ i No 402 Davis Stkkkt and 
Dl ll/IV OIUI CO . \ 120 Washington Sr., S. F 

rrompt returns. Advance liberally on Consignments. 

BLUM, BALDWIN & GIRVIN. 

319 California St., S. F. 

GRAIN and WOOL 

SoLD ON COMMISSION. 

**~Bagrs and Twine for Sale. 



TIRED OUT. 



The 
ing feeling of 
weariness, of 

exhaustion without cllort, which makes Ufa 
a burden to so many people, is duo to the 
fact Unit flic blood is poor, aud the vitality 
Consequently feeble. If you aro Suffering 
from such feelings, 

Ayer's Sarsaparilla 

is .jnsl what you need, and will do you incal- 
culable good. 

No other preparation so concentrates anil 
combines blood-purifying, vitalizing, enrich- 
ing, and invigorating qualities as Avf.b';, 
SAUSAl'AlilLLA. 

PBEPARF.D 11 V 

Dr.J.C.Ayer&Co., Lowell, Mass. 

Sold by all Druggists ; SI, six bottles for $5. 



Copi^-op JVIerchantg. 



Grangers' Business Association, 



SHIPPING AND 

No. 38 California St., 



HOUSE. 

San Francisco. 



Consignments ot CHAIN, WOOL, DAIRY PRODUCE. 
Dried Fruit, Live Stock, etc., solicited, and liberal ad 
vances made on the same. 

Careful and prompt attention paid to orders for the 
purchasing of Grain and Wool Sacks, Wagons, Agricult- 
ural Implements, Provisions, Merchandise, and supplies 
of all kinds. 

Warehouse and Wharf: 

At, "THE GRANGERS'," Contra Costa Co 

Gram received on storage, for shipment, for sale on 
oonsignmcnt. Insurance effected and liberal advances 
made at lowest rates. Farmers may rely on their grain 
being closely and carefully weighed, and on having their 
ether interests faithfully attended to. 



REM OV A. DL. . 

DALTON BROS.. 

Commission Merchants 

AND DEALERS IN 

CALIFORNIA AND OREGON PRODUCE. 

GREEN AND DRIED FRUITS, 

Grain, Wool, Hides, Beans, and Potatoes. 

308 and 310 DAVIS ST., 

P. 0. Box 1938. SAN FRANCISCO. 

43T CONSIGNMENTS SOLICITED. 



PETK.R MEYER. 



LOUIS MEYER. 



MEYER BROS. & CO., 

Importers and 

Wholesale Grocers 

And Dealers in 

er TOBACCO AND CIGARS- ^ 

412 FRONT STREET. 

Front St. Block, bet. Clay & Washington, San Francisco. 
^tSTSpccial attention given to country traders. 
P. O. Box 1940. 



MOORE, FERGUSON & CO., 

COMMISSION MERCHANTS. 

WOOL, GRAIN, FLOUR 

ETC., ETC. 

Members of the San Francisco Produce Exchange 

310 California St., San Francisco. 
t3T Liberal advances made on consignments. 

Ceo. Morrow. (Established 1854.] Guo. P. Morrow. 

GEORGE MORROW & CO., 

HAY and. GRAIN 

COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 

39 Clay Street and 28 Commercial Street 
San Francisco, Cal. 
«r SHIPPING ORDERS A SPECIAL! V. ^» 

DAVIS & SUTTON, 
Commission Merchants 

IN CALIFORNIA PRODUCE, 
No. 75 barren St., - New York. 

References: Tradesmen's National Hank. N. Y.J El 
wangcr& Hurry, Rochester, N. Y. ; C. W. Reed. Sacramento, 
Cal.: A. Lusk & Co.. San Francisco Cal. 



1 FFFFI'S IMPR0VED 




SPRINGFIELD. O., 
Socfr*w« to K, t'. Lcffel St Co 



All Working Part* 

Bivfc Of Ml'.lh C Kit i«3B. 



38 



f>A6IFie RURAL f RtSS. 



[July 12, 1884 



NOTICE 

To MANUFACTURERS. VENDERS or USERS 



" or ol 

Not Used in Combination witn Threshers 



. AS ' KM, AH Tl' 



All Persons Intending to Purchase, Sell or 
Use such Machines: 

THE "STOCKTON t'oMBINKII IIAK VESTKK and 
AGKHJULTl'RAI. WO Mtf," a corporation better known 

as the SIIIPI'KE 1IARVKSTKR WORKS, having r nth 

purchased the United States Letters Patent numbered 
as hereinafter mentioned, co\crint; all the essential fea 
tures now used in the manufacture of all "Oomtiined 
Headers ami Threshers," and nian.v "Headers" not used 
in combination with Threshers, doth hereby (five notice 
to all persons manufacturing, selling or using siu-h 
machines, that 

Unless a License be at First Obtained from 
Said Corporation, 

for the manufacture, sale or use of "Combined Headers 
and Threshers." or of "Headers" covering "ur patents 
not used in combination with Threshers, within the 
State of California, 

Suits for Infringements on said Patents 
will be Commenced 

Against all persons or corporations so manufacturing, 
selling or using said machines, as said infringements may 
apply to otic or more of said Patents. 

The Patents as pun-based and owned by said c<»r|»ora- 
Hon are numbered as follows: 



GEO. F. SILVESTER, 



IMPORTER, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN 



GARDEN 



SEEDS 



SEEDS! 



FLOWER 
SEEDS ! 



FRUIT AND EVERGREEN TREES, PLANTS, ETC. 

New Crop Alfalfa, Grass, and Clover Seeds now Arriving in Large Quantities and 
Offered in Lots to Suit Purchasers. 

Hedge Shears, Pruning and Budding Knives, Green-House Syringes, Etc. Also 

Wilson's Bone and Shell Mills and Hal. 's Mole Traps. 

SEED WAREHOUSE: 317 Washington St., San Francisco, Cal. 



No. r>7,955. No. 25S.201, 

No. 157,344, No. 206.441. 

No. I77.S42, No. m.ttl.,, 

No. 73,.i4H, No. I.'.O.IHK, 



No. ir»8.ft-J-_'. No. I7-J.1.V2, 

No. fH>,W>6, No. 90,561, 

Ho, 2*»,701, Not 2881610, 

No. 1S6,67'2, No. 288,817. 



These Letters Patent fully p rotect this OWnMUM In tin- 
exclusive right to manufacture, sell anil use in the State 
of California, Combined Headers and Threshers, and 
many of the Headers manufactured. 

Stockton Combined Harvester 



and Agricultural Works. 



By 

Stockton, .tune IS, 1!<S4. 



Of Stockton Cal. 
L, L'. SHIPPEE, President. 



"WILBRAHAM " 

ROTARY PISTON PUMP 




The above form of pump is unquestionably the bestand 
cheapest for irrigating purposes now offered in this mar- 
Icet, and they are built of any capacity, Iron, 2.S gallons 
per minute up to 4n,ooQ,rx>0 of gallona per day. 

They work equallv well utuler high or low pressure, de- 
livering a steady , uniform ami solid stream of water. Are 
positive in their action In both liftins and forcing; are not 
liable to get out of order, and w ill perform the greatest 
asnount of work with the lest power of auv pump in the 
world. 

All sizes and sty les of new and seeoud-hand engines on 
hand, suitable for running the same, an'd for ale cheap. 
Send for tlKURUV and price lists to the 

JOSHUA HENDY MACHINE WORKS. 

Nun.. 40 and 51 Fremont St.. .San Francisco. 

EVAPORATING FRUIT. 




tilt Evaporator. 



THE AMERICAN MANUFACTURING COMPANY', 
Waynesboro, Pa., takes pleasure in announcing to 
Fruit Growers on the Pacific Coast that they arc pre- 
pared to furnish promptly at San Francisco, Uos Angeles, 
or Portland, Oregon, Til K XMF.HK IV I'HITT 
KVAPORATOK. We invite s|.,-. i il attention t,. est 
of machine, ease and economy of o|icration, and quality 
of product. TREATISE on Improved Methods, Y'iclds, 
Profits, Price9, ami General Statistics rRKK. Address: 

PRANK BROTHERS, 
319 and 321 Market Street, San Francisco. 
H. C. BRISTOL, Traveling Agent 



FRIEND & TERRY 

Lumber Company. 

MAIN YARD AND OFFICE: 

No. 1310 Second Street, near M. 

BRANCH YARD: 

Corner Twelfth and J Streets, 
SACRAMENTO, CAL. 



Thle paper 18 printed with Ink Manufac- 
tured by Oiiarlea Eneu Johnson & Co., 5c-tJ 
South 10th 8t., Philadelphia. Branch Offi- 
ces— 47 Roae St., New York, and 40 La Salle 
Hi.. Chicago. Agent (or the Pacific Ooaxt— 
Joseph II- Luietj, 023 Uuumiatclal Si. B. W. 



-i-w-a.^ m mm - ■■J.-aw-i- -«i , 

NURSERY -A- 1>J" H> SEEDSMAN, 

(Successor to D. TISCH) 
No. 479 Seventh St., bet. Broadway and Washington, Oakland, Cal. 



A PULL LINE OF FRUIT, SHADE AND ORNAMENTAL TRKKS ALWAYS ON HAND. SKF:DS 
of all classes kept in stock. LAYING OUT OF GROUNDS a Specialty. Twenty-five jears experience in 
England ami America. 



SEEDS 



ALBERT DICKINSON 

OXA1.ER I.N 

rimothy, Clp'pr, Flax, Hungarian, Millet, Red hp, 
Bine Cms. Lavs Orut, Orchard On::. Slrd *c. 
POP CORN. 

U'ARI-HOHSES: ,._ ,, . 

i lS .K7&M9Kinii e i5t. ° ffice . 115 Kinzie St., 
104, 106, 108 & no Michigan Sc. CHICAGO. ILL. 



"VICTOR" WROUGHT IRON 

DOOR HANGER AND RAIL 

The abo\c cut tfhoWE 
the method of att •eh 
tng the improved Vic 
ToR Door Hanger, the 
simplicity and practical 
application of which 
immediately commends 
itself to those who ha\ c 
suffered from the incon- 
veniences of the many 
poor appliances which 
have been put on the 
market. The VI»TOR 
Hanger combines the 

following excellent 
qualities : 

It is made (c.vept. the 
wheels) ol wrought 
iron, in a thorough 
manner. The wheels 
have steel ax les and are 
made pcrlcctly true. 

The track has a raised 
center, behind which 
the lip of the hanger 

projects to prevent derai'iuont. Tl ,< ,> heel !ra\ < Is both on Uivi and Axi.r., the axle traveling on the hanger bar and 
the rim on the track rail, thus overcoming all fiiction and making this the I \ s 1 EST WIIKKIMI HANGER 




I N I SKI For Sale only by 



AUSTIN BROTHERS, Sole Agents, 

Stockton, 0«1. 



PACIFIC FRUIT COMPANY, 

408 and 410 Davis St., San Francisco, Cal. 
BRANCH HOUSE 10O6 SECOND STREET, SACRAMENTO, CAL 



. WlloLKMAl.K AM' COMMISSION IlK.A LKKS l> 



Green & Dried Fruits, Raisins, Oranges, Lemons, Nuts, Honey, Potatoes 

And All Other Varieties of Produce. 
ORDERS WILL BE CAREFULLY FILLED. CONSIGNMENTS SOLICITED. 

fSTLtraUfc Adv an' ks Maui w hen desired. Having liest facilities for sale of Fruit and Produce, we respectfully 
ask v our patronage. Agents in Sacramento, EI Iioradn, Placer and Volo Counties for the Zimmerman Kruit Drier. 



DIRECTORS 



W. c. BLAi'KWooIi, Kruit (Jn.wer, Hay wards. 
W. W. COZZENS, Fruit Grower, San .lose. 
SYDNEY M. SMITH, President Cutting Packing Co. 

A. D. CUTLER, Supt. Cutting Packing Co. 



M. T. BKEWEK, late M. T. Brewer & Co. 
ROBERT HOWE, late Howe & Hall. 
CHAS. B. JENNINGS, San Francisco. 
N. K. MASTEN, San Francisco. 



Catalogues and Handsome Cards free to all. Machines Delivered, 
Fie'ght Paid to any Railroad Station or Steamer Landing. 

Hid Machines taken in Eicnanae, ''HOUSEHOLDS" repaired Iree lor 5 years, 
SAMUEL HILL ESTATE, 

( *wf»w /" if A HK SHKLItQN. I 
y, 11 arid 13 FIRST ST., - SAN FRANCISCO. 

QfOI ral Agent for the Popular Favorite of the Eastern States, 

THE LIGHT RUNNING 



ECOUSEHOLD 




City Salesrooms, 634 Ma-ket street, opposite Palace Hotel. 



T ELtPiio.Nt 320. 



Spraying Fruit Trees and Vines. 

THE EXCELSIOR PUMP, 

No 1 , on ba^e Copper Lined Brass Seats and Valves, is the Moat Powerful Pump; 
made Expressly for that purpose 

H0LBR00K, MERRILL & STETSON, Agents, 

Cor Market and Beale Bte., Sau 1' iaiiclaoo. 



HOWE SCALES 



U. S. STANDARD. 

RAILROAD, 
WAGON, 
COAL, 
ORAIN. 
MINERS'. 
DORMANT, 
PORTABLE, 

and 
GROCERS' 
Scales 
pjONSTANTI.Y ON HAND. Also, Fl'LL LINK OF 

Store. Mill and Warehouse Trucks. 

I> \ VI II N. II \ H l.KV Agent. 

117 ami 110 Market Street, - - SAN FRANCISCO. 




FOR SALE ! 

OIXTE SECONDHAND 
OxlO — 

STRAW-BURNING ENGINE, 

....IK.... 

Good Running Order. 

E L. RANSOME, 
402 Montgomery St, - San Francisco 

CENTENNIAL WINDMILLS. 



Li 
I A 



i HKsT PKEMH'M at 
Santa Clara County Agricultu- 
| ral Society's Fair m 1*79, 18S0, 
I 1*81, aiul 1882, and at the statu 
Fair in IS83. J. BLACK - 
WELI., owner arid manu- 
facturer in the following conn- 
ties: Sacramento, I' laccr, 
Merced, Fresno, Solano, So- 
noma. Tulare. El Dorado, Co- 
luaa, Huttc, Tuolumne, Sutter, 
Yuba, Tehama, Shaata, Menrin 
cino, San Francisco, Marin, 
Lassen, Trinity, Mono, Invo, 
Alpine, Modoc, Del Norte, 
Mariposa, and Plumas. 

J. BLACK WEI, I., 
r. I). Box 7:>R, San .lose, Cal. 



INDIANAPOLIS 

CHAIR MANUFACTURING CO, 



This old and reliable Inn is mm located, at tlicir 
New Building, 

Number 7,">o Mission Street, s a n Ki anci„< ,,. 

This iaumoiM stun turc is KixKJO feet, four stories and 
basement. The tirst and second stories are used as sale- 
rooms for a new .md select class of goods of latest design 
and patterns. Parties «ishiuu to furnish a house will save 
from lfi to i r , ]>cr cent by pDXl hasing their goods here. 



OTIir III Y Fits' (it IDK U U- 
r..od Maxell and Sept., endi 
year: 216 pages, 8! x 1 1 1 
indies, with over ;$,;JOO 
illustrations -a wboja pU> 
lure gallery. Gives wrote- 
tale prices direct to eoiuttMeraoB all goods 
for personal or family use. Tills bow 
to oiiler, and gives exact cost of every- 
thing you use, cat, drink, wear, or have 
fun wi'tli. TkeM invaluable Ixioks eon> 
tain information gleaned from the mar' 
kets of the world. We will mail a copy 
Free to any address upon receipt of the 
postage — 7 cents. Let us hear from vou. 
Respectfully, 

MONTGOMERY WARD 4 CO- 

•S7 A KS9 Wabaah Ave,,,,.-. Chlcaa-o. HL 



PILES ! PILES ! A SPECIALTY ! 



I W. P. H .\ 
fl • M.. San F 



KTI.KV, Iff. I>., 634 SI TTKK 



'lint-asrs nf the rectum Hiicccssfnllv trcat< H withmit knife 
• •r 1 1 _ . 1 1 1 1 1" i etc By purniisHion refer to the fullowing 
patients: J. (>. .lephKon, 7ft' Market St.; .1. W. Rilev, 
2h'Z Market St.; Edward Martin, 40S Front St., and man\ 
others. From ("apt. ('has. E. Shillaber, Cordelia, Molano 
county, Cal. : 

Dr. J. W. K. IlAKTLRv.San Knnci-co - Dear Sir: I 
iny rame in print or au,\ other w%y. Will cheerful I> re- 
ply by letter to an\ sufferer jBoainng of me. Your treat- 
ment of my r.iM' was remarkaWle. While uitdvr your caro 
I did not Miff i r as much pain altogether as I did in otic 
hour with the fistula. Yours very gratefully— Ciurleh 
K. Sun. i. .,■►■(■ 




FIELD'S 
Orchard Force Pump. 

rna CHEAPEST ami 
BENT Pump la the World | 

£4T t ■ i 1 1 a,la|H*Mj for epraviiik' 
Fruit Trees. Will throw a xtea.lv 
atreaiii 60 ft. Send for t'atalofnie. 
BAKKR A ll.VMII.lfM. &»u Fiau- 
moo, Cal. 



July 12, 1884.] 



PA6IFI6 F^URAL PRESS. 



CALIFORNIA STATE FAIR, 



_A.t Sacramento, 

SEPTEMBER 8th TO THE 20th. 
Two Weeks. 

The attention of the Farming community of this State 
is particularly call' d to the liberal awards offered for 

COUNTY EXHIBITS. 

The intense interest manifested by the exhibition of 
the various cereal productions made by Sonoma Count} , 
through the Sonoma County Pomona Grange, both in 
California and the Eastern States, where the exhibit was 
forwarded, has encouraged the Board to offer for the 
Most Extensive, Perfect and Varied Exhibit 
of Farm Products (exclusive of live stock) ex- 
hibited as a County Production, the sum of 
$600, divided into Four Cash Premiums: 

For the but display &S00 Of) 

For the the second best display ISO 00 

For the third best display 11)0 00 

For the fourth best display 50 00 

Competition to be between counties only. Not more 
than one premium can be awarded to any one county. If 
agreeable to Exhibitors, the Premium lots 
will be forwarded, at the <dose of the Fair, 
to the World's Fair at New Orleans. 

The S.atc Board of Agriculture earnestly desires the 
hearty eo operation of the various Subordinate Granges 
throughout the State in making this exhibition of Califor- 
nia's products a success, whereby we may fully show at the 
World's Fair the great productive qualities of our State. 
We would ask the appointment of a committee from the 
(•range in each county to call upon and urge the Patrons 
to make a display representing their respective counties. 

The State Exposition Building, containing 1 24 ,(100 square 
feet of floor space, covering an area of ground loo feet 
square, will be occupied for the first, time. Ample space, 
well lighted aud airy; never has there been such an op- 
portunty offered to make a State display. 

jfarScnd for Premium Lists. 

P. A. PINNIGAN, President. 

Kiiwin F. Smith, Secretary. 

HORTON & KENNEDY'S 

FAMOUS 

ENTERPRISE 

Self-Regulating 

WINDMILL 

Is recognized as 
the Bust. 

Alwaysgives satisfaction. SIMPLE, 
STRONG and DURABLE in all parts. 
Solid Wrought iron Crank Shaft with 
double bear iNos for the Crank to 
work in, all turned and run in adjust- 
able babbitted boxes. 

Positively Self-Regulating, 

With no coil springs, or springe of any kind. No little 
rods, joints, levers, or anything of the kind to get out of 
order, as such things do Mills In use 6 to 12 years in 
good order now, that have never cost one cent for repairs 
all genuine Enterprise Mills for the Pacific Coast trade 
come only through this agency, and none, whether of 
the old or latest pattern, are genuine except those bear 
ing the "Enterprise Co." stamp. Look out for this, as 
inferior mills are being offered w ith testimonials applied 
to them which were given for ours. Prices to suit the 
times. Full particulars free. Best Pumps, Feed Mills, 
etc., kept in stock. Address, 

HORTON & KENNEDY, 

GENERAL OFFICE AND SUPPLIES (as always before) 

LI VEHMORE, ALAMEDA CO., CAL. 
San Francisco Agency-JAMES LINFOBTH 
23 Main St., near Market, S. F. 




ESTABLISHED 1875. 



200 ACRES. 



GRANGERS' BANK 

OF CALIFORNIA, 

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 

Authorized Capital, • - $1,000,000 

In 10,000 Shares of $100 each. 

Capital Paid up in Gold Coin, $645,360. 

Reserved Fund and Paid up Stock, $21,178. 
OFFICERS: 

A. I). LOGAN President 

I C. STEELE Vice-President 

ALBERT MONTPELLIER Cashier a r J Manager 

FRANK McMULLEN Secretary 

DIRECTORS: 

A. D. LOGAN, President Colusa County 

H J. LEWELLING, Napa County 

J. H. GARDINER Rio Vista, Cal 

T. E. TYNAN Stanislaus County 

URIAH WOOD Santa Clara County 

J. C. MERYFIELD Solano County 

H. M. LARUE Yolo County 

I. C. STEELE San Mateo County 

THOMAS McCONNELL Sacramento County 

C. J. CRESS EY Merced County 

SENECA EWER Napa County 

CURRENT ACCOUNTS are opened and conducted in the 

usual way, bank books balanced up, and statements of 

accounts rendered every month. 
LOANS ON WHEAT and country produce a specialty. 
COLLECTIONS throughout the Country arc made 

promptly and proceeds remitted aB directed. 
GOLD and SILVER deposits received. 
CERTIFICATES of DEPOSIT issued payable on demand 
BILLS OF EXCHANGE of the Atlantic States bought 

and gold. ALBERT MONTPELLIER, 

Cashier and Manager. 

San Francisco, Jan. 15, 1882. 





J. LUSK & SON, - - - - Proprietors. 
W. P. HAMMON, Business Manager. 




,000 000 NON-IRRIGATED FRUIT TREES 



FOR THE SEASON OF 1884-85. 



Embrauiiig.all tho Loading Varieties of Apple, Pear, Peach, Plum, Prune, Apricots, Nectarines and Cherries 
Also the Largest and Moat Complete Assortment of 

NEW ANT) ZEt^rMEI FRUITS 

On the Pacific Coast, including many California productions of great promise. 



WINDMILLS. IIORSK POWKRS. TANK?. AND 
all kinds of Pumping Machinery built to order. 
51 BealeSt., ) V W PrjnPTJ 9 PH I Patentees & 
San Fran'co. f I , ff . JxtlUuil a UU. \ Sole Prop'r. 



KELSEY'S JAPAN PLUM 

THE NOVELTY OF THE SEASON. 




Rrmittancks to this office should he made by postal order 
or registered letter, when practicable. Cost of postal 
order, for $lf> or less, 10 els. ; for registered letter, in addi- 
tion to regular postage (at 3 cte. pec ball ounce), 10 cts. 



THE LARGEST AND MOST VALUABLE OF ALL PLUMS. 

The Greatest Plum for Shipping Long Distances, 

Remaining Solid Longer than any other. 
Ripens in September. The Earliest in Bearing. 

The Largest Fruit. The Smallest Pit. 

The Finest Quality. The Best Shipper. 

The Most Attractive. A Regular Bearer. 
ONE OF THE MOST PRODUCTIVE. 

A valuable acquisition to our list of Eastern Shipping Fruits, possessing all the merits >>f our best Plums, with 
added firmness and brightness of color: hence, with its immense size, it is the most profitable for market, and the 
most desirable for general use of all Plums. 



Headquarters for the 

BERKELEY GOOSEBERRY 



LARGE STOCK OP 



SHADE and ORNAMENTAL TREES, 

EVERGREENS, SHRUBS, ROSES, 

Clematis and Flowering Plants, Small Fruits, Grapevines, Etc. 



R. M. BEEBEE'S 

Horse Power for Pumping. 




50 in Use; 20 Sold in last few Months. 

Stood the test of four years; pumps 2,000 to 3,000 gal 
Ions an hour; simple, durable, compact— all in a bunch; 
runs easy and steady; no fly wheels, no jerk or jar. 

"Best Horse Pump made." — H. J. Robinson, Gridley 
Stables. 

"Recommend it to all."— Dan Streetcr, Biggs' Station. 
"Don't want anything better for my use."— E. C. 
Reynolds, Chico, Cal. 
these arc a few testimonials. 

KOR SAL?; BY -Haw ley Bros.' Hardware Co., San 
Francisco; Holnian, Stanton & Co. , Sacramento; Hubbard 
& Earlc, Chico, Cal., or the Inventor and Patentee, 

R. M. BEEBEE, 

GRIDLEY, CAL. 

MAGICAL, MATCHLESS, 

MAGNETISM ! 



Our Trees are grown on New Ground without Irrigation, and are 
FREE FROM ALL INSECTS and DISEASE. 

/^Before Purchasing elsewhere, people intending to plant Trees will find it to their 
interest to come and see our Stock and learn our Prices- 

NURSERIES AND RESIDENCE-NORTH TEMESCAL. 

The University and Telegraph Avenue Street Cars Stop at the Nurseries. 
*sr CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED. Address 

J. XjUSK c*3 son, 

472 Ninth St., Oakland, Cal. 




MAGNETIC MITTEN. 

HEAL TH1TSELFI 

Equalize your circulation and relieve i ongested condi- 
tion bj using the MAGNETIC MITTEN. If you are tired 
of obi failures and antiquated methods of regaining 
health, get a Belt or Vest and know what real comfort and 
enjoyment are. All forms of Kidney and Liver Troubles, 
Malaria and Blood Poison, Rheumatism, Neuralgia and 
Dyspepsia absolutely cured by our Shields. Foot Bat- 
teries (SI) cure all foot and ankle troubles. £STSend for 
book, "A Plain Road to Health," free. 

CHICAGO MAGNETIC SHIELD CO., 
106 Post St.. San Francisco. 

THE FARM 

MACHINE OIL! 

Farmers, Proprietors of Threshing Ma- 
chines, Headers, Etc. 

What is the use of paying from $1.2i> to $1.40 per gallon 
for Castor Oil when you can buy the famous "FARM 
MACHINE" OIL, every way equal, for 25 per cent. less. 

S3! Write the Continental Oil and Transportation Co. 
San Francisco, Cal , for sample and trj it. 

LUBRIOE. 

The most serviceable and excellent compound made. 
Address for Oil and Lubricating Compound THE CON 
TINENTAL OIL AND TRANSPORTATION CO., at San 
Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, Los Angeles, Stockton, Sac- 
ramento, Cal., Denver, Pueblo, Gunnison, Col., Ogden or 
Salt Lake City, Utah, Portland, Oregon, or 

CHARLES J. WOODBURY, 

General Manager Lub. Dept. C. O. & T. Co., 
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 



THE ECONOMY HAY PRESS 




Everybody in need of a Hay Press should not fail to 
look after and Iroj the ECONOMY. Hundreds of them 
are in use in California It is the only Hay Press giving 
entire satisfaction in the Pacific States. 

43TFor full information, address, 

GEO. ERTEL & CO., Manuf'rs, 

QUINCY, ILLS. 

Or Baker & Hamilton, San Francisco 

and Saoramento, Cal. 




RUPTURE 



Mwhrtel* cured in 80 t" 00 
dure, I'v Dr. Pierce's rntri.i 
Macnetie ElaBtic Truss, 
silted the onlyXleotrloTruM 

in the world. Entirely difli-reiilfrom 
1 other* Perfect Retainer, and is worn 
with ease and eomforl niglitandday. Cured 
the renowned Dr. J. .Milium of New York, 
and hundred* of others. Now Illustrated paui- 
ihlel free, containing full infbrmatii - 

> -*-«-»■ IPO f \ U DAU\i 

6aL 



^<sS»' phlet free.e.iTihiiningrullinl'ormaHon. 



10 



PA6IFI6 F<URAL PRESS. 



[July 12, 1884 



MITCHELL, FISCHER & KETSCHER. 



STRAW BURNING ENGINES! 

We desire to call the attention of Threshers to our new and Improved Kiigines tor Held use. They have been designed especially t<> meet all that is demanded of Kngineii hy Threshers on 
this Coast. The Boilers are I'atented by us. We make three sizes of Boilers to order, with Kngiues to > suit, having 180, "200 and 'JiMt square feet of heating surface. As it is the effective 
Heating Surface of the Boiler, and not the size of the Engine ( yliuder alone which gives the Power, we have given the Heating Surface of the Boilers rather than the Diamoter of Cylinder and 
Stroke of the Kngine. The Boiler, however, having 2!K) square feet of heating surface, is used with our largest size 9x12 Kngines, which will run the heaviest threshing rigs in the field with 
ample power. We make our Kngines and Boilers of the best material and workmanship throughout, and think we can safely guarantee them to give entire satisfaction to all who may use them. 
We are not putting an untried machine in the field, as our Kngines have been in use for the past four years, and given entire satisfaction, as may be seen by the following Testimonials. We 
would request all who intend purchasing Threshing Kngines to call and sec us before purchasing elsewhere. 

YOUR ATTENTION IS RESPECTFULLY CALLED TO THE FOLLOWING TESTIMONIALS : 



(Jal.. .hilx 



31, I883t 



Messrs. UltcheU, Fischer .1 Krltchrr Sirs: This last engine, we got of 

xou. sites entire satislaetion. and runs our 10 inch separator with perfect bm I 
think it i* tnlh i- ft' our first one, if not Letter. I take pleasure in recommend- 
jug them to the threshing public, believing thi m to bo the I test in the field. 

Vour, truly, W. II. PARKINSON. 



Cal. 



n 



12, 18(W. 

Kci*<hrr- situs: Von wished to hear from me 
«hen I arrived and got to work with one of your engines. Everything is unrking all 
right, mul I think it is one of the beat engine- that I ever saw to keep up steam. W« 
have bad sonic cold, damp davs, but it docs not make any difference with it. Tie 
fireman and I do not turn out until the hell rings for breakfast, «e then light our tin 
and have plentv of steam in time to start. Yours 0. ,; TINI»AW.. 

||>M Thirl' St , ftuklnnd, Cal. 

Hm wards, Alameda Co., Cal., Dec. 6, IjSI 

Vet«n>. Miiehril Fi-chei I K> txeher Gentlemen; Your 8x10 engine ran iny 
36 inch separator finely during the season of 1*80, of 78 days, and also during the past 
Summer, and for a Straw Burner for Threshing purposes. I have found none t" excel fl 
it, or equal it for snfel v. durability, economy nnd power. SgS 

V II n vnksui R(i. «- : 




Suinan Citv, Salinas Valley , Monterey Co., Cal., Dec. j, I-- 1 

Venn. MUelu-ti, Fiacker A Krlnchcr Dkaii Sirs: I can chccrfullx say that lie' 
si m« Burner Kngine I hought of you last Spring has given me the best of tatisfwtiou. 
I ue>cr lacked power or steam. I have run threshing mart) toes in this country I? 
i ears and hav e used all kinds of engines, and the one I got of you is by far the best I 
« > ce used. I run my engine s. r , days, and it did not cost me one dollar for repairs, mi l 
i- the most |s>wcrfill nigim that I evir ran. I cannot s»v too nnu-li in its jjvor. 

Siucrrclv vours, ' W. II. WRBCAKVEK. 



isn, l ontr* ' "si» «'..., i al. 



I- 



Jf>- r«. tli>'htll, Ftscher .1 Kclscher I Hah Sine. Tbc Kngine bought of you 
in 1881. by me, ban given entire satisfaction; in fact it has done more than I expected 
of it, and has cooipli-tely fulfilled your recommendation. I have used other styles nnd 
been bothered gneastly'bv not being aide to keep up steam, but with this I bfTS MVer 
had any difficulty, and at all time ha\r heen aide to keep up 191 pounds of steam and 
furnish all the potver necessarx to run a large si/.e Stockton Reeleaoer in lulniutUmi 
with a lu iin h fiold Medal Separator I have also found that on account of the greater 

amount of heating snj face. it has ! • e- h easier to keep up steaoi and give tb« 

engine plentj of |s>\wr and in this re»| ■ t surpasses all otbpr engines for thrcshuu 
purposes with •< bi.-h I have had experience. Yours <• r trulj , 

.1 AM KH KtOTS. 



SoLEtiAD. >almas Valley, Monterey Co., C'aL, Nov. 20, 1881. 
Messrs. Mitt-he" Fischer .1 KiUthe- —Gentlemen: I find your engine, which I have, to be the most powerful 
one for field use of which I ha\e any knowledge, firing very easy and furnishing the full amount of power required 
during all times of the day. I run a 40-inch I'itt's Separator; at one tune we threshed four sacks per minute for a 
part uf the afternoon, keeping two nu k t> nders hus\ l he | ower on tic i ngduc kept up without anv change. 

Youis truly, YY. T. ABMSTltD.NC, 



M». Jim... Alatrwda Co., I'»l,, Si. ,11 L !•« ' 
Mdssrs Mitchell, Fischer J: K'ttcher— Dl.AR 8ms In reply to your letter I • an • lieerln My certify, after Using 
your engine for three seasons, in different parts ot the State, 8an Joaquin and Mali nit. < alleys, that I am familiar with 
all its workings and good qualities, and can sa\ that I consider it a Ar«t -class engine- sons setter. It is very suit 
able and in every way available for thr foggy i oast i-ounties, where none bul • good engine can possibly jiu 
satisfaction. Vours truly, I,. B. AN WA V. 



SECOND HAND ENGINES OF VARIOUS SIZES AND MANUFACTURE FOR SALE OR TO RENT. 



■SEND FOR CinCUT_,AR.' 



MITCHELL, FISCHER & KETSCHER, 



625 TVIyx'tlo St., noar Mnrltet St. Depot, 




As a family remedy, wc are safe in making the hold 
assertion that no liniment exists that will compare with 
the H. H. H. in curing th« following diseases: 

K 11 II M ATISM— Apply freely to the part* affected 
and lake internally from 10 to 20 drops in from 2 to 3 
tahlespnonfuls of water 3 times a day. 

MAKKHCKA-IIohc, as above. 

COLIC— Same as above, repeated every hall hour 
until relieved. 

TOOTH A CHK Saturate a piece of cotton and put 
jt in the tooth, repeat in 15 minutes if not rcliexcd. 

All other aches and p.ins apply freely to tin- parts 
affected. 

As a hursc medicine it is sujicrior to any liniment ever 
invented For KINGBONK, SPAVIN, SWF.K- 
N BY, CALLOUS LUMPS and all OLD SORKS, 
apply freely so as to blister, from three to fi\c days in 
succession, and, in four or fixe days, if not cured, repeat 
asatflrst SPRAINS. STIFF JOINTS, ISKI1S- 
KS, WIND OALLS, and all slight ailments, apply a 
small quantity, so as not to blister. NADIII.K 
SOKKS, CI TS, and all other sores where the skin is 
broken, mix the liniment half and half w ith any kiwi of 
oil acd apply in moderation. 

H. H. MOORE & SONS. 

PROPRIETORS. 



HARVESTERS' HEADQUARTERS! 

THE NEW STOCKTON 

WHEAT CLEANER. 




STILL 
AHEAD! 

ANOTHER 
YEAR'S 
SUCCESS! 



2SO IN XTJSE I3NT CAXjIFOHIMI A I 

57 Sold last Year and every one gave Perfect Satisfaction. 
Allg. Wolff ! ilia's 1 " ! BOOk Binder, j CAPACITY 180 Sacks per hour. Can be attached to any Thrashing Machine. 



NOW BEADY! 
L. O. EMERSON'S NEW BOOK 

Choral Worship ! 



Choirs, Singing Classes, and Musical Con- 
ventions. 

lull Church Music Book size. Price 01.00, 
CHORAL WORSHIP lias 3-ti pagci. 
CHOR.II. WORSHIP has 100 jiages of DotuenU, 

Kxorcises, Ka»y and Graded Song* in one, two, or more. 

(tarts, I >lccs, etc A good variety. 
CHORAL WORSHIP has 7;, iiagos of the bc-t 

Metrical Tunes. 
CHORAL WORSHIP has 110 pages of the Onset 

Anthems, Motet*, Sentences, etc., lor Choir use. 
CHORAL WORSHIP has SS pages of miscellaneous 

matter, including good material for Concert Binding 

and for training tbc voice. 

i in the whole, Choral Worship is a book for tin 

times. ap]>eariiig as Chorus, Choir and Choral Singing i* 
again coming in favor, and creating a demand for ju«t 
what this book supplies- In the best way. 
Send .«1 for Specimen Copy. 

SONG WORSHIP (just out) is a Sundav School 
Song Rook of the greatest promise, by Kmersoii awl Slier- 
win. Send cents for one specimen copv. 

OLIVER DITS0N & CO., Boston. 



C. II. D1TS0N4C0., 



867 Broadway, New York- 



SAN JOSE FOUNDRY, 

San Jose, Califoriiin 



. mam ta< ti ar.8. 



McCall's Road Grader and Ditcher 




MUK1C ANIi MAGAZINES 

Buuuvl al ;jlioi l IluUCa au-J Larval DM) rikm 



Seud for ILLUSTRATED CATALOOI'K and PRP'E LIST. ADPRBfcS : 



L. Q. THOMrsON, Stockton, Cal, 



0\cr tine Hundred Machines in use in California, and 
many in Montana ami other Territories all giting per 
feet satisfaction. 

Pelton's Six Fold Geared Hoise Puacr for 
TbreahltiK, Mm > erv beat in uae, »t ;tcat!.. Kc- 
duietl Ratej Vhx:: .•u ! i-.r r«r.t Lu>L 




TWEITTY DP_A_GKE lEZDITIOnST. 



Vol. XXVIII-No. 3.] 



SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1884. 



i S'5 =t feu, iii idvanrr, 

( Single Copies, 10 Ois 



Hop Picking, 

Ah the hop harvest is approaching, and as 
there is a feeling of satisfaction throughout the 
hop districts because of the large yield prom- 
ised and the good price which seems to be war- 
ranted, wc have thought it timely to give our 
readers a few illustrated sketches pertaining to 
tho hop industry. This we are aided to do by 
an excellent treatise* which has just been pub- 
lished, and which 
should be in the bcok« 
case of every hop 
grower in the country. 

As introductory to 
the subject, wc give 
herewith a rather fan- 
ciful sketch of hop 
picking in Germany. 
1 1 represents hop grow - 
ing on a small scale, 
where the vine is taken 
into the house to be 
robbed of its yellow 
fruit, and the; picking 
has both social and 
industrial features. 
The clock shows t at 
it is the noon hour, 
which, perhaps ac- 
counts for the jollity 
which is depicted by 
the artist. From the 
maiden who is shown 
on the left, coying 
with her admirer 
through the lattice, to 
the sportive youngster 
who has taken posses- 
sion for a moment <>f 
his father's pipe, it is 
plain that fun rules 
the hour. The only 
hint of business is 
seen through the open 
door, where the travel- 
ing hop buyer is seen giving himself down 
weight with the sack of hops, which is already 
closed and branded. 

There is a social side to the hop gathering in 
all the older hop countries. The work is light 
and clean and profitable, and it is common for 
nearly the whole community of women and 
older children to e<|uip themselves with calico 
dresses and sun hats, and betake to the awning- 
covered hop boxes which are now generally in 
use. It is true that there is a side of question- 
able behavior where the mixed crowd of pickers 
from the villages and cities are gathered in the 
hop yards, and evil sometimes runs riot, but 
this results, of course, from the indiscriminate 
introduction of strangers to the hop fields. 
Where the neighborhood furnishes the pickers, 
the work is pleasant and the iutluences unob- 
jectionable. 

Until recently hop picking in California has 
had but very little poetry about it. The work 
has been given to Indians or Chinamen, and 
the household has taken no part therein. The 
advance in wages and the scarcity of laborers 

■ "Hep Culture in tliu I'nitcd States," being a practi- 
cal treatise on hop growing in Washington Territory, 
Iran the c utting to the bale, by E. Meeker, to which is 
added an exhaustive article on "Hop Growing in the 
Vnited States," hv W. A. Lawrence, Esq., with illustra- 
tions, published by E. Meeker & Co., Washington Terri- 
tory. Eor sale by Dewey & Co., '252 Market street San 
Prandfcco Price, *1 SO. 



induced the hop growers last year to call upon 
the women and the children for assistance, and 
the result according to the Ukiah papers was 
quite satisfactory to all concerned. This year 
the same sort of help will be largely employed, 
and we may expect a regular flow of unem- 
ployed women and children to the hop fields 
during the picking season as is common at the 
East. 

The treatise on li >p growing to which we 



touch; when the extreme petals project in a 
prominent manner at the tip of the hop; when 
the color is changed from a light, silvery green 
to a deep primrose yellow, and when on open- 
ing the (lower the cuticle of the seeds is of a 
purple color, and the kernel or seed itself is 
hard like a nut. Kven after the hop has at- 
tained a lightish -brown color no real injury to 
its quality will have accrued, and for many 
purposes, such hops are most esteemed in the 




The Crops. 

Growers will, of course, have to guard against 
the many reports which are now being pub- 
lished by the city newspapers, to the effect 
that there was no damage to speak of done by 
the June rains, and that a tremendous amount 
of grain, hay, etc., will be brought forward. 
The effect of these reports, whether the 
writers are aware of it or not, is to 
depress values. The 
information acts upon 
buyersand strengthens 
their disposition to 
bear prices which is 
always strong enough. 
It also has a tendenc y 
' to weaken the views of 
grain holders, and 
makes them more mel- 
low in the hands of the 
buyers. It is unfortu 
inate in every way to 
[exaggerate the- out- 
\ ;ome of a crop, ami 

\ 



HOP GATHERING A JOLLY SCENE IN A GERMAN HOUSEHOLD. 



have alluded, gives full details of the manner 
of picking the signs of ripeness in the hop, the 
size of the boxes used in the different districts, 
etc., which are too long for reproduction in our 
columns. We will, however, give a paragraph 
concerning the ripeness of the hop which will 
perhaps be of practical advantage to the many 
inexperienced persons who will be gather- 
ing hops the first time this year. 

Before picking begins the yard is carefully 
examined to select the ripest portion. At best 
the work must begin prior to the hops being 
fully ripe, or else before the picking is done the 
hops would be over-ripe and be injured. A 
hop when fully ripe and well matured will be 
well and compactly closed at the point; it be- 
comes harsh and crisp to the touch and makes 
a rustling noise when clasped in the hand. The 
seed will be hard, and a dark purple color. 
The color of the hop will have changed from a 
greenish cast to a light yellow or golden. The 
lupuline will be abundant, not only at the base 
of the leaf or carpel, but will extend well out 
on the leaf; the little yellow globules of lupu- 
line will show brighter and larger than in an 
unripe hop. Great loss in weight as well as of 
value follows from early picking. Another 
description of a ripe hop found in Morton's 
Cyclopaedia says: "A hop may be considered 
I ripe when it becomes hard 'and crisp to the 



market.'' We expect in future issues to give 
sketches of the latest improved forms of hop 
kilns, and to present other matter interesting 
to hop growers. We shall he pleased to hear 
from this class of our readers, to publish re- 
ports of their meetings, and to otherwise serve 
the intere.sting industry in which they are en- 
gaged. 



A New Textile. — Naturalists in Russia claim 
to have made a discovery in reference to the 
epilobium plant, which may revolutionize the 
cotton trade of Europe. The epilobium, more 
popularly known as the "willow herb," from 
the shape of its leaves, has hitherto been culti- 
vated solely for its flower, which grows from 
the top of the pod. The Hussian savants now 
claim that this pod can be made to yield a fiber 
possessing many of the valuable qualities of 
cotton fiber. In the experiments already made, 
this fiber has been ginned, spun and woven suc- 
cessfully on a small scale. An economic society 
in St. Petersburg has now petitioned the Czar to 
set aside some state lands for the scientific cul- 
tivation of epilobium and the continuation of 
the experiments for improving the fiber. It is 
claimed by some enthusiasts that the result of 
this discovery will be in time to avert 
the necessity for the importation of cotton 
into Russia, 



sometimes it cuts as 
deeply in the city as 
in the country. Last 
year the great reports 
y of the surplus of wheat 
to be gathered, made 
the city speculators 
\ wild on the subject 
I of wheat charters, and 
' some houses of large 
resources were wrecked 
by the gamble in bot- 
toms. This peculiar 
movement correctedit- 
self, so far as the wheat 
owner was concerned, 
for although it depres- 
sed the value of the 
grain, it gave cheaper 
.freights, anil so one 
( jresult olfset the other. 
We read with a gloomy sort 'of interest the 
many glowing reports which are put forth just 
at this season by the city statisticians, but we 
do not print them nor base conclusions upon 
them, except the one conclusion that they are 
apt to mislead and to depress values which 
are generally low enough when the pro- 
ducers rewards are considered. There will 
be a good deal of grain this year of 
course, but there has been a good 
deal of grain before and it is rather presumptu- 
ous to cry down values just at a time when they 
are far lower than they have been before at this 
time of the year since ( alifornia became a great 
wheat State. When prices are at bedrock, at 
or below the actual cost of production, the 
tendency is always upward. 

There is another thing which we do not tike, 
and that is the concerted attempt to advance 
interest on loans cn wheat. Such a thing is 
now reported, and farmers may lose the ad- 
vantage of low interest. A great virtue 
has been made of fair action in this regard on 
the part of the hanks, and if they have done it 
to raise on the interest as the farmers learned 
to trust them for accommodation, it is a piece 
of business which we did not suspect them of. 
There is no real reason for any such action, and 
if persisted in perhaps there will be a heap of 
unemployed money lying in thvU vaults. 



42 



pAeiFie f^URAL f RESS. 



[July 19, 1884 



QoF^RESPO^I DENSE. 



Notes on French Agriculture. 

Ki>itok> PRESS : — The ensilage of maize has 
now entered regularly in rotations; but great 
as are the advantages of this innovation, it is 
not intended to supersede root crops. It is 
never considered other than an aid to spring 
feeding when mangels and turnips fall short, 
and the soiling is yet too young. It is also a 
kind of safeguard against short supplies of hay; 
.gainst dry summers and cold springs. The 
principle is accepted in France. It is being 
made known by lecturers and publications. 
Those who adopt ensilage devote their atten- 
tion to plans for making it more useful, also 
cheap with respect to the silo. In Vendee and 
the West of France, where cabbage is exten 
sivcly cultivated, that green crop is being ex- 
perimented upon. The variety known as choHX 
rnoillier has an excellent reputation. It can 
weigh as much as IS pounds, and yields - 2.> to 
:::: tons per acre. Mixed with bran, brewers' 
grains and sliced beet, it promises to make an 
excellent silo, appetizing food. The roots cor- 
rect the tendency of the cabbage to flavor the 
butter. I know a gentleman who prevents his 
butter from such flavor, produced from feeding 
his stock principally on cabbage, by adding a 
little of the finest olive oil to the cream before 
churning. The same ought to be also effica- 
cious in the case of turnip rations. An imple- 
ment manufacturer has brought out an im- 
proved maize chaffer. The machine cuts the 
green maize from half an inch and upwards, as 
desired. A current of air wafts the cuttings 
through a tube that can be lengthened or low- 
ered at will, like a crane, so as to throw the 
mass into the silo. The cost of the machine is 
T. c >0 francs. 

This Year's Crops. 

F.xcept for the extending ravages of the 
phylloxera, French farmers would not have 
much to complain of this season, so far. The 
grass crop is short and light, but hopes are en- 
tertained that the aftermath may turn out well. 
In any case, interculary crop* .arc being taken. 
Cereals are well eared, and the tilling promises 
fairly. The rains, warm and refreshing, are 
telling favorably on roots. The beet crop will 
be a fair average, but the area of land under it 
will be less than last year. The sugar industry 
appears to be iii a state of confiibion. The 
manufacturers are not opposed to levying the 
fiscal dues on the routs rather than on the 
juice, but they demand the government to ac- 
cord them a bounty, in order to hold the market 
against the German and Russian products. In 
the end they may succeed, as have the ship 
builders. No farmer complains respecting the 
custom;,' dues on live stock being more than 
doubled. No augmentation will take place re- 
specting grain, but that on Hour will be in- 
creased. Prance is free to do as she pleases to 
protect her interests against the foreigner: only 
when the latter does the same she ought not to 
lecture him on free trade. 

Percheron Horses. 

It is to be hoped that the tide which has set 
in of barring out the foreigner will not be ap- 
plied to the exportation of I'erchcron horses. 
Complaints arc in the air that the best stallions 
are bought up by Americans, and the Aus- 
tralians now intend entering the field. A com- 
pany of Australians purpose establishing breed- 
ing and purchasing studs in the departments of 
the Orne, Saithe and Kure-et-Loire, the best 
regions of the l'ercherons. The 'bus companies 
and carriers, who arc large purchasers of this 
breed, lament the competition which has run uo 
the price of horses. The breeders cannot Bab- 
scribe tothe8e narrow views, and if the demand 
be so brisk, the reason is stronger to augment 
the production. Not more than "200 l'erche- 
rons, of which 130 are stallions, are exported 
annually . 

The local breeders have had a happy thought 
in converting their annual fair into a kind of 
yearly show. The first of these gatherings 
has just been held, and the exhibits were very 
piomising. The occasion was seized to found a 
stud-book, to chronicle the blood. It is said 
Belgium contemplates crossing her draught 
breeds with the l'ercheron: probable result, to 
destroy the good qualities of both as each 
have their specialty. 

Agricultural Banks. 

French agriculture is making rapid strides: 
it would walk with something like seven-league 
boots did the farmers possess any national sys- 
tem of banking accommodation. An agricul- 
turist is not viewed by the Bank of France as a 
trader, hence his paper is refused commercial 
accommodation. There are roundabout ways 
of coming to the rescue, but they are too dila- 
tory, too uncertain, and too coBtly. 

The Italian farmers are a model in this way. 
they form in each canton a mutual guarantee 
for one another, and that arranged, the popular 
banks immediately advance the funds, and at a 
rate of interest, not at all of a hampering charac 
ter. Temporary loans to farmers are useless if 
not for eighteen months; longer for permanent 
improvements. The FVench farmer must apply 
to usurers if he has no friends. Me can of 



course mortgage his holding, generally his own 
property, but the law expenses alone would 
amount to ten per cent a two years interest at 
five per cent. Such loans ought not to be 
either more expensive or more difficult to ne- 
gotiate, than ordinary commercial paper. 

Uses of Salt. 

Salt is a commodity next to a necessity for 
French farmers; yet it is so heavily taxed, sur- 
rounded with so many irritating conditions, as 
to limit i ts employ. You cannot cart a barrel 
of sea water to your home, without permission 
of the authorities. You would be suspected of 
wanting to cheat the revenue, perhaps, by manu- 
facturing your own salt. The tax brings in 
over three millions of francs annually to the ex- 
chequer; better reduce that and make up the 
deficiency on drink licenses. Mixed with lime, 
salt is beneficial for all crops. It is generally 
applied at the rate of three to four cents per 
acre, and is most efficacious, according to Bous 
singault, when mixed with t wo thirds of its 
weight of lime or more. Salt exercises a most 
favorable influence on the formation of the ear. 
of wheat, barley and oats, and adds to the 
weight of the grain itself. In the case of pota 
toes, the action is marked, the soda replacing 
the potash in that plant; but it is in colza that 
salt tells with most benefit. For feeding man- 
gels, salt is excellent: but it is detrimental 
when beet is cultivated for sugar. 1 1 was Davy 
who first directed attention to the volume of 
salt in the agricultural point of view . It aug- 
ments the appetite of stock, and enables the lat- 
ter to consume acid or inferioi herbage. The 
farmers /»r< .« ttaU « sheep, that command the 
highest price with the butcher, arc fed on the 
salt marshes of Lower Normandy, and the coast 
of Charente-lnferieurc. Mixed with guano and 
urine, salt pre\ euts the escape of ammonical 
fumes. M. Vctlcr concluded the ultimate ac- 
tion of salt was, to convert organic matters into 
nitrate of soda. In any case, before employing 
salt, the nature of the soil ought to be carefully 
studied. 

Items. 

M. Pasteur hesitates to give his experiments 
respecting inoculation against hydrophobia, 
with virus of rabies itself specially modified, 
as definite, till a government commission report 
on same, which it will do in the course of a few 
months. At present, scientists seem to be con- 
centrating their attention on microbes, bacteria, 
baceHl and kindred parasites, as the causes of 
all contagious maladies in the animal kingdom. 
So far as I'asteur has operated for the Charbon, 
that is a success lieyond yea or nay ; the only 
point farmers differ about, is the duration of 
tin- anti vaccine preventive. The foot and 
mouth disease is being well studied at the Al- 
fort Veterinary College; and M. Bouley may be 
able, in the autumn, to make known the result 
of his inquiries conducted on the Pasteur lines. 

Bee culture is not satisfactorily spoken of this 
season. An insufficiency of (lowers or too many 
swarms are set down as the causes. The Lyons 
farmers complain of having lost one-third of 
their hives. 

Siberian oats have turned out magnificently 
this spring, and so they will become more than 
ever in favor. Spring is preferred to autumn 
sowings. 

The Agricultural Budget will be wickedly de- 
fended this year against further reductions. It 
is a strange fatality that agriculture is ever the 
last to benefit by remission of imposts, the 
first to be promised all ameliorations, and ths 
earliest to be struck with fresh charges the mo- 
ment the nation wants money. No wonder 
farmers are ever discontented in France. Per- 
haps the history can be paralleled elsewhere. 
I Inly think that the subventions paid to the the- 
aters arc three times greater than the amount 
voted for agriculture; the grant allowed to the 
National Opera alone is more than double the 
amount voted for regional farm shows and agri- 
cultural societies. 

What are called Frnitiere*, or co-operative 
cheese farming, is about being applied to but- 
ter. This will enable the associated farmers to 
to have a uniform brand for a common product, 
which, being recognized as sound and unadul- 
terated, will secure them collectively a more 
remunerative price. Why ought not the princi- 
ple of co-operation be carried further, so as 
to lessen cost of production? There is a great 
future in the question. 

Plants for Sand. 
Fiance possesses some millions of acres 
of heenes, or loosely-bound, sandy soils. 
Cenet or broom, is the plant to which re- 
course is had as the ameliorative agent. 
The genet is cut regularly, and the branches 
allowed to decompose in the furrows, where 
they augment the layer of humus by their de- 
composition. In Belgium, genet enters into a 
three crop rotation on loose sandy soils. The 
latter receive nine manure, arc sown with oats, 
clover and genet; the oats pay nearly the ex 
ponses. This rotation in the course of some 
years gives a "skin" to the soil. In the Ceven- 
nes, sheep are fed in summer on the young 
branches of the genet, and in winter on its dried 
leaves: in Spain, when the shrub attains .">0 feet 
high it is cut down, the land broken up and 
sown with maize or Turkey wheat; in the Alps, 
at l'isa, it is steeped like tlax or hemp and 
made in coarse cordage. < irdinarily, it is sown 
with oats, after the latter is harrowed in; 12 lbs. 
of seed to the acre, scattered and left bare. It 
gives three cuttings in the season, and is suc- 
ceeded, after three years, by clover, oats or 
buckwheat. A<;ron. 
I J'rtris, France. 



Ho) stein Records Again. 

EDITORS Press: — So many astonishing yields 
of individual Jlolstein have been reported dur- 
ng the past few months that we feel a little 
modest about mentioning the records made at 
Lakeside. 

On April 1st last ten different cows in our 
herd had made yearly records, ranging from 
1,400 to 1.SO0 pounds, with an average of 15,- 
b'OS pounds li :!-10 ounces. These included 
every mature cow that we had owned long 
enough to make a year's record, excepting one 
which had been kept for family use and thus 
prevented from making a record. By this aver- 
age we think one can form a more correct esti- 
mate of the quality of a herd than by a single 
record, even though that record be an excep- 
tional and astonishing one. 

Clothilde has just closed her four year old 
record, with a total of IT, !»70 pounds 14 ounces, 
which, considering her fonner performances, is 
one of the most wonderful records yet reported. 
She dropped her first call when only '2'2 months 
old, soon after importation, and just after com- 
ing out of quarantine, and gave, in 11 1-2 
months, S,!M>4 pounds •_' ounces. This was im- 
mediately followed by a three year-old record 
of t»0 pounds in a day, 1,783 pounds 10 ounces 
in one month and 15,022 pounds 'J ounces in one 
year, making a grand total in ."i years, as a .'{ 
and 4 year old, of 42,567 pounds ounces. 

Of the cows now milking we will mention the 
following, with the records to .Innc 1st and 
time each has been milked. None of these are 
being pushed for large yields and all have the 
same treatment and attention: 

Nelherbnd Dowager, 9 year old record, 12,734 
lbs. 2 ozs. 1 year. 

Dream of Holland, 8 year, in 7 mos., 8,9151b.-,. 
2 o'/s. 

Crown |e«el, 6 year, 14,714 lbs. 1 ox. 1 year. 
Netherland Baroness, o year, in 10 mos., 11,249 
lbs. 7 ozs. 

Aaggie Rosa, o year, 10,150 lbs. 10 o/s. 1 year. 
Netherland Duchess, 5 year, 16,520 lbs. 707 s. 1 
year. 

Aaggie < orncha ad, 5 yeals, 3 mos. and lo days, 
1,278 lbs. 1 t ozs. 

Aaggie Beauty, 4 year, 13.57.1 lbs. 1 5 ozs. 1 year. 

Xetherl.ind Princess, | year, 13,789 lbs. 13 ozs. 1 
year. 

< lolhildc, 4 year, 

1 arlolta, 4 veai 
14 OSS. 

Cameo, 4 year. 10 mos., 10,837 lbs. 13 ozs. 
Netherland Consort, 4 year, 4 mos., 5,303 
4 ozs. 

Addie, ) year, 6 ni"^. 17 days, 8,008 His. 
I. ida, j years past, 6 mos. 8 days, 7,451 lbs. 2 ozs. 
Aaggie l«ih, 2 years past, 3 mos. 20 days. 3,745 
lbs. 6 ozs. 

Netherland Bcllr, 3 year, 13.04c) lbs. 6 ozs. 1 year. 
Netherland < onso- 1, 2 years, 10,^38 lbs. 7 ozs. 1 
year. 

Netherland Countess, 2 years, 9,481 lbs. 12 ozs. 1 
year. 

Netherland I! ironess, jd, 2 years, 10,825 lbs. 9 
ozs. I year. 

Aegis, otli, year, 5 mos. 19 days, 5,871 lbs. 15 ozs. 
Aaggie May, 2 year, 11 mos. 11 days, 9,279 lbs. 
6 ozs. 

Aaggie Beauty 2d, 2 year, 11 nioi. 14 days, 9,684 
lb?. 2 ozs. 

These records, wc consider, under the cir- 
cumstances, very promising and earnestly hope 
that your readers will carefully study them. 

Smiths A Row ei.i.. 



17.070 lbs. 14 oxs. 1 year. 
10 mos. 19 days, 10 509 lbs. 



lb 



Eel River Dairy Farms. 

A correspondent under the now <!/ i>lnm< of 
"Argus," in a letter to the Timte»-Telaphtme 
gives the following interesting data: To one 
who has not visited that portion of F.el Kiver 
Valley lying west of the river for three or four 
years, the present season oilers attractions w hich 
those who ;"-e permitted to take advantage of 
will not soon forget. It may truthfully be claimed 
that this valley is the paradise of Humboldt 
county in fact the paradise of the north coast 
of California. The people do not secin to appre- 
ciate the glorious heritage which they have re- 
claimed from timber and brushy wastes, and 
made to yield and blossom until the whole extent 
of valley from < irizzly Bluff to the ocean beach 
has become a solid succession of diary farms, 
fields of waving main, ami orchards profnsedly 
iaden with all fruit w hich flourish in the semi- 
tropical climate. 

In conversation with a farmer the other day 
lie announced that not a week previous to that 
time he had been ottered S100 an acre for his 
little farm of something over fifty acres, and 
queried whether he was not a dunce for refus- 
ing to accept it. I could only reply that my 
farmer friend would have been a much greater 
dunce if he had accepted the offer. It is just 
this kind of small, well cultivated grain or 
dairy farms that will be in greatest demand a 
few years hence. Kven now th* dairymen are 
encroaching upon the limits heretofore devoted 
to grain and other products of the farm. 

One of the pioneer farmers of Kel Kiver 
Island, who has :<00 acres of the most produc- 
tive land in the valley, has decided to seed more 
than half of his possessions down to nutritious 
and best milk-producing grasses. with a view to. 



engaging in stock raising and dairying. He has 
thoroughly tested his land to this end and with 
the most flattering results. Numbers of other 
land owners have done or intend to do likewise, 
and I predict that ten years hence three-fourths 
of the land within the territory first referred to 
will be devoted to dairying purposes. Already 
a goodly proportion of the pork cured in this 
country is fatted on the buttermilk which the 
dairies furnish, and the meat is claimed to be 
of as good quality as any which finds its way 
to the markets of Humboldt and San Francisco. 
An argument in favor of this change is that 
dairying does not carry with it the unceasing 
toil which attends the farmer's vocation, that a 
greater profit can be reaped from this kind of 
husbandry, and that with the present rapid ac- 
cession to the population of the coast there is 
no likelihood that the supply of butter and 
pork will ever overreach the demand. 

So far as the adaptability of the marsh and 
lowlands of this valley for dairying purposes 
and the growth of favorite home and foreign 
grasses is concerned, entirely satisfactory tests 
have been made. The Riverside I >airy on F.el 
Kiver Island, which furnishes as palatable but 
ter as was ever offered in the Kureka market, 
was, only a few years ago, considered next to 
worthless. It is on the lowlands bordering 
Salt river, and a large portion of the tiOO acres 
which it includes bas been seeded to the 
choicest grasses. The Riverside now carries 
about 100 cows, and is the property of Hon. 
■loseph Buss and A. Putnam, of Ferndale. 

Another enterprise, having the same end in 
view, has jest been inaugurated by the gentle- 
man last named and Mr. Hurlbutt. It is the 
reclamation of a district of marsh land in the 
Centerville neighborhood. Hams and dykes 
are being thrown up by which a large acreage 
of land, to be devoted to dairy purposes, will 
be reclaimed. There are many thousand acres 
of this claps of land lying between the western 
watershed of V.e\ River Valley and Table Bluff, 
all of which will be utilized for the purpose 
alwve indicated within the next twenty years, 
and very much of it within half that period. 

1 said in the outset that one who had not 
visited the west side of Kel Kiver Valley for 
three or four years would be surprised at the 
changes and rapid advancement in the property 
which everywhere meet the eye. It is a change, 
for the better all the way from the. urctty 
sheltered home of Mr. C. C. Barber, at Griszly 
Bluff, to the best dairy farms near Centerville 
beach. L irge tracts of land have been broken 
up into small farms, ami handsome, roomy 
residences with home like surroundings appear 
on ever} - hand. On either side of the county 
road leading from Ferndale to the Itohnervilte 
crossing of Kel river, numberless roads anil 
lanes outreaching to the river on the east and 
the timber slope on the west are marked by 
various evidences of thrift and prosperity, and 
I venture to remark that as a rule no more 
honest, industrious or well-to-do people can be 
found in any similar extent of territory in Cal 
ifornia than this Ferndale community. From 
actual experience, I can truthfully add that the 
contrast between the people of this section and 
some of the older communities in the Sacra 
mento Valley is indeed a marked one. 



The Centrifugal in the Milk Dairy. 

F'.mtors Press: —Being subscribers to your 
paper and seeing a letter in one of your late 
issues in regard to the he Laval ' ream Separa 
tor, wc thought a few w ords from us in reganl 
to our experience with this maobina might be 
of some interest to your many readers. Wc 
purchased one of these machines in April last 
and set up the same in our dairy at Millbrac 
where it has been in daily use since that time, 
separating the cream from the milk in the most 
satisfactory manner. As we are eDgaged in the 
business of selling milk and cream in this city we 
tind this machine of great value, as it enables 
us to get cream from milk at once after milking 
so that wc have for our trade an article that is 
superior in richness ami keeping qualities. The 
skim-milk becomes valuable for raising calves, 
as the milk is fresh and sweet, and by mixing 
a little oilca'c meal or ground feed with it 
calves do well and can be raised cheaply. 

The great beauty of this machine is its sim- 
plicity in both construction and operation. 
K\ ei_\ thing about it is well made, and made 
for wear and long service, and it requires but 
little attention when in operation. It is easily 
and quickly cleaned, and again is ready for 
use. It has more than come up to our expecta- 
tions, and we are satisfied that the investment 
was a good one. It is a valuable machine for 
the dairy interest, and will no doubt come into 
general use when its many advantages are u 11 
derstood, and it will be the means of putting 
many a dollar into the pockets of the butter 
and cheese men of the country. 

K. F. O.RE'iS .x Co. 

1 'Hij Depot, 620 MeAUiater St., S. F. 



To Keep Tikes on Wheels. -The great and 
j expensive annoyance arising from loose tires 
might he avoided by simply saturating the felloes 
with linseed oil. Well seasoned wood should 
be used, and the oil in which the felloes should 
be placed must be kept at the boiling heat. If 
allowed to get too hot, the wood will neither 
shrink nor swell. Consequently, the tire on a 
wdieel so prepared will never get loose until it 
wears out. 



July 19, 1884.] 



fAeiFie RURAL PRESS. 



JI[hE jSTOGK "Y'aRD. 



Dairy Value of the Guernsey Cross. 

The use of Guernsey bulls upon the Short- 
horn grade cows, which constitute the bulk of 
our dairy herds, is strongly advocated by a re- 
cent writer in the London Agricultural Gazette, 
Mr. Blundell. We quote from his article as 
follows: 

The Guernsey Traits. 

If we take our best specimens of pure-bred 
* Guernsey cattle, we may say there is not much 
improvement to be made in them, so far as the 
production of milk and butter only is con- 
cerned. But for dairymen there is a great ques- 
tion, and well worth serious consideration, as to 
any improvement which can be made in the 
cows when gone dry, or past milking from any 
cause; for although every one acquainted with 
the management- of Channel Island cattle will 
admit that the Guernseys will make more beef 
than the Jerseys or Alderneys when past profit 
in milking, yet we have seen but little or no 
attempt made to improve the Guernsey cattle 
when feeding for beef. 

\ow the points or requisites we wish to pre- 
vail in the improved ( Guernsey cattle, and which 
we desire combined in one animal, are milk, 
butter and beef, La the most abundant and 
profitable forms and conditions in which it is 
possible to obtain them. We have no race or 
breed of cattle which will furnish these three 
requirements at present in the greatest quantity, 
quality and condition from one and the same 
stock. Shorthorns will yield us milk and 
beef in abundance, but the butter is absent, 
more or less, both in quantity and quality, feed 
as we may. The same remarks will apply as a 
rule in degree to nearly all our beef-producing 
stock, whether they are called Devons, Sussex, 
Herefords or Shorthorns. Then we have the 
milking and butter-yielding stock, such as the 
Channel Island cattle, including the Guernsey, 
Jersey and Alderney cows; also the Ayrshire 
and the Dutch imported stock. All these are 
good milkers, as a rule, but varying in degree 
as butter makers, yet they are one and all not 
calculated for feeding or beef-producing ani- 
mals, the Guernsey being probably the best, 
especially in those choice strains where the 
breeders have carefully looked to the produc- 
tion of animals of good outline and capacity for 
carrying flesh of good quality under judicious 
management and feeding. 

The Ideal Cow 

We will now refer to what we wish to pro- 
duce as the best breed of dai'-y cattle for the 
future, for our endeavor will be to acquire in 
one race of animals the combined capacities 
which we can not find in any single breed to the 
extent at any rate which we desire. We shall, 
therefore, be obliged to fall back upon a cross 
to a certain extent; for, in fact, what we re- 
quire is an improved Guernsey breed, for the 
result of our experience is that we can obtain 
at present from the best pedigree Guernsey 
stock the richest milk, yielding the choicest 
butter, both in quantity and quality, which can 
be produced from any variety of the Channel 
Island cattle. Be this as it may, what we 
wish is that they should yield as much milk as 
some of the best strains of milking Shorthorns 
and yet keep the highest position as butter-makers 
which they now possess. In the Guernsey 
stock the question of a cross assumes the most 
eligible form, for these, when selected, are 
large and roomy cattle. 

Then arises the question — How can the ca- 
pacity for beef-making be combined with an 
increase of milk, and yet retain the excessive 
butter making capacity which they now possess'.' 
This we suggest and undertake to explain, for 
we do not require what is usually termed a 
cross-bred animal only, but a Guernsey in an 
improved state by having taken a dip from 
some other blood, which we decide must be the 
Shorthorn. That being our selection, wc must, 
of course, in any arrangement for a single cross 
between the Shorthorn cow and the < Guernsey 
bull, adopt as our type that of great or deep 
milkers, but at the same time we must select 
those animals which possess good flesh points 
also to a certain extent. 

Tho Guernsey Cross. 

In selecting our Shorthorn heifers to mate 
with the pure G uernsey bulls, we may as well en- 
deavor to secure colors which will nick with the 
» luei nsey breed, whose prevailing colors vary 
from a patched white ground, varied in degree 
by patches of a light reddish -brown to a pale 
lemon . It is therefore necessary or advisable 
to obtain our heifers descended from strains 
which we will remember as illustrative of our 
desires, to have been characteristic of the valu- 
able herd of deep-milking Shorthorns possessed 
by the late Mr. Whittaker about the year 1835, 
their prevailing color at that time being patched 
or speckled with light brown or white. This 
herd at the time was valued by many for their 
milking properties, but were rejected by others 
who wished to form a pedigree herd, because of 
their light and thin shoulders and splendid 
udders. Therefore stock of this character 
should be sought for, excluding entirely those 
strains which occasionally produce the red 
roans, and sometimes animals nearly or quite 
white, for these, however suitable they may be 
in some respects, would not nick in color with 
the G uernsey s. 

Having stated the type of Shorthorn cattle 



required, we will now refer to the Guernsey 
stock — not only to the style of cows which we 
shall require in the future, but also to the bulls, 
as these will be of special importance through- 
out, the changes which we suggest should be 
made in the improved dairy stock. We do not 
suggest crossing to yield us a cross-bred stock 
for the future, as we only suggest the taking a 
dip into the Shorthorn blood, and expect to 
obtain all the required characteristics, by never 
using any but Guernsey bulls of the best blood, 
and the latest improved strains. To illustrate 
what we seek, we must name a portrait of a 
Guernsey cow owned by Mr. L. W. Ledyard, of 
Fern wood Farm, Cazenovia, New York, who 
says: "The cow portrayed is one well known 
among Guernsey breeders as Elegante) No. 592 
(No. 108 in the island registry). The engrav- 
ing conveys a very accurate idea of her in nearly 
all respects except color. Her colors are pure 
white and light lemon-fawn, and the latter is no 
darker on the head and neck than on the body. 
She will bear the closest inspection of the prac- 
tical farmer, as well as that of the fancier, as 
with refined traits of high breeding she com- 
bines those of size, vigor, breeding and milk- 
ing. Her skin, in color, as seen in the ear, the 
udder, and, in fact, on any part, is not nomi- 
nally, but actually that of gold, and it is not 
necessary to approach her, or open the hair to 
see her glow. " Then follows a statement of her 
pedigree, and the prizes won by her not only in 
Guernsey, but in America, also setting forth the 
extraordinary quantity of milk, yielding 30 per 
cent of cream. On very moderate feeding, it 
appears she has made of golden-colored butter, 
dry and unsalted 2f lbs. per day, or 19} ths. 
per week. Now, we well recollect the fact of 
a Guernsey cow we possessed many years ago. 
Although only getting good pasturage, she 
made 18 lbs. per week of butter, of the choicest 
deep yellow color. In this case, however, the 
cow could not hold all the milk, and if she had 
been milked thrice instead of twice daily, the 
butter record would have been greater. 
Another circumstance we recollect: One of the 
best dairy cows we ever possessed was bred 
from a Short Horn cow, crossed by a pure-bred 1 
Guernsey bull. But whenever we have known 
the cross reversed, we have never seen it result 
in anything approaching a good dairy cow, and 
yet we have seen it tried in numerous instances 
between really high bred stock, both of Guern- 
sey and Jersey cattle. 

How to Begin. 

In a second article, Mr. Blundell advises be- 
ginning with ten or twelve Shorthorn heifers, 
and gives directions as to their breeding and 
management. He concludes as follows: If our 
readers have followed our statements, they 
will notice that in addition to the absolute 
necessity of selecting pure-bred bulls of the 
Guernsey stock, for as the offspring increase in 
number, selection must still be made the only 
sure grounds on which to proceed, also to save 
and breed from no animal which has not ac- 
quired the form, color, flesh-making, yet milk 
ing capacity to the extent required. How 
many years it would take to obtain the desired 
race cannot be stated, but at any rate it could 
not be less than eight or ten years before we 
could use with safety bulls reared from our 
own selected stock of females. But it would be 
safer to extend the experiment even further, 
during which time none but the best pure 
Guernsey bulls should be used. Now, to assist 
in the completion of these suggestions it may [ 
be best to secure the help and co-operation of a 
second person with similar objects in view, in 
order to meet successfully any of the various 
contingencies of life and position, so that the 
value of the improved cattle may be assured as 
much as possible. 



JIlHE JjUflBERJvlAN. 



Judging Calves. 

Nothing, perhaps, more severely tries the skill 
of a breeder or the extent of his observation 
than his estimates of young stock at very early 
ages, in connection with the after-results which 
justify or falsify those estimates. Many men 
who can judge fat beasts cannot rightly judge 
animals in thier lean state; but there are far more 
men who can judge animals fat or lean, and yet 
hit immensely wide of the mark in their guesses 
upon the future merit of foals, calves, and other 
infants of the farm. Their difficulty, however, 
often proceeds from ignorance of family antece- 
dents. The written or printed particulars of 
family history they may know, in the case of 
pedigree cattle, but until they acquire a sight 
and touch familiarity with their stock, genera- 
tion after generation, they cannot always tell 
the signs put out in an animal's early life anal- 
ogous to the appearances of the bud of a new or j 
an unknown flower. As the practiced florist can 
early discern in the buds of his old favorites ! 
the best and the worst flowers of the forthcom- 
ing season, so the practiced breeder, who has 
taken pains to ponder over the peculiarities of 
each calf, and to mark and remember the course 
of development, knows the meaning of each 
characteristic felt by the hand or perceived by 
the eye, and of each change in the course of 
growth. This is sometimes remarkable in breed- 
ers of long-established herds of cattle, who can 
form their opinion upon calves with the great- 
est precision, and pronounce those opinions with 
confidence, when strangers would be disposed 
to entertain far different expectations, more fa- 
vorable or less so than those of the men whose 
forecasts are mirrored retrospects. — National 
Live Stock Journal. 



Humboldt County Redwood. 

Some little time since Mr. Leroy J. Gates 
, wrote for the Eureka Standard, an article on 
the redwood of Elk river, Humboldt county, in 
this State. The superficial area tributary to 
the rain-shed of Elk river contains 30,520 acres 
of which 28,440 acres are timber land, of this 
3,820 acres have been logged over, leaving 24,820 
acres of uncut timber. 

"In order to reach a satisfactory estimate of 
the average yield of this timber tract, it is 
considered expedient to arrange the tract into 
three divisions, minimum, medium and maxi- 
mum, to correspond as nearly as possible with 
the three grades of timber that exist. 

"The scattering and scrubby timber upon the 
boarders of this tract, including the scattering 
portion contiguous to the bay, and that of a 
like condition and larger extent at the head 
waters of the stream, where verging into tree- 
less hills and mountains, as well as the com- 
parative barrenness of the tops and sides of 
precipitous mountain ridges, making a percent- 
age of more than one third of the tract, is here 
designated the minimum portion, and estimated 
by careful calculation and proper investigation 
at 18,750 feet to the acre, or 3,000,000 feet of 
lumber to the quarter section. Only from two 
to four millions of feet of lumber were obtained 
from some of the quarter sections of this mini- 
mum portion, while from a large portion of the 
timber cut was produced all the way from five 
to eight and nine millions of feet to the quarter 
section. Jim Brown obtained from 1 (50 acres 
15,000,000 feet of lumber, which is the largest 
yield of which we have an authentic account. 
I am informed that Warren More goot 1 4,500,000 
feet from 100 acres; Dick Allard a similar 
amount; and that Jerry Inman, for Dr. Gates, 
over 12,000,000 from a quarter section; and 
that there are plenty of quarter sections left 
that will yield 15,000,000 of feet, and a few 
that may be counted on for a yield of 20,000,000 
each." 

From this information, in connection with 
personal observation and other auxiliary data. 
I have placed the one-third medium yield at 
43,750 feet to the acre, or 7,000,000 to the quar- 
ter section, and the maximum one-third yield 
at 75,000 feet lumber to the acre, or 12,000,000 
to the quarter section. This gives an average 
product per acre for the whole tract of 45,833 
feet. We have thus, as the product from the 
3,829 acres logged off, 1 75,082,000 feet; and of 
the timber yet remaining uncut, and to help 
supply the world's growing demm I, 1,137,575,- 

000 feet. 

I am under obligations to various gentlemen 
for valuable information furnished upon which 

1 have based this estimate. After having made 
this estimate I called on Edward Kverding the 
gentlemanly and intelligent book- keeper of 
I). I!. Jones k Co., and was favored with the 
boom record of the number of feet of logs that 
have come out of this stream from the com- 
mencement of logging on it to the present time, 
as follows; Up to 1879, 148,618,446 feet; logs 
now in the river, 15,000,000 feet; estimated 
amount of lumber in sinkers in river, 5,000,000 
feet; giving a total of 10S,61S,448 feet. This 
does not, of course, include the estimated num- 
ber of feet of lumber in the butt logs, or sink- 
ers,, remaining on the land where the trees were 
cut, which cannot fall short of 6,000,000. 



Monopolizing Black Walnut Timber. — 
The Lumberman's Gazette, of Bay City, Mich., 
says that a company of English capitalists, in 
combination with certain capitalists of Indian- 
apolis, have been for over a year, very quietly 
but actively buying up all the black walnut 
timber they reach and shipping the same to 
Kngland. l'ortable steam saw mills are at work 
at every important station in the walnut belts, 
ripping up the logs into planks of a convenient 
size for shipping. The company have buyers 
out all through Ohio, Indiana and Iowa, gath- 
ering up walnut trees wherever they can be 
found. Many farmers have sold their trees at 
prices far below their value. It is said that the 
company will send to Kngland about $5, 000,000 
worth of walnut that they have purchased from 
farmers at almost nominal prices. The 67a 'a tti 
advises the owners of walnut trees to look out 
for there buyers and not to sell their trees at 
the first offer they make for them. 



P[[he jS-ryvBbE. 



TEAK Wood Giving Out. — It is said in 
Kngland that increasing difficulty is being ex- 
perienced in getting good logs of teak wood; 
most of the large timber convenient to the 
rivers having disappeared. This wood comes 
mainly from Burmah, and the Collector of Cus- 
toms at Rangoon reports that the quantity 
shipped last year, viz., 59,187 tons, was nearly 
5 per cent in excess of that exported in the pre- 
vious 12 months, but nearly 10 per cent less 
than the corresponding total for 1SS0 SI. The 
value of last year's shipments, $3,056,300, 
showed, on the other hand, an increase of over 
20 per cent, thus affording evidence of the 
great rise in prices that has taken place during 
the last year or two. 

Clear Timber. — Two sticks of timber were 
to be seen in this city a short time since, one 
150 feet long and sixteen inches square, almost 
without knots; the other 144 feet long and 
eighteen inches square, practically clear stuff. 
They came from Washington Territory, 



Prevalence of Glanders. 

Apprehension is being duly excited concern- 
ing the prevalence of the glanders and it should 
continue until people are aroused to the enforce- 
ment of the law before the dire malady spreads 
more widely. The Sacramento Record Union 
of last week has the following: For some weeks 
past the subject of glandered horses has been 
one of general discussion among all who own 
equines. Drs. Coster and McCollum, two local 
veterinary surgeons, have examined many 
horses, which they have declared to be affected 
by that incurable disease. Others of the same 
profession have diagnosed the cases, declaring 
th..t it was a species of epizooty, that could be 
cured, and have advertised that they could cure 
all animals so afflicted. With this conflict of 
opinion, the officers have been unable to act. 
and horses declared to be so diseased have been 
spared. John Mackey, Superintendent of the 
Norris Grant, and who has in charge hundreds 
of very valuable animals, wishing to satisfy 
himself on the subject, at an expense of $150, 
brought from San Francisco, Tuesday, Dr. A. 
De Tavel, veterinary surgeon, a graduate of 
Alfort National College, Paris, who it is said, 
has a reputation in his profession second to 
none in America. The doctor, immediately 
after his arrival, was taken to the stable in the 
rear of the Pacific Hotel, where a diseased ani- 
mal was inspected. After a thorough examina- 
tion he declared it to be a well-defined case of 
glanders. He next was directed to Fifth and 1 
streets, where was tied up to an awning post a 
beautiful pair of blacks, driven in from Yolo by 
Chinamen. One of the horses was running 
badly at the nose, and after an inspection the 
doctor said it was a case of glanders. To a re- 
porter, who was present, he said there were three 
symptoms of the disease; first, swelling glands; 
second, running at the nose; third, ulcerations. 
The first two are not always proof, but the lat- 
ter is proof positive. It is a disease, he said, 
that could not be cured, but by certain washes 
it might be dried up to a certain extent; but 
the danger of contagion was not in the least 
diminished by that process. He said glanders 
among horses had existed in the State for up- 
wards of twenty years, but during the past 
several months had become in some localities 
an epidemic. He said, four or five years ago 
the horses and mules at the Government bar- 
ticks at Benicia became badly affected. He 
was called upon to examine them, and found 
that all were affected. An order was given to 
kill all the animals, burn the saddles, harness 
and barracks, and abandon the premises for one 
year. This was done, and the dread disease 
for a time was checked. Hostlers and others 
handling animals who had this disease often 
contracted the same, and in every case suffered 
a horrible death. His advice was that an ani- 
mal in which the disease was found to be fully 
leveloped should be immediately killed, and 
those upon which the slightest symptoms were 
observed should be removed to ouarters scper- 
ate from other animals. 



A Tail Restrainer. 

Editors Press: — Some weeks ago one of 
our good citizens was killed by an accident re- 
sulting from his horse throwing his tail over the 
line. This has brought out the fact that many 
otherwise good family roadsters are troubled by 
the same bad habit, and in some cases made 
uite unmanageable and nervous, if not vicious, 
enough to kic< and run, by being whipped un- 
til they "take that off' of there." I drive a 
mare which has the same fault, but it .'s hardly 
noticeable, as I use the following remedies: A 
strip of buck string is tied around the tail un- 
der the hair, about where the britcher comes. 
It is tied tight enough to stay, but not cord the 
circulation. A loop from 2 to 4 inches long is 
left in the buekstring and a small rein snap is 
attached to the britchen. This is easily snapped 
into the buekstring loop, and gives the animal 
enough liberty to use the tail for necessary pur- 
poses, but not enough to throw it over the 
lines. Some nervous animals (and most switch- 
ing animals are nervous) should wear the device 
in the stable awhile before being put on the 
road, thus getting accustomed to the feeling of 
it. — C. A. Wyman, San ./o«>, Col. 

Contraction of the Hoof.— Contraction 
of the hoof is certainly not a cause but is almost 
invariably the effect of navicular disease. It is 
the result of an atrophy, or wasting of the soft, 
sensitive structures contained within the horny 
box, consequent on their diminished activity, 
the horn adapting itself to these structures that 
it incloses and protects. A foot thrown out 
of use decreases in size. Nature has given certain 
structures for certain uses. If these uses arc 
avoided, the parts diminish in bulk. Wear 
the arm in a sling for any length of time, the 
muscles shrink and the hand withers. So with 
the horse's foot, when the weight is taken oil it 
as much as possible in motion, and also in the 
stable, the muscles of the shoulder thrown 
much out of use waste, and in the foot, the 
quarters draw in, the heels narrow, the frog 
hardens and decreases in size, etc., and the sole 
thickens and hightens; in short, the foot be 
comes contracted — National hive-Stock Journal . 



44 



pAGIFie RURAL f RESS. 



[Julv 19, 1884 



J?/rTr\ONS OF J^US%<*NDRY. 



Correspondence on Grange principles and work and re- 
ports of transactions of subordinate Granges arc respect- 
fully solicited for this dc, .rtiuotit. 



Glen Cove. 

"Glen Cove." This was the name, arching 
the gate, which met our gaze as we drove into 
the beautiful grounds surrounding the new, 
large, commodious house of the Brothers Item- 
ing at Yallejo, a model of which has been illus- 
trated in the Rural Pbess of Sept. "JS, 18S2. 
The original plan has been closely followed in 
all its details, with only one or two slight 
.'(Iterations. The result is a spacious home of 
comfort, varied convenience and beauty, 
wrought out under the immediate supervision, 
good taste and sound judgment of the owners. 
It fronts the Straits of Carquinez, the grounds 
sloping toward the water's edge. The upper 
windows command a fine view of Port Costa 
landing, the new town of Crockett, also the 
'• Starr " Company's extensive warehouses and 
immense flouring mill foundations, all skirting 
the opposite shore, while rumbling railway 
trains, plying to and fro with their shrill 
whistles and clanging bells, throw echoesacross 
the wate r, which are reverberated through the 
beautiful surrounding hills in the rear. 
Varied sailing crafts ami many fishing boats are 
constantly seen on the water ami the finest 
salmon we ever tasted were taken from its 
depths and cooked in sister Deming's kitchen 
which may accou-.it in part for its excellence. 
Notable among the other craft was the large, 
beautiful new yacht, owned and built by our 
hosts, safely anchored near their substantial 
warehouse on the <: len Cove side, manned by 
them, accompanied by their estimable wives 
and young master Kd. Doming, we enjoyed a 
most charming moonlight sail on her trim deck. 

It must be a rare satisfaction to the members 
of any cultured household to have so many 
daily conveniences created by the successful 
planning and handiwork of different members 
as arc to be found throughout this happy home 

from the drawing of its plana by Brother J. 
F. I >eming to the notably fine oil paintings by 
Sister Clara Deming which arc certainly ad- 
mirable. 

We hope Brother I »eming, having success- 
fully remodeled the* oid bouse, and thst too 
at a less, instead or greater cost than that es 
timated in our former article, will give further 
information for the benefit of such readers 



the railroad company offered to bring back the 
exhibits from New Orleans free of charge, but 
would charge from here. | Laughter. ) 

The Society took a few minutes recess to give 
the Joint Committee time to deliberate and an 
nounce the result of their meeting. 

Sub Committee**. 

Upon the re- assembling of the Society SeCje- 
retary Younger announced that the Joint 
( ommittec will meet at the same hall on Satur- 
day next for further discussion of the matter of 
a State fair exhibit. The following sub-corn 
mittees were appointed: D. C. Vestal on dried 
fruits; Captain F. Dunn, W. C. Oeiger and Dr 
S. F. Chapin on green fruits; 1). C. Feeley on 
grapes; J. I!. J. Portal on winec; 8, P. Sanders 
on cereals; A. Wilcox on cheese, and Kd. 
Younger on canned fruits. Mercury, 

Fidelity and Cleanliness. 

The goo^ Patron is noted for fidelity, but this 
quality is altogether toe rale in an Order that 
is based on charity and the faithful observance 
ot obligations that impose tender regard tor the 
rights and privileges of »U persons. It hap- 
pens too often thf.t personal pi<|iie moves a 
Patron to indulgence in vicious passion and to 
wrongs by which the Order that he professes to 



A Napa Orchard and Nursery. 

We employed a spare day last week in a q uick 
trip to Napa, to see the orchard and nursery ot 
Coatee & Tool. Mr. Coates is a well known 
member of the State Horticultural Society, and 
a young man of much vigor and enterprise in 
horticultural matters. His associate, Mr. Tool, 
is also a young man. an enthusiastic worker, 
and an earnest devotee of the fruit interest. 
By their united efforts they have an orchard 
and nursery to cNhiblt to the visitor which 
desirable Varieties of fruit and clean and 
healthy growth must excite the admiration of 
all. The orchard for the elegiblllty and natural 
advantages cf its locatioh and the desirability 
•i the trees must be regarded as on* of the beat 
in the State. It is situated abo'.'.t two and 
one-half miles north of Kapa City, and on 
ground i»bo'Jt loO feet higher than the town. 
It is less than a mile from a shipping point on 
the railway from Napa to CalistdgS. The soil 
of the orchard is a deep loom. Wells sunk to 
the depth 6f from forty to seventy-five feet 
M».ow ttiat the soil is of a very great depth, with 
substrata of gravel. Running through the 
center of the orchard, forty feet below the 
Surface, is the bed of an ancient creeks as is 
shown by the presence of large bowlders. The 
trees are from four to tight years t?f ag>\ and 
are planted twenty four feet ipaii In rows as 



serve is dishonored and harmed, sometimes irre- stmfghi if an arrow... 1'hey hive been pruned 
parably. Fidelity to the principles o' the 
Grange is essential to it» grow th and prosperity. 
But this implies more thin perfunV-Wy observ- 
ance of primary principles: it means careful re- 
gard for the golden rule. Still it often happens 
that a Patron becomes unmindful of this obli- 
gation, and with little provocation vents odious 
spleen against his brothers, who, by some slight 
cause or misunderstanding, have incurred his 

animosity. Poor human Baton fails a thousand worth a long iottrney to see 
times when persona yield to ungoverued tern 
per, and. quite unmindful of obligations. assail 
by harmful inuendo or direct charge per- 
sons who are innocent «f wrong, and who 
would gladly make reparation if by any acci- 
dent they had swerved from the right. The 
Order can never have all that blewed influence 
which attends upright life until its members 
strive earnestly to repress evil passions, and to 
regartl with charity the peccadilloes too often 
magnified into great wrongs. 

We aie told that cleanlinew L:. next to GrOdli- 
ness, and if there were mj inspiration in the i 



Wost intelligently. We do not remember ever 
seeing a more uniform and beautiful lot of trees. 
There are 70 acres in orchard the whole 
place being planted except the barn yard 
and dooryard, and there Is no unproductive 
land . The trees are from (He to nine years of 
age. and arr consequently just approaching 
their full yield. The cherry orchard, which 
covers about 10 acres, of the b«: 8 t varieties, is 

The trees are 

headed low, in fine pyramidal form, with the 
trunks protected by leaves almost to the grob.nd 
The yield of cherries this yea': <t an quite satis- 
factory. Th*- peat orchard covcis about 40 
avrea, chleny of the following sorts: Bartlett, 
Winter Nelis. BeiiTe, Hardy, Easter fteut-re 
and Beurrc Clairgean, Tftese trees have reached 
a large size ami will produce a great weight of 
fru't. The remaining '20 acres is given to 
peaches, prunes, plums, apricots, rtc In locat- 
ing the different sorts of trees, evidently much 
intelligence was ex*., raised. 

The Napa \ alley Nurseries, also owned by 



saying, there is abundant reason to accent its VOntaB & Tool, arc partly within the town liiii 



the Ki kal as may wish to improve 
homes without building entirely new. 



of 
their 



California Products and the Fairs. 

The Santa Clara County Horticultural Society 
held its regular monthly meeting last 
week at Rutherford s Hall, Vice-President 
I '. K. t iish in ihe chair. 

Capt. Frank Dunn, of the Joint Committee 
of Horticulturists, \ iticulturists and Grangers 
stated that the committee had agreed to meet 
together and J. B. I. Portal suggested that 
a committee meeting be held alter the horti 
cultural meeting. 

Joseph Holland, Master of the ( i range, said 
that the Grangers had can Teased among the 
fanners and canneries with encouraging results 

Secretary Younger reported that the San 
lose Fruit Fucking Company would contribute 
a fruit exhibit inglass. He had also done some 
thing in the way of canv assing and had received 
gratifying encouragement. The required space 
at the State Fair had been engaged. 

D, 0. Feeley referred to the Los Oatos can- 
nery and said he had understood that that 
establishment would make a contribution if 
asked to do so. The Grangers have taken the 
lead in this matter and should continue in the 
lead. Considerable work is to be done and the 
sooner the Joint Committee gets to work the 
better. It is doubtful whether there will be any 
grape exhibit from the mountains at the time 
the State Fair is held, as it may be too early. 
Sacramento and New Orleans. 

Mr. Portal, referring to the proposition of 
sending the exhibit to the New Orleans Imposi- 
tion, after service at Sacramento, said that 
some of the displays will "keep,'' but others 
will not. Oreen fruits will not all be fit for a 
second exhibition. "Work should be com- 
menced at once. The matter of expenses should 
be considered, and prov ision made for necessary 
disbursements. Mr. Portal also mentioned 
that Mr. Feeley intends to visit New Orleans 
in person. 

Mr. Feeley said that the Fruit Growers' Asso- 
ciation of the Santa Cruz Mountains has been 
talking up the matter of a display at New Or- 
leans, and that he s lid that he would be glad to 
visit that city when the Exposition is held if 
suitable arrangements are made by the various 
societies as to the making of an exhibit 

Mr. Sanders suggested that a committee com- 
municate with the Los Catos cannery as to a 
display from that quarter. He had talked with 
the I resident, who waited information as to 
what would be acceptable. 

D. C. Yestal remarked that he attended a 
meeting of the State Horticultural Society last 
Friday, when Col. Andrews appeared before the 
Society, and among other things remarked that 



truth. Cleanliness is conducive to Jf.altb 
not that fastidious form of outward appear- 
ance which is sometimes mistaken for extreme- 
ly nice sense of cleanliness, but Bather the 
wholesome regard for what is really clean. 
Personal cleanliness is commendable; it is even 
necessary as the foundation of self-respect, 
but in all surroundings, in garments, in care of 
the house, outbuildings, in waste places, in 
everything that influences the mind or affects 
the body, cleanliness is desirable, ami even a 
necessity if one would have the highest enjoy- 
ment of life. The. Grange enjoins upon its 
members cleanliness in all things, and in this 
one regard lays valid claim to respect- 
ful consideration from farmers who have 
not learned its true import. The lesson em 



its of Napa, the trees which will be ready for 
sale this fall being on this site. Near the 
orchard there is a plantation ot about 1 1 acres 
»f stocks, which will be budded this summer. 
The trees ready for this year's delivery will be 
about .jO.OOO, all of the choicest oi almost all 
orchard fruits. The young stocks reach about 
'-'.Ml.OOO, of which .So, 000 are Mazzard cherry, 
1.^,000 Myrobolan, -0,000 pear seedlings, etc. 
There is also a large stock of seedling pni'par- 
luriens walnut, some besriug fruits at three 
years old. Aside from the Vocal demand ior 
orchard planting, the owners of this nursery 
find a large field for sale in Solano county, 
which adjoins Napa ou the east, and where, as 
is generally known, the planting of fruit 
is extending each year because of the valuable 



Annie Yoliner, Miss Laura Volmer, Mr. Yolmer, 

< 'aptain and Mrs. Freeman, Miss Chamberlain, 

< aptain and Mrs. Cray, Dr. Cook and wife, Miss 
Cook, MissK. Lark, Miss Allie Lloyd, Mr. Frank 
Crawford, Mr. Oeorge H. Bradshaw and wife, 
Mr. McCue, Mr. William Chisholm, Mr. Carl 
Chisholm, Mrs. Lark, Misses Latlin, Mr. and 
Mrs. Evans, Mr. and Mrs. Hoffman, Miss 
Noyes, Mr. Kd. Foster, Mr. < 'ampton and lady, 
Mr. II. Muire, Miss Mary Daniels and sister. 



( ^G^lCULTURAL I^OTES, 



bodied in the adage should be deeply impressed | early character of thu district. They ha 



upon the minds of all persons who would make 
the most of opportunities for real enjoyment in 
this life, and won Id have the best fitting for the 
life to co come, — The Htttbattdman. 



Grange News. 

I FBRBAT is already being widely awakened 
among the subordinate ^ranges in the meeting 
of the State Grange, which will be held in Sac 
rameuto on the first Tuesday in October. 
'Ihere is every reason to expect a notably suc- 
cessful session. 

AxHAMBfl \ GbaNgb has established a library 
in the <: range Hall, and already has several 
hundred volumes on the shelves. The books an 
contributions, are made by members and other's 
interested. The books are enjoyed by those 
who come early to meetings, and are an induce- 
ment to promptness and to other good works 
WOODBBIiDGE GaANOE has bought a hall and 
is repairing it and will have it finished and fur- 
nished by ( Ictober 1st. 

Pottkk Valley Gbakoe is doing well, the 
meetings being well attended, enjoyed socially, 
and turned to profit by the importance of the 
themes discussed. 

Ox Saturday, July 5th, Calt Orange con- 
ferred the third and fourth degrees on a class 
of 1 1 sisters and ( brothers, and indulged in the 
usual harvest feast. Besides this large d iss of 
j, two were admitted by card, making a good 
lay's work and a grand addition to Gait 
range. A good array of visitors were present. 
San Jose Granoe is stiH having interesting 
meetings, although many of its memb rs are 
away camping or busy in the harvest field 



also a valuable trade with distant points! its the 
nurseries have become widely known for the 
clean, healthy and lion Irrigated stock which 
has been sent out In the nursery are a num- 
ber of choice things which it would not be pro 
fessional lo mention until the stock of thein can 
be considerably increased. Mr. Coates has 
kept up a sharp hunt for desirable novelties, 
and has exhibited many of thorn at the .ueetings 
of the Horticultural Society. 

We were much pleased with our examination 
of Coates * Tool's property and business in 
every way. When young men of intelligence 
throw their full interest and freshness into a 
laudable enterprise of this kind, they do a good 
thine for themselves and for the state. 



Eli 



BMOVAX. Oeo. A. Davis* Co., dealers in 
gricultural implements, have removed from 
their old stand at No. 12 California street to 
Nos. I, and l!i Main street, thus securing en- 
larged facilities for their increasing business. 
Messrs. Davis & Co. carry a fine line of goods 
as our advertising columns from time, to time 
can bear witness. 

Tin; Buhach plantation in Mr tried, county has 
30 miles of irrigating ditches. 



Persona 1. 

Mr. and Mrs. \\ . li Fiver gave a wed 
ding reception to their sou, Mr. William l '. 
Luce and wife, nee Lloyd, at the resi- 
dence of Mr. Fwer, I.Mfi Folsom ■ reet, last 
Thursday evening. The house was decorated 
with evergreens, smilax and llowers, while the 
lawn was brilliantly lighted with Chinese 
lanterns. The spacious parlors were canvassed, 
and music, dancing and singing enlivened the 
occasion until the early morning hours. Several 
songs were beautifully sung by Miss Klla Lark, 
and an instrumental piece brilliantly rendered' 
by Miss Jennie Ward, who also favored the 
company with a song. A fine variety of use- 
ful and ornamental presents were made. A 
large party of friends congratulated the happy 
young couple, and we take this opportunity to 
extend our congratulations to them and hope 
that health and prosperity will lie in their 
path. Among the guests present at the re- 
ception were: Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Dewy, Mrs. 
Annie J . Lambert and daughter, Captain ( Jeorge 
Morehouse, Miss Kva d'Ancona. Miss Mamie 
Anthony, Mr. Anthony, Mr.d Ancona, Mrs. R. 
C. Luce, Mrs. Frank Dagget and son, Rev. N. L. 
Kowell and wife, Mis? Bartlett of New Bedford, 
Mr. Edwin Foster, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Evans' 
Miss Eliza B. Kwer, Mr. and Mrs. H. K. Cnm- 
mings and daughter. Miss Jennie Ward, Mr. 
Arthur Lues, Mr. Jireh Luce of Healdsburg^Miss 



CALIFORNIA 
Alameda 

T( M >Man v Ct kra nts.— John Webster in Hay- 
wards Journal: To the currant raisers of this 
State: Centlemen Of the crisis In the cu!'- 
rrtnt business wc ne*d not iiny of its M idld, fo' 
Any man who has raised or handled • imam 
this year is well aware of this fact. We all 
know that what currants were sold have been 
disposed of at ruinous prices, -ami that is not 
all. It Is a fact that there are many currants 
that are not sold and will not bring any hrc e 
Now, these facts are well khown, and what i? 
th»- remedy * Tt in very plain to. me that there 
are too man< currant bushes. This thing hail 
been, anticipated, much thought of, fully recog- 
nized and measurably provided for by me by 
making heavy contracts, but do not flatter 
yourselves that you will do the same thing next 
year, for if all the currant bushes remain In the 
ground, no ennnor or dealer will dare bay a slu 
gle currant. In my opinion at least ohe-half 
of all the currant bushes in the State must W 
sacrificed that Is, ctlt them off close to the 
ground, or for a moral certainty they will sacri 
lice us. In other words we shall in thp n<3«' 
three year* work for I 'hi'.'.anien and railroads: 
Ot other parties than ourselves. Shall we do 
this ' I say, No. Let us act like business rtlerl 
The currant question, In my opinion, is a sim- 
ple one: a"d can be easily solved. We have 
loo large a supply for tile demand-that is 
what's the matter. Now, I will say to meh 
who have many biuhos. do not oily that yoti 
have to" many to sacrifice, but consider that 
very likely you are able to sacrifice your many 
as your neighbor is his few. To men that llavn 
small curra.it orchards, don't say that ydlllla'r. 
only pi few a"d what you have got will not 
make milch difference, or that you cannot afford 
to do so, for there are many of you, and your 
bushes amount in the aggregate to many mi! 
lions, but consider 'hat !t Is a matter of dollars 
and cents. It is folly for a man with a few 
bushes, to sell them for almost nothing, in 
order to spite a man who has a large acreage, 
for he is far more able t j sell at bedrock prices 
than those owning ■ small amount. It may 
look rough to many, but it is the only way t" 
meet the question whether the clirrant croji 
will not be worth the picking, or in a few years 
prove remunerative to all engaged in the busi- 
ness. If we reduce the number of bushes one 
half, currant raisers will have a fair and healthy 
business for the next three years. Let us all 
act at once and take such measures as will pro 
dilec effect, 

Ho. Ha) wards .lumnnl. It has been gen 
i rally reported that a light yield of grain would 
be hat seated in this valley. From several well- 
posted tarmeiv we learn that, notwithstanding 
the heavy rain, the crop this year will equal 
that of last, and the quality generally will be 
first ' lass. The hay caught in the late rains 
was not all spoiled, and a large amount has 
been salted down, as it were, and will be ex 
cellent feed for cattle. 

Amador ~. 

SOME Kkklim;. I >i*jmtt:k ; We were pre- 
sented with l nice bunch of cocoons, of thi» 
year's make, the other day, by Mr. J, A. Gar 
barina, who has been experimenting on quite 
an extensive scale for several years past, and 
has now about a million and a half worms at 
work. He has also constructed a reel with 
which to reel the silk off the cocoons, and has 
already produced several skeins of beautiful 
thread, which is pronounced of fine quality by 
those who are judges of the article. Mr. G. in- 
forms us that he will reel a large skein of silk 
from this year's crop to be sent to the world's 
fair at New Orleans, and we have no doubt it 
will stand a favorable comparison with any that 
can be produced in China, Japan, Italy, or any 
other part of the world. 

Butte. 

Kmsim. Cattle. Orovtllo Styitter, July 
10: At the present price of lieet it will pay our 
foot bill farmers well to raise cattle. The 
great grain farms with their rich, productive 
lands will not cease from growing grain unless 
the price of wheat falls much lower than it is 
at present. The foothill farmers have here an. 
opportunity to make some money. It willl 
take time and labor but it can be done. Every 
f >ot of ground should be put to use. Let them 
clear the land and sow it to the gra£s best 
adapted to each locality. Where water is con- 
venient alfalfa will pay. Higher in the hills, 
fine timothy is grown. In other sections the 
cultivated wild oats and other grasses are more 
suitable. Men must read and study methods 
used in other regions. Our thin, poor soils 
may be made profitable if good judgment is 
used in selecting the right crows. Farmers 
who have tried it say that rye makes a good 
crop ou dry ground. At the present price of. 



July 19-, 1884.] 



pAeiFie RURAL PRESS. 



beef a farmer can raise a limited number of 
cattle each year and make it pay well. 

Colusa. 

Wheat. — Sun: The wheat along the foot of 
the Buttes, both on the north and west, was 
not thrown down to any considerable extent by 
the June rains, and it is all bright color. Mr. 
E. A. Noyes was cutting his on the Squire 
Hamlin place, which he has rented, and it was 
full, bright and extremely clean. Mr. Noyes 
has sold his wheat for several years to the 
Colusa mills, hauling it to Moon's ferry, 
whence it was shipped upon barges, at a cost 
of $1 25 a ton. He is below the proposed road, 
but would as soon haul to Colusa as to the river 
at any other point. 

Fruit. — Our party to the Buttes, spoken of 
in another item, stopped on the return trip at 
the orchard of S. R. Totman, some four miles 
below town. Mr. Totman has about the best 
orchard and vineyard in the county. He has 
been making raisins of a superior quality for 
several years, and has thoroughly demonstrated 
the value of our river lands for such purposes. 
He has planted out this year a very nice cherry 
orchard, and will be a pioneer in that as well. 
Some years ago Mr. Totman thought the 
almonds would be profitable, and planted some 
almond trees on peach stocks; not liking them, 
or, rather, finding them unprofitable, he cut 
them back and grafted peaches again. He has 
on the same tree the very early and the very 
late peach . This may be of great advantage, as 
it gives the whole strength of the tree for a half 
a crop of each. When the early peach is ma- 
turing the late has hardly begun to grow, and 
by the time the late peach begins to grow much, 
the early has been gathered. Mr. Totman has 
successfully grafted a French walnut on the 
black walnut stalk. These walnuts are prolific 
and early bearers, and the nut is as good, so it 
is said, as the English walnut. The acknowl- 
edged fact that they can be grafted on the black 
walnut is of much value. Mr. Totman is a 
progressive man in all he undertakes, and his 
work has been of much value to the county. 

Fresno. 

Chicks and Frogs. — Expositor: A Fresno 
lady who raises a few chickens for family use 
has been missing her young chickens from time 
to time, and naturally attributed their dis- 
appearance to cats. But she was never able to 
catch the felines carrying them off, and in fact 
she had them so securely cooped that the cats 
could not get at them well, and so she was not 
entirely willing to accept the cat theory. A 
few days aao, going to her coops she discovered 
a large toad frog hopping out. His body 
was so greatly extended that she concluded to 
open him and see what he had last been eating; 
when lo! snugly tucked away in his capacious 
stomach was the dead remains of one of her 
young chickens. As seven out of a brood of 
nine had disappeared in less than as many days, 
the conclusion she anived at was that they had 
hopped oft' with Mr. Frog. 

Lake. 

Headers' Prices. — Kelseyville Journal: The 
owners of headers in this valley are making an 
effort to agree upon prices and methods lor do- 
ing their work this season, and to this end they 
will hold a meeting in Tucker's hall, here, on 
next Saturday afternoon, at 2 o'clock. There 
are eight headers in the valley, owned by H. t 
H. Thomas, Charley Ingram, .John Woolridge, 
A. J. Clark, .lames Daly, Alorlan Bros., Seth 
Hickabaugh and Mills & Keithly. The object 
of this conference is not to raise the price for 
heading, but to equalize it, if possible, so that 
one man having a field of even grain on ground 
free from trees, stumps and ditches, need not 
pay as much for heading it as his neighbor 
whose grain is in such a shape that it will re- 
quire from 25 and 50 per cent more labor and 
time to cut it. Heretofore heading has been 
done by the acre, and now the object of the 
header owners is to see if it is not practicable 
and best for all concerned to cut by the day, so 
that the inequalities mentioned above may be 
remedied. 

Los Angeles. 

Heported Sale op Sunhy Slope. — Pasadena 
Union: It is now authoriti vely stated that L. 
J. Kose has sold his fine estate, Sunny Slope, 
to a syndicate of English capitalists for a con- 
sideration understood to be $750,000. The sale 
includes everything but the live stock and the 
stock of wines and brandies now on hand. This 
property may be considered as one of the finest 
in California — perhaps the finest embracing 
2,300 acres of fine land largely under water sys- 
tem. It contains 12,000 orange and 4,000 
lemon trees in full bearing, and about 1,000 
deciduous trees, including varieties of all kinds 
that grow in California. The orange crop sold 
this year for #1 6,000, on the trees. The acreage 
of vines is about 1,000, mostly in full bearing, 
consisting of Mission, Blau Elben and Berger, 
also othe rs of the choice varieties of foreign 
grapes. Their vintage last year was 1,800 tons. 

An* Ostrich Hatch at Anaheim. — Gazette, 
July 12: Near Anaheim, Julv 4th and various 
other days, brought to the female ostriches, 
sixteen chicks. The chicks are healthy and 
vigorous and give promise of a long and profit- 
able career. The eggs were hatched in the in- 
cubators, and it may reasonably be expected 
that from this time henceforth the crackleof the 
the eggs and the salutatory cackle of the chicks 
will be of almost daily occurrence. One of the 
female ostriches is hatching a nest of eggs in 
the good old-fashioned way. In the contest be- 
tween nature and art, the latter has proven 



victor; but the natural* process of incubation 
being slower, it is too early yet to predict a 
failure. The reasons for the failure to bring 
forth chicks last year are well understood. 
The birds were too young to produce fertile 
eggs, a fact of which the superintendent and 
other stockholders were unaware, they being 
the victims of a misplaced confidence in the im- 
porter of the birds. They are now old enough 
to retrieve themselves, however, and there is 
every reason to believe that the company will 
soon be able to fill orders for young ostriches 
"with promptness and dispatch." Visitors to 
the farm will not be able to see the chiel s for 
several weeks. 

Mendocino, 

Hop-Growers' Annual Meeting. — Pursu- 
ant to the official notice of president L. F. I 
Long, the Hop-Growers' Association of Mendo- j 
cino County held its regular annual meeting in 
Ukiah last Saturday afternoon. L. F. Long, 
President, was in the chair. Secretary J. A. 
Poage read the minutes of the previous meeting, 
which were approved, after which the Secretary 
and Treasurer made verbal reports to the Asso- 
ciation. W. D. White made a veibil report as 
to the doings of the hop-growers at their State 
Convention, held last year, and President Long 
substantiated the report, and made a few sug- 
gestions in addition thereto. One or two bills 
were allowed and ordered paid, after which C. 
D. Ambrose and T. R. Lucas were admitted to 
membership. The annual election of officers 
being the next order of business, the President 
appointed W. D. White and N. Birtlett as 
Tellers, when the election was proceeded with 
and the following officers and Directors elected : 
President, L. F. Long; Vice-President, W. D. 
White; Secretary, J. A. Poage; Treasurer,* 
H. Yates; Directors, N. Bartlett, J. B. Mc- 
Clure, T. S. Parsons, .Ino. Mewhinney, Berry 
Wright, C. D. Ambrose, and G. Howell. On 
motion, the Chair appointed Messrs. W. 1>. 
White, C. D. Ambrose and N. Bartlett, 
a committee to have the Constitution and By- 
Laws of the Association printed in pamp det 
form. W. D. White then offered the following 
resolution, which was adopted by art unanimous 
vote: 

Resolved, That this Association is opposed to the 
deduction of 7 pounds tare per bale as being unjust 
nnd unfair to the growers; but we are of the opinion 
that 3^ pounds per bale would be fair and just. 

1 luring the progress of the meeting several 
of the members spoke regarding the importance 
of maintaining the Association, securing the 
active co-operation of all the hop-growers in 
the country, and of eacli and every one work- 
ing together for the mutual benefit of all, and i 
it was especially urged they should so act that 
in the no very distant future the Association 
would be enabled to regulate the price to be 
paid for hop-picking, at the same time secure 
the full quota of pickers necessary to save the 
crops of all engaged in the business. 

San Diego. 

OropS. -Union: Mr. John R, Jones, of this 
, city, who has traveled extensively through the 
eastern part of the county during the last two 
weeks, does not give a very encouraging account 
of the condition of the grain crops in the differ- 
ent localities in which he has been. In Kl Cajon, 
Santa Maria and Valle de las Yiejas they are 
failures, while in the neighborhood of Julian 
and Mesa Orande they are in very good condi- 
tion. The bees generally are in excellent con- 
dition and have suffered little. 

Hcinkv Market. -The honey market is badly 
demoralized. Buyers north look for a very large 
, crop, and are not disposed to take hold. The 
merchants here don't care to buy anymore than 
they feel under obligations to take of their cus- 
tomers. From what information we can gather, 
the crop of extracted honey will be considera- 
ble as compared with recent years, but nothing 
like the extraordinary crop of 1877. It will, 
however, be a large crop. The quality has never 
been excelled. So many bee men have decided 
that it is more profitable to use extractors, or 
strainers, than to market the comb, that the 
proportion of comb to the total yield is much 
less than in other good honey years. It is prob- 
able that present prices, or something near 
them, will be maintained say 4\ cents for ex- 
tracted in new cases and cans, and to 11 for 
best comb. 

San Joaquin. 
Land Assessment. — Independent: Yester- 
day J. H. Hickey, who lives near the borders 
of Sacramento county, came before the San 
Joaquin Board of Equalization to look after 
some assessuu nts of the lands adjoining him 
and in his immediate vicinity. He had no 
complaints to make concerning his own assess- 
ments in this county, which averaged from §30 
to $31 per acre, but some of his neighbors had 
lands which were no better than his, but which 
were assessed as high as $50 per acre. This 
the Board considered to be a mistake of the 
Assessor, and will reduce unless the Assessor 
can show good cause for the differences in 
valuation. Mr. Hickey said that just across 
Dry Creek, in Sacramento county, land equally 
as good as those on this side in this county 
were assessed only at from $l(i to s]7 per acre, 
and he produced a letter from a correspondent 
in Sacramento county, who also owns land in 
this county, sustaining his statements as to the 
assessed valuation of lands across Dry creek. 
From that letter the following extracts are 
taken: 

"Estate of A. R. Campbell, 90 acres, assessed 
at $3,600, or$40 per acre; this includes improve- 
ments; Mr. Fairbanks, -200 acres, $3,200, or $16 



per acre; improvements, 1200; Siine Prouty, 
169 acres, "lower place, $3,360, $21 per acre; same, 
upper place, 320 acres, $5,440, $17 per acre; 
same, 200 asres, $3,400, $17 per acre; no im- 
provements; C. M. West, 160 acres, $2,560, $16 
per acre; 80 acres, $1 ,280, $16 per acre; same, 
40 acres, $640, $16 per acre; same, 120 acres, 
$1,920, $16 per acre; improvements, $2,000. 
You will now see that the two sent are a fair 
index as to how all are assessed in this county. 
I am credibly informed that the State Board of 
Kqualization has signified that no charge or 
complaint would be recognized by them where 
lands were assessed at 75 per cent of their par 
v alue, and upon this basis all lands are assessed 
here. You can at once see the, injustice of the 
assessed value of lands in your county." 

Santa Barbara. 

Jesus Mvria Rancho. — Lompoc Record: 
Seberne Steele reports that the barley on the 
Jesus Maria is all ripe; that the headers arc 
actively at work, and about two- thirds of the 
crop harvested. The wheat is more backward, 
and will not be ripe for a couple of weeks. The 
rains of last month did little or no damage, and 
the crops are better than they promised a month 
ago. The great fault with the grain is that it 
stands too thin on the ground, and the late rains 
have caused a growth of weeds. Mr. Steele re 
ports the beans and other summer crops in the 
Rochin canyon to be remarkably promising. 
The young fruit trees in the McCabe and 
Nichols settlement are doing exceedingly well, 
and he thinks the canyons of the Jesus Maria 
excellently well adapted to fruit. There are 
now families and children enough on the ranch 
for a school, which will probably be petitioned 
for this summer. 

Solano. 

A Pumpkin Freak. — Republican: A Pump- 
kin vine is growing in the garden of John S. 
Mayes that is certainly a curiosity in the vege- 
table kingdom. For about three feet the vine 
is almost round, and of normal size, and there 
is nothing unusual about its appearance. It 
then begins to spread out and the abnormal 
part of the vine is something like three feet in 
length, and it is fully six inches in width, thin, 
leaf-like, with a flat surface and slight concave 
on the bottom. From this portion of the vine, 
a perfect myriad of young pumpkins are just 
beginning to form. 

Sonoma. 

Farmers' Prospects. — Petaluma Courier :\ 
While the late rains destroyed considerable 
hay that was already cut, it did a vast amount 
of good to grain and some other crops. The 
grain crop of Sonoma will be fully up to the 
average and of fine quality. The wheat heads 
are large and filling splendidly. While some 
farmers will be compelled to cut grain for hay, 
that was intended for other purposes, and will 
be compelled to economize its use, there will be 
an abundance of good hay for home supply 
that did not ripen until after the rains, and 
some for the outside market. In this connec- 
tion, we r.dvise all farmers to save and stack 
their straw. Nobody knows what kind of a 
season next year will bring, and if it should be 
a dry one, as some old Californians predict, 
good straw will help to pull through much stock 
that might otherwise starve to death. The 
grape crop promises to be enormous, and other 
fruits excepting pears abundant. The trees 
are not so heavily loaded as they were last year, 
but the fruit will be larger and of better qual- 
ity. Potatoes, corn and other vegetable crops 
are looking fine, but the late rains brought up 
s-o many weeds that the farmers are kept busier 
than usual cleaning them out. The dairy sea- ! 
son has been one of the best and will be one of 
the longest we have ever had. Stock of all 
kinds is in fine condition, and on the whole the 
outlook for old Sonoma and Marin counties is 
very bright. 

Fruit Drier. — Our cannery, though run- 
ning in its second year, has already proved a 
blessing to our city and fruit raisers of the 
country, and now we are to have a steam fruit 
drier. A. Crawford, of Sebastopol, himself a 
: large fruit grower, has leased for a term of fiv e 
years of John A. McNear a lot fronting on 
Washington street, between Oavanagh's lum- 
ber yard and the depot plaza, and will com- 
mence at once the erection of a suitable, build - 
i ing. The dryer will be built after Mr. Craw- 
ford's own patent and will be ready for this 
year's crop. This dryer will work up all sur- 
plus fruit, cheap fruit and fruit not suitable for 
market or canning. Between the cannery, the 
drier and the outside market every pound of 
fruit raised in this section, whether good or 
inferior, can be utilized. VVe welcome Mr. 
Crawford and his new enterprise, and trust our 
citizens will give him all the encouragement in 
their power. 

Stanislaus. 

Thk Harvest; — Modesto Herald, July 10: 
For the best information we can gather, the 
wheat crop of Stanislaus county this season will 
be about 8,000,000 bushels. The average per 
acre is now estimated at 20 bushels or more. 

I J. R. McDonald and J. W. Van Benschoten, of 
Orayson, were in Modesto on Tuesday, and they 
informed us that from present reckoning the 
yield on the west side will average fully 25 per 
acre. Mr. Van Benschoten has just shipped by 
steamer 3,200 sacks, weighing 146 pounds to 
the sack, for San Francisco. It was the plump- 
est and nicest looking wheat he ever saw. Mr. 
McDonald has a good crop, and has already 
sold all he has at $1 40, delivered in San Fran- 

1 cisco. This is wise in him, as he gets a very 



good price and is relieved of future worry and 
expense. Report from the plains on the east 
side are all good. Those who have threshed say 
that the yield is even better than they expected. 
The heavy winds which prevailed two days la t 
week did some little shelling-out for the over- 
ripe, but the season has been very favorable in 
respect to damaging winds. The average per 
acre on the east side of the river will not be 
less than 15 bushels, and we think even more, 
when we consider the large amount of summer- 
fallowed grain and the usual large yield near 
the foothills. The fallen grain is being gath- 
ered without much loss, ami everything seems 
satisfactory, except prices. 

Tulare. 

Mussel Slough. -Journal, July 10: C. K. 
Pagan was in Yisalia Tuesday. He says the 
wheat crop in Mussel Slough is excellent. The 
alfalfa crop in that section of the country 
could not be better. He thinks that hay and 
grain of every description will be cheap thi . 
fall. Mr. Ragan has purchased a large tract of 
land in ti te vicinity of Smith's mountain. It 
has already trebled in value and the fine crops 
there warrant a continued increase of immigra- 
tion. So it goes. Tulare county is rapidly 
coming to the front. Those who do not pur- 
chase now and make homes for themselves, 
will no doubt regret it. 

Yolo. 

The Harvest. — Mail, July 10: Harvesting 
may now be said to be in full blast in Yolo 
county. Heading has been in progress for 
about two weeks, and a number of thrashers 
have started up. It is thought the harvest will 
be much longer this year than ordinarily, owing 
to the condition of the grain requiring much 
more labor and time both in heading and 
thrashing. 



The Blood-Horse Racks. There was a 
meeting of the trustees of the Pacific Coast 
Blood-Horse Association in this city Tuesday 
afternoon, the main business being fixing the 
time for the fall race meeting, and making the 
necessary arrangements. In order to give the 
California horses, now in the F'ast, a chance to 
participate, the dates selected are November 
Nth, 11th, 13th and 15th. Henry Schwartz and 
Jos. Cairn Simpson were appointed to construct 
a programme in addition to the fixed events. 
The "fixed events" are stakes for 2 and 3-year 
olds, which close the 1st of August of each 
year, when the animals rank as yearlings, and 
the Baldwin stake, which is a dash of four 
miles for all ages. The intention is to offer in- 
ducements sufficient to attract horses from tin- 
East in addition to those which are engaged 
there now, though owned here, and, in all 
probability, it will be the best meeting which 
has ever been held in this vicinity. 



The Sackett School. — The Sackett School 
for boys and young men will open for the com 
ing year in July. This school is elegibly sit- 
uated on Hobart street, Oakland, and is easily 
reached by the local ferry trains and Telegraph 
Avenue street cars from Broadway station. 
The school has an excellent reputation ami 
draws its students from all parts of the coast. 
Pupils are fitted lor the University or Fastern 
colleges, or those who do not care to go farther 
can obtain a broad coarse of stndy and be well 
fitted for active life. The institution under- 
takes care and training in behavior as well as 
in the work of the class room. Ample provision 
is made for outdoor sports and gymnastic exer 
cises. A catalogue giving description of the 
school in all departments may be had by ad- 
dressing the principal, I rof. D. 1'. Sackett, 
Oakland, Cal. 

LAND Sale Near Havwards.— Our adver- 
tising columns contain an announcement of the 
sale by Kaston X Eldridge of the well known 
ranch of J. H. Strobridge, near 1 1 ay wards, Ala- 
meda county. Mr. Strobridge, as our readers 
know, is the owner of the famous flock of 
Merinos which has cut such a fine figure at the 
Fairs for the last few years. His property is 
now to be sold, as he desires to leave the State. 
The ranch is located in one of the most desir 
able locations in the State, right in a great 
fruit district, near a thriving town, and is es- 
pecially fitted for the plan of sale w hich is to be 
adopted in disposing of it, viz: Division into 
small tracts of 10 acres, and upwards which 
will accommodate a host of people who are 
looking for small holdings. The offering is 
worthy of attention. 



The Overland Monthly, for July, contains 
much interesting and instructive reading. It 
opens with an able and thoughtful essay by 
.Ino. Johnson, Jr., on "Rudimentary Society 
Among Boys," which is followed by "The Con- 
Cow Indians," a very readable article, by A. 
G. Fassin; "Old Teutonic Life in Beowulf," is 
the first of what promises to a very entertain- 
ing and thoughtful series: "The Belleville 
Claim.'' "Garrison Life in the Old Northwest," 
"San Carlos de Monterey," "An Episode of the 
Turnpike," "A Shepherd at Court," "Peru, 
Boliv ia and Chili" and "The l'hillipine Islands 
following in their turn as prose. The poetry 
is exceptionally good and the book reviewing 
unquestionably well done. 



The orange crop of Southern California this 
year is estimated at 120,000 boxes, which is 
equivalent to 15,000,000 oranges. 



4G 



PA6IFI6 RURAL PRESS. 



[July 1 9, 1884 




Sunrise Among the Hills. 

" His mercies are new every morning and His com- 
passions fail not. " 

His mercies are new every morning, 

Heavy and long is the i ight, 
The sea moans in blackness of darkness — 

There may be a wreck ere the light. 
I.o ! .sudden — a gleam on the mountains — 

The shadows are fleeing away: 
God touches the clouds with sun-fingers 

And opens the gates of the day. 

His mercies are new every morning, 

And oh, His compassions ne'r fail, 
To the timid sheep cropping the herbage, 

The mariner breasting the gale; 
The child, born to love and to laughter, 

The sinner, whom tears cannot shnve, 
The mourner left " sleepless for sorrow," 

The sick man who wakes up alive! 

" His mercies are new every morning!" 

In the joy of our youth-time we sing; 
" His mercies are new every morning!" 

We sing yet with faltering tongue. 
And we'll sing it till bursts the grand music 

That all earth's faint anthems stiMs, 
And we see the Day-star arising 

Above the eternal hills. 

— Dinah Mulch k C'raik. 



Our Homes. 

I Written for Ri'rai. I'rkss In Cactis.J 
There is no word in the English language so 
sweet to all ears as the simple word "home," 
and there is no other language save our own 
that has it. It is lisped by the little child in 
connection with the dear name mother, by the 
weary wanderer in foreign lands who sighs for 
the comfort only to be found there, by the 
youth or maiden who leaves for the first time its 
hallowed precincts for the great world. For a 
time the buoyancy of young life and hope and 
joy may prevent them from thinking much 
about it, but when any sickness of body or 
mind is on them they can only be consoled by 
going home. I heard one of our most celebrated 
divines say, speaking of suicides, and their 
alarmingly frequent occurrence, "My study is 
very near the morgue and almost every day 
the body of some poor creature, who has rushed 
uncalled into the presence of its maker is 
brought there, and though my heart is wrung 
with pity for all, for none do 1 feel such deep 
sympathy as for the one whose death was pro- 
duced by homesickness. Think what it must 
be to pass by comfortable homes all aglow with 
love and light, music and beauty, to hear merry 
voices sing out joyous greetings to the loved 
oues on their return from the cares of business. 
To see little cherubic faced children rush out to 
greet papa, for whose advent they have eagerly 
waited all day; and then to feel that nowhere 
on this broad earth is there a place that will 
grow brighter at your coming. It is small 
wonder that some try to drown their agony in 
drink, while others more weak strive to bury 
it in the oblivion of death. Will not the lov- 
iugall Father, who sees not as man sees, give 
the poor homeless wanderer who has rushed 
half-crazed into his presence a glimpse of love 
and the home he has failed to find here, and 
may there not be a chance for the blighted pos- 
sibilities of his nature to bloom out in the sun- 
light of heaven, even as a flower that has lived 
in a darkened cellar when it is exposed to the 
magical influence of sun and air, bursts into 
bloom, perfume and beauty. 

All dwellings are not homes however. A 
true home is a place where reason as well as 
love holds sway. Though the father is govern- 
or of the little realm, the mother should be 
the guiding star; and this she can not be if she 
is worn out by overwork and anxiety as too 
many of the mothers in our rural homes are. 
While I was in the country I called one day 
with a friend upon the wife of a well-to-do 
farmer, one who could afford and did keep male 
help upon the farm the year around. He was 
a kind man to his wife and family, what is 
called usually 'a good provider,' and I suppose 
if any one bad told him that his wife was being 
killed by overwork he would have been very 
much surprised and grieved. Hut such was 
the case. Her vital energies were being sapped 
to the very foundation; her nerve forces worn 
out and destroyed by doing all her own work, 
which consisted of her house work, w ashing, 
cooking for the help, which varied from 1-2 to 
I ") in harvest time, doing most of her own sew 
ing and taking entire charge of her children, 
tour in number. Now where was the time for 
this poor woman to rest or obtain food for the 
mind so necessary in the moulding of other 
minds, for it is conceded by all that a mother 
more than any one else forms the minds of her 
children. She came in looking pale and worn, 
with the hard lines of care graven upon her 
face making her look much older than she 
really was, and after apologizing for the ap- 



pearance of the room, for which there was no 
need, for everything was very neat and taste- 
fully arranged, she said that her baby had been 
sick for several days and had needed a great 
deal of care and attention, and that laBt night 
he was unusually fretful, and it was sometime 
before she could get him to sleep, »nd when she 
had done so her husband was aroused and be- 
gan to talk about the hard times, and how, if 
they continued, it would be impossible to keep 
Tom and Katie at school. 

"And of course that made you blue, and kept 
you awake at night?" said my friend pitifully, 
herself the mother of a large family. 

"Yes, it is true, I couldn't sleep for I have 
set my heart upon the children having a good 
education, my husband is anxious too, but he 
says if we can't give it to them we can't, and 
they will at least do as well as we have done; 
but I don't think so, for I feel that the world 
moves and education is much more common and 
necessary than it used to be, besides I do not 
want any of my children to have such a hard 
life as mine has been, and it is only education 
that can prevent it. Tom has a taste for the 
study of medicine, and I am determined that 
he shall go through college, and Katie, dear 
child, is anxious to become a teacher of music. 
.She has sound judgment for one of her years. 
When she came home for vacation last fail, her 
father said: 'Well, Kate, would you rather 
have a piano or another year's schooling?' and 
she said, 'Another year's schooling, please 
father; when I get my education I can earn my 
own piano.' I had determined to have a ( 'Una 
boy during harvest to help me with my work, 
but I have decided to do the work myself and 
save the money for the children's schooling." 

"But, my dear," said my friend in remon- 
strauce, "you will break down, and then what 
will they all do ? Home will not be home with 
out you. You really must save yourself a lit- 
tle. Take time to rest and read. There is a 
beautiful new book that 1 have enjoyed reading 
very much that I am going to bring you." 

"Ob, don't: it will only be a temptation, and I 
■shall never get time to rpad it. Why, I have 
only read a very little since the first year of my 
marriage, and 1 scarcely ever pick up even a 
newspaper now." 

"Doesn't your husband icad them?" 

"Oh, yes, every evening after supper. He 
couldn't get along without the IttKAl. 1'itKss 
and the (.'till, he says, and now and then he 
reads snatches aloud while I am putting my 
baby to sleep." 

"Well, now I'll tell you what you must do. 
Put baby to sleep before supper, if possible. If 
not, let one of the older children do it. He may 
cry at first, but he will soon get used to it. And 
when your husband takes up his paper, you 
take an easy chair, put your tired feet upon a 
footstool and read also." 

"Why, my husband would think I was 
crazy." 

"Never mind" let him think so. He may 
then wake up to the necessity of taking a little 
more care of you. Try it." 

"But my husband is as kind as he can be, 
and if he thought " 

"That's just it: make him think. It i.-. bet- 
ter for him to think now than after you are 
dead. If he is able to keep hired help in the 
field, he is able to keep some one in the house, 
and your home. Children and husband will all 
be better and happier if you 'slip the leash of 
worry' for an hour or so every day." 

"An exceptional case," you say. I think not. 
Too many of our farmers' wives are overworked. 
A woman is not so strong as a man, and her 
nerves strung up to the highest pitch do not 
rebound with the same elasticity. Cares sit 
much more heavily upon them. A man will 
come home overburdened with anxiety and eag- 
erly tell his troubles to the loving mind and 
heart that is only too open to receive them, and 
then, having relieved his mind, will go to bed 
and sleep heavily till morning, while she, poor 
soul, will toss upon her pillow for hours, 
studying and planning how by strict economy 
and renewed exertion, she can aid in lifting the 
heavy burden, and after a few hours sleep, too 
short for "tired natures sweet restorer" to 
invigorate her exhausted energies, she rises un- 
refreshed to continue the weary round of toil. 
Is it any wonder that some of them feel what 
I heard one express one day, "Oh why do girls 
marry? If they only knew what was before 
them they wouldn't." And this not because 
any one was actively unkind or cruel, but simp- 
ly because she was worn out. Would it not be 
better to go a little slower, make less money 
and enjoy life a little more? 

"But the children are growing up, and we 
want to educate them and lay by a little so that 
they may have something to commence life 
upon." Very proper and laudable in you, but 
do you not think the children would prefer to 
have less wealth and keep the dear father and 
mother and even work for them if need be in re- 
turn for the care now lavished upon them. If 
they w ould not they are not worth working tor, 
and no human being has a right to ignore his 
own claims and erase himself completely, for 
another, even his own children. Besidi s better 
than material wealth, is soul wealth and mind 
wealth, and this you can best give them by- 
keeping yourself abreast of the spirit of the 
times. During my school vacation once, I 
went to the house of a lady from Philadelphia 
to spend some time they had a very pleasant 
home — comfortably but not luxuriously furnish- 
ed, some distance from town. It was in a | 
lovely spot with rolling hills covered with ver- 
dure, and the distant river glistening like a 
a sheet of silver in the sunlight. They had a I 



nice garden, plenty of fruit and flowers, and 
were in easy circumstances. The gentleman 
was a large stock dealer away from home only 
about three times a year. He wa9 handsome 
and cultivated, and about ten years older than 
his brown eyed and interesting little wife. 
Their children were three in number, 
and better behaved or more intelligent 
children I never saw. I had, up to that time, 
believed with Tennyson, that "Man is for the 
field and woman for the hearth, he for the 
sword and for the needle she, all else confu- 
sion," and so was considerably astonished when 
the day after I came as we were seated on the 
back piazza, she said to me, "I cooked break- 
fast myself this morning in honor of your ar- 
rival, but to morrow morning Mr. Steele will 
get it, and 1 want you to tell me whose you 
prefer." 

"Oh," 1 said, "can he cook? I think it is horrid 
to even have a man enter the kitchen; how can 
you let him?" "Let him," she cried, "1 wanthim 
to. I do not think it's right for a woman to 
work herself to death, simply because she is a 
woman. He has as much time as I have to 
employ in that way; I prepare the children for 
breakfast while he gets it, so there is no con- 
fusion and we all enjoy it. We made the 
agreement before our marriage that I should 
not give up my hour for study and music for 
anything and 1 never have. If I want my chil- 
dren to be anything in life I must keep myself 
prepared to instruct them, for they look upon 
me new and I intend they always shall, 
both as companion and friend as well as 
mother and this requires study. Nothing 
ever interferes with my hour for music 
in the morning or my hour for study in the 
afternoon. The children know that those are 
"mother's hours," and never intrude, and if I 
have company I always tell them of this rule 
which I have never deviated from." 

"Well, but how do you manage to get along 
with your housework?" 1 asked. "Is it not 
difficult sometimes?" 

"Yes, sometimes, especially as it is impossi- 
ble to get a servant to come so far out into the 
country, and I could not do it without my hus- 
band 's co-operation and consent, but he feels 
the need of it as much as I do; sometimes it 
requires extra labor, sometimes I have been 
obliged to leave things undone until another 
time, but this is rare. I think the whole 
secret is this, I made the rule and was strong 
enough to adhere to it. Then I keep my chil- 
dren in plainer clothes than most mothers do, 
and I only endeavor to have good wholesome 
food well cooked, with but little cake or pas 
try. I feel that the time gained for knowledge 
is better spent than it would be over the cook- 
ing stove." 

"Do you do your own washing'" 

"Sometimes, and when I do I rise earlier and 
take but half an hour for iny music." 

Well, I spent three months in that home, and 
I never saw a happier or more refined family. 
Mrs. Steele's center-table was always covered 
with the choicest literature, books, magazines 
and scientific monthlies, and her children were 
not neglected in any way. At first 1 disliked 
the idea of eating a man's cooking, but after- 
wards it used to grow quite amusing to see him, 
well covered with a big linen apron, his spec- 
tacles pushed back off of his gray hair, briugiug 
in a big plate of smoking gems, and see with 
what gusto he carved the steak after cooking it. 
He was quite as good a cook as his wife, and it 
was fun to witness their rivalry; but nothing 
could be more charming in the evening than to 
see the little ones gather around their parents 
and listen to their questions, and witness the 
ease and evident delight it was to the mother to 
be able thus to interest, enliven and instruct, 
and the consequence was that they preferred 
her society to that of any of their own age. 

i have not intended these incidents of real 
life as hints to any one, but if the} should sug- 
gest a new thought to any tired mother 1 shall 
be glad. 

| Our correspondent has made many interest- 
ing and valuable suggestions. The case in 
which the man of the house regularly cooked 
the breakfast cannot be considered of any mo- 
ment except where that individual has nothing 
else to turn his hand to profitably. No man 
with much farm work on hand can afford to 
give the morning hour to the kitchen. A 
preacher or doctor or teacher might pose as a 
model husband in that way, but not a farmer. 
In the matter of rigid household rules, it must 
be remarked that a rule which would warn vis- 
itors to depart because the lady's hour for study 
has arrived, would be generally considered in- 
hospitable, if not actually rude, and would soon 
reduce the lady's calling list to a blank page. 
Still every mother should contrive time for self- 
improvement, and if she has ordinary woman's 
wit she can, in many cases at least, do it with- 
out making her husband cook or showing her 
visitors the door. Ki>s. Pkess. | 

Onk-Sidkd Children. — The bodies and 
heads of children are sometimes distorted be- 
cause the mother or nurse carries them to much 
on one arm. This is almost sure to be the case 
if the mother can nurse them only from one 
breast, as now and then happens. Mothers 
may correct this by changing the child's posi- 
tion frequently, and this her love for her child 
will prompt her to do if she knows how impor- 
tant it is. 



The Wonders of the Human Eye. 

[Written fill Kl KAI. Fkkss 111 I'KOI. Ckasvii.i.k P. Kostkr I 

From the very earliest times the human body, 
in the mysteries of its embryonic formation, iu 
the many wonders of its various parts and 
organs, has been naturally an object of the in- 
tensest study. Kirlier than the times of pyra- 
mid building among the ancieut Kgyptians, 
kings and priests delighted to lay aside at times 
their usual tasks and employments to indulge 
in the fascinating study of anatomy and medi- 
cine. So, too, among the ancient Chaldeaus, 
Creeks and Romans the most lively inter 
est was manifested in these branches. 
The (i reeks especially were adepts in an- 
atomical lore, for hardly a bone or a muscle, 
or a tissue had escaped their scrutinizing 
search. In the dark ages, the Saracens prose- 
cuted with such avidity and with such success 
the study of the human system, that Moham- 
medan surgeons and physicians were, notwith- 
standing the bigotry of the times, in great de- 
mand throughout Christendom. In the middle 
ages appear such eminent scholars as Sylvius, 
Yesalius, Fallopius, and a host of others' 
whose discoveries laid the foundation of 
modern anitomy. But confined as early an- 
atomists uecessirily were to what the unaided 
eye alone was fitted to reveal, discovery of 
new facts was slow indeed, and great progress 
could not be expected; not until the microscope 
had revealed another and totally unsuspected 
world a microcosm of diminutive wonder 
astonishingly vast in its very littleness -was 
there any real progress made toward a correct 
understanding of the structure of the human 
economy. Histology, or that science which 
treats of the microscopic structure of the bod 
By tissues, is of comparatively recent origin. 
It can scarcely be said to have any existence 
prior to the commencement of the present ecu 
tury, and it is mainly the product of the re- 
searches of the last quarter of a century, duriug 
which time German scholars adepts iu the va 
rious modes of using the microscope and in pre 
paring specimens therefor, have turned their 
attention to a thorough examination of the tis 
sues of the aijimal frame, and the results are al- 
most beyond human belief, and yet only a bare 
beginning in this direction has been made. With 
still further improvements in the construction of 
the microscope and still greater skill in the 
preparations of specimens I both of which are 
within reasonable hopel we may look for rela- 
tions in this department, of which it would 
now be idle to dream. 

Now, nowhere has the microscope been of 
greater value, and nowhere has it revealed 
more astonishing wonders than iu studying the 
structure of the organs of the special senses. 
The essential parts of the organs are too minute 
even to be well discovered by the unpracticed 
eye, when aided by the most powerful micro 
scope, much less can they be discerned by the 
unaided eye. There are scores too, of exquisite 
niceties, in preparation and manipulation of 
specimens necessary, before such are ready to 
be examined, not to mention the extra care and 
skill required on the part of the observer. Now 
just such researches as these have recently 
thrown a flood of light upon the structure of 
the retina, the essential portion of the eye. 
• lust as in the organ of corti, in the internal 
ear, the 3,000 cortian arches .and innumerable 
hair-cells attached thereto, form an instrument 
which, tremblingly responsive to sounds from 
the outer world, translates them into impress 
ions which are borne along the auditory nerve 
to the sensorium. So, too, we have'iu the ret 
ina a wonderful instrument, so delicately ar- 
ranged that the very subtile waves of either 
are caught ami translated into impressions, 
which are borne along the optic nerve, to the 
sensorium. A brief description of this marvel- 
ous instrument w ill be given here. 

The human eye is almost sphercial in form, 
of about an inch in diameter. The outer tunic 
is foru ed by the scerotii a and cornea, the lat 
ter being continuous with the former, and both 
composed of fibrous tissue. The transparency 
of the cornea is dependent upon a peculiar ar- 
rangement of its fibers, together >. ith the effect 
of a fluid contained in the interstices between 
the fibers. The second tunic is the choroid 
consisting of several layers, and abundantly 
supplied with blood vessels; and the third tunic 
is the retina to be hereafter described. Just be 
hind the cornea is a chamber, divided into two 
compartments by the iris, and filled witii aque- 
ous humor. The iris, so named from its vari- 
ous colors in different individuals, is a circular 
muscle, consisting of conceutric and radiating 
fibers, which, being acted upon through a nerv 
ous branch from the sympathetic system, as 
well as though a branch from the third pair of 
cerebral nerves, contracts or dilates the pupil, 
or aperture in the center, in proportion to the 
intensity of the light fulling on the retina. 
This effect can be produced also by certain 
i i n s, as for instance, belladona and calabar 
bean. Just behind the pupil is 

The Crystalline Lens. 

Lying in a depression, hollowed out of the trout 
of the vitreous humor. This lens consists of a 
capsule, containing a viscid, transparent mass, 
and is in form a double convex body, less con 
vex on the front side than on the back. The 
lens is so attached to the ciliary muscle, 
through the medium of a snspensory ligament 
that the movement of the muscles by pulling 



July 19, 1884.] 



fAeiFie f^URAL press. 



out the capsule, flattens more or less the lens, 
according to the degree of adjustment which 
the eye at the time may require. 

The Vitreous Humor 

Lies in tiie space between the crystalline lens in 
front and the retina behind, and consists of an 
albuminous transparent fluid, held in a very 
thin and delicate membrane, called the hyaloid. 
The function of the lenses and humors of the 
eye is to fix on the retina an image of an object, 
looked at in such a manner that it will be en- 
tirely free from all blur, being rightly focused 
and clear of defect arising from spherical and 
chromatic aberration; and in order that this end 
may be attained, the forms of the lenses, the 
apparatus for adjustment, the form and move- 
ment of the irte, are such that all these various 
kinds of imperfec'i >Ti are entirely avoided, and 
a clear, distinct picture is thrown upon 
the nervous screen. However interesting it 
might be, the details of the construction of the 
eye, or exactly how a distinct image of an ob- 
ject is thrown on the retina, cannot here be 
told; neither can we speak of various defects 
which may exist in the eye, such as myopia, 
astigmatism. All this would be foreign to the 
subject, and hence we will proceed to a de- 
scription of the retina, which will furnish mat- 
ter for the second article. 

Varaville dot/eye, VacavUlr, Ceil. 



Freezing the Guests. 

Editor Press: Rebellion in the home cir- 
cle! hurrah! three times, three cheers and a 
tiger! All throw up your hats! Deliver your 
Chautauqua salutes! Down with that ancient, 
unnecessary and expensive bugbear, the family 
refrigerator! Too long has that sacred apart- 
ment lived at the expense of the balance of the 
house. Living rooms have been starved of the 
necessaries of life, that this white elephant 
might possess one more gorgeous velvet chair, 
or bebedizened with somesuperfluous gaudygew- 
gaw. Too long has the burdened housewife solemn- 
ly devoted her day's energies to scrub and dust the 
family Lares and I'enates that the friendly visi- 
tor might be duly impressed with the high 
tone of her host's parlor. 

But alas for poor womanity ' How trans- 
parent the deception. The chill on entering 
the apartment, and a suspicion of stu Hi ness in 
the atmosphere speak too loudly of closed 
blinds and fireless hearth. Kven the chairs, 
instead of wooing one to accept their embraces, 
have a defiant, touch me-not-I'm-much-too 
valuable to-be-sat-upon look. So instead of the 
easy unbending true friendship, invited by the 
warm welcome of "home" a little starchy con- 
versation ensues. The damp of osten- 
tation, the chill of envy and the ice of 
pride freeze the rising warmth of love 
and flow of soul, and the guest departs 
to get thawed out morally and physically in the 
warmth of her own home-living rooms. 

Therefore, to such of your correspondents as 
have lately counselled rebellion, in such com- 
munications as "Live of Your Best," I respond 
with a vigorous and rapturous encore. 

However nice your house, regard you i self as 
the worthy occupant of the whole of it. Don't 
cherish any mock modesty! If a room is too 
good for yourself and family, it is too good also 
for your guests. Don't live under false pre- 
tenses, endeavoring to persuade your visitors 
that you live in a style beyond their means and 
your own. 

If we must have "Dutch parlors," religiously 
kept for State purposes, I suggest that a dozen 
families club together to have a Mutual Parlor 
Association. Each subscribe one twelfth of the 
expense of the individual parlor, and each use 
the room once a fortnight to receive their com- 
pany. The parlor will thus appear inhabited, 
will be warm and not frosty, will lie unfurnished 
with the aforesaid "Ice of pride and chill of 
euvy," and will cease to be a refrigerating 
apartment. 

Pacific Grove, Ctd. 



Edward Berwick. 



Preparing to be Dumpy. Women, espe- 
cially those of the upper classes, who arc not 
obliged to keep themselves in condition by 
work, lose after middle age (sometimes earlier) 
a considerable amount of their bight, not by 
stooping, as men do, but by actual collapse, sink- 
ing down, mainly to be attributed to the perish- 
ing of the muscles which support the frame, in 
consequence of habitual and constant pressing 
of stays and dependence upon the artificial sup- 
port by them afforded. Every girl who wears 
stays that press upon these muscles and re- 
stricts the free development of the fibers that 
support them, releiving them from their natural 
duties of supporting the spine indeed, inca- 
pacitating them from so doing may feel sure 
that she is preparing herself to be a dumpy 
woman. 

Busying Alive. — A paper recently read 
before the Erench Academy of Medicine ex- 
pressed the writer's conviction that one in 
every 5,000 persons is buried alive. This esti- 
mate, however exaggerated, is not calculated 
to allay an apprehension which is conspicuous 
among the Erench people, and which was lately 
brought to public attention by the declaration 
of the President of the Chamber of Notaries 
that express instructions are given in one will 
out ot every ten to have the heart pierced by 
a qualified surgeon before the lid of the coffin 
is screwed down. 



^OUeJG B olks ' QoLUJvIN. 



Puzzle Box. 

Charade. 
Beneath the waves my home is far away, 
Where seldom do 1 see the light of day; 
In grotto, cave and delj of oceans clear, 
I sport and play with ne'er a care or fear. 

Though in our pearly homes 'tis ofttimes cold, 
In fairy brightness better 'tis than gold; 
The water's sheen and sparkling tints are grand, 
Are fair and bright as lovely rainbow's band. 

Men say we are but myths, and this a fable, 
But if to find our grotto home they're able, 
Then shall they quirk exclaim like one ot old, 
"Most sure it is the half has not been told." 

My first is often worn by ladies gay, 

Is seen upon the street on any day; 

My second's likewise found in north and south, 

From land-locked lakes to bays at river's mouth. 

My whole is in the ocean dark and deep, 
Where gentle mermaids hie to sport and sleep; 
There's naught so fair you'll find, though far you 
roam. 

As this most lovely spot — the mermaid's home. 

Mermaid, 



nie will think quite so much of her now as she 
would if you hadn't mentioned Nell's careless 
habits? I am quite sure you and Jennie will 
be less likely to have patience with her faults 
since you have discussed them together, a] 
beit you did it thoughtlessly and bore her no 
real ill-will." 

" I suppose that is all so," replied Carrie, re- 
gretfully, " though evil-speaking always seemed 
to me to mean more than that." 

" So it does; but the greater includes the 
less, and by the3e slighting and disparag- 
ing comments many who would not be guilty 
of harshly censuring an enemy will con- 
stantly injure the friends they really like." 

Forimrd. 



ESTie G(eoj\jojviY. 




Decapitations. 

1. Behead a color and leave a beam of light. 

2. Behead a small collection of trees and leave to 
wander about. 

3. Behead a powerful motive agent and leave a 
vehicle. 

4. Behead a gay assembly ami leave the whole. 

5. Behead an implement used in war and leave 
the sign of a a idea. 

6. Behead a period of time and leave a part of the 
head. FELIX, 



Syncopations. 

1. Syncopate difficult and leave possessed. 
1. Syncopate a vehicle and leave a domestic 
animal. 

3. Syncopate an unmarried lady and leave angry. 

4. Syncopate a poet and leave evil. 

5. Syncopate an article of food and leave a nail. 

6. Syncopate a stream of ualer and leave a bound 
volume. 

7. Syncopate an animal and leave a range of 
articles. 

8. Syncopate the rim of a wheel and leave to unite. 

9. Syncopate a part of the body and leave warmth, 
ro. Syncopate a deer and leave a covering for the 

head. I em pus. 

Curtailments. 

1. Curtail a liquor and leave an insect. 

2. Curtail to glisten and leave a part of the leg. 

3. Curtail a tree and leave a Chinese plant. 

4. Curtail a fortified place and leave in place of. 

5. Curtail to mortify and leave an imitation. 

6. Curtail a fowl and leave a personal pronoun. 

Mi IRTIMER. 



Answers to Last Puzzles. 

Riddle. — Cipher, (o). 

INITIAL CHANGES, — 1. Land, band, hand, sand, 
wand. 2. Wane, bane, cane, Dane, Jane, lane, 
sane. 

Easy Problem. — A paid $10. 

CHAR A 1 >K. — Number-less. 
Decapitations. — 1. Trout, rout. 2. Price, rice. 
3. Prate, rate. 4. Flame, lame. 

"As Thyself." 

Jennie Nelson was spending the afternoon 
with ( 'arrie Barlow, so they sat in the pleasant 
bay-window with their fancy work, chatting in 
school-girl fashion about their common acquain- 
tances and their common interests. 

"I met Nell Murray this afternoon," said 
.fenny. "She wore such a pretty cashmere 
dress ! Have you seen it ?" 

"Yes. Nell always dresses in good taste, 
but then, she is rather careless, you know. She 
isn't apt to mend things very neatly when they 
need it, and that spoils the effect of a pretty 
costume." 

"Indeed it does ! I never noticed that in 
Nell probably because I don't know her as well 
as you do. Speaking of carelessness in another 
way, how provoking it is that Miss Wilson ueg- 
lacts to make out our examination averages. 
She has had plenty of time." 

"Of course. I suppose she forgets it. For 
two weeks she has promised our history class 
that she would read us extracts from a book 
she has at home, but she never remembers to 
bring it. The girls are losing all confidence in 
her promises." 

"Louise Sherman called on me yesterday; 
sin attends Mrs. Blake's French academy now. 
I couldn't help wondering whether she can 
speak French any better than she speaks Eng- 
lish. What an amount of money has been 
wasted on her education !" 

"Slut is lively, pleasant company, though in 
spite of her double negatives." 

"I like her, too. Is it possible that clock 
struck five? I must go. Come over soon 
won't you ?" 

When Jennie had gone, Carrie joined her 
mother in the dining room, and began to talk 
over some of the news she had just heard. 

Mrs. Barlow looked rather grave. 

" I am afraid, from what I heard and what 
you say, that you failed to control your 
ton ues. Didn't you ? " 

" Why, mamma, what do you mean? I am 
sure we told nothing but the truth." 

" Perhaps; and yet more than that is neces- 
sary sometimes. Didn't you forget that ' char 
ity covereth a multitude of sins?' S ou both 
like Nellie Murray, but do you suppose Jen- 



The Teeth of the Future. 

In an able address recently delivered, Mr. 
Spence Bate, E.R.S., has drawn attention to 
some remarkable features, which it may be in- 
teresting and instructive to take into account. 
In the teeth of the Esquimaux, the Bed Indi- 
ans, and the natives of Ashantee, as well as 
those found in the ancient barrows of England, 
the so-called interglobular spaces, seen so fre- 
quently in sections of modern teeth, appear not 
to exist; nor, indeed, are they to be detected in 
the dentine of the best developed structures of 
the modern European. Not only is the dentine 
getting deteriorated, but the enamel would 
seem likewise to be undergoing a modification 
— becoming too opaque. In addition to the 
histological changes, the external form and 
character of the teeth are sustaining an altera- 
tion. This seems to be. in relation to an impor- 
tant feature in the history of their evolution. 

The tendency for the cranium to develop at 
the expense of the face and the jaws is seen to 
occur as we ascend the scale of the vertebrated 
series of animals. ( >wing to this atrophy of the 
jaws, the proper space for the full play and de- 
velopment of the normal teeth would seem not 
to be available. At birth, the bones are not 
sufficiently grown to receive the teeth in their 
normal a' oh; and, as in the human mouth, the 
premaxillary bones are firmly united a short 
time after birth, it follows that the pos terior 
part of the jaw is the only place where growth 
can occur. Any delay in the development and 
consolidation of the symphysis must have the 
effect of contracting the space required for the 
teeth at this site. In the course of vertebrate 
evolution there is a marked tendency for teeth 
to disappear. The lower vertebrates have four 
molars on each side in each jaw, the higher 
have three, while in man the number is reduced 
to two. — The Lancet. 

I The inference is, that teeth arc being gradu- 
ally evolved into brain matter, and as man in- 
creases in intellect, his masticators become un- 
necessary. The future man will have a large 
brain, but no natural teeth. He will have to 
depend on the mechanical dentist. Eds. Press.] 

Turpentine in Infectious Diseases. — The 
Medical Record tells us that H. Yilandt writes 
in the Ugeskrifl for Ledger, concerning the 
value of the oil of turpentine in the treatment 
and prophylaxis of diphtheria and the exanthe- 
matous diseases. He states that he has never 
seen any of these diseases spread from a sick 
child to other members of the family when this 
remedy was employed. In many of his cases 
i no isolation could be attempted, as the mother 
' was the only female in the family, and was 
obliged to take care of both the sick and the 
well, continually passing back and forth from 
one to the other. His method was to pour 
from twenty to forty drops of a mixture of 
; equal parts of turpentine and carbolic acid 
into a kettle of water, which was kept sim- 
mering over a slow fire, so that the air of the 
sick room was constantly impregnated with the 
odor of these two substances. He claims also 
that by this means a favorable influence is ex- 
erted upon the exudation in diphtheria, al- 
though it is by no means curative of the disease, 
and should never be relied upon to the exclu- 
sion of other remedies. 



Tobacco vni> the Pulse. — Dr. Troitski, 
says the Journal de Medccine de Brn- 
xelles, has made a number of observations 
upon the effects produced on the temperature 
and pulse by smoking. He found .that in 
every ease, varying according to the condition 
of the individual, there was an acceleration of 
the pulse rate and a slight elevation of tcm 
perature. If the average temperature of non- 
smokers were represented by one thousand, that 
of moderate smokers would be one thousand 
anil eight, and while the heart in the formei 
I ca>e was making one thousand pulsations, in 
the latter it would beat one thousand one 
hundred and eighty times. It is in the lattei 

effect that he thinks the danger of tobacco 
smoking is manifested. 

A hint tor the Sick-room.- — Impregnation 
of the atmosphere of a sick-chamber when the 
patient is ill of diphtheria, measles, scarlet 
fever, or of any allied disease, with the odor of 
a mixture of equal parts of turpentine and 
carbolic: acid is recommended by Dr. Yilandt. 
Half a teaspoonful of the mixture will be 
enough at a time, if it is put into a kettle of 
water kept near the boiling point. The odor 
generally gives some relict to the sufferer, aud 
tends to prevent the spread of the malady. 



Cabuaok Salad. — One small head of white 
cabbage, sliced tine with a keen knife. Chop 
ping bruises salads of the green kinds. One- 
half cup of vinegar and the same of boiling milk; 
one tablespoonfnl of butter, one beaten egg, one 
tablespoonful of white sugar, pepper and salt to 
taste. Scald the milk in one saucepan, the 
vinegar in another. Put into the latter when 
hot, the butter, sugar, pepper and salt, boil up 
once and stir in the shred cabbage. Cover 
closely and draw to the side of the stove where 
it will scald, but not boil. Pour the hot milk 
on the beaten egg. Return to the lire, and stir 
until it begins to thicken. Turn the cabbage 
into a bowl, pour the hot milk and egg upon it, 
and mix thoroughly with a silver fork. Cover 
the bowl while the contents are hot, and set 
away where it will cool suddenly. Eat cold. 



Strawberry Pickle. Put the fresh berries 
in a jar, a, layer in the bottom first with cinna 
mon and cloves scattered over them, then put 
another layer of berries, and continue in this 
way until the jar is nearly lull; then pour over 
them a syrup made of two cups of vinegar, and 
about three cups of sugar; heat this to the boil 
ing point, anil then pour it into the jar. Let it 
stand from one morning until the next; then 
pour berries and syrup into a preserving kettle, 
and let them boil slowly for nearly half an hour. 
If you be careful to let them cook slowly, and 
do not break them when stirring, the berries 
will keep their shape perfectly. If canned they 
arc sure to be fresh and delicious when wanted. 

Pickle i on Tonoues. — Trim some of the 
root and fat from an ox tongue and lay it in a 
pan; cover it with salt, and so let it remain 
until the following day. During this time a 
quantity of slime will have come from if, 
which must be poured oil'. Make a mixture of 
equal quantities of moist sugar aud common 
salt and half the quantity of saltpetre; half a 
pound each of the two former and a quarter of 
a pound of the latter would be enough for an 
ordinary-si/.ed tongue. Rub this well into the 
tongue and turn it every day for a week; then 
make a fresh pickle as before, and, having 
taken away the first renew the rubbing and 
turning daily . for another week, when the 
tongue will be ready for use. 

Spanish Cream. - Put an ounce of gelatine 
in three pints of rich milk; dissolve on the fire, 
stirring all the time. Add three-quarters of a 
pound of sifted sugar, remove from the fire, 
beat six eggs very. light and add slowly to the 
mixture, put back on the fire, stirring until it 
thickens. Flavor with vanilla, beating until 
cool; wc moid with milk, drain well, pour in 
the cream, set on ice. Divide recipe if too 
large. 

POTATO Soup. - Peel and slice potatoes, boil 
them to a mash, rub all through a coarse sieve, 
and stir them into boiling water to the ap- 
proved thickness. Add a piece of butter, salt 
and chopped parsley, chervil or any other 
herb. When taken off' the fire stir in the 
yolks of a few eggs that have been beaten with 
a little cream or milk, and serve with sippets 
or dice of toasted bread, either in the tureen 
or dry. 

Peas French Fashion. Melt one quarter 
of a pound of butter in a saucepan, then add I \ 
pints of young peas, pepper and salt to taste, a 
couple of small onions whole, a small hunch of 
parsley and half a head of lettuce tied up to- 
gether, and a pinch of sugar. Toss on a slow 
fire till the peas are cooked. Then remove the 
parsley, lettuce and onions and serve with a 
little finely-minced parsley mixed in the peas. 

Mint VINEGAR. — Take peppermint or spear- 
mint leaves; wash them, and put them into a 
large-mouthed bottle; fill the bottle up with 
vinegar; have a cork that lits closely. Let this 
stand for three weeks, then pour it through a 
muslin cloth into a clean bottle, and it is ready 
for use. 

Whipped Cream (Plain). One pint rich 
cream; sifted white sugar to taste; flavor with 
vanilla or lemon; add a little dissolved gelatine 
if cream is not very thick. Heat with a beater 
or fork; remove the froth as fast as it rises. 
Turn over sponge cake, or serve plain. 

Italian Cream. — Half ounce gelatine, two 
te, (spoonfuls pulverized gum arabic, dissolve in 
half pint of warm water. Have ready a quart 
of whipped cream, sweetened and flavored. 
Strain into this the gelatine, and chill in a 
mold. Delicious. 



Sour-Cream Cookies. — Sour cream cookies 
are made of one cup of sour cream, one cup of 
sugar, two eggs, one teaspoonful of soda, a 
little salt, and Hour enough to make a soft 
dough: flavor with cinnamon. 



TRAP Doors in the Roofs ok Cars. It has 
been recommended in the report of a special 
railroad committee, that trap doors be placed 
in the roofs of passenger cars, and that hereafter 
all passenger cars be so constructed as to ha\ e 
an opening in the roof, the cover of which cau 
be removed iu case of accident, as may be re- 
quired. The report was accepted and the com 
mittee Was coutiuued, with a request to furnish 
plans for the proposed change at the next 
meeting. 



48 



PA0IFI6 RURAL PRESS. 



[Jcly 19, 1884 




>. T. PKWK.V. 



W. H. KWKK. 



Published by DEWEY & CO. 

Officc,2S2 Market St., X. E.cor. Front St.,S. F 
L4T Take the Elevator, An. J.' Front St. 



AnnitKss all literary anil business correspondence and 
drafts for this palter iu the name of the firm. i 



Our Subscription Rates. 

Oi R Si'usi hiption Rates are tiiiikk hollars a year, 
in advance, if continued sutacriptious are not prepaid iu 
advance, for any reason, kiktv cknts extra will be charged 
f.ir each year or fraction of a year. S4I' No new names 
placed on the list without cash in advance. 



Advertising Rates. 

/ Week. 1 Month. S Month*. I Year. 
Per Line (agate).... * .25 * .80 £ 2 20 * 5.00 
Half inch (1 square). 1.50 4.00 10.06 24.00 

one inch 2.00 5.00 14.00 46.00 

Large advertisements at favoraM* rates. Sj.. vial OX read 
Ing notices, legal advertisements, notices appearing iu extra 
ordinary type, or iu particular parts of the paper, at specia 
rates. Four insertion* are rated in a month. 



Late Advertisements.- Advertisements not received 
as early as Tuesday will he charged 10 per cent, additional 
for night work or extra cost, anient otherwise contracted. 



Our late.it form* go to press Wednesday erening. 



Kutered at the H. F. Post Office as second-class mail matter. 

SCIENTIFIC PKESS I'ATEXT AOEXCY. 
DEWEY & CO., Patent Solicitors. 

A.T. DIWIV W. B. EWER. O. H. 9TROSO. 

SAN FRANCISCO: 

Saturday, July 19, 1884. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



RDlTORIALS.-llop Pickinis; The Crops, 41. The 
Week; The Financial Situation; The Fairs of 1SS4, 48. 

ILLUSTRATIONS. - Hop (lathering- A Jolly Scene 
in a German Household, 41. Perspective View of the 
Three quarter Lanjrstroth Hive; Sectional Views of Mm 
Hive; The Honey Hack for Comb Jloncv Sections A 
Tin Comb Holder, 49. 

ENTOMOLOGICAL.-Tlic Army Worm; The He*- 
sian Flv; Mori n£ Cicada Larva-. 48. 

CORRESPONDENCE. Notes on French Agricul- 
ture. 42 

THE DAIRY. -II.. Mien Record! Ascain; Eel Kiver 
Dairy Farms: The Centrifugal in the .Milk I lain, 42. 

THE STOCK YARD. Pain Value of the Guernsey 
Cross -In.l'.-in- rali.-s. 4:3. 

THE LUMBERMAN.- Humboldt Qoa.lt] Red- 
wood; Monopolizing Black Walnut Timber: Teak 
Wood Qiriag Out; Clear Timber, 43. 

THE STABLE.-Prcvalcncc of Blinder*; A Tail 
Kestrainer; Contraction of the Hoof, 43. 

PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY.- ulen ( oc < ali 
fornia Products and the World's Fairs; Fidelity and 
Cleanliness; Grange News, 44. 

AGRICULTURAL NOTES - From the various 
counties of California, 44-45. 

THE HOME CIRCLE. -Sunrise Among the Hills 
(Poetry); Our Homes; The Wonders of the Hmum Eye, 
46- Freezing the Guests: Preparing to be !>uin|i\; 
Burving Alive, 47. 

YOUNO FOLKS' COLUMN.— Puzzle Box; "As 
Thyself," 47. 

GOOD HEALTH. The Teeth of the Future; Tur- 
pentine in Infectious Diseases; Tobacco and the Pulse; 
A Hint for the Sick room, 47- 

DOMESTIC ECONOMY.— Cabbage Salad; Straw 
berry Pickle; Pickle for Tongues; Spanish Cream; Po- 
tato Soup; Peas French Fashion; Mint Vinegar. 
Whipped Cream (Plain); Italian Cream: Sour ( ream 
Cookies, 47. 

AGRICULTURAL ENGINEER. lnigation 
Laws, so. 

MISCELLANEOUS. - The Thrc -cpiaitcr Ling 
stroth Hive; Comb Holders; Worker Brood on Drone 
Comb, 49. Melting Out Beeswax; California Honev 
at the World's Frit; In Lake Cniintt : The June Rains 
50. 



Business Announcements. 

Agricultural Implements Baker k Hamilton, S. F. 
Farm Machine oil Charles .1. Woodbury, S. F. 
Myrobolan Nursery .las. O'Neill, Haywards. CM. 
Windmills Ceo. W. llcrr. Sacramento, Cal. 
Sheep Shears— Henry Seymour Cutlery' Co., Bolyoke 
Washing Mac hines- E. W. Melvin, Sacramento, Cal. 
Fruit Lands— Easton & Kldridge, S. F. 
.Mechanics' Fair — I. H. Culver, Sec'y, S. F. 
I mil .lars s. F. aid Pac ilic Glass Work-, S. F. 
P.ic-ihc Incubators Geo B. Bayley, Oakland, Cal. 
W See Advertising Column*. 



Tlie Week. 

The week lias been rather uneventful. The 
days have been delightful along the coast, 
rather warm in the interior, but everywhere 
bright, and steadily turned to harvest uses. 
< Irain is moving more freely from the field to 
warehouse and wharf, although, of course, it is 
as yet but the beginning of the movement. 
Fruit gathering is progressing; the driers 
are at work, and it is none too soon, 
tor already the cords of baskets to be 
seen along the sidewalks, indicate that the eat- 
ing capacity of the city is being taxed, We 
canners arc still moving with much caution. 
They do not like the excess of material which 
it seems was produced last year. Most enter- 
prises have reactions, but the demand will soon 
i|iiicken the canning interest if packers will give 
the people an honest article. If they have 
less business this year they may have time for 
reflection on the subject, and the season will not 
be wasted, 



The Financial Situation. 

It is a time of apprehension and uncertainty 
in money centers. This could hardly fail to be 
the disposition after the grievous upheavals 
and generally treacherous character of the 
financial territory in New York City. What 
were regarded as colossal fortunes have faded 
away, or have been contracted to very narrow 
limits, and while this has been going on those 
who have money have held on to it with a 
death like grasp, as though the metal might 
melt and run through their fingers. While 
this has been the state of affairs for months and 
still continues, but with reduced severity, it is 
fortunate to l>e assured that the danger is con- 
fined to those styles of property, which, by their 
unwarranted expansion and general fictitious 
character, invited collapse. 

We had an interesting conversation the other 
day with Mr. KUwood Cooper, of Santa Bar- 
bara, who has just returned from a business 
visit of several weeks' duration to the Kastern 
cities. Mr. Cooper, as is generally known, was 
largely engaged in business at the Kast before 
he sought recreation and a new tield for enter 
prise on his tine estate iu Santa Barbara. As 
a war horse never forgets the bugle call, so a 
man once a leader in business never overlooks 
the signs of the times when he again comes into 
the commercial arena. We are glad, therefore, 
to be assured by Mr. Cooper that his observa- 
tion at the Kast led him to conclude that the 
ill condition was almost, if not wholly, con- 
fined to the purely speculative styles of busi- 
ness, such as are represented in the securities 
which comprise the merchandise of Wall street, 
and that the productive and commercial inter- 
ests at the Kast were really in a sound and sat- 
isfactory condition. This view of Mr. Cooper, 
gained from personal observation and ini|tiiry. 
is confirmed by the news which is arriving 
through other channels. Of the country at 
large, the semi-annual review of K. ©, Dun ft 
Co. has this to sav I 

Taking it altogether, the first half of 1884 
has been a period of greater strain upon the 
commercial fabric of the country than almost 
any preceding six months iu the history. In 
the past there have been periods when, for a 
brief space, the suddenness and intensity of 
disasters have tested the strength of financial 
concerns. Hut it has rarely been the ill-for- 
tune of the commercial community to have so 
steady a strain extend over a period so long, 
during which events of such startling magni- 
tude have occurred, accompanied by a depre- 
preciation in values and a disapiiearance of 
wealth so sudden and irrevocable. Keviewing 
the six months from a purely financial point of 
view, as exemplified by the operations on Wall 
street and their possible effects outside, the 
disasters which have occurred to legitimate 
commercial enterprises have l>een surprisingly 
few. It is true that prominent financiers, 
great promoters, and men in high positions 
have been forced to succumb; it is equally 
true that the shrinkage in the wealth of many 
rich men has been very great. But it is a 
fact that to a great extent the disasters of the 
year have been confined to the wealthy class, 
and with but little interference with legiti- 
mate traders in moderate circumstances. The 
panic which we have passed through has been 
well described as "the rich man's panic." 

The injurious effects of recent events to 
commerce will be materially lessened by the 
possibilities contained in the promise of the 
growing crops, and the hopes entertained that 
a year of great production will be vouchsafed 
to us. There is as much money in the land as 
there was sixteen months ago. The troubles 
have been much confined in narrow limits, as 
compared with the wide ratio of success possi- 
8ible to those who pursue the legitimate paths 
of enterprise and industry so plainly marked as 
available in this vast country. No wide-spread 
desolation has swept over us, and there is 
more to be hoped for from a year's progress 
and natural growth, supplemented by enor- 
mous immigration, and the full use of trans- 
portatiov and facilities of communication, than 
is to be feared from anything that has yet oc- 
curred. The trade of the country has not been 
materially interfered with; the internal in- 
debtedness of merchants is not excessive: and 
the ability to absorb and pay for goods, the 
basis of all legitimate trade, was never greater 
than now. 

It is likely that the general business of the 
last hall of the year may be somewhat slack- 
ened by the excitement of a national political 
contest. The disposition generally is to wait 
while such great issues are pending 
and afterward make up for the idleness 
by a greater activity. It is probable that 
the speculation markets will be very slack, for 
the experience just had will make people dis- 
trust the paper property of the street. There 
will be no ultimate harm from this. In fact, it 
is an advantage to have something occasionally 



w hich w ill act as a check upon Lhe disposition 
of the people for speculation. 

California is not much affected by the Kastern 
reverses. Her capital is not to any extent in- 
vested in the properties which have wrought 
such havoc with Kastern fortunes. It is quiet, 
and money is a little tight, but such things arc 
incident to this season of the year. < rops are 
now being harvested, and growers can soon 
realize advances which will prepare them for 
purchases which have been delayed until the 
harvest money came to hand. It looks as 
though it would be a year of moderate prices 
for the great staples, and so it will lie well to 
be circumspect about expenditures. The great 
amount of grain, fruit, wool, wine, etc., will 
however bring a good deal of money to the 
State, and a fair amount of comforts and hap 
piness may be expected for all. 



The Fairs of 1884. 

The fair season is again at hand. Kxeellent 
preparations are being made at the different 
points, and it seems fair to expect an unusually 
tine series of exhibitions. 

The State Kair will be held this year for the 
first time in the grand pavilion which was 
erected last year, and which was paid for in 
part by State appropriation and in part by the 
liberality of the citizens of Sacramento. There 
seems to be a more general disposition to show 
at the State Kair this year than usual. The 
Director! have show n rather a better appiecia 
tion of the true producing interests of the State, 
and perhaps if there should be given a rousing 
good show of all kinds of farm products, the 
wisdom of making the fairs more thoroughly 
agricultural would become apparent. Let all 
who have something good send to K. K. Smith, 
Secretary, at Sacramento, for the premium list 
and rules for exhibitions, and then do what 
they can to help till the beautiful building with 
a display which will l>e true to the greatness 
and resources of the State. As we have fre- 
quently noticed, the county exhibits from sev- 
eral counties will be large and varied, and will 
in themselves be worth a journey across a State 
to examine. 

The other fairs in the several counties and 
districts are worthy of local attention, and if 
the district does itself justice interesting mate- 
rial enough will come forward to equip a State 
fair in almost any other State in the L'nion 
We have prepared a schedule of the fairs to be 
held in this State this year. The list is not 
complete and if the officers of any fair which 
is omitted will send us the data we w ill com- 
plete and re publish the table from time to 
time until the fairs occur. 

Bay District Association fair, fall meeting, San 
Francisco, August 2d to 9th. 

Mechanics' Institute fair, San Francisco, August 
5th to Sept e mber 13th. 

Santa Cruz County Agricultural Fair Association, 
Santa Cruz, August 12th to 16th. 

Sonoma County Agricultural Park Association 
fair, Santa Rcsa. August 1 8th to 23d. 

Sonoma and Marin Agricultural Association fair, 
I'etalunia, August 26th to 30th. 

Kl Dorado District Agricultural Association fair. 
Pl.icerville, August 261I1 to 291I1. 

Marysville District fair, Marysville. August 26th 
to 30th. 

( iolden (ialc Agricultural and Mechanical Fair 
Association, Oakland, September 1st to 6th. 

Third District Agricultural Association fair, fhico, 
Cal., September 2d to 6th. 

California Stale fair, Sacramento. Srpiembc 8th 
to 20th. 

San foaquin Valley District fair, at Stockton, 
September 23d to 27th. 

Twelfth District Agricultural Association fair, at 
I-akeporl, Cal., September 23d to 26th. 

San Mateo and Santa Clara District Agricultural 
Association fair, San Jose, September 29th to 
October 4th. 

Fresno Agricultural fair, Fresno, October 7th 
to nth. 

Southern California District fair, l.os Angeles, 
October 13th to i8th. 

Pacific Coast Klood-Horse Association, fall meet- 
ings, November 8th to 15th. 

Skckktakv Kkklinchcvskn has instructed 
by cable the Consular officers at London, Liver- 
pool, Marseilles. Havre, Bordeaux, Bremen and 
Hamburg to at once appoint competent physi- 
cians to iuspect all vessels and passengers de- 
parting for the United States from ports men- 
tioned. 

Thk Sacramento /See says: " Krom all that 
can be learned, Mr. Haggin's experiment in im- 
porting colored laborers from the South to work 
in his hop yards and cotton fields in Kern county 
has proved successful. 

Several of the settlers on the Moi|uelemos 
Grunt, whese crops were recently attached, are 
engaged in harvesting for the Sheriff. Korty 
soldiers are put on guard during the night to 
prevent fires. 



QnTOj>10LOGI(3ALo. 
The Army Worm. 

F.DTTOB8 I'RF.ss: — The army worm is destroying 
our vineyards, and we would like to know, through 
the columns of your valuable paper, ihe Ki.kai 
PRESS, if vou know of a remedy. —J. A. I'.t.l.lnTI , 

Xew Castle 

When the army worms have taken posses- 
sion of a vineyard or orchard, Mr. < ooke recom- 
mends spraying with the soap solution, of one 
pound to oue gal on of water, to .which add one 
pound of buhach; it will effectually destroy 
them. Ky placing bands of heavy paper at or 
near the ground, and paint with coal tar mixed 
with 3 little of castor oil, it will prevent cater- 
pillars from climbing the tree, so loug as it is 
kept moist, t 'are should be taken that the 
tar does not get on the bark of the tree. 

It is easier to keep an army from entering an 
enclosure than it is to fight them when they are 
in. The caterpillars may be stopped entering a 
field by ditching: the side of the ditch next the 
field to be protected should be sloped under to 
prevent the worms from climbing up. The 
ditch should be about twelve inches wide and 
the same in depth. Kvery twelve feet there 
should be a few spadefuls taken from the bottom 
of the ditch, making a hole in which the 
worms would gather. In the^liteh they may be 
killed by placing stra w in it and burning, or by 
spraying with coal ml ; however, many plans 
can be de iscil for killing them when i t the 
ditch. 

Perhaps an easier plan than excavating a 
ditch, is that used by N. Wyckoff, of N olo 
comity. Instead of digging a ditch he merely 
loosens the earth, pu ve. izing it as fine as pos- 
sible. He then throws it into a small levee, 
sav fifteen inches high, reserving fine dirt for 
the finish, which is carefully heaped up on the 
sides, from which the worms are to approac h. 
When the insects attempt to crawl up this em- 
bankment the eaith rolls down and so does the 
worm. At every ten or twelve feet is dug a 
round hole, say two feet deep. Failing to sur 
mount the embankment tiie worms travel along 
the bottom and tumble into the hole, where 
they can easily be destroyed. In nm 1 of thes«- 
holes. which were shown to a reporter of the 
Woodland Mail, there were probably as many 
as 1,000 worms, which were perfectly tm- 
prisoned, notwithstanding Mr. Wyckoff had 
in the morning gone around and destroyed 
those which had accumulated during the night. 
This plan seems to be far better than the ditch, 
as the worms can easily crawl up a hard bank, 
:'o matter how steep it is. 

The Hessian Fly. 
Matthew Cooke recommends that all fields of 
grain attacked by the Hessian lly, as soon as 
thrashed, every vestige of stubble and straw in 
the surrounding country be burned, and the 
roots of the grain plowed under so as to ef- 
fectually destroy the pests, as they hibernate in 
the stubble and straw. Mr. Cooke says: "This 
I consider a very serious matter for the wheat 
growers of Sonoma county, and every effort 
should be made to prevent the spread of this 
pest, or it will destroy the wheat crops of the 
county." 

Boring Cicada Larvae. 
The Oroville Mercury has this about what 
are ordinarily considered harmless insects: 
Ceo. B. Springer, our enterprising fruit dealer, 
showed us this norning a two year old apri- 
cot tree, which is one of an orchard of 400 of 
the same age, which has been killed during the 
past few weeks by locusts. The insects bored 
into the tree just above the ground and seemed 
to poison it, and the tree wilted and died iu 
cousequence. A gummy substance issued from 
the bore. 

Bek-Kkki ik- Association. — Tiiere is no ag- 
ricultural specialty which derives more benefit 
from meetings than the apiary. The practice 
of bee-keeping involves so many peculiar con- 
ditions aud employs such peculiar agencies that 
comparison of views ami experiences among 
those engaged in the honey industry is the chief 
means by which rapid and general progress can 
be attained. We are well acquainted, from per- 
sonal attendance, with the benefit derived by 
eastern l>ee- keepers from the associations and 
discussions and we can cordially recommend all 
similar movements undertaken by the honey 
interest in this State. It is, therefore, with 
pleasure that we learn that a meeting of the 
bee-keepers residing in Tulare county was held 
at Hanford dune 23d, primary to the organiza- 
tion of a bee-keepers society, at which it was 
lecided to hold a first annual convention at 
Heinlen'8 Hall, Hanford. on Monday duly "JS, 
at one o'clock r. M., at which time a Constitu- 
tion and By laws M ill be adopted and officers 
elected, and questions discussed pertaining to 
that industry. All who have apiaries are re 
requested to attend, and we trust they will do 

80. 

Thk patent for the four leagues of land com- 
prising the pueblo of San Francisco has been 
filed with the Recorder. It is thirty two years 
since the claim was presented to the Land 
Commission. 



Joly 19, 1884.] 



PA6IFI6 i^urad press. 



49 



The Three-quarter LaDgstroth Hive. 

IWritten for Ri ral 1'rks* bv W. M i tii-Rasmi B6EB. | 
When I first gave a description of this hive, I 
had no idea that it was going to become a favor 
ite among bee-keepers, remembering that the old 
adage, " Many men of many minds," was ap 
plicable to bee keepers as well as to others, 
the first description was but partial, and per 
haps not quite intelligible to those who are not 
acquainted with the other style of hive men 
tioned in the article, I will here give complete 
dimensions and directions for putting the hive 
together, so that any one can make it or have 
it made in his own immediate neighborhood 

It will be understood that when no thickness 
of boards is given it should be seven-eighths of 
an inch. For the frames I prefer pine to red 
wood, as it is not so easily bored by moth 
worms. 

Fig. 1 gives a perspective view of the hive. 
Fig. 2 is the frame, which is the principal 
part of any hive, and to which all the other 
parts should conform. 

Material for Frame. 
Top bar, i!xixl5.j in. ; bottom bar, ffx|xl34 
in.; side pieces, gx£8i in. 

Soak the sticks in water before nailing, to 
prevent splitting; nail side pieces between top 
and bottom bars; use 1] in. fiuishin^ nails, and 
put 2 nails in each corner. Use 10 frames in 
the lower hive, 9 or 10 in the cap. 

Fig. 3 represents a gauge-block to hold the 
different parts of the frame, while nailing it 
together. The spring may be made of a piece 
of hoop-iron. The lower ends of the spring are 
connected by a strip of soft leather. Two head- 
less nails, driven partly into the board above 
the cleats, gauge the ends of the top bar equi- 
distant from the side pieces. 

For putting the comb guide or comb founda- 
tion into the frame, cut a one-inch board, so 
that it will tit loosely inside the frame. Tack a 
small strip of wood to the two opposite edges of 
the board, so that when the frame rests on 
these strips, and a sheet of comb foundation is 
laid on the board, the foundation will be just 
in the center of the frame. Moisten the sur- 
face and edge of the board next to the top bar 
of the frame; lay on the foundation so that the 
edge of it will touch the top bar; hold the board 
in such a position that the foundation and the 
top bar will form a V-shaped trough, slightly 
inclined to one end, and pour a little melted 
wax, with a spoon, at the upper end of the 
(rough. When the wax reaches the lower end, 
raise this and let the wax run back, continuing 
thus until the wax stops Mowing. Then raise 
the board with the frame on to a perpendicular 
position, top bar up, and take the frame off. 
Putting on the fJomo Guide. 
If no comb-foundation is used, simply pour 
the wax on the board, remembering to moisten 
this every time a new frame is put on. The 
wax will form a thin knife-edge, which sticks 
to the under side of the top bar, but slips off 
from the moist board as soon as it cools. Be 
sure in all cases to have the hive perfectly level 
crosswise of the frames, that the lower edge of 
the combs may strike the bottom bars of the 
frames without deviating to either side. 

Fig. 4 is a front view, and Fig. o a side view 
of the hive. The lower hive, cap or second 
story and the cover are slightly separated, in 
order to show more distinctly in the drawings. 
Material for Hive. 
Bottom hive — two end pieces, 10'xl6 in. 
(16! i"-); two side pieces, 9§xlo in.; two cleats, 
2x16;; in. (17 in.). Bottom board, 10x16:; in. (16jx 
17 in.). Door-step — 2 in. wide, 1 1 in. long, ends 
sawed off, bevelling to (I in. long in front. 
Entrance block — £x£x6 in. Division board — Si 
xl4J in., with a cleat, gxj: iol in. (16 J in.) 
nailed to the upper edge. Entrance cut in one 
of the end pieces, | in. high and 6 in. long. 

The hive rests on four small blocks or bricks, 
or on a low frame of the same si;;e as the bottom 
of the hive. 

Use 8-penny nails, and put 4 in each corner 
of the hive. Nail cleats on with one S-penny nail 
in each end, going into end pieces of hive, and 
one 6-penny nail in middle, going into side of hive 
and clinched on the inside. 

The cleats, in connection with the upper edge 
of the side pieces, form the rabbets, on which 
the frames hang. This arrangement is much 
preferable to having the rabbets cut in the sides 
of the hive, as the thin edge of the rabbet al- 
ways warps and splits off in course of time. 



Besides, the bee-space left between .he ends of 
the top-bars and the cleats will not be rilled 
with propolis, and leaves no hiding place for 
mothworms. The cleats also form convenient 
handles by which to lift the hive. The bottom 
biard is made of 2 pieces, matched together and 
nailed to the side, and end pieces. 



entrance with four tinned tacks. V similar 
number is tacked on the back side of the hive. 
A piece of burlap covers the frames and is seen 
hanging down under one side of the cover in 
Fig. |. 

Second Story or Cap. 
Ends— !t;xl6 in. (16.{ in). Sides— 9x15 in. 




PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF THE THREE-QUARTER LANGS TROTH HIVE. 





ET 




D 



Mi 



Hi 



TTTrT. 



SECTIONAL VIEWS OF THE HIVE. 




THE HONEY RACK FOR 

The door-step is nailed to the bottom board, 
just under the entrance, by two li or S-penny 
nails, going through the bevelled ends. The 
entrance-block is left out entirely during the 
summer, except when the hive contains a small 
or weak colony, or in case of robbing. 

Each hive has its number painted on a piece 
of tin, painted white, and fastened over the 



COMB HONEY SECTIONS. 

(17 in 



Lower cleats 



Upper cleats- 2x1 (i; in 
— 1x16; in. (17 in.). 

The lower cleats are nailed flush with the 
bottom edge of the sides, tad cover the cleats 
of the lower hive. 

If one- inch lumber is used instead of seven- 
eighths inch, the figures in parenthesis should 
be taken as measures. 



In Fig. 5, the vertical, dotted lines show 
joint between side and end pieces. The h 
zontal dotted lines indicate the upper edge ot 
the side pieces, on which the frames hang. 
Cover. 

Twenty by twenty inches, made of 5 pieces 
sawed 4 4-12x20 in., and matched together. 

Cleats — 2x20 in., nailed under ends of cover. 
1$ in. stuff is better for the cleats than £ or 1 
in. stuff. If used, the cover should be made a 
little longer, to go on easily. 

Honey Rack. 

As I raise but a small amount of comb honey, 
I use wide frames for holding the sections, but 
if I were more extensively engaged in that 
branch of the business I should use a honey 
rack , as shown in Fig. 6, where the dimensions 
are given. This is essentially the honey rack 
advertised and illustrated for years in the 
American Bee Journal) only changed to fit my 
hive. The sections can be glassed at each end 
of the row, and wedged up close together from 
one end of each row, where the one-quarter 
inch space is left for that purpose. Strips of tiu 
should be nailed to the under side of the par- 
titions and project far enough on each side to 
support the sections. Three or four 5-16 inch 
strips laid on the lower frames in the direction 
they run support the honey rack and raise it 
bee space above the frames. 

If the under side of the section is soiled by 
the bees, it can be covered with a label, and by 
turning that side of the section up it will leave 
the comb standing on its firmest attachment, 
which is always at the top, where it was first 
commenced by the bees. 

Independence, Gal. 



Comb Holders. 



To successfully manipulate the frames of a 
bee hive it is necessary to remove at least one 
of the frames > entirely from the hive. When 
this is done the common way with most bee 
keepeis is to stand it on the ground with the 
upper end leaning against the hive. By follow- 




COMB HOLDER. 



ing this practice many a valuable bee's life is 
ruthlessly sacrificed. To obviate this careless 
practice, several simple devices have been in- 
vented, one of which is herewith shown. It is 
made of folded tin and is to be hooked over the 
edge of the hive. When the first frame is 
lifted out it is to be hung on the two projecting 
arms. Any tinner can, for a few bits make 
this device, and every bee keeper should have 
one of them or some other style equally as 
serviceable. 



Worker Brood on Drone Comb. 

Editors Press-. — It is not an uncommon 
thing to see drone brood on worker comb — 
somewhat elongated to be sure — but whoever 
saw worker brood in drone comb ? The facts 
are these: A new swarm with a fertile queen, were 
put into a clean hive furnished with nine frames 
containing. foundation, and one frame of worker 
comb, with a small patch of drone comb in it 
as is often the case. 

On examining the hive after three or four 
weeks- -more or less, I do not know the exact 
time — the frame of old comb was taken out, 
and the drone cells, as well as a large portion of 
the worker cells were filled with worker brood 
just cutting out. It was perfect worker broods, 
identical with that in the worker cells. The 
caps were not convex like the cap to a drone 
cell, but flat or slightly concave. 

This knocks the bottom out of some of the 
long-accepted theories regarding the sex of the 
bee — "That the si/e of the cell determines the 
sex of the bee;" or, according to authority 
quoted by l.angstroth, that "When the queen 
deposits her eggs in the worker cells, her body 
is slightly compressed by their size, thus caus- 
ing her eggs as they pass the seminal sac to re- 
ceive its.vivifying influence." 

( )n the contrary, when she i:; laying in drone 
cells, as this compression cannot take place, the 
mouth of the sac is kept closed, and the eggs 
are necessarily unfecundated. 

I should like to have Prof. Cook and some of 
the many close observers of our little pets give 



50 



PA6IFI6 RURAL PRESS. 



July 19, 1884 



their opinions or theories on the subieet. The 
hives are full of honey and we wait ouly on the 

sun. p( 
Santa Paul". VenturaCo. 



Melting Out Beeswax. 

Ki'lToK.s Press : I will not say who of our 
family can make the most muss « hile melting 
out wax, but even the worst one cannot make 
much muss my way of melting: but by the 
l>oiling out process there is too much chance 
for it. I have tried both ways, and know of 
-what I say. I take the pieces of comb, press 
them together in as small a compass as possible 
■without too much trouble; then put it into the 
iarge dripper that fills the oven, or in two small 
ones if preferred. Make up a good fire and put 
the pans in the oven. In a very short time it 
w ill be all melted. Then I have A dish ready, 
also a hoop covered with house lining, and pour 
the melted comb into the dish through the 
cloth. Then I till up my pan, set it back into 
the oven, and take up my impromptu strainer, 
from which all the wax will have dropped by 
this time, and empty the refuse into the stove 
to make fire for melting out more wax. The 
wax in that way is pure and clean, and m.tch 
whiter than when boiled, because the water 
takes out the dirt and coloring matter in the 
comb and mixes it with the wax; and I can do 
it much faster and with much less wood, which 
is quite an item in some places. Try it and see 
if it is not the best way. Mrs. H. 

Lou Alamo*, Cut. 

California Honey at the World's Fair. 

To the Bee K eepers mho with to mmh an Ex- 
hibit at lA( World'x F»ir .—The District Bee 
Keepers' Association of Southern California in- 
tend to send an exhibit to the World's Kair to 
be held at New Orleans from December I, 1884, 
to June 7, 1885. The collection will be taken 
from the display made at the District Pair held 
in Los Angeles this fall. I have made arrange- 
ments with the Chief of Installation to make 
an exhibit of the honey industry of California, 
and I would ask all bee keepers who would 
like to help in making a display of our industry 
to send to my address at Kl Monte, by freight 
or express, whatever they have that would 
help out the exhibit. I will see that the mate- 
rial is taken proper care of, and at the proper 
time sent to New Orleans. All comb honey 
snould be sent in crates, and extracted honey 
in tin cans, accompanied by suitable glass bot- 
tles or jars in which to exhibit it. I nope that 
all will take an interest in the matter, so tiiat 
we may make a display that will be a credit to 
the apiarists of the Pacific coast. 

Dwrle, Lou Angelex Co. W. W. Buss. 

Bee Keepers' Convention HanD-Boox. — By 
the editor of the A merit an Bee Journal, Thos. 
G. Newman, !)2"> West Madison St., Chicago, 
111. Fifty cents. A copy of the above hand- 
book has been sent us by Mr. Newman, and we 
tind it to be a nice pocket companion for bee- 
keepers. It is beautifully printed (as are all of 
Newman's publications), on toned paper, and 
bound in extra cloth. It contains a copy of a 
model "constitution and by-laws" for the 
formation of societies fur bee-keepers; a simpli- 
fied manual of parliamentary law and rules of 
order for the guidance of officers as well as 
members, a blank form for making statistical 
reports, a programme of questions for discussion 
at such meetings; model premium lists for fairs, 
which may be contracted or enlarged, and then 
recommended to the managers of adjacent 
county or district fairs; 32 blank leaves for jot- 
ting down interesting facts, etc. It is suitable 
■for any locality, and as there are several bee- 
keepers' societies in California, and likely more 
to be established, we think every member of 
such societies should have one of these handy 
little volumes. 



Commended,— The last issue of Jfenhh Col- 

i'-ye Journal contains a list of the graduates of 
the institution which it commends "as worthy 
of the favorable consideration and confidence of 
all with whom they may be thrown in contact. 
Many are deserving of honorable mention, 
■while all have received as well as merited the 
honors and privileges conferred by a diploma 
from our institution.'' The list contains about 
*'0 young men and women and no doubt this 
mention made of them will aid them in obtain- 
ing situations for which they may apply. 



Grain Statistics.— Mr. Albert Montpellier 
"nas just issued another of his invaluable com- 
pilations, a handsome sheet printed in three 
colors, by means of which he is enabled to 
Uiow in one table, and still distinctly, the av- 
erage quotations for good shipping wheat in 
this market for the last twelve years; also ocean 
"height rates and prices of wheat bags for the 
.same period. Mr. Montpellier spares no pains 
to serve the producing interest, and his work is 
wide}? appreciated. 



Taper labels may be removed from bottles 
by wetting the surface, and holding for an in- 
stant over any convenient flame. The steam 
penetrates the label at once, and softens the 
paste. 



J0C @ r\\ © U b T U RJk Is G( N G I JM E E R 

Irrigation Laws. 

The proceedings of the State Irrigation ( Ou- 
vention, held last May, at Riverside, have been 
published in a neat pamphlet, by the Preme. mitt 
Horticulturist, of Hiverside, and can be bad for 
twenty-five cents per copy. In continuing our 
quotations from the proceedings, we give a por- 
tion of the discussion on irrigation laws, as fol- 
lows: I 

Address by Mr. Evans 

Mr. S. C. Kvaas, of Riverside, took the floor 
at this point, anil, referring to a remark by the 
chair, that diversity of opinion was to be 
expected, said that Mr. Roe • had spoken upon 
one phase of the subject and that he would un- 
dertake to represent the other side of the ques- 
tion 1 . Me continued : 

Irrigation being essential to the prosperity of 
Southern California, it is the question of para 
mount importance, hence the necessity of wise 
and just laws for the control and management 
of the same. 

The main points to be permanently settled 
are, first, the appropriation of water: second, 
the division of water where the same head sup 
plies more than one plant or section; third, the 
proper distribution of water to the consumers; 
fourth, the appropriate compensation for dis- 
tribution. 

First, as to appropriation Although the 
question as between riparian rights and the 
laws of California controlling appropriation of 
water may not be considered as judiciously 
settled, yet it is claimed by many of our most 
eminent legal authorities (S. M. Wilson, and 
othersi that there is an established common law 
of this State, by custom of appropriation, that 
supersedes the Knglish common law of riparian 
rights. 

It must be evident to all that the Knglish 
common law, if strictly construed, would be 
impracticable and fatal to irrigation. Our laws, 
however, should be made more explicit and 
positive asto.the rights and duties of appropria- 
tors of water, and also of those using from 
them. 

Second, as to the d ivision of water between 
appropriators. A judicious tribunal, perhaps 
the board of supervisors, should be authorized 
to determine the area that can be irrigated by 
each head or supply, and thus formally establish 
an irrigating district entitled to a certain quan- 
tity of water. 

The distribution of water is the most perplex- 
ing and intricate question to be solved. When 
soils and conditions, as well as opinions vary so 
greatly, as to the amount of water necessary 
per acre, it would seem to be the most judicious 
plan to leave this also to the board of supervis- 
ors, who, after hearing all the evidence as to 
the various soils and necessitiesof the irrigators, 
should establish the minimum amount for each 
consumer, and also the point and manner of 
delivery. Of course when contracts have al- 
ready been entered into, as to the amount 
of water to be supplied to each acre, and 
the months of delivery, there would be uo 
necessity for any action upon the part of 
the Board of Supervisors, as above suggested. 

Fourth, in regard to compensation for the 
distribution of water, it must be evident that 
one of two lines of policy must be established 
by law, and it is for the people to determine 
which they will have. Thus far the systems of 
irrigation put in operation have been compara- 
tively inexpensive, the water being taken from 
flowing streams in open ditches or pipes. To 
extend the area of irrigation largely in many 
portions of Southern California, immense and 
expensive stone reservoirs will have to be con- 
structed and costly pumping woiks erected, 
which will require a great annual outlay to 
maintain and operate. To enlist the capital re- 
quired to make these improvements, as before 
stated, two lines of policy are open to you, viz : 

First, induce the building of storage reser- 
voirs, pumping works and irrigating canals 
as a legitimate business enterprise, and 
permit a fair rate of interest upon the cost 
of structures over current expenses and 
contingencies to be made from charges for 
sale of water. This I think the most favora- 
ble for the land owner, as he can better afford 
to pay such a rate for water, and be entirely 
free from the worry necessarily connected with 
the management of such an enterprise, if he 
was a stockholder in it. 

Second, the other line of policy is, not to al- 
low a fair remuneration for such an investment 
as a business, but to compel the investor to look 
for his reimbursemont only in the enhancement 
of the value of his land by irrigation. This 
makes the investors in canals, etc., veritable 
land-grabbers and speculators, and obliges the 
poorer land owner either to sell at a nominal 
price or remain an owner of dry land. 

This is certainly not the policy that should 
be adopted for the best interest of the State, as 
only such projects as promise a net reward by 
the sale of the land will be undertaken. But 
unfortunately this is the policy that has been 
inaugurated under t*e new constitution, and 
hence we have no important enterprise for the 
supply of water for irrigation separate and 
apart from a land speculation. The law that 
practically gives the water cousumer the right 
to fix his own price for the use of it, has not the 
semblance of justice, and will be a complete 



estoppel to all legitimate irrigation protects un- 
til amended or repealed. 

Remarks by Abbot Kinney. 
The following remarks of Abbot Kinney of 
San i iabriel were reported by the stenographer 
of the frftwtiMe Pre**'. In discussing the pro- 
priety of legislative action with a view to regu- 
late the appropriation, use and right- to water, 
it seems to me important to obtain at least a 
general view of the actual present condition of 
the question as nearly as can be ascertained in 
the complex condition we now find ourselves. 

It has been suggested by some that riparian 
rights should be legislated out of existence. I 
think they do this without due consideration. 
It may be that no riparian rights do exist. It 
is to ba hoped at any rate that the Supreme 
Court of our State will hold that there are no 
such rights, which will prevent the develop- 
ment of our State, which development depends 
for its continuance on the withdrawal of water 
from its streams. 

Numerous decisions of that court point in 
this direction. Cnfortunately I can quote from 
only one here now. The case is that of ( randall 
vs. Wood, 8 Cal., 141, "The rule is well settled 
that water flows in its natural channels, and 
should be permitted thus to flow so that all 
through whose lands it passes may enjoy the 
privilege of nsiug it. A riparian proprietor, 
while he has the undoubted right to use the 
water flowing over his land, must so use it as 
to do the least possible harm to other riparian 
proprietors. 

"The uses to which water may be appropria- 
ted are, 1st, to supply natural wants, such as 
to quench thirst, to water cattle, for household 
or culinary purposes, and in some countries for 
the purposes of irrigition." 

In this case, the court upholding riparian 
rights, distinctly adds irrigation as a reasonable 
use of a stream, and thus at least protects a per 
son holding laud on a stream in using the water 
for irrigation. 

If. however, riparian rights do exist : if there 
is property in streams other thaa those ob- 
tained by appropriation, as now understood by 
that word; then, and in case such property 
should be found to exist, 1 think the Legislature 
could not make a law taking away such prop- 
erty without compensation. 

The 14th amendment of the Constitution of 
the United States guarantees all persona in 
their property unless deprived of it by due 
process of law. 

Any State law in conflict with the Federal 
Constitution would be worse than useless. The 
litigation and confusion following such a law 
could only end in its destruction. 

Should it be found that there are rights and 
properties in streams which block the develop 
ment of the country, then we must have a 
remedy. The only just, and 1 will say more, 
the only practical remedy is to proceed through 
the door the State Constitution has left open 
by declaring the appropriation of water a pub- 
lic use, and condemn, appraise and pay for 
such blockading property in the same way that 
would be necessary to obtain right of way for 
a railroad through property of non-consenting 
owners. Any attempt to legislate away prop- 
erty without compensation is a step in the 
direction of communism. No matter how 
plausible such action may be made to appear, it 
should always be resisted. 

Krror walks abroad in the guise of Truth. 
Should the mask fall she would be mobbed in 
the streets. Principles are the only foundation 
for action. Security of property, security of 
man in the results of his labor, which is his 
property this is the principle which under- 
lies the prosperity and progress of communities 
under the common law. It is this security 
which has made the United States so great; and 
at the other extreme of insecurity, has left 
Africa, a naturally rich continent Mid easy of 
access, in a night of potent babarism. No 
man will work without force unless he can ob- 
tain and retain the results of such work. 
These results are property. The right to 
property is therefore sacred and inviolable, and 
must be so for the preservation of civilization. 

I came here, Mr. Chairman, rather opposed 
to legislation in reference to our irrigation 
rights in this State. Legislation often fails in 
its results, and rarely meets the requirements 
of the cases for which it was passed. The ap- 
plication of the principles of equity and justice 
by our courts to the varying and unforeseen 
events and conditions of life occurring from 
day to day, has met more difficult cases and 
proved of vastly greater benefit to us than any 
legislation ever passed since the Statute of 
Merton in the reign of Henry 11. There have 
been passed by the Knglish parliament over 
18,100 acts; of these some lli.OOO have been 
either partially or totally repealed. What a 
world of litigation and mistake does this repre- 
sent, and this through the action of certainly 
an intelligent and conservative legislative body. 
Still, upon better acquaintance with the neces- 
sities of other irrigation districts, particularly 
those in our central counties, 1 feel the neces- 
sity of some wise protective and regulative 
measures. 

California can not fulfill her destiny, she can 
not become the wealthiest as she is now the love- 
liest State in the Union, without the full use of 
all her waters and rivers for irrigation. If the 
law as it is to-day does not provide for or per- 
mit this, then laws which will do so must be 
made. 



As a ('ure for (Sore Throat a ml loughs. 

"/Ii-"/'iik BiwnaMaJ Troche*" have Wen thoroughly 
1 est e> I , ami maintain their refutation. 



In Lake County. 

Kihtors Press: - Starting with a merry party 
of city schoolma'ams, bent on enjoying a vaca 
tion tour, we boarded Captain Behr's yacht, to 
spend the day on and around the lake. Laud- 
ing at Sulphur Banks, we picked our steps to 
avoid the numerous snakes, while some diminu- 
tive boys attached to the company took the 
opposite course and picked their steps upon 
them. 

Soon we found ourselves in an Indian 
village during a festival celebration. Brilliant 
flags, mostly of red, devoid of white and blue, 
streamed from poles and the tops of wigwams, 
the same color being repeated by the cotton 
kerchiefs adorning the heads of women whose 
only other garment seemed to be a gown of the 
same material, made to touch the ground. 

Men and women were engaged in a game with 
balls, suggestive of La Crosse, but on closer 
view pronounced to be "shinny." Aside a 
group of men lounged or squatted on the ground, 
a cloth being spread between them on which 
they playtd poker. Some of the squaws held a 
papoose, bound h >ud and foot, and tucked into 
a sort af basket doing duty for a cradle. 

A glance within the interior of a Wigwam 
revealed a heterogeneous mixture of bunks, 
weapons, rude furniture, baskets and human- 
ity. The fire burned near the middle of the 
floor, and smoke followed uncertain courses 
where it could escape through openings here 
and there in the reed thatched roof of the cir- 
cular dwelling. Near the opening where we 
stood, an old man made a basket; in the dis 
tatice lay some dough and other doubtful cook- 
ery, while dirt, disorder and discomfort held 
undisputed sway. 

Proceeding further to the quicksilver mines 
of Parrott & Co., we were soon made conscious 
of large quantities of gas exuding from the 
ground; the slate colored earth enclosed red 
deposits of cinnabar, and many beautiful speci 
mens of ore and sulphur were carried off to 
swell collections. Visiting the works adjacent, 
we were kindly received by Mr. White, the 
superintendent. Many furnaces and flumes in 
extensive buildings are employed in transform 
ing the ore into the quicksilver of commerce 
The smoke emitted iB conducted a considerable 
distance from the workmen to avoid the danger 
of salivation. A track leads to a small wharf 
for convenience of shipping. 

The Fourth at MtdcUetown 

At Middlrtown, Lake Co., the 4th was cele- 
brated by a barbecue, in a field adjoining the 
town .-haded by oaks, and supporting the star 
spangled banner, a platform was erected. The 
proceedings opened with a short address, fol 
lowed by a prayer and singing of the hymn 
"America.'' After the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence was read, an oration was delivered, 
pointing to the past and present of the Union, 
rejoicing in being delivered from tyranny, and 
exhorting those at enmity to cultivate a more 
Christian spirit of peace, making the present a 
fitting occasion for consideration. Tables were 
bountifully supplied, and all invited to partake 
of dinner. In the evening a ball was held iu 
the town. 

Fruit. 

In Lake Co. there*is an incr -asing demand 
for land to be cultivated for vineyards and or- 
chards. Near Lower Lake then- is a colony of 
Knglish people who have taken up small farms 
tor that purpose, and are building homes there. 
The fruit crop is nearly a month late owing to 
the cold and rain in June. 

The maxim of no rule being without an excep- 
tion is verified in the fact that though the goose 
berry being indigenous to California, it is not 
often found here in as high perfection as else- 
where, or to equal in quality other fruits pro- 
duced in this country, a specimen of Knglish 
gooseberries has been shown grown at Ander- 
son's Springs, Lake Co., to fully equal any 
raised eke where. 1; . 

The June Rains. 

Statement from Each County Showing 
Amount of Loss in the Grain Crop. 

Some time since Kdwin M. Smith, Secretary 
of the State Agricultural Society, wrote to 
parties throughout the State, whom he thought 
were competent to judge, for an estimate of the 
loss to crops caused by the rains in the mouth 
of dune. He fuenishes the following for publi- 
cation: Below I furnish you a complete list of 
losses to hay aud grain crops, as returned from 
correspondents throughout the State. The 
losses are confined to expense in harvesting and 
in quantity, while the quality will exceed any 
year yet harvested. The average loss will be 
in hay 50 per cent., wheat 15] per cent, and 
barley 13 per cent. The average rainfall is I. 
!I4 inches. Crain heretofore cut with headers 
will now have to be raised by attaching a lifter, 
while in many instances where gram is un- 
usually rank it will have to be mowed, which 
fact will increase cost of thrashing: 

Alameda — kain, 2 inches; hay damaged, 50 per 
cent, by moldand decay; wheat, 15 per cent, lodged; 
barley, io per cent, lodged. 

Alpine— .50 of an inch; no damage. 

Amador — 1.60 inches; hay, 10, mold; grain, no 
damage. 

Butte -4 inches; hay, 60. mold and decay; wheat. 
25. lodged; barley, 30, discolored and shrunk. 
Calaveras — 3 inches; hay, 80. mildew, grain, no 

damage. 



Joly 19, 1884.1 



PAeiFie RURAL fRESS. 



Colusa — 2,50 inchi-s; hay, 50, mold and decay; 
wheat, 15, lodged; barley, 5, discolored. 

Contra Costa — 2.75 inches; hay, 75, mold and 
decay; wheat, 15, lodged; barley, 10, lodged. 

Del Norte — No data. 

\il Dorado— 2.32 inches; hay, 20, mildew; wheat, 
to, rust; barley. 10, mold. 

Fresno — 2.75 inches; hay, 33. mold and decay; 
wheat, 10, lodged; barley, 10, lodged. 

Humboldt — No damage. 

Inyo — No data. 

Kern — 2.50 inches; hay, 35. mildew; wheat, 10, 
lodged; barley, 10, lodged. 

I ake — No data. 

Lassen— 2 inches; no damage. 

Los Angeles — 1.60 inches; hay, 30, mildew ; wheat, 
aS, lodged; barley, 25, lodged. 

Marin — 1.70 inches; hay, 60, mold and decay; 
wheat, 15, lodged; barley, 10, lodged. 

, Mariposa — 1.50 inches; hav, 60, mold and decay; 
■wheat, 10, lodged; barley, 10, lodged. 

Mendocino — .76 of an inch; hay. 20, mildew; 
wheat, 5, lodged; barley, 5, lodged. 

Merced — 1.75 inches; hay, 50, mold and decay; 
wheat, 10, lodged; barley, 10, lodged. 

Modoc— No data. 

Mono — No damage. 

Monterey — 2.66 inches; hay, 60, mold and decay; 
wheat, offset; barley, 30, lodged and discolored. 

Napa — 2 inches; hay, 50, mold and decay; wheat, 
10, lodged; barley, 15, lodged. 

Nevada — Rain, no data; hay, 75, mold and decay; 
«r.iin, no damage. 

Placer — 1.50 inches; hay, 20, mold and decay; 
grain, no damage. 

Plumas — No data . 

Sacramento — 1.35 inches; hay, 20, mildew ; wheat 
and barley, no damage, offset. 

San Benito — 2.30 inches; hay, 50, mold and decay; 
wheat, 10, lodged; barley, 25, discolored and lodged. 

San Bernardino — 1.25 inches; hay, no data; wheat, 
75, rust; barley, no damage. 

San Diego — 1.50 inches; hay, 40, mildew ; wheat, 
-20. rust and lodged ; barley, to, lodged. 

San Joaquin— 2.48 inches; hay, 50, mold and 
decay; wheat, 25, rust and lodged; barley, 10, lodged. 

San Luis Obispo — 1.20 inches; hay, 60, mold and 
decay; wheat, 20, rust and lodged; barley, 25, lodged. 

San Mateo — 2.75 inches; hay, 25, mold and decay; 
wheat, 5, lodged; barley, 15, lodged. 

Santa Rarbara — 1.25 inches; hay, 75, mold and 
•decay; wheat, 25, rust and lodged; barley, 10, lodged. 

Santa Clara — 2 inches; hay, 66, mildew ; wheat, 
.25, rust and lodged; barrey, 10, lodged. 

Santa Cruz— 1.76 inches; hay, 25, mold and decay ; 
wheat, 7, lodged; barley, 7, lodged. 

Shasta — Rain, no data; hav, 75, mold and decay; 
wh'-at, 15, rust and lodged; barley, 15, discolored. 

Sierra — No damage. 

Siskiyou— No data. 

Solano — 1.75 inches; hay, 50, mold and decay; 
wheat, 20, lodged; barley, 10, lodged. 

Sonoma — 3 inches; hay, 80, mold and decay; 
wheat, s, rust and lodged; barley, 5, lodged. 

Stanislaus — 1 inch; hay, 40, mold and decay; 
wheat, 10, lodged; bailey, 5, lodged. 

Sutter- -1.30 inches; hay, 20, mold and decay; 
wheat, 8, lodged; barley, 15, lodged. 

Tehama — 2.50 inches; hay, 60, mold and decay; 
wheat, 25, lodged; barley, 20, lodged. 

Trinity —No damage. 

Tulare — 1.30 inches; hay, 10, bleached; wheat, 13, 
lodged; barley, 12, lodged. 

Tuolumne— 2 inches; hay, 50, mildew; wheat, 5, 
Eodged; barley, 5, lodged. 

Ventura — 1.65 inches; hay, 75, discolored and 
decayed; wheat, 5, lodged; barley, 10, lodged. 

Yolo — 1.51 inches; hay, 75, mold and decay; 
wheat, 15, rust and lodged; barley, 15, lodged. 

Yuba — 1.87 inches; hay, 33, mold and decay; 
wheat, 6, lodged; barley, no damage. 



Important, additions are being continually made in 
Woodward's Gardens. The grotto walled with aquaria is 
constantly receiving accessions of new fish and other ma- 
rine life. The number of sea lions is increased, and there 
is a better chance to study their actions. The pavilion 
has new varieties of performances. The floral depart- 
ment is replete, and the wild animals in good vigor. A 
<lay at Woodward's Gardens is a day well spent 



Educational. 



[ISCOIU'OKATKD 1SS0.] 

THE HOME SEMINARY 



YOUNG LADIES AND CHILDREN. 
The next Term will commence August 14, 1384. 

French Conversation, Vocal Music and Drawing taught 
daily and included in the regular course. The Seminary 
is a home where each pupil will receive the attention 
best suited to her wants. 

MISS M. S. CASTLEMAN, Principal. 
MISS JULIA OSTKOM, Associate Principal. 

San Jose, Cal. 



tdlicatiojiai. 



COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, 

Napa City, Cal. 

THE FALL SESSION WILL OPEN 

July 30, 1884. 
ELEVEN PROFESSORS AND TEACHERS. 

Eight Distinct Departments of Study. 

Scientific, Classical, Pine Art, Commercial, 
Musical, Elocutionary, Normal, and 
Primary Departments. 

The several Departments are in charge of teachers of 
experience and ability, chosen with special reference to 
their work. 

The Commercial Department is well provided with 
facilities for acquiring both the theory and practice of a 

THOROUGH Bl SI NESS EDUCATION. 

All rooms are kept in order and furnished with fuel 
and water by servants. 

Pleasant surroundings, delightful climate. Let all 
who have sons and daughters to educate address the 
principal, 

A. E. LASHER, A. M . 

Napa City, Cal. 




CALIFORNIA MILITARY ACADEMY 

Oakland, California. 

Col. W. H. Principal. 

A First-Class Boarding School for Boys 

Term Begins Monday, July 21, 1884- 



'If fl^J 

'1 Hi 

1 1 r B/l 


SJkGARDEN CITY M! 





m 


L COLLEGE 


H F H.B.\fV0RCE5TER,PRINCl^|| 



P. 0. Box 490, 



San Jose, Cal. 



First-class. Centrally located. Well equipped. Full 
corps of Teachers. All branches belonging to the modern 
Business College taught. 

tar Send for Circular. Ml 



BOWENS ACADEMY, 

University Avenue, - - Berkeley, Cal. 

PREPARATORY, COMMERCIAL AND ACADEMIC 

DEPARTMENTS. 
Terms, *a0 and *35 per school month. School year will 
begin Monday, .luly 14, 1884. Send for circular." 

T. STEWART BOWENS, A. B., T. C. D., 

Principal. 



HOPKINS ACADEMY 



OAKLAND, 



CALIFORNIA. 



THE HARMON SEMINARY, 

Berkeley, Cal. 

A BOARDING AM) DAT SCHOOL FOR 
YOUNG LADIES. 

The Next Term will open July 31, 1884. 
For Catalugue or other information, address : 

THE HISSES HARMON, Berkeley, Cal., 

Or E. J. WK'KSON, 414 Clay St., S. F. 



SACKETT SCHOOL. 

English, Classical and Commercial Courses 
of Study. 

STRICTLY FIRST-CLASS in all Respects. 

The next School Year will begin Monday, July 14, 
1 884. Send address, for Catalogue, to 

D. P. SACKETT, A. M. , Principal, 

529 Hobart St., Oakland, Cal. 



MISS BISBEE'S SCHOOL 

FOR YOUNG LADIES, 

1020 Oak Street. - - Oakland, Cal., 

WILL RE-OPEN 
Wednesday July SO, 1884 



REV. H. E. JEWETT, Principal. 

Til K NKXT SCHOOL YEAR BKOIXS 

TUESDAY JULY 29, 1884- 

£g- SEND FOR CATALOGUE. *S* 



"Words fail to 
express my grati- 
tude," says Mr. 
Selby Carter, of Nashville, Teun., "for 
the benefits derived from 



Words Fail. 

Selby Carter, of Nash 
the benefits derived from 

Ayer's Sarsaparilla. 

Haying been afflicted all my life with Scrof- 
ula, my system seemed saturated with it. It 
came out in Blotches, Ulcers, and Mattery- 
Sores, all over my body." Mr. Carter states 
that be was entirely cured by the use of 
Ayer's Sarsaparilla, and since discon- 
tinuing its use, eight months ago, he has had 
uo return of the scrofulous symptoms. 

All baneful infections of the blood are 
promptly removed by this unequalled altera- 
.ire. 

PREPARED SY 

Dr.J.C.Ayer&Co., Lowell, Mass. 

Sold by all Druggists- $1, six bottles for $5. 



Cut this Out and Keep it for Reference. 




ilFORP I I! /AFTER! n \\ 
WEARING THE PATENT 

DUPLEX GALVANIC BELT. 

THE UNPARALLELED SUCCESS OF THIS MEDICAL 
belt in the cure of Nervous Weakness and prostra- 
tion, Impotency, Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Dyspepsia, 
Constipation anil all Liver and Kidney Diseases, is attested 
by thousands who have been cured by it. It is not the 
only Galvanic Belt in the market, but it is the only one 
that ever received a Silver Medal as a premium. It L 
universally acknowledged to be tick hkst in tiik world. 
It is adapted to self-treatment and cure at home. Full 
instructions go with every belt. Price of belt, complete, 
cither male or female, $10. Sent prepaid to any address 
for cash, or by express C. O. D. Address: 

DUPLEX GALVANIC CO., 
112 Kearny St., - San Francisco, Cal. 

£3TThe Genuine Duplex Galvanic Belt is Patented. 
Beware of imitations. 




Cciuiiiissioii fderchapts. 



BLUM, BALDWIN & GIRVIN, 

319 California St., S. P. 

GRAIN and WOOL 

SOLD ON COMMISSION. 

*3~Bagrs and Twine for Sale. 



DAVIS & SUTTON, 

Commission Merchants 

IN CALIFORNIA PRODUCE, 

No. 75 Warren St., ... New York. 

References: Tradesmen's National Bank, N. Y.; EI- 
wanger & Barry, Rochester, N. Y. ; C. W. Reed, Sacramento, 
CaL; A. Lusk & Co . San Francisco Cal. 



ILIDM O V Xi . 

DALTON BROS.. 

Commission Merchants 

AND DEALERS IN 

CALIFORNIA AND OREGON PRODUCE, 

GREEN AND DRIED FRUITS, 

Grain, Wool, Hides, Beans, and Potatoes. 

308 and 310 DAVIS ST., 
P. 0. Box 1936. SAN FRANCISCO. 

£3T CONSIGNMENTS SOLICITED. 



Commission Herciiai.,?. 

Geo. Morrow. (Established 1304.] Geo. P. Morroh. 

GEORGE MORROW & CO., 

HAY and GRAIN 

COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 

39 Clay Street and 28 Commercial Street; 
San Francisco, Cal. 
*y SHIPPING ORDERS A SPECIALTY. 1SS 



MOORE, FERGUSON & CO.. 

COMMISSION MERCHANTS. 

WOOL, GRAIN, FLOUR 

ETC., ETC. 
Members of the San Francisco Produce Exchaugi 

310 California St., San Francisco. 
tS" Liberal advances made on consignments. 

Grangers' Business Association, 

SHIPPING AND COMMISSION HOUSE. 

No. 38 California St., - San Francisco. 

Consignments of GRAIN, WOOL, DAIRY PRODUCE, 
Dried Fruit, Live Stock, etc., solicited, and liberal ad' 
vances made on the same. 

Careful and prompt attention paid to orders for the 
purchasing of Grain and Wool Sacks, Wagons, Agricult- 
ural Implements, Provisions, Merchandise, and supplies 
of all kinds. 

Warehouse and Wharf: 

At "THE GRANGERS'," Contra Costa Co. 

Grain received on storage, for shipment, for sale on 
oonsignment. Insurance effected and liberal advances 
made at lowest rates. Farmers may rely on their gram 
being closely and carefully weighed, and on having their 
ether interests faithfully attended to. 



Jackson Hakt. 



James P. Hulme. 




I lift 



WOOL, GRAIN, ' 

6ERUL couuii mm 

10 DAVIS ST., SAN FRANCISCO. 

KiT Personal attention given to all sales, and libera,!, 
advances made on consignments at low rates of interest 
All orders for ranch supplies filled at the lowest market 
rates. 



LOI19 MEYKP. 



PETER MEYER. 

MEYER BROS. & CO., 

Importers and 

Wholesale Grocers 

And Dealers in 

«■ TOBACCO AND CIGARS. 
412 FRONT STREET. 

Front St. Block, bet. Clay & Washington, San Francisc-J. 
igrSpecial attention given to country traders. 
P. O. Box 104O. 

ESTABLISHED 1860 

P. STEINHAGEN & CO., 

(Successors to J. W. GALE & CO.) 

fruit and General Commission Merchants 



1 

And Wholesalo dealers in California and Oregon Produce. 
Also, Grain, Wool, Hides, Beans, Potatoes, Cheese, 
Eggs, Butter and Honey. 

( No. 402 Davis Street and 
( 120 Washington St., S. F. 
Prompt returns. Advance liberally on Consignment*. 



Brick Stores 



S3T THE "NEW BECKER'"^* 

SHIPPED ON SIXTY DAYS' TRIAL! 
Over 28,000 of. these mai nines 'have actually been sold in three years 
(troui Maine to California); 06 in Y0I0C0..8.S in Santa Barbara Co., etc., etc. 



Returned to new building, former location, 320 Post 
street, where students have all the advantages of elegant 
halls, new furniture, first-class facilities, and a full corps 
of experienced teachers. iSTSend for Circulars. LIFE 
SCHOLARSHIP, $70. 




FIELD'S 

Orchard Force Pump. 

the CHEAPEST and 
BEST Pomp in the World ! 

^•Especially adapted for spraying 
Fruit Trees. Will throw a steady 
stream 60 ft. Send for Catalogue. 
BAKER & HAMILTON. San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 



. ..nta Barbara Co., etc., etc. 
Sample Machine and Wringer shipped on trial. Satisfaction guaranteed. See 
It! Try It! Send for New Illustrated and Descriptive Pamphlet, which 
contains my liberal proposition, full Information, etc. The celebrated "No. 90 
Impro\ cd" Eureka Wringers, with machines, at wholesale prices. Local 
Agents Wanted Kverywhere. E. W. MELVIN, Prop. & Man'fr. 
Office and Factory- Fifth and M Streets, Sacramento, Cal. 



M ATHUSHEK 

PIANO MFG. CO., New Haven, Ct. 



"There arc features in this Piano, among which are clearness of tone 
and keeping in tune, thatplace it in this respect without a rival. Wc speak 
from experience, having used one for 15 years."— Fraternal Record. 




UPRIPI4T AND PRANn PI A N AQ ' GEO. F. WELLS, Gen'l Ag't, ) Nuperlnr to All Others 
UrnlUni Rnll UnHNU rlHIlUO ( 142 o Market Street, S. F. f tfor Country Use. 
f^TWiil r«mftfn In bind AnAtlmcm lonenr tlinn Any other. Send for Cafaloirne. 



SEND FOR ILLUSTRATED PRICE LIST (FREE) OF 
all kinds of Apiarian Supplies, manufactured by W. 
T. Falconer, Jamestown, N. Y. Goods shipped by steamer 
to California at low rates. 




ATLAS ENGINE 



WORKS 

INDIANAPOLIS* IND., U. S. A 

M A M'FACTIKFRS OF 

STEDMrTGINiSlBOILERS.. 

W^ Carr \ E o: 9 !^VJi,,!°n , ^ f l s,0Ck SSgg! 




52 



f>A6IF!e F^JRAL f>RESS. 



[Jolt 19, 1884 



THE F'-A^TZJS/L JVE^OHinSTE OIL. 

FARMERS, PROPRIETORS OF THRESHING MACHINES, HEADERS, Etc.: 

What is the use of paving from $1.25 to $1.40 per gallon for Cantor Oil when you can buy the famous "FARM MACHINE" OIL. everyway 
equal, for 25 per cent. lesV <IT Write the Coxtixextal On. axd Transportation Co., San Francisco, Cal., for sample an.l try it. 

JL. XT B IFt I O IE , 

The Most Serviceable and Excellent Compound IVIfxdo. 



Address for Oil and Lubricating Compound THE CONTINENTAL OIL AND TRANSPORTATION COMPANY, at San Francisco, naklam 

San Jose, Los Angeles, Stockton, Sacramento, Cal., Denver, Pueblo, Gunnison, Col., < >gden or Salt Lake City, Utah, Portland, Oregon, or 

OHAMjEIS J". WOODBURY, 

General Manager Lubricating Department C. 0. and T. Co.. SAN FRANCISCO. CAL. 



Hotels and Rummer deports, 

PACIFIC HOTEL, 

(fronting r. r. depot), 
Tulare City, - - - - California. 

J. B. WELSH, Proprietor. 

Having purchased this well known popular resort am' 
kk.m.vatkh it iiiaoronoiT, a continuance of public favoi 
ia confidently solicited. As heretofore, it w ill be con- 
ducted as a 

TEMPERANCE HOUSE, 

The strictest care being given to the comfort and acconi- 
initiation of guests. 
Baths connected with the house. 

< )ur accommodations are ample, and families can find 
rooms and comfort at reasonable charges. 

Gentlemanly |K,rters will l>e present on arrival of trams 
to receive baggage and passet>gers. 

fSTSUigesfor Visalia, l'orterville, Woodville, etc., leave 
Ibis bouse. Special accommodations secured by tele- 
graph for parties and families. 



Lane's Mineral Springs, 

Calaveras County, Cal. 

PINE AXD HEMLOCK CHEMICAL- VAPOR AND 
ELECTRO-THERMAL BATHS. 

Connected w ith these Springs arc Hot and Cold Baths. 
The water of these Springs is cold, clear and palatable 
having been used JO years for Medical l»urposes. 

These Fountains of Health are located S!> miles east of 
Stockton, in the foothills of the Sierras, at an altitude of 
1,000 feet above the levelof the sea. Always ready, winter 
and summer, for the reception of patients, on account of 
the even temperature of this most genial climate. 

These Springs are surrounded by hills and mountains, 
eovered w ith a forest of oak, in the midst of the copper, 
gold and silver mines. The accommodations consist of a 
Hotel, Cottages, Camp Grounds, and Stables. 

On and after May 14. 1884, stage leaves Milton Mon- 
day, Wednesday and Friday on arrival of train from 
Sto<.*ton. F. 0. addrefui will then be Milton, Calaveras Co. 

JAMES HUTCHINS. Proprietor. 

ANDERSON &.PATRIQUIN, 



ANDERSON'S SPRINOS. 

> Near Middle town, 

Lake County, Cal. 

Nineteen miles from Calistoga. Napa County, 
five miles from Middle town O&d ten miles faun 
the Great <leyse:s, betw: i n which and Andet- 
son's Spring, t!:ere tut good wagon roads. 

HOT STJLPHl'R and STEAM BATHS for the 
cuie of Rheumatism, Paialvsis, St. Vitus' 
Dance, Drop<y. eto. Cold Sulphur, Soda. Mag- 
nesia and Iron Springs for Dyspepsia, Stomach, 
Liver aud Kidney allections. Chalybeate Iron 
Spring for hemorrhages. 

Scenery unsurpassed ; climate mild and equa- 
ble; consumptives generally improved in 
health and asthmatics aie invariably relieved. 

Tront fishing in the grounds; deer hunting 
in the immediate vicinity. 

New cottages for the better accomodations of 
guests. Cooking good. 

E/PRCSS AND P. O. ADDRESS: 

Midoletown, Lake County, Cal. 



PROPRIETORS. 



LAUREL GLEN FRUIT FARM, 



SANTA CRUZ HILLS. 

Beautifully located four miles from railroad and beach. 
Pleasant groves, fine fruit in its season, milk and cream. 

44T Person* wishing board in a beautiful retreat, with 
pleasant surroundings, should address, 

ISAAC DA KIN, 

Soquel, Santa Cruz Co., Cal. 



COMMERCIAL HOTEL, 

A. & J. HAHN, Prop'rs, 
Nos. 273, 275, 277 and 279 Main Street, Stockton, Cal. 
Kates, $1.25 to $2 Per Day. 
Stage offices for Collegevillc and Oakdale, Roberts and 
Union Islands, and Lane's Mineral Springs stages. The 
most desirable location in the city. Refurnished and refit- 
ted in the best style for the accommodation of the public. 
Free coach from all traius and steainboatB to the hotel. 

QT. DAVID'S, 713 HOWARD STREET, NEAR THIRD 
O— A first class lodging hotel, containing Is5 rooms; 
water and gas in each room; no better beds in the world; 
no guest allow ed to use the linen once used by another; 
a large reading-room; hot and cold water; baths free; 
price of room per night, 50c. and 75c.; per week, from $2 
upward; open all night. At Ferries take Omnibus Line 
direct to bouse. R. HUGHES, Proprietor. 




H. H. EE. 



BELTIISTG- J±1<T1D LACING. 
FULLED RAWHIDE ROPE, 

MANUFACTURED BV 

HERMAN ROYER, 855. 857, 859 and 861 BRYANT ST.. SAN FRANCISCO 

ESTABLISHED 1863' 



MEETS IMPROVED PIONEER 



BARLEY CRUSHER, 

Using the Benoit Corrugated Rollers. 

STILL AT THE FRONT! 




TAKEN THE PREMIUM AT THE STATE FAIR 

Four years in succession, and has met with general favor, there 
now being 

OVER 125 OF THEM IN USE IN CALIFORNIA! 

It is the most economical and durable Feed Mill in use. 2 am sole manu- 
: ictun r of the Corrugated Roller Mill. The mills are already to mount on 

wagons. 

I thank the public fir the kind patron\ge received thus far, and hope for a continuance of the same. 

IMC. L. MERY, Chico Iron Works, Cllico, Cal. 



FAT JO & SWEATTS IMPROVED GRADERS. 




FIG. I REPRESENTS GRADER TAKING A LOAD. FIG. 2 LOAD OFF THE GROUND 
ready to take to destination. Fig. o, Dumping and Spreading at the same time. The frame is made of wrought 
and angle iron; the Scoop of boiler plate, with cutting edge of steel. ,x4. i>ur Regular Size carries l yard earth, 
and we make them larger or smaller to order, price -*6.*>. For large jobs we have a trader on this Name principle, to 
set on any ordinary farm wagon; carries 11 yards earth; price, ?--00. F"r particulars, call on or address 

FATJO & SWEATT, Santa Clara, Santa Clara Co., Cal. 




As a family remedy, we are safe In making the bold 
assertion that no liniment exists that will compare with 
Mic H. H. H. <n curing the following diseases: 

RHEl'MATISM —Apply freely to the part* affecte d 
arid take internally from 10 to 20 drops in from S to 'i 
tablespoonfuls of water 3 times a day. 

DIARRHiEA— Dose, as above. 

COLIC— Same as above, repeated every half hour 
until relieved. 

TOOTHACHE— Saturate a piece of cotton and put 
t in the tooth, repeat in 15 minutes if not relieved. 

All other aches and jains apply freely to the parts 
affected. 

As a horse medicine it is superior to any liniment ever 
invented. For RINGBONE, SPAVIN, SWEE- 
NEY. CALLOUS LI MPS and all OLD SORES, 
apply freely so as to blister, from three to live days in 
succession, and, in four or flic dayg, ii not cured, re|K.at 
asat first. SPRAINS, STIFF JOINTS, BBVT8- 
KS. WIND GALLS, and all slight ailments, apply a 
small quantity, so as not to blister. SADDLE 
SOKES, Cl'TS, and all other sores w here the skin la 
broken, mix the liniment half and hall with a/iy kind ol 
oil and apply in moderation. 

H. H. MOORE & SONS, 

PROPRIETORS. 

MAGICAL, MATCHLESS, 



MAGNETISM! 




MAGNETIC MITTEN. 

HEAL THYSELF I 

Equalize vour circulation and relieve coxoKSTBD condi- 
tion by ii«iiig the MAGN ETIC MITTEN". II you are tired 
of old failures and antiquated methods of regaining 
health, get a Belt or Vest and know what real comfort and 
enjoyment are. All forms of Kidney ami Liver Troubles 
Malaria and Wood Poison, Rheumatism, Neuralgia and 
Dyspepsia absolutely cured by our Shield*. Foot Bat- 
teries |sl| cure all foot anil ankle troubles. fSTSend for 
book, "A Plain Road to Health,'' free. 

CHICAGO MAGNETIC SHIELD CO., 
106 Post St.. San Francisco. 




RUPTURE 



nhilcly i 



ir«i in 3r> to {"i 
I'i 



Magnetic Elastic Truss. 
"'Warranted the onlvEleotricTrusa 
i the world. Entirely dirlerrntfrom 
..I other*. Perfect Retainer, and in worn 
rlthease and conitOrt niphtand day. Cured 
:he renowned Dr. J. .-ininis of New V.,rk, 
N and hundreds of otht-rn. New Illustrated rani- 
phlet free, cuntaining-ful) information. 
MAGNETIC ELASTIC TRUSS COMPANY. , 
704 Sacramento 8U Ban J*ronciaoo. CaL 



4» *\ ■ ■% l y watchmakers, iiy mail 2V. Circulars 

OULD free. J. 8. Bmca « bo.. 38 Dey St., X 



V N 1) NOT 
WKAK Ol i' 



July 19, 1884.] 



The Meeker Sun Drier. 

We called at the Kxcelsior Mill, corner of 
Fifth and Bryant Streets, the other day to see 
what Mr. W. A. Meeker, who is now the sole 
owner of the Kly and the Meeker pr.tents, 
is doing with the drier this season. We ascer- 
tained that he had found time, even amid a 
great increase of his mill business, to make 
some very important changes in the drier, and 
that he is giving this season to testing the im- 
proved apparatus preparatory to a vigorous 
pushing of its claims another year. He has in- 
troduced a furnace so that when it is of advan- 
tage he can utilize both solar and artificial 
heat, or either of them. He has also made im- 
portant changes on the arrangements for 
air currents. All these new features will 
add greatly to the efficiency and desirability 
of the drier for ordinary fruit drying 
and he thinks will make the principles involv- 
ed available for raisin curing on a large scale 
and thus meet the want which was frequently 
mentioned during the discussions ou the raisin 
making at the Fresno grape growing conven- 
tion. For this purpose a stationary drying 
house can be made which will give the fruit the 
artificial heat, which is necessary during foggy 
weather and at the same time it will be exposed 
under glass to utilize the sun heat whenever 
that luminary breaks through the clouds. 
The experiments which will be made this fall 
will declare the status of the drier for this spe- 
cial purpose. 

During our stay Mr. Meeker showed us plums 
and peaches dried during the season of 1882 
and which retained their fruity fragrance and 
taste beautifully. 



A Wawt Supplied. — The St. James' Qtc:ette 
says: "The need of an instrument whereby 
the liight of a star can be obtained when the 
horizon is rendered invisible by mist has been 
long felt in the navy; but a new apparatus, de- 
vised by M. Kenouf, promises to supply the 
want. M. Renouf's device has been tried dur- 
ing a voyage to America on one of the Atlantic 
mail steamers, and all the observations were 
obtained with an error less than four minutes. 



Given Up by Physicians. 

A patient residing at BInghamton, N. v., after using 
Compound Oxygen for two years, gives the gratifying 
result : 

"For two years I could riot stand on my feet tjnt. for 
five minutes at a time, or talk as many minutes; but now 
1 ean walk four or five miles and <!o business all day; and 
1 owe my recovery to health to the persistent use of 
Compound Oxygen, lor I used it about two years, gain- 
ing a little all the time. Nearly all the physicians who 
attended me gave me up, and some said they could num 
her my days. " 

Our "Treatise on Compound Oxygen," containing a 
history of the discover} and mode of action of this re- 
markable curative agent, and a large record of surprising 
cures in Consumption, ( ata'th, Neuralgia, Bronchitis, 
Asthma, etc., and a wide range of chronic diseases, will 
be sent free. Address Dus. Starkkv *i I'vi.kn, Holland 
1111 Guard St., Philadelphia. 

All orders for the Compound Oxygen Home Treatment 
directed to H. E. Mathews, 606 Montgomery street, San 
Francisco, will be filled on the same terms as if sent 
directly to us ill Philadelphia. 



An Easy Binder. 



A. T. Dewey's patent 
elastic binder, for periodi- 
cals, musicand other printed 
sheets, is the handiest, b 1st 
and cheapest of all econom- 
ical and practical file bind 
ers. Newspapers aie quick- 
ly placed in it and held 
neatly, as in a cloth-bour.d 
book. If is durable, ar.d 
so simple a child can use it. 
Price, (size of Mining and 
Scientific Press, Rural Pre ,s, 
Watchman, Fraternal Pub- 
lishing Co.'s journals, Har- 
per's Weekly, and Scien- 
tific Ameiican), 85 cents; 
postage 10 cents. Postpaid to subscribers of this 
paper, to cents. For sale at this office. Send for 
illustrated circular Agents wanted. 




Our Agents. 

Olr Frif.nds can do much in aid of our paper and the 
cause of practical knowledge and science, by assisting 
Agents in their labors of canvassing, by lending their in- 
fluence and encouraging favors. We intend to send none 
but worthy men. 

Jarid C. Hoao— California. 

J. J. Baktkll — Sacramento county. 

A. S. Dennis— San Mateo county. 

C. D. McDuffus— Sacramento county. 

B. W. Crowrll— Fresno and Tulare counties 
J. W. Rilkv— Stanislaus and Merced counties. 
A. C. Knox — Sonoma and Marin counties. 

Jonti If. Stcrcke— Santa Clara and San Benito counties. 
Geo. McDowkll — Nevada and Placer counties. 
Wa Pascok. 



- CoMrTjj^ftr.N t a u yVa mtlts or this patpr aro 
occ.-isjdfially sent to parties connected with tho 
i?>T StS s P cci:lll y. I " c P rcs cntcd. in its columns. 
I/rsons so receiving copies are requested to 
examine its contents, terms of subscription, and 
give it their own patronage, and, as jar as 
practicable, aid in circulating the journal, and 
making its value more widely known to others, 
and extending its influence in the cause it faith- 
fully serves. Subscription rate, ?3 a year I in 
advance. Extra copies mailed for JO cents/ if 
ordered soon enough. Personal attention/vill 
be called to this (as well us other noticoif. at 
times,) by turning a leaf, 




ESTABLISHED 

1876. 




MYROBOLAN NURSERY, 

Haywai'dLs, CaL 

10,000 Kelsey's Japan Plum Trees. 




THE LARGEST OF ALL PLUMS. 

The Best Shipper of all Plums. 
Ripening in September and October. 
Bears Early at Three Years Old. 
Large Fruit, Small Pit and Delicious F lavor. 
Suitable for Planting 10 feet apart between Orchard Trees, 
as it is Dwarf. 

. My JAPAN PLUM is on the Myrobolan Root, which is the only root that will 
guarantee its bearing. 

My Nursery Stock consists ol all the Leading Varieties of Fruit Trees suitable for 
Canning, Urying and Market. 

My Plum, Pkach, Apricot, Nectarine and Japan Plum are all on Myrobolan Root ; 
i.e., a Plum Root which does not sucker. All my stock guaranteed true to name and on the 
best roots. PRICE $25 per hundred. 

JAMES O'NEILL, Proprietor. 



SEYM0UR'SB'AMOND| D E e E 




AGENTS WA\TT:j) 

iu every sheep tltstriet. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 

The shears are splendid, best shape on the market ; sell at idirlit. Ohax. A S. Tompkins. Orland. Oal. 

Are a fcrraml success. I sheared In ft pen with ten pairs oi the " Diamond Edt^e," and every pair worked 
all right. Sold at once every pair. QUO. P. Hahhis, Brownwood, Texas. 

Have no equal in Ihis country for ease and durability, ('an clip live sheep as quickly Willi your shears 
as I could three with old-time shears. GEO, \\ Coi fman, Melissa, Texas 

Best shears made They cut an old dry sheepskin, full of saud and navel, that laid all winter under 
my pump. Cut wherever my hand could press them together. Hid not buck nor even double 

Van Smith, Hack-berry. Kan. 

HENRY SEYMOUR CUTLERY CO., HOLYOKE, MASS. 



'I Mb paper le printed with Ink Manufac- 
tured by Charles Eneu Johnson Sc Go., 5o*J 
South 10th St., Philadelphia. Branch Offi- 
ces— 47 Rose St., New York, and 40 La Salle 
St., Chicago. Agent for the Pacific Ooaet>- 
Joeeph H Dorety. 628 Commercial St, 8, F. 



Rkmittancks to this office should be made by postal order 
or registered letter, when practicable. Cost of postal 
order, lor $15 or less, 10 eta.; for registered letter, in addi- 
tion to resrular nostavre fat 3 ctr. Der half ounce). 10 etfl. 



SplrndidI Latest Style ehromo cards, name, lOo. Pre- 
mium with 8 packs. F. EL PARDEE, New Haven. C». 



NOTICE TOJARMERS. 

gOME MISAPPREHENSION EXISTING CONCERNING 
,J the plans and purposes of the "Stockton Combined 
Harvester and Agricultural Works" (a corporation) in 
purchasing Letters Patent on Combined Harvesters and 
Threshers, and also Headers, 

NOTICE IS HERE GIVEN. 

That, the Stockton Combined Harvester and Agricultural 
Works (a corporation) does not intend to prosecute, or 
ask farmers, or any farmer, to pay a royalty to said Cor- 
poration upon any Combined Harvester and Thresher or 
any Header, or the use of any Combined Harvester and 
Thresher, or any Header, purchased or used prior to this 
season. 

The desire of the company is to protect its business 
hereafter against the work of manufacturers who may 
conflict with its patents, and who have no patents at ali. 

Any misunderstanding or annoyance between farmers 
and the Corporation will commence, if at all, on the part 
of the farmer. The Corporation will at all times recognize 
that the interest of the farmer is the interest of the 
Company. 

By L. V SHIPPEE, President 
Stockton Combined Harvester and Agricultural Works. 
Dated Stockton, June 20, 1884. 



CHOICE 

FRUIT LANDS! 

AT AUCTION, 
On Easy Terms and Long 
Credit. 



THE CHOICE FRUIT LANDS OF J. H. 
STROWBR1DGE, Esq., comprising about 500 acres in 
the town of Haywood, Alameda county, will be sold at 
auction in ten-acre subdivisions, August 16th, at 12 If. , 
on the premises. This is the first offerin,- ever made of 
choice fruit lands in this well-know n fruit raising center, 
and sold only on account of the departure ol Mr Strow- 
biidge for Europe. Parties at a distance desiring full 
information regarding the sale, can learn all particulars 
by addressing the auctioneers. • 
Parties desiring to purchase can have their commis- 
sions faithfully < xecuted without being present, at the 
sale. Descriptive catalogues, maps, diagrams and full 
particulars b\ August 1st. At the same time and plaCe 
we will sell all the choice Merino Sheep, graded Cows, 
Horses, Pigs, Agricultural Implements, Hay, GraiD, etc., 
in lots witliout reserve. For further information, Cata- 
logues, etc , (w hich will be mailed to any address) write 
to 

TAGGART & DINGEE, 
Noa. 460 and 462 Eighth St., Oakland, Cal. 

Or to EASTON & ELDRIDGE, 

22 Montgomery St , opp. Lick House, San Francisco. 



NINETEENTH 

Industrial Exhibition 



MECHANICS' FAIR 

SAN FRANCISCO, 1884. 
Opens August 5th; closes September 6th. 

MECHANICAL PROGRESS, INVENTION, ART AND 
NATURAL PRODUCTS will be represented bj the best 
obtainable evhibits on this coast. An 

INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT 

By an efficient Orchestra each afternoon ind evening 

PREMIUMS. 

Medals of Gold, Silver and Bronze, Diplomas and Cash 
will be awarded as premiums to meritorious exhibits. 

ADMISSION. 

Double season tickets, $!i; single season, $3; apprentice 
season, si.:>0; child's, *l.. r i0; adult single admission, 60 
cents; child's, 26 cents; season tickets to memheks of THB 

1NST1T! TF. AT HALF-PRICE. 

Any desired information given or sent on application 
to the Secretary, 31 Post street. 

P. B. CORNWALL, President, 

J. II. CULVER, Secretary. 



To Architects and Builders. 

Valuable Vault for Sale at a Bargain 

A contractor has a thoroughly burglar-proof vault for 
sale. Dimensions, 4}\'i ft.; hight, 7 It. in the clear; weight, 
about 6,000 lbs. In perfect order throughout. Double 
doors inside. Single burglar proof outside door, 1$ inch 
steel and iron combined. The bolt work is of superior 
and rst-class quality in all respects, there being no liet- 
ter on this coast. Can he examined at any time. Write 
for further information. Address P. H., box 2301, S. F. 
P. 0., or nquire at this office. 

Land Business at Washington. 

Having associated with us able counsel at Washington, 
we are now prepared to obtain Patents upon Pre-emp- 
tions, Homesteads, Mines, Mexican Grants, and all classes 
of Land Entries; and to manage contest! before the 
Commissioner of the General Lund Office and the Secre- 
tary of the Interior. Advice will be furnished upon 
favorable terms. All business will be attended to 
promptly and on reasonable terms. 

DEWEY & CO , Patent Solicitors. 



First-Class Stationary Engine 
For Sale. 

Right or left hand; 10jx24 inch cylinder; ftf wheel 3,500 
pounds; nearly new and all in perfect order. Will be sold 
at a great sacrifice for want of use. Terms of payment 
easy; on installment plan, if desired. Original cos- 
Si, 200. Can be seen in position any day. Address H. M , 
box 2361,8. F. P.O. 

Angei.I/h Liver Pills cure rheumatism and headache. 



54 



f AGIFI6 F^URAL P RESS. 



[July 19, 1884 



Lands hi gale apd Jo Let. 



GOOD CROPS EVERY SEASON 

Without Irrigation. 

Kreeby trail, specimen uuniber of 'Tkt Calif urn in n Rail 
K.Katr Jijcluinat ami Marl, " full of reliable information on 
climate, productions, etc., of 

SANTA CRUZ COUNTY. 

Address. '• F.XCHANOE AND MART." Sauta Cnu. OaL 



Select Vineyard & Orchard Lands. 

Large Tracts for Colony and Grazing 
Purposes. 

Tln.se desiring to purchase tracts of Vineyard or Or- 
cliard Land near the Bay of San Francisco, of choice 
quality, improved or unimproved, may ohtain information 
concerning several very select offerings by applying to 
the undersigned. LAKUK TRACTS OF LAND, suit- 
able for colony or grazing purposes, in Southern Califor- 
nia, will also be a specialty. At present we offer ,17,000 
acres of land in the Cajon ranch, San Diego county, suit- 
able for a fruit-growing colony, at -*6 per cu re; large sul. 
divisions of the saute at equally low price; small segre- 
gated tracts of select land at *6<i per acre. 

Also, 2,000 acres of land suitable for fruit growing, 
without irrigation, at $35,000 Other tracts will be se- 
lected in any part of the State upon receiving couintis 
sions for the j-er\ ice; such commissions on behalf of the 
purchaser are solicited. Temporary private offices ot the 
undersigned are at Messrs. Kohlcr & Frohling's, Mont- 
gomery block, 026 Montgomery street, San Francisco, or 
at F.I Cajon Land Company's office, San Diego. 

CHAS. A. WKT.MORK. 

ONTARIO! 

The Model Settlement of 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA 



Health, Climate and Choice Fruits. 

Map of tract and copy of Ontario Fruit Grower sent 
free on application 

Proceedings of Semi-Annual State Couvention of Fruit 
Growers, with Ontario Appendix, giving profits of fruit 
culture, climate and general information, sent on receipt 
of thirtv cents in stamps. 

Apply to J. 8. CALKINS, Room No. 8, Schumackei 
block, opposite P. O., Los Angeles, or address 

CHAFFEY BROS., 

Ontario. Cal. 



ELSINORE ! 



IN THE NEW FRUIT COLONY ON THE 
C S R. R . SO miles South of Riverside, fift.\ larn.s 
tt nd one hundred town lots have been sold. Pricks, 
,<> $50 per acre. bay terms. 

fSTSend for Circulars to the proprietors: 

F. H. 1IEALD, Wii. COLLIER, Klainorc. Cal 
D. M. GRAHAM, Nadeau Block, Los Angeles, Cal. 



FOR 



One thousand acres of VINEYARD, ORCHARD AND 
ALFALFA LAND in Fresno County, near the town of 
Fresno, at $15 per acre, as a whole, or $gO per acre in 
subdivisions. Apply to 

E. B. PERRIN, 

402 Kearny St., S. F. 



SAN JOSE FOUNDRY, 

Jose , Califox'iiia. 



. MAM PA* T1KK8. 



McCalFs Road Grader and Ditcher 




Over One Hundred Machines in use in California, ami 
many in Montana and other Territories all giving per 
feet satisfaction. 

1'elton's Six Fold Cleared Horse Tower for 
'I'll resit Injf, tin very lu st in u-c. at irreat ly Ke- 
dtteed Kates. Please send for Price List. 

THE LOCKHART ELEVATOR 

AND SELF-FEEDER 

For Threshing Engines. 

MR. WM. ATCHISON WRITES: 

Mh. A. W. Lockhaki Diar Sir : Having run one ol 
your side Feeders last year, I consider it so far ahead of 
an} other, that no man can afford to run a machine 
without it. WM. ATCHISON, Stockton. 



ir.l. 




on will be Hlled. Address: 

A. W. LOCKHART. 

Stockton. Cal. 



We will send yon awatch oracbaln 
BT MAIL OR EXPRESS. 0.0 b..tob. 
examined before paying any money 
and ir not satisfactory, returned at 
our expense. We manufacture all 
our watches and save you 30 per 
cent. Catalogue of 'i5»j styles free. 
Evebv Watch Woi.s.n,. ADDatas 
STANDARD AMERICAN WATCH CO., 
pittsblkuh. r a. 



LAND CLEARING WITH JUDSON POWDER. 



RAILROAD MEN, FARMERS AND VITIOULTURISTS HAVE, 

>.v practical experience, found that the JUDSON POWDEK especially, is the bent adapted to REMOVE 

STUMPS. 

FROM 5 TO JO POUNDS OF THIS POWDER will always bring any sized stump with roots clear 
out of the ground. The EXPENSE IS LESS THAN ONE-HALF the cost ..f Grubbing. 
WKor particulars bow to use the same, apply to 

BANDMANN, NIELSEN & CO., General Agents, 

SAN FRANCISOO. CAL,. 




THE LIGHTNING 

HAY PRESS 



.MINI t ti II KKII AT. 



PACIFIC CARRIAGE WORKS, 

J. F. HILL. Proprietor. 
1307 to 1323 J Street, SACRAMENTO 



The above cut represents the Press at work. 



This Press, as will be seen by the cut, is an upright; the bale being formed in the bay chamber at the bottom of 
the Press. The feeding throat is about midway between the top and the bottom ol the Pi ess. The device lor feed 
ing the Press is constructed w ith side-board and aprons, on w hich the hay is pitched. The Press is constructed with 
a drop; the said drop acts as trampcr, and after the hale is formed, it is changed from tramping to pressing. Front 
three to live forksfnl of hay are put in at one drop, which makes the fceilinj* process very rapid. 

The power necessary for baling is oik- pair of horses. They arc worked in one continuous forward motion, both 
tramping and pressing, and make but one stop during the making of a bale thit ol tying and dropping the bale out 
of the Press. The size of the bale, when out of the Press, is twenty lour by twenty-six inches, by three feet eight 
inches long, and weighs trom two hundred and twenty -Ave to two hundred and setentv-li\c pounds, and tin- sty Ir ol 
the hale has no equal. The Press is carried, when moving, lengthwise of the wagon. 

The Press is hinged at the bottom to a pair ol sills, and is laid down by means of a derrick upon a bolster, on 
the rear pair of wheels, with the sills swung upon the under side of said gear bv means of a windlass. The front end 

being swung on the under side of front gear, after the sty le of dray trucks, it only requires te Inlltee for two men 

to load the Press and be on the road. 

This Press provided w ith a hay derrick and fork, which is a recent improvement not shown in the cut, and it 
is operated I. \ the team attached to the Press, w hile tramping or pressing either, bringing the hay from a fifty -loot 
stack to the Press, and is made the lightest work of any part of the haling. The capacity of the Press is from ten 
lifteen tons ]>er day, by ordinary unskilled balers, hut actitc, skilled balers bale from fifteen to twenty live tons par 
day. The above Press is now manufactured by 

J. F. HILL, Sacramento, Cal. 




S. W. Corner Kearny and Montgomery Avenue. San Francisco. 

iiT Kree Coach to and from the House. J. W. BECKER, Proprietor. 



" THE 



BOSS" GOPHER TRAP 

TH C . FARMER'S BEST FRIEND. 



Hi.- ..nly Reliable Trap in existence. Defies all Mrtnpe 

lili. in. I 'in. I- Plain traps per dozen. >'4: plain trap 

apiece, 40 cento; safely traps pel do/en. |t; safety trap 
apiece, *>o cents. 




Far Salr lit I. .1. H ATI'AH \l <;il, Sun Jose, Cnl, fVAtap M iu Hasdwari Hk u.«k» "%» 



Self-Feeder and Elevator, 

WITH 

Improved Spreaders, Stack Derricks 



AND 



TEMPEST WIND-MILLS. TANKS. TROUGHS. Etc. 



Manufactured and for Sale by 

E. J. MARSTERS, - - - Stockton, Cal. 



breeder' birectory. 

Six Hues or less in this Directory at r>0c. a line pet month 

POULTRY. 

L H CUTTING, 132 Kose St , Stockton, Cal , P. o 
Box No. 7. Breeder and Importer of Wyandottes, 
Langshaus, White and Brown Leghorns, Kose Contii 
White and Brown Leghorns, Black Hamburgs, Silver 
Penciled Hamburgs, Gulden Penciled Hamburg*, White 
Face Black Spanish, White Crested Black Polish, Silver 
Bearded Polish, Uolden Bearded Polish, Silver Oray 
Dorkings. Kggs for hatching from ahote varieties. 
Send 2-cciit stamp for circular. 

WELLINGTON'S IMPROVED EGG FOOD. 

1 lb. boxes, 4u cts.; .: It., boxes, $1; In It., boxes, $2.&u; 
26 lb. boxes, So. This is the only preparation in the - 
world that will positively preventevery disease of poul- 
try and make hens lay. Ask your grocer or druggist for 
it. R F. Wellington, Prop'r, ttfi Washington St, 8. F. 

J. N. LUND (P. O. Box 116), cor. Webster and Booth 
Sts., near ML View Cemetery, Oakland. Breeder of 
Poultry, Plymouth Hocks, Brown Leghorns, Light 
Brahmas, Langshaus and B. B. K. Uaine Bantams, 
Jacobin Pigeons JtUuinea Fowls. Eggsft Fowls fur sale. 

GEO B BAYLEY, 131 T Castro St., Oakland, Im- 
porter and Breeder of all the best known and most 
(•mutable Land and Water Fouls, and manufacturer 

i.i Poultry Appliances in great variety. Send stamp 
for Circular. 

D. D. BRIGGS.Los Uatos, Cal. Importer and breeder 
of White Dorkings, W. F. Bl. Spanish, Bl. Hamburgs. 
Kggs.il 60, Laiigshan eggs, f- M. Circulars free. 



MRS. L. J. W ATKINS. San Jose. Cal. Pure bred 
Fancy Poultry. White and Brown Leghorns, Pit mouth 
Rocks, Langshaus and Houdans. Kggs and Fouls. 

MRS. M. E. NEWHALL, San Jose. White and 
Broun leghorns, lAiigshans, Plymouth Rocks, Light 
Brahmas, Pekin Ducks and Bron/.e Turket s. 



T. D. MORRIS, Sonoma, Cal. Tuolouse and Kmbdeu 
Ueese, Bronze and W. Holland Turkeys, and all leading 

varieties of Thoroughbred Poultry. 



SMITH'S POULTRY YARDS, Blandiug avenue, 
bet. Everett and Broadway, Alameda, Cal. Address, 
Chas. W . Smith, P. O. BoxVi7, Oakland, Cal. 



BIG HEDGE POULTRY YARDS. San Mateo, 
Cal. Thoroughbred Poultry and Kggs for sale. Also 
Incubators. 

G. W SESSIONS, San Mateo; Li eggs from White £ 
B. Leghorns, *1; Ply m. Rocks, |U0; Langshaus, *2.aU. 

PURE WHITE LEGHORNS a specialty; 1-year 
fou ls each; eggs, $11 per 16, W. C. Damon, Napa, i al. 



HORSbS AND CATTLE. 

OOTATE RANCH BREEDING FARM, Page s 

Station, S. F. & N. P. R. R. P. O., Penu's Orove 
Sonoma Co., Cal. Wilfretf Page, Manager. Breeders 
of Short Horn Cattle, Knglish Draft Horses, Spanish Me- 
rino Sheep and Berkshire Swine. 



ROBERT BECK, San Francisco. Breeder of Thor- 
oughbred Jersey Cattle. Herd took six premiums of the 
eleven offered at State F'air, 1881, and six of 12 in 1883. 



MRS. M. E. BRADLEY, San Jose, Cal. Breedei 
of recorded thoroughbred Short Horn Cattle and Berk- 
shire Hogs. A choice lot of young stock for sale. 



PETER SAXE & SON, Lick House, San Francisco, 

Cal. Importers and Breeders, for past twelve years. Of 
every variety of Cattle, Horses, Sheep and Hogs. 

GEORGE BEMENT, Redwood City, San Mateo Co., 
Cal. Breeder of Ayrshire Cattle, Southdown Sheep aud 
Berkshire Hogs. All kinds of stock for sale. 



J. R. ROSE, Lakeville, Sonoma Co., Cal. Breeder of 
registered Thoroughbred Devous; fine roadsters aud 
draft horses. 



R. J. MERKELEY, Sacramento, breeder Short Horns, 
Perclteron-Nonnan Horses and Berkshire Swine. 



WILLIAM NILES, Los Angeles, Cal. Thorough 
bred Poultry, Cattle and Hogs. Write for circular. 

P. J. SHAFTER, Olema, Cal. Breeder of fine Jerseys 



SEE H. PIERCE'S Jersey advertisement. 



BEES. 



HICKS' HIVE The best movable frame bite in use. 
Also all kinds of Apiarian supplies. "North American 
Beekeejiers' Guide." Send for Circulars and price list. 
Oncen Bees, etc < I, B. Whiting, -12 Merchants' Fx., S. F 



WM. MUTH-RASMUSSEN, Independence, Inyo 
Co. Cal. healer in Honey, Cumn Foundation and 
Italian yneeii Bees. (No (oiill.ro.. d in this county.) 
Beeliiw s made to order. 

J. D. ENAS, Sunnyside, Napa, Cal. Breeder of Pure 
Italian Oneciis. No fool brood, Comb Foundation, 
Kxtractors, etc. 



COMB FOUNDATION w.w Bliss, Haute, Los 

Angeles Co., Cal. 



SHEEP AND GOATS. 

L. U. SHIPPEE, Stockton, Cal. Importer and breeder 
of Spanish Merino Sheep, Durham Cattle, Red Duroe 
aud Berkshire Sw ine Uigh graded Rams for sale. 



J. B. HOYT, Bird's Landing, Solano Co., Cal. Breeder 
aud importer ol Shropshire Sheep. Kams for sale; also 
cross bred Merino and Shropshire. 



A G. STONESIFER Breeder of Pure Blooded 
French Merino Sheep, Hills Ferry, Stanislaus Co., Cal. 



JULIUS WEYAND, breeder of pure blooded An- 
gora ( loafs, Little Stony , I 'olusa ( 'o , Cal 



SWINE. 



JOHN RIDER, Sacramento, Cal. Breeder of Tltor 
oughbred Berkshire Swine. My stock of Hogs Me all 
recorded in the American Berkshire Record. 



WILLIAM NILES, Los Angeles, Cal. Thoroughbred 
Poland-China and Berkshire Pigs. Circulars free. 



TYLER BEACH, San Jose, Cal. Breeder of Thor 
oughbred Berkshire*. 



K. G. SOBEY, Los Uatos, breeder of Fine Berkshires. 



July 19, 1884.] 



fAGIFie F^URAL pRESS. 



55 



StfEEf, EjC 




300 Thoroughbred Rams and Ewes 

From Choice Premium Stock, for sale in lot* to suit 
Tbhms Rbasonablk. Orders promptly and satisfactorily 
tilled. E. W. WOOLSEY Si' BON, Pulton, 
Sonoma Co , Cal. 



LITTLE'S 



SHEEP DIP. 

Price Reduced to 
$1.25 

PER GALLON. 



ij ;r Twenty gallons of fluid 
mixed with cold water will 
make 1,200 gallons of Dip. 
It is superior to all Dips and Dressings for Scab in 
Sheep; is certain in effect; is easily mixed, and is applied 
in a cold state. Unlike sulphur or tohacco, or other 
poisonous Dips, it increases the growth of the wool, stim- 
fates the fleece, and greatly adds to the yolk. It destroys 
all vermin. It is efficacious for almost ev ery disease (in 
t- iii.il and external) sheep are subject to. 

FALKNER, BELL & CO , 

San Francisco, Cal. 




THOROUGHBRED 

Spanish Merino Sheep. 

A ( 'hoice lot of 

n tve -s 

For sale; also, 
ISO XI o « el 

. . . .OF 

YOUNG EWES. 
Address FRED. I'. CI A OK, Elk Grove, SacraincntoCo., Cal. 




THOROUGHBRED 



SPANISH MERINO SHEEP. 




The FIRST 
FLOCK at the 
in 188S. 



PREMIUM 
State Fair 



j* Choice Rams & Ewes 

POR ,s'.l LIS. 
Orders promptly tilled. 
Address FRANK BULLARD, Woodland. Yolo Co., Cal. 

LAUREL RANCH. 

TlloKol'ullRRF.I) 

Spanish Merino 

SHEEP. 

First Premium Flock for four years. Two 

hundred head lor gale cheap lor cash, or on terms to suit 
customers, reorders promptly tilled. Address 
J. H. STBOBRIDGE, Prop'r, 

llaywanls, Alameda Co., Cal. 




ITALIAN SHEEP WASH. 

EXTRACT OF TOBACCO. 

Free from Poison. Prepared 

by the Italian Government 

Oo. Cures thoroughly the 
SCAB OF THE SHEEP 

The BEST and CHEAPEST 
remedy known. Reliable testi- 
monials at our office. 

For particulars apply to 
OH AH. DU I HUM BE Mi & CO.. Sole Agent*. 814 Sacramento 
MtrAHt. Had Franoison 





Calvert's Carbolic 

SHEEP WASH. 

$•4 per Gallon. 

After dipping the Sheep, 18 use- 
ful lor preserving wet hides, de- 
stroying t. e vino pest, and for 
wheat dressings and disinfecting 
purposes, etc. T. W. JACKSON, 
S. F.. Sole Agent for Pacific Coast. 



For tlxo Best 

HONEY EXTRACTOR. WAX EXTRACTOR 

FOUNDATION MACHINE, 

Honey Knives, and Bee Smoker, 

Send for Circular to 

JOS. D. ENAS, 
Sunny Side, Napa City, Cal 



FOR SALE. 

/(OLD MEDAL SEPARATOR, in first-class 
\Jf order, improved cleaning capacity; Enright En 
gine, in splendid order; Jackson Low Derrick and Side 
Elevator ; Lockhart Self-Foeder, and Nash & Cutt's 
Cleaner, together with first class Cook-houBe, Water 
Tank, Derrick Forks, Feed Wagon, etc., or all the para- 
phernalia pertaining to a first-class thrashing rig. A 
rare bargain. Apply to the owner, 

A. O. VANDERVORT, 

Suuol Qlen, Alameda Co 



C^YfLE Houses. 



Registered in the A. J. C. C. 
and A. G. C. C. 




Jersey Belle of Scituate that Made 25 lbs. 
4i ozs. of Butter In one week. 
A grandson of above cow is now in use in the Yerba Buena 
Thisherd won all the herd prizes for 1382. Since then have been 
added young animals from Mr. Pierce's valuable herds East 
He now has Jersey Belle of Scituate, Coomassie, Mary Ann 
of St. Lambert, Farmer's Gloiy and Eurotas strains; also 
large selections from the Islands, without regard to cost. 
He has interest in Eastern herds of 200, at the head of which 
stand only living son of Jersey Belle, Roineo de Bouair (87£ 7, 
Mary Aun'B blood), and Pierson, the best show bxdl in Amer- 
ica. These bulls are valued at $10,000 each. 

HENRY PIERCE, San Francisco. 



BADEN FARM HERD. 
Of Short Horn Cattle and Dairy Cows. 

Catalogues and Prices on application to 

ROBERT ASHBURNER, 
TtadAn Station. ... Sen Mateo do 



JERSEY COWS FOR SALE. 

Firs-class Jersey Cows, from three to eight years old 
at rom 4100 to $2f>0 each -all registered. 

R. G. SNEATH, 
835 Howard St.. San Francisco. 



PERCHERON STUD BOOK 

of m-A.JsrcE. 

Published under authority of the French Oo\ krnmknt, 
by the Socicte Hippiquc Percheronne, a great and power- 
ful organization, composed of all the prominent breeders 
And stallloners of La Perche, when- for more than a 
thousand years have been bred this admirable race. This 
volume contains much valuable historical information; 
also records of the breeding of such stallions and mares 
whose Percberon birth and origin has been established to 
the satisfaction of twenty directors and Controllers of 
entries. 

This book will be of valuable service to all Americans 
who are desirous of procuring only the finest and purest 
bred specimens of French horses with established pedi- 
grees. A translation of the introduction will accompany 
the work, which is printed in good style and neatly bound. 
Price, postpaid, $2. On sale at this office after February 
1st. Address the PACIFIC RURAL PBJGSS, San Francisco. 




1)ROTECT YOUR HOUSE PROM FLIES 
and Mosquitoes, and see that he has :i Comfort- 
able Suit of Harness to work with. Fly Nets Linen 
Sheets and Hoods, Harmss, Saddles, W hips, 
Collars, Lap Ousters, Etc. 

A full stock of Leather and Saddler) Goods, wHolesal 
and retail. W. DAVIS, 

410 Market St., San Fianciseo. 



ENPIIGHT'S 

NKW IMPROVED 

Patent .Straw-Burning 

WITH 

PATENT WATER BRIDGE AND GRATES 

All kinds of second-hand Portable Engines (Straw and 
Wood Burning) for sale and to rent on reasonable terms. 
Address, 

JOSEPH ENRIGHT, 

San Jose, Cal. 



GREATLY REDUCED. 

STOCKTON Agricultural Warehouse and 
Glohe Foundry. Office and sales warehouse, 
N. W. cor. Market and El Dorado Sts., Stockton. 

The Stockton Improved Gang Plows, 

Wholesale and retail; over 10,000 in use, and warranted; re 
versiblepointsand extras. Studcbaker Wagons.Buggiesand 
Carriages; Osborne Mowers and Harvesters; Barbed Wire; 
all kindsCylinder and Journal Oils; Farmers' implements. 

JOHN CAINE, 
(Box 95. Globe Iron Works, Stockton. 



MISSION ROCK DOCK 
GRAIN WAREHOUSE, 

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 

7K OHO T0NS CAPACITY. 7K ooo 
I U,UUU Storage at lowest rates. ' °> vyww 

CHARLES H, SINCLAIR, Supt. 
HAL. 11KV DUIJK CO.. HrOD'rS— Office 818 Cal. St. rm. S 



California Inventors 



should com mi 
DEWEY&CO 
America; 

andForkion Patent Solicitors, for obtaining Patent 
and Caveats. Established in 1860. Their long experience as 
journalists and large practice as Patent attorneys enablei 
them to offer Pacific Coast Inventors far better survice than 
they can obtain elsewhere. Send for free circulars of info; 
uiation. Olttceof the Miving and Scientific Press and 
Pacific Rural Press, No 252 Market S t , S. F. Elevator 
1'.' Front St. 



• WINE. 



JONESA POLAND CHINA FARM. 




ELLAS GALLUP, Hanford Tulare, Co., Cal. 

Breeder of pure-bred Poland China Pigs of the Black 
Beauty, Black Bess, Bismarck, and other noted families. 
1 n ported boars King of Bonny View and Gold Dust at head 
of the herd. Stock recorded in A. P. C. R. Pigs sold at 
reasonable rates. Correspondence solicited. Address as above 




THOROUGHBRED BERKSHIRE PIGS. 

1 have now on hand, and offer for sale at reasonable 
prices, at my stock farm, Oak Grove, San Mateo Co., a 
choice lot of pure Berkshire Pigs from two to twelve 
months old, bred from the best strains of Premium 
stc^k win in I import yearly frcra England direct. 

Applj to WM. CORBITT, 

218 California St., San Francisco. 




For Sale at our Farm at Mountain View 

From our Thoroughbred Berkshire Boar and Sow, 
which we imported from England in 1880. Pigs from Im- 
ported Boar and Sow, S2.'. each; from Imported Boar and 
Thoroughbred Sow, $10 to *20. Our Imported Pigs are as 
nice Pigs as there are in the State. Address : 

I. .1. TRUMAN, San Francisco, Cal. 

BERKSHIRE^ 

Nice Lot of Young Thoroughbreds 
POH SALE. 

DAMS From Truman's Imported Stock. 

SIRE ISAAC, winner of 1st prize at last State Fair. 

A. L. SOBEY, 



Apply to 



2T4S Mission St.. S. P., or Los Catos, Cal, 



HI ■ iilfi 4GENTS WANTED FOR AU- 

li I A I AIL thrntic edit! Ills lite Pub- 

III HI 111 lism '' 1 :,t A,, X" s t», his home. 
ULnilliai Largest, handsomest, cheapest, 
best. By the renowned historian and biographer, Col. 
Con well, whose life of Garfield, published by us, outsold 
the twenty Others bj 00,000. Outsells every book ever 
published in this world; many agents are selling fiftj 
daily. Agents are making fortunes. All new beginners 
successful; grand chance for them; $43.50 made by a lady 
agent the first day. Terms most liberal. Particulars 
free. Better send 26 cents for postage, etc., on free out 
fit, now ready, including large prospectus book, and save 
\ aluable time. 

ALLEN & CO., 

Augusta, Maine 



RED CLOVERI 

Nkkdiiam's Kkd Clovrr 
Blossoms, and extracts pre- 
pared from the blossoms ure 
Cancer, Salt Rheum and all 
diseases arising from an impure 
state of the blood. It will also 
clear the complexion of all 
pimples, eruptions, etc. Is a 
sure cure for Constipation 
Piles and many other diseases 
Is hot laxat ve and tonio. For full particulars, address 
W. C. NEEDHAM, Box 422. San Jose, Cal. Residenci- 
es 7 Third Str«et 




THE DAVIS IRON WAGON. 

□3. SOOTT «*s GO . 

Proprietors for the Pac ific' Coast, 
P. O. Box 293, - - .Sacramento Cal 

La France Steam Fire Engine, 

HAYES' FIRK TRUCK, 
/tarclrculars forwarded free to any address. 



HENLKY'S CHALLF.NO K ROLLER SKATE 

The Latest and Best, and Most Com- 
plete Scientific SKATE in the Market. 
Patented Oct. 10, 1880, and Aug. 2:t, 1881. 

Improved Aug., 1 S83. 

Liberal Terms 10 the Trade. 

For Prices and Catalogue, 
inclose 8 cent stamp, 
mentioning Youth'* 
Cnmpan ion, to M. ('. 
Henley, Patentee 
and Manufacturer 
Richmond, In<l 




International Patent Bureau, 

WM. A. BELL. Manager, 

No. 507 Montgomery Street, 
San Francisco, Cal. 

PATENTS SOLD AND PLACED ON ROYALTY 

Throughout the U. S. , Canada and Europe. 
Foreign 1 nin e International Patent Bureau, 

0. DITTMAK, Ma.iager, Berlin, Germany. 



A ~X FTVR/Q 

IMPROVED INCUBATOR! 




A Nest of Jumbo Hens, showing the Method 
of Coupling 8 Baby Machines to 
One Heater. 

Regulated without electric batteries, springs, weights 
or clockwork that other machines have. The most simple 
and complete regulator in the market. NEVER BEATEN 
in competition. 

First to use electricity ind first to abandon it. Making 
the LARCSE3T HATCH ever known 101 chicks from 102 
eggs. Second-hand machine, 179 chicks from ISO eergs. 

Price Jumbo Baby, 12 do/, eggs, $37.50; double Baby, 
24 doz. eggs, §05; 400-egg machine, $85. Machine may 
be seen running at Woodward's Garden, hatching every 
Sunday. jgTSuid for circular. Address 

I P. CLARKE, 
California Poultry Farm, Mayfield, or 630 Howard St.,S. F. 



PETALUMA 

INCUBATOR. 

SKl.F-REOULATINO. 

Gold Medal, Silver Me- 
dal, and 11 First Premiums over 
others. Hatches all hinds 
of Fgg:s. 

AUsizcs. Prices from S12 up. Satisfaction guaranteed. 
Address, PETALUMA INCUBATOR CO., Petaluma, Cal. 
4®"Scnd for Circulars. Circulars Free. la 





J M. HALSTED'S 

Self-Regulating 

INCUBATORS. 

From $30 up. Send 
for descriptive price list. 
Thoroughbred i'oultry 
and Kggg. 

1011 Broadway, 

Oakland. Cal 



PoJtl^Y, Eye. 

IMPERIAL EGG FOOD 




TRADE MARK 

WILL MAKE YOUR HENS LAY ! 

Keeps Fowl in the Best Condition, and 
makes Poultry the most Profitable 
Stock on the Farm. 

The Imperial Egg Food is now used in ever} part of the 
United States, and its sale on this Coast is simply won- 
derful, our order book show ing that every customer con- 
tinues to order, w hile c\ orj letter received is a testimo- 
nial for the Imperial. 

Unscrupulous persons are endeavoring to put upon the 
market a poor imitation of the IMPERIAL under a name 
so similar as to be mistaken for it, and we take this means 
of cautioning our numerous customers t..> sec that thev 
get the GENUINE; see that TRADE Mark is on eves} 
package. 

Retail Price of Imperial Egg Food -1-pound 
package, 50 cents; 2J-pOUnd package, *1 ; 6-pound box, $2; 
26-pound keg, $6.25. Sold by the trade generally, or 
Address C. C. WICKSON &. CO., 

Removed to s:iu Market St., s. F. 



PILES ! PILES ! A SPECIALTY ! 



an Francisco. Hemorrhoids (Piles) and 
diseases of the rectum successfully treated w [fehout knife 
or ligature, etc. By permission refer to the following 
patients: .1. O. .Icphson, 76!) Market St.; .1. W. Kile), 
252 Market St.; Edward Martin, 108 Front St., ami mam 
others. From Capt. Chas. E. Shillahcr, Cordelia, Solano 
county, Cal. : 

Dr. J. W. F. Hartley, San Francisco— Dear Sir; Die 
my > ame in print or any other way. Will cheerfully re- 
ply by letter to any sufferer inquiring of me. Your treat 
ment of my case was remarkable. While under your care 
I did not suffer as much pain altogether as I did in one 
hour with the fistula. Yours very gratefully- -CllABLia 
R. Sun. 1 1 1 i. 



DEDERICK'S HAY PRESSES. 



the customer 
keeping the one 
that suits 




Order on trial, address tor circular and location of 
Western and Southern Storehouses and Agents. 
P. K. DEDERICK 6. CO., Albany, N. Y. 



50 



Elegant Satin Cards, name on. 10c; Present with ?■ 
pucks, Sue. -■ETNA PHfNTINO CO., Northford.Ct. 



1)0 



PA6IFI6 r^URAL PRESS. 



[July 19, 1884 



jS.H. fflARKET^EfOi^T 



Noit. uui .p.. are for Wednesday, not Saturda) 

the date which the paper bears. 



Weekly Market Review. 

DOMESTIC PRODUCE. ETC 

San Fkancisco, July 10, 1884. 

Wheat v.tlues are improving a little and a better 
dispo c itiort to invest is discernible in sympathy with 
better advices from abroad. Other articles of prod- 
uce are steady and general!) unchanged. 

The latest from abroad is the following: 

Liverpooi , July i6lh. — Wheat, firmly held. 
California spot lots, 7s 6d to 7s od. Cargo lots. 38s. 
for off coast, 41s for just shipped, and 40s for nearly 
due. Cargoes off coast and on passage are firm. 
Mark Lane Wheat i* firmer and Maize quiet. En- 
glish country markets are dearer, and French tteady. 
Wheat and Flour in Paris are quiet. Unsettled 
weather in England. 

BAGS— Calcutta Wheat, ;t«7V 4 / c; California Jute, 
7*jc; Potatoe Gunnies, n(oii2C. 

BARLEY— Barley is unchanged. The call mar- 
ket is very dull. Sales at ritis were: Buyer sea- 
son — 200, 92c. Buyer '84 — too, 88c. Seller '84 — 
100, 79MC. N'o sales at 2 o'clock. 

BEAN'S— Bean prices are the same as lust week. 
The demand is good and supplies are being worked 
off well. 

CORN— Corn is neglected and about aHc fc? ctl. 
lower than las' week. Very little Corn seems to be 
needed at present. 

DAIRY PRODUCE— Butter is in larger supply, 
and quiet this week. Prices are unchanged. Cheese 
is steady at former prices. 

EGGS.— Large lots of Eggs are coming in by rail 
(rom I' tah and beyond. Express Eggs, from Utah 
sell well, at 28ft 30c p* doz. Freight Eggs art- 
cheaper but few now in. California Eggs are IC f 
doz. lower this week. 

FEED— Hay arrivals are in bettei condition, and 
poor hay is not so abundant. It is neglected at 
*4<S$5 f^r ,on - The general range for wheal and 
wild oat is $i5(<i$i6; stable, $i2@$i4; cow, $to(.< 
$12 per ton. Brail i higher, the rate being $16(0 
417 per ton. 

FRESH M FAT— Mutton is in moderate supply 
and firm. Lamb is higher, and arrivals are not in 
very good order. Beef is in fair supply. Hogs 
come forward slowly. Prices are given in our table. 

FRU IT— Supplies are rapidly increasing. Plums 
are selling at 25c $ basket Figs hav e been in large 
excess and some lost. Raspberries and Strawberries 
are coming in slowly, but blickberries are in large 
supply, so are apples, peaches, apricots and pears. 
Rates to-day may be found in our lable. 

HOPS— Hops are being talked off a little this 
week, as New York dispatches seem to be in buyers 
favor. Some contracts are said to be made at 25(7; 
27 He., by those who wish to realize, but growers 
generally do not concede the point. Of course af- 
fairs will be without basis until the crop comes in 

OATS — A few oats are arriving. The market is 
unchanged and quiet. 

ONIONS— Onions are abundant and very low. 

POTATOES A reduction of 10 to 35c. per ctl. 
lias been made on different sorts. Early Rose have 
suffered most severely. 

PRO\'ISIONS--Hams are selling better a sym. 
pathy with improvement at the East. Other cured 
meats are unchanged. 

POULTRY AND GAME Ducks are dull. Hens 
and Roosters are higher, owing to the light arrivals. 
Other kinds are unchanged. 

VII I 1 \F.LLS — I here are large quantity of 
rhubarb, tomatoes, cucumbers and summer squash. 
' orn is also abundant. Our list shows good many 
changes all in the way of reduced values. 

WHEAT — Business is gradually becoming more 
lively. Exporters are preparing to extend operations 
in the shipping line, being somewhat more encour- 
aged from advices abroad. No. 1 grades are quot- 
able at $t.35<<! $t 37M b«ctl. Milling parcels change 
hands at higher figure., though $1.47 % is considered 
the top limit. Call trading this morning was not 
quick. Sales were as follows: Buyer srason — too 
tons, $1.47!^, Buyer season, city— 200 tons, $1.47; 
100,91.47'.-. Buyer 1884. city — too tons, $1.42^. 
Buyer 1884, after August tst, city — 200 tons. $1.42. 
Seller 1884— 100 tons, $1.37 fc> ctl. Afternoon call 
sales were: Buyer season, city — too tons, $1.47'/,. 
Seller 1884 — 100 tons, $1.36; 200, $1.35^ $ ctl. 

WOOL— The trade is reported very dull and dis- 
heartening and buyers seemingly disinclined to 
operate at any price. Warehouses here are full and 
eastern advices are unfavorable. 

Eastern Wool Markets 

NEW York. July 14. — The distribution of slock 
towards consumptive outlets does not take any lib- 
eral form or become much quicker. Indeed, con- 



ment of new wool leading to such a result, and cits 
tomers who stood off at the turn of the month an- 
still failing to show interest enough to handle more 
than sample bales, etc. They feel that there is n 
danger of a scarcity, either as to supply orassortmen 
whenever they may feel greater necessity for operat 
ing, and that nothing can be lost in allowing re 
ceivers to carry the stock ahead) complained of a 
somewhat excessive. Indeed, reports generally arf 
as bad as at any time this season and there does no 
appear to be any indication of a turn for the better, 
Valuations are to a greater extent nominal -on all 
grades. Advices from the country speak of the dull 
unsatisfactory condition of trade and growers are 
becoming more anxious to dispose of their clips 
Sales include 30,000 pounds spring California 
3,000 fall, on private terms. 

Boston, July 15. — Wool in moderate demand 
Ohio and Pennsylvania extras. 32(235; Michigan 
fleeces, 30; "ombing and delaine, 33ft' 38; pulled 
2S@3 7 . 

Philadelphia, July 15. — Wool steady, more de 

mand; Ohio, Pennsylvania medium, ' 33(5/ 34, New 
York, Michigan, Indiana and Western fine, 29(1130 
medium, 32(0' 34; Oregon fine and coarse, 16(021 
pulled extra merino, 28@3C 

Freights and Charters. 

The following is a summary of the engaged and 
di iengaged tonnage at this and adjacent ports, and 
o 1 the way to this port yesterday morning: 

1884. 

k. 'imaged tons in port 48,14n 

disengaged 181,080 

On the way • 251,705 



1SS3. 
IIO.llu 

ss.oec 

•279.2SO 



Tota's 439,018 3«44,4/i 

Increa.se ?6,5flfi 

Tons under engagement to load Wheat. . > '. '■•■ • 

Increase JI.860 



1 ,.|U.". 



Includes 2o,27S< tons (or YVthninirton, and . oast port 
against 10.553 tons last year. 

There were 27 vessels under engagement at this 
port to load wheat, all being for new crop loading. 
There are 84 disengaged vessels at this port and one 
it a neighboring port. The engaged and ilisen 
gaged tonnage as above, has a wheat-carrying ca 
parity for 265,950 short tons, against a capacity for 
•74 450 tons on the corresponding date last year, be 
ing an increase of 91,500 tons. The bid and ask- 
ing rates for wheat cargoes were reported as follows: 

Bid. Asked. 

Iron— Liverpool direct (Aral 

Iron— Cork for orders to United Kingdom. . 40s od 4.1s Od 

Iron Cork or Continent 

Vood — Liverpool direct 't.'is ltd 

•Vood— Cork for orders to United Kingdom. S7a <i I 

Wood — Cork or Continent 42s 6VI 

Eastern Grain and Provision Markets. 

CHICAGO, July 15.— Wheat 83^ asked August, 
84 '» September. Corn $jV, July, 52^ August. 
Oats. 29 ' 4 July, 26 " 9 August. Rye. nj};-. Barley, 
62@6± Pork, J3 50 July. Lard, August advanced 
2)4; closed 7 05. Bulk meats quit-t; shoulders, 5 90; 
short ribs, 7 50; short clear, 8 00. 

New York Hop Trade. 

New York, July 14. — No material change. Bus- 
iness moderate. The demand for all sources is 
w ithout improvement. A small parcel of choice sold 
for 32 cents, but a fair-sized lot or two went at 30 
cents, and the latter seemed all that could he ob- 
tained on the market. There was nothing new in 
cable advices from abroad. Pacific coast, crop of 
1883, fair to prime, 23 K cents. 

Foreism Review. 

London, July 14.— The Mark /./>/,■ /■ 1/ 
weekly review of the British grain trade says: The 
thunderstorms prevalent during the week have gen- 
erally favored the crops. There are no fresh failures 
in the market. Yaltics are slightly weaker. The 
sales of English wheat for the week foot up 26,607 
quarters at 36s 9d per quarter. The trade in foreign 
wheat is very dull, and the market is decidedly 
weaker, especially for American. The supply is be- 
coming oppressive. 'The off coast trade is largely 
supplied. A fair business was done at lower rates. 
There were 46 arrivals and 19 sales; 12 were with- 
drawn and 16 remained. There are 20 cargoes now 
due. Flour is dull. Maize is quiet and unchanged. 
Barley is easier. 

Fruits and Vegetables. 

WHOI.EHALK. 

Wei.neskav. Jul] K, 1884 
FRUIT MAKKKT Dates 



Apples, box 40 (a 1 •_>.-, 

Apricots, 1h>x . . 40 i" 75 
Bananas, bunch. 2 00 Iff J 50 
Blackberries cut. 3 50 @ 5 00 
CalitelotllKM. dz 4 00 <* S 00 

Cherries box 50 iff 75 

Cherry plums... 50 Ca 75 
Cocoauuts, 100. . 6 00 V 7 00 

Crabapples 50 (ff 

Cranberries, bbl 17 00 (<?18 00 
Currants. flheal . . 1 la 3 -. r < 

Figs, box 25 i« 85 

( iooseberries 4 ta 6 

do Kb gush.... 6 A 10 

(trapes, box 2 50 l« — 

Limes, Mex f 00 (BlO M 

do Cal., box.. 1 25 (or 2 00 
Lemons, (Jal , bi 1 50 § 8 U 
do Hicily, box 7 00 H 00 
do Australian. — w — 
Oranges, Cal , bi 2 50 t« 3 BO 
do Tahiti M 20 00 <a 22 50 
do Mexican... 20 00 (a 22 50 
do Panama ... — — 
Peaches box. .. 75 (ff SO 

do bask 40 iff 65 

do Crawford . . H5 iff 1 00 

Pears, box 40 (ft 85 

do Baraatt . . 1 00 a 1 75 

Pineapples, doz. 8 00 (<* 
Plums bo 



30 1 
25 m 
65 I 



7 Ctt 
4 <a> 

lata 
11 Iff 

15 (<* 

7 at 
■ M 
■j «r 



Figs, pressed 

do loose 

Nectarines 

Peaches 

do pared 

Pears, sliced 

do whole.... 

Plums 

do pitted 

Prunes B 

Raisins, Cal. bx. 1 25 

do halves — <j 

do quarters.. - . 
do eighths... — 6 
Zautc Currants. 8 iS 
VEGETABLES 
Artichokes, doz. 10 4 
Asparagus box.. — 6 

Beets, ctl 75 i 

Cabbage, 100 lbs. 



u 

1 50 



Carrots, sk 25 1 



CauliBower, do 



50 1 



Celery, doz 50 

Cuciunliers, box. 25 & 

Eggplant lb 10 iff 

liarlic, lb 

:rei-i> cum '1../ . 

do iici. 1. ate... 

(ireen Peas 

do sweet 

Lettuce, doz — 
Mushrooms, tb ... 
Okra. lb. 



do bask . 
Prunes, bkt 

1 Raspberries, cht 00 iff 8 00 Parsnips, ctl.. 
sumption is shm and lacks positive stimulus and the | strawberries, cli 5 00 <S 8 00 Peppers, box.!. 

Watermelons I do Chile. 



10 



movements of buyers are correspondingly slow and 
careful, w ith negotiations generally to be found ex- 
tended and drawn out over a much longer timr 
than is usu .lly occupied in handling small amounts. 
There is probably a little less doing than for some 
time past, growing accumulations and the assorl- 



4 00 (3 : 

DRIED FRCIT 

Apples, sliced, lb 8 @ 

do evaporated. 12 (ft 

do quartered .. 7J@ 

Apricots 1'. 

Blackberries ... 15 (g 

Citron 28 ■ 



(Xi Rhubarb box. 



15 

I 00 A 1 16 

1 00 & 1 50 

18 61 20 

25 @ 

Squash, Marrow 

9 tat, ton 10 00 & 15 00 

13 do Summer, bx, 35 iat 
»* Tomatoes, box . ^ (ff 1 00 
19 Turnips, ctl.... SOW 60 
- String Beana. .. 1 @ I 
30| do Wax 2 § 2, 



Domestic Produoe. 



WHOLESALE 

Wednesday. July 16, 1884. 
BEANS AND PEAS. NUTS— Jobbing. 

Bayo, ctl 4 75 ,.r 5 uO Walnuts. Cal. ft 7 GO 



Butter 3 25 Iff 3 50 

Castor .•. 4 00 <cf — 

Pea 2 75 (g - 

Red 5 00« 

Pink — @ 4 75 

Large White ... 3 00 @ - 
Small White.... 2 75 i - 

Lima 2 60 ■ 2 75 

F.i Peas,blk eye - 'ff 

do green 4 00 w 

BROOM CORN. 

Southern 3 @ 

Northern 4 & 

CHICCORY. 

California 4 @ 

(terman 6J<oc 



do Chile.. 7i(U 

Almonds. hdshL 6 <j} 

Soft .-0.-H 11 & 

Brazil 14 W 

Pecans 14 iff) 

Peanuts g w 

FllberU 14 W 

POTATOES. 



— iNeir, *ji tb. . 



1 (ft 



4 50 Early Rose 5n (a 



DAIRY PRODUC 

BITTER. 

Cal fresh roll, lb. 21® 

do Fancy br'uds 24 (« 

Pickle roll 25 (ff) 

Firkin, new 22 (g> 

Eastern. 17 (U 

New York — @ 

Cli EL.SE 

Cheese, Cal , tb.. 10 @ 

EliUH. 

Cal . ranch, doz.. 32 @ 

do, store @ 

Ducks . ' ,11 

Oregon — 

Eastern, by ex . . 2S S 

Pickled here.... — ■ 

Utah 28 

FEED. 



ETC 



Petal uma.. 
3i Tomales 

6 Humboldt 

! do Kidney.... 

41 do Peachblow. 

7 Jersey Blue. 



Chile vu 10 

do Oregon ... (* 

23 Peerlesa. 90 

2'o Salt Lake W 

27* Sweet - § - 

25 POULTRY AND GAME 

20 Hens, doz. 8 00 <g 9 50 

Roosters 7 50 IfflO 00 

Broilers 3 00 ta 5 5o 

111 Ducks, tame 4 50 <g 6 50 

I do. Teal ■< 

34 do. Mallard .. - W - 

30 'Geese, pair IV (ft M 

M Wild Gray, doz 3 00 S 3 50 
I White do... 1 50 <a — 

27MTurkeys, lb 20 S 

— do Dressed . . @ 
311 ] Turkey Feathers, 

1 tail and wing 10 @ 

Bran, ton 16 11O (317 uo Sulne, Eug . doz. 2 50 W 3 00 

Corumeal 34 00 KM. 00 ' do Coui.uou , J (0 # 1 50 

Hay 7 00 (fflii 00 .tjuail 1 75 W 2 00 

Middlings IS 00 iffjli no Rabbits 1 50 W 1 75 

Oil Cake Meal.. 26 50 (ff30 00 Hart- 
Straw, bale 45 (0 55 Venison 

FLOUR 



THE PACIFIC INCUBATOR! 

HATCHES EGGS 

.... BETTER .... 

Than A Hen. 

... .THE 

Simplest, 
Cheapest. 
And Best 

Machine 

IN THE MARKET. 

Il.l.l BTRATr.U ClR( tT.AH tO 

GEO. B. BAYLEY, Manufacturer, 

1317 Castro St. Oakland, Cal. 
N B. A large line of Galvanized Wire 
Netting for Sale at the Lowest Kates- 




S3 



SO 



Extra, City Mills 5 00 @ 5 30 
do Co'utry Mills 4 55 iff 5 00 

Supertiue 3 00 (a 4 50 

FRESH MEAT 
Beef, 1st qual , lb s git - 

Second 

Third 

Mutton 

Spring Lamb . 
Pork, uudre.-i.sed. 

Dressed 

Veal _ 

GRAIN. ETC 
Barley, feed. ctl. 80 ® 85 
do Brewing.. 90 <a *7\ 

Chevalier @ 

do Coast . . 1 v) (a 1 05 

Buckwheat 3 50 fi 4 uO 

Com. White.... 1 55 (ft 1 60 

Yellow 1 57}'ff I i'-" 

Small Round. 1 ..: ... — 
Oats, choice .... 1 65 I 

do No 1 1 50 »i I 60 Mustard, white.. 3 

Io No. 2 1 30 in 1 45 Brown 3 

1 30 iff I 35 Rape 3 

00 •" M Ky Blue Grass 20 

1 :ri«» 1 40 2d quality 16 

Sweet V Grass. 75 

Orchard 20 

Red Top 15 



13 



10 (a 
PROVISIONS. 
Cal Bacon, 

Heavy, It. 12;® 

Medium 12i'@ 

Light 14 (0 

Lard IS 

Cal Smoked Beef 14 S 

Shoulders 9l«» 

Hams, Cal 14 % 

do Eastern 16 (<T 
SEEDS 




Alfalfa 

do Chile 

Canary 5 

Clover red 14 

White 45 

Cotton SO 

Flaxseed Si 

Hemp 3i 

Italian RyeGrass 26 

Perennial .... 26 

Millet, German.. 10 

do Common. 7 



Io hlack 

Rye 

Wheat, No L. 

do No. S. . 

Choice milling 1 45 (a I 50 
HIDES 

Dry 16J@ 18 

Wet suited 7 (« lot 

HONEY. ETC 

Beeswax, lb 25 (d 27 i 

Honey in comb, 15 (ff 
Extracted, light. 6 <§ 
do dark 5 ($» 
Hops 

Oregon -- (nf 

California 25 ftj 

Wash Ter g 

Old Hops - @ 

ONIONS 

Red 25 & 

Silv. rskin, 50 .ff 



set 



Hungarian. 
Lawn . 



Mesqult 10 I 



16 



Timothy 

TALLOW. " 

■ ! I 'rude, lb 6J@ 

Reriued Si® 

WOOL. ETC 
hpkimi 1884. 
.m South'n dc-rtive 12 «t 

— do choice 18 iff 

- Mac. * Foothill. 14 iff 
.Northern 17 $ 

:t r . Htmib'tii Meu.l SO fl 
Hi Eastern Oregon I.', iff 




NATURAL MINERAL SPRING 

THK CASTA I.I AN It uncqualeil as a Blood Part- 
Mr. W e tun furnish abundant proof as to it» merits for 
Rheumatism, Catarrh, and Indigestion; also, ln-e..-. - of 
the Skip, Kidneys and Urinary Orgmua. For Inflamma- 
tions Scalds, Burns, or Poison Oak it has only to be tried 
to afford immediate relief. For Circulars containing 
Testimonials and full information, address 

FORBES St DAVENPORT, Sole A(ti., 
S. W. .or. Fourth and Market St*., San Francisco. <l»l 

HOPS 

A SPECIALTY. 



J. T. COCHRAN & CO.. 

GENERAL 

Cofflmission Merchants. 



HALL'S 



LIBERAL ADVANCES 
Made on Consignments. 

302 California Street. 



u u t enjoyed 
yes weak or In 



and Iodide of Potass. 

The Bent Blood Purifier and Tonic Alterative in use. 
It quickly cures all diseases originating from a disordered 
state of the blood or liver. Rheumatism, Neuralgia, 
Boil«. Blotches, Pimples, Scrotal*, 4 tout., nropav, Tu- 
ninis, Salt Rheum and Mcn urial Pains readily yield to 
purifying proi'irtiis It leaves the blood pun-, the 
ar mid kidneys hc-althv, the complexion bright and 
lear. FOR S*T,E BV ALL ORI GCISTS. 

J. K GATES <Sc OO., Proprietors. 

417 SanfOUie St., San Francisco, Cal* 



SAN FRANCISCO. 

GOOD EYESIGHT 1 

l>y rvcrv <Mit An- y-mi 
liaiiied: have you ovemtraiiie<l tbein iji 
reatliug or writhur, hare the eyelids be 
com* BwnlleoT trr MOI HKK C'ARY M 
BYE WATER, which u«»t re.|uire 

to I- <lUutetl, hut U refreshing and 
soothing the iustaut it is applied, and 
does not ttmart like other preitaratlonn. 
If your eyelids arc stuck together In th<- 
uioruing, this Rye Water will retiere you 
A U>x of Salfe for the eyelitls contained 
In each package of Kye Water. The greatest discorery of 
the age for the relief of the eyes .Price 25 ceuU per package 
All druggist* and country store* can obtain it for you 
Packed by MRS. CRACK t!ARY, <£au FraucU. ... "Mother 
Cary's" preparatfoiu are now for sale over the entire coast. 

Lost Papers. 

If any siibHcribi-r fail- to receive this paper promptly, 
after uuiking due inquiries at the l'ostofflce, be is urgently 
requested to notify tbiB office )>\ li tter, that we may send 
the missing; papers, ami, if possible, g^uard agminst further 
i regularities 




INSURE YOUR GROWING GRAIN 



CROPS 



IN THE FIREMAN'S FUND OF CALIFORNIA. 



July 19, 1884.] 



PA<3IFI(B F?URAL PRESS, 



List of U. S. Patents for Pacific Coast 
Inventors. 

[from the official lief, of U. H. Patents In Dswav & Co.'s 
■CQOrAnO PFBSi Patbkt Aobncy, 262 Market St., 9. F. 



PACIFIC COAST WEATHER FOR THE WEEK. 

[Furnished for publication in thin paper by Wbmou GonoM, Sergeant Signal Service Corps, U. S. A.) 



iur Week endinc July i, 1884. 

Jol,20.L — I'AI'SK OK LUTTHK I' ILL— W ill. R 

Berry, Napa. 

301,222.— Sulphur Refining Apparatus— V. 
Ihckert, Salt Lake City. 

501,364. — £)reix;in(j Machine— Win, Harwood, 
Oakland, 

301.251. — Flour Bolt Cleaner— A. K ofasc, 
South Vallejo. 

301.252. — Alarm Lock— A. I*'. McCollam, Fair 
Play. 

301,254.— Drag Saw — McFarlin & rium, Ono, 
Cat 

.,30<.,j8j. AoHicultural Implement — T. H. 
Meinhard, S. F; 

301,149.— Mixed Paint— 11. C. Petty,' Vallejo, 
Cal. 

301,285.— Oyster Culture -C. Sehmitz, b. K. 

301.396. — Furnitv RE Caster— Scolley & Frick, 
S. F. 

301. 397. — Plow- (..'. H. Stearic Pleasantoii. 
15,118,— Badge IIesign— G H. banian, S, F. 

(jqfc H'EEk fcSlDtfJO Jul* 8; tstM. 

ibi.w.— AmalI: \MATOk— A. C. BWctii Mithi 
fcaii Bfifff: Cal. 

$i,$ei.— LRlsiUATfc Tbt— a S. Biitler, Los 
Oatos, Cal, , , 

301,562.— Prismatic Toy— S. s. Butler, Lcf'S 

Gatos, Cal. 

301,605. — Metallic Pa< king— Thos. Johtib, 
The Dalles, Or. 

301,611. — Change Gate i-or Cars— F. O. 
1 andgrane, S. F. 

jot, 619.— Amalgamator— P. MtKlligutt, Heai 
Valley, Cal. 

301,746.— Paddle Wheel — A. s. Morrison, 

Portland, Or. 

jet, 828.— saw Mill Se-i Works— A. A. Osbortt, 
81 Ki 

301,629.— GhAPh Crusher, Etc.— P. Sainseviatl, 
San Jose, Cal: 
301,757V— ScArf ReTAIRER— ), Sandilands. S. V, 
301,765.— Hod Ikon— A. J. Splter, Portland, Or. 

301,652. — WHIFl LEtREE AND l'KA' E HflLDEF — 

(j. O. Wickson, S, F. 

■(01.653.— Fishing Machine— 1'. F. Wlllianjs, 
t ascade, Or. 

Notk. -Copies of 1\ X. and Foreign Patents furnished 
by Pkwhv * Co., in the shortest time possible (bv tele- 
graph or otherwise,) at the lowest rates. All patent 
business for Pacific coast inventors transacted with per- 
feet security and the shortest possible time. 



NOW READY! 

L. O. EMERSON'S NEW BOOK 

Choral Worship! 

. ... Foil ... . 

Choirs, Singing Classes, and Musical Con- 
ventions. 

Full Church Music Book size Price $1.00. 

I HllftAL WORSHIP h*s820pages 

CHORAIj WOHSHir has 100 panes of Elements, 

Exorcises, Easy and Graded Songs in one, two, or niori 

parts, Glees, etc. A good variety. 
liHORAI, WORSHIP has 7 c pages "I the besl 

Metrical Tunes. 
CHORAL WORSHIP has 11" pages ol the finest 

Anthems, Motets, Sentences, etc., for Choir use. 
I HOR Vl, WORSHIP has :d pages ot miscellaneous 

matter, including good material for Concert Singing 

ami for training the voice. 

On the whole, Chora] Worship is book for the 
limes, appearing as Chorus, Choir and Choral singing is 
again comi-g in favor, and creating a demand for just 
what this book supplies— in the best way. 

Send $1 for Specimen Copy. 

SONG WORSHIP (just out) is a Sunday School 
Song Book of the greatest promise, by Emerson and Sher- 
win. Send 25 cents for one specimen copy. 

OLIVER DITSON & CO., Boston. 

C. H. DITSON & CO., - - S67 Broadway, New York 



INDIANAPOLIS 

CHAIR MANUFACTURING CO, 



This old and reliable firm is no« located at their 
New Building, 

Number 750 Mission Slreef, Sim H'rancisCO. 

This immense structure is !i0xl60 feet, four stories and 
basement. The first and second stories an- used as sale- 
rooms for a new and select class of goods of latest design 
and patterns. Parties wishing to furnish a house w ill save 
from 15 to 25 per cent by purchasing their goods here. 



DATE. 

.luij '9 July 16. 


Portland. 


Red Bluff 


Sacramento. 


S . Francisco. 


Loa Angeles 


San Diego 


g 
d 


Temp | 


Wind | 


Weather.. J 






Wind | 


Weather . . 


? 

fT 


Temp .... 


4 

- 

a. 


4 

n 

9 

a 


g 
3' 


Temp 


Wind 


1 Weather.. 


H 
5' 


j Temp 


| Wind 


j Weather.. 




I Temp 




1 Weather.. 




.00 


68 


E 


Fr 


.on 


95 


N 


Fr. 


.00 


85 


NW 


Fr. 


,nn 


82 


NW 


CI 


.00 


92 


W 


Ol. 


.00 


80 


W 


CI. 




.00 


71 


N 


Fr 


.00 


95 


s 


Fr. 


.00 


91 


S 


CI. 


.00 


71 


SW 


CI. 


.00 


88 


w 


OX 


.00 


80 


W 


OX 




,00 


71 


N 


CI 


.00 


93 


8 


CI. 


.00 


81 


SW 


CI 


.1X1 


68 


w 


Cy. 


.00 


84 


w 


CL 












.00 


"6 


Nt/v 


OL 


.00 


77 


s 


Fr. 


.00 


73 


s 


fid. 




63 


w 


Cy- 

Fr. 




80 


SW 


Ol 










Monday 


.00 


66 


sw 


Cy. 


.00 


82 


NW 


OL 


.uo 


73 


BW 


Fr. 


.00 


63 


BW 


.00 


84 


w 


CI 


.00 


73 


w 


01. 




00 


67 


N 


Cy. 


.00 


74 


fj 


Fr. 


.00 


71 


8 


Fr. 




66 


w 


Cy 


.00 


80 


w 


CI. 


.00 


73 


w 


CI 


Wednesday .... 




66 


s 


Cy. 


.on 


82 


N 


(i 


00 


74 


W 


CI. 




65 


w 


01. 


.00 


84 


SW 


CL 


.00 


72 


w 


OL 


Totals 










.00 








on 




















.... 


(.... 


.00 










VENTILATED 

Rubber Boot 



WILL NOT SWEAT THE FEET 

WILL 

Keep the Feet Warm and 
Dry. 

Warranted to satisfy in all 
cases. "Ilaxc proved the best 
rubber boot I have ever worn. 
Thev do not sweat or tiro the feet."— Dr. W. L. McClcary, 
Washington. Pa. Hip Boots sent C. O. D., *6 50. 

E. T. ALLEN. Agent for Pacillc Coast, 
410 Market St., San Francisco. 



Oilt Edge Cards, elegantly printed, 10 ocrits. VAN 
BUSS UK * CO.. 78 Nassau St.New 90fk,*. Y. 



- ..Vic, ;., ' ' >,'"""?• ''. iau-. ry., loggy indicates too small to measure. Teui 

wind and weather at 11:58 A. m (San Francisco mean time), with amount of rainfall in the preceding 24 horn". 



HARVESTE RS' HEA DQUARTERS! 

THE NEW STOCKTON, 

WHEAT CLEANER, 




OVEIT. S30 I IV USB I3NT 0^3k.IjlaF'O3Fl3Xri A. ! 

57 Sold last Year and every one gave Perfect Satisfaction. 
CAPACITY- 180 Sacks per hour. Can be attached to any Thrashing Machine, 

Send for ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE and PRICE LIST. Address: 

L. G. THOMPSON, Stockton, Cal. 




Line of Pipe, Pipe Fillings, Brass Goods, Hose, Pomps, 

Is the Largest and Most Complete. 




Al.TdOUSE WlMiMIl l. A Perfect SeU- 

Kegulator. 

Wc guarantee our Improved Mills to run in the lightest 
winds, a- d not to blow down in the most severe gale. 

Its chief points of merit are: Its ability to take care 
of itself in the severest gale, being so arranged that ho 
increase of wind increases its speed. The quality ol 
material used In its construction and the work- 
manship being the best. The simplicity of its ma- 
chinery renders it next to impossible to get, out ul 
order, doing awav with all expense after being elected. 

WHITE FOR SPECIAL PRICES. 



IIOI.DK.N STAR OIL STOVES. 

iMcr.i variety of cooking can be done as well On 
these stoves as on ;m\ coal or w ood stove. No kindling 
is required a match puts it in operation fire is ex- 
tinguished in a moment. 

In warm weather tlie\ cannot be excelled. 

Baking, Broiling, Stewing, Frying, Boiling, Toasting 
and every variety of cooking can be done on the Golden 
Star oil Stoves as well as on a coal or wood stove. 



•%,i%r a rp-pi-n We are prepared to quote SPECIAL PRICES. 

Send for Wholesale Discount Sheet 

WOODIN & LITTLE, ! S ° 9 ^ S1X ^^ancfcVcal 



DEWEY & CO. { 2 %™££?f.IA s s t F - } PATENT AG'TS. 




Trarlo Mark 

HORSE LINIMENT. 

Perfectly Wonderful how Quickly this 
Medicine Cures Flesh Wounds I 

The BEST SPAVINCURE in the Market 

No Farmer or Stock Raiser should be without it. I 
will guarantee it to do all I claim for it, and refund the 
money should it fail. 

LANGLY & MICHAELS, Wholesale Ag'ts, San Franciscc. 
For full particulars and special contr.icts, address 

JOHN R. WILLIAMS, 

Stockton, Cal 




Adel's Patent Spring Shaft Driving Cart, 

The Spring Shaft does away with the disagreeable mo 
tion of the horse, and the open seat affords easv and safe 
access from the rear. It costs less to ship, Is Light, Xea* 
Stylish and easy riding. 

Three men with Adel's Grain Elevator pile up far ware- 
house, or field, 1,500 sacks in a day. Address: 

W. T. ADEL, 
City Carriage Factory, San Jose, Cal 



30 DAYS' TRIAL. 




I o i oung.old, rich orpoe 
both sexes. -stop drugging, 
and cure yourself with DK 
HORNE'S (New Improved' 
Electric Hell. Electricity i? 
Life, and a lor!, of It Is Dls 
ease and Death. Thousand 1 
testify to its priceless value 
80,000 cures reported In 1883, 
W hole family can ^ c:ir same licit. Cures wlthoiu tried! 
cine. Pains in the linek. Hips, Head or Limbs, Nervous 
Debility, Lumbago, General Debility, Rheumatism, Par 
alysls, Neuralgia. Sciatica, Disease ol Kidneys. Spina; 
Diseases. Torpid Liver. Gout, Asthma. Heart Disease. 
Dyspepsia, < onstlpation, Erysipelas, Indigestion, Run 
tore Catarrh, Plies, Epilepsy, Ague, Diabetes. Send itjurir 
for Pamphlei W. J. HOENE, 702 Market St., Sas Trav 
cisco, Cal. Inventor, Proprietor and Manufacturer. 

0mm, RUPTURE 




Positively c 

l>r. II, ,,■„.- 
Itell-Tru.a, 

teed the on! 
ting a contin 
nriii. Sclentlfll 
table and Effei 
iOO cured 



tred in on days by 

Elect rtt-MuirnctE* 

tombined. riuar.m 
one in the world 
ions El'-rtricct Mnfl 
. Powt rt'ul. Durable, 
curing Hup- 
nd forpainphlet 



ti 

i. Nei 



ELECTHO-MAIiNKTIC TRUSS COMPANY, 

70S yiAHKF.T STKKKT, SaN FRANCISCO. 



H. H. BROMLEY, 

Dealer in Leonard & Ellis Celebra'od 

.TRADE MARK. 



STEAM CYLINDER AND MACHINE OILS, 

The Be^t and Cheapest. 

These Superior Oils cannot be purchased through deal'r 
iid are sold direct to cumumer only by H. H. BROMLEY. 
,ole Healer in these goo s 

Reference— Any first-class Engine or Machine Builder iu 
America. Address. 43 s iiernnientn St.. s. I 



O'J lie BuYtrfcrf (ICIDE 1« to- 
sued Marcli and Sept., eaclj 
y«ar: 216 pages, 81 xllj 
inches, witli over J3,:JO<> 
illusti'ations— a whole pic- 
ttiro gullcry. Gives whole- 
■He prices direct to consumers on all goods 
for personal or family use. Tells how 
to order, and gives exact cost of every- 
thing you use, eat, drink, wear, or have 
fun with. These invaluahle books con- 
tain information gleaned from the mar- 
kets of the world. We will mail a copy 
Free to any address upon receipt of the 
postage— 7 cents. Let us hear from vou. 

Respectfully, 
MONTGOMERY WARD * CO- 

ta? * 229 Wobosh Avenue. t)lilon~o. 1IL 

CONCRETE BUILDINGS. 

SILOS AND RESERVOIRS. 
RANSOME, 402 Montgomery St., 9. F. Send for ClrculAts. 



5S 



pA<3IFi@ RURAL PRESS. 



[.Idly 12, 1884 



LATEST IMPROVED 

NASH & CUTTS 

GRAIN CLEANER. 




Manufactured only by 

H. D. NASH & CO., 

906 K Street, 
SACRAMENTO, - - CALIFORNIA. 
We Warrant our New Cleaner for 1884 

To DISCOUNT! any Cleaner now made. 

OUR NEW CHEAT SCREEN 

F .. r 1S84 is made of ZINC; will not clog or till up with 
wheat, tint always remain open. 

We still use our 

COMBINATION WHEAT GANG, 

Made of ZINC and ROLLED WIRE. Best thine ever 
usod for separating oats. Baki.ky. «'hkai , etc., 
from EITHER Wheat or Barley. 

ONLY PREMIUM tor CLEANER at State Fair 1883. 

Our Cleaner Cleans all Kinds of Grain or 
Seed. 

Three si/cs OB hand. Capacity . 6» to l!S bushels | rr 
hour. Prices, $30, $40 and $50. 

Address H. D. NASH & CO.. 

f»06 K Street. - ' - - - Sacramento, 
Only Manufacturers. 

STRAW AND WOOD BURNING 

PORTABXiB 

ThreshiDg Engines 

FOR SALE CHEAP. 

Manufacturers Of New atld dealers in Secondhand 

Boilers, Engines and Machinery 

OF EVERY VARIETY. 
. . Agents for the Sale of 

WILBRAHAM ROTARY PISTON PUMPS 

BOGGS AND CLARKE 

Hither of whirh forms i>- eminently adapted for 
irrigating pur|Kiscs. 

Proprietors of City Iron Works & Foundry. 

Xr. fjatalogusa and prices furnished n|ion application to 

JOSHUA HENDY MACHINE WORKS. 

Nos. 49 and 61 Fremont St.. 
.SAN FRANCISCO, .... CALIFORNIA. 

THE 

Pacific Carriage Factory. 




SEEDS 



ALBERT DICKINSON 

DEALER IN 

Timothy, Clcer, Flax, Hungarian, Millet, Red lop, 
Blue Gn::, Liwi Orns, Orchard Crass. Bird Cotdt, tc. 
POP CORN. 

WAKI Hol SI S _^„. 

.,S, ,„ & l.o Km*,. St. ° fflCe - 115 Kinzie St - 

104, 106, 108 & no Michigan St. CHICAGO. ILL. 



GEO. F. SILVESTER, 

IMPORTER. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN 



GARDEN 
SEEDS 



SEEDS! 



FLOWER 
SEEDS ! 



FRUIT AND EVERGREEN TREES, PLANTS, ETC. 

New Crop Alfalfa, Grass, and Clover Seeds now Arriving in Large Quantities and 
Offered in Lots to Suit Purchasers. 

Hedge Shears, Pruning and Budding Knives, Green-House Syringes, Etc. Also 

Wilson's Bone and Shell Mills and Hale's Mole Traps. 

SEED WAREHOUSE: 317 Washington St., San Francisco, Cal. 



NURSERY -A. 2ST ID SEEDSMAN, 

(Successor to D. TISCH) 
No. 479 Seventh St., bet. Broadway and Washington, Oakland, Cal. 

A FULL USE OF KKI IT. BBADE AND ORNAMENTAL TRICES ALWAYS ON HAND. SEEDS 
of all classes kept in stock. LAVING OUT OK GROUNDS a Specialty. Twenty-five years experience in 
Kngland and America. 



"VICTOR" WROUGHT IRON 

DOOR HANGER AND RAIL 

The above cut -hows 
the method of alt ien- 
(hg the improved VIC- 
■ • .it Dnot Hanger, the 
simplicity and practical 
application of which 
immediately commends 
itself to those who ha\ c 
suffered from the incon- 
veniences of the many 
pour appliances which 
have heen put on the 
market. The VICTOR 
Hanger combines the 
fallowing excellent 
tpialitics : 

It Is mode (except the 
wheels) of wrought 
iron, in a thorough 
manner. The wheels 
have steel axles and arc 
made perfectly true 

The track has a raised 
center, behind which 
the lip of the hanger 

projects to pre\ out derai'ment. Tin ■< heel trav els bath on KIN and A XLS, the a\lc graveling oa the hanger har and 
the rim on the track rail, thus over iug all Motion and making this the EASIEST WORKING HANGER 




IN USE! For Ssile unly by 



AUSTIN BROTHERS, Sole Agents, 

Stocliton , Cnl. 



PACIFIC FRUIT COMPANY, 

408 and 410 Davis St., San Francisco, Cal. 

niTANCH IIOTJSE-1006 SECOND STREET, SACRAMENTO, CAL 



. wn"i.Ks ai.k am' comnwion Dhaubm nr. 



Green & Dried Fruits, Raisins, Oranges, Lemons, Nats, Honey, Potatoes 

And All Other Varieties of Produce. 
ORDERS WILL BE CAREFULLY FILLED. CONSIGNMENTS SOLICITED. 



ffTLiKKRM. Ad' a.v Sfl M ml * hen desired. Having best facilities for sale of Frail mid Produce, we respectfully 
:*sk 3 ..in patronage. Agents in Sacramento, Kl dorado, Placer and Volo Counties for the Zimmerman Fruit Drier. 



DIRECTORS - 

W. C. BLACKWOOD, Fruit Grower, Ha\ wards. 
W. W. COZZENS, Fruit Grower, San .lose. 
SYDNEY M. SMITH, President Cutting Packing C". 
A. D. CUTLER, SupL Cutting Packing Co. 



LANDAULET3, BAROUCHES, Phaetons, 
Surry Wagons, Buggies, 

PKTALl MA 0ART8, FARM ami MOUNTAIN WAGONS 
WllKKI.S, Gr.ARisn, KTC. 

J. F. HILL, Prop., 

1301 and 1323 J St.. ■ • Sacramento. 

FRIEND & TERRY 

Lumber Company. 

MAIN YARI' AND OFFICE: 

No. 1310 Second Street, near M. 

BRANCH YARI): 

Corner Twelfth and J Streets, 
SACRAMENTO, CAL. 

Aug. Wolff ; , : ,s,l!, ' r : Book Binder 

MUSIC AND MAGAZINES 
Pound at Short Notice and Lowest City Prices. 



Catalogues and Handsome Cards free to all. Machines Delivered, 
Freight Paid to any Railroad Station or Steamer Landing. 




M T. BRF.WKR, late M. T. Hrcwor A c. 
ROBERT HOWE, late Howe & Hall. 
CRAB. B JENNINGS. San Francisco. 
N. K. MASTEN, San Francisco. 



Old Machines taken in Exchang e, "HOU SEHOLDS" repaired free for h years. 
SAMUEL lULL ESTATE, 

(9M#Mer I; MA UK BBgLDON.) 
0, II and 13 FIRST ST , - SAN FRANCISCO 

General Agent for the Popular Favorite of the Eastern States, 

THE LIGHT RUNNING 



HIOUSEHOLD 



City Salesrooms, 634 Market street, opposite Palace Hotel. 



Tklephoni :j20. 



Spraying Fruit Trees and Vines. 

THE EXCELSIOR PUMP, 

No 1 , on base Copper Lined Brass Seats and Valves, is the Most Powerful Pump; 
made Expressly for that purpose. 

HOLBROOK, MERRILL & STETSON, Agents, 

i Cor- Market and Beale Sts., San Francisco. 



A CLEAR HEAD. 

"One year ago I was induced to try AVER'S 
Pn.LS as a remedy for Indigestion. Con- 
atipation, and Headache, from which I 
had long been a great sufferer. Commenc- 
ing wilh a dose, of five Pills, I found their 
action easy, and obtained prompt relief. In 
continuing their use, a sing'e Pill taken 
after dinner, daily, has been nil the medi- 
cine I have required. Avi:h's I'll i„s have 
kept my system regular and my head clear, 
and benefited me more than all the medi- 
cines ever before tried. Every person sim- 
ilarly afflicted should know their value. 
15- State St., Chicago, June >, IKfc.'. 

M . V. W » rsoN." 

For all diseases of the stomach and bowel*, 
try A V Kit's Pii,lk. 

t'RK r Alt Kl» BY 

Dr.J.C. Ayer&Co., Lowell, Mass. 

Sold by all Druggists. 



HOWE SCALES. 



u. s. 




t« INSTANTLY 



STANDARD. 

RAILROAD, 
WAGON, 
COAL, 
liRAIN, 
MINERS'. 
DORMANT, 
PORTABLE, 

and 
GROCERS' 
Scnlos 

HAND. Aijoi. FI LL LINE OF 



Store, Mill and Warehouse Trucks. 



DAV11I N. II \ \\ I.I ST, \gent, 

117 ami 1 in Market Street, • - SAN FRANCISCO. 

EVAPORATING FRUIT. 




1 



m 




American Fralt Evaporator. 

THE AMERICAN MANUFACTURING COMPANY, 
Waynesboro, Pa., take* pleasure in announcing to 
Fruit Growers on the Pacific Coast that they are pre 
|>arcd to furnish promptly at San Francisco, Los Angeles, 
or Portland, Oregon, THE AMERICAN FKI'IT 
KVAPOKATOR. We Invite special attention to cost 
of machine, ease and ccouoim of ojieration, anil fpiality 
of product. TREATISE on Improved Methods, YicldR, 
Profits, Prices, and General Statistics riiEK. Address: 

FRANK BROTHERS. 
319 and 321 Market Street, San Francisco. 
H. C. BRISTOL, Traveling Agent 

WORTH'S IMPROVED 

Combined Toggle Lever and Screw Press. 

1 desire lo call the 
attention of Wine and 
< 'idcr makers to my 
Improved Press. 
With this Press the 
movement of the fol- 
lower is fast at the 
commencement, mo\ - 
ing one and a half 
inches with one turn 
of the screw. The last 
turn of the screw 
moves the follower 
one-sixteenth of an 
inch. The follower 
has an up and dow n 
movement of _'>4 
inches, with the 
double platform run o» a railroad track! You can have 
two curbs, by which you can fill one while the other is 
under the press, thereby doing double the amount of 
«ork of any other press in tlic market. I also tnannlac 
ttire Horse* Powers for all purposes, Knsilagc Cutlers, 
Plum Pitters, Worth s System of Heating lmirics by hot 
water circulation, /ysend for a Circular. W H. 
WORTH, Petahuna Foundry and Machine Works, 
Petaluraa, Sonoma Co., Cal. 

FOR SALE ! 

O UNTIE SECOND-HAND 
BxlO 

STRAW-BURNING ENGINE. 



Good Running Order. 

E. L. RANSOME. 
402 Montgomery St, - San Francisoo 

THE UNION HORSE- POWER 

Hat the Lirgtit Track Wheeli. DOUBLE GEARED. 

n Hods, « killed H»rln» 

ind LEVEL TREAD 




Tnion Ttirrnlirr Ncjuirulnr ■mil < i< nni i, 
f*rem1nm Kami <«ri«»l .Mill, Frrd I'liitcrn, 

etc. t^"Writo for IX-wrrii-tne CaUl-*r"** FKEE. 
W. L I U A UKO-, I'blUdulph.K, P». 



July 19, 1884.] 



PA(BIFIG I^URAL pRESS, 



CALIFORNIA STATE FAIR, 



-9 

J±.t Sacramento, 

SEPTEMBER 8th TO THE aOth. 

T'^tvo Weeks. 

The attention of the Farming community of this state 
16 partievilarly called to the liberal awards offered for 

COUNTY EXHIBITS. 

The intense interest manifested by the exhibition of 
the larious cereal productions made by Sonoma County, 
through the Sonoma County Pomona Urange, both in 
California and the Eastern States, where the exhibit was 
forwarded, has encouraged the Board to offer for the 
"Most Extensive, Perfect and Varied Kxliibit 
of Farm Products (exclusive of live stock) ex- 
hibited as a County Production, tlie gum of 
$600, divided into Four Cash Premiums: 

For the be;t display $CfOO 00 

For the the second best display 160 00 

For the third best display " a no on 

For the fourth best display 50 00 

Competition to be between coir ties only. Not more 
than one premium can be aw aided to any one county . If 
agreeable to Exhibitors, the Premium lots 
will be forwarded, at the elose of the Fair, 
to the World's Pair at New Orleans. 

The S.atc Board of Agriculture earnestly desires the 
hearty CO operation of the various Subordinate Granges 
throughout the State in making this exhibition of Califor- 
nia's products a success, whereby we may fully show at the 
World's Fair the great productive qualities of our State. 
We would ask the appointment of a committee from the 
Orange in each county to call upon and urge the Patrons 
to make a display representing their respective counties. 

The State Exposition Building, containing 124,OOOsipiarc 
feet of floor spare, cov ering an area of ground 400 feet 
square, will be occupied for the first time. Ample space, 
well lighted and airy; never has there been such an op- 
portune offered to make a State display. 

jfSTSeud for Premium Lists. 

P. A. FINNIGAN, President. 

Kimix I". Smith, Secretary. 

GROOVE RING FRUIT JAR 



ESTABLISHED 1875. 




THIS is ONE OF TIIK BFST AND CHEAPEST 
Gift h Jars used, superior to am Nelf- sealing, high 
priced .jar. To those who have its d thcni\the,i need no 
c&nmeiidatioii Those needing a cheap and efficient jar, 
tr\ tlirvn, and yon " ill use no others. 

FOR SALE BY THE TRADE. 

. . . . M AN IT 1* ACTI UKD BY .... 

San Francisco and Pacific Glass Works, 

SAN FRANCISCO. CAL. 



GRANGERS' BANK 

OF CALIFORNIA, 

SAN FRANCISCO. CAL. 



Authorized Capital, 



$1,000,000 



200 ACRES. 





J. LUSK & SON, .... Proprietors. 
W. P. KAMMON, Business Manager. 



In 10,000 Shares of $100 each. 

Capital Paid up in Gold Coin, $645,360. 

Reserved Fund and Paid up Work. $2 1,17V 

OFFICERS: 

A. I). LOO AN President 

I. V. STEELE Vice President 

ALBERT MONTPELLIEK Cashier and Manager 

FRANK McMULLEN Secretary 

DIRECTORS: 

A. D. LOGAN, President Colusa County 

H J. LEWELLING, ' Napa Countv 

J. H. GARDINER Rio Vista, Cal 

T. E. TYNAN Stanislaus Countv 

URIAH WOOD Santa Clara County 

J. C. MERYEIELD Solano County 

H. M. LARUE Yolo County 

I. C. STEELE San Mateo County 

THOMAS McCONNELL Sacramento County 

C. J. CRESSEY Merced County 

SENECA EWER Napa County 

CURRENT ACCO (JNTS are opened and conducted in the 

usual way. hank hooks halanced up, and statements of 

accounts rendered every month. 
LOANS ON WHEAT and country produce a specialty. 
COLLECTIONS throughout the Country arc made 

promptly and proceeds remitted as directed. 
GOLD and" SILVER deposits received. 
CERTIFICATES of DEPOSIT issued pavablc on demand. 
BILLS OF EXCHANGE of the Atlantic States bought 

and sold. ALBERT MONTPELLIER, 

Cashier and Manager. 

San Francisco, Jan. 15, 1882. 



UlMMIII IV Hint Si; powkrs. tank*, and 

all kinds of Pumping Machinery built to order. 
61 BealeSt., 1 P W T/DflfTJ 9 ffi I Patentees & 
San Fran co. I 1 , ff , AtlUUD B UU, (SoleProp'r. 



I f% Perfect Beauties, new style Imported Chromo Cards, 
till Swiss and French Florals, Roses, Birds, Mottoej> 
^ w etc., name on, 10 cents. Elegant Premiums FREE 
to agents. iKTNA PRINTING CO., North ford, Conn 



1 000,000 NON-IRRIGATED FRUIT TREES 

FOR THE SEASON OF 1884-85. 

Embracing all the Leading Varieties of Apple, Pear, Peach, Plum, Prune, Apricots/ Nectarines mid Cherries 
Also the Largest and Most Complete Assortment of 

JS^JSTiy RARE! FRUITS 

On the Pacific Coast, including many California productions of great promise. 

KELSEY'S JAPAN PLUM, 

THE NOVELTY OF THE SEASON. 





THE LARGEST AND MOST VALUABLE OF ALL PLUMS. 

The Greatest Plum for Shipping Long Distances, 

Remaining Solid Longer than any other. 
Ripens in September. The Earliest in Bearing. 

The Largest Fruit. The Smallest Pit. 

The Finest Quality. The Best Shipper. 

The Most Attractive. A Regular Bearer. 
ONE OF THE MOST PRODUCTIVE. 

A valuable acquisition to our list of Eastern Shipping Fruits, possessing all the merits "1 our lu st Plums, with 
added firmness and brightness of color: hence* with iis immense size, it is the most profitable for market, anil the 
most desirable for general use of a ll Plums. 

Headquarters for the 

BERKELEY GO OSEBERRY. 

LARGE STOCK OF 

SHADE and ORNAMENTAL TREES, 

EVERGREENS, SHRUBS, ROSES, 

Clematis and Flowering Plants, Small Fruits, Grapevines, Etc. 

Our Trees are grown on New Ground without Irrigation, and are 
FREE FROM ALL INSECTS and DISEASE. 

*ST Before Purchasing elsewhere, people intending to Dlant Trees will find it to their 
interest to come and see our Stock and learn our Prices. 

NURSERIES AMD RESIDENCE— NORTH TEMESCAL. 

The University and Telegraph Avenue Street Cars Stop at the Nurseries. 
AST CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED. Address 

«T. XjITSXS. c*3 SON, 

472 Ninth St., Oakland, Cal. 



ttc. 




SELF-REGULATING 

STORM KING WINDMILL. 

Manufactuted for the Proprietor 

BY THE 



JUDS0N MANUFACTURING 

Of Oakland. 



COMPANY, 



rpHIS MILL IS MADE WITH A VIEW TO ECONOMY 
in very sense of the word. Ninety per cent, 
more Wrought and Malleable Iron used in il * 
construction than any other mill made. Its central 
frame is WROUGHT IRON', as also the frame of the 
wheel and vane. The fans alone are wood, which arc 
securely holtod to the hoop or rim ol wheel. NOT A 
NAIL IN THE ENT1KE MILL. 

NO WEIGHTS, NO SPRINGS. NO BALLS, 

Nor SLIDES, yet is 

A Perfect Self-Re<?ula< or. 
jt£~Reliable Agents Want?d in every town. 

Km terms and particulars, address fie pr iprietor, 

GEO. W." HERR, 

Cor. Twelfth and J Sts.. Sacrarr ento, Cal. 



KENNEDY'S 



HORTON 

FAMOUS 

ENTERPRISE 

Self-Regulating 

WINDMILL 

Is recognized as 
tub Bust. 



AlwamjriM's sat.isfact inn. SIMPLE, 
STRONG and DURABLE in all parts. 
Solid Wrought, iron ('rank Shaft with 
DODBLB BEARINGS for the Crank to 
work in, all turned and run in adjust- 
able babbitted boxes. 

Positively Self-Regulating, 

With no coil springs, or springs nf any kind. No little 
rods, joints, levers, or anything nf the kind to get out of 
order, as such things do Mills in use 6 to 12 years in 
good order now, that, have never cost one cent, for repairs. 
All genuine Enterprise Mills fur the Pacific Coast trade 
enme only through this agency, and none, whether of 
the old or latest pattern, are genuine except those bear- 
ing the "Enterprise Co." stamp. Look out for this, as 
inferior mills are being offered with testimonials applied 
to them which were given for ours. Prices to suit the 
times. Full particulars free. Best Pumps, Feed Mills, 
etc., kept, in stock. Address, 




HORTON &. KENNEDY, 



GENERAL OFFICE AND SUPPLIES (as always bef 

LI VERMORE, ALAMEDA CO. , CAL. 
San Francisco Agency- JAMES LINFORTH 
23 Main St., near Market. S. F. 

CENTENNIAL WINDMILLS. 



i ~ 



FIRST PREMIUM it 

Santa Clara Countv Agricultu- 
ral Society's Fair in 1870, 1880, 
1881 , and IS82, and at, the Statn 
Fair in 1888. J. IILACK- 
AVKI.I., owner and manu- 
facturer in the following coun- 
ties: Sacramento, Placer, 
Merced, Fresno, Solano, So- 
noma, Tulare, El Dorado, Co- 
lusa, Butte, Tuolumne, Sutter, 
Yuba, Tehama, Shasta, Mcndo 
cino, San Francisco, Marin, 
LasscOj Trinity, Mono, Inyo, 
Alpine, Modoc, Del Norte, 
Mariposa, and Plumas. 

J, BLACK WELL, 
1*. O. Box 758, San Jose, Cal. 



LFFFFI/g IMPROVED 




Springfield Machine Co, 

SPRINGFIKLD, O., 
to E. t'. If Tel ii Co 



All Wot-Mrur Part. 
I M»llcuDle Iron* 



BO 



fAeiFie RURAL pKtSS. 



BENICIA BARLEY CRUSHERS! 




No. 2 or Large Size. Capacity 30 Tons and upward per Day. Price, $2O0. 



•Thin PkicE Dots sot [NCLUOI PHI WaWSH (ItAK,) 




No. 1 or Small Size. Capacity, One Sack per Minute. Price, $125. 



THE BENICIA BARLEY CRUSHERS, 

MANUFACTURED BY THE 

BENICIA AGRICULTURAL WORKS, 

Are the best machines far Crushing Barley that have over been invented. They do their wort effectually without separating the grain an<l hull, ami 
clean it from all foul seed. Barley cleaned and crushed by these mills can be fed to stock with a certainty that ho foul seed will bo scattered, which is of 
itself an important feature and improvement. It is practical, simple in const ruction, durable ami not liable to get out of repair. 

To those who wish to see the machines in operation, We invite them to call at our works ami examine for themselves. Numerous machines have 
been built and placed on the market for stile as Feed ami Barley Mills, etc., but when put to a practical test have proved to be comparatively useless. It 
is not alone our experience, but that of others, that stock fed <>n barley crushed by these machines thrive much l>etter and require less feed than when fe,l 
on what is usually called ground barley. The feed is also free from all dirt, sand or »rit of any kind. 

Win. Hamilton, Esq.. the well-known "stage man," informs us thai he is feeding all hi.- stock on bailey crushed by this machine; that his animals 
thrive better than ever before, and that it CRU8HBS, ON \.\ AVERAGE, ONE SACK OF BARLEY PER MINUTE. He is running it with a small portable engine. 



SOLE AOEMTS, 

Sctix Francisco and Sacramento, OaX. 






TWENTY ZP^GKE EIDITI03ST. 






Vol. XXVIII-No. 4.] 


SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY, JULY 26, 1884. 




( S:t :i Year, in Advance. 

\ Sinolb Copies, iu cts. 



Timothy. 

We give on this page an engraving of a grass 
which all who hail from the northeast quarter 
of the United States, will recognize as the pre- 
vailing meadow grass of their early days. The 
rule in sowing meadows was for the generation 
"timothy and clover," and if they wanted a 
change they sowed "clover and timothy." Ad- 
herents of advanced ideas besought the farmers 
to sow a mixture of grasses, but up to the time 
of our departure, hence the sowing was either 
timothy straight or mixed with clover. The 
product of such a meadow was of course good 
hay; probably there is no better hay in 
the world than timothy cut at the proper time. 

At first the new comers to this .State began 
where they left off at the East, and sowed 
timothy. They soon stopped, for over the 
greater part of the area of the State it was 
found that timothy would not stand the heat 
and drouth. Timothy has a sort of a bulbous 
root at the surface of tho ground, and is easily 
burned and killed when exposed to our long 
dry summer heat. So timothy was forsaken in 
the central and southern portions of the State, 
but it is still grown and reaches marvellous size 
and perfection in the extreme northern counties 
of California and in Oregon and Washington 
Territory, where the season is more moist than 
in the other parts of the coast. 

We make these statements because it is now 

reported from Los Angeles that an experimenter 

there is greatly pleased with timothy. The 

Los Angeles Herald says: 

"The heads, or plumes, as, they are sometimes 
called, measure from six to ten inches in length. As 
the seed of the grass is very valuable, it would be 
very profitable to raise the crop for seed and, after 
heading the harvest, to use the field for pasture. 
Mr. White has also raised the eastern 'red top' grass 
verv successfully. This grass is very hardy and 
tenacious of life, and proves a fine turf for lawns and 
pasture where there is a fair degree of moisture." 

We are not surprised at the good opinion of 
red top. It has proved its fitness to the con- 
ditions in some parts of the State, but we fear 
that the Los Angeles grower will be disap- 
pointed with his timothy, unless he has an ex- 
ceptional location in naturally moist land. We 
shall be glad to hear of the future results of his 
experiment. We should certainly advise him 
not to pasture the field after cutting, (.'lose 
pasturing ruins many meadows even at the 
East where the climate favors timothy, and 
here we should not be surprised to sec the grass 
completely killed out by pasturing in combina- 
tion with our long dry season. But the experi- 
ment is under way; we shall see what we shall 
acc. Meantime the experience of any or all of 
our readers with timothy will be interesting, if 
they will send us the accounts. 



The Central l'acific Railroad < 'ompauy will 
soon begin to bore for water on its lands in 
Nevada, with the intention of demonstrating, 
if possible, the possibility of obtaining a suffi- 
cient supply for irrigation and grazing purposes. 
One well will be sunk near Wadsworth. There 
arc a great many flowing wells in the vicinity 
of Battle Mountain, and one of them 1.50 feet 
deep, Hows eleven feet from the surface and 
produces 50,000 gallons per day. With such 
wells on cattle ranges such lands will be made 
much more valuable and much larger numbers 
of stock can be maintained. 



A contagious disease prevails among the 
cows in Sacramento county, 



To Frichtkn Birds: — In Cochin China, says j the concert of sounds on them is often a very 



a writer, birds are frightened away from grain 
fields and fruit trees, and foxes from poultry 
houses, by the following device: "Old bottles 
are taken, the mouths corked, through the cork 
a thread is passed with its end hanging down, 



pleasing one." 



Poia.ni> Chinas. -The Secretary of the 
American Poland China Record Company, John 
(iilmore, of Vinton, Iowa, informs us that the 




TIMOTHY GRASS Phleum Pratense. 



where a small piece of board, slate or any 
other odject presenting surface to the wind, is 
attached. At the height of the thickest pari of 
the bottle a nail is fixed in a way that the 
thread agitated by the wind makes tho nail 
beat against the bottle like sounding a bell. 
After preparing a number of bottles in this way 
strong wooden rods are placed in the soil, and 
on their top these bottles are put, by means of 
a string fastened at the neck of the bottle. 
When the bottles are unlike in sue and shape 



fifth volume of the Record is now ready for de- 
livery, and contains 700 pages. This is one- 
third more than any of the previous volumes. 
Price, $4. Price of Volume I, II, III and IV, 
each. There is now over 1 ,000 pedigrees on 
file for sixth volume; those wishing to insert 
pedigrees in sixth volume will please forward 
promptly. The registry lee is ft] for each pedi- 
grec recorded. The number bo be given to the 
animals cannot be furnished before the book is 
printed. 



California at the World's Fair, 

We are glad to see that the people of the 
State are turning their thoughts quite gener- 
ally to the advantage of a creditable exhibit at 
the coming World's Fair in New Orleans. 
There is every reason, industrial and sentimen- 
tal, why our State should be well represented 
on this occasion, which will draw people from 
all the country and all the world to the sunny 
South. There never was a great fair which can 
be so easily reached from this State, and 
probably none where a good show of our pro 
ducts can do so much toward spreading the 
fame of the State. There are several move- 
ments now in progress toward a fair display of 
our products. Private and corporate enterprise 
is enlisted in showing "special products. The 
State Board of Agriculture is fostering the 
idea of making a collective exhibit from the 
material to be shown in Sacramento the second 
week in September, and probably some of the 
elaborate county exhibits which are now in 
preparation for the State Fair will be sent for- 
ward by themselves to the credit of the coun- 
ties represented. The State Horticultural 
Society also has the matter under consideration. 
Beyond this, it is announced that T. H. Good- 
man, General Passenger and Ticket Agent of 
the Central Pacific Railroad Company, has re- 
quested all agents of the Central Pacific and 
leased lines, including the Southern Pacific 
railroad, to exert themselves in calling the at- 
tention to the golden opportunity of advertising 
the State by collecting and forwarding .samples 
of the various products of California to the 
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Ex- 
position, which will be opened in New Orleans 
next December and continue till the following 
May. The railroad company's agents are re- 
quested to ask the people with whom they are 
brought into intercourse to furnish samples of 
their grain, of their fruit, of their products, ami 
also of the soil on which these things are raised. 
They are instructed to obtain full information 
about yield, mode of cultivation, extent of or- 
ehards, vineyards or grain fields, and to make 
careful notes of the same. Mr. Goodman, 
speaking for the company he represents, 
says : 

"We wish each county, however distant from the 
lines of our roads, to be fully represented. Neither 
do ue wish to concentrate attention upon any one 
industry, but, by showing samples of all productions, 
to demonstrate to the world the great capacities and 
almost boundless resources of California Experi- 
ments are being tried, many of which have demon- 
strated that a number of profitable industries can be 
added to those which have already made this Stale 
famous. It is desired to full v represent all these 
efforts towards productive possibilities. We wish 
full information regarding any and all samples, in 
order that the labels shall truthfully stale those facts 
which will be interesting to the beholder of the ex- 
hibits, for this purpose we ask thai each sample be 
carefully packed and accompanied by a label show- 
ing the name and variety of the article, the yield, 
the age of the tree on which grown, if a fruit, and 
the length of time the ground has been cultivated, 
and whether winter-sown or summer-fallow, if the 
sample is a grain ; the name and postofhee address of 
the producer, the exact locality where grown 
(specifying the county and number of miles and 
direction from nearest town of prominence), also 
any other information which may be of interest. In 
cases where the contributor is not the- producer, we 
wish the name and address also of the contributor." 

Surely something good should aome out of all 
these, different agencies which are at work, and 
it is quite probable that Col. Andrews, the 
California commissioner, will have material to 
awaken the California glow afresh in his own 
heart and which he is reputed to impart to nil 
who come under his influence, 



G2 



PA6IFI6 f^URAL PRESS. 



[July 26, 1884 



G(o^RESPOJM DENSE. 



Camping Trip— Crops. Orchards and 
Places of Resort. 

IfiDITOBS PlUSSB: — In this climate, a journey 
with tents and camping equipments is a health- 
ful and economical way of securing rest and 
freedom from the care of business. If a man 
takes his family, it becomes a source of iin 
prorement to all, and entertaining conversation 
in the future. I have just returned from such 
a trip through Santa < 'lara, San Benito, Mon- 
terey and Santa Cruz, counties. 

Crops. 

In all places in these counties the wheat and 
all crops are very heavy. In part of the 
rich valleys grain has suffered from the late 
rains: but on light land and hills, it stands up 
and is plump. Never before were so many ai res 
sown. The land where drouth, in former 
years, cut short the grain, this year produces 
the most profitable crop. Hay cut before the 
.Mine rain is almost worthless, yet much has 
been saved since, ami there is a belief that there 
will be a full supply. Corn and vegetables are 
excellent, and pasture abundant. Cattle look 
well, and are increasing. The country will soon 
be overstocked — then down goes the price. 

Orchards and Vineyards. 

On the mountains and in the valleys are 
many young trees and vines. The best posted 
persons say that not 10 per cent of tho'.e planted 
arc bearing fruit. What will become of the 
fruit business in five years? W here will be 
found the hands to pick, pack, can and dry the 
increase of !>0 per cent V A strawberry man re- 
cently declared that he had lost $100 per day 
all through this strawberry season because he 
could not procure laborers; another told me 
that, for the same reason, he had permitted his 
to go to weeds. 

This is the beginning of the /reft of the < 'hi 
ucsc Exclusion Act. San Francisco will get 
buncombe anti-Chinese gourds instead of straw- 
berries. Those who have rushed into tree 
planting will "sec their fondest hopes decay" 
as they call in vain for men to work. We arc 
told that white laborers will conic from the 
Kast and from Kuropc. They do conic, but 
they all want land or whk>ky. Neither class 
will help out the fruit raiser who has investe" 
his all in an orchard. Those who want land 
are a good class, but they become employers — 
only labor for themselves. The other class 
cost more than they earn. 

In the Santa Cru/ mountains the soil and 
climate is well adapted to fruit, but many have 
made a mistake by planting on the low, dry 
foothills. 

PlaoeB of Resort. 

Wc visited Paraiso Springs, six miles soutl 
west from Soledad, the present terminus of the 
railroad, in Monterey county. There are cold 
and hot sulphur springs, and hot soda springs 
iron and other medicated water. They are 
located in a little valley on the northeast side 
of the chaparral-clad mountain, between Salinas 
valley and the ocean, 1'2 miles from the latter 
The wind, which blows furiously at Soledad, 
only breathes in gentle zephyrs at the springs. 
All testify to the good effects of these springs 
on rheumatics, and persons suffering from mala 
ria, kidney ami liver dillieulties. There were 
I 10 guests, but most of them were very gay, 
healthy looking invalids. Mr. and Mrs. Reeves, 
the youthful, kind and polite managers of this 
popuk.r resort, keep everything in perfect order 
with apparently n<> effort. The sick complain 
that the food is too tempting. The employees 
are Herman, for the most part, and arc polite 
and quiet. 

When I was made to feel well and young 
again, we left this pool of Siloani and drove 
down the Salinas river, along the foot of the 
evergreen mountains, fifty miles brought us 
to Monterey, a place too well known to need 
description. Del Monte Hotel is beautifully 
situated, and illustrates what money, pood taste 
and water will do for a sandy pine forest. 
Notwithstanding the talk agai ist monopolies, 
as I drove through the beautiful Mower decked 
grounds I felt to thank the man who made this 
wilderness of beauty. 

Thence we drove to the Pacific drove, three 
miles distant, through the rejuvenated old town 
of Monterey. Here we found ~>00 busy bustling 
men and women, who seemed to be making 
business of getting as much recreation as 
possible from the few days they had wrested 
from a life of toil and care. 

At the springs sickness and care seemed to 
be thrown aside. At the Hotel the well dressed 
men and women seemed to be enjoying otiutn 
rum dignitale without regard to expense. At 
the drove nearly all seemed to be anxious 
about something. They evidently had not 
time and money to rest easily. 

I hiving no taste for camp life with the mul- 
titude we drove seven miles south of Monterey 
past Game! Mission and to Point hobos, to en- 
joy the hospitality of Mr. and Mrs. Bennett 
and pick up shells along the shores of the 
"sounding sea.'' 

On our return trip we passed Santa Cruz., 
and over the redwood-clad mountains 10 Sara- 
toga Springs. This place would be more popu- 
lar was it more distant from the city. It is a 
lovely place. Santa) Cruz and its mountains 
have manv charms. 

CcntervUle, Cal. W. W. IS. 



In the Foothills. 

Kdituks Pkess: 1 recently had the pleasure 
of a ride through parts of Placer and El Dorado 
counties, in company with J. h. Bulens, of 
Koseville. leaving Roseville ( which is in 
Placer county, just where the hills are losiug 
themselves in the plain), we rode by way of 
Folsoin and Mormon Island. The ride was a 
very enjoyable one, and was through an inter- 
esting agricultural country. For a great part 
of the distance between Koseville and Folsom 
(about I- miles) the road passes between fields 
of grain which are in excellent condition. For 
some miles around Koseville the country is 
beautified by a generous supply of oaks. Many 
have been removed. Indeed, here, as elsewhere, 
the woodman's ax has often failed to spare a 
tree. The oak groves that were so plentiful in 
the early days have disappeared in smoke. 

In many places a second growth is found, 
and these are, even now, becoming stately trees. 
Let it be hoped that a more enlightened policy 
of timber preservation will prevail, and that the 
wanton destruction of trees, which has been all 
too common in this State, will be a memory of 
the past, and not a recurring reproach. 

About a mile and a half east by south from 
our starting point, we come to an open strip of 
country, and pass over a rocky ridge. Small 
lava boulders lie on the ground in every direc- 
tion, and the bed of a little stream that we 
cross is completely paved w ith these, the stones 
being from an inch or two to ten or twelve 
inches in diameter. This stream cuts through 
a bank and discloses a thick layer of cobbles so 
closely cemented, that it would be almost im- 
possible to remove a single stone. One man 
living near undertook to sink a well through 
this cleposit, but soon gave it up as a bad job. 
The lava streak extends almost to Lincoln. 
Wc pass over the southern extremity, where it 
dips and disappears. This land is used for 
sheep pasture, and the feed this year has been 
very good, but the sun and sheep will soon 
destroy it on the more rocky portions. Passing 
this belt, we come once more into a tine agri- 
cultural section, hands range from $30 to s~>0 
an acre, and more comfortable homes abound. 

About three miles cast of Roseville, wc teach 
a section, a great part of which has been mined 
over. These were surface diggings and were 
worked by Chinamen. The income was about a 
dollar and ahalf a day, to the man. John came 
here to slake his thirst for gold in this humble 
manner because the places which paid better 
were appropriated by the whites. We passed 
the mouth of a little ravine which lias bceu 
mined for miles and here the return was quite 
good. A little fuithpr on is the pleasant 
homestead of 1 1. W. L iwcll. This is SU miles 
southeast from h'osevillc; Mr. Iiowell lias sev en 
or eight hundred acres of well tiinberc 1 land. 
The grain here as elsewhere looks finely. He 
has a small orchard for home use; the trees arc 
doing well. We arc now five miles from Pol 
soni; the remainder of the ride thither, is 
mostly through a j;Ood agricultural country, 
with here- ami there traces of where surface 
diggings have been worked. As we near 
Polsom we pass a very line vineyard. We 
passed through the outskirts of the town, after 
crossing the American river, on the suspension 
bridge, and were soon riding over rolling hills 
along the old .lohn Shaw road, toward Mor- 
mon Island. The scenery is very pretty and 
the country is improving all the time. Wc are 
getting up into the rolling foothills, and little 
orchards around the houses prove the land's 
adaptability to fruit raising. Around Mormon 
Island, which has become a town of the past, 
there arc some fine orchards and vineyards. 

After leaving Negro Hill, our road winds 
through a country that becomes more hilly. 
There are several tine fields of rye about seven 
feet tall along the road, and as we look across 
the Sjuth Pork wc see many large vineyards on 
the hill slopes. T. 

^ORJieULTUF^E. 

Meeting of the Santa Barbara Society. 

The fourth of the serious of monthly meet- 
ings was held by the Horticultural Society at 
the home of Mr. and Mrs. 0. A. Stafford, in 
Monteeito last Wednesday. The meeting is 
fully reported in the Santa Barbara Pi-ens. 
About seventy-five persons were present and 
the session was in all respects enjoyable am" 
instructive. Nearly as many ladies were pres- 
ent as gentlemen, all seeming equally interested 
in the subjects under discussion. Mr. Pord, 
from the committee appoint d for that purpose, 
then read the following resolutions: 

WHEREAS, Through the death of our fellow 
member, Dr. Levi Norton Dimmick, his family, the 
community in which he lived, and our Society in 
particular has sustained a seriously felt bereavement, 
therefore be it 

Rfiolved, Thai by his demise our Society has 
ceased to enjoy the profitable fellowship of one of 
its most respected and valuable members, whose 
love of horticulture constantly employed his voice 
and pen with suggestions for its improvement; the 
beauty of his own grounds and its extensive collec- 
tion of plants and fruits testifying to his rare judge- 
ment and taste. Whose example, advice and 
liberality has materially enhanced the loveliness ol 



his adopted city, and whose unselfish devotion to all 
projects whereby public or private interests might 
be profited, presents a character rare and worthy of 
the highest esteem. 

Resolved, That we sincerely condole with the 
widow of the deceased in her sex ere trial and respect- 
fully commend her to Divine Providence for con- 
solation. 

Remlved, That this heartfelt testimonial of our 
sympathy be forwarded by the Secretary, to the 
w idow of OU ' departed friend, and that a copy of 
these resolutions be placed upon the records of our 
Society. 

I >iscussion on the subject of 

Drying;. Packing and Marketing Fruit. 

the topic chosen at the last meeting, being next 
in order, Mr. Poixl read an interesting article 
from the RuBAL Pkess by J. M. Hickson, which 
called special attention to the importance of 
getting our fruit into market early, in the most 
perfect condition possible; and also containing 
many suggestions for the exporter's attention. 

Mr. Cadwell remarked that he realized the 
great importance of getting the dried fruit to 
market early, as it was almost impossible to 
keep moths from it long. In regard to apples, 
he said there was but little profit in them, as 
we could not compete with those who could sun- 
dry theirs: it cost three cents per lb. to dry 
them and he would rather sell at $10 per ton 
green. 

In regard to bleaching, he said that if the 
least trifle too much sulphur is used the fruit is 
injured by being flavored with it, but it makes 
it white and attractive to buyers and the 
whitest always sells the best. 

In the discussion on the best method of keep- 
ing the moths from fruit, Mr. Knapp said the 
fruit should be kept in a tight room, which 
should be sulphured very often. Whcreverany 
hail been exposed to moths it should all be 
carefully sorted over. As moths lay eggs on 
cotton bags it is better to keep fruit in boxes, 
double-lined w ith paper, than the plan advo- 
cated Mr. Hickson. He had found moth eggs 
in the outer edges of all sorts of fruit packages 
and the larva would work through wherever 
possible. The best dryers, he considered as 
those which dry the quickest by the hot air 
passing over the fruit, and not up through it, 
the latter way makes more work and often 
burns the fruit in places; great care should be 
taken not to get apricots too dry; a moment's 
exposure too much will sometimes spoil them. 
He had never discovered any injury from sul- 
phuring. 

Mr. Ilainer desiring some information on 
bleaching, a general discussion on the subject 
took place, which simply brought out the fact 
that it requires much careful practice and ex- 
perience to do it satisfactorily: Mr. Unmet 
said he had experienced sonic in keeping moths 
from dried fruit and found after six months 
keeping in tight barrels that there were no in- 
sects or eggs of any kind. 

In regard to the expense, Mr. Knapp said it 
cost less to dry fruit than to pick it for the 
cannery. One man could pick four fir five times 
more in good condition for drying than for 
canning, in the same time, as by careful wash 
ing, sorting and cutting away of bruised or 
8)>ecked parts, great quantities of sound, ex- 
cellent fruit for drying could lie nicely utilized 
that canneries would refuse to pay for. 

The great objection to sun-dried fruit, he 
said, was that it is impossible to keep it free 
from moths and other insects. 

Judge Pernald said on behalf of the eanneiy 
that their object had boeu to stimulate the fruit 
growing interest of this county, and although 
the interested parties had done so at a loss of 
about $. r i,000, they were satisfied with the gen- 
eral prosperity conferred on the community at 
large. He referred to Mr. Calkins for a more 
detailed account of its operations. 

Mr. Calkins said the principal cause of the 
failure was due to a lack of variety. There 
were too many apricots in proportion to other 
fruits, such as cherries, pears, Muscat grapes 
and berries of all kinds; there never had been 
enough Musoat grapes. The cannery would 
no doubt open again at some future season. To 
the question if it would not be better to pack 
in glass, he said the expense was too great, 
principally caused by breakage. He believes 
the cannery will prove a great benefit whenever 
varieties of fruit are raised here in large quan- 
tities. To the question of how much they could 
pay for small fruits, Mr. Calkins replied that 
their experience in that line was too limited to 
know just what they could afford to pay, but 
other canneries were paying three cents. 

Mr. Knapp said small fruits could not be 
raised at that price here. 

Mr. Higgins thought in view of the fact that 
we could raise fruit here without irrigation we 
should be able to successfully compete with the 
sun dried article of other places. It was gener- 
ally admitted by those present that it could be 
done. 

Mr. Hogue has examined some samples of 
sun dried fruit which looked very tine to the 
naked eye, but upon inspection with a magnify- 
ing glass discovered it to be full of moth eggs. 

The attention of the society was called to a 
sample of 

Native Tea 

raised at Mr. hand's place in Monteeito. A 
drawing of the leaves was made and cups of 
the fragrant beverage passed around to the 
assembled guests, who pronounced it of most 
delicious flavor. The leaves of the tea had been 
simply steamed and dried. 

The new members admitted at this meeting 
were J. ('. (lamer, S. W. Richardson, K. ('. 
Packard, Kinton Stephens and General Smith. 



Mr. Higgins suggested that the question for 
discussion at the next meeting be "The cultiva- 
tion of the soil in orchards." Agreed to. On 
motion of Mr. Harper, a vote of thanks was 
tendered Mr. and Mrs. Stafford for their kindly 
hospitality: carried. Judge Pernald extended 
an invitation to all present, and their friends or 
others inteicstedin horticulture to meet the 
Society at his place at the next regular meet- 
ing. Adjounied. 

Prune d'Ente or d'Agen. 

Editors Push: — In a late number of 
the Pkess, I i-oad a letter from one of 
your subscribers inquiring about the syn- 
onyms of the Prune d'Knte and Grouse 
d'Aijen. This prune cjuestion is a subject to which 
I have given a good deal of attention, during the 
last two or three years. In reply to your corres- 
pondent's inquiries, I will say that 
Prune d'L'nte, Prune </' .!;/< n, Pnbt de StrgtHt, 
Dalle Violet i> are synonyms, and mean the 
same prune. There is certainly here a con- 
fusion of names, in regard to the Prune d'Agen. 
To my Inquiries, I was told that in Lariguedoc 
they do not know any other Prune d'Aijen than 
the (PEttU or Prolw dj Si ryent, and in 
Tourraine, the other large prune district of 
Prance, they cultivate chiefly the St. Catherine, 
but in both districts they do not know any 
"Petite Prune d'Aijen." 

The true Prune d'Aijen or Prune de Strgeni 
is very different from our Petite Prune d'Aijen, 
both in size, color, shape and time of maturity, 
and it can be readily distinguished from the 
Hungarian prune by its heavy bloom, which it 
retains in spring. I found out that this Probt 
di Si nil nt and Hungarian ripen at the same 
time; the Hungarian being somewhat larger, 
but the Pi oln de StlftMt is really superior in 
all respects. Another important characteristic 
of the ProUe di Si rgetU is that it kcepi. quite 
soft in drying, thus permitting manipulation of 
the pulp to make the prune appear larger. 

Por the last two years I have l>cen gathering 
data in regard to this very Prune d'Aijen or 
Prolie dt 8ergenl its history, culture, curing, 
sorting, etc. 1 even promised you for the 
Ri kal Pkess a paper on this interesting sub 
ject, and as soon as my bearing tree shall ha\ c 
matured its fruit, 1 intend to have a cut taken 
from it, and give your readers the benefit of my 
researches and experience in regard to that far 
famed prune. hut the Prmv d'Ai/ni or 
d'k'nli, or I'mlii ih Si nr ni is certainly not syn- 
onymous ol Putit* Prmu d'A'jen, or Hunga- 
rian prune. 

Last winter, I introduced here three new 
kinds Ol prune, one of them said to weigh three 
ounces when green; that's what I want to see, 
and I grafted a large tree to find out first 
whether it is so. There is no reason why we 
should not grow and manufacture in California, 
as tine and large prunes as those imported from 
Bordeaux and Tours, but we must improve both 
our drying and manipulating processes; the 
whole secret lies in that. 

The Fruit Crop. 
The fruit . rop up here is a failure as regards 
the peach, cherry and, partly, the plum and 
certain varieties of pear. The hartlett.Clairgeau, 
Angauleme, and others arc pretty full. The 
apple crop will be very large, very few wormy 
ones yet; out the grape crop will be immense. 
There is no eoidnn up here. 

Walnuts and Silk 

This year 1 have the satisfaction to show- 
visitors to my place, two-year old Proparturiens 
walnut trees, of my own raising, with one to 
two nuts on each. My crop of walnuts will be 
rather fair, though not so full as it should be. 

1 am now ju^t gathering my cocoons; I never 
saw such a favorable season as this, and the 
rc-ult is highly satisfactory. It will take in 
the average 800 green or fresh cocoons to the 
pound: and I expect to improve on that another 
year. As the demand from the Southern and 
Kastern States for our mountain silkworm eggs, 
is rather lively. 1 will turn my whole crop 
into eggs or "grain" this year. Fei.ix dlLLET. 

Nveadit < 'ity, Caf, 



A Fine Experiment with Gooseberries. 

EniTOB Pkess; — I have been so busy of late, 
being as usual fully a month behind my work, 
that I could not find time to have a little chat 
with you, about our fruit p-ospects in general. 
Hut in looking over my patch of F.nglish goose- 
berries the other day, the idea came to me to 
send you samples of fifteen or twenty of my 
fine collection of imported gooseberries. I have 
in all fifty-seven varieties, and I desire you 
to see how large and beautiful are the Knglish 
kinds, and how different in shape, color, size 
and flavor they are from each other. With 
this letter I therefore send you by express a 
box containing samples of eighteen varieties, 
to wit: Wellingtons dlory; White Smitli; 
dunner; Top Marker; Krockwood; doldeu 
Chain; Crown Rob; Lady Delamere; Rank Eu- 
rope; Taylor's Rellerophon: Shadwick's Sports- 
ma;.; Prince Regent; Major Hilbert; Merry 
Monarch; Rroom Girt; Free Prom Fault: ha 
Favorite and Princess Royal. 

Most of those varieties arc very prolific, and 
Prof. Dwindle, of the I'niversity, who visited 
my place some twelve days ago, taking note in 



July 26, 1884.] 



f A6IFI6 RURAL PRESS. 



this very patch of gooseberries, could tell you 
how surprised he was to find such la'ge goose- 
berries and with the vines bending to the 
ground under the burden of the berries, on the 
granitic, red- clay ish soil of my barren hill, and 
with the hot sun over them the whole day. 

The gooseberry classification may be divided 
into four classes; red, yellow, green and white. 
They may also be classed as early medium and 
late. Only part of the kinds I send you are 
fully ripe, principally, Princess Royal, Rock- 
wood, Top Marker, Sportsman and Merry Mon- 
arch, which are early kinds; the others are 
green, but showing plainly their size and shape. 

Propagation. 

I propagate the Knglish gooseberry by layer- 
ing, and have found out that it is really the 
surest wry of propagating it; though a slow 
process. It is also resorted to as the surest by 
FY iich nurserymen. After layers are rooted, 
I set them out in nursery rows, properly 
labeled. 

Apropos, I have introduced here an entirely 
new kind of gooseberry, called the 

Gooseberry Tree, 

Branching out at three to four feet from 
the ground, and with not the least sucker 
growing from the roots. I intend after 
awhile to glow such trees for market. This 
tree reminds me of a little anecdote: It was a 
long time ago in Auld England, three men hail- 
ing from the three kingdoms were sentenced to 
be hung; the kind Judge in pronouncing the 
sentence gave the guilty men the choice, as on 
what tree they should be hanged. "Judge," 
said the Englishman "I will choose the elm." 
"And I the oak," begged the Scotchman. 
" Well, Pat," said the Judge to the Irishman, 
"on what tree will you prefer to be hung?" 
"And to be sure, yer honor, I will rather be 
hung on a gooseberry tree." So, through his 
ready wit, the Irishman saved his neck. But, 
to be sure, with that gooseberry tree of mine, 
I 'at would have to swing this time. 

Nevada City, Cat. Felix Gillet. 

[The display of gooseberries which we saw 
when we lifted the cover from Mr. Gillet's box 
was the handsomest we ever saw. There were 
the kinds named in his letter each in a little 
compartment of its own, and representing 
nearly as many forms, sizes and colors as there 
were kinds. All were perfectly free from mil- 
dew. Mr. Gillet seems to have attacked the 
gooseberry problem with the breadth and thor- 
oughness which characterizes all his horticultu- 
ral work. We shall show all the varieties 
which keep in good condition at the next meet- 
ing of the State Horticultural Society. — Ens. 
Press.] 

Prune d'Ente, or Grafted Plum. 

Editors Press : — Prunier d'Ente means 
simply grafted plum tree. A report, ,{ Le 
Pmnier et It preparation d< son Fruit," pre- 
sented to the General Council of the Depart- 
ment of Gironde by Auguste Petit-Lafitte, un- 
der the chapter devoted to the history and de 
scription of the tree and fruit, says : "The 
different names borne by the variety under 
consideration have an origin easily understood. 
It is called Prunier datte (date) on account of 
the great sweetness of its fruit; Prunier d'Ente 
(graft), on account of its propagation by graft- 
ing: Robe deSergenl (sergeant's coat), on account 
of the shades of color presented by its fruit, 
which are compared to the coats formerly 
worn by ollicers by that name, and finally Prun- 
ft r d'Affcn, on account of the importance of 
the city where the principal trade in its fruit is 
carried on. G. P. Rtvkord. 

San Francisco, Cat. 



Extinction OF Plants. -The imminent dan 
ger of extinction which threatens many of the 
rare plants of the Swiss Alps has led to the 
formation of a society for their preservation 
On reading the account of this society pre 
scnted in another column, the question natur- 
ally arises, Are any of our rarer species like 
wise in danger of extermination? With the 
exception of the extensive raids which are an 
nually made upon some of our native plants by 
herb collectors (and it must be understood that 
this business has assumed very considerable 
proportions, especially at the South), there are 
no very large drafts made which imperil the 
existence of the less common species. To be 
sure, in a few localities the niayflower and the 
climbing fern have been extirpated by the 
greed of collectors for the market; but it can 
hardly be said that these beautiful species are 
yet in peril. The same is true of the medicinal 
plants, ginseng and mandrake. It is fortunate 
that most species collected for medicinal 
purposes are reasonably prolific, and will doubt- 
less hold but until those now in fashion have 
been discarded by other aspirants for popular 
and professional favor. — Science. 



A Way to Make Poultry Pay. 

Editors Press: — Around New York City 
there are many Frenchmen and Germans raising 
poultry, from whicli branch of their labors they 
realize very handsome profits. I have often 
said poultry keeping as a business does not pay, 
and of late I have had the gratification to note 
one fearless and honest-minded journal corrob- 
orate my assertions. My reasons have been 
based upon experience and observation. While 
I may assert the poultry business does not pay, 
I do not wish to be understood that I do not 
think a man, or man and wife cannot make a very 
modest income from poultry keeping, perhaps 
man and wife might extract from the poultry 
product an existence. If an American was born 
and raised under the same influence that make 
up the wants and expectations of the foreigner, 
then I might say poultry might become a profit- 
able employment for "poor classes." 

I know of a M. Mani, who a few years ago 
resided in Hoboken, N. J. Mani made his 
poultry pay largely. He was not strictly a 
poultry keeper; he was a compound poultry 
keeper and dealer. Mani had his route along 
the 5th avenue, New York City; he came twice 
or thrice a week with a one-horse wagon, well 
loaded with eggs and fat chickens. Mani's 
dealings were strictly with rich people, who 
were a'ways glad to see him drive up to the 
ritehen door. He sold his eggs at from ten to 
twelve per cent more than the ruling prices, 
for Mani's eggs were always "very fresh," as he 
always said, "His pnllettes, poulardes and 
capons (the last, invariably a well fatted half- 
breed Brahma of a year old), were always fat. 
They compared in price with his eggs, and his 
customers thought themselves lucky to pay 
Mani nearly double for that that could be ob- 
tained at any first-class market at 50 per cent 
less. As soon as this frugal soul emptied his 
wagon, he came over the route and loaded up 
with the scraps of the rich man's kitchen. 
Many times a large quantity of wheaten and 
corn bread entered the waste barrel. All this, 
and often a good supply of cast off clothing fell 
into Mani's hands free. He then got the high- 
est price for all his poultry product, and the 
consumer returned him food to produce the 
product sold over again without any cost to him . 

1 visited his place on the Hoboken Mights, 
and learned something in poultry keeping that 
at the time I thought was impossible. Mani's 
dwelling, a neat cottage, poultry house and 
yards did not occupy an entire acre, even in- 
' hiding his stable and pig yard. The roosting 
and laying house was a structure of one room, 
built of wood. Two large doors opened out 
upon the yard; the floor was of brick 
covered with cement. The roosts were so high 
t ; :at a man could easily walk under them; two 
long chicken ladders led up to the perches, and 
all the perches connected by a plank walk, so 
the fowls might walk from perch to perch. The 
nests stood at one end of the building in a tier 
of rows reaching across the end. The last end 
had several glass sashes. The yard was not 
over 50x100; of some hard, smooth material. 
On one side of this yard, there was a small en- 
closure, surrounded by a separate fence. In 
this yard was dumped ashes, gravel, oyster- 
shell and burnt and broken bones. Everything 
was whitewashed and exquisitely clean. On 
the west side of this house there was another 
small yard and house— a "lean-to" against the 
main roosting house. This department was for 
fattening poor layers, cockerels and chickens. 
This building was arranged the same as the 
other and built of same material, with a con- 
necting door to the main fowl house. It was 
lighted with only two small lights. 

A pair of horses and one long two inch plank 
stood against one side of the building. This 
was used as a scaffolding, from which a man 
could easily reach the roosts- scalding them 
with hot water each day, the water falling on 
the cement-brick floor. The hot water was put 
to double use, for as Mani washed down the 
roosts, his wife, with broom in hand, scrubbed 
off the floor. This house quartered from 200 to 
250 birds, and you could not detect by smell 
that a single fowl had roosted there. 

The yard used for fattening fowls was bricked 
and cemented throughout. It had a small yard 
attached with the same requisites of food and 
health as did the other "small yard" noted. 

It will take too much space to tell all Mani 
told me of poultry keeping, but some of his de- 
clarations will be read with much interest. 



AY \ter- Proof Shoes. -Boots and shoes may 
be rendered water proof by soaking them for 
several hours in thick, soapy water. The ex- 
planation is that the compound forms a fatty 
acid within the leather which then acquires the 
property of resisting the penetration of mois- 
ture. 



and the country men who bring fowls 
to Washington market. I also buy pullets 
when they look fresh — but never aged 
aged hens or cocks. Of course all the cockerels 
are fatted, and so are many of the pullets I buy. 
All these are placed in the fattening yard. I 
pick out all the corn bread, corn cake, and fat 
pieces of meat, and to this I add a little corn, 
and always feed them their food warm. From 
this yard I can always take two or three dozen 
fat fowls. One month puts my birds in good 
order. As soon as my fowls are very yellow 
under the wings and weigh heavy, they are 
sold and move added in their place. I raise a 
few chickens around my house, and always sell 
them at ten weeks old." Mani said, "Ilikethe 
birds of my country, but they get sick in 
America. I always keep a few Houdan cocks. 
The chicks I raise are all half Houdans." I 
asked Mani, of all the birds he had handled 
whicli he thought was the best. He drew up 
his shoulders, French fashion, and said 
quickly, "I don kno, depends the chick-eri. 
I tell you Monsieur, the chick-en call 
Brahma, get very fat, he have nice plenty 
breast; my customer like him very much." 
Mani then pointed me out what he had learned 
to call Brahma. As near as I could judge they 
had a good deal of Light and 1 )ark Brahma 
mixture in them; the cockerels were feather- 
legged and the shank yellow. They had the 
Brahma head and many had the hackle lacing 
of this variety. With all there was some other 
strong breed besides this, for the legs were very 
short. I suspected a Dorcking or Houdan cross 
but could not detect either from the external 
appearance of the bird. Mani told me he al- 
ways bought short feather-legged cockerels. 
He declared they fattened quicker and sold 
heavier than any other kind. 

In winter his fowl houses are warmed by 
stoves. He worked in addition to his "fowl 
trade," gardening at the neighboring market 
gardens. Often a back load of refuse vege- 
tables would be packed home for his fowls. 
His wife did a variety of fancy work, besides 
attend the poultry and pigs. 

As I bid them "good-bye" 1 well remember 
the two, wife and Mani, in clean washed 
clothes of cotton cloth; the "wooden shoe of 
France" they had not yet discarded; a broad 
smile of contentment lit up their faces; they 
were a model pair of frugality. I have often 
thought how strong would be the scorn of an 
American against a relation that would accept 
the humble life of Mani. I have often thought 
it better if we had a "class" that might live 
humbly and not feel the restless impulse given 
us by our absolute freedom. Mani made a 
handsome sum of money ultimately. He 
bought his lot and houses; he bought other 
property, which he rented, and at no time was 
this couple in want of money. 

I am writing of sixteen years ago; where 
Mani is now I do not know. 

Santa Barbara. A. W. Cankield, 



Mrs. Havks, since her departure from the 
White House, has especially distinguished her- 
self by raising poultry, which is said to be one 
of the most lucrative employments for women 
In this she is out of her sphere, of course, but 
still it pays, and is not so dreadful as taking an 
interest in politics. Another most successfu' 
woman in this line is Mrs. J. M. I'helps, of 
Wetherstield, Conn., who makes it pay well 
She handles Plymouth Rock fowls exclusively 




The Chrysanthemum. 



Mani Talks. 

He said, "1 buy nothing and sell all I can. I 
rake up all the hen droppings each day, putting 
it in barrels. This is sold to the gardens. With 
the money I buy some corn and brewer's grains. 
The corn is mostly fed to the pigs. The drop- 
pings from the pigs and horse are given the 
fowls to pick over each day for giain. The 
swill from the city I feed my fowls on nearly 
exclusively with the exceptions of a little corn 
at night. In winter I warm my swill, and as I 
get a large quantity of stale bread, I have always 
enough to thicken their breakfast. At noon I 
feed all the scraps they will eat; at night, swill 
or scraps and corn. Nearly all the liquid of the 
swill is feed the pigs. 

As soon as a hen doss not lay regularly she is 
put into the fattening yard. I buy all the 
cockerels I can obtain from neighbors 



The chrysanthemum is a very satisfactory 
plant in some parts at least of this State. In 
the neighborhood of San Francisco Bay, where 
we have grown and studied it most closely, it 
roundly rewards the gardner for his space and 
brings out its wealth of blooms just at a time 
when they are most desired in midsummer and 
autumn. It delights in our dry air and tern 
pered heat. As the plant is so well adapted to 
our conditions, we have thought a few points 
on what is being done at the East and abroad to 
improve it would be read with interest. 

The chrysanthemum is a plant upon which 
the art of training may be practiced with much 
success. At the last show of the New York 
Horticultural Society, Messrs. Hallock & 
Thorp, nurserymen of Queens, Pong Island, 
New York, exhibited some very fine specimens 
trained up with a single stem to the length of 
three or four feet, at which bight the top is 
formed in a miniature tree, and covered with 
the heads of flowers. The leading forms into 
which the chrysanthemums are trained are the 
"convex," the "standard" and the "pyra- 
midal." In the first form the plant is trained 
to a low wire frame by frequent pinching of 
the young shoots, and the whole top of the 
plant is made to spread out over a larger sur- 
face. In the "standard," as above noted, a 
single stem is preserved and trimmed up to the 
desired hight, where the head afterwards 
forms. The "pyramidal" has one single main 
upright stem, but the side shoots are allowed 
to grow from its whole length, with their ends 
pinched enough to give the desired shape. 
Messrs. Hallock & Thorp, of Queens, Long 
Island, were the most successful of all the ex- 
hibitors at the New York show in growing the 
chrysanthemum . They showed fine specimens 
of upward of oOO varieties, and secured many 



of the first prizes. Other prize winners were 
Chas. E. Parnell, Dr. Walcott, John Ferrell 
and others. 

History of the Plant. 

According to an interesting article in the 
Massachusetts Ploughman by C. M. Hovey.it 
is many years since the chrysanthemum was 
made a special feature of culture by the Royal 
Horticultural Society of London, and all the 
finest varieties introduced from China. Col- 
lectors were sent out for the express purpose 
of introducing every variety that could be ob- 
tained. These were carefully cultivated and 
full descriptions given in the transactions of the 
Society with beautifully colored plates of the 
choicer kinds. From that time, however, for 
many years, no fu'ther accessions were made, 
and it was not until the first seedlings produced 
by the French cultivators that the flower again 
began to attract attention. For some years the 
principal supply of new varieties were produced 
in France, but in latter years by English culti- 
vators, and now for the first time in America. 
With the introduction of these new seedlings, 
Chrysanthemum Societies were organized 
around London for the especial purpose of en- 
couraging the production of new varieties and 
the cultivation of superior plants, and the pro- 
gress has been so great that we now have a 
great number of beautiful kinds far in advance 
of the older ones. 

These exhibitions have raised the chrys- 
anthemum to its proper place in our gardens, 
and have shown it to be, what it truly is, the 
only autumnal flower for the decoration of the 
parlor or conservatory, our early frosts being 
too severe for open air bloom. Fortunately, 
however, for this purpose, the French, with 
their enthusiasm and skill, have produced a 
class of early flowering varieties, which finish 
their blooming before the appearance of early 
frosts. And with equal skill they have added 
some later varieties, which bloom up to the in- 
coming of the new year. Thus, we have now 
not only four classes of flowers, the I'ompone, 
the medium and large flowered, and the Japan- 
ese, but also the early flowered, medium season 
and late flowered chrysanthemums. 

American Seedlings. 
It is, therefore, with much gratification that 
we can state our country, though so late in the 
field, is likely to produce new chrysanthemums, 
as they have camellias, azaleas, geraniums, and 
other plants, quite equal, if not superior to the 
English or French; and that we shall be no 
longer dependent upon the latter for beautiful 
additions to our collections. The first to at- 
tempt this has been \)r. Walcott, of Cambridge, 
whose exhibition of chrysanthemums was so 
much admired at the recent exhibitions both in 
Boston and New York, including as they did 
several of his finest seedlings. 

Recently Dr. Walcott sent out flowers of his 
new varieties to cultivators in London, who 
pronounced "some of them as very distinct and 
beautiful." These flowers were packed so 
carefully that they arrived almost as fresh as 
when cut from the plants. 

The seedlings to which awards have been 
made are as follows : President Parkman 
(Japanese), plant of robust, compact growth, 
flowers full, bright rosy purple; President 
Hovey (Japanese), (lowers large, spreading, 
brown, with salmon tint, white at the insertion 
of the petals; President Wilder (Japanese), 
flowers red tipped, gold reverse, gold center, 
bright yellow; Pontiac (Japanese), same habit 
and growth as President Parkman, noted above, 
flowers full, creamy yellow; H. L. lligginson 
(Japanese), flowers medium size, flowers tubular, 
yellow brown, extremities flaring and brown 
red; Savannah, small flowers, brilliant red, 
bright yellow center; Hiawatha (Chinese), in- 
curved, rose vioh t, with lighter back, good 
form; Minnehaha, large white flowers, backs of 
petals slightly tinted with pink, finely incurved; 
Robert Walcott (Japanese), seedling of 1882 of 
a vivid crimson red tint, each flower being yel- 
lowish behind; < ieorge Walcott, a bold llower, 
with flat or ribbon shaped petals, of a pale rose 
color, edged with rosy crimson. Other seeed- 
lings of 18811 were exhibited, out not yet 
named. 

As 1 have said it is gratifying to learn in the 
words of the English cultivator, "that adelinite 
and successful beginning has been made in 
America, and that really fine varieties arc now 
raised there from home grown and home raised 
seeds." Having shown that after all, the task 
is in no way difficult, other cultivators will 
carry out what doctor Walcott has already ac- 
complished with scarcely any effort. Simply 
careful attention to the dryness of the house 
and plants. This established, the seeds can be 
obtained and their growth is simple enough. 
But more than this these seedlings llower the 
first year and the raiser lias the satisfaction of 
seeing the results of his labors immediately and 
not as with many plants after three or four 
years of patient care and much labor. 

Incomparable as some of the later varieties 
of Chrysanthemums are, there is room for great 
improvement, especially in color. We want 
more pure colors, not the brownish red, mahog- 
any and yellow brown colors; but pure rose, 
deep crimson, rich purple violet and all these 
shades from pure pink to deep red. Scarlet wc 
hardly look for; of white and yellow wc have 
an abundance and varieties too which appear 
perfection in shape; these it will be hard to 
beat, as no longer ago than the latest show in 
England, the old Empress of India carried oil' 
the palm. I am pleased to chronicle this 
achievement in horticultural progress for the 
year ISSu, 



64 



pAeine ^ural press. 



[July 26, 1884 



JP/cT^ONS OF J^USB/tNDRY. 



Correspondence on (Jranpe prineip'es and work and re- 
ports of transactions of subordinate i. ranges aro respect- 
fully solicited for this dci«rtnuiit. 

Always Provided For. 

The following selected verses were read at a 
recent mee ting of Temeseal ( irange, and were 
received with marked favor. The sentiment 
may prove helpful and encouraging to many, 
BO W« reproduce the lines in this place: 

"Good wife, what are you singing for? Van know 

we've losl the hay, 
And what we'll do with the horse and kine is more 

than > can say; 
While, like as not, with stonn and rain, we'll lose 

both corn and wheat." 
She looked up with a pleasant smile, and answered, 

low and sweet: 
"There is a Heart, there is a Hand, we feci, but 

cannot see; 

We've always been provided for, and we shall 
always be." 

He turned round with a sudden gloom. She said: 

"l.ove, be at rest; 
You cut the grass, worked soon and late; you did 

your very liest. 
That was your work; you've naught at all to do 

with wind and rain, 
And do not doubt but you will reap the fields of 

golden grain; 
For there's a Heart and there's a Hand, we feci but 

cannot sec — 

We've always been provided for, and we shall 
always be." 

"That's like a woman's reasoning — we must, be- 
cause we must." 

She softly said: "1 reason not, 1 only work and 
trust. 

The harvest may redeem the day — and keep heart, 

whate'er betide; 
W hen one door's shut I've always seen another 

open wide. 

There is a Heart, there isa Hand, we feel but can- 
not see; 

We've always been provided for, and we shall 
always be." 

He kissed the calm and trustful face; gone was his 
restless pain; 

She heard him with a cheerful step go whistling 

down tile lane, 
And went about her household tasks full of a glad 

content, 

Singing to time her busy hands, as to and fro .'he 
went — 

" There is a Heart, there is a Hand, we feel but 
cannot see; 

We've always been provided for, and we shall 
always be." 

Days come and go — 'Twas Christmas tide, and the 

great fire burned clear; 
The farmer said: "Hear wife, it's been a good and 

happy year; 

The fruit was gain, the surplus corn has bought the 

hay. you know." 
She lifted then a smiling face, and said: "I (old 

you so ! 

For there's a Heart, and there's a Hand, we feel, 

but cannot sec; 
We've always been provided for, and we shall 

always be," 



A Granger at the Seaside. 

W e like to see a man unbend and relax occa- 
sionally, for therein lies the hope of further 
earnest work when the play-time is over. To 
show how thoroughly one of our leading San 
• lose Grangers can enter into invigorating recre- 
ation, and give himself for the time being to 
the vacation spirit, we print the following: 

1*1 1 > I T- 1 1 : s I'kkss: — Your genial and cltieicnt 
representative, Mr. Standee, has been spending 
a few days here, and encourages me to present 
sonic of the attractions and doings of this re- 
nowned camp. 1 will enclose a portion of a 
paper called "Tin Fbg Hon," read on Thurs- 
day evening of this week, and you can dispose 
of the same according to your pleasure. One of 
the articles is as follows: 

Camp Capitola. 

DBAJR EDITOR:— Since 1 caught the echoes of 
" The Peg Horn," my mind has wandered back to 
the lime w hen this old famous camping-ground had 
no existence in name. True, it was sometimes called 
Soguel, owing to its proximity to that old berg, lint 
a time came when its fame could not Ik- hidden in a 
shroud, and by a spontaneous expression of public 
•enliment it wa- christened, in the beautiful lan- 
guage of the natives, " ( amp CAMTOI A. " 

Capitola, like Eureka, is a beautiful expression, 
i -<pre.-sivc ill a beautiful thought. Excelsior is tame 
in comparison. The thousand or more ol people 
here, all merry, if not gay, attest the fact that it is a 
realm of social intercourse and mental enjoyment. 

I ir. Franklin, the old-time sage of America, pro- 
nounced swimming the most health-inspiring of all 
physical exercises. The literary hall also has its 
votaries. And it is no wonder that the representa- 
tives of all class. - , from country and town, from col- 
lege and academy, should here clasp hands in the 
dizzy d .nee, or enliven the scene with the voice of 
eloquence and sontr. 

Km my mind wanders to tin- disuinl future. This 
hide jewel ol a town, so beautifully set in this little 
nook — so secluded, yet so near railroad — is near per- 
lection itself. The embellishment of high art has 
not yet robbpd it of its grandeur, and the eye of the 
sleeper closes with the melody of the ocean ringing 
in his ears. X. 
City Items. 

It is rumored that one of the planks in the 
Hihn platform is to dredge and straighten the 



Soquel creek from the bend down, so as to 
open up a permanent channel for the same. 

The San Francisco steamer lands and takes in 
freight at our wharf on semi- weekly trips (low n 

the coast. 

Building is still going on, and other cottages 
will soon he commenced. There is a noted im- 
provement in the dwellings erected this year 
as temporary. Thtrtiew cottages for rent to 
campers are also a great improvement on the 
old ones. 

The new reservoir is approaching completion, 
meanwhile the town is well supplied from 
mountain springs. 

The new picket fences about the dwellings 
add greatly to their appearance : while the 
flower gardens show great promise of excellence. 

All letters to campers should be directed to 
Soipiel, lor ( Amp Capitola, as a po-it ofHcc has 
not yet been established for this place. 

One of the pleasant features of the c..mp is 
the outside music so generously liestowed by 
the vocal choir of the young folks. 

The skating rink is one of the new and well 
patronized places of resort. 

The Literary Hall is given up for dancing 
purposes two evenings in the week, the fair sex 
predominating. Bashful young men, here is 
your opportunity. 

Many new faces from all parts of the State 
and adjacent camps are daily seen in our 
streets. 

Our Literary and Music Hall is nightly 
packed by campers, and people from Santa 
Cruz and the adjoining country. 

Oanp Oajnlola, (fbqtm, Cal. I. A. W'. 



Severe Misfortunes. 

Brother S. T. Coulter, Master of the State 
Grange, had his large and comfortable home 
entirely destroyed by fire on Monday, in the 
suburbs of Santa Rosa. The loss is estimated 
in dollars and cents at about S4,000. It is re- 
ported insured for S'2,000. am that a large por- 
tion of t!ie furniture was saved. Having re 
cently visited Brother Coulter's family, we are 
most certain that many articles of their own in 
genious making must have been lost or ruined 
out of their numerous keepsakes and household 
treasures. Six well grown up daughters and 
two sons led a happy and dutiful life with their 
parents under the one roof, ami we can sympa- 
thize with every one of them that every pleas- 
ant room and v estige of the cheerful home ha:; 
vanished ever so completely from them except 
in memory. IHppily our Worthy Master and 
wife have nobly br< u/ht up a family of nine by 
their honest toll, and we know this last blow 
must be a hard one just as their load 
seemed Hearing the summit. Within ■ 
nionth past Brother Coulter 'ost his entire 
hay crop -his principal dependence for a farm- 
ing dividend this year. Sister Lida Coulter, 
the next eldest daughter, has been nearly blind 
and undermcdii al treatment for many months - 
the most patient, cheerful and hopeful person 
we have ever met a rare example of true no- 
bility to all who have ever shared her company. 
Knowing him constantly since the early organi- 
zation of farmers' clubs in California, as a 
straight-forward and non-shirking worker in the 
cause of true reform, we must say that if ever 
a man deserved the sympathy, good will and 
generous hearted support of his fellow farmers, 
• Grangers and citizens, S. T. Coulter is that one. 



A Live Working Grange. 

The Roa&ait • Patron argues that the Orange 
which docs its membership and the community 
at large the most good is that which has the 
largest attendance of punctual men and women. 
Men who make it their business to be in time, 
as a rule, are the successful business men. 
Preparations should be made to discharge every 
duty incumbent upon you faithfully and honor- 
ably. Know the work in every station from 
Gate Keeper to Master. The reason why some 
( Granges have the dry rot is, they are Oranges 
only in name. The membership seldom attend 
a meeting, and therefore know nothing about 
the work or business of the Order except what 
they hear from a brother or sister of a live 
< Irange over in the adjoining township. If jou 
desire to be a good and true Patron of Hus- 
bandry, come right down to the letter and 
spirit of your obligation, be regular in attend- 
ance at your < irange meetings, give attention to 
all the business, study carefully the work, anu 
put forth your best efforts to have all the cere- 
monies conducted in accordance w ith the regu- 
lations as laid down in the manual. Bright 
Oranges arc pleasant to visit, and no l'atron 
goes into one and leaves it without feeling that 
he or she has been benefited by the visit. 



I'oi. Nashville ami \t« Oki.kan.*.— Bro. 
.'.II ( ooley and wife, of ( loverdalc, left last 
Week to v isit their old homes Kast. They will 
tarry aw bile at Kansas city, visit Chicago, at- 
tend the National Orange at Nashville in No- 
vember, and the World's Fair at New Orleans 
in December. Bro. C. has been on this coast 
since ISol (over .'W years) without returning 
to his kins people, who can now richly rejoice 
in the return of one well worthy of their high- 
est esteem a successful fanner, horticulturist, 
ex-State Legislator, and one of the clearest 



minded and universally respected Oraugers on 
this coast. As good specimens of California 
"husbandmen" and "matrons," we bespeak for 
them a suitable welcome at the National (irange 
and all other good places they may visit. We 
offer the columns of the lii km. for a report of 
their observations to our readers and a host of 
friends, and wish them a safe return. 

Great Field Fire. 

The season for these ruinous conflagrations is 
at hand and they are occurring in all their dire- 
ful character. On Sunday morning the news 
came that the whole country was on lire north 
of Oakdulc, or just across the Stanislaus river, 
near Burnett's station. The tire broke out on 
the northwest corner of Colonel Caleb Horsey 's 
ranch. al>out five miles from the river. It is 
supposed that two men were smoking, and that 
the lire from their pipes caught the grain, and, 
before they noticed it, got under such headway 
that no one could go near enough to put it out. 
W. C. Carmichael was the first one to discover 
it. He was going to a neighbo 's ami came 
upon the two men standing looking at a small 
fire near by. He called upon then to come and 
help bun put out the lire, and the three men 
went to work at once. I'>ut there was a high 
wind blowing and it soon became evident to 
Mr. Carmichael that the alarm would have to 
be given, lie ran to I 'olonel Oorsey's residence 
and in a few minutes the dreadful news was 
Hying from farm to farm and men gathered from 
al! parts of the county. 

Destruction Begun 

By this time it was under full headway, and 
they saw that no power under the sun could 
save ('olonel Horsey 's large ranch. Men rushed 
in w ith wet sacks, and many pulled off their 
coats, but the fire moved along faster than a 
horse could walk, hi a short time it had spread 
over ( 'olonel I >oreey's fields and 1,000 acres of 
the finest grain in the county was burned to the 
ground. The lire then spread from Colonel 
Horsey 's to I. L. Orainger's ranch, consisting of 
s00 acres. At this point I. W. Oilmer met the 
raging flames with a band of men and began to 
back-burn, that is, he plowed several furrows 
and started a new fire. Mr. Oilmer and his 
men worked so effectually that only I 'JO acres 
of his grain was burned. From there it spread 
to W. M. Muncy's ranch, consisting of !HX) acres. 
The men fought bravely, but no power could 
save it, and the whole lield was in flames in a 
few minutes. By this time Ike W atson's ranch 
was reached and 000 acres of his fine grain was 
destroyed. The next place doon ed to destruc- 
tion was K. Robinson's. Mr. Kobinson lost 
about 1200 acres. 

The Fire Checked 
By this time the whole country was alive with 
men and they were so thoroughly organized that 
the llames were stopped. The fire started 
about 10 o'clock, and it was not under con- 
trol until £30. I luring this time it had 
run about five miles and covered a country 
three miles wide, destroying some of the 
finest grain in the valley. It was reported 
that several farmhouses had been destroyed. 

Description of the Fire. 

J. W. (iil uer, who superintended the light 
with the lire, gave a good account of it. He 
said: "I never saw anything so grand and 
terrible in my life. I arrived on the scene a 
short time after the alarm was given. The 
llames were leaping from field to field at such a 
rapid pace that one could hardly keep up with 
them. One would think that fire could make 
more headway in standing grain than it would 
in stubble, but it is not so. Wherever the fire 
struck a lield that had been headed, it would 
run on the tield rapidly. The wind was blow- 
ing ijuite a gale, but that did not do so much 
damage as did the whirlwind, which seemed to 
come up at almost every step. 1 should judge 
there were very near 2,000. They came m 
header wagons, buggies and on horseback from 
miles around; some even came over from Stock- 
ton, and all went right to work as soon as they 
got on the field. At first they worked without 
any system, but we soon got down to business, 
and we got the li e under control. Before we 
got organized, we fought with wet sacks and 
blankets, but as soon as possible we went to 
back-burning. This was the only way we could 
do to get it under control. Talk about a hot 
place! Why, it was just like a bake oven. 

In the afternoon the streets of Oakdale were 
filled with those who had done good duty at 
the fire. Hundreds of men were lying around 
with the hair burned off their heads, and when 
they attempted to tell how they had fought the 
tire it could be seen that they suffered intense 
pain. Hundreds A them were so badly used 
up that they were compelled to leave the tire. 

Probable Loest s. 
It is impossible to tell exactly what the losses 
will amount to. As near as could be learned 
from the insurance men it is as follows: Col. 
Horsey, 1010 acres: loss, *30,000: no insurance: 
also one house and barn, S'.IOO; one of Shippee's 
combined header and thrasher and one steam 
threshing machine, $3,000, partly insured. K. 
Robinson, or Hobinson & Carey, 1,'J00 acres; 
loss, $20,000; insurance, 87 per acre. L. 
Grainger, l'JO acres loss, :?4,000; insurance, 
••slO per acre. Isaac Watson, 000 acres; Iobs, 
siii.000; insurance *7 per acre, I'aulsell and 
Muney, 000 acre:.; loss, §16,000; insurance S7 
per acre. Total lo ;s, J'00, 100; total insurance, 
?23,200. 



JSCg ^cultural X^otes. 

CALIFORNIA. 
Butte. 

Tin; ( lit umiOPPKBS, -Oroville Register ; Mr. 

• I . Edwards, of Thompson's Flat, informs u.s 
that he has lost ::•;■> hue young trees by the 
grasshoppers this season. Not only is the 
fidiagc stripped from the tree, but the bark is 
eaten off and the tree killed. Mr. Kdwards 
says that during his residence at Thompson's 
Flat, a period of over twenty-years, he has 
three times seen the grasshoppers as destructive 
as they arc at present. Mr. H. Ooetjen has 
lost his n it and shade trees, and also 
his garden. He says last week the grasshop 
pers were trying to dig his potatoes and cat 
them. Mr. John II.;' bins thinks one reason 
why the grasshoppers have multiplied so fast 
this year is because the crows have not appeared 
in large numbers to eat them as they us- 
ually do. 

Mimm: Gk6I no h>K HoKTIOI l.Ti'KL. On 
Sunday we took a walk a short distance out of 
town with ('has. St. Sure to what in mining 
days was known as Carpenter's Flat. Mr. St. 
Sure and John M. Ward own about 1 00 acres of 
the old mining ground. It is full of shafts and 
piles of tailing and covered with a dense gTowth 
of young live oak . The owners of the land 
noticed one day last year a fine thrifty young 
peach tree two years old growing amid the 
brush where no water could reach it. They de- 
termined to see what the soil would produce. 
In January a force of men were set to work 
tiding tiie ditches ami shafts on about fourteen 
acres of land. It took many days' hard work. 
The brush was also gradually cleared, and in 
March the land was plowed. A large number 
of apricot and peach pits were planted. The 
peaches look finely and are making an excellent 
growth, but the apricot trees were killed in 
many places by the unusual weather. Between 
the rows of trees the land is planted to bayo 
beans, which promise a fine yield. We also 
noted excellent corn, watermelons and squashes 
growing on the land, which shows that the soil 
will produce almost anything that may be 
planted. A fine nursery of 10,000 young trees 
was visited on one part of the land; the trees 
are growing sp'cndidly. Another winter a 
large area of the tract will be cleared, and in 
time it is the intention of the proprietors to 
plant a line of orange trees on each side of the 
railroad track a distance of three-quarters of a 
mile. We are glad to see these gentlemen 
taking hold v igorously to develop the land 
near town. Both have abundant means, and 
will spare no expense in putting their tract into 
line shape. They intend to put out vines, sow 
alfalfa, and make other permanent improve- 
ments. 

The Bkst Ykt. A'* ■<.,-./. The superb qual- 
ity of the wheat grown in the vicinity of Chico, 
(his season, has attracted considerable atten- 
tion, although but little, as yet, has been offered 
in the market. We are informed by Mr. Niles. 
now in • hico, and who, as special agent of the 
Connecticut Fire Insurance Co., of Hartford, 
has made an extensive survey of the grain fields 
of the State within the past six weeks, that he 
has not seen finer grain at any point than 
that raised in this immediate vicinity. He re- 
cently sent specimens of w heat to San Francis- 
co, comprising Club ami Arabian grown by 
Warren Stevens, about five miles south of 
Chico; I 'ride of Butte, Fulks and Mediterra- 
nean, from the ranch of K. J. Cartwright, ad 
joining Mr. Stevens' place, and Club raised by 

• ieorge Mulligan, on a part of the Finuell 
(■rant, near St. John: ami was yesterday ad- 
vised that these samples had been submitted to 
a Lumber of underwriters and grain buyers, 
who pronounced the grain the finest, to their 
knowledge, that had been received ui San Frau- 
c'sjo this year. 

El Dorado. 

T/HK GkasSHOPPBBS. -Sacramento Bet : John 
Butler, a grasshopper sufferer from White Rock, 
F.I Dorado county, is in the city to-day, and his 
tales concerning the depredations and numbers 
of the pest are wonderful to hear. He says the 
grasshoppers denuded his ranch of everything 
green ana then actually attacked the bay in his 
Barn. The insects were so numerous that they 
invaded the house and ate holes in the carpet , 
and that his wife has been compelled to arise 
from bed at night, light the lamp and search 
for the pesky insects. 

Freano. 

Thk Bvkton W'inkkv. H' publican: The 
completion of the new fermenting building at 
the Barton Vineyard, now in course of con- 
struction, will make this winery one of the 
most extensive and complete in California. 
This fermenting building in itself is an enor- 
t.ious structure, OOxii'JO feet, with adobe walls 
IS feet in height. It will give the reader some 
idea of the immense proportions and capacity 
of such a building to know that 70,000 bricks 
were required to build the foundation of the 
adobe walls, and 400,000 shingles to cover the 
structure. The cost of the lumber alone is 
nearly $0,000. The building will contain six 
rows, 320 feet long, of fermenting tanks, with 
:.mple driveways and hallways between the 
rows, giving a capacity for handling 4,000 tons 
of grapes annually, the estimated product of 
the vineyard when in full bearing. The plan 
of the fermenting building was made by the 
late F'ugene Morel, and is not only very eare 
fully arranged ae to convenience, but with par 



July 26, 1884.] 



pA6IFie F^URAL PRESS. 



ticular reference to regulating the temperature. 
Midway from the eavea to the comb of the roof 
is a rise of four feet, the space between being 
used for the purpose of ventilation, shutters 
being arranged with ropes and pulleys to open 
and close as may be desired. 

Lake. 

County Statistics. — Bee Democrat: From 
Assessor Smythe's statistical report we gather 
a few items that mav be of interest to our read- 
ers. For instance, we find that the number of 
acres sown to wheat this year in Lake county 
is 6,241, the average production of which in 
past years has been 15.30 centals per acre. The 
number of acres sown in wheat for hay is 2,923; 
average production per acre, 3,475 pounds; 
barley 4, 1 02 acres, average 1,940 centals; bar- 
ley for hay 1,757 acres, average production 2,- 
^4I» pounds per acre; oats for grain, 370 acres, 
average 1.300 centals; oats for hay 1,025 acres, 
average, 2,969 pounds. In grape vines we find 
67 acres five years old and over, 12 acres four 
years old, 100 acres three years old, .'iOl acres 
two years old and lt!7 acres one year old. 
Total, 647 acres in vines, from which 1,200 gal- 
lons of wine were made last year, and 43,900 
pounds of grapes sold for market. The num- 
ber of cattle, including calves, is 3, 1 16, average 
value per head, $13 44; number of colts, 551, 
average value, $28 1 1 ; number of thoroughbred 
cows, 12, average value, $56 67; American 
cows, 2,057, average value, $27 36; goats, 2,- 
459, average valve, $1 ; hogs, 7,008, average 
value, $1 97; Thoroughbred horses 1, value 
$1,000; American horses 1,370, value $68 5::; 
half Spaniard horses 713, value $27; mules 223, 
value $54 1)0; poultry 1,476, value $3 per dozen; 
sheep 51,521, value $1 50; lambs 4,344, value 
50 cents each; pounds of wool 1 1,350, at eight 
cents. There are (il pianos in the county, and 
605 sewing machines, 320 watches, 1,15!) wag- 
ons and other vehicles. There are 90 miles of 
telegraph line, and 38/, miles of toll road. There 
are 306 tons of wheat, 300 tons of barley and 
850 tons of hay assessed. 

Los Angeles. 

Market Gari>kning. — Express: Up the Los 
Angeles river, on the west side of the stream, 
to the high bluffs, every foot of land is culti- 
vated up to the city limits about three miles. 
Some of these places arc very old, 20-year-old 
orange trees and 15 year-old walnut trees being 
numerous. Passing up the road to the High- 
land Park Tract, turn to the left, cross the Tail- 
way and then the river, and you find a road on 
the east side of the blufl', whirl) is the outlet 
for these many farms, the houses being just be- 
low the road, and the farms below the houses. 
The scene below the road is one changing vari- 
ety of cultivation, not a foot of land being 
wasted. There are two Chinese vegetable gar- 
dens there which look dismal compared to the 
farms of Americans. Among the most impor- 
tant products are oranges, walnuts and grapes, 
all planted in large orchards and vineyards. 
Vegetables of fine quality are also raised. Most 
of these settlers own their property, and bring 
their products into the city early in the morn- 
ing, being close by, and obtain top prices for 
their goods. As their expense is small, except 
the labor and a slight expense for water, and as 
most of these settlers have lived there a long 
time, they are all pretty well fixed and have 
beautiful homes. 

( iierries. — The cherry trees at Ontario this 
year bore very heavy crops of large and luscious 
fruit. Col. Hall and T)r. Lanterman, in La 
Canada, and Mrs. Jeanne C. Carr, at Pasadena, 
report that all their trees bore very heav- 
ily. Wherever the trees are planted in good 
soil and properly cared for, they bear luxuri- 
antly. In three years' time Los Angeles county 
will be noted for its superior cherries. Mark 
that! 

Disappointed with the Muscat. — Pasa- 
dena Valley Union, .luly 12: From reports 
gathered from different growers and other 
sources, it is evident that the grape crop of 
this valley is in a bad way this season. The 
extended period of cloudy weather that has 
just passed must be blamed for the condition of 
things, such weather usually causing that pe- 
culiar disease which the French term cmkure, 
by which the forming grapes lose their ten- 
acity of stem and drop off. This is particular- 
ly true of the Muscat and Alexandria, and the 
truth must be conceded that we have not the 
perfect conditions for growing that grape and 
the sooner people realize it the better. No one 
has taken more perfect care of his vineyard 
than has Dr. Congar. He has cultivated well 
and watched over his vines assiduously, and 
the appearance of his vineyard, as far as the 
vines go, is perfect, yet, the truth is, that the 
I >octor scarcely gets one full crop in three sea- 
sons, and at last forced to give it up, in disgust, 
and will next year either graft over his vines, 
or root them out entirely. 

A Tint Farm. — Express: A friend who 
owns a small patch of eleven acres, nicely situa- 
ted between two zanjas, just below the city 
limits, devotes two acres to apricots and 
peaches, with a half acre devoted to a choice 
variety of apples, which always bring a good 
price ana a net profit over and above expenses 
of two hundred dollars an acre. One of the 
most remunerative, all the year arouud, pr< d 
nets of his place is his extensive flower garden, 
which contains an endless variety of tropical 
and temperate zone flowers, which grow with 
such luxuriance that they are' not only very 
saleable for home consumption but find a ready 
market for export. The matron of this place 
has exclusive charge of this department, and is 



afforded a pleasant and very profitable employ- 
ment in preparing the wagon-loads of bouquets 
that are taken from this little Southern Califor- 
nia home annually by regular customers. The 
flower garden surrounds the house and embraces 
about an acre and a half of this model little 
farm. The remainder is devoted to all kinds of 
vegetables which bring two or three crops a year 
on the same land, which are also very profita- 
ble. A crop of corn followed by a crop of pota- 
toes, which in tur.i can be followed by a crop 
of beans, tomatoes, cabbage, squash, beets, 
peas, sorghum or any other vegetable that may 
be most in demand. The owner of the place 
has no assistance except his son, who does his 
cultivation, and his wife. He picks and packs 
up his fruits and vegetables while his wife at- 
tends to the floral department. Their only 
expense is that of the living of a family of three, 
his taxes and irrigating water, which is nomi- 
nal, so that it leaves them an income of from 
nine hundred to a thousand dollars a year and 
at the same time enables them to live on the 
fat of the land in one of the most equable and 
healthy climate in the world with but little 
effort. 

Merced. 

The Great Wheat Crop.— Valley Ari/ns: 
We continued our observations among the 
grain fields of the county this week, visiting 
the valley east of the railroad and south of 
Bear creek, including Plainsburg and Athlone, 
clear out to the foothills, and found all farmc s 
with whom we met, with all their forces of men, 
teams and machines, busily engaged in harvest- 
ing the great sea of waving grain that sur- 
rounded them, and which, notwithstanding the 
great addition many have made to their force 
in improved machinery, mules and horses and 
other things required in a prosperous season, 
they appear to have made only a beginning of 
their harvest operations. Many of them had 
just finished catting and thrashing their barley 
and made a beginning upon their wheat fields. 
At the Ostrander farm we found a large har- 
vester (header and thrasher combined), pro- 
pelled by twenty-eight horses and managed by 
Mr. Willis Ostrander, which did the work of 
heading, separating, cleaning and sacking the 
wheat, all worked by three men, with as great 
rapidity and taking the grain off' the- field as 
cleanly and effectually as the same amount of 
grain could be headed and stacked with the 
same number of animals, seven men and two 
wagons. Mr. H. .1. Ostrander rode over his 
fields with us, and we found that the waste 
caused by the storms will be great on all the 
rich hack lands of the valley, reducing what 
would have been a crop of from thirty to forty 
bushels to the acre to a yield of not exceeding 
twenty-five or thirty bushels per acre, a vast 
amount of the down wheat being left on the 
field which can only be partially taken off by 
the stock of the country before seeding time. 
Throughout all the eastern and southeastern 
part of the county the condition of affairs is ob- 
servable — an extraordinarily large yield of 
cereals, but a correspondingly large percentage 
of waste caused by the June storms, involving 
extra i xpense in harvesting and a scarcity of 
stock to clear the fields of the surplus grain 
upon the ground; but, notwithstanding all the 
drawbacks, the season will be referred to in 
future years as one of unparalleled prosperity. 

Monterey. 

Black Lec Among Cattle. — San Jose Her- 
at tl: Black leg is a disease among cattle that the 
stockman dreads more than almost anything 
else that afflicts his herds. And people in this 
county know to their sorrow the ravages of 
this terrible scourge. This year, however, 
nothing has been heard of it in this country; 
but in the mountains back of Salh as City it is 
killing a great many young stock in spite 
of all the remedies known to the stockmen in 
that section of the country. They are under 
the impression there that the disease is con- 
tagious, so they ride about daily and drag the 
dead animals to an old log, and burn them up. 
One of the remedies practiced is to take a cer- 
tain amount of blood from the animal, but it 
has met with little or no success. The people 
are feeling very blue over the matter, as this 
year to lose a fine calf or steer means some- 
thing, as cattle are now selling at a good figure. 

The County. — Salinas Index, July 17: A 
late trip through the southern part of the coun- 
ty east of the Salinas river showed great 
evidences of prosperity among our people. 
Many places which two years ago were unset- 
tled are now taken up, and the places which 
had then been taken up have been so improved 
that between the two the aspect of the country 
has greatly changed. Within two years several 
claims have been located in the Salinas Valley 
below ex-Supervisor P>atcheloi \s. Much of 
Long Valley which was unimproved now bears 
promise of an abundant harvest. Wild Horse 
is completely changed by settlement, and beauti- 
ful fields of grain cover what was rather a for- 
bidding stretch of land. Peach Tree Valley 
was not changed much. The grant and Luther 
ranch keep things much as they were. In the 
Peach Tree grant there was a good deal of 
lodged grain, far more than in any other part 
of the country described. In Slack's Canyon 
the farmers were busy with haying, and here, 
as everywhere else along the road, the grain 
fields promised a rich harvest. Cholame 
Valley was so much changed by cultivation and 
fencing for the first few miles after we got into 
it, that all looked strange except the general 
contour of t h e, country, and Gould's place was 
the first we recognized. This beautiful valley 
has been filled up a great deal by newcomers, 



and here, as everywhere, close grain was g ow- 
ing finely. Taking the county as a whole, while 
there was some rust, it did not seem to be so 
bad as had been repo.ted. Natural feed for 
stock is not in very good conditition. The hills 
are very greeu and well covered, but the growth 
in a great deal of the range seems to be more 
of weeds than nutritious grasses. This is proba- 
bly the effect of the latest rains. "It is an ill 
wind that blows nobody good," however, and 
the soaking late rains all over this lower country 
have filled the water sources, and the wells 
that for a year or more have shown signs of 
failing are now full of water, and the water 
springs have put on fresh vigor. There is very 
little mast. Heavy rains just as the oaks were 
in flower, washed off the pollen and prevented 
the proper fructification of the crop. In view 
of this failure the bountiful growth of grain all 
through the pork-raising country will prove a 
great help to stock men. 

San Bernardino. 
The Muscat Blight. Los Angeles Express: 
Mr. Wetmore has returned from San Bernardino 
and Riverside, and has finished the rounds of 
this part of the county investigating the blight 
of the Muscat. To-day he will go to San Diego 
to complete the work in Southern- California. 
He met the Riverside people at two public 
meetings in company with Mcl'herson brothers, 
of Orange, and D. Stillman, of Lugonia. He is 
of the opinion that he has discovered a method 
by which the blight of this year might have 
been protected so far as to insure good crops on 
the sandy and light soils. This he will make 
public after completing the study. He now 
thinks that the Muscat growers and other 
similar places had better make some further ex- 
periments before abandoning the variety, as 
some have proposed. 

Santa Barbara. 
Santa Clara Grain.— Cor. Independent: 
Since the commencement of harvesting, the 
weather has been as fine as we have ever seen 
here: butlittlefog to inconvenience the heading. 
Notwithstanding the nu t and shrunken grain 
as there is certainly some of both we are still 
sure of the largest yield ever known in this 
valley and its vicinity. Harvest hands are 
scarce. Quite a number of threshers will begin 
their operations this week. 

Sutter. 

A Drive in Sitter County. Marysville 
Appeal: Day before yesterday we enjoyed the 
pleasure of a drive through the wheatfields of 
Sutter county, between Feather river and the 
Buttes. We had heard the praise of this fore- 
most agricultural county of California sounded 
by everybody, but were surprised at the richness 
and fertility of the soil, the high state of culti- 
vation of the farms, and the comfortable and 
costly improvements everywhere to be seen. 
As for the crops, we can only repeat, with slight 
variations, the words of the balloonist, who, 
after taking a trip over Illinois, in answer to 
the question as to what he had seen, replied, 
"corn, corn, corn." We can say of the crops 
of Sutter, wheat, wheat, wheat. "The woods 
are full of it." Napoleon pointed to the plains 
of Lomburdy, from the Alps, and said to his 
soldiers, "behold the granary of the world." 
That might have been true then, but now Lom- 
bardy would not compare very favorably with 
the Sacramento or San loaquin valleys, and 
Sutter county is the garden spot of both these 
valleys. The farm buildings are large and 
comfortable, not to say luxurious, and, in the 
surroundings of flowers, fruit and shade trees, 
there is every evidence of taste and refinement. 
Eighteen years ago there was very few settlers 
between Yuba City and the Buttes; J ,o-day it is 
an area of solid grain fields. No where on the 
green earth is to be found a more prosperous 
agricultural community than that of Sutter 
county. 

The Yield. Yuba City Farmer: W heat is 
yielding beyond expectation in this county, as 
revealed by the little thrashing already done. 
J. S. Metteer, of Live Oak, reports 45 bushels 
to the acre, and W. J. Walton, a few miles west 
of town, the same; and W. T. Blevin, nei-r the 
Buttes, reports summer-fallow as high as 50 
bushels per acre. A. H. Wilbur has probably 
as big wheat as there is in the county. He has 
not thrashed yet, but the yield is estimated at 
50 or 00 bushels per acre. It seems evident 
that a very large per cent of the acreage will 
average 35 bushels. 

Egyptian Corn. -Farmer: The farmers of 
Sutter county have made a discovery in the pro- 
duction of greeu feed through the dry season, 
which is bound to revolutionize agriculture on 
the dry plains of this .State. The chief reason 
of our running to wheat, barley and hay, was 
because, as these ripened, nothing more grew, 
until the winter rains set in. The great stub- 
ble fields, while they were useful for fattening 
swine, were, after a few weeks, gleaned bare 
and useless for horses and cattle. This has now 
almost, and soon will entirely disappear, and 
our farmers will be made to .sustain all summer 
on green feed, all the cattle and horses desired. 
We have reference to the Kgyptian corn, a patch 
of which is found on almost every farm within 
a radius of ten miles of Yuba City. The corn 
is sowed on summer-fallowed land, and as late 
as the moisture will sprout it. Once sprouted, 
it will grow, in spite of the heat and drouth, 
and ten acres of it will suffice for an ordinary 
farm for the purpose of pasture. To get the 
best -esults, no more should be planted than 
can be kept at six or twelve inches in hight, as 
il is preferred by stock in a "succoring" condi- 
tion. It can be planted iu rows like common 



corn, in drills or broad cast, the latter method 
having the preference, and thirty to forty 
pounds to the acre is sufficient. These green 
patches are most pleasing to the eye, and com- 
pletely solve the problem of summer feed for 
stock. Sorghum, broom corn and common corn 
have been tried with varying success, but we 
believe nothing has been found to equal Kgyp- 
tian (or as it is called here) chicken corn. It is 
said to be hard on soil. Certain it is that wheat 
sown after it will not attain more than two- 
thirds the usual hight, with stiffer straw. As 
to the yield, our own experience is that it will 
be as great, if not greater than if no corn had 
grown upon the land. This corn will grow 
upon the poorest and dryest soil; the only 
requisite is to have it come up before the soil 
gets too dry to sprout the seed. We know of 
a patch sown broadcast after the late June rain, 
which is now covering the ground, and which 
will furnish feed until plowed up in the fall or 
until the frost kills it. 

Santa Cruz. 

Fruit Cannery.-— Watson ville Transcript: 
Saturday last, as per announcement, a num- 
ber of our fruit growers, and others interested, 
attended the meeting at the Town Hall, called 
for the purpose of taking steps looking to the 
formation of a fruit packing company. A. A. 
Morey was chosen Chairman, and Ed. Martin 
Secretary. A communication was read from 
the Santa Cruz cannery, making certain propo- 
sitions tending to consolidate with the one 
here if started. On motion, Messrs. C. I. 
Burkes, Owen Tuttle, K. F. Pedman, .1. A. 
Blackburn, J. W. Gaily and A. W. Condit 
were appointed as a committee to gather all the 
information regarding the matter and report at 
the next meeting. 

Sonoma. 

Dahlias. — Petaluma Argus: The handsomest 
bed of dahlias the greatest in number and 
varieties ever seen in this section, are now in 
bloom iu the yard of Mr. H. Meacham, on 
Washington street. We never go by without 
stopping to feast our eyes upon this lovely 
sight. The secret of the great success of these 
flowers is that they are never dug up, but al 
low ed to remain in the ground during the win- 
ter, and when the spring comes they are ready 
to shoot forth earlier in the season and more 
perfect in form than those that have been put 
away in the dry house. We have learned a 
lesson from this garden, and will dig up no 
more dahlias in the fall of the year. He also 
has a fine collection of hollyhocks. One plant 
is nearly fifteen feet in hight, and full of bright 
flowers. 

Stanislaus 
Harvest. — Herald, July 12: The threshers 
are now at work in all parts of tie counts'. < >f 
course there is plenty of heading yet to be 
done, but the grain is getting very ripe. Several 
threshing men have reported to us that the 
yield will average 15 bushels to the acre in the 
county. It is turning out even better than 
was expected on the sand plains, and the 
heavier land is producing from 25 to 40 bushels 
per acre. It is all large and plump in grain, 
and but little has been lost by falling. 

Tuolumne. 

EDITORS Press: — Farmers are busy wherever 
grain requires harvesting. Help seems more 
abundant than anticipated. Some few are seek- 
ing the mountain regions to fill the places of 
those seeking the higher wages and harder 
work of the plains. Prices are ranging far be- 
low other years for cereals. No standard is 
adopted so tar, but it will range from ten per 
cent to twenty-five per cent below former fig- 
ures. Now is the time lor millers having the 
means to spare to stow away sufficient for 
another year. Seasons are so changeable that 
the low figures of the present time may 
not prevail again for many years to come. 

Fruit amongst the foot-hills is slowly matur- 
ing. Our fruit crop of tigs are now at their 
best. The fourth of .luly has been their former 
season for ripening. The second crop bids fair 
to be abundant. Apples in and around 
Columbia are reported in good condition, and 
so far free from moth. My information is from 
W. Johnson, a succeesful farmer and orchardist 
within a few miles of Columbia. Grapes are 
also reported as being in good condition. 
Peaches and kindred fruits are scarcely half a 
crop. Dried fruit has become almost a thing of 
the past, where large teams were employed to 
to had the product to San Francisco 
market. When the atmospheric conditions 
assume their normal conditions we may 
return to prosperity in fruit culture. 

The weather has been changeable. The 
glass registered from 100 to I 10 in the shade 
for a few days only. Sun strokes upon the 
plains were daily reported ; one or two deaths 
took place from that cause. Since then the 
gla.is ranges from 80 to DO in the shade, with 
a cooling attendant breeze. The weather iu 
general is considered favorable for securing the 
large harvest granted to industry. The foot- 
hill farmer is adopting the progressive ma- 
chinery which has been the means of inhancing 
the price of land to such a high figure on the 
great plains. The combined header and thresher 
moves about from one farm to another, and 
very quickly brings barley and wheat ready for 
market, saving much material, labor and ex- 
pense. John Taylor. 

It is estimated that the farmers of King and 
Pierce counties, W. T., will obtain for the pres- 
ent season's hop crop 81,500,000. 



6t> 



p>A@IFi6 RURAL f> RESS. 



July 26, 1884 




The Cross on the Rock. 

[Written for (he Rckai. I'kkk* by K K. 

] know a vale where clouds of grey 
O'er hay-bound hill tops idly stray, 
And shadows from each rocky ste>p 
1 n Ions; cool grasses idly creep. 

I lere morning hears her latest call, 

I lere first the steps of evening fall, 

I lere noon leaf-shadowed gimmers down 

O'er wind swept ridges high and brown. 

Here stand those great and steady trees, 
That rustle to the gusty breezv. 
Their old knarled branches lifted high— 
The pioneers of days gone by. 

A crystal creek from blue hills led, 
Goes rippling in its gravelly bed; 
The sky, the bridge, the willows green. 
All mirrored in its peaceful stream. 

Above this vale where shadows lie 
All day between the earth and sky, 
A jutting rock, seam-lined and grey. 
O'er looks the tranquil silent day. 

And high upon the moss stained wall, 
Where flickering shadows on it fall, 
There lies a cross, carved true and deep — 
llright signet of the ancient steep. 

What brave, heroic, long lost deeds. 
What sunken grave beneath the weeds, 
Hath record in this carving old, 
I'pon this rock — nowhere is told. 

The hand that carved it now is dust. 
The steel long since was giver to rust; 
But time's swilt .sorrows are not thine 
sweet altar of the wildwood shrine. 

And this we know , no church reared high, 
Lift's holier anthem's to the sky, 
Than this deep vale where clouds sweep low, 
And chanting winds through green aisles blow. 



The Girl Graduate at the Farm House. 

[Written for the Ri-rai. Prim bj Maid m ai.i. -Wom.] 
As the time is at hand when our girls will 
return to their school homes, many of them to 
complete their courses with the coming year 
it may be well for them to hear in mind during 
their closing school days the relations which 
they as graduates will bear to the households to 
which they will return. 

We have all seen the girl graduate as she 
lfK)ked on commencement day shining in the 
white robed train of lovely and graceful sisters, 
going about with the soft tread of kid slippers 
and carrying herself with the charming air of 
one who is subduing happiness and joy into a 
ijuiet and dignified demeanor. Her hair was 
crimped and curled and coiled at the back of 
her small head with the daintiest grace that 
young heads can wear. Her dress was fresh 
and pure as snowdrifts, and made and worn 
with an indescribable fulness and witchery 
half way between style and simple beauty. 
Little pink daisies nestled in the soft white 
lace at her throat, clung to her waist and 
strayed about the white folds of her dress in 
studied artlessness. Her sweet, clear blue 
eyes were like dewy violets, Cod bless them, 
and her rosy lips quivered a little each time her 
glance fell upon the pale, tired face of her pre- 
ceptress - that calm, patient face set in smooth 
coiled hair with the grey just sprinkled in 
front. It only came to the girl heart just at the 
Lust how dear that face had grown, and soon 
she would be parted horn her with such a 
trail possibility of meeting her again. 

We have all loved and watched and admired 
the gi 1 graduate; we have brought her baskets 
of wax-like flowers, and congratulated her over 
and over again, kissing the blushes stealing in- 
to the face. And wc have felt only too sorry 
for the admiring young men, who could only 
stand by and see her kissed by the dignified 
fathers and uncles and irrepressible brothers who 
come to commencement. Wc have held her 
diploma in our proud hands, loaded ourselves 
with her floral t ibutcs, held her fan, and 
hovered around her, as wc school children in 
I'lacer county used to around the first tiger lily 
that came down from the high rocky places, all 
crowding for the first chance to sec and touch 
its velvety petals. Then we have carried her 
off in triumph, wondering if the beautiful 
flower of commencement day would ever pale 
into anything commonplace. She was so lovely 
and dainty, and looked her best, just as she 
had a right to do on her graduating day, for 
the girls who graduate are far too few after 
all that is, in the country. Casting my mind 
about in several neighborhoods with which 
I am familiar, there can be singled out so few 
girls who are what we could call "magnificent 
players," or who could furnish a drawing-room 
with pictures of their own work. There are so 
few who can takehold of a room full of company 
and entertain them skillfully with pleasure to 



them, and no weariness to herself. There are 
so few who can read the notes of a new song and 
render it for the leading of others with a full, 
well commanded voice. And yet, this is not 
for lack of material surely, for there are plenty 
of girls on my right and left, who are bright, 
smart and talented in every respect. 

They are far too bright to be allowed to grow 
up and marry with only a district education, 
for they have every capacity for the making of 
accomplished and useful women. Not but 
what they would be very useful and very 
much beloved as they are, but their homes 
would be so much more orderly, tasteful and 
beautiful, if they could only have the advan- 
tage of a little seminary or college culture. 

It will not always do to suppose that a girl 
will make herself, although this is often suc- 
cessfully done in a large town, where the girl 
can solicit instruction from many friends in many 
different things. Neither is it just to suppose 
that a mother, however capable, can educate 
and accomplish her daughter at home. !She 
may have many cares, many duties, many 
troubles, perhaps, that unfit her 'for this work. 

If we can not send our girls to school that 
they may learn the arts ami graces of home 
life, we must juit expecting so much of them. 
We must not jomplain that the piano does not 
deliver up a gratification equal to the invest- 
ment, if we do not give Blanche or Maud the 
shadow of a chance to show what she can do. 
No capital will yield interest unless properly 
managed . 

Hut the fair girl we saw graduate a few 
weeks ago is coming to the /aim house. The 
old piano will wake up then sure enough, and 
w e will hear the same hearty showers of music 
that we heard on commencement day. The 
trunk will be unpacked, and cool, blue lakes, 
and luscious looking cherries, and snow scenes, 
and apple blossoms will brighten up the high, 
white walls, that have waited so long for the 
home-coming of little -lanet; and the city-like 
blossom of commencement day will develop into 
the red, red rose of love, sweet with love and 
gratitude. There are all mother's dresses to fix 
over, for mother is getting sadly out of style. 
There are the children all eager to begin music. 
There is the kitchen waiting for a quick step 
and a singing voice. There is mother's room 
and the guest chamber to be renovated and 
made bright and cheerful and sunny, like the 
rooms at school. 

Then- are a thousand nameless touches to a 
home, which only an accomplished girl can 
give: and especially if there is a new house full 
of new furniture, no one can tone it down and 
arrange it and make it home- like and cosy like 
this very same singing .lanet from school. 

Then many, many times Oeorge and Herbert 
will say, "Come .lanet, if you will play some of 
those pretty things you played when you grad- 
uated, we won't go to town to-night." Then 
mother's eyes will glisten with tears of joy that 
her boys love to stay home at last. 

Hear girl at the farm-house, your work is im- 
measurable. Father is getting old and his eyes 
are dim; you will read to him, I know, in your 
■dearest voice those long dull pieces about labor 
and free trade and the elections. You will 
make that wilderness of a front yard break into 
gladness and bloom, and with your arts and ac- 
complishments make the country house what 
it should be. the most desirable place in the 
world to live in the year round. 

' 'ontm Coekl Co. 



-Mrs. Rukkrt .1. BruoKTT, the wife of the 
popular lecturer and humorist, died of con- 
sumption recently. She had l>een an invalid 
for years, but was always patient, bright and 
cheerful. "Her Little Serene Highness," as 
her husband loved to call her, was the in- 
spiration of the best work he has done, and it 
was to amuse her and drive away pain and 
gloom from her bedside, that he first wrote 
his humorous articles. His love and devotion 
for her were beyond expression. He says: 
"Her life has been a fountain of strength to 
me. Her beautiful patience, has been a con- 
stant rebuke to my own impatience, and in 
her suffering I have seen and known the 'love 
that knows no fear,' and the 'faith that knows 
no doubt.' " The world that has so often laughed 
at Robert Burdette's humor, will now weep for 
his loss. Many hearts will sincerely grieve 
with him, and though he may never know the 
individual pangs felt for him, yet the sym- 
pathy of the people at large will come to him 
as the sweetest incense, and perhaps soften 
his heavy grief. 

I'm ikk Mrs. Blaine, Mrs. Ixigan, wife ofthe 
Republican nominee for Yice-I'resident, is a 
great politician. She has rendered her hus- 
band great service in the performance of his 
public duties. In her younger days, she had 
aided her father, who was Sheriff of the county 
where they resided, in his official duties; in 
fact, he depended on her for the accomplish- 
ment of certain work to be done. On her mar- 
riage she immediately installed herself as com- 
panion and helpmate to her husband, and his 
success in public life is due not a little to her. 
The arduous work of the approaching cam 
pa'gn will still find Mrs. I^ogan exerting her 
talent and ability for the success of her husband. 



Til i Kmpress Kugenie. as it is still the fashion 
to rail that lady, has written her memoirs or 
somebody else has written them for her, and 
they will be published some time in the autumn. 
They are said to extend to the death of the 
late Fiince Imperial, and it is intended to pub- 
lish them in Knglish and French, 



Our Farm Laborers, 

[Written for tin- Ki-rai. PlM bj Mrs .1. M. K.I 
The harvest season brings us in contact with 
many of our transient laborers. We learn 
more of their characteristics and wants, and 
find ourselves studying anew the vexed prob- 
lem, "What can be done to bring about a more 
cordial feeling between employers and em- 
ployed, to elevate the character, and better 
the condition of our hired help?" Some months 
ago, I read in a State paper comments upon the 
suicide of a workman, which I am willing to 
partly excuse, on the ground of ignorance; 
but which certainly was a gross libel upon Cal- 
ifornia. The writer exclaimed: "And so it 
has come to pass in the C olden State, that an 
able bodied man is driven to the very last re- 
sort to dispose of himself, to the destruction of 
the life which he cannot maintain." 

Inferring also that so many harvest hands are 
needed, the most of them must tramp and beg 
the rest of the year — adding further, that had 
the suicide possessed less conscience and more 
sense, he would have supported himself by 
theft. In audition to the false impression 
given of the labor market in California, the 
sentiment expressed is postively dangerous. 

The rich and powerful have long been able by 
fraud and legal twistings of justice to live off of 
the honest poor. Now, if on the other hand 
the improvident and idle tramp is encouraged 
to steal, it will indeed form the upper and 
nether millstone to discourage and crush out 
all honest labor. 1 believe there is work in 
< 'alifornia for every willing worker who will 
turn his hand to whatever he can find to do, 
and not be too particular about wages. There 
are slack times when farmers cannot afford to 
pay much; but surely any wages are better 
than tramping. Many hands are enticed from 
other occupations by the prospect of high wages 
in the harvest fields, and return afterward to the 
same. Others refuse to work except for high 
wages, or as long as they have a dollar in their 
pocket. Kxperience proves it is none too easy 
to get good hands for winter plowing. 

1 have followed the fortunes of more than one 
young man in whose future 1 took a deep in- 
terest, and my observation has been, those who 
keep steady habits and saving ways are seldom 
idle, and in a very few years can save enough 
to rent or buy land and become themselves 
employers. 

We often hear complaints that California is a 
hard place to find work, and men are wishing 
themselves on the other side of the mountains 
again. One of two brothers, whose parents 
lived in Kansas, but who worked in California 
because they found wages better here, told me 
he could save $;t00 a year, which an older 
brother in Kansas invested for him in cattle. 
The young man had no special talents that I 
saw, except a disposition to be faithful and 
pi his employer. He worked for one dollar 
a day, except in harvest. Some day we may 
hear of him as a cattle king. He will have a 
beautiful home, and hire men who have been 
carrying their blankets twenty years, from 
place to place, in the same State where he earned 
his fortune. Very likely they will grumble 
about the injustice of a country that permits 
one man to acquire such wealth, while the poor 
laborer almost starves. 

Young man, will you believe me, this made 
the difference; being faithful he seldom changed 
places, thereby getting steady wages while 
others tramped. But chiefly, here is the talis- 
man — he never visited the saloon. How can 
you have the cheek to talk of hard times and 
starvation wages, when i let us make a careful 
estimate; if I have it wrong, please correct me) 
one-half your wages go into the rum seller's 
till ? And how can you ask the tired farmer's 
wife for food w-hen your tobacco alone costs 
more than her clothing ! But there is no need 
to enlarge upon this point. Any one acquainted 
with the facts can verify the statement, that a 
young man of good habits and strong, very 
strong moral backbone, can do well in Califor- 
nia, and that most of the poverty and want we 
see is the direct result of willful idleness and 
bad habits. 

Now, dear reader, if you are a workman, 
don't put this shoe on farther than it fits you. 
The fact that you are reading the Ki kai., in- 
dicates that you belong to the I>e8t class of 
workmen, and need encouragement, instead of 
blame. Your position is often a trying one, 
employers are not always discriminating, and 
you must prove your merit before you receive 
recognition; but never be discouraged, every 
temptation resisted, every self improvement, 
brings its own reward in an ennobled character. 
You may never be rich, many worthy people 
work hard and fare plainly all their lives. 
There are many honest ways, as one may say, 
to loose wh.-.t yon have gained by hard work 
and economy, but the frugal habits, the honest 
purpose, and brave endeavor remain, and are 
themselves a rich inheritance. 

I f ('alifornia farm hands are inferior to those 
of other States, there must be a cause for it, 
and much blame I fear lies at the employer's 
door. What a distance we have traveled since 
the days when all sat around the same t&ble 
—around the evening lamp or rode to church 
or public meeting together family and hired 
help. What do you think must be the feelings 
of one used to such treatment on coming to 
California to learn that while the family gather 
in the pleasant sitting room or retire to their 



comfortable lieds, he is expected to hunt up a 
fence corner, barn or shed and, having no 
blankets, burrow in a straw stuck? Our Targe 
ranches where many men are entirely isolated 
from family life have a very bad effect upon the 
character of the workmen. Here they discuss 
their real and fancied wrongs, justify their own 
shortcomings and frame that code of morals 
that, acted upon, surely makes a worthless 
character. 

Reasoning that the land owner is a selfish 
aristocrat who cares nothing for the interest of 
his men, why should he care for his employer's 
interest? He will not; he will put in his time — 
do as little work for as much money as possible. 
He must not do chores, nor saw wood, nor work 
at anything rainy days. Kconomy is con- 
temptible; he who parts soonest w ith his money- 
is the most philosophic and best-hearted fellow, 
and he who pays for the most whisky helps 
most to support the government and deserves 
the gratitude of his fellows. 

The wrong and its unhappy consequences are 
on both sides. Kach, so to speak, shakes a fist 
at the other, saying, "This is all your fault and 
I will not budge an inch from my position until 
you mend your ways." While we feel a mingled 
pity and contempt for the foolish improvident 
ones we meet, could we see the neglected youth, 
realize the daily temptations, the constant 
pressure against them, perhaps we could feel 
more of the divine attribute of compassion. A 
dear young fellow thrown among rough and 
wicked companions wrote: "I don't wish to 
offer the I'harisee's prayer, but I truly thank 
• Iod that early training and Christian parents 
make many other men's temptations no tempta- 
tion to me." Self- righteousness is abased when 
we reflect that shielded from childhood we hardly 
know the power of temptation. Hand in hand 
with advantages and abilities go responsibilities. 
It will not do to answer, "Am I my brother's 
keeper?" 

Away from home and friends, the man who 
works for you has a claim besides the money 
paid for so much labor. At least you lose an 
opportunity if you do not brighten and enlarge 
his life. Bat all, how little one's best efforts 
avail, when licensed brain and body destroying 
factories are at work on every side. These 
abolished, and thousands now surely on their 
weary march to the prison, the almshouse and